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[[caption-width-right:299:''Somewhere over the rainbow, skies are blue,[softreturn]and the dreams that you dare to dream really do come true...'']]

->''"Oh, we're off to see the wizard! The Wonderful Wizard of Oz!"''

The 1939 Creator/MetroGoldwynMayer film adaptation of ''Literature/TheWonderfulWizardOfOz'' starring Creator/JudyGarland.

The film changed the silver shoes to ruby slippers (depending on this source, this was either to show off the new color technology of the time, or because silver shoes didn't show up well), merged the two good witches, cut out several incidents, including all of Dorothy's (admittedly anticlimactic) return to the Emerald City after killing the Witch and the journey from the Emerald City to Glinda's palace, and added the AllJustADream ending--the [[ExecutiveMeddling studio heads]] thought the audience was too sophisticated to accept a "real" fantasyland.[[note]]In ''The Emerald City of Oz'', just before Dorothy, Aunt Em, and Uncle Henry come to Oz once and for all, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry ''think'' that Dorothy's Oz adventures are mere dreams, as well.[[/note]]

This movie has proven so popular that it has had several [[ScreenToStageAdaptation stage adaptations]] written and produced over the years. Professional productions have included [[OnIce a touring ice show in the 1990s]], an AllStarCast concert staging in New York City in 1995, ''another'' N.Y.C. production that ran seasonally at Madison Square Garden later in the decade, and a 2011 London production produced by Creator/AndrewLloydWebber that added several new songs by Lloyd Webber and Creator/TimRice. The 2011 WesternAnimation/TomAndJerry DirectToVideo movie ''Tom and Jerry and The Wizard of Oz'' is a TwiceToldTale version, and got its own follow-up '''Tom and Jerry Return to Oz'' in 2016.

Creator/{{Disney}} has made two films that effectively serve as (unofficial) bookends to this one. 1985's ''ReturnToOz'' is a semi-sequel that's substantially DarkerAndEdgier, but also more faithful to the original Oz novels. 2013's ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful'' is a spiritual prequel to this film, an origin story following the Wizard (played by James Franco) as he first arrives in Oz.

The StockParody OffToSeeTheWizard is almost invariably derived from this version of the story.

While this version is '''by far''' the most well known, and ''much'' more well known than the book it is based on, it is not the only, or even the first film adaptation. There were several silent adaptations, [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Wonderful_Wizard_of_Oz_(1910_film) the oldest surviving of which is from 1910.]] That, curiously enough, was based on a 1902 stage musical. Although most of the music for the show has been lost, the producers of the 1939 version were aware of it, and that may have had an influence on their work. Adaptations were far rarer since then, and most since have been based on the film rather than the book.

----
!!''The Wizard of Oz'' provides examples of:

* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: No one, ''no one'' is upset when either Wicked Witch is killed. The Munchkins, of course, sing "Ding Dong the Witch is Dead", and when the other Wicked Witch is killed, the Winkie guards (who were seemingly her loyal followers) are ecstatic.
* AscendedExtra: The Witch wasn't truly an "extra" in the original book, but she only appeared in one chapter; her role is expanded greatly in this version.
* AdaptationalBadass: While the Witch could cast a few magical spells in the original novel, she's a ''far'' more powerful sorceress in this version; she was not able to do such things as throw fireballs or fly on a broomstick in the novel. Also, in the book she had nothing to do with the poppy field with pollen that lulled Dorothy and the Lion into a slumber; in this version, she created it.
** Also Glinda (albeit by combing her with other characters), who in this version sends a snowstorm to rescue Dorothy from the Poppy spell. She also intentionally sends the Ruby Slippers to Dorothy to protect her from the Wicked Witch, and is even able to scare her away (while in [[PlaceOfPower Munchkinland]] at least) simply by telling her off. In the original book, Glinda only appears in one of the last chapters and her skills in magic are only alluded to. (She makes more use of them in the sequels.)
* AdaptationDistillation: The movie cuts out Dorothy's trip into Quadling Country and Glinda just appears in the Emerald City. It also eliminates the Lion killing a giant spider (which is where he shows his courage).
* AdaptationInducedPlothole: An infamous example. There were ''two'' Good Witches in the book, of which Glinda was the second. The first one, the unnamed Good Witch of the North, met Dorothy when she first arrived in Oz and gave her the slippers, but Glinda (the Good Witch of the South, who didn't meet Dorothy until the end) was the only one who knew that their magic could help Dorothy get back to Kansas. The movie combines them into one character, leading many viewers to wonder why Glinda didn't just tell her how to get back home at the start of the movie.
** The only possible explanation for her behavior being [[FigureItOutYourself that's simply how the magic of the Ruby Slippers works.]] If you don't really want to go home for the right reasons, the slippers won't take you.
** Lampshaded by the Scarecrow. "Then why didn't you tell her before?"
** Glinda's answer: "[[ItsTheJourneyThatCounts Because she had to find out for herself.]]"
* AdaptationalVillainy: In Baum's book, the flying monkeys are a neutral party who only follow the Wicked Witch because they are temporarily forced to serve her through her possession of a magic golden cap and later help Dorothy for the same reason. Here, they're exclusively the Witch's minions. That said, they're still not sorry to see her go.
* AddedAlliterativeAppeal: The Wicked Witch of the West. The Wizard also enjoys using this to intimidate people:
** "You billowing bale of bovine fodder!"
** "You clinking clanking clattering collection of caligenous junk!"
** Glinda the Good.
* AdultFear: When Aunt Em is looking for Dorothy during the tornado. Listen to her voice when she calls out for her one last time before having to retreat into the storm shelter. She sounds absolutely distraught.
** Uncle Henry alludes to another instance: your teenage niece sustains a concussion/fairly serious head injury and doesn't seem to wake for at least sixty minutes. Add to that the fact that he and Auntie Em probably only discovered her after leaving the storm cellar. Who knows, really, how long they were down there?
** Also: Said teenage niece runs away to who-knows-where because a sadistic neighbor threatens to euthanize her dog. Plus, sadistic neighbor ''has the local sheriff in her back pocket.''
** Also when Dorothy falls into the pigpen (see AluminumChristmasTrees below for why that is dangerous). After Zeke rushes in and rescues her, Dorothy quickly realizes that ''he'' was more scared than she was.
* AnAesop: After Glinda asks Dorothy what she's learned, Dorothy gives one.
-->If I ever go looking for my heart's desire again, l won't look any further than my own backyard, because if it isn't there I never really lost it to begin with.
-->[and after Dorothy returns to Kansas] There's no place like home!
* AgeLift: Dorothy is around eight years old in the book but is aged up and played by the 17-year-old Judy Garland. Several sources have said that Dorothy is intended to be twelve in the film. [[SuppressedMammaries Her breasts had to be bound very tightly for her to appear younger]].
* AllJustADream: Unlike in the original books. The reason why it was changed for the film was because MGM felt that 1930's audiences were too sophisticated to accept Oz as a straight ahead fantasy, so they made it as a lengthy, elaborate dream, instead. Though some could argue Dorothy's slippers ''made'' everybody else think it was a dream of Dorothy's.
** After all, ''Literature/AliceInWonderland'', a story no less fantastic, ended in a dream.
** Though Dorothy's adventure is later {{Retcon}}ned into being reality in ''Film/OzTheGreatAndPowerful'' as well as the earlier Film/ReturnToOz.
* AluminumChristmasTrees: The scene where everyone panics on the farm and rushes to Dorothy's aid when she falls in the pig pen. Most these days see it as unintentional hilarity but those who've raised pigs on a farm would know the notorious risk of pigs killing and trying to eat small children.
* AmbiguousSyntax: When the Witch skywrites "SURRENDER DOROTHY" above the Emerald City, she uses no punctuation (which is difficult when skywriting) so it's unclear what her specific message is. It could mean "Surrender, Dorothy" as in "Give up, Dorothy, it's pointless to resist"; or "Surrender Dorothy" as in, "People of the Emerald City, if you've taken Dorothy in, give her to me"? [[DoubleMeaning (Or possibly both?)]]
* AndIMustScream: Dorothy saves the Tin Man from this fate.
* AndThereWasMuchRejoicing: The Wicked Witch of the East is one of the most famous examples.
* AndYourLittleDogToo: The {{Trope Namer|s}}.
* AndYouWereThere: Again, the {{Trope Namer|s}}. The film's ending is also possibly [[TropeCodifier the most famous example]] of this trope. Five different people Dorothy knows in Kansas--the three farmhands, Miss Gulch, and Professor Marvel--pop up in her dream of Oz as different people.
* ArmorPiercingSlap: Dorothy hitting the Cowardly Lion. Apparently it hurt so much that he thought his nose was bleeding.
* TheArtifact: In the scene where the Wicked Witch sends her army of flying monkeys to steal the ruby slippers, she has a somewhat baffling line where she says, "I've sent a little insect on ahead to take the fight out of them!" Some viewers assumed that the insect was what picked up the Tin Woodman and dropped him, but her line actually referred to the scrapped "Jitterbug" sequence. The producers apparently forgot to cut out all references to the nonexistent scene/character (or just hoped that the audience wouldn't notice -- or would retcon it into something else).
* BeautyEqualsGoodness: Shamelessly: "Only bad witches are ugly." Of course you could say it's a case of a persons "inside matching their outside", which is likely why Glinda felt the need to ''ask'' Dorothy's intentions when she mistook her for a witch.
* BelievingTheirOwnLies: True for all three of Dorothy's friends.
** The Scarecrow says he doesn't have a brain, but he's actually pretty clever.
** The Tin Woodsman says he doesn't have a heart, but he's the most empathic, and sobs a ''lot'', too.
** The Cowardly Lion claims he has no courage, but manages to find it inside him when Dorothy is in danger.
* BerserkButton: Dorothy gets a bit touchy whenever others try to harm Toto. For example, after she slaps the Cowardly Lion when he goes for Toto:
-->'''Dorothy''': ''Shame on you!''\\
'''Cowardly Lion''': What did you do that for? I didn't bite him!\\
'''Dorothy''': No, but you tried to!
* BigBad: The Wicked Witch of the West.
* BigGood: Glinda the Good Witch.
* BondVillainStupidity: Arguably. That hourglass was super spooky, but why didn't the Wicked Witch just kill Dorothy and take the shoes? Possibly [[JustifiedTrope justified]] via MagiBabble:
--> '''Wicked Witch of the West''': "... as long as you're alive. But that's not what concerns me. It's ''how'' to do it. These things must be done ''delicately'' or you hurt the spell."
* BootstrappedTheme: The music (Glinda's {{Leitmotif}}) heard during the MGM logo opening this movie also played during the MGM/UA Home Video [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=A_xKFhY-Kp4 logo]] used from 1995-1999.
* BossArenaIdiocy: ''Why'' exactly does the wicked witch allow buckets of water within a mile of her castle, let alone right on a handy shelf? Granted, there's all those torches, but is she really the type to worry about fire safety?
* BrokenAesop: The moral Dorothy learned during the film was that everything she wants is at her home in Kansas. However, while she did wish to travel the world, she wasn't dissatisfied with her life on the farm and she only ran away because she was scared Miss Gulch would kill Toto.
** This is rectified by the musical, for which the opening number is entitled "Nobody Understands Me" and Dorothy expresses her feelings of loneliness and being misunderstood.
* CanonForeigner: The five people who Dorothy knows who appear in her dream - Hunk, Zeke, Hickory, Miss Gulch, and Professor Marvel - were created exclusively for the film, likely to use the [[ButYouWereThereAndYouAndYou "dream counterpart angle"]] as a plot device.
* CartoonBugSprayer: The Cowardly Lion arms himself against the Wicked Witch with one of these.
* ChekhovsGun: The Tin Man lugs his axe around for three-quarters of the film until he's ''finally'' able to use it to smash open the door in the Witch's castle.
* TheChessmaster: To modern audiences, who are a tad more cynical, it's often [[AlternateCharacterInterpretation suggested]] that Glinda was simply manipulating Dorothy, turning her into an accidental assassin that could kill the Witches and remove the Wizard; thus leaving Glinda poised to seize control of Oz in the aftermath.
** While this is an unfair assessment of Glinda, it's actually an accurate way of describing the Wizard of Oz himself when he sent Dorothy and the others on a quest after the Witch's broom.
** If you interpret the movie as a ComingOfAgeStory for Dorothy, then maybe Glinda does, indeed, qualify for the Trope, but with more benign motives.
* ClingyMacGuffin: The ruby slippers won't come off Dorothy's feet, and shock the Witch when she tries to remove them. In the original book, however, Dorothy could and did frequently remove the silver shoes.
* CoolHorse: The Horse of a Different Color that pulls the Handsome Cab in the Emerald City; astute viewers will note that it changes to a ''different'', equally unusual color each time the camera pans away and then back to it. (However, being an actual horse, it doesn't fit the HorseOfADifferentColor trope.)
* ComeOutComeOutWhereverYouAre: "...and meet the young lady who fell from a star..."
* ComicallyMissingThePoint: Invoked as Uncle Henry's ObfuscatingStupidity in this gem of a sequence:
-->'''Miss Gulch:''' Mr. Gale!
-->'''Uncle Henry:''' Howdy, Miss Gulch!
-->'''Gulch:''' I want to see you and your wife right about Dorothy.
-->'''Henry:''' Dorothy? Well, what has Dorothy done?
-->'''Gulch:''' What's she done? I'm all but lame from the bite on my leg!
-->'''Henry:''' You mean she bit you?
-->'''Gulch:''' No, her dog!
-->'''Henry:''' Oh, she bit her dog, eh?
-->''(Henry swings the gate closed onto Miss Gulch's behind.)''
-->'''Gulch:''' No!
* CompositeCharacter: In the original version, Dorothy was given her mission upon arriving by the Witch of the North, and didn't meet Glinda until the conclusion. In this version, Glinda combines the roles of both the benevolent witches. Glinda also takes on the role of the Snow Queen (a character from one of Baum's stage plays) by rescuing Dorothy from the poppy fields by sending a snowstorm (in the original book, the Scarecrow and Tin-Man carry Dorothy out and the Lion is eventually pulled out by a [[ItMakesSenseInContext huge team of field mice]], on a wooden cart made by the Tin Man).
* TheCoroner: The Munchkin Coroner's part in the song (where he confirms the Witch of the East's death) [[OneSceneWonder was rather brief]], but [[CrowningMomentOfFunny one of the most memorable parts.]] (It's currently the quote for the Trope page.)
* CosmeticAward: The Wizard's gifts to the Scarecrow, Tin Man, and Lion "prove" to them that they already have the brains, heart, and courage they've been looking for.
* CrazyPrepared: Oddly enough, the beauty salon at the Emerald City had facilities for both the Scarecrow ''and'' the Tin Woodsman.
* CrosscastRole: Toto was played by a female Cairn terrier, named Terry.
* CurtainCamouflage
* [[CuteClumsyGirl Cute Clumsy Man]]: The Scarecrow is afflicted with the weakest legs you ever saw. Several times throughout the film he trips and has to pick himself back up again, and is practically half-dragged along whenever all four of them skip on the Yellow Brick Road. {{Justified|Trope}} in that he's made of straw.
* DarkerAndEdgier:
** While it doesn't seem like this to the average viewer, some parts are considerably darker than the book. When writing the book, [[WordOfGod Baum explicitly said]] that he wanted to make a story with all the wonder of a classic fairy tale but none of the horror and tragedy. By contrast, the movie features Toto getting sentenced to death, as well as Dorothy and her friends nearly getting killed by the Witch and her minions several times. Instead of the book's comical Witch, the movie's Witch is a genuinely scary villain with obvious sadistic tendencies. And instead of being neutral creatures answering to the Witch's three wishes, the movie's flying monkeys are eerily silent monstrosities who serve the Witch as mindless slaves.
** Then again, there are moments when the movie is LighterAndSofter than the book. The book explicitly had Dorothy's companions kill the creatures sent by the Wicked Witch and the origin of the Tin Woodsman is considerably horrific.
** The biggest change in this regard is that, in the book, the Good Witch of the North put a charm on Dorothy that prevented anyone in Oz from hurting her, so throughout the entire story she's never actually in any physical danger. The movie limits it to a brief kiss on Dorothy's forehead.
* DarkReprise: A Cut Song (see above) of "Over The Rainbow". It had to be recorded live on set as Judy would have had to act in addition to singing it. Reportedly the performance reduced the entire cast and crew to tears.
* DeathsHourglass: The Wicked Witch uses this to freak Dorothy out, though people don't actually die in the Oz series other than the witches.
* DebutQueue: Dorothy meets the Scarecrow, the Tin Man, and the Cowardly Lion in succession. This is one of the most iconic and well-remembered examples of the trope.
* DeliberatelyMonochrome:
** In the 1939 movie, the real world scenes are black and white tinted in a sepia tone and the Oz scenes are in color. [[MythologyGag This is based on the novel, in which Baum makes a point of describing everything in Kansas as gray]].
* DeusExMachina: The heroes are cornered, surrounded by all the guards of the Wicked Witch of the West. The Witch herself, gloating in victory, lights the Scarecrow on fire and Dorothy tosses a bucket of water to put him out, some of it splashing the Witch. Lo and behold, ''water'' turns out to be the Witch's weakness and she suddenly begins melting for no explainable reason. And all those guards that were surrounding the heroes don't go on a RoaringRampageOfRevenge but instead [[AndThereWasMuchRejoicing are all cheering that she's dead]]. Makes one wonder why they didn't splash some water on her themselves if they hated her so much, or why the Witch kept such a lethal substance lying around in the castle. The melting was taken from the book, with the movie giving Dorothy a plausible reason to throw the bucket of water.
** Presumably there was mind control involved. Some stage plays include the witch mentioning that she put the Winkies under a spell.
** Glinda floating down out of nowhere to tell Dorothy how to get home after all, instantly resolving the central conflict.
* {{Disneyfication}}: The books contain a surprising amount of casual and sometimes decidedly un-PC violence: in the first one alone -- besides the wholesale witchicide -- the Scarecrow twists the necks of crows sent to attack them, the Tin Woodsman chops the heads off vicious wolves, and the Cowardly Lion swats the head off a giant spider with his paw. And, of course, the Tin Woodsman became tin by gradually having all his bits cut off and replaced -- up to and including his head.
** Additionally in the book Dorothy intentionally throws the bucket of water on the Wicked Witch after she's mean to the Cowardly Lion (she doesn't know it'll make her melt of course). The film changes this to Dorothy trying to put out a fire on the Scarecrow's arms and the water accidentally splashing on the Witch.
* DontGoInTheWoods: Or rather, Don't Continue On To The Witch's Castle. "I'd turn back if I were you!"
* TheDragon: Nikko, the leader of the Flying Monkeys.
* DramaticCurtainToss: "Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain."
* DreamLand: Dorothy's adventure ''may'' have only been a dream. The tornado winds knock Dorothy out, and everything spins in a delirium about her. The tornado picking up the house is clearly part of the dream, as she sees various impossible scenes out the window, such as an elderly neighbor knitting in her rocker, a pair of men rowing in a rowboat, culminating in Miss Gulch riding her bicycle changing into the Wicked Witch of the East.[[note]]Most likely[[/note]]
** An argument against it being a dream is that in Dorothy's return trip home via the Ruby Slippers, the house is again seen falling to the ground. The slippers might have transported Dorothy and the house back to the Kansas farm, leaving her in bed with having taken a bump on her head. Various sources say that the falling house is the last of a cut sequence as part of Dorothy's delirious return, where she remembers various scenes of Oz in reverse order, all cut out except the falling house.
* DressingAsTheEnemy: The Scarecrow, Tin Man, and Cowardly Lion [[MuggedForDisguise steal the Winkies' uniforms]] to get into the Wicked Witch of the West's castle.
* DungeonMaster: Glinda made Dorothy trek through Oz on her quest to get home, only to tell Dorothy that she already knew the ruby shoes could get her home. Of course she never abandoned her, she simply knew the only way Dorothy could learn to work the shoes was through first-hand experience.
* EverythingsBetterWithSparkles: The sequins on Glinda's dress.
* EverythingsSparklyWithJewelry: The slippers being changed from silver to ruby.
* EvilCounterpart: The Wicked Witch to Glinda.
* EvilIsHammy: The Witch of the West.
* EvilLaugh: One of the most iconic examples. Margaret Hamilton sure could cackle.
* EvilWearsBlack: The witch's dress and hat.
* ExactWords: In this version, the Wizard doesn't actually demand that Dorothy and her companions act as assassins (as he does in the novel) he merely demands they bring her broomstick. The majesty and formality of the Wizard virtually requires him to request the broomstick, rather than outright request her killing, just as the majesty and formality requires the Wizard to refer to her as "The Witch of the West", omiting "Wicked". Of course, they quickly realize that his ''intent'' is for them to kill her, as they'd never get it any other way.
* ExtremelyShortTimespan: The film is implied to take place in the span of a few days.
* FallingChandelierOfDoom
* FamousLastWords: Okay, everyone say it together: "You cursed brat! Look what you've done! I'm melting! melting! Oh, what a world! What a world! Who would have thought a good little girl like you could destroy my beautiful wickedness..."
* TheFilmOfTheBook
* {{Fireballs}}: "Here, Scarecrow! Wanna play ball?"
* FireWaterJuxtaposition: The Wicked Witch of the West repeatedly uses fire to torment out heroes--she teleports in a ball of fire and smoke, hurls fireballs at the Scarecrow to taunt him, and ultimately tries to burn him alive--but ([[ItWasHisSled famously]]) meets her death when she melts after being splashed with water. More subtly, the Scarecrow and the Tin Man also have fire and water as their respective weaknesses: the Scarecrow is vulnerable to being burned, and the Tin Man easily rusts in the presence of water.
* ForcedToWatch: What the Wicked Witch attempts at the climax. "The last one to go will see the first three go before her, and her mangy little dog too."
* {{Foreshadowing}}: A very discreet piece of foreshadowing is in "Ding Dong The Witch Is Dead" in a line between two munchkins, foreshadowing the existence of the three OTHER witches of OZ...
-->'''Munchkin 1:''' Which Witch?
-->'''Munchkin 2:''' The Wicked Witch!
* TheFourthWallWillNotProtectYou: When Dorothy is trapped in the Witch's castle, she sees an image of Aunt Em looking around for her in the Witch's crystal ball. Dorothy futily tries to call out to her, but Aunt Em's image is replaced by the Wicked Witch who mocks Dorothy and then turns to cackle ''directly at the audience'' as if to say "I'm coming for you next!"
* GiantPoofySleeves: Glinda's dress.
* GirlishPigtails; Dorothy wears these until her makeover at the Emerald City.
* GrassIsGreener
* HandWave: Attempted. When asked why she never told Dorothy about the shoes' abilities, Glinda replies, "you wouldn't have believed me."
* HappyPlace: The entire Land of Oz is this for Dorothy, a place where there isn't any trouble (for the first two acts, at least) and bathed in color.
* {{Homage}}: Ray Bolger was a major fan of Fred Stone, who originally played the Scarecrow in the 1902 musical. His loose-limbed dancing and walk were copied from Stone's characterization. (Stone played the Scarecrow so well that he appeared on stage so motionless for the first act that the audience thought it was a prop, not an actual actor!)
* HorseOfADifferentColor: A LiteralMetaphor, as the Gatekeeper does an InvokedTrope on a purple horse.
* HostageForMacGuffin: Subverted in that the Wicked Witch demands the ruby slippers in return for Toto (who is being waterboarded), but the slippers are stuck to Dorothy's feet and won't come off. Although Dorothy agrees to hand over the slippers (since losing the slippers is preferable to losing her dog), the Witch gets a nasty shock when she tries to remove them.
* HugeHolographicHead: One of the guises assumed by the Wizard.
* {{Hypocrite}}: Due to Dorothy's companions not believing in themselves, their actions tend to contrast their words. Though the Scarecrow claims to not have a brain, he's a rather smart character. Though the Tin Man claims to not have a heart, he's shown to be quite a sensitive character (which is unfortunate since though he's a tin man, he cries water instead of oil), and the Cowardly Lion despite claiming what his name would indicate is brave enough to try to protect Dorothy from the witch instead of abandoning his companions.
* IconicOutfit: Dorothy is mostly remembered as wearing a blue-and-white checkered dress and the ruby slippers with brunette hair braided in pigtails.
* ImplausibleDeniability: The Wizard is caught as just a man, but tries a last ditch save with the line "Pay no attention to that man behind the curtain!"
* IncorruptiblePurePureness: Dorothy and Friends are really bright and very sweet characters to contrast the Wicked Witch of the West.
* InelegantBlubbering: Mostly by the Cowardly Lion. Wizard's doorman does his share too, overlapping with OcularGushers.
* InformedFlaw: Dorothy's traveling companions. The "brainless" Scarecrow hatches most of the plots that get the party out of trouble. The "heartless" Tin Man has been labeled [[http://decentfilms.com/reviews/wizardofoz "the most sensitive character in the history of film."]]. The exception is the Cowardly Lion, whose eventual courage is a result of CharacterDevelopment.
* InnocentBigot: Dorothy, in regards to witches. Glinda sets the record straight to her in record time during their first meeting, and Dorothy apologizes to Glinda upon finding out that she was a witch, too (specifically, the Witch of the North).
* InstantlyProvenWrong: Immediately after the Wizard's HugeHolographicHead threatens Dorothy and company, Toto accidentally exposes him for the humbug he is.
-->'''Wizard''': Pay no attention to the man behind the curtain!
* ItWasWithYouAllAlong
* ItsTheJourneyThatCounts: The TropeCodifier. Glinda states Dorothy had to learn for herself she had the power.
* IWantSong: "Over the Rainbow", perhaps one of the best examples of an "I Want" song. Also, "If I Only Had a Brain/a Heart/the Nerve".
* JerkassHasAPoint:
** Toto went into Miss Gulch's yard, chased her cat up a tree, and bit Miss Gulch on the leg. Okay, Miss Gulch should have been kinder and far more lenient, but face it, she's well within her rights to be upset.
** The Talking Trees. They are trapped in place, unable to move, and every now and then, people come along to snatch off pieces of their body and eat them. What makes it even more terrifying is that since apples carry seeds, the trees are forced to watch people steal and eat their BABIES. Their anger at Dorothy is pretty justified.
* JunglesSoundLikeKookaburras: A kookaburra can briefly be heard in the forest. Could be explained away by noting that Oz is a DreamLand.
* KickTheDog: The Wicked Witch gets a good number of these:
** Threatening Dorothy's dog Toto in the {{Trope Namer|s}} for AndYourLittleDogToo.
** Ordering her {{mooks}} to drown Toto anyway after Dorothy had already agreed to do what the Witch asked.
** Trapping Dorothy in a room with an evil hourglass, making Aunt Em appear in her crystal ball, and then sadistically mocking her once she's completely broken down.
** The above-mentioned ForcedToWatch attempt at the climax.
* KillItWithWater: The Wicked Witch of the West.
* LargeHam: [[WorldOfHam They all have their moments]], but The Wicked Witch Of The West takes the cake. That woman was having fun.
* LettingHerHairDown: When Dorothy gets her makeover in the Emerald City, her hair is let down out of its pigtails (though still partially tied up).
** The style is a modified "lioness", and was popular off and on through the 1970s.
* LighterAndSofter: In some regards, though a few elements are also noticeably darker than in the book. In particular, Dorothy and her companions come off as a bit more innocent here, whereas the book featured them occasionally having to use violence to overcome the odds against them (the book has them outright ''killing'' the animals that the Witch sends against them, and it includes a scene where the Cowardly Lion proves his courage by killing a monster in its sleep). The Tin Man's grisly origin, where he got his metal body after a magic spell cursed him to hack off his limbs, is also never brought up in the movie.
* LiteralMetaphor: Upon learning that Dorothy has the ruby slippers, the doorman at the gate to Oz responds that that is "a horse of a different color". In the next scene, the party sees a color-changing horse, referred to as "the Horse of a Different Color [they'd] heard tell about".
* LittlePeopleAreSurreal: Munchkins sure are odd.
* LogicalWeakness: Scarecrow and Tinman are almost invulnerable, but Scarecrow is very flamible and Tin Man rusts incredibly easily.
* TheMakeover: In "The Merry Old Land of Oz".
* TheManBehindTheCurtain: {{Trope Namer|s}}.
%%* {{Melodrama}}
* MilesGloriosus: The Lion starts out this way when Dorothy, the Scarecrow, and the Tin Man first meet him. It doesn't last long.
* MonochromeToColor: The film used this to show the splendor of Oz, as well as to show off the Technicolor.
* MoodWhiplash: The movie cuts right from "Over the Rainbow" to Miss Gulch riding in on her bicycle, complete with ''that'' music.
** After first blowing the audience's mind by [[SugarWiki/VisualEffectsOfAwesome going from sepia to technicolor]] and giving one cheerful EarWorm after another, everything comes crashing down when the Wicked Witch of the West appears in a flash of fire.
* MuggedForDisguise: Dorothy's three friends get into the castle after beating up three guards and taking their uniforms. [[PaperThinDisguise It isn't the best disguise]], but it works.
* TheMusical
* TheMusicMeister: The stage version often includes a Cut Song from the movie, "The Jitterbug," in which a literal bug causes Dorothy and company to break into a frenetic jitterbug.
* MythologyGag:
** The two men in the rowboat are a reference to the "[[http://www.hungrytigerpress.com/tigertunes/baffinsbay78.mp3 Hurrah For Baffin's Bay]]" number from the original 1902 musical. The cow is a reference to Imogene, who replaced Toto on stage as well.
** The movie changes Dorothy's silver shoes from the book into ''ruby'' slippers. Though this was ostensibly done so that the production staff could show off their Technicolor technology, the ruby slippers can also be considered a subtle nod to the region of Quadling Country, which was cut from the movie. In the book, Quadling Country was filled with ruby mines, and it took red as its totemic color. Note that the ruler of Quadling Country--who sat on a throne of rubies--was also the one who finally told Dorothy that the shoes could send her home.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: The villain is named The ''Wicked'' Witch of the West.
* NiceGuy: Dorothy really lucked out in meeting the guys when she first came to Oz. The Cowardly Lion seems mean at first, but it turns out it is just a JerkassFacade with which to hide the fact he's really terrified of them.
* NoblewomansLaugh: A rare wholesome example from Glinda when confronting the Wicked Witch of the West with this line: "Ohoho, rubbish! You have no power here. ''Begone! Before someone drops a house on you too!''"
** Burke ''sells'' that line, and Hamilton's reaction is priceless. She ducks and looks up, clearly half convinced Glinda could ''make'' another house drop. And she probably could, too.
* [[UsefulNotes/AmericanAccents Noo Yawk]]: The Cowardly Lion gots a lot of Brooklyn in dis film, 'coz he's got noive.
* NotableOriginalMusic: Practically all of the songs count, but "Over the Rainbow" is the most famous; it not only won the Oscar for Best Song, but also became Creator/JudyGarland's SignatureSong and has even become a BootstrappedTheme for ''MGM itself''.
* NotNowKiddo: Dorothy gets this from Auntie Em and Uncle Henry when she is trying to tell them about what Miss Gulch did to Toto.
* ObfuscatingStupidity: Uncle Henry. Just looking at him you can tell he's just playing dumb to avoid trouble from Miss Gulch, like the way he asks if Dorothy was the one who bit her right before slamming the gate on her butt.
* OddFriendship: This is a story where a young girl from Kansas, a scarecrow, a TinMan, and a CowardlyLion become TrueCompanions and go on a HerosJourney together. All of them are looking for something, [[AnAesop only to find that, in the end, what they were searching for was right in front of them the whole time.]]
* OffstageVillainy
* OhCrap: The Wicked Witch before melting.
* PanAndScan: Inverted. The movie was filmed in 4:3, but the theatrical re-releases from 1955 and 1999 presented the movie with the top and bottom missing for widescreen projection. The IMAX 3D re-release restores the movie to its original 4:3 aspect ratio.
* PaperTiger: When the Cowardly Lion first appears he acts in an aggressive manner, charging the group and challenging them to a fight. When he tries to attack Toto, Dorothy smacks him on the nose and he starts crying. Granted, the Cowardly Lion also turns out to be a CrouchingMoronHiddenBadass later on.
* ParentalBonus: Many lines, especially the Wizard's.
* PimpedOutDress: Glinda's super frilly dress.
* PinkMeansFeminine: Glinda's dress, wings, and [[NiceHat crown-like hat]].
* PluckyGirl: Dorothy is a bit more subdued, but the pluck is still there.
* PragmaticAdaptation: The movie. It can, at times, be difficult to find someone who knows that there are ''two'' good witches, let alone the rest of the stuff cut from the book.
* PublicDomainSoundtrack: The orchestral music that plays in the background when Dorothy's friends are in the Wicked Witch's castle and arrive to rescue Dorothy is ''Music/NightOnBaldMountain'' (the Rimsky-Korsakoff-streamlined version) by Music/ModestMussorgsky.
* {{Pun}}: When Dorothy advises the Wizard that she melted the Witch, he responds that Dorothy "liquidated" her. In addition to its resemblance to "liquefy", the appropriate term for melting someone, "liquidate" is a Stalin-era euphemism for "kill".
* PunchClockVillain: The Wicked Witch's guards, judging by how they react to the heroes killing her.
* RaysFromHeaven: These are used very blatantly during "Over the Rainbow" -- a shot of them through the thick clouds temporarily breaks the footage of Dorothy singing. They emphasise the sky theme and show the height of her hopes.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: The Cowardly Lion's costume looks like something whipped up from old plush and yak fur. It was actually made from a ''real lion'', complete with paws and tail.
* RedEyesTakeWarning: The evil owls and vultures in the Haunted Forest.
* RealIsBrown: For the first part of the film the coloring is a sepia-toned brown, right up until Dorothy steps out into Munchkin Land. Even after all these years, the effect can be quite shocking upon a first viewing.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Auntie Em does a pretty good job with Miss Gulch at the end of the first reel.
* {{Remaster}}: In 1989, the Kansas portions of the movie had the sepia color scheme restored. Audiences for the theatrical re-releases and TV broadcasts from the previous 40 years had only seen them in plain black and white.
** After this movie entered Creator/WarnerBros' possession, along with the rest of the pre-1986 MGM library, WB developed a tendency to commission new restorations every few years, as TechnologyMarchesOn and fans become able to watch the movie at home in progressively higher resolutions.
* RevolversAreJustBetter: [[RiddleForTheAges For some reason that has never been explained by the cast or crew]], the Scarecrow carries one in the Haunted Forest.
* RoyalDecree: The Wizard gives one at the end, telling the people to follow Scarecrow, Lion, and Tin Man in his stead.
* SanitySlippage: The Wicked Witch of the West undergoes one in the second half. Granted, she was always insane as far as the picture was concerned, but up until she figured out that the ruby slippers had been charmed to Dorothy's feet by magic and won't come off as long as she lives, her main goal was to get them back and to get revenge on Dorothy for killing the Witch of the East. Afterwards, she becomes more and more obsessed with destroying Dorothy and her friends with extreme prejudice; the last few times she antagonized the others, it was for helping Dorothy and, later, for trespassing in her territory.
* SarcasmMode: The Wicked Witch of the West has her moment in a line that only appears in the script:
-->'''Witch''': And as for you, my little Dorothy, I wish you luck with the Wizard of Oz, and a happy journey back to Kansas!
* SelfGuardingPhlebotinum: When the Wicked Witch of the West tries to take the Ruby Slippers from Dorothy's feet, they generate an electric shock field that prevents their removal.
* ShaggyDogStory: Dorothy doesn't have an obvious reason to go on the journey at all, if the slippers would have let her return at any time. If there is any reason for waiting, such as the slippers not responding until Dorothy has had an emotional epiphany, it's not explained in the story.
* SignificantDoubleCasting: All the characters in the Kansas sequences reappear in Oz, in similar roles (Prof. Marvel is the Wizard).
* SinisterSchnoz: The Wicked Witch has a prominent and pointy nose to match her gruesome appearance and personality (its actually a prosthetic applied to Margaret Hamilton for the role--her real nose was nowhere as distinct).
* SkipOfInnocence
* SnakeOilSalesman: Professor Marvel was one, and sort of a LoveableRogue type, using his "skills" to trick Dorothy into going home by making her think her aunt was ill when he found out she ran away.
* SolitarySorceress: The Wicked Witch of the West has a castle all to herself, with a platoon of guards patrolling the approach, and a battalion of flying monkeys nearby. Only Nikko, the leader of the latter, is ever seen in the same room as the Witch; otherwise, her servants seem to steer clear unless summoned.
* StageMagician: The Wizard of Oz [[ItWasHisSled as everyone knows by now,]] was not a wizard at all, but a stage magician flung by a tornado into a MagicalLand, where through clever use of stage magic he was able to convince the denizens he was a powerful wizard.
* StandardSnippet: During the escape sequence at the Witch's castle, between the breaking of the door and the Witch's arrival with the hourglass, the soundtrack uses some of Mussorgsky's ''Night on Bald Mountain''. Also, when Dorothy is running home after her encounter with Miss Gulch, the music is a sped-up version of Schumann's ''Happy Farmer.'' (If Dorothy is taking piano lessons, that's probably one of her pieces; also, at the moment she is a rather UN-happy farmer!) Also, the opening music for the movie (just before it the instrumental of "It Really Was No Miracle") uses a snippet of the overture of Tannhäuser.
* SugarBowl
* TermsOfEndangerment: The Wicked Witch tends to refer to Dorothy as "my pretty."
* ThinChinOfSin: The Wicked Witch of the West has a prominently pointy chin to emphasize her nearly inhuman appearance.
* TrueBlueFemininity: Dorothy wears a blue and white dress while traveling through Oz.
* {{Tyrannicide}}: Once the Wicked Witch has been liquidated, the captain of the witch's guards cheers Dorothy and company, and gladly presents them with the witch's broom in gratitude. Presumably, the flying monkeys also bear the protagonists no ill will, since the monkeys nevermore impede Dorothy's progress.
* UnexplainedAccent: Hunk, Hickory, and Zeke live in rural Kansas but sound like they're from New York.
* VileVillainSaccharineShow: In this version of the story the Land of Oz is portrayed as a SugarBowl, but the Wicked Witch of the West remains just as mean (if not meaner) than her literary counterpart. As kid-friendly as this movie is, it's not uncommon to meet serious film buffs who consider the Wicked Witch one of the scariest cinematic characters of all time.
* TheVillainSucksSong: "Ding Dong The Witch Is Dead" is one of the most famous in movie history. The Munchkins stage an entire spontaneously choreographed song number in celebration of Dorothy unwittingly killing the Wicked Witch of the East!
* VillainTeleportation: The Witch can appear and disappear via puffs of red smoke, sometimes with flashes of fire for the hell of it.
* WeatherSavesTheDay: Invoked. The Wicked Witch of the West uses a field of poppies to put Dorothy and the Cowardly Lion to sleep. When all seems lost Glinda, the Good Witch of the North, sends a snowfall to wake them up.
* WeDoTheImpossible: The Wizard's reputation, entirely undeserved. Arguably, Dorothy gains this reputation through her adventures.
* WeaksauceWeakness: You-know-who is brought down by a simple cup of water.
* WelcomingSong: After the Munchkins have finished singing about how happy they are that Dorothy has killed the Witch, they sing "We Welcome You to Munchkin Land".
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Despite kicking off the events of the plot, Miss Gulch's plan to have Toto put down is never even mentioned again when Dorothy gets back to Kansas. It's possible that the tornado simply gave Miss Gulch more important things to worry about, but this is never stated; another theory is that when we saw Miss Gulch swept up in the tornado (before she became the Wicked Witch,) that actually happened and she died in the aftermath.
** If you subscribe to the theory that the events in Oz actually ''did'' happen, then she's definitely dead.
** In the 2011 musical, Aunt Em and Uncle Henry tell Dorothy that Miss Gulch dropped her plan to have Toto put down when she heard that Dorothy had been unconscious for days.
** Other stage versions have Hickory mention after Dorothy returns that [[OffscreenKarma she was hit in the head by debris from the tornado and ended up having to stay in the hospital]].
* WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes: The Scarecrow says he isn't afraid of anything - except a lighted match. (Of course, being made of straw, [[JustifiedTrope you really can't blame him]].)
** In the Haunted Forest, when asked if he's afraid of spooks, the Tin Woodman claims he [[BadLiar doesn't believe in them]]; the Lion is more honest -- after the Tin Woodman is lifted aloft and dropped by something invisible.
* WickedWitch: To be fair, the movie (and the books) are early examples that ''good'' witches can exist too; as opposed to AlwaysChaoticEvil.
* YouHaveNoChanceToSurvive: The Wicked Witch of the West, when pointing at DeathsHourglass to Dorothy: "Do you see that? That's how much longer you've got to be alive! And it isn't long, my pretty! It isn't long!"
* YouMonster: The Scarecrow calls the Wizard a monster after he refuses to give out the promise of the brain for the scarecrow, a heart for the Tin Woodsman, and the Courage for the Lion.
-->'''Scarecrow:''' You monster! What about the heart you promised the Tin Man? And the courage you promised the Cowardly Lion?!
-->'''The Tin Man and the Cowardly Lion:''' and the brain for the Scarecrow?!?
* YourLittleDismissiveDiminutive:
-->'''Wicked Witch of the West''': I'll get you, my pretty! AndYourLittleDogToo!
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