[[quoteright:208:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Baader_meinhof_komplex_5651.jpg]]

'''''The Baader Meinhof Complex''''' (German: ''Der Baader Meinhof Komplex'') is a 2008 German film by Uli Edel. The film is [[FilmOfTheBook based on the 1985 German best selling non-fiction book]] of the same name by Stefan Aust. It [[BasedOnATrueStory retells the story]] of the early years of the [[WesternTerrorists West German]] far-left extremist group the [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rote_Armee_Fraktion Red Army Faction]] (German: Rote Armee Fraktion, or RAF).

The film was an AcademyAward and Golden Globe nominee for Best Foreign Language Picture, but lost to the Japanese film ''Film/{{Departures}}'' and the Israeli film ''Animation/WaltzWithBashir'' respectively.
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!! ''The Baader Meinhof Complex'' provides examples of:

* ActionDuo: Andreas Baader and his girlfriend, Gudrun Ensslin. Later Brigitte Mohnhaupt and Peter Boock.
* AvengingTheVillain
** After [[spoiler: Petra Schelm's]] death, the RAF move from committing bank robberies and start bombing corporate targets and U.S. military installments.
** The RAF's second generation believe their acts are avenging the alleged extrajudicial executions of their imprisoned members.
* BathtubBonding: Gudrun gets to know a young Peter Boock this way.
* BerserkButton: Question any of Baader's reasoning or methods.
* ButtMonkey: Ulrike Meinhof. Her husband cheats on her. She loses her children after attempting to ship them to an orphan camp in Jordan. Gets arrested. Ostracized by other members of the RAF, especially Gudrun. [[spoiler: Eventually commits suicide]].
* CourtroomAntics: Baader and company tend to pull these off in every trial they're involved in.
* CurbstompBattle: The RAF against Hanns-Martin Schleyer's bodyguards. In the previous scene, the RAF even discuss how the bodyguards are highly trained and battle-hardened. [[spoiler: The RAF kill all four of Schleyer's bodyguards before they even fire back and successfully kidnap Schleyer]].
* DarkActionGirl: All the women in the RAF can count as this.
* DragonAscendant: The second generation of the RAF, led by Brigitte Mohnhaupt and Peter Boock.
* DrivenToSuicide
** [[spoiler: After being ostracized by her fellow RAF members, Meinhof becomes depressed and hangs herself in her cell]].
** [[spoiler: After authorities thwarted the hijacking of Lufthansa Flight 181, which the PFLP took over in hopes of releasing the imprisoned RAF members, Baader, Ensslin and Jan-Carl Raspe committed suicide. Irmgard Moller tried to, but survived]].
* DriverFacesPassenger: Baader, Ensslin, Peter Boock and company speed down the [[GermanPeculiarities Autobahn]], swapping cigarettes between cars and shooting at highway signs.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: Baader and the imprisoned leaders of the first generation of the RAF are appalled by the second generation putting innocent lives in harm's way.
* FiveBadBand
** TheBigBad: Baader
** TheDragon: Ensslin
** TheEvilGenius: Lawyer Horst Mahler
** TheBrute: Holger Meins
** TheDarkChick: Meinhof
* ForceFeeding: When the first generation of the RAF is initially imprisoned, they decide to go on hunger strike. Holger Meins is force-fed through a tube. [[spoiler: He dies anyway.]].
* ForegoneConclusion
* FromNobodyToNightmare: Andreas Baader. Also Peter, originally an escapee from a juvenile detention center, rises through the ranks to become a leader of the RAF's second generation.
* HeroicBSOD: The second generation when they learn that [[spoiler: the original leaders were not executed as they were lead to believe]].
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: The [[http://www.prabhupada.de/Rettershof/Polizei/Baader-Meinhof.jpg real]] Baader and Meinhof were a bit less photogenic than the [[http://www.vitagraphfilms.com/images/Baader-Meinhof_Photos/Hi-Res/Baader&Meinhof.jpg movie]] Baader and Meinhof.
* LargeHam: Many characters have their ham moments, but Andreas by far takes the cake.
* LuxuryPrisonSuite
* MyGodWhatHaveIDone: One of the terrorists was a family friend of Jürgen Ponto's family and wanted only to kidnap him. [[spoiler: Ponto fights back and is killed]].
* NotWhatISignedUpFor: Played straight at the training camp in Jordan, when Baader is frustrated by the lack of training for urban terrorism.
* PoliceBrutality: The Berlin police attack students protesting the visit by the Shah of Iran at the beginning of the film. Later on Holger Meins is beaten by police after he's arrested.
* PrettyLittleHeadshots: [[spoiler: Petra Schelm]] takes one right below the eye.
* PunchClockVillain: Baader calls out Horst Mahler, a lawyer sympathetic to the RAF, on this.
* PyrrhicVillainy: Especially with the first generation. Shown in a montage where news of attacks by the RAF are played alongside news of RAF members being captured.
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Horst Herold. He's tireless in pursuing the RAF, but also presses his superiors to gain a better understanding of the terrorists and their public appeal.
* TakingTheKids: Meinhof's estranged husband, with the help of Peter Homann and Stefan Aust (the author of ''The Baader Meinhof Complex''), took his daughters from Sicily to prevent Ulrike from sending them to an orphan camp in Jordan.
* ThereIsNoKillLikeOverkill: Pretty much every assassination, kidnapping and attempted kidnapping the second generation of the RAF does counts as this.
* VillainousBreakdown: The RAF goes through this as the film progresses, as their attacks become more and more violent, and less focused on fighting for the causes the organization was founded upon.
* VillainProtagonist: The RAF against what they view as an imperialistic, corporate, ex-Nazi dominated police state.
* WellIntentionedExtremist: As portrayed in the film, the founders of RAF (especially Meinhof) genuinely believed that they lived in a fascist state and that their actions would help liberate the oppressed peoples of the world. The film also portrays a good portion of the German people as sympathetic to the RAF's cause and open to sheltering members.
* WesternTerrorists: The RAF.
* WestGermany
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