1971 film by Black American director Melvin Van Peebles. TropeMaker[=/=]UrExample of the {{Blaxploitation}} genre (though it is not an ExploitationFilm itself).

Opening with the dedication: "This film is dedicated to all the Brothers and Sisters who had enough of [[TheMan the Man]]"; a young African American orphan (played by Melvin Van Peebles' son, Mario) is taken in by the proprietor of a brothel in Los Angeles in the 1940s. One of the prostitutes there entices him to lose his virginity to her, and due to his sexual prowess and large penis, she nicknames him "Sweet Sweetback" (we later learn his birth name is [[spoiler:Leroy]]). Sweetback grows up, and now played by Melvin himself; he has become the brothel's most celebrated sex-performer. After his show one night, two crooked cops arrest him. On their way to the station, the two also arrest a Black Panther named [=MuMu=], and handcuff him to Sweetback. [=MuMu=] insults the officers, so the two stop and beat him up. Sweetback is angered, and attacks the officers. With the police after him, [[RunForTheBorder Sweetback flees to Mexico]], aided on his way by the entire black community as well as by a biker gang who he impresses the [[BikerBabe female leader of]] by having sex with her. Does Sweetback make it? Yes, he does. That was part of what made the film so revolutionary.

Director Van Peebles was fresh off directing the race-reversal comedy ''Watermelon Man'' when he developed the idea for this film when he stopped his car out in the Mojave Desert one day. Because no studio would finance it, he directed, wrote, produced, scored and acted in the whole thing himself, up to and including doing his own stunt work. He was, however, able to score a $50,000 dollar loan from Creator/BillCosby. When the film was finished, it was rated X by the MPAA, inspiring the {{tagline}}; "Rated X by an all-white jury". Because of this rating, it couldn't be advertised in newspapers, so Melvin did the promoting for it himself too. What's more, only two theaters would play it. But despite all this, Melvin's hopes were not in vain. The film became a runaway success, grossing $4,100,000. It became required viewing of the Black Panthers. [[FollowTheLeader Because of its success, filmmakers started seeing the potential for profit in directing films catered to black audiences, and thus was born blaxploitation]]. All-in-all, this film is essential viewing for anyone interested in either film history or black history.

In 2004, the aforementioned son, Mario, wrote, directed and starred in ''BAADASSSSS!'', which dramatized the film's production and release.

!!''Sweet Sweetback's Baadasssss Song'' provides examples of:

* AngryBlackMan: Well obviously.
* BMovie: One of the most important ever made.
* BiggerIsBetterInBed: Implied
* BikerBabe
* {{Blaxploitation}}: The UrExample.
* FanDisservice: Did we have to see Beetle going number two with just a towel on after showering?
* MyFriendsAndZoidberg: "Starring the Black Community... And Brer Soul."
* OnlyAFleshWound: Sweetback gets hit in the stomach by a swarm of buckshot while being pursued by cops through a desert. He tears a section of fabric from his shirt, pisses on it, rolls it in sand and uses it to patch up his wound.
* PimpDuds
* ThePornomancer: Sweetback seems to have sex with just about every woman he encounters.
* TheQuietOne: Sweetback himself, who has about ten lines of dialogue in the entire film.
* RunForTheBorder
* SoulBrotha: Sweetback.
* SpellMyNameWithAnS: The movie title is often and understandably spelled wrong. (For the record, this spelling of Baadasssss has two A's in "bad" and five S's in "ass.")
* SteelEarDrums: Averted. The police torture one of Sweetback's associates for Sweetback's location (information the man does not have) by firing a pistol next to his ears, which destroys his hearing.
* YouAreACreditToYourRace: A police chief makes a speech where he rants about how Sweetback escaping will cause "niggers" to uprise. He then apologizes to the two African-American detectives in his audience, and says that if they catch Sweetback, they'll be a tribute to their race.