This film is a 1975 Taiwanese / Hong Kong martial arts film starring Jimmy Wang Yu, who also wrote and directed the film. It is a sequel to Yu's 1971 film One Armed Boxer, and thus the film is also known as One-Armed Boxer 2 and The One Armed Boxer Vs. the Flying Guillotine.

The film concerns Yu's one-armed martial arts master being stalked by an Imperial assassin named Fung Sheng Wu Chi, the master of two fighters (the Tibetan Lamas) who were killed in the previous film. When the One-Armed Boxer is invited to attend a martial arts tournament, his efforts to lay low are unsuccessful when the assassin soon tracks him down with the help of his three subordinates competing in the tournament: a Thai boxer named Nai Men, an Indian named Yoga Tro La Seng, and a Japanese kobujutsu user nicknamed "'Wins-without-a-knife' Yakuma."

The title refers to the assassin's unique weapon, the so-called "Flying Guillotine" which resembles a hat with a bladed rim attached to a long chain. Upon enveloping one's head, the blades [[OffWithHisHead cleanly decapitate the unlucky victim]] with a quick pull of the chain.

Master of the Flying Guillotine is considered a classic martial arts movie and has influenced many films of the genre that followed. It enjoyed a recent surge of popularity when ''Film/KillBill'' referenced the villain's {{leitmotif}}, an excerpt of the song "Super 16" by Music/{{Neu}}.

''Film/TheGuillotines'' (2012) is a loose {{remake}}.
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!!Master of the Flying Guillotine provides examples of:
* {{Badass}}: Even without the dreaded Flying Guillotine, Fung Sheng Wu Chi is not a man you want to fuck with.
* BaldOfEvil: Fung Sheng Wu Chi
* BeardOfEvil: Fung Sheng Wu Chi
* {{Brownface}}: La Seng, the Indian, is played by a Chinese man. The effect they use to try and pull it off is [[SpecialEffectsFailure hilariously awful.]]
* CombatPragmatist: The One-Armed Boxer is a great martial artist, but he relies on an incredible amount of pre-planning to give him the edge in his duels against the various villains.
* DawsonCasting: As with many martial arts flicks, the old master is played by a much younger actor.
* {{Determinator}}: To avenge his students Fung Sheng Wu Chi will kill any one armed man he encounters.
* DisabilitySuperpower: The best martial artists in China are apparently a one-armed man and an old blind man.
* DualTonfas: Yakuma's weapons. Of course, knifes are hidden in the ends of them.
* FountainOfExpies: Several characters actually went on to be {{Expy}}s in other martial arts movies. Some of them got [[{{Expy}} expied]] into {{Fighting Game}}s making this a very influential film.
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: The villain is in fact a master of the flying guillotine
* ExtendableArms: La Seng, the Indian fighter. It's believed that Dhalism of ''StreetFighter'' fame is based on this character.
* GuiltByCoincidence: Fung Sheng Wu Chi knows that a one-armed man killed his disciples, so he'll kill every one-armed man he meets.
* ImpossiblyCoolWeapon: The Flying Guillotine itself.
* KungFoley: Quite a lot, being a Shaw Brothers film from the 70s. Most noticeable with the flying guillotine, which makes a gunshot sound whenever it's thrown.
* {{Leitmotif}}: Fung Sheng Wu Chi has a grinding, droning theme song taken from a song by the Krautrock band Neu! that is quite noticeable for a period martial arts film.
* MadeOfIron: The Mongolian fighter's power is total immunity to attacks, until his eyes are poked out.
* MartialPacifist: This was actually due to Jimmy Wang Yu being a poor martial artist in real life.
* NoHoldsBarredBeatdown: The One-Armed Boxer picks a particularly brutal way to defeat the Thai boxer. He locks him in a room where the floor slowly heats up, so that his bare feet are roasted. Unable to fight back, he gets beaten and cooked to death.
* NonIndicativeName: "Wins-without-a-knife" invariably pulls a knife on his opponents for the win. He uses the nickname as a disarming tactic, so they won't expect it.
* OddlyCommonRarity: There seems to be a lot of one-armed men walking around China.
* OffWithHisHead: What the title weapon does to anyone it's used on.
* PopculturalOsmosis
* PublicDomainSoundtrack: Most of the film's soundtrack is made up of {{Krautrock}} songs, by Music/{{Neu}}, Music/TangerineDream and Music/{{Kraftwerk}} in particular. This later caused rights issues when it was released as a DVD, and in Japan its entire soundtrack had to be replaced with a new score.
* RetiredBadass: Flying Guillotine comes out of retirement to avenge his students' deaths.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: Flying Guillotine intends to kill every one-armed man in China until someone tells him that he got his man.
* RuleOfCool: The flying guillotine is obviously a fictitious weapon, but it's cool.
** ...kinda? There's no ''proof'' that it existed, but this is hardly the first film to come up with the idea and it dates back to some really old Chinese folklore, so it may not be as fictitious as it seems.
* ShoutOut: The bum who kills seven flies with one blow, then makes a belt about it and passes his feat off as killing seven ''people'' with one blow, is taken from the European fables of Literature/JackTheGiantKiller and Literature/TheBraveLittleTailor.
* SuspiciouslySpecificDenial: "Wins Without a Knife" Yakuma. Who said anything about a knife?
* TournamentArc: A martial arts tournament is where all the characters meet. A bunch of different styles are showcased, a good number of fatalities occur, and once Fung Shen Wu Chi kills another one-armed fighter, then the guy running it, it's mostly forgotten about.
* TryingToCatchMeFightingDirty: "Wins Without a Knife" has the decency to look shifty after pulling out his (gasp!) knife.
* UnderdogsNeverLose
* {{Yellowface}}: The cast of Hong Kong actors portray a variety of Asian ethnicities. The most obvious example is La Seng, the Indian fighter.
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