->''"I can't afford to hate people. I don't have the time for that."''

''Ikiru'' (To Live) is a 1952 film by Creator/AkiraKurosawa about the death of a petty bureaucrat. Kanji Watanabe has served in a monotonous bureaucratic position in City Hall for 30 years, providing for a son who only seems to care about his money. He is seemingly content with this barely living routine, until a trip to the doctor reveals that he is [[YourDaysAreNumbered dying of stomach cancer]]. Suddenly awakened to the meaninglessness of his life so far, Watanabe searches in vain for a way to give his life purpose, trying dissipation, hedonism and [[IntergenerationalFriendship a (platonic) relationship with a much younger woman]] before finally realizing that the key just happens to have been sitting on his own desk all along: a plan to build a playground in a poor neighborhood, on land coveted by developers for a new shopping arcade. Something that only someone with his skills, developed over a lifetime spent in the bureaucracy, is going to be able to get accomplished.

Considered Kurosawa's finest film to be set in contemporary Japan (most of his famous films are [[JidaiGeki jidai-geki]]), it was the film he made right before ''Film/SevenSamurai'', and if not for its proximity, ''Ikiru'' would probably be held in even higher regard. As it stands, the film is considered an absolute classic from a master filmmaker, with Takashi Shimura giving the performance of his career.

Almost always referred to by its Japanese title; while this has more or less always been true, it also helps distinguish it from the much later film adaptation of the Chinese novel ''Literature/ToLive''.

!!This Film contains examples of:
* AnachronicOrder: After Watanabe finds his purpose, we jump to his funeral, and the intervening time is told in flashbacks and reminiscing.
* BittersweetEnding: [[spoiler: Watanabe dies having finally accomplished something, but his coworkers go back to meaningless busywork. The good news is at least one of them is ''not'' pleased with this state of affairs. The seed has been sown...]]
* TheDeterminator: How Watanabe manages to get the park approved, continually pestering the bureaucracy until it gives in.
* EarnYourHappyEnding: Watanabe gives his last days alive tirelessly trying to get the park built, without rest. In the end, the park is built, and though Watanabe may die, he can go happily, as he now knows that he redeemed himself, and made his life matter.
* EmptyShell: Watanabe at the start of the film, having worked countless years in his meaningless job. It takes news of his cancer to ignite emotion back into him.
* {{Flashback}}: How the process of making the park is told.
* GenkiGirl: Toyo certainly applies.
* GoOutWithASmile: [[spoiler: Watanabe dies, sitting on a swing in the park that he gave his last days to create, in the snow, quietly singing his favorite song to himself.]]
* GrayRainOfDepression: Reversed, dying Watanabe is actually so happy to finally complete his quest that he cheerfully plays and whistles in a swing under a heavy rain/snow.
* TheHeroDies: Watanabe dies halfway through the film. The rest of his story is presented in flashback via the memories of those attending the funeral.
* HumbleHero: Watanabe's goals are modest -- one playground to make some children and their mothers happy -- and he succeeds largely because he simply doesn't care if he gets any credit for it.
* InVinoVeritas: At Watanabe's wake, Ohno says that any one of them would have done the same thing Watanabe had done if they knew they were dying. Ohara, the drunkest one there, calls him out on his wishful thinking.
-->'''Ohara:''' Compared to Watanabe-san, we're all just worthless scum!
** Also subverted, as the only other man who says precisely what he means and feels is completely sober.
* {{Irony}}
-->'''Novelist''': "How tragic that man can never realize how beautiful life is until he is face to face with death."
* LetThemDieHappy: The doctors at the clinic try to cover up the cancer but another patient's warning about rosy diagnoses prevents that.
* LikeYouWereDying: Watanabe is a powerfully humble take on this, as he's willing to bear any discomfort and face any humiliation in order to achieve his goal, including standing silently outside the Deputy Mayor's office hour after hour for days on end before the Deputy finally caves before Watanabe's unflinching sincerity.
* MedalOfDishonor: Watanabe's attendance award, as it reminds him of the years he wasted in bureaucracy.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: The bureaucrats at City Hall, who put on a show of activity while jealously guarding their turf. Watanabe himself is one of them at the beginning of the film, which gives him the insider knowledge he uses to eventually [[HeelFaceTurn subvert and reject]] this trope.
** Demonstrated during the opening sequence when the neighborhood mothers present their playground proposal and receive the royal runaround as each office fobs them off on another until they wind up right back where they started, Watanabe's planning department.
** This is a DiscussedTrope during his wake, with one of the members stating "The thing is, in order to clean up a garbage can somewhere, you need a garbage can full of paperwork!"
* PolitenessJudo: Watanabe accomplishes the seemingly impossible by asking very nicely, bowing, and (politely) refusing to go away until he gets what he is asking for.
* PoorCommunicationKills: Watanabe consistently fails to tell his family he's dying, or that he's seeing a former subordinate. As a result, his family thinks he's seeing a gold digger, and treat him like crap even when he ''does'' try to explain things. [[spoiler: By the time they realize the truth, he's dead.]]
* RecycledInSpace: ''The Death of Ivan Ilych'' [-IN MODERN DAY JAPAN-].
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: Subverted in that Wantanabe doesn't reform until he knows he is dying and specifically after his final meeting with Toyo.
* SleazyPolitician: The deputy mayor, who tries to take all the credit for the park he tried to quash.
** Works as a serious CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming too, as the women who lived in the neighborhood knew ''exactly'' who they had to thank for the park's creation.
* ShoutOut: Kurosawa was heavily influenced by Frank Capra's ''Film/ItsAWonderfulLife'' and both films have very similar overall messages and structures. Kurosawa's approach is less idealistic.
* TraumaSwing: Inverted. Watanabe dies at night, in the rain, on a swing -- but the mood of the scene is anything but "traumatized."
* TwoActStructure: The first act being Wantanabe coming to terms with his illness and the second [[spoiler: a posthumous re-counting at his wake of his building the park/ruminations on the man himself]]
* YourDaysAreNumbered: About six months elapse between Watanabe's death and his diagnosis,