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->''"We're Jews, Avner. Jews don't do wrong because our enemies do wrong."''\\
''"We can't afford to be that decent anymore."''\\
''"I don't know if we ever were that decent. Suffering thousands of years of hatred doesn't make you decent. But we're supposed to be righteous. That's a beautiful thing. That's Jewish. That's what I knew, that's what I was taught and I'm losing it. I lose that and that's everything. That's my soul."''
-->--'''Robert''' and '''Avner Kaufman'''

''Munich'' is a 2005 film directed by Creator/StevenSpielberg and written by Tony Kushner. It, along with the {{HBO}} film ''[[http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0092038/combined Sword of Gideon]]'', were based on the bestseller ''Vengeance'' by George Jonas.

In 1972, eleven Israeli athletes at the Summer OlympicGames in UsefulNotes/{{Munich}} were captured by Palestinian gunmen and killed, and the Israeli government decided on an "eye for an eye" retaliation, drawing up the names of eleven people they wanted killed.

The story follows Israeli-born German-raised Mossad agent Avner as he assembles his team and starts to work on their targets. But with each person killed, he's in danger of losing more and more of his humanity.

Keep in mind that due to its volatile subject matter this is a highly controversial film, and edit accordingly.

For the actual ''place'' Munich, [[UsefulNotes/{{Munich}} look no further]].
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!!This work provides examples of:

* AffablyEvil: Quite a few of the targets are this, which makes them far more human to the audience. Most notable is the man who politely chats with Avner and offers him some sleeping pills just before Avner blows up his hotel room.
* TheAllegedExpert: PlayedForDrama -- one team member was brought in as a bomb maker, but his bombs are always defective. He finally admits that he was trained to ''defuse'' bombs, and only decided to try making them when Mossad asked him to.
* AppealToWorseProblems: One of the targets does this when he mentions that compared to the reaction of the Munich massacre, nobody says anything about the children killed in Israeli attacks against Palestine.
* BadassIsraeli: This applies to varying degrees to all members of the assassination squad. Avner and Steve are both ex-Mossad while the rest of the squad make up for in guile and viciousness what they lack in military experience.
* BlackAndGreyMorality: One of the more controversial and brilliant aspects of the film is its refusal to show either side as being necessarily more righteous or dignified in what they do.
* CaliforniaDoubling: Scenes set in Tel Aviv, Beirut, Cyprus, Athens and Rome were filmed at Malta, and scenes set in London, Rome, Paris, New York City and a German airport were filmed in Budapest.
* CallForward: The shot of the Twin Towers at the end, as Avner contemplates everything that's happened in the name of justice and vengeance.
* ChristmasRushed: Spielberg rushed it into production and post-production in just five months so he could open it in time for Oscar qualifying. Though the film was a box-office disappointment (due to advertising not being ready until two weeks before opening), it [[AcclaimedFlop did get some Oscar nominations]].
* DownerEnding: [[spoiler:Ephraim will not break bread with Avner, indicating that Avner and his whole team were disavowed and considered expendable, and most of them died for nothing. In addition, Avner and his team were already told in the beginning how far out on the edge they'd be, with no support or backing from Israel beyond funds and target profiles. Ephraim refusing to break bread with a former citizen and soldier, even under Avner's olive branch of sharing Jewish heritage, is him saying he doesn't even consider Avner a Jew [[BadassIsraeli like he is]]. The homeland Avner sacrificed almost everything for has rebuked him completely.]]
* DueToTheDead: Subverted. After killing the HoneyTrap assassin, Avner closes her robe to cover her naked body. Steve then opens it again.
* FanDisservice: The [[spoiler:female assassin's death, due to any sexiness from the fact that she's completely naked being canceled out by the fact that she's dying]].
* HeWhoFightsMonsters: One of the more controversial aspects of the film is the way it depicts the operation as being an example of this.
-->'''Robert, "the Bomb Maker":''' We're supposed to be righteous. That's a beautiful thing. And we're losing it. If I lose that, that's everything. That's my soul.
* HoneyTrap: One of the team members sees a hot lady and, jokingly, mentions this trope by name. It turns out that she really is one.
* InstantDeathBullet: Graphically averted.
* ItGetsEasier: Played horrifyingly straight. The first kill is quite tense for both the characters and the audience, but then after that it becomes much easier on them and us. The first kill is a poet whom we see buying groceries and chatting with the lady behind the counter; the second is a political activist whose young daughter is featured front and center and whom the team almost blows up by mistake. After that there aren't so many humanizing moments.
* ItsPersonal: After one of them is killed by an assassin.
* {{Jerkass}}: Louis. His dad is more of a [[PunchClockVillain Punch Clock Mercenary]].
* KarmaHoudini: The team fails to assassinate [[spoiler:the purported mastermind of the Munich killings]], though it's subverted in the epilogue which reveals that he was assassinated several years later. Played straight[=/=]subverted in the fact that only 9 of the original 11 targets were killed, though [[spoiler: Ephraim admits that Mossad is not positively sure that the targets were involved with the Munich killings at all.]]
* MenAreTheExpendableGender: In-universe, [[spoiler:Carl's assassin]] has no redeeming qualities (minus [[PetTheDog her cat]]), compared with the first two targets (see ItGetsEasier above) but somehow her death seems more morally dubious and distressing than the other deaths to several of the agents.
* MoralityPet: The second target's daughter. And [[spoiler:Carl's assassin]] has a cat that she tries to hold as she's dying.
* MultinationalTeam: All of the squad are Israeli citizens, but all of them except Avner are ''olim''-- Jewish immigrants to Israel from elsewhere--Steve is South African, Robert is Belgian, Hans is German, and Carl is also probably German but it is never established
* NoPlaceForMeThere: Avner risks his safety, his family, his sanity and does things he will never forget or forgive himself for. All for the sake of a country that makes it clear people like him and his team have no place in the new peaceful future they have fought and, in some cases, died for.
* NoPreggerSex: Averted; after having sex with his visibly pregnant wife, the main character asks her "How long into the pregnancy should we stop having sex?" [[GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex Between heavy breaths, she responds: "labor."]]
* NotSoDifferent: Of two kinds. The first is that all militants and spies are cut from the same cloth, all fighting for their own idea of good. The second is how vengeance begets more vengeance. When they kill the woman assassin, they are taking vengeance for her taking vengence on them, for taking vengeance for the Munich killings, which were the vengeance for prior actions.
* SenselessSacrifice: Invoked at the end when Ephraim openly tells Avner that the men he has eliminated will be replaced by men who are even worse and more motivated, basically telling Avner that his sacrifice has been entirely pointless.
* ShowSomeLeg: A disturbing, unusually dark example of this trope. [[spoiler:Carl's]] HoneyTrap assassin, seeing that his friends have come to avenge him, opens her robe and exposes her breasts in an attempt to distract/dissuade them. It doesn't work.
* SpiritualSuccessor: Could be considered as this to ''SchindlersList''. Jon Stewart at the 2006 Oscars:
--> ''Schindler's List''... ''Munich''. I think I speak for all Jews when I say, [[TemptingFate I can't wait to see what happens to us next! (crossing fingers) Trilogy!]]
* TheSpook: Avner and the rest of the team become this in order to fulfill the mission.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The depictions of the Olympic massacre and the assassinations are closely based on historical fact. The rest is either based on "Avner's" memoirs, the accuracy and even authenticity of which are disputed to this day, or is otherwise total fiction[[note]]Given the intense illegality of the supposed Israeli assassinations, it's incredibly likely that Israel will never admit to them, assuming they did happen. It's also likely that there are no actual records of any such operation[[/note]].
* WellIntentionedExtremist: The entire team though they have their doubts about what they do. The same applies to the men they are targeting too.
* WouldntHurtAChild: One of the more tense scenes has the team stopping a bomb from going off when they hear a young girl answer the phone in the apartment where it's been planted.
* WrongGenreSavvy: Daphna claims "I'm not the hero's nice wife", but that is, in fact, what she is.
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