[[caption-width-right:300:''[-Always look on the bright side of life!-]'']]

->''"He's not the Messiah! He's a very naughty boy!"''
-->-- '''Brian's mother'''

''Monty Python's Life of Brian'' is the third film by Creator/MontyPython, made in 1979. It follows the misadventures of Brian (played by Creator/GrahamChapman), who was born just down the street from UsefulNotes/JesusChrist. Dissatisfied with his life as a Jew in Roman territory, Brian attempts to join LaResistance (though mostly because there's a very pretty girl there) and ends up fleeing from the Romans. The film is notable for being the only Python film that makes a solid attempt at a single, cohesive plotline rather than a RandomEventsPlot or sketches.

Upon its release, this film drew a lot of controversy, mainly in the form of criticism from various religious groups and orders due to what was perceived as a disrespectful mockery of UsefulNotes/JesusChrist (which in turn was frequently based on the erroneous belief that Brian was intended to be/actually was Jesus, rather than just someone whose life paralleled him in several ways). Rather than mocking Jesus, however, the film actually treats the source material [[JesusWasWayCool with a lot of respect]]. It just points out that UsefulNotes/{{Christianity}} may have missed the point on some of what Jesus taught. It is not unheard of for the movie to be regarded as an AffectionateParody by actual ministers.

A made-for-TV comedy film, ''Film/HolyFlyingCircus'', about the controversy surrounding the film was released on BBC 4 in 2011. Creator/EricIdle later joined with ''Film/MontyPythonsTheMeaningOfLife'' composer John Du Prez to write an {{oratorio}} based on the film, ''Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy)''.

See also ''Series/MontyPythonsFlyingCircus''.

!!''Monty Python's Life of Brian'' provides examples of the following tropes:

* AccidentalHero: Brian manages to create a messianic following, entirely by accident. Even telling them to fuck off doesn't help.
--> '''Brian''': I'm not the messiah! Honestly I'm not!
--> '''Female follower''': Only the true messiah denies his divinity
--> '''Brian''': Well what kind of a chance does that give me? All right, I AM the messiah!
--> '''Multitude''': HE IS! HE IS THE MESSIAH!
--> '''BRIAN''': NOW.... '''FUCK OFF!'''
--> *beat*
--> '''Male follower''': How should we fuck off, O Lord?
* AcousticLicense: Averted.
-->Did he say "Blessed are the cheesemakers"?
* AgeProgressionSong: "Brian, the babe they called Brian..."
* AllThereInTheScript: Brian's mother is named Mandy, and his girlfriend's full name is Judith Iscariot. Neither is mentioned in the film itself.
* AlwaysChaoticEvil:
** The Judean People's Front, for reasons unknown. [[UnreliableNarrator At least, that's how they're perceived by others]].
** Also, the head of the People's Front of Judea would believe the Romans are.
* AnimatedCreditsOpening
* TheAntiNihilist: "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" expresses this view: life is horrible and meaningless, but despite this, we should try and enjoy it as long as we're here.
-->Life's a piece of shit\\
When you look at it\\
Life's a laugh and death's a joke, it's true.\\
You'll see it's all a show\\
Keep 'em laughing as you go\\
Just remember that the last laugh is on you.
* ArsonMurderAndJaywalking:
-->'''Pilate:''' Who is this "Wodewick" to whom you wefer?\\
'''Man:''' He's a "wobber"!\\
'''Other man:''' And a "wapist"!!\\
'''Woman:''' [[ComicallyMissingThePoint And a pickpocket!]]
** Also in a larger scale, the scene with three street prophets, one of whom is haranguing his audience with hellfire and brimstone, the second of which is doing the same thing only slightly dialled down, and the third of which is prophesying minor domestic inconveniences:
---> '''Mud-covered Madman''': And the eyes will be ''red with the blood of living creatures''! And the whore of Babylon shall ''riiiiide'' forth, on a threeheaded serpent! And throughout the land will be a ''greeeat rubbing of parts''!
---> '''Redclad Haranguer''': [''Northern Irish accent''] And the demon shall burn and maim, with a ''nane''-bladed sword! Not two, or five or seven but nane-bladed, which he will wield against all wretched sinners, sinners just like you, sir, there! And the horn on his head shall be...
---> '''Boring Prophet''': [''mildly''] There shall, in that time, be rumors of things going astray, erm, and there shall be a great confusion as to where things really are, and nobody will really know where lieth those little things wi-- with the sort of raffia-work base, that has an attachment. At this time, a friend shall lose his friend's hammer, and the young shall not know where lieth the things possessed by their fathers that their fathers put there, only just the night before, about eight o'clock.
* ArtisticLicenseHistory: RuleOfFunny applies full stop here, but a number of things the Romans supposedly did for the Jews (see WhatHaveYouDoneForMeLately) were actually already present prior to Roman conquest (such as wine, which had been around since the time of the Old Testament), some of them even having been established by previous rulers (such as Greece or Persia).
** On the topic of Roman wine, it was actually more of a curse than a blessing: the Romans loaded their wine with lead to make it taste sweeter, causing many of Rome's citizens (up to and including the emperors) to become susceptible to lead poisoning and all the problems that came with it.
** In addition, while the film does bring up the fact that it would be unfair to dismiss the Romans as little more than [[EvilOverlord Evil Overlords]], they were perfectly capable of being so on their worst days, and sometimes even on their best. Some of the largest rebellions against them, including the UsefulNotes/JewishRevolts, were directly caused by a high-ranking Roman (or a group of them) grabbing the VillainBall with both hands[[note]]The Jewish Revolts were kicked off by a centurion ordering the slaughter of a bunch of Jews ''for no reason whatsoever!''[[/note]] - a common cause for revolt would be the installation of an asshole tax collector who would make demands he ''knew'' could not be met until the locals got tired of him and retaliated; or [[ChronicBackstabbingDisorder they would betray a loyal ally]] [[KickTheDog for no good reason]], then [[WrittenByTheWinners make up a story]] [[NeverMyFault about how the rebels started it]]. But what more often than not broke their necks was the total disregard for local customs - this was particularly evident in their treatment of Judaism, which they never quite fully understood until ''after'' they fought three devastating wars against Jewish rebels, ending with the destruction of Jerusalem and the diaspora. So, overall, while the Romans certainly did a lot, many people, including the Jews, had every reason to despise them.
** The argument that they "brought peace" is also laughable: Rome, despite claiming to be in an age of ''[[IronicName Pax Romana]]'' ("Roman Peace"), was almost always at war, be it an aggressive campaign of expansion or suppressing a needlessly provoked revolt. Typically, "Roman peace" meant "butcher the enemy to the last child and then roast them in the tabloids". That said, once a province was "pacified" it was usually a pretty good place to live for speakers of Latin or Greek of some wealth.
* AwayInAManger: Brian is born at the same time as Jesus, in the manger next door.
* BeenThereShapedHistory: Brian's life intersects with Jesus and he keeps getting mistaken for the Messiah.
* BeYourself: Not blindly following dogma is a theme of this film, but the Pythons were savvy enough to both recognize this could be a LostAesop in all the silliness, and that the trope itself is a built-in BrokenAesop. So they got around both by having a scene where Brian explicitly states the message, and people still screw the message up. At least, not blindly following dogma ''you made up yourself'' because a guy ''really really'' seems like the messiah to you.
* BerserkButton: Don't refer to Mr. Bignose's... Big Nose. He was surprisingly 'patient' when it's pressed so many times, until he snaps.
* BigBad: Pontius Pilate, HangingJudge governor of Judea.
* BigDamnHeroes: ''Repeatedly'' subverted in the final scene, as [[spoiler:Brian's allies show up, group by group, and do nothing whatsoever to save him]].
* BirthdaySuitSurpriseParty: Brian's girlfriend Judith Iscariot - an {{Expy}} of Mary Magdalene - tries to convince the Virgin Mandy (Brian's mum) that he is special (whilst naked, as Mandy had barged in on the two of them). It doesn't work. And earlier when after awaking, Brian opens his blinds...
-->'''Brian's mum:''' He's not The Messiah! He's a very naughty boy!
* {{Blackface}}: John Cleese dons this to portray Balthazar in the Three Wise Men scene.
* BlindObedience: {{Lampshaded}} by a crowd who eagerly parrots a speech ''against'' eagerly parroting points of view and ideas.
* BlindingBangs: One of Brian's "acolytes", in the Sermon from the Window scene.
* ButtMonkey: Brian himself. He gets chased by Roman guards, [[spoiler:[[BigLippedAlligatorMoment taken to space by aliens,]] [[TheWoobie gets abandoned by his loved ones]] [[DownerEnding and dies via crucifixion.]]]]
* TheCallHasBadReception: From his followers' perspective.
* TheCameo:
** The man who rents out the mountain for sermons is Music/GeorgeHarrison.[[note]]He was essential in funding the film.[[/note]]
** The Pythons ran into Creator/SpikeMilligan (who had been visiting some of the places he had fought with the British Army in WWII) and gave him a brief role as a prophet.
* CampGay: Pontius Pilate, and his "vewwy good fwiend" Biggus Dickus.
* CanisLatinicus:
** [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2K8_jgiNqUc Naughtius Maximus, Biggus Dickus, Incontinentia Buttocks]].[[note]](The combinations "ck", "gg," and "gh" do not occur in Latin. It should be Nautius Maximus, Bigus Diccus and Incontinentia Buttox.)[[/note]]
** Lampshaded in the scene where a centurion catches Brian writing "Romanes eunt domus" on a wall and upbraids him for his poor grasp of Latin and forces him to correct his mistakes. [[spoiler: If you're wondering, "Romanes eunt domus" is very bad Latin for "Romans go home", or as the guard puts it, "People that are called Roman, they go, the house?"... it pluralizes the adjective for "Roman" and uses the incorrect tenses for "go" and "home". The corrected version, "Romani ite domum", is much more accurate.]]
* CannotSpitItOut: The stuttering prison guard and his {{Cloudcuckoolander}} assistant, when the Centurion tries to free Brian. PoorCommunicationKills, unfortunately... Although this later turns out to be ObfuscatingDisability.
%%* TheCatCameBack: Brian's followers.
* CavalryBetrayal: Multiple times during the crucifixion.
** The Centurion shows up to release Brian, but [[spoiler:accidentally frees the Cheeky Bloke instead]].
** The People's Front of Judea show up, [[spoiler:give Brian a statement of thanks for his impending martyrdom, and then leave]].
** The [[spoiler:Judean's People's Front]] sends a suicide squad to rescue him, which [[spoiler:promptly [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin commits suicide]]]].
** Judith arrives, only to [[spoiler:give her own thanks for his impending martyrdom.]]
** And finally Brian's mother stops by to [[spoiler:guilt trip him about leaving his mother alone without any support in her old age.]]
* ChekhovsArmy: Subverted with [[spoiler: the Judean People's Front]] in the final scene. After [[TheDreaded many hushed references]] to them by the other Judean resistance groups, they [[TheCavalry charge into the crucifixion site at the end]], leaving the Roman soldiers fleeing in terror...[[spoiler: then promptly kill themselves ''en masse'', revealing that they're actually the JPF's "crack suicide squad"]].
* ChildByRape: Brian was born because his mother was raped ([[NotIfTheyEnjoyedItRationalization at first]]) by a Roman centurion named Naughtius Maximus.
* ComicallyMissingThePoint: At least twice. Firstly, the scene in which Brian's followers ignore his message of individuality and original thought to jump on the "Brian is the Messiah" bandwagon; and also the scene where the centurion corrects Brian's Latin, ignoring the fact that the phrase itself is treason (and painting on a wall is vandalism, although graffiti was an accepted method of advertisement back then). Even funnier is that the guard let Brian off after he covered ''the entire building he was tagging'' with the phrase, now written correctly.
* ComplainingAboutRescuesTheyDontLike: The ex-leper, who objects to Jesus' healing miracles because they ruined his career as a beggar.
* {{Corpsing}}: In one of the most memorable scenes of the film, Pilate speaks of his friend [[BiggerIsBetterInBed Biggus Dickus]], [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2K8_jgiNqUc as the guards desperately (and ultimately vainly)]] attempt to keep a straight face. In reality, the extras cast as the guards were [[BlatantLies told that it was a serious scene,]] and if they so much as giggled, [[EnforcedMethodActing they would be fired]] on the spot. {{Hilarity ensues}}.
* CountryMatters: Reg would've used the word had the censors not demanded he say "klutz" instead. The page features the full uncensored quote.
* CowardlyLion: Brian is rather pathetic, denying his Roman heritage one moment, then using it to gain leniency when the Romans catch him. Then again he manages to escape for a while.
* {{Cyclops}}: The aliens have one EyeOnAStalk.
* ADateWithRosiePalms: The opening song says that teenage Brian "started to shave and have one off the wrist."
* DeadpanSnarker: Mandy, Reg, Brian, Mr. Cheeky, Mr. Big Nose, The Old Man at the Stoning, Ben, The Ex-Leper... It's basically a WorldOfSnark.
* DeniedParody: The Monty Python team have always denied that the film was a parody of the UsefulNotes/{{Jesus}} story - instead it's just a story about a guy called Brian living around the same time who is mistaken for the Messiah. The parody is about the various trappings of the religion - things like emphasis on symbols and extreme sectarianism and interpretations of Jesus's teachings that [[DramaticallyMissingThePoint completely miss the point]], while the teachings themselves are left intact. They never said they weren't making fun of religion, they just said they weren't making fun of Jesus. And they weren't. At least, not more than a couple of times. ("Bloody do-gooder.") They rejected their initial concept of Brian as a forgotten disciple of Jesus because the laughs stopped dead whenever Jesus was around none of them felt comfortable directly making jokes about him because [[JesusWasWayCool there's nothing to really mock about the man himself]].
* DerailedForDetails: Brian's attempt to tell the Parable of the Talents.
* DeusExMachina: Parodied. A low flying UFO passed by ''just when'' Brian is about to fall to his death.
* DiabolusExMachina: The ending, from Brian's perspective.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: The crowd starts arguing about whether the sign is the shoe or the gourd, mirroring sectarian disputes.
* DoubleTake: The two aliens inside the spaceship do a double-take at the sight of Brian. More exactly, their ''eyestalks'' do a double-take.
* DownerEnding: A ''very'' rare comedic example: "Cheer up, Brian. You know what they say: some things in life are bad..." Pretty much subverted by being a very cheery downer ending.
-->''[[EarWorm Always look on the briiiight siiiide of life]]''
* DoWrongRight: The above-mentioned scene with the centurion making Brian change his (treasonous) graffiti to be grammatically correct Latin.
* DreamCrushingHandicap: Stan wants to be called Loretta and become a woman because he wants to have babies. But alas, he just doesn't have a womb... "Where's the fetus going to gestate? You gonna keep it in a ''box''!?"
* ElmuhFuddSyndwome: Pontius Pilate. It was actually considered sophisticated to have a speech impediment back then. They did their research. So it's even applying DeliberateValuesDissonance to make it funny.
* EventTitle
%%* ExactWords: How Brian's followers interpret his instructions.
* FailureIsTheOnlyOption: [[spoiler:After Brian is crucified, just about everyone arrives to have a final word with him, never bothering to try saving him.]]
* {{Fanservice}}: The film features a naked Graham Chapman as well as a naked Sue Jones-Davies (Judith). Amusingly, although Judith is seen for a second or two in front view, there is no risk whatsoever of the viewer actually catching a glimpse of her private parts, as she is blessed with pubic hair of heroic proportions.
** Both the first century A.D. and TheSeventies tended towards a more natural look in that area....
* {{Flanderization}}: Pontius Pilate is [[{{Camp}} High Camp]]? [[Music/JesusChristSuperstar Who knew]]?
* FlockOfWolves: The women who dress up as men to go to the stoning. Plus the fact that all the actors playing those women were in fact, men. So you have [[RecursiveCrossdressing men pretending to be women pretending to be men]].
* FullFrontalAssault: Brian and Judith.
* GallowsHumor: The ending on the cross is rendered funny when everyone starts singing "Always look on the Bright Side of Life".
* GenreDeconstruction: Though it portrays Jesus in a favorable light, the movie is a pretty harsh deconstruction of society's romanticized view of life in the time of Christ, and of Biblical stories in general. As it points out, the Romans weren't just cruel oppressors with ZeroPercentApprovalRating (though that's not to say they couldn't be) -- they did more to improve the Judean people's lives than anyone before them. Conversely, "God's chosen people" had criminal justice that could be just as brutal and unfair as the Romans', and they were never a noble LaResistance -- they spent more time getting involved in petty squabbling amongst themselves than they did resisting the Romans. And in any case, having a cult of devoted followers who expect you to solve all of their problems isn't nearly as cool as you would think. And getting betrayed by your friends and "sacrificing" yourself on the cross? It's only inspiring '''''when it's not happening to you!'''''
* GettingCrapPastTheRadar: The graffiti scene is an in-show example. Brian is quickly caught by a centurion, but he [[YouMakeMeSic cares more about the graffiti's bad grammar than the treasonous message it conveyed]].
-->'''Brian:''' ''(after spending the rest of the night painting "ROMANI ITE DOMUM" all over the building)'' Finished!\\
'''Guard:''' Right. Now don't do it again. ''(walks off)''
* GirlsWithMoustaches: Some women unconvincingly disguise themselves as men, complete with big bushy beards, in order to attend a stoning.
* GodivaHair: Judith has her long hair covering her breasts when Brian's mother discovers them after they have sex.
* GraffitiOfTheResistance: The graffiti against the Roman occupation; one Roman soldier is [[DoWrongRight more disturbed by the bad grammar]] than the content of the message.
* HairyGirl: Judith is shown to be one in her nude scene after she and Brian are discovered by his mother after having had sex. This is TruthInTelevision for most women at the time.
* TheHeroDies: [[spoiler:Brian gets crucified.]]
* HoistByHisOwnPetard: The official at the stoning, where the criminal was guilty of saying "Jehovah" in vain:
--> "No one is to stone anyone until I blow this whistle! Even- and I want to make this ''absolutely clear''!!- even if they DO say 'Jehovah'!" (cue crowd stoning him for blasphemy)
* HopeSpot: The ending takes sadistic delight in twisting the screw further and further for Brian. [[spoiler: Once Brian's being crucified, one of the other victims notes that lots of people end up getting rescued, which is followed by everyone who might have a reason to rescue Brian showing up... and spectacularly failing to even try rescuing him.]] Still, Always Look on the Bright Side of Life...
* HypocriticalHumor: A key theme of the movie is many of the [[{{Hypocrite}} hypocrisies]] and {{Double Standard}}s present in organized religion and, in a broader context, in society at large. This being a movie by the Pythons, it becomes a rich source of humour as well.
** In one specific example, the beginning of the movie features a ceremony where a man who used the Lord's name in vain is about to be stoned to death ("All I said was 'that bit of halibut is good enough for Jehovah'!"). However, except for Brian all of the people attending the stoning are women... who, in that women are not permitted to participate in the stoning, are breaking the Jewish religious law just as much as the poor sod they're about to stone to death.[[note]][[DeathByIrony It's actually the priest that's running the execution who ends up getting stoned to death]].[[/note]]
** In another part, Brian defends his Jewish pride...[[RefugeInAudacity by describing himself with every Jewish slur imaginable.]]
* IAmSpartacus: Direct ShoutOut that intentionally parodies this trope by inverting it, as the 'Spartacus' that they're looking for is the person whom they're not going to execute, but ''set free''. "I'm Brian! And so's my wife!"
%%* IKnowWhatWeCanDoCut: The kidnapping plan.
* InCaseYouForgotWhoWroteIt
* InnocentFanserviceGirl: Judith, who really doesn't seem to have a problem defending a NiceJewishBoy's integrity to his own mother even when she herself is stark naked and very obviously someone that the boy has recently had sex with. You do wonder what flavour of Jewish Judith herself could possibly be. (People's Front of Judea, obviously.)
* {{Irony}}: Everyone declares themselves an individual in as much of a hive-minded crowd can... and the one individual who blurts out that he's not.
* ItsASmallWorldAfterAll: The alien spacecraft lands right at the foot of the tower Brian fell off of, despite leaving the planet.
* JesusWasWayCool: The Pythons ended up deciding that Jesus was impervious to ridicule. The only joke made in his presence is about people mishearing the Sermon on the Mount, which factors into the film's lampooning of religion rather than Jesus himself.
* JewishMother: Brian's mother, Mandy, who nags him even when he's on the cross.
* JewsLoveToArgue: From the sectarian infighting to a vendor getting offended that Brian "doesn't wanna' haggle".
* JustInTime
** Subverted, when the Legionary commander arrives at the prison with orders to release Brian, it turns out they've already left.
** And again when [[spoiler:the Crack Suicide Squad]] arrives to free Brian.
* KarmicDeath: The unnamed man who leads a stoning of a blasphemer gets fed up with people trying to start the stoning before he's given the order and says "Nobody is stoning anyone until I say so, even-and I want to make this VERY CLEAR-if they say 'Jehovah'." [[DeathByIrony The crowd then stones him for blasphemy.]]
* LaResistance: The several groups to free Judea from the Romans, and how they suck at it.
* LargeHam:
** "We're the People's Front of Judea! Judean People's Front..." Played with, making fun of a man for forming the Popular Front.
** Also, the priest at the stoning.
* LeaningOnTheFourthWall: "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" compares death to the end of a production from the actors' perspective. It's played at the end of the film.
** Towards the end of the song, it becomes BreakingTheFourthWall, as Creator/EricIdle engages in a peculiar monologue. Among other things, he states that "this record's available in the foyer".
* LiteralMetaphor: [[spoiler:The Suicide Squad.]]
* LogicBomb: The one man in the crowd that claims he isn't different to those who just repeated "We are all different."
* MaleFrontalNudity: Brian. Wonder if that scene inspired Creator/EricIdle to write that famous song in the Python's next movie?
* MessianicArchetype: {{Discussed}}.
* MisaimedFandom: [[invoked]]Pretty much the message of the entire film. People obeying someone they mistake for the Messiah and misinterpreting everything he does or says.
* MisplacedWildlife: Ocelots, jaguars, Swedes, [[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking the Welsh]].
* MissedTheCall: The Three Wise Men visit Brian's house first by mistake while Following a Star. They have to take their gifts back from Brian's quarrelsome mother.
* MistakenForProfound: People thinking Brian is the Messiah.
* MistakenForSpecialGuest: Brian's whole life, particularly after he decides to pretend to be a prophet in the town square.
* MisterSeahorse: Discussed. "It's every man's right to have babies if he wants them."
* MoralGuardians: The natural enemy of the Python.
* MortonsFork: Doesn't matter what Brian says, the crowd ''will'' [[MistakenForProfound believe he's the Messiah]].
-->'''Brian''': I'm not the Messiah! Will you please listen? I am not the Messiah, do you understand? Honestly!\\
'''Girl''': Only the true Messiah denies His divinity. \\
'''Brian''': What? Well, what sort of chance does that give me? All right! I am the Messiah!\\
'''Followers''': He is! He is the Messiah!
* MundaneMadeAwesome: The theme song. Musically, it's an anthem fit for a Biblical epic, with bombastically triumphant horns and a ''very'' dramatic singer. [[LyricalDissonance Lyrically]], it details Brian's perfectly mundane life as he matures from a perfectly mundane baby into a perfectly mundane man.
''The babe they called Brian.''\\
''He grew...''\\
''Grew, grew and grew...''\\
''Grew up to be...''\\
''[[LargeHam GREW UP TO BEEEEEEEE]]...''\\
''A boy called Brian.''
* TheMusical:
** ''Not the Messiah (He's a Very Naughty Boy)'', a comic oratorio written by Creator/EricIdle and John du Prez (the same team of ''Theatre/{{Spamalot}}''). Besides many original compositions are Python mainstays "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life" and "The Lumberjack Song".
** In Creator/TerryJones' documentary series ''Medieval Lives'', a knight's crest is made for him with the motto ''Messias Non Est'' (He's Not the Messiah).
* NeverSayThatAgain: Jehovah!
* NoCelebritiesWereHarmed: He really ''isn't'' the Messiah, as the Pythons were quick to point out whenever accused of mocking Jesus. Jesus appears briefly as a background character, saying exactly what he said in the Bible and not made the butt of a single joke. Now, as for making fun of ''Christians''...
* NoEnding: Not that you'd really expect one from a Monty Python movie.
* NoMeansYes: Denying he's the Messiah just makes the believers even more certain of Brian's divinity.
* NotIfTheyEnjoyedItRationalization
-->'''Brian:''' You mean... you were raped?!\\
'''Brian's mother:''' Well, at first, yes.
* NowBuyTheMerchandise: During the fade-out of ''Always Look on the Bright Side of Life'', the Cheeky Man notes: "Incidentally this record is available in the foyer. Some of us have to got live as well, you know." Reportedly, the single really was on sale in the foyers of some cinemas.
* ObfuscatingInsanity: The two guards in charge of the prisoners for crucifixion. Although technically, only one of them is pretending to be insane-the other has a [[ObfuscatingDisability phony speech impediment]]:
-->'''Centurion:''' Have they gone?
-->'''Insane Jailer:''' *beat* We've got lumps of it round the back.
-->'''Centurion:''' What?
-->'''Speech Impaired Jailer:''' Don't worry about him, he's mmm... he's mmm... *stomps* he's mad sir.
-->'''Centurion:''' Have they gone? *gestures to indicate the prisoners*
-->'''Speech Impaired Jailer:''' Oh yeah, ah nahh, nnnn, nnnn, nnn... *both jailers make peculiar measuring gestures*
-->'''Centurion:''' Oh, come on! *leaves in disgust*
-->'''Speech Impaired Jailer:''' ...nnn ....yes, sir *beat* Anyway, go on with the story.
-->'''Insane Jailer:''' *in completely normal voice* Well, I knew she never really fancied him...
* OccupiersOutOfOurCountry: They only want the cruel but effective Romans to go home.
* OffTheShelfFX: The spaceship prop's "exploding" mechanism was powered by exploding cigars and a lightbulb filament.
* OffOnATechnicality: Since the LargeHam priest got stoned to death for saying "Jehovah," it's probably safe to say that the old prisoner is off the hook.
* OhCrap: One of the guards' face ''screams'' of this when Pilate tells that Biggus Dickus "has a wife, you know". The actors playing the guards were [[EnforcedMethodActing specifically told not to laugh]], so the reaction is most likely [[EnforcedMethodActing a real one.]]
** The Roman centurion (played by John Cleese) has [[http://youtu.be/7Lc86JUAwwg?t=3m31s prepared a speech for Pilate to read]], taking into full account [[ElmuhFuddSyndwome his speech impediment]]-and then Biggus Dickus, who has a '''huge''' lisp, takes over out of the blue. The centurion actually says "Oh no!" as Dickus snatches the scroll and all but buries his face in his hands.
* OnlySaneMan:
** In as much as a Creator/MontyPython movie can be said to have a "sane" man, Brian usually fulfills this role. Of the Romans, the centurion played by John Cleese seems to be the only one with his head screwed on straight.
** The PFJ take it in turns to be the only sane man. Reg is the only one to realise the futility of fighting for Stan's right to do something which is biologically impossible anyway. But later it's Judith who points out that Brian will be killed if they don't stop debating with each other and take immediate action. (She is, of course, ignored.)
** In the stoning scene, the two Roman guards just watch the various hypocrisies, stupidities and chaotic scenes that go on with resigned looks on their faces.
* OpenTheDoorAndSeeAllThePeople: With MaleFrontalNudity, no less.
* OverwhelmingException: One of the more well known instances of this trope. When Reg and company are trying to stir people up against the Romans, he [[RhetoricalQuestionBlunder asks what the Romans have ever done for them]]. He soon winds up with a very long list indeed, but keeps trying to get people going.
-->All right, but apart from the sanitation, the medicine, education, wine, public order, irrigation, roads, the fresh-water system, and public health, what have the Romans ever done for us?
* PaperThinDisguise
** During a stoning, all the women in the group are wearing fake beards in order to participate. There's even a vendor right outside the stoning grounds openly selling these beards.
** When Brian returns to the People's Front. Seriously, hiding under a rug? They do it a second time when the Romans come to search the headquarters for Brian. They then joke about it when they come back a third time-"You haven't given us time to hide!"
* PassionPlay: PlayedForLaughs and PlayedWith. ''Monty Python's Life of Brian'' is a comedy, so it shifts focus away from the brutal execution of Christ to a more humorous character named Brian, who was born in the manger next to Jesus's. Because of their proximity, Brian ends up being mistaken for the real Messiah and gets sentenced to crucifixion by the Romans. [[spoiler:Only for those being crucified next to Brian begin whistling and singing "Always Look On the Bright Side of Life" to cheer him up.]]
* PopCulturalOsmosis: "Always Look On the Bright Side Of Life" has become such a popular standard that some first time viewers will laugh when the characters sing this song in the film, because they assume the Pythons are simply covering a well known song. In reality it was completely written by Python member Eric Idle.
* ThePrankster: The guy played by Eric Idle, titled as "Mr. Cheeky", is actually one, starting from igniting the whole "Big Nose" incident, and later dashed Brian's chance to be freed by claiming himself to be Brian for kicks.
-->"Bloody Romans, can't take a joke."
* PrecisionCrash: While being chased by Romans, Brian falls off of a tall building and into the cockpit of a passing alien spacecraft. It goes into space and has a dogfight with another ship. The other ship hits it, and it crash lands right back in Jerusalem at the feet of a local who had seen it pass by in the first place.
* PrecisionFStrike: Brian uses the word only once in the film:
-->'''Brian:''' Alright, I ''am'' the Messiah!\\
'''Worshipers:''' HE IS! He is the Messiah!\\
'''Brian:''' Now...''fuck off!''\\
'''Worshipper:''' ''[{{Beat}}]'' How shall we fuck off, O Lord?
** Lampshaded by Cleese in the DVD commentary.
* PunnyName: {{Played with}}.
** The lead Centurion naturally assumes that the name of Brian's father, "Naughtius Maximus", is a joke name, like "Sillius Soddus" or "Biggus Dickus".
** The Judean People's Front has a suicide squad. [[spoiler:[[SuicideMission Their mission: commit suicide]].]]
* TheQueensLatin: British accents for everybody in ancient Judea. Since almost every character is from Monty Python, this was a natural occurrence. Brian's mother even refers to Judith as "that Welsh tart".
* RecursiveCrossdressing: The stoning, in which the Pythons were men playing women pretending to be men.
* RenegadeSplinterFaction: The Judean People's Front is plagued by these.
* RhetoricalQuestionBlunder: An extended example. [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qc7HmhrgTuQ What have the Romans ever done for us?]]
* RightOnQueue: "...Out of the door, line on the left, one cross each..."
* SeriousBusiness: Latin. Failure to recognize the difference between the Dative and the Locative will get a sword to your throat.
* ShoutOut:
** A 'Judith' is an impressively dense patch of pubic hair, according to the 'Roger's Profanisaurus' section of ''Comics/{{Viz}}'' magazine.
** The title song is, stylistically, quite similar to the title song of ''{{Film/Goldfinger}}''.
* ShownTheirWork: They managed to get a lot of historical details right in the film, not surprising since a historian (Creator/TerryJones) directed it.
** Brian being the bastard son of a Roman soldier in fact mirrors an ancient anti-Christian claim about Jesus, as found in the writings of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Celsus Celsus]] and others.
** When it comes to the controversy about the film, it rapidly becomes clear that the Pythons know what they're talking about a lot more than the MoralGuardians do.
** The disparate Jewish sects agitating against the Romans really were as divided in real life as they were depicted in this film, and actually did more infighting than fighting against the Romans. Ultimately this meant that all three Jewish uprisings against the Romans failed precisely because WeAreStrugglingTogether, though the immense military strength of the Roman Empire didn't help either. John Cleese, a former Latin teacher, most likely knew enough about Roman history to know this.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Pretty far on the cynical side in regards to its portrayal of modern organized religion, MoralGuardians, and society in general. That said it's notable that the film ends with a song telling you to look on the bright side of life, even if it is a joke.
* SonOfAWhore: Mandy provides... services... to the Roman guards, and she tells Brian that one of them resulted in his conception.
* SoundtrackDissonance: ''"Always look on the bright side of life!"''
* SpaceBattle: During the spaceship scene.
* SpeechImpediment: Pilate, as stated above in ElmerFuddSyndrome. His subjects like to make fun of it by asking that he release prisoners named in such a way that would make them laugh (Roger, for instance). Biggus Dickus as well. He has Sylvester The Cat Syndrome, which causes problems when he lists the names of some of the actual prisoners (Samson the Saducee Strangler, Silas the Syrian Assassin, several seditious scribes from Caesarea...), which only makes the commoners laugh harder.
-->'''Biggus Dickus:''' ...wath it thomething I thaid...?
* SpiritualSuccessor: The film bares more than a few resemblances to ''Film/{{Jabberwocky}}''; a Monty Python-alumni film directed by Terry Gilliam about a man who is unwittingly swept up in the politics of the ignorant or insane people around him, repeatedly victimized, lionized and all-around abused by the absurd world that they live in.
* StarfishAliens: The giant eyeball-headed ones that rescue Brian when he falls off the tower.
* [[StealthPun Stealth Joke]]: Possibly one when, Brian calls his father a "bastard" ... right after discovering that he, Brian, actually was one. Definitely a very stealthy one with the now-healed former leper asking for alms from Brian and his mother. The whole time the ex-leper is talking, he's skipping and hopping the entire time-a reference to a man healed in Literature/TheBible (although a cripple, not a leper) who after his healing "Went about walking and leaping".
* StopWorshippingMe: Brian is continually [[MistakenForSpecialGuest Mistaken for the Messiah]].
* StupidSacrifice:
** [[spoiler:The "crack suicide squad" attempts to save Brian from crucifixion.]]
** Not by Brian himself, but his followers left him to die on the cross, so he could become a martyr.
* SubvertedRhymeEveryOccasion: In "Always Look on the Bright Side of Life":
-->Some things in life are bad,\\
They can really make you mad.\\
Other things just make you swear and curse.\\
When you're chewing on life's gristle,\\
Don't grumble; give a whistle,\\
And this'll help things turn out for the best.
* SuicideMission: Played for laughs by [[spoiler:the "crack suicide squad". They show up at the crucifixion, their leader cries "Attack!" whereupon all of the members open a door on the chest of their armor, stab themselves and die at Brian's feet.]] "That showed 'em, huh?"
* ThreatBackfire: The centurion tries to intimidate the old man who covers for the resistance movement by bringing up crucifixion-and gets very put out when the old man doesn't seem particularly fazed at all.
* {{Transsexual}}: PlayedForLaughs with Stan/Loretta, though to the credit of her friends, after the initial joking they accept her decision.
* TruthInTelevision: Roman-occupied Judea at the time depicted really was full of small religious sects, ecstatic prophets preaching on the streets and fragmented revolutionary groups.
* UngratefulBastard: Jesus managed to heal a leper (played by Michael Palin) of his leprosy. Still unemployed however, people are less willing to give an unemployed "ex-leper" change than they would a regular leper. He then [[TheTheoremOfNarrowInterests complains]] about Brian not giving him much when he concedes and ''does'' give him money.
-->'''Ex-Leper:''' Half a dinare for me bloody life story?\\
'''Brian:''' There's no pleasing some people.\\
'''Ex-Leper:''' That's just what Jesus said, sir.
* UngratefulTownsfolk: Inspite of everything the Romans have brought to Judea, some of the townsfolk still want them gone, multiple rebellion groups forming out of their hatred for the Romans (and each other). This is even hilariously lampshaded in the film.
-->'''Reg:''' They've bled us white, the bastards. They've taken everything we had, not just from us, from our fathers and from our fathers' fathers... [and] what have they ever given us in return?\\
'''Xerxes:''' The aqueduct.\\
'''Reg:''' Oh yeah, yeah they gave us that. Yeah. That's true.\\
'''Masked Activist:''' And Sanitation.\\
'''Stan:''' Oh yes... sanitation, Reg, you remember what the city used to be like.\\
'''Reg:''' All right, I'll grant you that the aqueduct and the sanitation are two things that the Romans have done...\\
'''Matthias:''' And the roads...\\
'''Reg:''' Well yes obviously the roads... the roads go without saying. But apart from the aqueduct, the sanitation and the roads...\\
'''Another Masked Activist:''' ...irrigation?\\
'''Other Masked voices:''' Medicine... Education... Health...\\
'''Reg:''' Yes... all right, fair enough...\\
'''Activist Near Front:''' ...and the wine...\\
'''Omnes:''' Oh yes! True\\
'''Francis:''' Yeah. That's something we'd really miss if the Romans left, Reg.\\
'''Masked Activist At Back:''' Public Baths!\\
'''Stan:''' ''And'' it's safe to walk in the streets at night now.\\
'''Francis:''' Yes, they certainly know how to keep order... let's face it, they're the only ones who could in a place like this.\\
'''Reg:''' All right... all right... but apart from better sanitation and medicine and education and irrigation and public health and roads and a freshwater system and baths and public order... what have the Romans done for us?\\
'''Xerxes:''' Brought Peace!\\
'''Reg:''' What!? Oh... Peace, yes... shut up!
* UnusuallyUninterestingSight: When the BigLippedAlligatorMoment during the flying saucer scene occurs, a man is watching Brian, standing nearby when the alien craft crashes. When Brian crawls out of the wreckage, he merely comments "[[{{Understatement}} You lucky bastard]]." Later, the Roman guards chasing him (that didn't fall off the tower) pass by the wreckage without batting an eye.
* UnwantedFalseFaith: The whole point of the film is that Brian gets mistaken for a messiah very much like Jesus, in spite of his every attempt to dissuade them.
* VerbalTic: "Oh, don't worry about him sir, he's deeeaahhhh... he's deeeaahhhh..." [[spoiler: It turns out he can speak perfectly normally, he just likes to fuck with the Romans.]]
* WeAREStrugglingTogether: The TropeNamer. This is a bit of a GeniusBonus: while any Brit could see the reference to the British Left in the late '70s (which was about to get much, much worse), the truth is that the ''actual'' Judaean rebels ''really were'' incredibly divided and often couldn't get it together enough to fight the Romans.
* WhatHaveYouDoneForMeLately: "All right, but apart from [[LongList the sanitation, medicine, education, wine, public order, irrigation, roads, the fresh water system and public health]], what have the Romans ever done for us?".
-->"...Brought peace?"\\
"Oh, peace...shut up!"
* WhoopiEpiphanySpeech: Subverted repeatedly.
* WithUsOrAgainstUs: The resistance groups spend more time fighting each other than fighting the Romans. Brian even calls them out on it.
-->'''Brian:''' We should unite against our common enemy!\\
'''Others:''' The Judean People's Front?\\
'''Brian:''' No! The ''Romans''!
* TheXOfY
* YouMakeMeSic: The graffiti correction scene.
-->'''Centurion:''' "Romanes eunt domus? 'People called Romanes, they go the 'ouse?!'"

->''[+And... Always look on the bright side of death! Just before you draw your terminal breath!+]''