[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/logo_bioshocl_5337.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:''"There's always a lighthouse. There's always a man, there's always a city..."]]''
'''''[=BioShock=]''''' is a {{video game}} series developed by Creator/IrrationalGames (also known as 2K Boston for a short while before reverting back to the old name). The series acts as a SpiritualSuccessor to the ''VideoGame/SystemShock'' games, and as such are technically [[FirstPersonShooter First Person Shooters]] with StatGrinding elements. Fighting is done primarily with guns, but also with various element-themed mutant abilities.

''[=BioShock=]'' takes place in an alternative history BioPunk with a heavy dose of DieselPunk. Similarly to ''System Shock'', the plot unfolds in a SoiledCityOnAHill, now under the control of a lunatic with a God complex. Again, the general backstory of the city elaborated on in ApocalypticLogs scattered about. There are heavy ethical or philosophical themes in the games this time around: The first two chapters meditate on the ethics of stem cell research, {{Objectivism}} versus Collectivism, and innate human power-drive which overrides good sense, among other things.

The third chapter deals with issues such as American Exceptionalism, interventionism, fundamentalism, secularism, and a great many more "isms", plus the tendency of revolutions to replace one tyrant with another.

There are three games in the series so far:
* ''VideoGame/BioShock1'': Released in 2007. After his plane crashes over the Atlantic Ocean in 1960, our protagonist, Jack, stumbles upon the underwater city of Rapture: an Objectivist utopia that has descended into chaos after the residents began mining a PsychoSerum from the ocean floor. With the help of RebelLeader Atlas and a defector scientist, Brigid Tenenbaum, Jack must stop Rapture's Mayor and his army of mutant "Splicers". To do this, Jack will have to harness the Splicers' power, which can only be harvested through [[HumanResources morally dubious means]]. A {{prequel}} novel titled ''Literature/BioShockRapture'' was released in 2011.
* ''VideoGame/BioShock2'': Released in 2010, but developed by 2K Marin instead of directly by Irrational. Eight years after the events of ''[=BioShock=]'', in 1968, Rapture has been taken over by Sofia Lamb, a staunch Collectivist who has declared [[TheEvilsOfFreeWill war on free will]] and set up a cult centered around her daughter Eleanor. The player controls a RogueDrone named Subject Delta (one of the Big Daddy mooks from the previous game), who is reprogrammed by Eleanor to rescue her from her mother. Of course, no ''{{Terminator}}'' yarn would be complete with a malevolent [[DistaffCounterpart female counterpart]], Big Sister.
* ''VideoGame/BioShockInfinite'': Released in 2013, and set in a [[AlternateUniverse different universe]] than the first two previous games (a point which [[HistoryRepeats comes into play later]]). A down-and-out detective named Booker [=DeWitt=] is sent to the floating city of Columbia to rescue a girl named Elizabeth. Easy money, right? Unfortunately the city has erupted in a massive civil war between the Ultranationalist Founders and the rebellious Vox Populi, and Elizabeth is guarded by the giant clockwork Songbird.
** ''[=BioShock=] Infinite: Burial at Sea'': A {{crossover}} [[DownloadableContent DLC]] which introduces Booker and Elizabeth to the Rapture universe. This alternate version of Booker is still a private eye, now of the [[HardboiledDetective hard-boiled]] variety. He's itching to leave town, but Andrew Ryan's strict isolationist policy prohibits it - That is, until he accepts a case from Elizabeth (now a classic FemmeFatale) in Apollo Square. Just don't [[WhenTheClockStrikesTwelve look at the calendar]].

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!!The game series includes the tropes:

* AdamSmithHatesYourGuts
** Justified, since Rapture's regulation-free economy means that shopkeepers can charge people for weaponry to defend themselves during a civil war. Subverted, since you can hack most of the game's vending machines to get yourself greatly reduced prices. In an audio diary, Andrew Ryan even complains that hacking of the vending machines undermines Rapture's capitalist values. It also shows up in places where businesses ''will'' rip-off their customers, like a fancy theater or lounge - a snack bar, even when hacked, sells for the "low, low" price of $80. Also justified in that there are no shopkeepers in the desolate Rapture, so there is no economy to begin with. Player characters can buy anything only by using vending machines that have predetermined prices.
** One of the loading screens in the first game has a quote from the owner of Circus of Values (the vending machines): "Do we overcharge the suckers? Sure we do. Where else are they gonna go?"
** Also in Columbia, since, barring the beginning of the game, Booker is seen as TheAntichrist, so the vending machines could quite literally hate his guts. [[CharmPerson Possession]] fixes that.
* AlcoholHic: When you grab two beverages in quick succession and, as a result, get momentarily drunk.
* AluminumChristmasTrees: The idea to creating an undersea city isn't too far fetched, and there are in fact underwater hotels. In fact, the tech has been around for quite a while. As for Rapture and Columbia, there's been an idea to combine the two, basically traveling ocean countries that goes via Libertarian principles, such as Laissez-faire. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hf3TCNjyshc See here]]
** Also noteworthy is the fact that the design for the Splicers in Bioshock 1 and 2 was based on the real life work of Dr. Harold Gillies, a post UsefulNotes/WW1 surgeon who practiced many surgeries on disfigured veterans. His intentions were to make them feel less ostracized by society, to do so he created a face from the remaining tissue as well as prosthetics. His work was revolutionary for his time, getting him hailed as "the father of plastic surgery." However, his works seem pretty primitive and borderline macabre now. A gallery is available but fair warning; it's fairly Squick-y [[http://gilliesarchives.org.uk/pcofweek.htm]]
** Also building an objectivist (or in this case Libertarian) haven in the middle of the ocean has been attempted before with micro nation of Minerva. Minerva was a plan to build a large city on top of the Minerva reefs, which may or may not be in international waters. Before the project got under way it was shut down by Fiji who claims the reefs as their own.
* ApocalypticLog: Scattered throughout both Rapture and Columbia are audio journals by the city's inhabitants. The information revealed within ranges from the useful (lock combinations) to the informative (who the main characters are and how Rapture got this way) to the disturbing (the reason why there are two corpses embracing on a bed next to a bottle of pills).
* TheApunkalypse: Rapture in a nutshell. Failed [[DieselPunk anachronistic 1940's]] [[OceanPunk civilization under the sea]]? Check. Said civilization sparsely populated by marauding mutant junkies looking for a fix from a [[BioPunk genetic wonder drug]]? Check. One man forced to fight against these junkies and avoid an [[BigBrotherIsWatching Orweillian Surveillance Government]]? You bet.
** Columbia, though still a SoiledCityOnAHill, partially averts this by appearing at least superficially functional. However, when [[spoiler:Booker and Elizabeth enter the third tear into a universe where the Vox Populi's revolution is successful,]] this trope is in full effect.
* {{Autodoc}}: Automatic medical machines. They charge you cash, but will heal you completely; however enemies can also use them. You can also hack them so they'll give you a discount and kill any enemies who try to heal with it. Destroying them causes them to drop first aid kits.
* AxCrazy: Almost everyone in Rapture, and a fair number of people in Columbia.
* BigBad
** In the first ''[=BioShock=]'', Andrew Ryan, followed by [[spoiler: Frank Fontaine]].
** In the second, Sofia Lamb. Despite player suspicions and audio recordings of him basically stating he's about as ruthless as Frank Fontaine ''and'' an unscrupulous company, [[spoiler:Sinclair isn't this.]]
** In ''Infinite'', it's between [[BigBadEnsemble Zachary Comstock and Daisy Fitzroy]], [[spoiler: though Daisy leaves the picture pretty early]].
* BigBrotherIsWatching
** Rapture is dotted with security cameras, and if one gets a long enough glimpse of you it dispatches combat drones to put you down. On the upside you can hack said cameras so that enemies trigger the drone attacks. ''[=BioShock 2=]'' features this trope even more directly as it sometimes has voices warning you over the loudspeaker that "Big ''Sister'' is Watching You!", along with graffiti warning that "LAMB IS WATCHING".
** Columbia is similar, since the people ''are'' that paranoid and jingoistic. It's why the Motorized Patriot has a GatlingGood gun.
* BigEater: Disposable food items are used instantly and there are no consumption limits. This is okay for, for example, a Pep Bar, but reaches the point of "grotesque superpower" when Delta, Booker, or Jack manages to bolt down an entire potted steak or drink a whole bottle of moonshine, three Arcadia Merlot bottles and a shelf of vodka roughly one second per bottle, or chew their way through an entire storeroom full of supplies just because they can - especially Delta, who's wearing a ''sealed diving helmet''. Mitigated somewhat by any sort of alcoholic drink, if you drink two or more in quick succession you'll experience some serious beer goggle effects.
* BioAugmentation
** Plasmids and gene tonics in Rapture.
** Vigors and Infusions in Columbia.
* BioPunk: But of course! The turrets and cameras also have a DieselPunk vibe.
* BlatantItemPlacement
** Averted. Much of the weapons and ammo you pick up are either scattered around as a result of a civil war, or found in stashes in offices or weapons lockers. Other things like your {{improvised weapon}}s are constructed out of mundane materials.
** Played straight in ''Infinite'' where you can find ammo for your guns in places like inside picnic baskets in a crowded beach.
* BloodyHandprint
* BodyHorror
** Splicers are marred by bloated tumors or lesions or twisted limbs, and looking at some of the Big Daddy suits it's impossible to imagine a normal person fitting in them. This is because the person in question has [[{{Squick}} had their flesh removed and organs welded into the inside of the suit.]] Spider Splicers have decayed even further in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' and barely look human anymore, while the new Brute Splicers are so beefed up on gene tonics that skin and muscle grew over their clothing.
** Vigors in Columbia have similar effects to ADAM use, and that's not even getting into [[TragicMonster the Handymen]].
* BrandX: concept art for the creme-filled cake boxes has the cakes looking exactly like Twinkies. The final in-game art reduces the resemblance, possibly to reduce risk of trademark lawsuits.
* BrassBalls: Two of the games use this as a name for an achievement in some way. The first game has 'Brass Balls' which requires you to finish the game on Hard difficulty without using any Vita-Chambers. The second game has 'Big Brass Balls' which only requires you to complete the game without using any Vita-Chambers.
* BrainwashedAndCrazy: Hardcore Objectivist Andrew Ryan, desperate to win Rapture's civil war, resorted to pheromones to control his population, with the justification that if Atlas won they'd be no better off than slaves anyway.
* BribingYourWayToVictory: A bizarre in-universe example. Thanks to the hyper capitalist nature of Rapture, you can literally buy the security systems that are supposed to be keeping you out and use them on enemies instead.
* CannedOrdersOverLoudspeaker: From the corny "Rapture Reminders" and other {{Public Service Announcement}}s in the first game to Sofia Lamb's unnerving "inspirational" speeches in the second game.
* CatchAndReturn: Telekinesis lets you pitch most projectiles back at the one that threw them. This is harder to do in some cases; Rosie mines, for example, anchor themselves to the floor when they land.
* CentralTheme: [[AnAesop The dangers of extremism]]. [[SpaceWhaleAesop And of wanton genetic modification]], but mostly extremism.
* CharmPerson: Hypnotize type plasmids, and the Possession Vigor.
* ClingyCostume: The Big Daddies are grafted into their diving suits, though fortunately for two characters who voluntarily don similar outfits it doesn't appear to be necessary to wear them. Handymen, on the other hand, ''are'' their suits to some degree.
* ClosedCircle: Rapture is under the sea, so it's pretty inescapable except for the one bathysphere. Columbia is the same in the sky.
* ConvenientColorChange: When you successfully hack a turret.
* CrapsackWorld
* CruelAndUnusualDeath: Getting shot to pieces by a machine gun or taking a wrench to the frontal lobe are probably the least painful ways to die in Rapture. At least they beat being burned, drilled, electrocuted, drowned, telekinetically hurled, and/or beaten to death.
* CueTheSun: The better endings take place as dawn breaks.
* DeathIsASlapOnTheWrist: A light slap at that thanks to the Vita-Chambers scattered throughout the levels. Unlike most other games, respawning doesn't even cost any resources. The sequel acknowledges this when the villain admits that the best she can do is slow you down [[spoiler:and attempts to get rid of you permanently by destroying all the Vita-Chambers in the area via crush depth.]] Unless, of course, you turn them off for an achievement run. This also applies in ''Infinite'', and in most cases it will show Elizabeth reviving you.
* {{Defictionalization}}: Played for [[ShoutOut awesome laughs]]. Website/{{Google}} [[https://maps.google.com/maps?q=63%C2%B0+2%27+N,+29%C2%B0+55%27+W 63° 2' N, 29° 55' W]]
** [[http://static.fjcdn.com/large/pictures/90/8e/908e17_205439.jpg Now]] on Google Earth!
* {{Dystopia}}
* EnclosedSpace: Mostly of the Underwater Base variety.
* EvilVersusEvil: Andrew Ryan versus Frank Fontaine. Andrew Ryan versus Sofia Lamb. Daisy Fitzroy versus Zachary Comstock.
* EvolvingAttack
** The original let you upgrade your elemental plasmids to deal more damage, but the sequel really expands on it - your Electro Bolt, for example, becomes a chargeable {{chain lightning}} attack at level 2, and at level 3 the charge becomes its normal function while the new charge lets you spray a torrent of electricity from your fingertips.
** ''Infinite'' instead has each Vigor upgraded separately according to user preference, with an "aid" or a lowered Salts cost, though both can be learned.
* FalseUtopia: Rapture and Columbia.
* FlushingEdgeInteractivity: The toilets, sinks, and bathtub fixtures all work, and are equally pointless.
* {{Foreshadowing}}: The games are loaded with foreshadowing. See their entries for more.
* GeneticEngineeringIsTheNewNuke: Gene Tonics let you turn invisible, teleport, recharge health by hacking machinery, or [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking take better pictures]], while Plasmids allow you to hurl energy, toss objects with your mind, or [[BeeBeeGun turn your hand into a hornet nest]]. Vigors, if they work the same way, do similar things.
* GeniusBruiser: All three protagonists have good hacking and puzzle-solving abilities, in addition to being good with firearms.
* GreenRocks: The sea slugs gained the ability to generate ADAM from a large, [[SicklyGreenGlow glowing]] biomass. It can be seen under Persephone.
* GreyAndGrayMorality: And how. While you may find it hard to justify the actions of Lamb, Ryan and Fontaine (as well as many other characters), you can make a case that most characters have a FreudianExcuse or are just [[UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans deluded into achieving their philosophy with any means possible]]). The 2K Forums in particular are filled with many debates on the morality of characters.
* HackingMinigame / PipeMania: The vending machines (among other things) can be hacked.
* HairRaisingHare: Some splicers wear bloodied bunny masks, while Sander Cohen is ''fixated'' on rabbits, using rabbit masks in his tableaux and rabbits in his... poetry. See [[MadArtist the page]] for his work.
* TheHeroDies: [[spoiler: Every game in the series (including DLC) ends with the death of the protagonist. The only exception is Subject Sigma from the Minerva's Den DLC to ''Bioshock 2''. At least Jack in ''Bioshock 1'' does get to live peacefully for a decent number of years before apparently dying of accelerated aging, whereas every protagonist from ''Bioshock 2'' onwards dies immediately and messily at the end of their adventure.]]
* GoryDiscretionShot
** A form of ''Non''-Gory Discretion Shot in the form of all-concealing green mist is used the moment you actually harvest a Little Sister.
** Interestingly, in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', you have an opportunity to see what happens when somebody else attacks and harvests a Little Sister, and they too are surrounded by an evil-looking pea-green fog.
* HarderThanHard: The {{Playstation 3}} port, in addition to the Easy, Medium, and Hard difficulties, has Survivor, which is described on the difficulty selection screen as "every bullet counts." They mean it. In this mode, enemies can do some serious damage to you and nearly all of your plasmids consume a lot more EVE. And to add to the fun, two of the trophies forces you to play the game on this difficulty. The first trophy requires you to simply finish the game. The second trophy requires you to finish the game '''without''' using Vita-Chambers. Said trophies are respectively called [[IronicEcho "A Man Chooses" and "I Chose The Impossible"]] Though not the same difficulty, the {{Xbox 360}} version similarly has Achievements for just finishing the game on Hard ("Seriously Good At This") and without using any Vita-Chambers ("Brass Balls").
* HatePlague: The Enrage plasmid lets you throw a squishy, organic ConflictBall at foes, turning them into berserk team-killers.
* HealingFactor: The Little Sisters, justified due to the [=ADAM=] in their system. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4BMmUEaAKSI Deconstructed in the second game:]] overly fast healing of broken bones often means [[RequiredSecondaryPower they don't set properly]], so they have to be re-broken several times to be put back into place.
* HeroicMime
** Jack, the protagonist of the first game, has exactly two lines in total, both in the opening cutscene. Lampshaded in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', with one of Father Wales' audio diaries describing Jack as a silent and mysterious Messiah figure; "Then, though he spake not a word..." The second game's protagonist, being a Big Daddy, straddles the line between this and TheUnintelligible; distorted but vaguely-human grunts and roars, and not much else.
** Averted in ''Infinite'' where Booker frequently talks to himself and other characters throughout the game.
* HiddenElfVillage
** Deconstructed. If Andrew Ryan's fear of discovery by the surface nations hadn't made Rapture into one of these, there would have been no black market for Frank Fontaine to control. For a captain of industry, Ryan [[YouFailEconomicsForever was blind to basic economics]] - demands ''will'' be supplied, laws only make them more expensive.
** Averted in ''Infinite''. Everyone knows about Columbia, as it was designed as a showcase of American ingenuity, and therefore ''meant'' to be showed off. It was only after the Boxer Rebellion and its subsequent secession from the United States that it closed itself to the rest of the world.
* HideYourChildren: Pointedly averted; whether to kill the Little Sisters is the primary moral decision the player is given. There are no other children around though, meaning no boys at all. The closest thing are the Pigskins, who resemble scared teenage boys wearing football gear.
* HighVoltageDeath: Throughout the series, any enemies hit by electricity in water are instantly killed.
* HollywoodCB: Sort of. Your radio, which everybody can tap into (or jam) at the proper time.
* HumanPopsicle: Courtesy of the Ice plasmids, which can lead to a case of IceBreaker.
* HumanResources: ADAM, when harvested from dead bodies.
* HyperactiveMetabolism
** There are a number of comestibles that will restore your health and [[ManaMeter EVE]] meters, but only by a very small amount. Eating snacks such as potato chips and cream-filled cakes gives you health, while drinking coffee gives you EVE, and eating a "pep bar" gives you a smidgen each of health and EVE. Meanwhile, smoking cigarettes will give you a bit of EVE at the cost of some health, while drinking alcohol will give you a bit of health at the cost of some EVE. The gene tonic Extra Nutrition will give you more health from consumables, and the gene tonic Booze Hound causes you to gain EVE instead of losing it when drinking booze.
** There is, however, a mild disincentive to drinking alcohol for health—drink too much in too short a time and the corners of the screen will become fuzzy and your movements will become drunken wobbles for a minute or two.
** ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' superficially expanded the set of consumable items, adding not only more mundane food items like canned goods and cola but vitamins, aspirin, fresh water, and something called "Doc Hollcroft's Cure-All", which restores both health and EVE despite being, as an audio diary on the website reveals, a placebo.
** ''VideoGame/BioShockInfinite'' expands this even more and you rely on the food since you can't store medkits any more. Some drinks restore Salt, smoking restores some Salt at the cost of health, drinking alcohol has the opposite effect. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HXv4vsbIMts And of course]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X4sTH2SSlxk there's absolutely no limit]] [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O3DHGGBCSdw to how much you can eat or drink.]]
* HyperspaceArsenal
** Maybe there's a gene tonic that gives people personal pocket dimensions.
** ''VideoGame/BioShockInfinite'' averts this, as the player can only carry two guns at once.
* {{Hypocrite}}
** Andrew Ryan. ''Nominally'' an [[{{UsefulNotes/Objectivism}} Objectivist]], but he ends up nationalizing industries, restricting free speech, killing ideological opponents and ultimately (according to Diane [=McClintock=]) believing more in power over others than his nominal philosophy.
*** Ryan is more of a subversion, especially when one considers the very likely idea that he's taken Objectivism to its logical if excessive conclusion: that he did ''everything'' for his own benefit. Add in the point of altruism being considered anathema to personal self-interest and the emphasis on "looking out for number one," it becomes clears that Rapture wasn't meant to be a charitable refuge for the world's elite. In other words he ''is'' [[spoiler:or rather ''was'']] Rapture and that [[ItsAllAboutMe all that mattered to him was ''himself.'']] Everyone else in the city was simply invited to try their luck in his glorified playpen.
** In ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', Sofia Lamb practices her philosophy [[{{Deconstruction}} in a brutally consistent fashion]] [[spoiler: until the end of the game, where she's quite happy to doom The Family to a watery grave while she makes her escape on a submersible]]. Also justified, as [[spoiler:she had no intention of actually saving the people of Rapture, only in stabilizing it long enough to extract all the ADAM she could]].
** As you start getting closer to [[spoiler:Fontaine]], he starts complaining about your "betrayal", insisting that "nobody told you nothing but lies" and referring to himself as "family".
** Comstock is this in so many ways. First he is an ultra-nationalist who seceded from the very nation that he claims to love (claiming, of course, that they betrayed ''him''). Second, though he professes to champion all that is White, Anglo-Saxon and Protestant in the face of heathen Catholics and/or foreigners, he fills Columbia with images of angels and the Founders to the point of idolatry. In one audio log, he rages about [[spoiler:being accused of having Native American ancestry...apparently, he was so desperate to deny this that he burned hundreds of Native American families alive.]]
* HypocriticalHumor / {{Irony}} - many of the splicers really don't know what they have become
--> '''Brute Splicer:''' You ain't natural!
--> '''Female Splicer:''' Freak!
--> '''Another Female Splicer:''' YOU'RE INSANE!
* AnIcePerson: Martin Finnegan, and the ice-element Houdini Splicers found later in the game. You can turn an enemy into a HumanPopsicle in either game with [[FreezeRay Winter Blast]] and other attacks.
* ImAHumanitarian: If you find a kitchen, odds are good that there's a human body on the table or counter. Probably necessary due to Rapture's food production breaking down, plus it's a way to recycle that sweet, sweet [=ADAM=]. Spider-splicer hearts can also be used as medpacks.
* InterfaceScrew: Walk under a leak or down too much booze and your screen will go funny for a moment. A more gameplay-related variety occurs late in the game when [[spoiler:you drink the first dose of the antidote to Fontaine's mind control]].
* InterfaceSpoiler: Your suspiciously empty weapon wheel and equally empty level menu can give away that YourPrincessIsInAnotherCastle.
* ItemAmplifier: The game has the plasmids Booze Hound and EVE Link, which add [[{{Mana}} EVE]] regeneration with the use of health items (though you still get blurred vision from drinking too much). The Medical Expert and Extra Nutrition plasmids give more traditional boosts to the effects of health items.
* ItemCrafting: The first game lets you do this with "U-Invent" machines.
* ItsAllAboutMe
** Andrew Ryan. Frank Fontaine. Pretty much everyone in Rapture, really. [[Creator/AynRand That's kinda the point, though]].
-->'''Andrew Ryan''': In the end, the only thing that matters to me, is me. And the only thing that matters to you, is you.
** As regards Ryan in particular, it's hinted by the audio diary "Fontaine Must Go" and the fact that his name is plastered all over the city's signage that his motives in building Rapture were less to do with creating a haven for the world's elite, and more to do with creating a haven for ''himself'' where he could milk the inhabitants for all they're worth... one way or another.
* KarmaMeter: The first one attempted it with the Rescue/Harvest choice for dealing with Little Sisters, and even the game's director admitted the black or white choice was a poor implementation. It was also incredibly harsh: harvest just two out of 21 Little Sisters and you get the evil ending. The sequel seems to go through the motions by giving you the same choices again, just twice, ''but'' there are also three characters whom you can choose to kill or spare, which also affects the ending, giving a total of four; Mother Theresa, baby-eater, ComicBook/JudgeDredd, and IDidWhatIHadToDo (Aka, baby-eating at the weekend).
* KillEmAll
** More or less the Bad ending for both ''VideoGame/BioShock1'' and ''VideoGame/BioShock2''; it's actually quite a [[KarmicDeath karmic ending]] since in both games, the ending reflects your actions during the game.
** In [=BioShock=], of [[LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters an enormous cast]], only [[spoiler:Jack (the player character) and Dr. Tenenbaum]] make it out alive. Sander Cohen has an option to survive, depending on whether Jack wishes to attack him at Fort Frolic or in Olympus Heights. Additionally, nearly all of the audio diary characters (the ones who never appear directly) are found dead in their rooms or impaled on Ryan's grisly trophy wall. In the good ending of [=BioShock=], the little sisters survive with Jack, though they are not significant until the end of the game.
** In [=BioShock=] 2, the nature of this trope can ''really'' vary. Of the significant cast, only two characters will survive no matter what the player does: [[spoiler:Tenenbaum (this time a glorified cameo), and Eleanor]]. On the other hand, only [[spoiler:the Wales brothers and Sinclair]] '' must'' die, so it can also result in a whole lot more survivors -- even Alex the Great, an amphibian-like Splicer who promises to flee into the ocean and not bother you again. However, in Minerva's Den, this trope is successfully averted. No matter what, only [[spoiler:Reed Wahl]] dies; everyone else makes it through.
** [=Infinite=] continures the grand tradition in style [[spoiler:by pulling a RetGone at the end on pretty much everyone, ''definitely'' the entire city. [[HeroicSacrifice By killing]] [[TheHeroDies Booker himself.]]]]
* LagCancel: Fire your crossbow, switch to a plasmid, then switch back to your crossbow and fire it again. Doing this cancels the lengthy animation after firing and lets you spit out your whole clip of bolts in short order.
* LargeHam: Some audio diaries come to mind. For example, ''[[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQls88y-i6w/ Pierre Gobbi is practically chewing on the scenery when expressing his unhappiness about the watered-down wine.]]''. Of course, to a Frenchman wine is SeriousBusiness.
* LastChanceHitPoint: On Easy or Normal, any attack that should kill you (i.e. taking a rocket to the face with only about 10 health left) only bumps you down to 1 health, and you have to take an additional hit to die. ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' takes it even further by [[MercyInvincibility making you invincible for about 1 second after being brought down to 1 health]]. This is disabled on the highest difficulty, however, which makes things a lot harder.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: The entire "[[spoiler: Would You Kindly]]" bit in the first game makes you realize that you were blindly obeying ''the game itself'', not just the command phrase.
* LegoGenetics: There's simply no way that all those superpowers Jack gains could interface with his DNA so easily. The same with all the splicers, but they certainly went crazy enough.
* LighthousePoint: Where Jack and Booker start out and where the second game ends. [[spoiler: As with the recurring concept of 'a man, a lighthouse, and a city' in [=BioShockInfinite=], the game's GainaxEnding involves lighthouses. Lots of lightshouses.]]
* LightningBruiser: It's quite a shock to discover just how fast a Big Daddy can [[BullfightBoss charge across a room]] and flatten you. On the bright side, you get to play as one in the sequel and are just as swift and brutal when you lower your drill and charge. This trend is continued in Infinite: the Handymen's cumbersome-looking metal bodies belie their agility, and even the Motorized Patriots are pretty quick-footed.
* LookOnMyWorksYeMightyAndDespair
** Rapture, what was to be an Objectivist utopia, and now is decidedly not.
** Even more so in the sequel, which in addition to the ever-encroaching decay emphasizes the hubris of Andrew Ryan's ambition...and its fate of eventually being swallowed up by the sea forever.
* MadArtist: Sander Cohen.
* MadScientist
** Dr. Suchong et al. Tenenbaum skirts the line mainly by [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone realizing what she's doing]] and becoming TheAtoner.
** Played with in the case of Gil Alexander who was sure that his next experiment will render him insane. [[spoiler: He's right.]]
** Sofia Lamb is a rare example of a Mad Social Scientist.
* MadnessMantra
** Practically almost all enemy NPC, not to mention Sander Cohen's "The Wild Bunny" audio diary: "''I want to take the ears off but I can't! It's my curse! It's my fucking curse! I want to take the ears off! Please! Take them off! Please!''"
** A notable example are the [=NPCs=] singing "Jesus loves me this I know", since Christianity was supposed to be banned in Rapture, and there are smugglers crates full of nothing but tons and tons of Bibles.
* MagicByAnyOtherName: There's a plasmid/vigor equivalent of just about every standard RPG magic power, as long as you have the [=EVE=]/salts.
* MagicGenetics: There probably isn't a real "shoot lighting from your hand" gene, and ''[=BioShock=]'' shows why we should be thankful for that.
* MainliningTheMonster: The little sisters, creepy shells of the children they once were, are organic factories of ADAM, the substance that powers the gene-manipulating plasmids, drug of choice for the Splicers that inhabit Rapture. Even the player has a choice to harvest them for a bigger payday instead of rescuing them.
* MalevolentMaskedMen: Splicers often wear Mardi Gras-ish masks. Possibly justified, as it's stated in Audio-Logs that everything really went to hell in Rapture on New Year's Day. And considering some of their appearances otherwise...
* MamaBear: The Rosebud Splicer's main reason for the descent into madness and the violence that follows appears to be her search for her missing daughter.
* ManaMeter: EVE, which is used to power plasmids. In ''Infinite'', it's salts, used to power vigors.
* ManipulativeBastard: [[spoiler: Frank Fontaine.]]
* MasterOfUnlocking: All three protagonists, having mastered respectively the specific arts of plumbing and stopping a needle in the right place.
* MayContainEvil: ADAM.
* MeaningfulName: ''All over the place.''
** "Andrew Ryan" may not be an anagram of "Ayn Rand", but it's as close as it needs to be, and "Atlas" is a reference to the novel ''Literature/AtlasShrugged''. However, WordOfGod claims that "Fontaine" being a reference to ''Literature/TheFountainhead'' is just a coincidence.
** Rapture gets bonus points for a [[strike: double]] [[strike:triple]] ''quadruple'' meaning.
*** By itself, the word refers to a state of elevated bliss.
*** Nitrogen narcosis, a psychological condition occasionally experienced by deep-sea divers, is often called "rapture of the deep."
*** Christian belief in the end-times event called The Rapture, which canonically is followed by a thousand-year period of heaven on Earth.
*** Finally, the original meaning of 'rapture', which is "kidnapping" or "snatching", from Latin ''raptus'' -- in the first and second senses, one is caught up or transported by ecstasy, while the third connotes being swept up by God into the Kingdom of Heaven.[[note]]Also potentially of interest, though not of direct significance here: 'rapture' is cognate to 'rape', which originally meant obtaining a wife via kidnapping, and 'raptor', denoting predatory birds which swoop down upon their prey and snatch it up into the sky.[[/note]] Ryan himself chose the name as a BlasphemousBoast (due to his dislike of religion) and in reference to the fact that he was "rapturing" the world's best and brightest.
** Additionally Andrew means 'manly' (from Greek ''andros'', 'man') and Ryan means 'king' (from Gaelic ''rí'', 'king', cognate to Latin ''rex'').
** Atlas [[spoiler: after taking a massive dose of ADAM physically resembles his namesake]], although [[spoiler:Fontaine]] doesn't otherwise fit the John Galt mold all that well.
** 'Sofia' is a direct cognate of Greek ''sophia'', 'wisdom' -- and also of 'sophistry', which is deception by means of specious argument. Lamb is a rather fitting name for someone starting a religious movement originally intended to be benevolent and pacifistic -- and also a homonym of 'lam', as in the old phrase 'on the lam' meaning a fugitive from the authorities.[[note]]'Lamb' is also a good name for someone whose political views are modeled on those of the original communist, more commonly known as the 'Lamb of God', and whose movement originated in the cause of bringing equality for all, but gained power only to be corrupted by it and end up not only perpetuating injustice but exacerbating it.[[/note]]
* MindOverMatter: The Telekinesis plasmid. "Pick up big stuff with your mind. Throw them at your enemies. What else do you need to know?"
* MixAndMatch: {{Zeerust}} ScienceFiction + SurvivalHorror + Art Deco + Anarcho-Capitalistic Dystopia = ''[=BioShock=]''
* TheMobBossIsScarier: One log can be found next to an electrified corpse that belonged to a smuggler. Play it and you'll hear the dead smuggler refusing to give Ryan's goons any information because he claims that Fontaine will do worse.
* MonsterClown: "Fill your ''Cravings'' at the Circus of ''Values!'' ''[[EvilLaugh Hahahahahaaaa]]!!''
* TheMovie: Originally to be directed by Gore Verbinski of ''Pirates of the Carribean'' fame, replaced by by Juan Carlos Fresnadillo (''Film/TwentyEightWeeksLater''), written by John Logan (''{{Film/Gladiator}}'', ''TheAviator'', ''Film/SweeneyToddTheDemonBarberOfFleetStreet''), [[http://www.computerandvideogames.com/395628/ken-levine-killed-bioshock-film-following-budgetdirector-issues/ eventually killed]] by Ken Levine himself.
* MST3kMantra: According to the ''Making of [=BioShock=]'' DVD, one of the early difficulties in designing Rapture was that, being on the sea floor, the city would have to be designed in a certain way in order to cope with the natural spreading and movement of the sea floor. Eventually, [[WordOfGod the artistic developers]] simply ignored the issue and designed it as any normal city would be. They do say, however, that the final design is apt because [[FridgeBrilliance like the idea of a Objectivist-run city, a city built on the seafloor just isn't feasible]].
** On the contrary, see AluminumChristmasTree
* MultipleEndings
** In the original, if you rescue all the Little Sisters you find rather than harvest them, [[spoiler:you bring them up to the surface with you, where they live normal lives before [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming all returning to comfort you on your deathbed.]]]] If you instead harvest them all, after beating the last boss [[spoiler:you gorge yourself on [=ADAM=], lead an army of Splicers to the surface, and seize a submarine armed with nuclear weapons. The number of Little Sisters harvested determines the tone of Tennenbaum's otherwise identical voice-over in these endings: harvesting most of them causes her tone to be spiteful and accusatory, while harvesting only a few of them leads to a more disappointed tone from her]]. As a nod to the choice, the Splicers in the sequel argue over which path Jack took.
** There's a lot more permutations in the sequel's endings (six, to be precise), depending on whether you again chose to harvest or save the Little Sisters, but also if you chose to kill or spare [=NPCs=]]. Variables include the presence or absence of Little Sisters as well as [[spoiler:whether or not Eleanor saves her mother, watches her drown, or actively kills her]]. After morally-ambiguous paths, [[spoiler:Delta intentionally dies rather than have Eleanor follow his example, leaving her to wonder if anyone can be redeemed or who will guide her now]]. In the ''worst'' ending, [[spoiler:Eleanor follows your example and harvests you for [=ADAM=], and declares that her desires are all that matter and [[OhCrap the world is going to change.]]]]
* TheMultiverse: How Columbia and Rapture connect, as well as possible other games. Shown overtly for the two of them in ''Infinite'' with not only [[spoiler:the WhamEpisode in Rapture]], but also the "Burial at Sea" DownloadableContent.
** TheConstant: In ''Infinite'' it is revealed that the lighthouse is this, as there is a man to go to one in each universe, in one form or another.
* {{Mutants}}: The splicers were originally ordinary people who deliberately purchased injectible upgrades for their DNA, buying anything from good looks to superpowers... only to find just how debilitating ADAM can be if used carelessly.
* MyDadCanBeatUpYourDad
** The chatter from the Gatherer's Garden kiosks. More specifically, "My daddy's smarter than Einstein! Stronger than Hercules! And he can make fire with a snap of his fingers! Are you as good as my daddy, mister? Not if you don't come to Gatherer's Garden!"
** The Little Sisters you adopt "I got the best Big Daddy" from ''VideoGame/BioShock2'': "Daddy's giving you [[CirclingBirdies stars and birdies!]]"
* NecessaryDrawback: Frozen enemies are very easy to kill, but drop no loot upon death (because you shattered them to bits!)
* NeuralImplanting: Wouldn't you know it, [[PsychoSerum ADAM does that too!]]
* NeverGetsDrunk
** While it's possible to get "drunk," (a) the effect lasts about twenty seconds and (b) it typically takes ''multiple entire bottles of hard liquor'' to produce even this.
** FridgeBrilliance: Or what is ''advertised'' as hard liquor - remember the audio diary about the wine being watered down?
** All the protagonists are in some weird alcoholic limbo between this and [[CantHoldHisLiquor Can't Hold His Liquor]]. They all get equally drunk after two drinks in quick succession- whether those drinks were both single beers, or both whole bottles of vodka, or anything in between.
* NightmareFuelColoringBook: The cells that Little Sisters grow up in, covered in drawings of dead people and morbid-looking stick figures of Big Daddies. Saved children draw happier, sunnier drawings.
* NoOSHACompliance: Justified, in that Andrew Ryan built Rapture specifically to get away from pesky things like workplace safety laws. In his city something like OSHA would be thought of as a statist effort to destroy capitalism. You can even find [[XDaysSince "X days since last accident" signs]] in various places, but the number is ''never'' very high. Also, there's little point since the whole city is literally falling apart anyways.
* NotSoDifferent
** There's no real difference between Fontaine and Ryan by the time ''[=BioShock=]'' takes place as [[JumpingOffTheSlipperySlope both of them have gone far off the deep end to achieve their goals]].
** In the sequel, Lamb's version of "the greater good" is ultimately as monstrous and terrible as Ryan's philosophy, [[spoiler:and she's just as willing to cast those ideals aside (and screw the rest) when it comes to saving herself]].
*** Interestingly both Ryan and Lamb were partially driven to their respective extremes by the Hiroshima bombing: Ryan saw the bomb as a corruption of science and industry into making a weapon that allowed "parasites" to destroy what they couldn't seize (a la [[Literature/AtlasShrugged Project X]]) while Lamb was outraged at the United States using her "for the greater good" philosophy to justify the bombing. Both also ultimately thought that the "corrupt" surface world was doomed to destroy itself.
* OffhandBackhand: Big Daddies will sometimes slap an obstructing Splicer (or you) across the room without looking.
* OhCrap: Many examples whether from the player, splicers or the current antagonist. One occasion of particular note is early in the sequel where, after several brief encounters with a Big Sister [[spoiler: you enter a large room with a massive window just in time to see her running along its wall, cutting the glass with her extra-long ADAM needle as she goes. With the cracks spreading you have just enough time to think "oh crap" before the glass caves in and you're hit by several thousand gallons of high pressure seawater.]]
** That Big Sister goes UpToEleven - Delta can't smash the windows with any amount of [[ThisIsADrill drilling]], [[{{BFG}} gunfire]], [[ExplodingBarrels explosives]], or [[MagicGenetics Plasmids]].
** Or how about when Delta and Eleanor are running down a corridor to make their escape. Eleanor goes to take the corner ahead of you. [[spoiler: Then everything slows down, and you see her starting to skid to a stop. You see a cloud gather around her to signal that she's trying to teleport out as you come around the corner only to find crates and crates of explosives. Which promptly blow you to kingdom come.]]
** The plaster splicer mannequins. At one point in Fort Frolic, you'll pass through a corridor lined with 5 on each side. After exploring the rooms beyond you come back the same way, and now they're all gone....
* OneWayVisor: Rosies and Alpha Series.
* OneWingedAngel: [[spoiler:Fontaine, who until this point has apparently only used the SuperStrength gene tonic, is spooked by the player's progress and uses all the ADAM he's stockpiled at once, transforming into a ten-foot-tall grotesquely-muscled brute - which incidentally looks like [[SculptedPhysique a giant statue of Atlas.]]]]
* OrganDrops: Spider Splicer Organs can be used as med-kits, if one has researched them enough. Whether or not it's cannibalism depends on [[WhatMeasureIsANonHuman how human you think the Splicers are]].
* PapaWolf: The Big Daddies, of course.
** Fighting off all the splicers while gathering [=ADAM=] can become a bit chaotic, especially in wide open areas and when dealing with teleporting Houdini splicers you have to move around a lot. But when the Little Sister screams and calls for help, you '''will''' turn around and charge back instantly to beat whatever poor splicer is attacking her into a dark smear on the ground.
** Likewise, your first encounter with a little sister in [=BioShock=] 2 has you entering a room to hear her begging "Mr. Bubbles... please get up..." while crying in terror with a splicer advancing menacingly on her. At that point most players fly into an [[UnstoppableRage righteous fury]] and [[FoeTossingCharge bullrush]] the splicer and [[ImpaledWithExtremePrejudice drill]] [[NoKillLikeOverkill the ever loving crap out of him]]. The little sister will then turn to face you and with such genuine happiness say "Mr. Bubbles, you're all better." Dawww... Sadly, this can also be horrifically subverted if you choose to harvest the little sisters instead.
** Booker ends up becoming this for Elizabeth. [[spoiler:Makes sense, considering she's his daughter]].
* ParentalIssues: Interpretations of family and their role in ideological inheritance are a recurring theme, and are central to TheReveal of every game. In some ways, every game asks "What responsibilities does a parent and child have to each other? Which are realistic, which are worthwhile, and which are just egotistical?"
* PersonalSpaceInvader
** Just try to run from a spider splicer. You'd be astounded at how quickly they'll close the distance once your back is turned.
** Big Sisters aren't afraid to get up close and personal either.
** Bouncers' only attacks are this. Subject Delta can replicate it, too.
* PhlebotinumDependence: One of ADAM's properties that got Fontaine excited was how addictive it was; it got Ryan hot and bothered as well, prompting him to take over Fontaine's business and pump ADAM onto the market with no restrictions whatsoever. Too bad one of the side-effects of combined overuse and withdrawal is, you know, ''turning into a flame-throwing psychopath''.
* PleaseWakeUp: The Little Sisters sob this sometimes after you kill their Big Daddy.
* PlotCouponThatDoesSomething: ADAM, and the Little Sisters who produce it.
* PoliticalIdeologies: The series is particularly fond of deconstructing and pointing out flaws in ideologies taken to their extreme (or at least, their logical conclusion) as well as the idea of utopianism in general.
** Andrew Ryan's Rapture is a look at Liberalism, and especially libertarian Objectivism.
** Sophia Lamb's Rapture meanwhile is a take on Socialism.
** Columbia in general is what happens when Nationalism blends with Fascism, with a dash of Feminism.
** The Vox Populi explores on both Socialism and Anarchism, as well as the very idea of revolution.
* PosthumousCharacter: You learn a lot about some characters from all the plentiful audio diaries you recover, hearing about their life in pre-crapsack Rapture, their hopes and dreams, their role during the civil war... and then you find their corpse. In the sequel, certain characters from the first game manage to cast their shadow over everything despite being dead for 10 years or more.
** In ''Infinite'', the long-dead Lady Comstock is frequently mentioned by other characters and is hailed as a saint by the ruling faction of Columbia. Then [[spoiler:she gets resurrected with RealityWarping technology, and becomes an active (and very hostile) character in her own right...]]
* PoweredByAForsakenChild:
** The Little Sisters (originally children of about 5-8 years old) were set up as mobile factory-reservoirs for ADAM by implanting ADAM-producing sea slugs in their stomachs, and brainwashing them into gathering additional ADAM from corpses. Now, the scientists who set up this whole grisly situation harvested non-lethally by making the Little Sisters regurgitate the ADAM and sending them back into the streets to continue gathering, but apparently, that's not enough for the Splicers, because their perferred method (and yours, if you take the evil path) is to rip it from their forsaken bodies and kill them just to earn a little extra juice.
** Eventually it's revealed that all of the vigors in Columbia are [[spoiler: crafted out of Elizabeth's stolen powers.]]
* PowerPerversionPotential
** The world of ''[=BioShock=]'' incorporates body-altering tonics that can do anything from beef up your fighting ability to allowing you to shoot fire out of your fingers, and can all bought and sold on the open market. Imagine what other kinds of tonics must have been feasible. And given Andrew Ryan's insistence that the market be completely free and unregulated, some of them most certainly ''did'' become available to the public.
** Not just imagine- one of the ghosts in Arcadia is 'spliced up in ways you can't imagine."
** Medpacks heal anything from skinned knees to STD's.
** In the Burial at Sea DLC, there's the Peeping Tom plasmid. It makes you invisible, muffles your footsteps and allows you to see through walls. Think on that for a moment. In fact, nearby where you find it is an audio diary where the proprietor of the establishment selling it responds to a woman who is complaining about constantly being peeped on by Peeping Tom users with, [[BystanderSyndrome "Tough luck, it's a free market."]]
* PowerUpgradingDeformation: Taking Plasmids isn't necessarily this... that is, if you manage to maintain a steady supply of EVE, which no one can thanks to the civil war in Rapture.
* PsychoSerum: Once again, ADAM.
** The only ones not affected are the Little Sisters, who are instead hallucinating a luxurious dream world instead of the corpse-strewn, decaying madhouse they're wandering through.
** And it is revealed in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' that even they are being affected, but at a slower rate. Hence, Big Sisters.
* PsychoStrings
** Most of the score consists of stringed instruments, which can flip from melancholy to maddening in an instant.
** Background music in ''2's'' [[RedLightDistrict Pink Pearl]] consists entirely of this.
* PublicServiceAnnouncement: Some deliciously cheesy dialogues occasionally kick in on Rapture's P.A. system, usually excusing security measures.
--> '''Mary:''' Capital punishment! In Rapture! This isn't what I signed up for!
--> '''Jim:''' Now hold on there, pretty lady! The only people who face capital punishment in Rapture are smugglers. And that's because they put everything we've worked for at risk. Imagine if the Soviets found out about our wonderful city, or even the U.S. government! Our secrecy is our shield.
--> '''Mary:''' A little capital punishment ''is'' a small price to pay to protect all of our freedoms.
--> '''Jim:''' ''Now'' you're talking, Mary!
* PunkPunk: Each setting exemplifies a mishmash of "-punk" ideas. The setting of the first two games has shakes of late DieselPunk (in the era as well as the more mechanical devices), BioPunk (in the cavalier attitudes the populace of Rapture has regarding modifying their own - and each others' - genetics and body structures), and OceanPunk. The setting of ''Infinite'' is a dark take on SteamPunk and ClockPunk in both technology and its effect on the world around it, with some FantasticNoir trappings.
* {{Punch Clock Villain}}s
** In ''[=BioShock=]'' the splicers are only after you because of the bounty Ryan put on your head; they aren't real villains and care very little about you. They are just consumed and driven by a drug addiction. Ryan also pumps pheromones throughout rapture so that they do his bidding.
** And in ‘’2’’, they are only after you because they think you're trying to kill or corrupt their messiah. [[spoiler: Which, from their perspective, you pretty much are.]]
** Most of the people who attack you in ''Infinite'' are just working for Comstock.
* RagdollPhysics: Telekinesis lets you use debris, furniture, even dead bodies as weapons. You can even use the plasmid to yank a Splicer's mask off and beat them to death with it. In ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', the speargun's reusable ammo can be TK'ed out of an attacker and thrown right back in.
* RagnarokProofing: For a run-down shell of its former glory, Rapture in the first game still more or less looks as it did when all hell broke loose, although a good chunk of it ''is'' shown falling apart. The sequel on the other hand shows just how far it's decayed in eight years, with rust, moss and sea life creeping ever more into what's left.
* RichBitch: One sort of female splicer has a snooty upper-class accent, complains about the quality of the tenderloin (which doesn't exist), and threatens to "send the boy out to give you a good thrashing". It's creepier (and at times funnier) than it sounds.
* RightHandVersusLeftHand: Several of Rapture's citizens have tried to assassinate Andrew Ryan, two of which were Anya Andersdotter and the engineer Kyburz. When Anya turned up in Kyburz's office in an attempt to pry information from him, Kyburz believed she was a spy trying to trick him into revealing his own plot and turned her in to Ryan's men. In an audio diary he admits that he isn't sure about her, but can't take the risk this far into his own plans.
* RecycledInSpace: ''[=BioShock=]'' is ''SystemShock'' [[InvertedTrope not]] [[RecycledInSpace IN SPACE]]!
* RedLightDistrict
** [[MeaningfulName Eve's Garden]] in Fort Frolic. "Come bite the apple!"
** The sequel has Siren Alley, which bears a strong resemblance to [[TheBigEasy New Orleans']] French Quarter. The area is a battlefield between the Wales brothers, one of which manages a hotel-turned-whorehouse, while the other has [[BadassPreacher found religion]] and put up some religious murals depicting events from ''[=BioShock=]''.
* RespawningEnemies
** Each level is slowly repopulated with Splicers over time, but the respawn rate is low enough that it's not too annoying. On the other hand, the Big Daddies respawn almost immediately, which would be more annoying if they weren't totally harmless when left alone, not to mention useful with the right plasmids.
** In the sequel, the enemies respawn more quickly, and enemies can spawn in locations that would be impossible to reach without OffscreenTeleportation.
* TheRevolutionWillNotBeCivilized: The attack-you-on-sight, mutated, insane Splicers that follow Fontaine are indistinguishable from the attack-you-on-sight, mutated, insane Splicers that are loyal to Ryan, or the [[OverlyLongGag attack-you on sight, mutated, insane Splicers]] that belong to the Family. Though at least the latter are well-behaved regarding the Little Sisters.
** The Founders of Columbia in ''Infinite'' see you as the Antichrist and will try to kill you on sight. The rebellious Vox Populi, on the other hand...briefly assist you before turning on you with muderous intent.
* RuleOfSymbolism: Lots of religious symbols show up in the game.
** The most obvious example is the name of the city, [[CaughtUpInTheRapture Rapture]], supposedly a reference to the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nitrogen_narcosis "Rapture of the Deep"]].
** There's also a few [[CrucifiedHeroShot crucified corpses]] to be found, either in Ryan's foyer for his "spy collection," in medical facilities pinned to operating tables, or near the docks with a smuggler strung up just right. The last case was probably intentional, since he was smuggling religious contraband.
** Also the substances you need to use the plasmids are called Adam and Eve. Adam is used to buy them and Eve is used to repower then.
* ScareChord: The soundtrack has random ones thrown in to mess with you (bordering on ([[PlayingWithATrope playing with]] MusicalSpoiler). Also, your plasmids have specific noises they make when you switch to them, and Electrobolt's is a scare chord.
** In ''Infinite'', executions with the Skyhook are accompanied by these.
* SceneryGorn: Rapture. ''All of it.''
* SceneryPorn: The bathysphere ride into Rapture in the first game, and the underwater strolls in the second.
* SchizoTech
** Rapture has genetic engineering without the computers that would make genetic information intelligible... which would explain a ''lot'', actually.
** As of the Minerva's Den, they may have had those too. And an [[AIIsACrapshoot AI]]. And an Ion Laser. Also, the automatic doors, the miniguns, the audio tapes (which were invented on the surface five years later), the security bots, the Hack Tool for aforementioned computers, (which has no real life equivalent but appears to be a projectile USB drive launcher that works on something that I assume to involve radio waves) and a lot more. And this is the sixties.
* SecondHourSuperpower: The plasmids from both games.
* ShoutOut
** The helpful automated voice in Fontaine Futuristics stutters and sounds like a [[SystemShock very familiar AI]].
** Speaking of said A.I, one of the achievements for ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' is called 'Look at You, Hacker.'
** Also, one of the Big Daddy classes is called a Rumbler, which was also the name of the {{Giant Mook}}s from ''System Shock 2''.
** "[[VideoGame/DeadRising 53,596 zombies were killed in the making of this game.]]"
** "Grab a [[VideoGame/HalfLife crowbar]] or somethin'!"
** The 'Baby Jane' splicers, are most probably a reference to the novel/1962 film ''Film/WhateverHappenedToBabyJane'', which involved an aging, psychopathic ex-child star, trying to get back into show business. The splicer even quotes one of the lines from the film:
--> '''Baby Jane:''' I used to be beautiful, what happened to me?
** It was probably unintentional, but Dr. Suchong sounded a little like a villain from ''WesternAnimation/JonnyQuest'' in not just his ethnic origin, but in that he inadvertently [[spoiler:causes his own demise...]]
** The Little Sisters' glowing [[Film/VillageOfTheDamned eyes]].
** The "Would you kindly" conspiracy board you see just before meeting Andrew Ryan is a reference to the movie TheUsualSuspects.
** "[[VideoGame/{{Portal}} Bring Your Daughter To Work Day]]". Oh, she gets tested, alright.
** Certain splicers can be heard shouting "[[Film/PulpFiction ...and you shall know my name is the LORD!...]]" when idle.
** From the ride down to the city in the bathysphere, the film starts with an ad: "Fire at your fingertips!", for the incinerate plasmid. That was how [[Creator/AynRand Dagny]] [[Literature/AtlasShrugged Taggart]] described cigarettes. And the ad shows a man lighting a cigarette for a woman who looks very much like a young AynRand.
** The credits for ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' include the message [[Manga/AzumangaDaioh "Go Team Sea Slug!"]]
** When you use Incinerate while carrying a Little Sister, she will sometimes misquote the [[Film/TheWizardOfOz Wicked Witch of the West]].
** There is a keycode opened by a code 0047. You learn of this from the recording made by certain [[VideoGame/{{Hitman}} Tobias Riefer]].
** Along the same vein is a keycode 0451- the first lock and keycode you encounter, actually. This is a reference to a long-running number that dates back to the SystemShock days, used in both the original and the Irrational-developed sequel as the first door codes you find, as well as VideoGame/DeusEx (both the original and the sequel- again, the first door codes you find.) The number itself is a reference to Looking Glass Software's old office door code, which in turn was a reference to ''Literature/{{Fahrenheit 451}}''. ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' inverts the number, but it's still the first lock you encounter.
** Danny Wilkins, one of the playable characters from ''[=BioShock=] 2'''s multiplayer, is a football player. He wears a purple jersey bearing the number 4, like Brett Favre as a Minnesota Viking during the game's development.
** One of the books lying around in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' is titled [[{{Literature/Discworld}} Applied headology]].
** Little Sisters are in a so-called symbiotic, but really mostly parasitic relationship with a worm-like thing living inside them that enhances their regeneration, causes their eyes to glow and deludes them to do things they would not otherwise do. [[Franchise/StargateVerse Sounds familiar?]]
* SinisterScrapingSound: The sound Splicers makes when they drag their weapons. And the sound the Spider Splicers make whenever they move.
* TheSixties: ''[=BioShock=] 1'' takes place in 1960 while the sequel is set around 1967-68.
* SmokeOut: Nitro Splicers carry smokebombs to do this, whenever the player gets too close to them.
* TheSociopath: Quite a few denizens of Rapture fit the criteria, including Sander Cohen, Sophia Lamb, and Andrew Ryan himself.
* SoundtrackDissonance
** Some of Rapture's jukeboxes or public speakers still function, allowing you to fight for your life to the tune of old-timey big band hits like "[[SuspiciouslyAproposMusic Beyond the Sea]]." Of course, some of these devices are just ''barely'' functioning: "How much is that dog-gy in thedog-gy in thedog-gy in thedog-gy in the..."
** Sander Cohen is, [[MadArtist above all else, an artist]], so when he releases a pack of Splicers on you in a fit of pique, he [[CrowningMomentOfFunny sets it to Tchaikovsky's "Waltz of the Flowers."]]
** Some of the Splicers evidently made contact with those missionary smugglers, and will sing "[[IronicNurseryRhyme Jesus Loves Me]]" while idle, or moan AmazingFreakingGrace to themselves when they're lurking out of sight.
** The award for the most ironic song in the game would have to go to [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=938DUvtFbxU The Best Things In Life (Are Free).]] This is ironic for a number of reasons. There's the obvious - it's Rapture, nothing is free - but then when you listen to the words of the song you realise that none of the things mentioned are actually present in Rapture! (The flowers in Spring/the robins that sing/the sunbeams that shine) But hang on, what about Arcadia, that has flowers and trees and the like. Well, yes, but Ryan charges for entry to the once-public park. Nothing in Rapture is free!
** Some points also have to go for [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MybwtXxiSO8 Danny Boy]]. It's a very solemn song that's about as Irish as Atlas' accent. Which makes hearing it in Fontaine's residence akin to rubbing salt on an open wound [[spoiler:especially after the revelation that Atlas ''is'' Fontaine. And that he may very well be openly ''mocking'' the player with that song.]]
* SpannerInTheWorks
** No matter how clever your plots are, no matter how totally you control everyone in Rapture, and no matter how [[MagnificentBastard magnificent]] you are, never underestimate a swarm of Little Sisters' ability to screw you and your plans up.
** Early in the sequel, a Thuggish Splicer literally sticks his lead pipe (no pun intended) into a set of gears to jam a door, and you have to pull it out with Telekinesis to proceed.
* SpiritualSuccessor: To ''SystemShock'' and ''SystemShock 2''. Almost all of the game mechanics are identical to the latter. In fact, in interviews with Gamasutra [[WordOfGod developers have stated]] their starting plan was "''System Shock 2'' did pretty well, let's make ''System Shock 2'' again."
* SuperiorSpecies: While not a distinct species, the citizens of Rapture fit, due to plasmids and gene tonics. Or at least they did, until they [[WithGreatPowerComesGreatInsanity started overdoing it.]]
--> '''Gatherer's Garden machine:''' My daddy's smarter than Einstein, stronger than Hercules, and can light a fire with a snap of his fingers. Are you as good as my daddy, mister?
* TakeThat
** There is a lot of debate over whether the game is a giant TakeThat to Objectivism. [[WordOfGod The developers]] have said that it was a TakeThat to extremism, using Rand as an example.
** The Waders model Splicer is a parody of Evangelical Christians that criticizes their questionably excessive worshipping.
** ''Infinite'' seems to be, partially, a TakeThat to both right- and left-wing extremism. The ultra-religious and nationalistic Founders are portrayed as vile, racist, xenophobic hypocrites, while the anarchist revolutionaries of the Vox Populi are merciless, sadistic killers who gleefully massacre helpless Founder civilians once their revolution gets underway.
* TeleportersAndTransporters
** A Teleport plasmid was planned, but due to {{sequence breaking}} concerns was never implemented. The Houdini Splicers however, can pop out of thin air to hurl fireballs at you before disappearing again, only to reappear in some other location. The ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' multiplayer states that it's actually an {{Invisibility}} Plasmid, but it doesn't explain how Houdinis can move to otherwise inaccessible areas or move in and out of a room without opening a door.
** It's played with in the sequel, where you can find an Unstable Teleport plasmid in a sealed room. Attempting to pick it up causes it to move from place to place out of the room to the business lobby. At that point, it telports the player to various strange spots around the map, while humorously chasing a Splicer out of the room it originated from, before dropping you off in a darkroom with a Gene Tonic and some EVE Hypos; once you pick up the Tonic, you warp back to the lobby.
** The novelization prequel explains why there aren't any Teleport plasmids left around for you to find: it was the first plasmid Ryan agreed to ban (also the first time he went against his "free market" philosophy), because it was ''just that dangerous'' to have teleporting drug addicts running around. Fontaine actually agreed with Ryan (probably the only time they agreed about anything) about its danger and stopped producing it. However, there were still plenty of splicers who'd already used it...
* TeleportingKeycardSquad: If you crawl through an air duct or unlock a door to a supply cache, chances are there's a Splicer or two waiting for you when you return.
* ThemeNaming: ADAM, EVE, Rapture - all especially ironic given Ryan's style of militantly anti-religious Objectivism. Most of the city's locations are also named after an appropriate Greco-Roman deity. And, of course, the references to Ayn Rand.
* ThirdPersonPerson: Dr. Suchong
* ThisIsADrill: The "Bouncer" type Big Daddy. ''2'' gives the player one as a melee weapon, and it doesn't take long to learn a devastating (and highly-satisfying) drill charge. With proper tonics and tactics it quickly becomes the most effective weapon around. In conjunction with [[FreezeRay Winter Blast]] it is almost a GameBreaker. To clarify - while the drill isn't that great for defending against multiple enemies, and it uses limited fuel for the drilling attack, with all upgrades, skill and freeze tonics, the drill can go right through the Big Daddies without causing you to lose any health.
* TragicMonster
** The splicers. It's surprisingly gut-wrenching (no pun intended) to beat to death someone who sobs "I'm sorry... It was just an accident... c'mon, get up, I was just fooling around!" when they best you. They'll even beg for their lives if you freeze them (though they'll get back to trying to kill you if they thaw, so...).
** Exemplified in the Big Daddies, who live only to protect the Little Sisters. They will ''never'' start a fight. [[PapaWolf They're happy to]] [[LightningBruiser finish]] [[BullfightBoss one]], though. Though they will freak out and try to kill you if you get too close to their Little Sister. Or cause them even a slight amount of damage by accident. It's ''possible'' to get a Big Daddy to start a fight, though it's by no means hard to avoid doing it.
** Thanks to Sofia Lamb's propensity for brainwashing and genetic manipulation, this pops up a ''lot'' in the sequel. [[spoiler: Mark Meltzer and Sinclair both get turned into Lamb-controlled Big Daddies, and Gil Alexander ends up as an insane, megalomaniacal BrainInAJar.]]
* TrickArrow: The crossbow's second alt-fire are bolts attached to electrified wires called "trap bolts".
* UncannyValley
** Intentionally invoked in the original, where everything from the Splicers to the Little Sisters just looked ''wrong'' even if they weren't horribly mutated. The sequel discards it, making the Little Sisters more adorable (since, after all, you're conditioned to protect them) and the Splicers less inhuman - which only makes them ''more'' horrifying by accentuating their mutations and deformities.
** There's an in-universe example in the sequel's Journey to the Surface ride at Ryan Amusements; in an audio diary, Andrew Ryan himself notes the uncanny valley quality of the animatronics used to dissuade children from wanting to leave Rapture.
--->'''Andrew Ryan''': I know this facility is vital to the preservation of secrecy in Rapture. But seeing myself transformed into that... ''lurching, waxen nightmare''... Do children truly respond to this? Still, I spoke to a young man exiting the park after the grand opening, asking him what, if anything, he had learned here. He said his chores didn't seem so bad anymore - as long as mother wouldn't send him to the surface.
* UnderTheSea: The first game somehow avoided a [[DownTheDrain water level]]. The sequel lets you tromp around in your big old diving suit, but mostly to see some scenery and as a [[BreatherLevel breather]] between action sequences.
* UnderwaterCity: Rapture, though by the sequel the ocean is making a comeback.
* TheUnintelligible: Big Daddies, having vocal modulators surgically implanted directly into the larynx, can't really talk all that well, nor do they have the brainpower for speech. As such, they primarily communicate in very deep (and very creepy) moans, grunts, and roars evocative of whalesong. Not that they have problems making their feelings clear about, say, your proximity to their Little Sister. [[CompletelyMissingThePoint Yeah, they have handy lights for that:]] [[ColorCodedForYourConvenience yellow if they don't care, red if they're mad, and green if they're helping you.]].
* UnusualEuphemism: The ways the Little Sisters refer to their Big Daddies' violence against enemies.
** ''Unzip him Mr B! UNZIP HIM!'' Given that Big Daddies have their organs grafted to their suits it is more morbid than it appears.
** [[WingdingEyes X his eyes!]]
** Daddy's giving you [[CirclingBirdies stars and birdies!]]
** [[ShockAndAwe It's dancing, daddy, it's dancing!]]
* UnusableEnemyEquipment
** [[spoiler:Towards the end of ''[=BioShock=]'', the player has to dress up like a Big Daddy. Jack has to walk around the level collecting scattered parts of their outfit. He cannot take more than one intact part of the suit from the dead Big Daddy he starts the level near, and for good reason: Big Daddy parts are permanently fused to the body.]]
** In the sequel, Alpha Series' use upgraded weapons. You can only loot them for ammo, not trade your vanilla grenade launcher for one with the shield or a two-shot shotgun for a six-shot one.
* TheUnreveal: We never actually see what Big Daddies look like under their helmets; as if taunting us with this trope, ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' begins from the POV of a Big Daddy prototype who is commanded at one point to remove his helmet, and he complies[[spoiler:, right before ''shooting himself in the head''.]]
* UnwinnableByDesign: The hacking mini-game can become unwinnable, especially further on, as a consequence of the increasing difficulty. This is especially true in the first game, where overload and alarm slots can appear in unavoidable patterns. The idea is to force you to use hacking tonics to dial them back down to a winnable state.
* UtopiaJustifiesTheMeans: Ironically, Ryan turns Rapture into a police state in order to protect his Objectivist Libertarian dream city. Meanwhile Sofia Lamb of the sequel is an even greater believer in this trope, being an collectivist taken UpToEleven, desiring to do "good" for a people she views mainly as tools.
* VideogameCaringPotential[=/=]VideogameCrueltyPotential
** Set Splicers on fire! Watch as they run toward a pool of water, then electrify them! Bash their faces repeatedly with a wrench! Freeze them, ignore their pleas for help, and shatter them into chunks of icy flesh! Toss them like ragdolls! Rig medical stations to poison them! Lure them into waiting turrets! Impale them to scenery through their faces! This is ''encouraged'' with the sequel, where you progress faster with [[EnemyScan enemy research]] by killing foes with new and inventive applications of your weapons and plasmids.
** The Little Sisters are the only completely harmless enemies in the game. You can rescue them and turn them back into little girls... or kill them for [=ADAM=]. The potential for both is ramped up in the sequel while you play as a Big Daddy - you can "adopt" another Daddy's partner, run around the level with her riding on your back, protect her while she harvests some [=ADAM=] for you, and finally rescue her from her living nightmare, or viciously betray her trust.\\
\\
The game presents the Little Sisters as a moral choice, but the way it reacts to those choices makes it less moral and more practical - if you harvest one, you get more ADAM right now. If you rescue one, you get less ADAM immediately - but for every three Little Sisters you rescue, you get a gift at the nearest plasmid vendor containing only a little less ADAM than you would have gained by harvesting, plus a couple plasmids or gene tonics, including a few you can't get any other way. So the only real reason to harvest Little Sisters is just because you're a bastard. The sequel is mildly better in this regard: you get a fair bit more ADAM for harvesting than rescuing, about three entire rescued Sisters worth.
** In the last level of ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', there are many splicers that are so far gone they just rock side to side. You can still kill them. [[MercyKill Why wouldn't you?]]
** The turning point in Columbia's introduction in ''Infinite'' involves deciding whether or not to throw a baseball at [[spoiler: a tied up mixed race couple.]]
* ViolationOfCommonSense: The camera's EnemyScan ability rewards more points for action shots (enemies are attacking or affected by your powers in some way) and multiple subjects (more than one enemy in shot), leading to the ridiculous notion of a massive firefight becoming the ''ideal'' time to take some photos. The game at least helpfully pauses the actions between shots. The sequel fixes this by having you start recording first, then attacking.
* WallCrawl: Spider Splicers just skip the walls and go straight to crab-walking on the ceiling, which is just as freaky as it sounds. Scratch, scratch...''scratch''...
* WateringDown: This is Pierre Gobbi's main complaint with Rapture; watered down wine to rip off customers (who obviously have no other choice to get wine, and thanks to lack of regulation, no one to put a stop to them for it). Judging by the nature of ADAM and the fact homemade Plasmids became increasingly common, it would not be surprising if more illicit sources of ADAM were cut with other stuff or watered down.
* WhamEpisode: Rapture Central Control in the original, or the sequel's Persephone Penal Colony.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen
** The original ''[=BioShock=]'' game underwent many, many changes from the time it was pitched to the final product. The original pitch still had the {{Zeerust}} idea; they wanted it to take place on land, however, in a series of interconnected controlled environment chambers created by 1940's Germany. The laboratories would be full of mysteriously dead human bodies, being overrun by strange, insectoid life forms called Gatherers, who collected genetic material and body parts, the Protectors for the Gatherers, and predatory Aggressors. These eventually developed into the Little Sisters, Big Daddies and Splicers, respectively, when the developers decided they wanted a more "human" angle. The concept art book for ''[=BioShock=]'' shows off some of these life-forms; particularly striking is one insectoid being half-fused into a human body using its arms and legs to walk and fire a pistol. Among other things promised was the ability to alter the controlled environment, such as raising the temperature in an area and giving yourself a plasmid that protected you from heat exhaustion.
** According to the original pitch of the game, you would have played as Carlos Cuello, a "deprogrammer" asssigned to infiltrate a mysterious cult based on a remote island and "rescue" a wealthy heiress being held there. The game would have also included a much more in-depth weapon creation system, based on the superpower creation system in ''FreedomForce''. Some of the weapons you could make included a triple-barelled automatic shotgun, a silenced railgun, magnetic grenades, a sniper rifle that shoots acid-coated bullets, ''and a chain lightning taser pistol''.
** One of the insectoids nearly made it to ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' - the concept art shows Splicers turning into things that made [[Franchise/ResidentEvil G-Virus mutants]] look cute.
** The original game had Jack mutate more and more with plasmid use, and would make players decide if they wanted to become a hideous freak like the splicers to survive, or refuse, keeping their humanity at the cost of less safety. The final product ''encourages'' you to use more ADAM and EVE.
** The weapon mods originally looked like they were cobbled together with random household junk MacGyver style, as a means to emphasize how Rapture was supposed to be a mostly weapons free society. Levine decided that the weapons ended up looking "dorky" and thus changed the mods as to still look hand modified but "by someone who knows what they're doing".
** The sequel went through several ''huge'' shifts in storyline and themes during development; originally the Big Sister was intended as a single BigBad or TheDragon, a former Little Sister incapable of adapting to life on the surface who had returned to Rapture to try and rebuild the city of her childhood, kidnapping girls to do so, with Tenenbaum returning to try and clean up her mess. This entire plot was more or less scrapped in exchange for a PerspectiveFlip with a religious collectivist villain in contrast to the first game's atheist Objectivist BigBad.
** At one point, the sequel was to have [[DirtyCommunists Soviet Russia invade Rapture]], with the Soviet troops fighting splicers. They were meant to be much more intelligent than the batshit insane splicers, and would use efficient tactics (taking cover, hiding, flanking, et cetera). (It was even in some demos shown to reviewers.)
** There were to be more survivors that had barricades themselves during the Splicer outbreak and were to assist the player, but this was during the "Big Sister is the primary villain" phase.
** Also during said phase, Mark Meltzer was apparently supposed to play a bigger role in the story, even being the one who hired the main player (either a detective or a parent whose daughter had also gone missing) in the first place.
** Subject Delta's armor used to be based off of old UsefulNotes/WorldWarII bombers and would have been a lot more top-heavy and bulkier.
** Sander Cohen was planned at one point to return in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' as a "20-foot-tall Freudian monster bunny".
** Some of the elements above (man infiltrating hidden area, singular BigBad[=/=]TheDragon harassing you at every turn) are being recycled into ''VideoGame/BioShockInfinite'', while the Russian soldier AI was utilized for the Splicers in ''VideoGame/BioShock2''.
** During the early stages of ''VideoGame/BioShock2'', there was a giant squid boss that Delta was supposed to fight outside of Rapture.
** The concept art displays many things that didn't make the cut of ''Infinite'', such as a darker atmosphere more akin to Rapture and enemies that had damage from portal cuts and reality shifting.
** Dionysus Park was originally conceived as an area of Rapture that was clean and not destroyed by all the fighting of the civil war. Delta was also supposed to get there by taking a scuba-diving trip through [[NostalgiaLevel Fort Frolic]], which had become completely flooded since Jack's visit in the first game.
* WhatTheHellHero
** The bad ending of the original has Tenenbaum chew you out for being such an amoral monster, which shouldn't bother you if you made the decisions to earn it.
** Sofia Lamb attempts to invoke this tirelessly throughout the course of the sequel, but for the most part her accusations are ineffectual. Although, if Delta's been a particularly abusive father, it can hit pretty hard.
* WhiteMaskOfDoom: One of [[MadArtist Sander Cohen's]] {{motif}}s. Additionally, the New Year's Eve 1959 party was a masquerade, and some Splicers still wear creepy animal masks.
-->'''Atlas:''' Why do they wear those masks? Maybe there's a part of them that remembers how they used to be, how they used to look. And they're ashamed.
* WhyIsntItAttacking: You, potentially.
* WithUsOrAgainstUs: Ryan's take on the civil war. "Innocents? If they haven't chosen to defend Rapture, they've chosen to side with Atlas and his bandits. So there are no innocents. There are heroes, and there are criminals."
* WorldOfHam: But justified in-universe because: 1) almost anyone who would want to live in Rapture would already be something of MagnificentBastard even before going down there; and 2) by the time the player gets there, everyone has pretty much gone insane.
* WreakingHavok: No obnoxious stacking puzzles are present, though this may be the only reason [[AwesomeButImpractical moderately-useful]] plasmids like Cyclone Trap or Sonic Boom were included. On the other hand, it's a nice touch to allow you to use Telekinesis to break a shop's windows and steal some stuff, even if it summons the security bots.
* WrenchWhack: The first weapon you acquire is a wrench. With the right gene tonics, it's a viable weapon against any enemy at any point in the game.
* YouAllLookFamiliar
** Only two characters in the original had unique character models, and even some major cast members had to make do with un-deformed versions of Splicer models. Happily averted in the sequel, where even minor named characters with only a few seconds of screentime have unique and detailed models.
** They avoid making it too obvious in the first game by making sure you see every named NPC from behind (Johnny, Julie), from very far away (Atlas at Smuggler's Hideout, Tenenbaum in the Medical Pavillion), or obscured by a mask or scenery (Steinman, Wilkins, Tenenbaum at Mercury Suites), saving the unique character models for the two characters you actually converse with up close.
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness
** An audio diary titled as such in ''VideoGame/BioShock2'' explains that [[spoiler: not only did the rest of the Alpha series meet this fate, but Gil Alexander himself has also been abandoned by Sofia]].
** Ryan to Professor Langford after she decides to help Jack restore Arcadia with the Lazarus Vector. The specific reason is that her contract made all her intellectual discoveries Ryan's property. Considering Ryan's AuthorTract about "owning the sweat of one's brow", and how she's one of the few sane, helpful and (if a bit amoral) nice people in Rapture, her death is a big PlayerPunch moment.
** [[spoiler:After Jack has killed Ryan and shut down the auto-destruct, ending Ryan's control of Rapture, Atlas/Fontaine sends security bots after him, and when that doesn't work, activates Code Yellow.]]
* {{Zeerust}}: Invoked intentionally with Rapture's art design.
* ZombieApocalypse
** Replace "walking undead" with "insane psycho psychic pseudo-zombies" and you get the idea.
** They're a lot less decayed and mutated in the sequel, however, but still deformed.

->''"A man chooses. A slave obeys."''
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