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A 1991 comedy film directed by Creator/FrankOz, starring Creator/BillMurray and Creator/RichardDreyfuss.

Dr. Leo Marvin (Dreyfuss) is a successful therapist with a best-selling book out and a gig with a morning show scheduled. He is also [[DrJerk very]] [[SmallNameBigEgo arrogant]].

He takes an appointment with a patient, Bob Wiley (Murray), who has been transferred from therapist to therapist. Bob has pantophobia -- he's afraid of everything. Dr. Marvin encourages a first-name basis, as therapists do, and recommends his book to Bob.

Bob's hero-worship for Dr. Marvin begins immediately. Unfortunately for Bob, Dr. Marvin is going on a trip to his vacation house and does not want to bring work along with him. It's a family vacation for a seriously messed-up family. Unfortunately for Dr. Marvin, Bob is not going to give up that easily.

Bob learns where Dr. Marvin will be staying and follows, bringing just his essentials and his goldfish. He has subtle encouragement from the locals, who disapprove of Dr. Marvin and are only too happy to let this lunatic interfere with his peaceful vacation.

The fun begins when Bob and Dr. Marvin's family meet. Bob almost accidentally helps everyone with their problems -- except Dr. Marvin, whom he is unwittingly driving over the edge...

* AccidentalMisnaming: During his interview with ''Good Morning America'', Leo is such a wreck that when he tries to explain that the "baby steps" approach doesn't usually work as quickly as it seems to have done with Bob, he accidentally refers to him as "Boob" and is too embarrassed to bother correcting himself.
* AllPsychologyIsFreudian: To the point where Dr. Marvin named his son Sigmund and his daughter Anna (the name of one of Freud's daughters and the one to follow him into psychoanalysis).
* {{Angrish}}: When Bob asks Leo about scheduling five two-hour sessions a week (including Saturdays and Sundays) as they are driving back from the asylum, Leo stops the car, opens the passenger door, and says... well, it's ''supposed'' to be "Get out of the car!", [[http://youtu.be/wBNNKoX8GoA?t=10s but...]]
* AngstComa: Leo slips into one when a scheme to get rid of Bob ends up destroying his own house. He snaps out of it when [[spoiler:his sister Lily marries Bob in the film's final scene.]]
* BlackComedy: For a PG-rated movie, it's surprisingly very dark in places.
* BreakTheHaughty: At the beginning of the film, Leo is confident to the point of arrogance about his new book and the television appearance it has netted him, and is planning on spending the summer showing off how brilliant he is to his family and anyone else who will listen. By the end of the film, Bob's persistence in trying to get Leo to help him deal with his problems (despite Leo's many attempts to get rid of him) and his accidental success in helping Leo's family deal with their problems have rendered him catatonic. the irony is that Leo's immediate assessment of Bob was entirely correct, "Baby Steps" method actually worked like a charm on Bob (even if this is due to something of a placebo effect) leading to immediate improvement that only got better with time.
* BrickJoke: Leo describes his plan to strap Bob to a large quantity of heavy explosives as "death therapy", a guaranteed cure. [[WhereAreTheyNowEpilogue At the end of the film]], a caption mentions that Bob became a psychiatrist and wrote a bestseller called ''Death Therapy'' - resulting in Leo suing him for the rights to the idea.
* BusmansHoliday: Leo intends to spend his vacation relaxing (outside his television appearance), but Bob's presence means he effectively spends it working instead, which is part of what causes him to unravel over the course of the film.
-->'''Dr. Tomsky:''' Relax, Leo!
-->'''Leo:''' [[BadLiar I'm relaxed!]]
-->'''Dr. Tomsky:''' Take a vacation.
-->'''Leo:''' [[SuddenlyShouting I'M ON VACATION!!!!]]
* CaliforniaDoubling: The movie was actually filmed on Smith Mountain Lake in Virginia.
* TheCatCameBack: No matter what Leo does, Bob manages to come back. He tells him to go back to New York and take "a vacation from [his] problems", but the Gutmans let Bob stay with them so that he can take said vacation near Leo. He tries to get rid of him before his ''Good Morning America'' interview, but the crew arrive just as Bob is leaving and he charms them into making him part of the interview. Leo tries having Bob committed, only for the mental institution to tell him to take him back as he seems perfectly sane to them. He tries abandoning Bob by the roadside, but Bob manages to hitchhike back to Leo's house ahead of him. All of which contributes to Leo's growing SanitySlippage.
* TheChewToy: Dr. Marvin. Just to name a few ways in which the universe makes his life miserable: Anna leaves the car at the marina at his suggestion, meaning there is no way for Bob to leave their house when a torrential downpour begins, so that he is still at the house when ''Good Morning America'' show up for his interview. When he throws Bob out of his car, he is soon pulled over for speeding, then reverses into a ditch and is splashed with mud by another car when he gets out to inspect the damage.
* TheCobblersChildrenHaveNoShoes: Anna and Sigmund struggle to function normally because of their father's psychological scrutiny, and Leo is completely incapable of getting through to either of them.
* TheComplainerIsAlwaysWrong: Leo is the only one who objects to Bob's presence at his house; his wife and children find Bob a delight, and Leo is treated by both the script and the characters as being in the wrong for wanting Bob gone.
* CriticalPsychoanalysisFailure:
** Leo makes only token attempts to actually address Bob's psychological problems, focusing more on just getting rid of him so that he can enjoy his vacation. The failure of his ploys to get rid of him lead to his own nervous breakdown.
** Bob's previous therapists have been driven insane by his extreme dependency on them, even though nothing they do seems to help him overcome his phobias and neuroses (which only makes him cling more fiercely to the therapists). Carswell Fensterwald, the therapist who directs Bob to Leo, has been driven so far over the edge that he is quitting psychiatry entirely.[[note]] In an early draft of the script, Fensterwald inflicts Bob on Leo in revenge for Leo getting him expelled from Harvard years earlier.[[/note]]
* DisproportionateRetribution: The Gutmans unleash Bob on Dr. Marvin and his family simply because he bought the house they wanted to buy.
* DramaticallyMissingThePoint: After Dr. Marvin attacks Bob at his surprise birthday party when he puts his arm around his sister, Lily, and then becomes catatonic, Lily tells Bob how lucky her brother is to have him around, clearly unaware that Bob is the reason her brother, Leo, is losing his sanity in the first place. [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] somewhat in that she, Lily, had just met Bob and had no idea what had been going on prior to Leo's surprise birthday party.
* DrJerk: For a therapist, Dr. Marvin seems to have a staggering lack of compassion not just for his patients but for his own family, exemplified by his almost casual reaction to the news of Bob's (fake) suicide. In fact, the only real motivation he seems to have in helping ''anyone'' is his own ego-gratification. The only person to whom he shows any genuine affection is his sister (of whom he is ''very'' protective). Make of that what you will, considering the overt Freudian theme in this movie.
* DysfunctionJunction: Part of the reason Bob is welcomed by Leo's family is that they have problems of their own (such as Sigmund's obsessive fear of death), and he is able to relate to them more easily than Leo is.
* EpiphanicPrison: Bob, unaware that Leo has tied him to explosives to kill him, interprets the ropes as a representation of his own internal psychological knots, and so by untying the ropes binding him, he can untie the psychological ropes that prevent him from functioning normally... and he proceeds to do both of those things.
* EstablishingCharacterMoment: When Leo prescribes that Bob read his book, he pretends to scan his bookshelves looking for a copy when there's obviously an entire shelf of them prominently placed. False modesty much?
* EvilLaugh: Dr. Marvin gives a pretty funny one each time he thinks he's finally rid of Bob.
* FirstNameBasis: When Bob first goes to see Dr. Marvin for treatment, Leo encourages him to call him by his first name, and then later in the movie, as a sign of his continuing SanitySlippage, Leo insists that while he was allowed to call him by his first name in his office, he wants him to call him Dr. Marvin in his home.
* TheFool: Bob. Without even trying, things just work out great for him all the time.
* GodwinsLaw: After dropping Siggy in the lake, Leo turns and sees both the Gutmans floating out in a boat near him, and Mrs. Gutman screams the word "Hitler!" at him, all for the "crime" of buying the house they wanted.
* HeelRealization:
** Sort of -- towards the end, after Leo's snapped once again, his family sit Bob down, tell him that he's the one causing Leo's instability and reluctantly inform him that he has to leave. Bob accepts that he's only making things worse for Leo and agrees to leave; unfortunately for him, while he's actually leaving Leo kidnaps him and straps him to a bomb.
** Earlier in the film, both of Leo's children reveal how difficult it is to interact with him, and Leo confesses to his wife that he feels like a failure. Does he maybe try to find out where he went wrong and make amends? Nope, because a couple minutes later, Leo sees Bob helping Siggy learn how to dive, something he had been repeatedly failing to do, and it all goes downhill from there...
* HollywoodTourettes:
** Faked by Bob. He randomly shouts profanity (and gets Siggy to start doing the same to distract him from his fear of death), reasoning that if he pretends to have Tourette's, then he doesn't have to worry about really having it.
** Possibly played straight by the man who passes Bob on the street in the beginning of the film.
* HourglassPlot: By the end of the movie, [[spoiler: Bob is cured of his pantophobia, and Leo is driven insane and catatonic. In fact, Bob becomes a psychiatrist while Leo is a mental patient.]]
* InsultBackfire: All of Leo's insults, threats and, eventually, murder attempts are like water off Bob's back, as Bob is convinced that it's all merely part of the therapy. Indeed, throughout the movie he has nothing less than the utmost respect for Leo.
* ItsAllAboutMe: Dr. Marvin is this in regards to his patients. He's merely concerned with stroking his own ego over helping people. Over the course of the movie when he attempts to actually treat Bob, he gives him either vague, meaningless advice that could apply to anything, or gives him advice that really has no real ability to help him; such as telling him to simply "Take a vacation from [his] problems." When Bob first walks into his office, Marvin listens to his case with the most profoundly bored expression before just handing him a copy of his book and telling him that it will solve everything (making a note to bill him for said book later). This point is driven home when he receives notice in the middle of the night of Bob's (faked, unbeknownst to him) suicide early in the film. His reaction is to look slightly sad for just a moment and then nonchalantly say that they shouldn't let it spoil their family vacation before promptly going back to sleep, his lack of concern making him look very insensitive.
* {{Jerkass}}: Dr. Marvin has let his professional success go to his head, at the expense of having meaningful connections with his own family, whom he treats more like stubborn patients than loved ones. Though they still love him, his wife and children clearly find his attitude difficult to live with.
* JerkassHasAPoint: It's not hard to see why Leo is so upset at Bob's presence. He's trying to get away from his work, for one, and Bob's behavior is not only inappropriate but of the sort likely to get you landed in jail (or, at the very least, have a restraining order issued against you) if you tried it in real life. Moreover, having every member of his family refuse to take his side on the issue, turning him into the bad guy in the process, only adds to the frustration. Ever known a really annoying guy who keeps trying to hit on your girlfriend (even right in front of you), and you gradually become more and more pissed off, [[MadeOutToBeAJerkass making you into the bad guy for being jealous]]? That's pretty much what it feels like.
* KarmaHoudini: Jackass or not, Leo doesn't deserve a lot of what Bob does to him. Bob's "punishment" [[spoiler:is getting to marry Leo's sister]]. It does help that Bob is well-meaning and often doesn't realize the trouble he's causing for Leo until it's too late.
* LaserGuidedKarma: Given that Leo is a DrJerk and that Bob doesn't ''mean'' to inflict his neuroses on other people (if he was smart enough to understand what he's doing to Leo, he'd be ''horrified''), the whole movie is just the universe evening things out for Bob by letting Leo's previous behavior and treatment towards his family and other people come back to bite him in the ass. Literally, as things get better for Bob they get worse for Leo.
* LenoDevice: Part of the reason we know Leo is professionally successful is that ''Good Morning America'' are interviewing him about his new book.
* LetThePastBurn: Dr. Leo Marvin's lakeside vacation house in New Hampshire is a symbol of his financial success at the cost of strained relationships with just about everyone (his son calls the trip there "another vacation that isn't a vacation", and his neighbors--the Gutmans--hate Dr. Marvin because they were saving to buy that house). At the end, Dr. Marvin tries to kill Bob with explosives, but ends up burning down the house instead. This is the straw that finally breaks Dr. Marvin, and in the next scene he's more or less catatonic. And in the ''next'' scene, Bob unintentionally shocks Dr. Marvin back into full consciousness. Whether or not Dr. Marvin learned anything from the ordeal is an open question.
* LivingShadow: Used in the poster art. While an eager Bob shakes a suspicious Leo's hand, the shadows show a screaming Leo strangling an obliviously laughing Bob.
* LoonyFan: Bob was recommended by his last therapist to Dr. Marvin. Bob takes a liking to Leo to the latter's chagrin.
* MadeOutToBeAJerkass: Apparently, everyone perceives Dr. Marvin as rude and irrational (his own family inclusive) because he doesn't show kindness nor hospitality to the deranged stalker who weasels his way into the doctor's abode and then becomes [[TheThingThatWouldNotLeave the pest of a guest who just won't leave]].
* MinorFlawMajorBreakup: Bob divorced his wife because she loved Neil Diamond. Perhaps the only real bit of psychological help Leo gives him is suggesting he actually divorced her to avoid rejection.
* MySisterIsOffLimits: Bob's apparent romantic interest in Leo's sister Lily both [[spoiler:drives him into and out of catatonia.]]
* NonstandardPrescription: Bob hunts down his psychiatrist Dr. Leo Marvin, who's on vacation in New Hampshire. Dr. Marvin makes Bob promise to go home, then writes Bob a prescription advising Bob to "Take a vacation... from your problems". This backfires, because it inspires Bob to take his vacation right there in New Hampshire, and he becomes TheThingThatWouldNotLeave in the Marvin household.
* OnlySaneMan: Leo is the only one to notice Bob's obvious insanity, instability, and inappropriateness. All the supposedly normal people side with Bob against him. Although it helps that Bob, while clearly not very well-adjusted, is ultimately pleasant, friendly, well-meaning and likable, while Leo is a cold, arrogant, and thoughtless prick even before Bob enters his life. This is gradually inverted as the movie goes on, with Leo becoming more unstable as Bob begins to get better.
* ParentalNeglect: The fact that Leo's wife and kids actually get along better with the neurotic and phobic Bob, who had driven previous psychiatrists insane, should tell you something about what a horrible husband and father Leo is, and serves as fuel for the fire of Leo's growing hatred of Bob.
* PlaceboEffect: Bob taking "baby steps" actually does help distract him from his fears a bit, which is part of what makes him believe that Leo is a great therapist.
* PsychoPsychologist: Even considering Bob's clear detriment on his sanity, Leo jumps to murder attempts quickly enough to make one wonder about how stable he was to begin with, and he doesn't seem like a particularly effective or empathetic therapist beforehand either.
* SanitySlippage: Leo suffers this the more Bob gets involved with his family. Conversely, Bob experiences the ''inverse'' the more he gets involved with Leo and his family, gradually going from a neurotic mess to a well-adjusted man.
* SinkOrSwimMentor: Leo unwittingly and unwillingly becomes this for Bob -- the more desperate his attempts to get rid of Bob become, the more Bob assumes that this is all part of the therapy, and the more Bob ends up being helped by it, to the point Leo unwittingly helps Bob become a healthy and functioning person.
* SmallNameBigEgo: Leo is incredibly vain about his modest success as an author and in getting a television interview.
* SpeakNowOrForeverHoldYourPeace: [[spoiler: Leo breaks out of his catatonia during the wedding of his sister and Bob, letting out a BigNo when the vows are made.]]
* StalkerWithoutACrush: Bob sticks to Leo like glue despite the latter's efforts to get rid of him, as he is convinced that he cannot function properly without constant psychiatric counsel.
* StrappedToABomb: In the climax, [[spoiler:Dr. Marvin snaps and tries to kill Bob by tying him up in the woods and hanging 20 pounds of black powder around Bob's neck. Leo jokingly refers to this as "Death therapy, a guaranteed cure!" Bob is ''completely'' oblivious to how much Leo hates him, so he immediately accepts that this really is some kind of therapy. Bob effortlessly unties himself, but assumes the still-ticking bomb is a prop and takes it with him back to Leo's house.]]
* StuffBlowingUp: [[spoiler: What "Death Therapy" was meant to be. Bob brought the explosives into the house after he got out of the bindings Leo had set tied him with.]]
* SurvivalMantra:
** At the beginning of the film, Bob tries to summon the courage to face his day by pinching his cheeks while repeating, "I feel good. I feel great. I feel wonderful..."
** After his first session with Leo, Bob obsessively repeats "Baby steps..." as he goes through various minor routines which normally leave him paralyzed by anxiety.
* TemptingFate: [[spoiler:Siggy asks the catatonic Leo "[[WhatCouldPossiblyGoWrong What's the worst that could happen?]]" before the film cuts to Bob and Leo's sister's wedding.]]
* TitleDrop: Done a couple of times. For example, when Leo returns from attempting to commit Bob to an institution and then gets a phone call telling him they can't take him as there's no reason to do so, Fay yells "What about Bob?" in an attempt to get an explanation of what has just happened.
* VertigoEffect: One of these shots is used on Leo's face when Bob tells him he left the explosives in the house.
* VitriolicBestBuds: Bob and Leo. [[spoiler: At the end Bob becomes his brother-in-law.]]
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Gill the goldfish is still inside [[spoiler:the house when it explodes, and [[NoCartoonFish no one seems to notice]]]]. Bob briefly mentions staying with the Guttmans, so presumably Gill was safe with them.
* WhereAreTheyNowEpilogue: A text epilogue appears over the final shot, revealing that [[spoiler:Bob went back to college and qualified as a psychiatrist, then wrote a best-seller called ''Death Therapy'' - which has prompted Leo to sue Bob for stealing the idea from him]].
* YankTheDogsChain: After going through all sorts of hell, Leo comes home to a surprise birthday party that his family had planned for him, with his beloved sister Lily showing up. Leo is delighted and it finally seems like things are looking up for him...[[spoiler: until Bob shows up and puts an arm around Lily, causing Leo to attack him in a fit of rage, ruining the party.]]