''The Agony and the Ecstasy'' is a 1965 film directed by Carol Reed, telling the story of the creation of the ceiling fresco paintings for the Art/SistineChapel in the Vatican. The film is also the story of the trails and tribulations of the artist Creator/MichelangeloBuonarroti (Creator/CharltonHeston) and his patron, UsefulNotes/PopeJuliusII (Creator/RexHarrison), as they spar over money, Michelangelo's art, inspiration and a bit of the politics of the time.

!!The film has examples of:

* CelibateHero: Michelangelo's love is not women, but art, as Contessa D'Amici learns by the end of the film. Legend has it this was done as an alternative to examining Michelangelo's alleged homosexuality.
** {{Jossed}} by Heston, who refused to allow scenes from the movie to be shown in the documentary ''Film/TheCelluloidCloset'' because he believed Michelangelo was straight and played him as such. Then again, if the screenwriter felt otherwise, it wouldn't be the [[Film/BenHur first time]] Heston played a gay character [[EnforcedMethodActing without realizing it]].
* ChurchMilitant: The goal of Julius II is to expand control of the papal states, in his belief that a more independent church shall better be able to create peace through Europe.
* ThatCloudLooksLike: God creating Adam, the inspiration for the famous fresco "Creation of Adam".
* CorruptChurch: Receiving "donations" in order to create cardinals.
* DeadpanSnarker: Julius II has his moments. For example, after reading a TakeThat sonnet that Michelangelo wrote early on in the film:
-->I have been compared to Lucifer, Beelzebub, the Antichrist... ''[[ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne but never before Medusa!]]'' [...] This "presumptious Florentine" has been described as the master artist of the world... ''certainly a better artist than he is a poet.''
* {{Determinator}}: Michelangelo and Julius II are both this, even when they need a little encouragement.
* {{Deuteragonist}}: Pope Julius. He and Michelangelo might antagonize often each other but ultimately they want the same goal, a great painting on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel.
* TheFilmOfTheBook
* LargeHam: Heston and Harrison both - so much so that they're practically doing HamToHamCombat in most of their scenes together.
* NoSocialSkills: For all his artistic greatness Michelangelo has little to no understanding of what makes people tick.
* TheNounAndTheNoun
* ProlongedPrologue: The film starts with a 12-minute mini-documentary showcasing Michelangelo's greatest works.
* RunningGag[=/=]{{Catchphrase}}: "When can [I[=/=]you] make an end?" "When [you're[=/=]I'm] finished."
* [[UnflinchingWalk Unflinching Examination]]: Michelangelo and Julius II meet as the pope prepares to invade a city so they can discuss Michelangelo's new ideas for the chapel ceiling. As they go over the sketches, enemy artillery goes off around them.
* WarriorMonk: Julius II is introduced in the movie as a knight first, and as the pope second.