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The '''Marsupilami''' is a fictional animal species starring in two Belgian comic book series that got adapted twice into an animated series. Marsupilamis are monkeylike, black-spotted yellow creatures with an insanely long prehensile tail, from the BananaRepublic of Palombia.

Marsupilamis were created by Creator/AndreFranquin for the ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio'' album ''Spirou et les héritiers'' (''Spirou and the Heirs'') in 1956. Capturing one of these elusive and fictional critters was the goal of one the trials the title heirs were tasked to do to receive their inheritance. The captured marsupilami (nicknamed "[[SpeciesSurname the Marsupilami]]") became a TeamPet for the duration of Franquin's run, serving as PluckyComicRelief, BigGuy and DeusExMachina, thanks to his [[NewPowersAsThePlotDemands ever-expanding]] list of anatomical peculiarities. When Franquin left the series, he kept the rights to the species, and the appearances of the Marsupilami dwindled in his birth series, before finally stopping in 1970. He remains one of the [[EnsembleDarkhorse most popular characters]] of the series.

In 1987, Franquin decided to create his own publishing company, Marsu Production, and launched a [[SpinOff spin-off]] comic about a family of marsupilamis, unrelated to Spirou's pet. They too started in ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio'', being the subject of a [[ShowWithinAShow documentary within the series]] in the album ''Le nid des marsupilamis'' (''The Marsupilamis' Nest''). Mainly drawn by Franquin's assistant, Batem (Luc Collin), the series counts 22 albums in 2009 and is geared toward a younger readership than ''ComicBook/SpirouAndFantasio''.

In 1992, a first AnimatedAdaptation was launched. Produced by {{Disney}}, it only lasted a season and had little in common with the original, [[InNameOnly beside the name and the general appearance of the hero]]. The title Marsupilami could talk and was a laid-back [[DeadpanSnarker smartass]] rather than a [[UnstoppableRage volatile]] PapaWolf. All of the supporting cast was original. He was accompanied by his buddy, a big ape named Maurice, and met a lot of [[MisplacedWildlife African animals]].

A second cartoon was created in 2000 by a French production company. Much closer to the original than the Disney one in the first season, it was rechristened ''My Friend Marsupilami'' for the second season and centered upon a French human family that came to live in the middle of the Amazonian forest to study the marsupilamis.

In 2012, a French live-action movie, ''Film/SurLaPisteDuMarsupilami'' (''On the trail of the Marsupilami'') was released. Loosely based on the Franquin comics, it tells the story of a French reporter and his guide, who stumble upon the legendary Marsupilami.

And yes, that's two characters, one comic, one film, two cartoons and a publishing house all named Marsupilami.

!!The ''Marsupilami'' provides examples of the following tropes:

* AppliedPhlebotinum: Is there anything the Marsupilamis' tails are ''not'' good for? They can use it as a lasso, as a fist, as a big spring they can jump on... In fact, the Marsupilami ''himself'' can be categorized as an AppliedPhlebotinum in the ''Spirou'' series. How many times has he conveniently revealed NewPowersAsThePlotDemands?
* BreakoutCharacter: As explained above, the Marsupilami started out as the TeamPet of Spirou and Fantasio.
* {{Badass}}: Marsu eats piranhas and killer ants, [[SuperStrength rips trees out of the ground]], and punches out lions and crocodiles, to the point where he is the most feared creature in the jungle. Yeah, he qualifies. And he [[CurbStompBattle savagely beats up a martial arts master]] who he saw as a threat to his masters, the two of them stopping him just shortly before he killed him.
* BananaRepublic: The marsupilamis live in the jungles of Palombia, a Latin-American country with a chronically unstable government.
* CartoonCreature: The title characters.
* CartoonyTail: Of course.
* {{Catchphrase}}: "Houba!" (the full phrase is "houba houba hop!"), present in both comic and animated series. Female marsupilamies go "Houbi!" and juveniles "Bi!" [[ComingOfAgeStory It's a big deal]] when they graduate to the adult versions. It's nearly the only syllables they can ever utter, although it depends on the material. Franquin's work on ''Spirou'' has the Marsupilami growling, roaring and making all sorts of noises beside "Houba!" He could even [[PollyWantsAMicrophone mimic human speech like a parrot]], a trait rarely used in other adaptation. In the Disney series, His other phrase besides "HOUBA!" is "I'm Marsupilami, And this is my gorilla pal, Maurice!"
* DistaffCounterpart: The Marsupilamie
* FlowerInHerHair: The main {{Tertiary Sexual Characteristic|s}} of Marsupilamies.
* GreenAesop: Destroying the Amazonian rainforest is bad, mmkay?
* TheKiddieRide: From the makers of the offensive WesternAnimation/DonaldDuck ride, in the same [[http://farm4.static.flickr.com/3462/3376244737_0a34cc48dc.jpg offensive pose]]. Pass the BrainBleach, please!
* NaturalWeapon: The Marsupilami's tail is as good as one.
* {{Portmanteau}}: "Marsupilami" is one of the words "marsupial", ''Pilou-Pilou'' (the French name for ''Eugene the Jeep'', a character Franquin loved as a kid) and "ami", French for "friend".

!!Tropes specific to the ''Marsupilami'' comics and the French cartoon:

* TheChewToy: Bring M. Backalive
* GreatWhiteHunter: Backalive only wishes he could be one.
* MeaningfulName: Bring M. Backalive is a hunter whose obsession is to capture a living marsupilami. Counts as a BilingualBonus as well, for its French readers.
* JungleJapes: The deep Palombian jungle where the Marsupilamis live.
* PapaWolf: You do not wanna touch Marsu's babies.
* PandaingToTheAudience: One adventure is about a baby panda.
* PiranhaProblem: Marsu '''eats''' them.
* RidiculouslyCuteCritter: The baby marsupilamis, Bibu, [[TheSmurfettePrinciple Bibi]] and Bobo, [[http://1c.img.v4.skyrock.net/8396/24378396/pics/1650426260.jpg especially in the animated series]].
* TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation

!!Tropes specific to the Disney cartoon:

* BadlyBatteredBabysitter: Marsupilami and Maurice babysat the Three Baby Monkeys in the episode: "Hey, Hey, They're the Monkeys!"
* BigGuyLittleGuy: Maurice and Marsupilami respectively.
* TheCameo: Disney had the character show up in commercial bumpers on WesternAnimation/TheDisneyAfternoon in the 1991-92 season, a year prior to the premiere of ''WesternAnimation/RawToonage''.
* CanonImmigrant: All the characters (besides Marsupilami) from the Disney series.
* DeadpanSnarker: Marsupilami, sometimes leads to SnarkToSnarkCombat between him and Norman.
* EverythingsBetterWithMonkeys: Maurice the gorilla.
* LogoJoke: In the episode "Toucan Always Get What You want", Maurice grabs the Rainbow Tail Peacock of ''Creator/{{NBC}}''-TV Network to hide himself from Eduardo as Marsupilami hides from a tree.
* MisplacedWildlife: The Disney series has this a lot.
* TheRenaissanceAgeOfAnimation
* ShoutOut: In the Disney Series, Four jungle men who sound like Music/TheBeatles are based on the four cavemen from the classic Disney short Toot, Whistle, Plunk and Boom.
* SickEpisode: Jungle Fever (where Marsupilami tries to cure Maurice from his cold).
* TheSpeechless: Maurice from the Disney series, who grunts.
* TalkingAnimal: In the Disney version, Marsupilami can talk and not just say "Houba!"
* VoiceOverTranslation: In Russia, A Russian male voice actor translate the dialog and keeps the English soundtrack as background noises.
* WhyDoYouKeepChangingJobs: Norman, the Antagonist of the Disney series.