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''The Last Picture Show'' is a 1971 American drama film directed by Creator/PeterBogdanovich, adapted from a semi-autobiographical 1966 novel of the same name by Larry [=McMurtry=].

Set in a small town in north Texas between November 1951 and October 1952, it is about the coming of age of Sonny Crawford (Timothy Bottoms) and his friend Duane Jackson (Creator/JeffBridges). The cast includes Cybill Shepherd in her film debut, Ben Johnson, Eileen Brennan, Ellen Burstyn, Cloris Leachman, Clu Gulager, Randy Quaid in his film debut and John Hillerman. [[DeliberatelyMonochrome For aesthetic and technical reasons it was shot in black and white]], which was unusual for its time.

The film was nominated for eight UsefulNotes/{{Academy Award}}s, including Best Picture, Best Director, and four nominations for acting: Ben Johnson and Jeff Bridges for Best Supporting Actor, and Ellen Burstyn and Cloris Leachman for Best Supporting Actress. It won two: Johnson and Leachman.
!!This film provides examples of:

* AffectionateGestureToTheHead: Sonny often shows his affection towards Billy by taking his cap off and putting it back on.
* BookEnds: The film closes with a reverse of the pan shot seen in the opening.
* CelebrityParadox: A poster for the film ''Film/WagonMaster'', which starred Ben Johnson, is seen at the theatre.
%%* ComingOfAgeStory
* CoolOldGuy: Sam the Lion, who acts a mentor to the boys and doesn't talk down to them.
* CurbStompBattle: The football game played the night before the film starts was apparently a hugely humiliating loss for the Anarene team.
* DeadpanSnarker: Sam the Lion, and Genevieve the waitress.
* DownerEnding
--> "Never you mind, honey... never you mind."
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Upon selecting the town of Archer City, Texas, as a filming location, production designer Polly Platt and Bogdanovich decided that the town should have a bleak, colorless look about it. After considering several options, such as painting all the buildings gray, Platt and Bogdanovich consulted close friend Creator/OrsonWelles about the viability of shooting the film in black and white. Welles simply said, "Of COURSE you'll shoot it in black and white!"
* DyingTown: Anarene, Texas; changed from Thalia, Texas in the novel.
%%* TheFifties
* FilleFatale: Jacy, "the only pretty girl in town" according to Genevieve, is no stranger to using her looks to manipulate the males in her life.
%%* TheFilmOfTheBook
* FourthDateMarriage: Almost the case with Jacy and Sonny. Seemed to be the right thing to do in TheFifties.
* GlassEye: [[spoiler:Sonny ends up with one after Duane hits him with a beer bottle in a fight]]
* HookerWithAHeartOfGold: Averted. Jimmie Sue, the town hooker, is probably the single most loathsome character in the film, for her downright rude treatment of Billy.
* ItAlwaysRainsAtFunerals: It takes place on the dusty Texas plains, so this gets averted.
%%* IWasQuiteALooker: Lois Farrow.
* TheLastTitle: The title.
* TheLoinsSleepTonight: Happens to [[spoiler:Duane]] when he [[spoiler:first tries to deflower Jacy]].
* LoveDodecahedron: There's the core triangle of Duane/Jacy/Sonny, then things branch far and wide from there.
* MakingLoveInAllTheWrongPlaces: On a snooker table.
* MrsRobinson: Sonny starts a relationship with Ruth Popper, the middle-aged wife of the high school basketball coach. It's also implied that Jacy's mother Lois might be attracted to him.
* NewOldWest: Though the film doesn't deal with a lot of the classic themes and plot elements of TheWestern, it was clearly influenced by the films of Creator/HowardHawks and Creator/JohnFord. Having familiar Western character actors in the cast like Ben Johnson (Sam) and Clu Gulager (Abilene) also adds to this feel.
* NothingButHits: This was a TropeMaker for using hit songs as a way to establish a period feel in a film, but there's an admirably eclectic choice of pop and CountryMusic hits from the early 1950s, ranging from ballads to uptempo numbers to novelty songs.
* RealityHasNoSoundtrack: The film has no score, but lots of songs from TheFifties played on radios and record players, with Music/HankWilliams as the dominant artist.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Ruth gives one of these to Sonny at the end.
* ReCut: Columbia Pictures mandated that the film had to be under two hours in its original release (it ended up as 118 minutes). In TheNineties Peter Bogdanovich did a director's cut with eight additional minutes, which is the version that currently circulates
* RunningGag: The townsfolk ribbing the guys for their inability to tackle during football games.
* {{Sequel}}: ''Texasville'', [=McMurtry=]'s sequel to the original novel, was itself adapted for the screen by Bogdanovich in 1990. Bridges, Shepherd, Leachman, Bottoms, Quaid, and Brennan all reprised their roles.
* SexIsLiberation: Heavily {{deconstructed}}. Almost all the film's sexual pairings end up complicating things for the people involved, though Ruth, who's very shy and uptight before her affair with Sonny, is close to a straight example.
* ShoutOut:
** The two main characters watch ''Film/RedRiver'' during the titular "last picture show" at the town's soon-to-be-closing cinema.
** Another film advertised earlier on the cinema marquee is ''Film/Winchester73'', starring Creator/JamesStewart, who, as noted on the Trivia page, was Bogdanovich's first choice to play Sam the Lion.
** Opening the film with a silent white-on-black title card was a nod to ''Film/CitizenKane'', as was the frequent use of deep focus shots.
* SignatureMove: For Sam the Lion, rolling cigarettes.
* SmallTownBoredom: Anarene has around 1,000 people, and the only real economy in town is the dying oil industry. The teens and the adults live restless lives. As summed up by Creator/RogerEbert, it's a story "about a town with no reason to exist, and people with no reason to live there. The only hope is in transgression."
* SoundtrackDissonance: The intense final scene with Sonny and Ruth has the goofy comedy record [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=poCWRJTgMQU "It's in the Book"]] playing in the background.
* VideoCredits: All main characters are shown with face and name in the closing credits.
* VirginShaming: Jacy and Billy are both recipients of this.
* TheVoiceless: Billy never says a word throughout the film.