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-> ''"The voice you hear is not my speaking voice, but my mind's voice."''

''The Piano'' is a 1993 erotic-drama written and directed by Jane Campion, produced by Jan Chapman, and starring Holly Hunter, Creator/HarveyKeitel, Creator/SamNeill, and Creator/AnnaPaquin (in her acting debut).

Hunter stars as a mute woman named Ada [=McGrath=] who, along with her precocious daughter Flora (Paquin), are shipped off to New Zealand after Ada's father arranges a marriage with her new husband, Alisdair Stewart (Neill). Ada leaves her native early Victorian Scotland, but brings along her beloved piano, which she considers to be her voice, regardless of her silence. Of course, Alisdair doesn't bother with the piano, and it is left on the beach. This leads to Ada's initial reticence at the marriage becoming active hostility, and things become more tense between the newlyweds when Stewart sells the piano to a neighbor, George Baines (Keitel).

Baines proposes a deal to Ada - she can earn her piano back, key-by-key, if she lets him do certain things while she plays. These "things" begin as simple as allowing him to touch her knee through a hole in her stocking, but grow into more overt requests. While Ada initially begins these lessons as a means solely to gain access to her piano, she grows to love Baines, and the two begin a clandestine affair. At the same time, Flora's boredom in the new home leads her to start interfering with the adults around her, and Ada's hatred of Stewart leads him to grow more and more frustrated as things grow ever closer to a breaking point.

It is a very popular film amongst women, often championing the common battle-of-the-sexes debate as to the difference between pornography and erotica: the film has some very explicit sex scenes, but they are very artfully done.

The film received overwhelmingly positive reviews from critics and was also nominated for 8 Academy Awards, and ended up winning 3 of them; Best Actress for Holly Hunter, Best Supporting Actress for Anna Paquin, and Best Original Screenplay for Jane Campion. It also did very well at the box office, as despite its small $7 million production budget, it earned just over $40 million in North America and a total of $140 million worldwide.

Not to be confused with ''Film/ThePianoTeacher'', or ''Film/ThePianist''

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!!Tropes:

* AcademyAward: It won 3 of them (Best Actress, Best Original Screenplay and Best Supporting Actress), and was nominated for 5 others including Best Picture and Best Director.
* AmbiguousSituation: Is the [[TheMasochismTango twisted]] [[ArrangedMarriage relationship]] between Ada, her husband and their neighbour good or bad? Decide yourself.
* ArmorPiercingSlap: Ada gave Baines one after he [[spoiler: threw her away to [[IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy prevent their affair from going any further]]]].
* AscendedExtra: The first thing that people will usually say about the movie is that Anna Paquin won an Oscar for it, even people who don't know what the movie is about. Many people don't know that Holly Hunter also won an Oscar.
* AndIMustScream: Ada is mute, and doesn't make a sound when [[spoiler: Stewart tries to rape her, nor when he cuts off her finger.]] Made even more unsettling by the fact that Ada is ''willingly'' mute and kept quiet because that's her ''habit''.
* ArrangedMarriage: Ada and Alisdair's marriage.
* AxeCrazy: [[spoiler: Alastair becomes this in the end, in a disturbingly literal way.]]
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: Ada got a finger chopped off and was nearly raped by the man who was married to her, when he turned psychotic. And she nearly drowns after throwing out her old piano due to bad memories from said [[{{Yandere}} psychotic ex-husband]]. But she and her daughter are safe, she's starting to talk again, and is with Baines, who is a good, decent man.]]
* BlueAndOrangeMorality: Alisdair can't understand the values and morals of the native Maori. Likewise, they can't understand his.
* BookDumb: Baines is illiterate, but emotionally he's one of the most perceptive characters in the film. He is perhaps the only person who can effectively communicate with both whites and the Maori, and the only person who doesn't immediately think Ada is some sort of freak.
* TheCastShowOff: Holly Hunter, an accomplished pianist, played all of the pieces in the film. It should be known that Music/MichaelNyman's score is ''not easy'' to play. Possibly also a case of CastTheExpert.
* [[ChekhovsGun Chekhov's Axe]]: Overlapping with AxCrazy in one scene.
* [[spoiler: ClickHello]]: Alisdair ''wakes up'' Baines this way.
* CooldownHug: Right after slapping Baines and venting all her (voiceless) anger, he just holds her close.
* CultureClash: During the play about the Bluebeard, the Maori sitting in the audience assume it's real and start saving the girls. It takes quite a while to explain them it was just a play, and it's obvious they don't really understand it. Likewise Alisdair can't figure out why he can't buy the land from the Maori - after all, they don't cultivate it nor they are running lumber operation, so why not sell their ancestoral burial grounds?
* CuteMute: Ada.
* DefrostingIceQueen: Ada
* {{Determinator}}: Ada's most defining trait is probably her stubbornness. She ''is'' going to get her piano back. It's also worth mentioning that Ada is mute out of choice, and not because she was born that way. She just doesn't want to talk.
* DisappearedDad: Flora has never met her real father; he ran off before she was born.
* TheDitz: Nessie and aunt Morag. The latter combines it with StiffUpperLip.
* FantasyForbiddingFather: Alisdair doesn't take much of an active role with Flora, but he clearly disagrees with most fun things Flora wants to do. The piano lessons on a carved table strike him as disturbing, not to mention that he abandoned the piano on the beach.
* {{Fingore}}: [[spoiler: Alisdair cuts off Ada's finger in a fit of rage.]]
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Count all the scenes with close-ups on different axes chopping something.
* GoingNative: Baines shows signs of this.
* HarmfulToMinors: [[spoiler: Flora watches as Alisdair chops off her mother's finger. Then she has to deliver it to Baines.]]
* INeedAFreakingDrink: When Ada returns to Baines after he gave her the piano back, he takes a quick one before trying to convince her that they [[TheMasochismTango shouldn't go any further with their affair]].
* IWantMyBelovedToBeHappy: Baines returns the piano to Ada before their arrangement is over, since he [[spoiler: doesn't want her to feel like a whore]] and wants her to like him instead of being squicked by his mere presence.
* ItsAllMyFault: For a good reason Baines blames himself for what happened to Ada.
* KidsAreCruel: Flora torments a dog so she can comfort it afterwards.
* LonelyDollGirl: This is probably why Flora torments the dog in the first place. She has no one to socialize with, as her mother increasingly ignores her and Alisdair forbids her to play with the native children.
* LonelyPianoPiece: "The Promise", the score's main theme.
* LonersAreFreaks: Everyone's reaction to Ada for her silence and her general lack of interest in other people.
* LoveHurts: To the point where it can almost kill you.
* MailOrderBride: Alisdair never met Ada before her arrival, interacting with only a few sparse letters. Most likely [[ArrangedMarriage with her father]].
* MaleFrontalNudity: Baines.
* [[spoiler: MaritalRapeLicense]]: Where Ada and Alisdair's marriage was heading. It disturbed both of them.
* MarriageBeforeRomance: So painfully averted. There is ''no'' romance whatsoever between Ada and Alisdair, and the longer their marriage exists, the worse it gets.
* MissingMom: Ada's mother is never seen or mentioned.
* MisunderstoodLonerWithAHeartOfGold: Baines
* ParentalNeglect: Flora spends more and more time unsupervised while her mother visits Baines.
* ThePeepingTom: Alisdair finds out about the affair between Ada and Baines pretty fast. More - he catches them red-handed. Instead of stopping them, he keeps on watching.
* RapeAsDrama: Inverted. Ada ''thinks'' that Baines wants to force sex from her, and it really looks that way at first, but it becomes more and more obvious that he's slowly falling in love with her and having a hard time expressing his feelings. On the other hand, there is [[spoiler: [[{{Yandere}} Alisdair]]]]...
* RavenHairIvorySkin[=/=]EeriePaleSkinnedBrunette: Ada is pale and dark-haired, but the effect this has on the other characters varies from person to person.
* RealityHasNoSubtitles: Almost all dialogues in Maori are left without translation, except for ''two'' lines. The same for most of Ada's signs. It should be also noted that all the lines that got subtitles could easily be understood without them from the context.
* RuleOfSymbolism: A very non-subtle case. When Baines starts cunnilingus with Ada, a dog starts loudly licking Alisdair's hand as he watches his cheating wife.
* SexlessMarriage: Ada doesn't allow Alisdair to even touch her.
* SkipOfInnocence: Flora does this often.
* SnoopingLittleKid: Flora can't keep out of other people's business, and it ultimately causes trouble when she starts talking about what she sees.
* SwordOverHead: [[spoiler: Alisdair had Baines, the man who had an affair with his wife, at his mercy, with the musket's barrel pressed to his face. After a brief monologue he decides that it will be the best for everyone to [[PetTheDog let Ada leave with Baines and have a happy life]]]].
* TranslationConvention: Ada and her [[UsefulNotes/SignedLanguage signs]] are usually not translated for the viewer and left up to Flora to explain to the other characters. Flora is often not very faithful to the original message. Then, when Ada goes to Baines after he returned the piano to her, there are subtitles to her signs when she's scolding Flora. [[ViewersAreMorons As if it wasn't obvious without them]].
* TroublingUnchildlikeBehavior: Alisdair reads this into a game Flora is playing with the Maori children and tells her never to do it again. Technically averted in that Flora is neither traumatized nor trying to be an adult, she was just playing with the other children.
* {{Tsundere}}: Ada
* TheVoiceless: Ada
* WomanInBlack: Ada wears black dresses through most of the film, making her look all the most pale and ghostly. [[spoiler: She finally dresses in color when she leaves with Baines.]]
* {{Yandere}}: [[spoiler: Alisdair]]
* YourCheatingHeart: Baines falls for Ada, she eventually falls for him and all that while she's married to Alisdair. They both go through worlds of pain for this, especially Ada.
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