''Balzac and the Little Chinese Seamstress'' is a novel written in 2000 by Dai Sijie, which he adapted himself to movie format in 2002.

In 1971, Luo and Ma, two college students, are sent for ideological reeducation to Phoenix Mountain, a remote part of rural Sichuan. There they are required to perform manual labor until such time as the authorities decide. One day they meet the Little Seamstress, the granddaughter of the local tailor, and decide to awaken her to the beauty of literature. They give her books by various "forbidden" authors, among whom Creator/HonoreDeBalzac.

At first their relationship is strictly platonic, but Luo and the Little Seamstress become intimate, to the silent resentment of Ma who was also developing romantic feelings for the young woman. When she turns out to be pregnant, it is Ma who arranges for her to have a discreet abortion.

The village folks learn to appreciate the two students' storytelling skills. They charge them with going to neighboring towns when a movie is playing, and then retell it to them. With the help of the Little Seamstress, they turn the retellings into quasi-performance art.

Eventually, they are successful in making the Little Seamstress curious about high culture. What they didn't expect is that she acts out on that curiosity by leaving the village and moving off to the city.

In the film adaptation, we see how Luo and Ma turned out. They were finally allowed to resume their studies, graduated from university, and had successful professional lives. Ma became an internationally famous violin player. Decades later, he returned to the village where he and Luo had met the Little Seamstress, just as it was about to be flooded by the reservoir of a dam.

!!Contains examples of:

* ArtisticLicenseTraditionalChristianity mixed with ChristianityIsCatholic: The Protestant Pastor who was sweeping the streets was found with a Bible written in Latin.
* UsefulNotes/CulturalRevolution: this story take place after this event.
* CulturePolice: The only books allowed are the technical and scientific ones, or those redacted by foreign Maoists such as Hoxha.
** The reason why Four-Eyes hid his books.
** In the beginning, the villagers want to destroy Ma's violin.
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler:Luo and Ma never see the Little Seamstress again.]]
* BlindWithoutEm: Four-Eyes.
* BookBurning: [[spoiler:Ma burns all the books after the departure of Little Seamstress]]
%%* DidNotGetTheGirl
* DistantFinale: The film adaptation adds to the original story an extra part taking place 30 years later.
* EveryoneCallsHimBarkeep: Everyone calls her the Little Seamstress.
** Also Four-Eyes, theChief, the old Miller and others.
* GoodGirlsAvoidAbortion: Avoided. The abortion does take place.
* LifeImitatesArt: InUniverse, after being read ''Literature/TheCountOfMonteCristo'', the old tailor starts designing clothes with anchors and French motifs in them.
* LoveTriangle: Luo, Ma and the Little Seamstress.
* OutdoorBathPeeping: When Luo and Ma first see the Little Seamstress, she's bathing in a stream with other young women.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: When you're being reeducated in Maoist China, every official you meet will be one of those.
* TwoPersonPoolParty: The old miller observes Luo and The Little Seamstress having one in the book.
* ScrewTheRulesIHaveMoney: It is normally forbidden to slaughter an ox, except in cases where the animal is gravely wounded; [[spoiler: Four-Eyes's mother pays the Chief so that an ox "accidentally" fell and get gravely hurt, requiring his killing and making its meat available for the farewell banquet]].
* UnusualEuphemism: "The secret part of his body was shrunken and sleeping".
* WorkingClassPeopleAreMorons