->'''Albert: ''' Don't use that tone to me.\\
'''Armand:''' What tone?\\
'''Albert:''' That sarcastic, contemptuous tone that means "you know everything because you're a man and I know nothing because I'm a woman."\\
'''Armand:''' ''You're not a woman.''\\
'''Albert:''' Oh, you bastard!

''The Birdcage'' is a 1996 comedy film directed by Creator/MikeNichols, starring Creator/RobinWilliams, Nathan Lane, Creator/GeneHackman, Dianne Wiest, Dan Futterman, Calista Flockhart, Creator/HankAzaria, and Creator/ChristineBaranski. The script was written by Creator/ElaineMay, and is a remake of the 1978 French film adaptation of ''[[Theatre/LaCageAuxFolles La Cage aux Folles]]'', which was created by Jean Poiret and Francis Veber, and starred Michel Serrault and Ugo Tognazzi.

Val Goldman (Futterman) and Barbara Keeley (Flockhart) are engaged to be married, and have decided that their families should meet. Barbara comes from a conservative Christian family; its patriarch, Senator Kevin Keeley (Hackman), is a MoralGuardian politician running for re-election. When one of Keeley's close political friends [[RefugeInAudacity dies in the bed of an underage, black prostitute]], Mrs. Keeley (Wiest) suggests they visit the fiancé's family to discuss wedding plans and escape the scandal and the press; a "traditional, wholesome" all-American marriage could be just what the Senator needs to save his career.

Unbeknownst to Barbara's parents, however, is that Val's family are a Jewish, gay couple who own a South Beach drag club called The Birdcage. Not only does Val's father Armand Goldman (Williams) live above and run the club, but his partner Albert (Lane) is the show's star drag queen "Starina". With the Keeleys already driving down from Ohio, the Goldmans have to quickly [[FawltyTowersPlot pile together a story and drastically redecorate]], recreating themselves as the "Coleman" family and CampGay Albert as an Uncle in the hope the can get past HeteronormativeCrusader Keeley.

[[TemptingFate There's no way this could possibly go wrong...]]

!!''The Birdcage'' provides examples of the following tropes:

* AccidentalInnuendo[=/=]FreudianSlip: Invoked when trying to explain Agador's Guatemalan soup with eggs in it, Armand notes they value poultry like currency:
-->'''Armand:''' A woman is said to be worth her weight in hens, and a man's wealth is measured by the size of his cock. ''[realization]''
* AmazinglyEmbarrassingParents: Subverted. Val isn't embarrassed by either of his fathers, and even brags that he's the only person in his fraternity who "doesn't come from a broken home," but is wary that his girlfriend's [[HeteronormativeCrusader hyper-conservative parents]] won't approve of their daughter [[DatingWhatDaddyHates marrying the son of a gay couple]]. The only reason he tries to "hide" Albert is because any attempt for him to pass as straight would [[NoSell be in vain]]. Played straight with Barbara's parents, however.
* BaitAndSwitch: When Val first appears, he and Armand exchange compliments, Armand offers him a drink and mentions that he's given Agador the night off, "so we're all alone, as requested", giving the impression that Val is Armand's handsome younger lover who Armand has to keep secret from Albert. Val then announces that he's getting married and asks if Armand's upset, further reinforcing the idea that the story is going to be some kind of tragic love triangle. Then he addresses Armand as "Pop".
* BeYourself: The whole reason Albert disguises himself as Val's mother is that he can't help but be this trope: his efforts to come across as Val's straight, conservative uncle are spoiled by things like his inability to not wear pink socks. He's at his most relaxed when he's in drag, which is why he makes for a more convincing mother than an uncle.
* BiTheWay: Back in the day, a young Armand decided to "try it once with a woman" and sleep with Katherine, resulting in Val. Though technically he tried it twice (on the same night).
* BookEnds: "The [[Series/TheGoldenGirls Goldman Girls]]" performing Sister Sledge's "We Are Family."
* BreadEggsBreadedEggs: When trying to remember all of their lies:
-->'''Armand:''' Agador?\\
'''Val:''' Sparticus!\\
'''Armand:''' ''... Agador Sparticus?'' ''[{{beat}}]'' He insists on being called by his full name.
* ButNotTooGay: Yes, even in a movie filled with more limp-wristed queens, beefcakes in thongs and transvestites than one can shake a phallus at, the most romantic thing our two male leads ever do is share a small peck kiss during breakfast. Though to be fair, the only other kiss ever seen in the movie as a whole is Val and Barbara's AlmostKiss during their wedding.
* CampGay: Every gay who isn't Armand. Some of the non-performing crew of the club can be safely presumed to be gay, and are even less camp than Armand.
* CharacterNameAlias: Agador the housekeeper introduces himself as Spartacus. After some confusion Armand settles on "Agador Spartacus".
* ComicallyMissingThePoint[=/=]ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne: Upon learning the truth about Val's family, Senator Keeley's response? "You can't be. You can't be Jewish!"
* {{Corpsing}}: In the scene where Val, Armand and Agador are in the kitchen discussing what to do with no entree prepared, Robin Williams accidentally slipped, but was able to hold back laughing to finish the take.
* DatingWhatDaddyHates: What kicks off the plot. Val is scared that his girlfriend's hyper-conservative parents wouldn't allow her to marry the son of a gay couple.
* DeadpanSnarker: Most of the main characters make snarky comments here and there.
* DifferentForGirls: Inverted; Albert can't pass for a straight man to save his life, but makes a much more convincing housewife using his extensive experience in drag.
* DigitalBikini: One television edit put shorts on Hank Azaria's character, in a scene where he is otherwise wearing a thong.
* DisguisedInDrag: [[spoiler:The Keeleys escape the paparazzi by dressing in drag and leaving through the front door of The Birdcage.]]
* DoesNotLikeShoes: Agador. He claims they "make [him] fall down." And they do, at least once.
* DragQueen:
** Albert a.k.a. "Starina", The Goldman Girls as well as many other employees and patrons of the club.
** Plus [[spoiler: the whole Keeley family at the end]]. (Yes, [[spoiler:the wife, daughter, and ''Senator'']]!)
* DramaQueen: Albert. Bonus points since he's a literal queen!
* EnhanceButton: DoubleSubverted. When examining the recordings outside Keeley's house, the news team first has to examine the very pixel-y background to identify what's going on ... only to then zoom in and get perfectly captured audio from several feet away ''and under a reporters voice.''
* FailedASpotCheck: Senator Keeley attempts to avoid the press by climbing out a window by ladder; half way down, he turns and finally notices the dozen reporters waiting for him.
* FawltyTowersPlot: The movie fits this to a T. All it takes is Barbara lying about her new in-laws to get the ball rolling. And even thought they can't keep up a consistent lie, with contradictions popping up at every possible moment, they manage to keep going on and on.
* FictionalPoliticalParty: The "Coalition for Moral Order" Party which, unsurprisingly, [[ConflictBall is a radical conservative party]] [[StrawCharacter primarily focused on traditional families]].
* FlyingUnderTheGaydar: Albert and Armand try to do this to fool their son's future-in-laws. It might have worked, if Albert's performance as Val's mother hadn't been interrupted by Val's birth mother walking into the room and introducing herself as such.
* ForeignRemake: An American remake of the French/Italian film adaptation of ''La Cage aux Folles'' or at the very least, the original French stage play of the same name.
* GagPenis: Invoked by Albert after he's been revealed to be a man.
-->'''Albert''': [''to Keeley''] Kevin, nothing has changed. It's still me. With one tiny difference. --Well, not ''tiny''.
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: Spoken by the [[Creator/RobinWilliams man who coined the phrase]], no less. [[LampshadeHanging Lampshaded]] when Albert [[OhCrap suddenly realizes what he's just said]] and excuses himself.
--> "A woman is said to be worth her weight in hens, and a man's wealth is measured by the [[ItMakesSenseInContext size of]] [[StealthPun his cock.]]"
* GoodOlBoy: Senator Keeley
* HappilyMarried: Albert and Armand (essentially).
-->'''Val:''' I'm the only guy in my fraternity who doesn't come from a broken home!
** Downplayed trope, however, as the fact that they aren't (and cannot be) legally married seems to contribute to Albert's assuming that Armand is having affairs, or doesn't love him anymore. Eventually played completely straight once Armand [[spoiler: actually gives Albert a palimony agreement to sign, with this being the closest thing to marriage available to them at the time]].
* [[HasTwoMommies Has Two Daddies]]: Val who, by the night's end, admits Albert is his real "mother" while Katherine is the woman who gave birth to him. On top of that, Armand reintroduces Albert as his ''wife'' to the Keeleys.
* HiddenInPlainSight: The paparazzi [[spoiler:don't recognize the Keeleys when they walk right past them in full drag with only minor facial make-up on. One cameraman suspects, but quickly shakes his head in a clear "No way!"]]
* HypocriticalHumor:
** Agador, while dressed in cut-off shorts and a lacy, see-through, midriff-baring shirt, complains that a butler's uniform would make him "look like a fag." Armand deconstructs it by pointing out that at least he'll look like a fag in a uniform.
** One of the reporters talks about the media blitz around the senator's home in a condemning tone ... while he is, of course, taking part in it.
** The senator executes a sudden exit on the interstate, trying to make sure he's not being followed. The tabloid reporter trailing him immediately executes an even more dangerous sudden exit so he doesn't lose him, before announcing "This guy is a fucking maniac!"
** The reporter from the National Enquirer condemns the TV crews that show up at the nightclub as 'vultures'.
** The Senator leading the "Coalition for Moral Order" is discovered dead in the bed of a prostitute. Who is [[PaedoHunt underage]].
* INeedAFreakingDrink:
** After Armand learns Val is getting married, he downs an entire glass of white wine, then goes to get even more.
** And Senator Keeley needs his freaking candy.
** As the dinner progresses, Armand (and later Val) sneaks into the kitchen to start drinking Scotch directly from the bottle.
* InnocentBigot: Part of Albert's disguise as Val's mother. Senator Keeley totally falls for it.
-->'''Senator Keeley''': Of course, it's wrong to kill an abortion doctor. I don't agree with them, but many sincerely feel, stop the doctors, you stop the abortions.
-->'''Drag!Albert''': That's ridiculous! The doctors are only doing their jobs. Kill the mothers, that'll stop them.
-->'''Armand''': May I see you a moment, dear?
-->'''Drag!Albert''': I know, I know. If you kill the mother, the fetus dies too. But the fetus is going to be aborted, so let it go down with the ship.
* ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne: When Albert is having his breakdown in the intro:
-->'''Albert:''' Whatever I am, [Armand] made me! I was adorable once, young and full of hope. Now, look at me. ''[upset]'' I'm this short, fat, insecure, middle aged thing!\\
'''Armand:''' ''I made you short?''\\
'''Albert:''' ''[[[LargeHam shrieks]]]''
* JewishMother: Albert, to his stepson Val.
* KarmaHoudini: In [[NeedsMoreGay Rantasmo]]'s review, he acknowledges that we never really see whether or not the Keeleys learn any sort of lesson about acceptance. They show up at Val and Barbra's wedding, but is it sincerely or begrudgingly? Val, meanwhile, puts his fathers through hell by appealing to homophobic conservatives for the sake of his own happiness, but he at least owns up to his mistake and has [[MyGodWhatHaveIDone an unspoken epiphany]] when he pulls off Albert's wig and saying "This is my mother."
* LadyLooksLikeADude: [[spoiler: Barbara and her mother]] disguised as drag queens. [[spoiler: Mrs. Keeley]] can't ''quite'' pull it off, but [[spoiler: Barbara]] is skinny enough to appear androgynous.
* LargeHam[=/=]HamToHamCombat: Nathan Lane and Robin Williams compete to see who can eat more scenery.
* LenoDevice: Leno makes a quick joke about Senator Jackson in a monologue on the Keeleys' television.
* LethalChef: Agador is not a chef but must pretend to be one. His concoction of tomatoes, shrimps and eggs could be only called "Sweet and Sour Peasant Soup" if you define "soup" as "some barely edible liquid you eat in a bowl". No-one was interested in seconds. A deleted scene shows that Katherine actually loved the stuff, instantly making her Agador's favorite person in the world.
** Agador's soup isn't all that different from Arabic ''shakshouka'', a spicy stew of tomatoes and peppers with eggs broken into it (in Turkey the same dish is called ''menemen'') and also has a family resemblance to Spanish ''pisto'', which is a bit like a ratatouille served with a fried egg. Neither of these include seafood, but the basic principle is sound; presumably the shrimps and the eggs just got overcooked all to hell, or maybe Agador just can't cook.
* MissingMom: Katherine gave birth to Val and then left Armand to raise him. While not quite as emotionally involved in Val, she's certainly happy to know he's doing well (and proud he sticks up for his "real mom," Albert, in front of the Keeleys).
* MoralGuardians: Senator Keeley co-created the "Coalition for Moral Order". The group is the reason they suddenly visit Val's family, as his co-founder dies in the bed of [[CrossesTheLineTwice an underage, black prostitute]].
* TheMountainsOfIllinois: There are mountains visible outside Katherine's office window. Her office is in Florida.
* MrFanservice: Dan Futterman as Val, and Hank Azaria.
* NoYou: Albert, posing as Val's mother, makes a veeerrrrry subtle quip to Senator Keeley's views on homosexuals.
-->'''Senator Keeley:''' You know, I think homosexuality is one of the things that's weakening this country.\\
'''Albert:''' Really? Well that's what I thought until I found out that UsefulNotes/AlexanderTheGreat was a fag; talk about gays in the military.
* NobodyOver50IsGay: Averted. Okay, so Armand is ''exactly'' fifty years old, but it's close enough.
* OneDialogueTwoConversations: Senator Keeley in drag and his driver.
-->'''Senator Keeley''': Meet me in 20 minutes at the corner of El Dorado and Palm.
-->'''Driver''': Lady, not for a million dollars.
* TheOner: The opening shot, through [[VisualEffectsOfAwesome the magic of dissolves]], combines a helicopter, crane and steady-cam shot into one continuous take which begins out over the ocean, goes through the streets of Miami, through the door of the nightclub and ends on Armand running about trying to keep everything under control.
* OutWithABang: Senator Jackson died while having sex with a prostitute. [[RefugeInAudacity Who was underage.]] [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking And Black.]]
* PaperThinDisguise: [[spoiler:Albert appears as Mrs. Coleman in drag, leaving Armand, Val and Barbara in shock; Senator Keeley and his wife, however, completely fail to see it.]]
* PlaceboEffect: Albert's powerful, anti-anxiety medication he gets from Agador:
-->'''Armand:''' What are you giving him? Drugs? What the hell are "Pirin" tablets?!\\
'''Agador:''' It's aspirin with the "a" and the "s" scraped off.\\
'''Armand:''' ''[{{beat}}]'' My God, what a brilliant idea.
* PrayerIsALastResort: After everything else is set up and just before the Keeleys arrive, Armand looks up at the crucifix hanging in his home and asks for the night to go well. Before this, Armand didn't show any religious attitudes and is in fact Jewish.
-->'''Armand:''' I'm not religious and I'm Jewish, but if things go well tonight, I'd really appreciate it.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: Armand delivers a Type-4 one to Val when his son insists they not only hide who they are, but pretend to be a "normal" family:
-->'''Armand:''' Yes, I wear foundation. Yes, I live with a man. Yes, I'm a middle-aged fag, but I know who I am, Val. It took me 20 years to get here. I won't let some idiot senator destroy that. Fuck the senator, I don't give a damn what he thinks.
* RedOniBlueOni: Val's parents are [[HotBlooded a liberal, gay, Jewish couple]] that run a drag club [[{{Gayborhood}} in South Beach, Florida]], whereas Barbara's parents are [[TheStoic a traditional, Conservative, Christian couple]] [[HeteronormativeCrusader and part of a "traditional" political party]]. Naturally, HilarityEnsues.
* TheReveal: The film's first scene plays up the handsome young man as Armand's secret lover when he's actually his son.
* ScreamsLikeALittleGirl: Albert does this throughout the film.
* ScreamDiscretionShot: PlayedForLaughs when Albert returns home and sees the hasty redecoration.
* ShoutOut: Armand and Katherine sing a bit of "Love is in the Air," the original opening song from ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum'' before Zero Mostel's dissatisfaction with it caused it to be changed to "Comedy Tonight."
** Armand says of Drag!Albert-as-Val's-Mom that "She's travelled around the world but deep down she's still a girl from Grover's Corners," a reference to the titular town of Creator/ThorntonWilder's 1938 play ''Theatre/OurTown'', which Senator Keeley clearly regards as a beloved classic.[[note]]You do wonder if Senator Keeley is aware that Thornton Wilder was gay.[[/note]]
* StealthPun: Robin Williams is playing the [[StraightGay straight man]] against Nathan Lane's comic persona.
* StraightGay: Armand somewhat. He can ''play'' straight at the very least. Albert, however, is so camp that he can't even do that. He makes a much more convincing housewife.
* StrawCharacter:
** It's both subtly and not-so-subtly implied that the conservative Keeleys are disgusted not only by gays, but by Jews and black people. Oh, and [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking Guatemalans]]. For what it's worth, though, all three are at least presented as fundamentally good and even kind people, even when they're saying terribly racist things. That said, [[spoiler:the Keeleys have obviously accepted Armand and Albert because Val and Barbara get married with both their families present and happy. So, the Keeleys ''are'' able to put aside prejudices and get over it when confronted.]]
** StrawmanPolitical: Taken to the extreme when, [[spoiler:disguised as Armand's wife]], Albert spouts God-awful, exaggerated right-wing stereotypes (like killing women wanting abortions as the fetus will die anyway) -- ''and Keeley wholeheartedly agrees and joins in.''
* StupidSexyFlanders: [[spoiler:Senator Keeley]] [[AttractiveBentGender actually made a pretty good-looking woman!]]
* TwoferTokenMinority: Armand and Albert are gay ''and'' Jewish!
* UpToEleven: Keeley is so conservative he thinks Bob Dole and Billy Graham are too liberal for his tastes.
* VillainousBSOD: Keeley is so stunned by the revelation that nice, sensible Mrs Coleman is a drag queen that he spends several minutes in a daze.
* WhereEverybodyKnowsYourFlame: "The Birdcage", the club Armand and Albert own.