->''Then the LORD said to Moses, “Rise up early in the morning and present yourself to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the LORD, the God of the Hebrews: Let My people go, that they may serve Me.’”''
-->-- '''Exodus 9:13'''

Following from the events of the Literature/BookOfGenesis, the Jewish people have left Israel, only to find misfortune. Eager to return to the Promised Land, the Israelites must re-order their society and reconcile with God in their decades long campaign to re-claim their home. This page will cover the Books of Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy, and Joshua alongside Exodus for the sake of convenience.

'''''Exodus''''': 400 years after the Israelites' migration to Egypt at the end of Genesis, a new pharaoh subjects them to slavery and has all their newborn boys killed. One baby escapes and is found by pharaoh's daughter and named Moses. As an adult, he kills an overseer for beating an Israelite and flees to the desert. He settles down into the life of a shepherd when he is called by God to liberate his brethren.

This shepherd, Moses, frees the Israelites by the power of God and provides the Israeli people with Ten Commandments handed down by God, which would go on to be the basis of their law and morality. This is the most famous of the four, getting adapted into six frescoes within the Art/SistineChapel, ''Literature/MosesManOfTheMountain'', ''Film/TheTenCommandments'', ''WesternAnimation/ThePrinceOfEgypt'', and ''Film/ExodusGodsAndKings''.

'''Leviticus''': The guide book about how the Israelites are to properly worship God and manage their society.

'''Numbers''': The Israelites are on their way to ThePromisedLand while battling hostile nomadic peoples and internal dissension. Things do not go entirely to plan.

'''Deuteronomy''': [[AuthorFilibuster Moses' last instructions to the new generation of Israelites about to enter Canaan]].

'''Joshua''': Moses and the previous generation of Israelites are dead and it's up to Joshua to lead the new generation in conquering the Promised Land.

Joshua is followed by the Literature/BookOfJudges.

----
!!These books contain the following tropes:

* AdaptedOut: Moses' brother Aaron is ''always'' either removed entirely or has most of his deeds taken over by Moses himself.
* AfterActionReport: According to tradition, these books were written near the end of Moses' and Joshua's lifetimes.
* AllFlyersAreBirds: In the LongList of laws detailing what animals are and are not OK to eat, [[note]] Interestingly, no plants or fungi are considered to be unclean. Many scholars now believe these laws about meat and dairy products [[FairForItsDay were a way of protecting people from food poisoning and parasites, in an era with no refrigeration, a hot climate easily conducive to food spoilage, and no real concept of germ theory]]. Anyway, the lack of unclean vegetables and fruit becomes important later in the Literature/BookOfDaniel, when the Jews are exiled in Babylon (which does not abide by these rules). Daniel and his followers simply adopt a vegetarian diet to reaffirm their commitment to their traditions and faith. [[/note]] bats are listed among the unclean birds. [[note]] Mostly birds of prey, and birds (such as storks) that feed on carrion, which could potentially transmit diseases and parasites to humans who might eat them. As for bats, it is now known that the consumption of fruit bats in Africa ''has'' been linked to the transmission of Ebola and related viruses. Again, a way of keeping people healthy (and thus keeping communicable diseases at bay) by declaring certain types of meat and ways of handling/preparing/serving it off limits. [[/note]] Bats are mammals, not birds ([[ScienceMarchesOn either this distinction wasn't known in those days]] or [[HaveAGayOldTime birds was a catch-all term for all vertebrates that could fly]]).
* AndThereWasMuchRejoicing: The Israelites waste no time singing praises to the Lord when they see that the Pharaoh and his entire army was killed by the flood of waters that God unleashes on them after the Israelites safely cross through the Red Sea. Of course, this soon turns into MoodWhiplash for them as they go from rejoicing to complaining about the bitter water at the first place in the wilderness that they stop.
* ArtisticLicenseHistory: [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement Depends who you ask]]. There is no archaeological evidence or written record of a mass migration of people (enslaved or otherwise) out of AncientEgypt and into the Middle East. However, [[SelectiveObliviousness the ancient Egyptians never recorded their defeats and even turned some of them into victories]]. It's believed that there's a historical core to the story since one of the oldest poems in the book titled "The Song of the Sea" is dated to the 12th century BC. These are two of various reasons why even scholars who aren't members of the Abrahamic faiths think there must have been a exodus (or several of them) of some sort whether or not it happened in the grander, supernaturally-enabled way the Bible describes it. Also, while most (if not all) of Egypt's monuments were built not by foreign slaves, but by Egyptian day-laborers (often farmers in the off-season), the Bible also stipulates that the Hebrews didn't build the monuments, they did more menial tasks such as making bricks; the lowest of the low.
** Another example. The most popular choice for ''Pharaoh of Exodus'' [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement in the media]] is Ramesses II. This brings one small problem to the equation: Caanan was part of Egypt during Ramesses II, which would mean the Hebrews never left Egypt proper to begin with.
* AsteroidsMonster: According to one Jewish interpretation of Exodus, the plague of frogs started with just a single frog, which split into two every time it was hit. The Egyptians nevertheless were so annoyed they couldn't stop hitting it, ending with the whole Egypt being inundated.
* BadassGrandpa:
** Moses was 120 when he died. Joshua finally became leader, at 80.
** Caleb, the other faithful spy along with Joshua, carries this UpToEleven in Joshua chapter 14. He states outright that he's 85 years old but doesn't feel a day over 40 and asks that his inheritance be a mountain fortress filled with Anakim, and confidently expresses his belief that God will give him victory over them. The name Anakim means giant and many Bible scholars think Goliath was one of the last Anakim. Eighty-five-year-old Caleb was asking to go fight an entire ''fortress'' full of giants.
** [[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement While the debate of the Pharaoh of Exodus' identity continues to this day]], the most popular and well-known depictions in the media [[note]] not so much scholars. [[/note]], Ramesses II, lived to be 80.
* BecauseISaidSo: Invoked many times by {{God}}, or by leaders like Moses and later kings, who would claim that the edicts were issued directly by God.
* BestialityIsDepraved: Any person who is caught having sex with an animal is to be executed. The animal too, is considered DefiledForever by this act and must be slaughtered.
* BigBlackout: One of God's plagues upon Egypt was to plunge it into thick darkness.
* BittersweetEnding: The Israelites conquer Canaan but it's foretold the next generation will be unfaithful to God. Also Moses is told he can not enter the Promised Land because of his disobedience to God's word.
* BloodMagic: Not magic per se, but God does tell the Israelites to paint the doorposts of their houses with lamb's blood so that when the destroying angel comes by and sees the blood, he will pass over and thus spare the entire household.
* BlowThatHorn: The Israelites destroy the walls of Jericho by sounding their horns outside it.
* BurnTheWitch: There is [[https://www.biblegateway.com/passage/?search=Exodus+22:18&version=NIV a command]] to not allow a "sorceress" to live.
* BuryYourGays: Leviticus 20:13 states: "If a man has sexual relations with a man as one does with a woman, both of them have done what is detestable. They are to be put to death; their blood will be on their own heads." [[note]][[RuleOfCautiousEditingJudgement This is merely stating what the verse says, please do not add any opinions or arguments about it]].[[/note]]
* ChekhovsSkill: Both used and averted with Moses and the burning bush. God teaches Moses how to turn his staff into a serpent, and how to turn the skin of his hand leprous (as well as cure it), both in order to demonstrate that he is a prophet of the Lord. He performs the former, but the latter never shows up again.
* ChurchMilitant: Contrary to what you see in Film/TheTenCommandments, the worshipers of the golden calf were not swallowed up by the earth. God had Moses command the Levite priests to slaughter them. The swallowed-up-by-earth event happened later, in a separate incident involving the rebellion of Korah.
* TheCommandments: In UsefulNotes/{{Judaism}}, UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}}, and Western civilization, the Ten Commandments God gives to Moses on Mount Sinai are often considered the UrExample. The numbering of the commandments is a little muddled, as the seventeen verses which describes them don't actually line up when one commandment ends and another one begins.
* ConsummationCounterfeit: If a woman's new husband (or in-laws) [[SlutShaming accuse her of not being a virgin on her wedding night]], and she is able to produce a bloodstained sheet or garment, then the accuser is to be [[ATasteOfTheLash publicly flogged]] (and if it ''is'' the groom or his family making the accusation, he loses the right to divorce her.) However, if the bride and her parents are ''not'' able to produce "evidence" that she was a virgin, she is to be [[HonorRelatedAbuse stoned to death by the men of her community right on her father's doorstep (or at least her body was to be left on his doorstep after the fact)]]. This is the same punishment she'd face if she had an affair ''after'' the wedding, although in this case it only applied to her. (In theory, if she had an affair ''after'' the wedding, her lover(s) could face execution as well...though in practice, it wasn't always enforced equally.) She would be considered to have cheated on her husband before they'd even met, and [[FamilyHonor her family would be forever shamed]].
* CrazyPrepared: The laws of Moses. Covers civil law, criminal law, public sanitation, religious rituals... It even gives some case studies for unusual events.
* CreepyCrossdresser: Deuteronomy 22:5 flat out says that wearing the garments of the opposite sex is an insult to God.
-->''"The woman shall not wear that which pertaineth unto a man, neither shall a man put on a woman's garment: for all that do so are abomination unto the Lord thy God."''
* DefiledForever: In the Old Testament there are several rules regarding purity and defilement. Deuteronomy, chapter 22 for example, demands the death penalty for various forms of sex outside marriage, but notably clears the woman if rape is proven (she was heard crying for help) or assumed (there's no way to prove she ''wasn't'' crying for help), making this a slight yet notable aversion.
* DeusExMachina: Whenever the people of Israel are in need, God provides.
* DoesNotLikeShoes:
** God in the burning bush. "Remove your sandals, for the place where you are standing is HolyGround."
** The Commander of the Lord's Army also says similar to Joshua.
* DroppedABridgeOnHim: Pharaoh and those unfortunate Egyptian soldiers caught in the Red Sea at the wrong time.
* DontSaySuchStupidThings: This is how God sharply tells Moses to accept his assignment in leading His people out of Egypt, since Moses was still recalcitrant despite God performing miracles to show what He can do/use them to convince Pharaoh.
* EnigmaticEmpoweringEntity: This role is fulfilled by God as he shows himself to Moses in a burning bush.
* EpicFail: It takes 40 years to walk to Judea, less than 200 miles away.[[note]] Some religious scholars maintain that God deliberately made the party go around in circles as part of a decree that none of the Jews who left Eypt would live to see the promised land. [[/note]] On the way they manage to switch back several times, kill a large percentage of their own group in infighting of various kinds, and start fights with practically everyone in the region.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Pharaoh in sharp contrast to two Hebrew midwives identified by name. Some speculate that there were several different Pharaoh's during Moses time in Egypt (it's clear there are at least two different Pharaoh's; the one reigning when Moses was taken in and the new one who did not know him when he first approached the throne regarding freeing his people). Unfortunate (or very suspicious) given that this information would finally establish a base time to anchor all of these events to.
** [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharaohs_in_the_Bible There is some speculation as to his/their identity]], with [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thutmose_II Thutmose II]] being the best candidate for the Pharaoh Moses contended with, especially since his mummy is covered in [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyst cysts]] and his successor [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hatshepsut Hatshepsut]], or someone connected to her, went out of their way to deface his monuments and erase records of his reign. Perhaps this is why there is scant evidence of the events outside the Scriptures. He didn't drown, however.
* EyeScream: What Dathan and Abiram said to Moses in the rebellion of Korah in Numbers chapter 16, believing that Moses and Aaron were getting too big for their britches as far as being leaders:
-->“Is it a small thing that you have brought us up out of a land that flows with milk and honey to kill us in the wilderness because you make yourself a prince over us? Moreover you have not brought us into a land that flows with milk and honey nor given us inheritance of fields and vineyards. Will you put out the eyes of these men?”
* FatalFlaw: Continuing a theme from Genesis, no matter how respected or holy they are, no human is without a serious flaw that hurts their relationship with God. They include:
** Moses' anger.
** Pharaoh's arrogance.
** Aaron's weak leadership.
** Miriam's jealousy of Moses.
** Joshua's overconfidence.
** Balaam continuing to antagonize the Israelites even after experiencing God's power.
* FauxFlame: An angel of the Lord speaks to Moses from a bush that burns but is not consumed.
* FidelityTest: If a man suspects that his wife is [[YourCheatingHeart cheating on him]], but can't absolutely prove it, he is to take her to the Temple, [[ShamefulStrip remove her head covering]] [[note]] [[ShamefulStrip And according to some interpretations, some or all of her clothes as well.]] [[/note]], make an offering of coarse flour, and have her drink bitter, cursed water. If she's been faithful, the water will have no ill effect on her [[note]] And according to many Midrashic interpretations, not only would it have no ill effect on her, but she would have a healthy baby boy in the coming year. [[/note]]...but if she hasn't, "her belly will swell and her thighs will waste away." [[note]] The actual meaning of this phrase has been lost to history. Various interpretations include infertility, an STI, some type of disfigurement, an [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Obstetric_fistula obstetric fistula]], a uterine or vaginal prolapse, a miscarriage, and/or [[DroppedABridgeOnHim instant death]], but it is unknown what ''exactly'' would/would not happen to her. It's also ''generally'' thought that whatever it was would affect her lover(s), though this is unconfirmed. [[/note]], and she would be either killed or ostracized from her community. There was no test for a man accused of cheating, because a) [[DoubleStandard for a man]], it was only considered adultery if the woman he slept with was married or engaged to someone else, even if he was married and b) [[FairForItsDay it functioned as a way]] to keep the jealous husband from acting rashly and having his wife executed in a case where she was only MistakenForCheating.
** The woman ''could'' confess if she had been cheating, or find a way to produce evidence that she hadn't, rendering the test moot. (If she had cheated, however, she could face the death penalty if her husband so chose.) And, of course, if her husband were to just divorce her, she wouldn't have to undergo the test, even if she ''had'' cheated. Whether she was tested in this way or not was up to him.
* FinalSpeech: As a CallBack to Genesis, Moses gives one to the tribes of Israel in Deuteronomy chapter 33, giving them his blessings before he climbs the mountain and sees the Promised Land prior to his death.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Deut. 17:14 was about how to choose a good king, [[Literature/BooksOfSamuel centuries before any Israelite even thought this was a good idea]].
* {{Gendercide}}: The Pharaoh ordered his men to kill all the male children of the Jews to prevent them from becoming large enough to escape from slavery. Moses only survives thanks to the cleverness of his mother and fortune/God. They apparently did a terrible job of it, given six hundred thousand men lived to follow Moses out of the country.
* GeoEffects: Taken advantage of by the Israelite army (and occasionally it also gets the better of them because they weren't right with God).
* GetOut: In Exodus, after the final plague of God hits and the Pharaoh loses his firstborn child, he tells Moses to get the Israelites out of his country. So do the rest of the Egyptians, as they also lose their firstborns to the destroying angel.
* GodIsGood: This Book sees God offer the stuttering, exiled Moses the chance to free his Hebrew people from slavery in Egypt. Even after these same Hebrews abandon God and worship a golden statue in return, God guides the Hebrew people and provides them with bread and water as they travel through the desert to the land God promised them, even giving them quails when they complain about a lack of variety in their food.
* GodWasMyCopilot: God (or a messenger thereof) shows up to help Joshua take down the city of Jericho.
* GoodIsNotNice: God didn't have any qualms in killing Egypt's firstborn in order for Pharaoh to free the Israelites from slavery, and he doesn't have any compunctions in being heavy with His ''[[DisproportionateRetribution severe]]'' punishments on the Israelites if they sinned against Him. However, the Plague of Death of the Firstborn happened after Pharaoh [[IgnoredEpiphany disregarded the previous Plagues]].
** Your Mileage May Vary on this, but since [[HumansAreBastards all humans are sinners]] it could rather be said of God that GoodIsNotSoft.
* GroinAttack: Deuteronomy 25:11-12 forbids this:
-->''When a man and his brother fight one another, and the wife of the one draws near in order to deliver her husband out of the hand of him who fights him, and reaches out her hand and seizes him by the private parts, then you must cut off her hand. You must not pity her.''
* HeroicBSOD: After Joshua's failed attack on Ai.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: While these books focus on the history of Israel, in one passage from Deuteronomy, the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites and Caphtorim (Philistines) could qualify. In Deuteronomy 2, Moses mentions in passing these nations driving out the Emims, Zamzummims, Horims, and Avims, other tribes or names for giants that were found in Caanan.
* HeelFaceRevolvingDoor: Pharaoh, it is possible that there were multiple Pharaohs ruling Egypt over the course of the Exodus, which would also explain why he/they are never named.
* HolyBacklight: Moses became glowy from spending so much time in God's direct presence and actually looking upon God Himself.
* HolyGround: TropeNamer.
** Moses sees a burning bush, which tells him to remove his shoes, because he is standing on Holy Ground.
** Prior to the attack on Jericho, Joshua is visited by the Captain of the Lord's Host, and is also told to remove his shoes because he is standing on holy ground.
* HolyIsNotSafe: Exodus 33:20 provides the page quote. Moses asks to see God's face, but He replies that seeing it would kill Moses. God arranges for Moses to see His back instead.
* HonorRelatedAbuse: Pretty much what the law requires against sexual misconduct of a woman (Leviticus 21:9 and Deuteronomy 22:13-21) and disobedient children (Deuteronomy 21:18-21).
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Rahab. She sheltered the Israeli Spies in her home, helping them to take the city of Jericho.
* IgnoredExpert: The Egyptian magicians can replicate the first few tricks and plagues, but when it gets to the gnats they are unable to replicate them and tell Pharoah that it's genuine divine power after all. He ignores them.
* IllegalReligion: The various pagan religions of the Promised Land. In theory, they were to be not only not practiced by the Israelites, but wiped out by them as well (the reasons for this include the pagan religions recurring practices of HumanSacrifice [[KillItWithFire by fire]], [[WouldHurtAChild said sacrifices included]] [[OffingTheOffspring children]], and ritual prostitution). This wasn't so much the case in practice.
* JewishComplaining: The Israelites, but this didn't please God whatsoever. Bad water, lack of food, lack of water, eating the same food over and over, having to go around Edom on their journey...
* JewsLoveToArgue: Especially in numbers, the Jews have to keep sending the new laws back to God via Moses for revision. For example, one story (which appears three times: Numbers 27, Numbers 36, and Joshua 17) has a group of five sisters (including the ''other'' biblical Noah) point out that the current way land division is planned cuts their family out on a technicality. Moses takes this to God who declares those plans be revised and the patriarchal tradition be amended.
* JustSoStory: These books explain the origins of the names of places known only to Middle Easterners.
* KillEmAll: Well, all the first-born unprotected by lamb's blood. Also Pharaoh's (or one of the Pharaoh's) plan for the male Hebrew babies.
* KillItWithWater: Drowning Pharaoh's army in the Red Sea.
* LogicBomb: Like Genesis, Jewish tradition holds that Moses wrote the rest of the Pentateuch. However, even the most orthodox of scholars admit that he hardly could have written the last 8 verses of Deuteronomy which report his own death. Thus, those verses were attributed to Joshua instead.
* LyricalDissonance: The song of Moses (Deut. 32:1-43) which was sung as the Israelites finally entered the Promised Land. In the passages beforehand, God had flat out told Moses that his people were going to mess up badly in the end, and gave the song to Moses as a reminder of what they needed to do once that day came to repent. Nevertheless, it's about as uplifting as a kick in the balls.
* MakeAnExampleOfThem: In Exodus 9:15-17, God directly states this as one of the intentions behind His Signs and Wonders (AKA the Plagues of Egypt). Instead of wiping out all of the Egyptians, God is making an example of some of them despite the way they allowed the Hebrews to suffer (with the slavery and killing their male babies).
-->''"For by now I could have stretched out my hand and struck you and your people with a plague that would have wiped you off the earth. But I have raised you up for this very purpose, that I might show you my power and that my name might be proclaimed in all the earth. You still set yourself against my people and will not let them go."''
* ManOnFire: Nadab and Abihu got smoked to a crisp when they offered "strange fire" before the Lord. Later on in the rebellion of Korah, fire also consumed the 250 who offered incense while on the side of the rebels.
* MeaningfulEcho: The generation after Moses crosses the Jordan river in a manner similar to how their parents crossed the Red Sea.
* MercifulMinion: Pharaoh orders the midwives of Egypt to kill any male Hebrews that are born. They refuse to do so, and get away with it by [[BlatantLies lying to Pharaoh]] that, in Hebrew culture, they don't wait for midwives to show up to give birth, or that [[ExpressDelivery they go through the labor-and-delivery process long before the midwife shows up]].
* MosesInTheBulrushes: The TropeNamer; as the Pharaoh's men slaughter the children of the Jews, one of them is saved by being thrown into a basket carried away by the river. Thankfully, the daughter of the Pharaoh found it, who took pity on the child and decided to raise it as her own son: Moses.
* MysticalPlague: A couple of the Plagues of Egypt, which God called to force the Pharaoh to free his Jewish slaves, count: the plague of pestilence (which only affected livestock) and the plague of boils (skin disease).
* NocturnalEmission: Leviticus chapter 15 covers the issue of how the people of Israel were to deal with various bodily discharges, including that of the "seed of copulation". Deuteronomy 23:9-11 specifically deals with this issue when an army goes out against their enemies.
* OffWithHisHead: Joshua decapitates a group of Canaanite kings he has defeated and captured.
* OnlyFatalToAdults: Only those Israelites under the age of 20 make it to the Promised Land, the rest being wiped out by various means as a result of [[JewishComplaining their complaining]]...and the fact that they were a RagTagBunchOfMisfits wandering a vast expanse of desert for 40 years.
* PalsWithJesus: Moses talks to God all the time and spends a lot of time in His presence. He also got to see [[YouCannotGraspTheTrueForm God]]'s back.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: The Hebrew newborn males. At first they were to be killed at the moment they were born, but since the Hebrew midwives feared God and refused to follow that command, the newborn males were to be thrown into the river. Thus in the latter situation Moses was born.
* {{Plunder}}: In Exodus, God has His people Israel plunder the Egyptians by simply having them ask for silver and gold and clothing during the time when the Egyptians suffer during the last plague upon them, since the Egyptians would be in such distress that they would do or give anything to be rid of the Israelites.
* PunishedForSympathy:
** Aaron's two sons, Nadab and Abihu, were burned to death by God because they were offering "strange fire". After this, God invokes this trope by warning Aaron not to mourn their deaths or He will kill him along with the rest of the Israelites.
** The Israelites complained to Moses about God burning 250 of the other Israelites for burning incense. As a result, God becomes enraged and kills 14,700 more of the Israelites.
* RainOfSomethingUnusual:
** In (Exodus 16) the Hebrews subsisted on a bread-like substance that rained from the heavens while they wandered the desert. They called it manna (literally "what is it?") so it must have been pretty nondescript as a foodstuff.
** One of the Ten Plagues of Egypt was a rain of frogs.
* RapePillageAndBurn: What would happen to the Israelites if they ''didn't'' keep God's commands.
* RealityEnsues:
** Moses sees an overseer whipping a Jew and is overcome with rage, killing him. Rather than [[BigDamnHeroes immediately viewing him as an ally]] and savior, this makes the other Jews [[WhatTheHellHero view him as a dangerous murderer]] — the next day, when he confronts one of the Jews about fighting with some other Jew, he asks if Moses is going to kill him, too.
** The Pharaoh let the Israelites go after the 10th plague killed his son. However, once the people are gone, Pharaoh and other officials realized that they just let go all their workers and now they're economically screwed.
* RefusalOfTheCall: Moses [[LameExcuse tries to talk his way out]] of having to lead the Israelites out of Egypt, but God won't take no for an answer.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeVilified: Moses is effectively literature's first bio-terrorist, and takes out his aggression against the government on the civilian population.
* RhetoricalRequestBlunder: In Numbers, the Israelites were too frightened to conquer Canaan, even with God on their side, and declared that they wished they'd died in the desert rather than face this battle. So God ended up leading them in circles in the desert until every man who had said that had actually died in the desert, leaving only the following generation (except for Caleb and Joshua from the previous one) to be the ones God would lead into Canaan in Deuteronomy.
* RockOfLimitlessWater: In one of the earliest examples of this trope, Moses strikes a rock with his staff, and by God's power, a waterfall begins spewing out. This shows up twice, once in Exodus and once in Numbers. The second time it appears, God tells Moses to speak to the rock in order to bring out water. However, Moses gets angry with the Israelites and instead strikes the rock twice. For that action, God tells Moses that he will not be allowed to lead the people into the Promised Land.
* SacredHospitality: Various clans get cursed for not extending it, Israel gets in trouble for being stupid about it (they made a promise they shouldn't have because they didn't consult God), and the laws of the new nation codify being kind to strangers, extending sanctuary for escaped slaves, etc.
* ScryVsScry: Moses against Pharaoh's priests. They turned their staffs into serpents; Moses's staff became a serpent which devoured the others.
* ShotgunWedding: If a man slept with a woman who was ''not'' betrothed to someone else [[note]] If she ''was'' already betrothed to someone else, and she was not heard screaming for help, that was considered to be just plain old adultery and punished accordingly. [[/note]], and someone found out, he was to pay her father the bride price he would have received if she were a virgin and marry her...and he was never allowed to divorce her. (Note that this also applied to ''some'' cases of rape, not just instances of consensual sex.) This was to provide for any child they may have conceived (a very real possibility in an era with no reliable birth control), and to protect the reputation of the woman's family. It also ensured that the woman (who would be considered DefiledForever) would have someone to provide for her. (Women in this time and place were typically not educated, and were economically dependent on their husbands.) It was also designed to help curb temptation: if the man was caught, he was stuck with this woman for life, whether he wanted to be or not; he'd have to decide if it was ''really'' worth it. It may have also helped (via LoopholeAbuse) women have ''some'' say in who their marriage partners were: have sex, tell Daddy what you did, and marry someone of your own choosing (instead of [[ArrangedMarriage whoever your parents picked out for you]]).
* SinisterMinister: A warning from Deuteronomy 13:1-5:
-->''If a prophet or a dreamer of dreams arises among you and gives you a sign or a wonder, and the sign or the wonder comes to pass concerning that which he spoke to you, saying, “Let us go after other gods,” which you have not known, “and let us serve them,” you must not listen to the words of that prophet or that dreamer of dreams, for the Lord your God is testing you, to know whether you love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul. You must follow after the Lord your God, fear Him, and keep His commandments, obey His voice, and you must serve Him, and cling to Him. That prophet or that dreamer of dreams must be put to death because he has spoken in order to turn you away from the Lord your God, who brought you out of the land of Egypt and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to entice you away from the way in which the Lord your God commanded you to walk. So you must put the evil away from your midst.''
* SinsOfOurFathers: Deuteronomy 24:16 says that sons must not be executed by sins of their fathers nor vice versa.
* SmiteMeOMightySmiter: In Numbers 11:15, Moses tells God to just kill him if he has to deal with the people of Israel complaining about eating only manna in the desert.
* StubbornMule: The prophet Balaam being hired out to curse the Israelites struggles with a stubborn mule, until the mule is granted the ability to speak and reveals that she was trying to protect her master from a vengeful angel.
* TakeAThirdOption: Joshua meets a stranger after prayer. He demands to know whether the stranger is an enemy or an ally. The stranger replies: "Neither, I'm here to command you." Joshua realizes [[GodWasMyCopilot Who he's talking to]].
* TakeThat: The Plagues were this to the [[Myth/EgyptianMythology Egyptian Pantheon]].
* TenMinuteRetirement: Well, forty years for Moses, but to God it might as well have been 10 minutes.
* TitleDrop: The Jewish names for the various books (except Joshua) are simply a word that appears in the first line of each book. The book Exodus for example in Jewish is called שמת (pronounced ''sh'moth''), which translated simply means "[the] names". The first line of Exodus is "And these are the names of the sons of Yitzra'el."
* TorchesAndPitchforks: The crowds have a tendency to get a little volatile whenever things don't go exactly their way.
* ToThePain: Leviticus 26:14-39 and Deuteronomy 28:15-68 has a list of unpleasant things that God will do to His people if they don't obey His commandments.
* UncleanlinessIsNextToUngodliness: Many of the laws deal with ritual (and physical) impurity, and the two tend to be linked.
* WizardDuel:
** Aaron duels against the Pharaoh by turning his MagicStaff into a snake, and the Pharaoh sends his own sorcerers to turn their staves into snakes. However, Aaron's snake swallowed the Pharaoh's snakes.
** The Ten Plagues incident also involves Moses dueling against Egyptian sorcerers, but it only lasts until the plague of lice, when the Egyptian magicians try to mimic the plague but prove unable to.
* WouldHurtAChild:
** God's killing of the firstborn of Egypt.
** The laws in which children are to be stoned to death for being disobedient to their parents.
** The Pharoah who ordered ''the male babies of Hebrew slaves killed''; the reason Moses' parents to [[MosesInTheBulrushes had to hide him in the basket of reeds in the first place]].
* WouldBeRudeToSayGenocide: The conquest of Canaan. The book more or less explicitly states that with a few exceptions, the Israelites systematically exterminated the population (including civilians, children, and even livestock) of the country and did so righteously. [[ValuesDissonance Of course, pretty much every tribe behaved back then like that.]]
* YoYoPlotPoint: The people anger God, He decides to exterminate them, Moses convinces Him to be merciful. [[AesopAmnesia The Israelites soon sin again...]]
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