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A 1975 MetroGoldwynMayer ActionAdventure film directed by Creator/JohnMilius, '''''The Wind and the Lion''''' tells a [[VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory fictionalized]] version of the 1904 "[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Perdicaris_incident#Perdicaris_incident Pedicaris incident]]."

When an American woman, Eden Pedicaris (Creator/CandiceBergen), and her two children are kidnapped in Morocco by a Berber chieftain, Mulai Ahmed el Raisuli (Creator/SeanConnery), President TheodoreRoosevelt (Brian Keith) sends warships and Marines, leading to an international confrontation. The film focuses on the personal conflict between Roosevelt and Raisuli, and on the romance between Raisuli and Mrs. Pedicaris.

''The Wind and the Lion'' is a [[RatedMForManly good old-fashioned high adventure]]. While it does not allow the beauty of the thing to be [[ArtisticLicense spoiled with obsessive accuracy]], it features loving attention to period ''details'', impressive set-piece action sequences, memorable acting and dialogue, and a sweeping [[MusicOfNote musical score]] by JerryGoldsmith.

John Milius later also directed and wrote ''Film/TheRoughRiders'', a spiritual prequel.
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* ActionFilmQuietDramaScene: Many.
** "I am bluffing too."
** Mrs. Pedicaris playing chess with Raisuli.
* ActionMom: Mrs. Pedicaris is always one, although she doesn't actively wield a weapon until half-way through the movie.
* AristocratsAreEvil: The Bashaw
* AsianSpeekeeEngrish: Amusingly and ''pointedly'' averted with the Japanese ambassador during Roosevelt's birthday dinner. The Secretary of State had been condescending to the ambassador since the dinner began (asking such insipid questions as "Likee forkee", in regard to the silverware they were using). And then the ambassador stands to give Roosevely a rather eloquent congratulatory speech in perfect, unaccented English, after which he sits down, smiles at the Secretary of State, and asks the man, "You likee speechee?"
* AuthorityEqualsAsskicking: The Raisuli is clearly the toughest fighter in his whole outfit. Roosevelt is also shown practicing boxing, archery and marksmanship, one of the many ways that the two men are NotSoDifferent.
* {{Badass}}: several characters
** TheodoreRoosevelt, of course
** The Raisuli
** Captain Jerome and the [[SemperFi Marines]]
** [[TookALevelInBadass by the end of the film]], Mrs. Pedicaris certainly qualifies
** arguably, the German officer, Colonel [[TheVonTropeFamily von]] Roerkel
* BadassBoast
* BigDamnHeroes: Raisuli rescuing the Pedicaris family from the desert bandits
* BloodKnight
** In the fight with the bandits, and the final duel with von Roerkel, Raisuli is clearly enjoying himself.
** Captain Jerome.
** TheodoreRoosevelt would love to get out of DC, go to Morocco, and be one himself.
* CaliforniaDoubling: Though the story is set in Morocco and the US, nearly everything was shot on location in Spain.
* CasualDangerDialogue: Lots of it
* CatchPhrase
** "Pedicaris alive--or Raisuli dead!" (an example of TruthInTelevision)
** "You are a great deal of trouble."
** "No respect for human life!"
* TheCavalry
* CoolSword: The Raisuli's golden-handled saber, which gets its own loving introductory shot.
* DareToBeBadass: Mrs. Pedicaris and her son William.
* DeadpanSnarker: at various times, TheodoreRoosevelt, his Secretary of State John Hay, and Mrs. Pedicaris, but Raisuli has the best snark of all:
--> '''Eden Pedicaris:''' Why would anyone want to [[{{Squick}} cut out a man's tongue]]?
--> '''Raisuli:''' Perhaps the previous owner had nothing pleasant to say.
* DidNotGetTheGirl: [[spoiler:Raisuli rides off alone, leaving Mrs. Pedicaris behind]].
* DramaticIrony: Several statesmen acknowledge that if their military action fails, the whole world will be swept into a war. They marvel at such a concept about ten years before it actually happens for the first time.
* {{Eagleland}}: President Roosevelt's musings on the character of the American grizzly bear. "The American Grizzly Bear is the symbol of the American character: strength, intelligence, ferocity... a little blind and reckless at times..." Also plays out with the reckless adventurism of the Marine captain.
* EvilUncle: Played with. Both Raisuli and the vizier are the Sultan's uncles.
* FakeNationality: Scottish Sean Connery as a Berber.
* FinalBattle: The three-sided confrontation between the Bashaw's retainers and the Germans holding Raisuli, the Berber cavalry attacking the town from the outside, and Mrs. Pedicaris and the Marines in the middle
* {{Foreshadowing}}: There are numerous foreshadowings of WorldWarOne.
** At one point, Raisuli scoffs at Industrial Age warfare: "The Europeans have guns which fire many times promiscuously and rend the earth, but there is no honor in this; nothing is decided by this."
** Captain Jerome: "Gentlemen, if we fail and are killed, I certainly hope the world DOES go to war!"
* FunnyBackgroundEvent: While Roosevelt is ruminating on the grizzly bear, a horse is rolling in the background. The director's commentary remarks that that was a [[ThrowItIn coincidence]], and that most people would have reshot the take.
* GentlemanAdventurer: TheodoreRoosevelt; Also, Sir Joshua Kenyon-Smith, the Briton who runs out of bullets ("Oh, damn.") in the opening fight sequence
* GoingNative: The kids have no problems with the idea, although their mother certainly does.
* GoryDiscretionShot: The beheading sequence
* GunpointBanter: Mrs. Pedicaris and Captain Jerome
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mulai_Ahmed_er_Raisuni#mediaviewer/File:Raisuli.JPG This]] is what the Raisuli actually looked like.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Most historical accounts show Raisuli as a vicious mixture of feudal bandit and political power player. For instance: Walter Harris recounts that when Raisuli's brother-in-law planned to take a second wife, Raisuli stormed the wedding party and hacked the bride and her mother to death. Thus, depicting him as a virtuous freedom fighter is a bit of a stretch. However, he ''was'' reportedly very polite to his ransomable captives.
* HollywoodDarkness: Used a few times. Most obvious is the night escape, in which blue skies with fluffy white clouds are clearly visible in some shots.
* HollywoodHistory: "Why spoil the beauty of the thing with accuracy?" The real-life Pedicaris was a man, and Raisuli was simply granted his demands.
* HypocriticalHumor: "This Roosevelt--does he have no respect for human life?!"
* ImprobableAimingSkills: Raisuli picking off the desert bandits from several hundred yards away using only the iron sights on his Mauser rifle
* InappropriateHunger: The Sultan continues to snack while his personal guard is slaughtered. He knows that they have no chance of winning and that the attackers won't harm him, so he's just letting it all play out without any apparent interest in the loss of life.
* IndyPloy: The attempt to free the Raisuli
* IneffectualDeathThreats: Raisuli [[spoiler: has no intention of harming the Pedicarises]]
* InsultBackfire: when the Bashaw declares to Captain Jerome (after the Marines have stormed his palace and killed off his household guard) that "you are a dangerous man, and your President Roosevelt is mad", Jerome smiles, salutes with his sword and hamtastically replies, "Yes, sir!"
* {{Irony}}: The Sultan whines, "It's hard to be Sultan" as the camera lingers on the slaves pulling his massive golden carriage.
* LargeHam: TheodoreRoosevelt; Also the Raisuli (that's "[[AwesomeMcCoolname Mulai Ahmed Mohammed el Raisuli the Magnificent]]" to you, bub!)
* LetsFightLikeGentlemen: Raisuli and von Roerkel
* LonelyAtTheTop: How Roosevelt feels sometimes, ruminating about the American spirit and the loneliness of "great men".
* MajorInjuryUnderreaction: Roosevelt hiding the fact that he'd gone blind in one eye as a result of boxing injuries.
* MamaBear: Mrs. Pedicaris
* MasterSwordsman: The Raisuli favors swordplay to all other fighting. He carries a massive, golden saber and defeats all comers.
* MexicanStandoff
* MoodWhiplash: The opening scenes where the Berbers rampage through the Pedicaris home, slaughtering their servants and friends, is punctuated by brief moments of slapstick comedy. When Mrs. Pedicaris bonks a Berber in the head with a bottle, he has a ''Looney Tunes''-like reaction. Later, a Berber bonks a nurse in the head, causing her to stiffen up and wander away cartoonishly.
* MusicOfNote: By JerryGoldsmith.
* NoHuggingNoKissing: Raisuli and Pedicaris have a chaste relationship that never ''quite'' becomes overtly romantic.
* NoMrBondIExpectYouToDine: How Raisuli treats the Pedicarises and his other captives... well, some of them, anyway.
-->'''John Hay''': He kidnapped a [[ShoutOut British consul]] once, but they became friends and he sent him back - he spat on the blood money.
-->'''Theodore Roosevelt''': Spat on it?
-->'''John Hay''': Yes. There've been others, though -- Spanish and French emissaries.
-->'''Theodore Roosevelt''': Did he send them back too?
-->'''John Hay''': ''Parts'' of them.
* NoOneGetsLeftBehind
* NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent: Connery makes a very light stab at an vaguely Middle Eastern accent, but his native Scottish overwhelms it.
* NotSoDifferent: Numerous parallels are drawn between the Raisuli and Roosevelt.
* TheNounAndTheNoun
* OverlyLongName: Mulai Ahmed Mohammed el Raisuli
* ProudWarriorRaceGuy: Raisuli, and by extension all the Berbers.
* RatedMForManly
* RecliningReigner: The Bashaw when the Marines bust into the palace.
* TheReveal: Toward the end, the Raisuli lets slip that he already has ''several'' wives. Mrs. Pedicaris is stunned to awkward silence.
* RoyalBrat: The Sultan of Morocco
* ShownTheirWork: While the plot is largely an invention, the setting bears quite a lot of historical detail.
** Brian Keith's portrayal is very faithful to TheodoreRoosevelt's personality.
** Hard-core military history buffs will also be impressed by the gorgeous MatteShot of the armored cruiser ''[[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Brooklyn_%28CA-3%29 USS Brooklyn]]'' and the Marines' [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Krag_rifle Krag-Jorgensen rifles]] and [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M1895_Colt-Browning_machine_gun Colt "potato digger"]] machine guns.
** Captain Jerome carrying of the sword at the double (at port, flat to his body, left hand guiding the blade). Usually known only to Marine officers and noncommissioned officers, the latter only after they've been through NCO School.
** Judging from Rosita Forbes' biography of Raisuli, his penchant for archaic aphorisms is very accurate.
** Milius's depiction of Abdelaziz's court, including bicycle polo and the servant-drawn royal carriage, closely resemble passages from Walter Harris's book ''Morocco That Was'' (1921). Harris was an English diplomat who was himself kidnapped by Raisuli in 1903. Mr. Harris gets a ShoutOut in the film; see the dialogue above at NoMrBondIExpectYouToDine.
* SilkHidingSteel: Mrs Pedicaris may seem like a Victorian ProperLady...but she's also a LadyOfWar [[MamaBear with two children to protect.]]
* SmartPeoplePlayChess: Raisuli and Mrs. Pedicaris, complete with [[GunpointBanter pawn-point banter]]
* StiffUpperLip: When Berber warriors attack Mrs. Pedicaris's home, her British guest calmly draws a revolver and kills six Berbers. When he clicks an empty chamber, he simply says, "Damn," and is killed by the next one.
* StockholmSyndrome: The Raisuli kidnaps the Pedicaris family, slaughtering their servants and friends in the process, and yet the whole family decides to risk their life rescuing him by the end.
* TitleDrop: in Raisuli's letter to Roosevelt
* TrainStationGoodbye: ...albeit without a train: "I'll see you again, Missus Pedicaris . . . when we are both like golden clouds on the wind."
* UnresolvedSexualTension: between Raisuli and Mrs. Pedicaris
* VerbalTic: Raisuli sprinkles his speech with [[UnusualEuphemism old sayings and metaphorical turns of phrase]]; for instance, "The lion takes long strides, but the path is worn smooth by pygmy armies." Over the course of the story, Mrs. Pedicaris gradually matches Raisuli metaphor for metaphor, to the point where an exasperated Raisuli complains, "Missus Pedicaris, you speak like a Berber!"
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory
* WarIsGlorious: Raisuli and Roosevelt both agree on this point. The battle sequences are filmed for excitement. In the final battle, an American soldier whoops with enthusiasm while killing Germans.
* WarriorPoet: Raisuli's EstablishingCharacterMoment is him quietly reading by a fountain...while his men pillage the house behind him.
* WorthyOpponent: One of the major themes of the film. "If you pick the road to greatness, and you'll have that choice someday, you'll come to realize that the road traveled by great men is [[LonelyAtTheTop dark and lonely]], and lit only occasionally at intervals by other great men, and sometimes... they're your enemies... they're still the only true luxury you have."
** Roosevelt and Raisuli come to think of each other this way.
** Also, Roosevelt considers the grizzly bear to be one, which is why he insists to the taxidermist that it be displayed "in a fighting stance" and not made to "look like a hairy cow".
** The German officer puts his pistol away to fight Raisuli on his own terms. Raisuli ultimately spares him for the courtesy.
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