[[quoteright:340:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Hairspray_340.jpg]]

->''"Mama, welcome to the '60s!"''
-->--'''Tracy Turnblad'''

1. The first film Creator/JohnWaters made that got PG. It was released in 1988. It starred Ricki Lake as Tracy Turnblad, Divine as her mother, and John Waters's usual repertory cast.

Tracy Turnblad is a ''[[JustForPun huge]]'' fan of the Corny Collins Show, which is similar to AmericanBandstand. She also is a fan of big hairstyles which require hairspray to stay in place - a trend the adults disapprove of. When one of the old dancers has to leave because of pregnancy, an audition is held for a new female dancer, and Tracy gets the spot because of her talent and her exuberant personality. This leads to a chain of events that will change Baltimore forever...

2. The film eventually inspired a Broadway musical. The music was changed for this production. The original film was for the most part not a musical ''per se'', just full of music, and its songs were all DanceSensation songs of one sort or another. The musical had songs tell the story more directly. The storyline is similar to the original, but some details and some emphases were adjusted (for example, most references to Velma Von Tussle in the tropes below are from the Broadway musical or second film, as her role was greatly expanded from the original). It won eight Tony Awards, and introduced the world to Marissa Jaret Winokur (who previously was more known as the fast-food girl with Kevin Spacey in ''Film/AmericanBeauty'').

3. The musical was successful enough that it itself was [[RecursiveAdaptation made into a film]] around 2007. It starred Nikki Blonsky as Tracy Turnblad and JohnTravolta as her mom, among an ensemble cast.

Not to be confused with ''Theatre/{{Hair}}''.
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!!Tropes
* AccentUponTheWrongSyllable: Really, Accent on the Wrong Word, but it's just as annoying.
-->"You can try to stop the paradise ''we're'' dreaming ''of''"
* {{Acrofatic}}: Tracy. Edna, too--she does a fair amount of fleet-footed dancing in the 2007 version. While John Travolta isn't overweight, he's wearing a lot of foam rubber padding, so his dancing is doubly impressive.
* ActingForTwo: Divine played both Edna Turnblad and Arvin Hodgepile. Waters had to give Glen Milstead a male role because he was getting sick of doing drag for film roles. (Milstead insisted that he wasn't a drag queen in ''Hairspray'' because what drag queen would dare be so ''frumpy''?
* AerosolFlamethrower: Link breaks Tracy out of prison with this method in the stage show
* AlliterativeName: loads: Tracy Turnblad, Penny and Prudy Pingleton, Velma Von Tussle, Corny Collins, Link Larkin, Motormouth Maybelle, Seaweed J. Stubbs.
* AlphaBitch: Amber Von Tussle.
** LovableAlphaBitch: Although she only seems to be like that because her mother holds very high standards to her. In the end, she [[GracefulLoser accepts defeat]] and (in the musical at least) Tracy and the others are happy to invite her to [[HeelFaceTurn join in the final number]].
* AmericanAccents: If you've ever wondered what a Baltimore accent sounds like, just watch either film. Edna has an extremely strong one.
** In fact, several critics wondered why John Travolta was doing such a weird voice when his accent was fairly authentic.
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: [[spoiler:Inez winning Miss Teenage Hairspray]] This only happens in the musical movie, however.
* BeehiveHairdo: And how!
* BetaCouple: Penny and Seaweed.
* BigBeautifulWoman: Tracy is this in spades. Also her mother Edna and Motormouth Maybelle.
* BigFun: Tracy's a rare female example.
* BigEater: Tracy, Maybelle, and Edna all fit this trope to a degree, although it's only portrayed in an unrealistically over-the-top manner in Edna's case.
* BillingDisplacement: It was advertised starring John Travolta (in drag!). Nikki Blonsky gets an "And introducing" after the long list of all the other celebrities "starring" in the movie.
* BlondeBrunetteRedhead: Mentioned in the song "(It's) Hairspray."
* BlondesAreEvil: Velma. Amber is arrogant, but not evil.
* BrainlessBeauty: Link Larkin is a light, male version
* BrokenSmile: [[spoiler:Velma Von Tussle displays a perfect example when the show is finally integrated.]]
** [[spoiler:In the play anyway. In the second movie, she stays pissy throughout, probably due to losing her job.]]
* ButNotTooBlack: Nicely averted, since following the trope would have destroyed the point.
** A lot of people objected to Music/QueenLatifah's casting in the film musical because of this, claiming that she's too light for the role, but she's the most famous plus-sized black actress in Hollywood. And since her skintone is middle-ground, anyone claiming she's too fair is just looking for reasons to complain.
* CaliforniaDoubling: Many of the Baltimore scenes were shot in Toronto.
* TheCameo: The 2007 film features several. John Waters, director of the 1988 film, appears as a flasher, and director Adam Shankman, composer/lyricist Mark Shaiman, co-composer/lyricist Scott Wittman and Ricki Lake (Tracy from the 1988 film) all play talent agents. The associate choreographers also make appearances.
** Not to mention, in the 1988 film, John Waters plays the psychiatrist that hypnotizes/tortures Penny.
** Also in the movie musical, Jerry Stiller, who played Wilbur Turnblad in the original movie, played Mr. Pinky, who ran a plus-sized boutique and wanted Tracy to do commercials for him when she became a hit on the Corny Collins show.
* CastingGag: In the 2007 film, Jerry Stiller plays fashion store owner Mr Pinky. Stiller played Wilbur Turnblad in the original 1988 film. Several other actors from the original and the director appear as well, see "The Cameo".
** BrittanySnow in the 2007 version essentially fulfilled the same role as Tracy in her show ''Series/AmericanDreams'' except she actually danced on AmericanBandstand.
*** Cue some of her other work, where she is the dead opposite of an AlphaBitch.
** Marissa Jaret Winokur, Tracy of the musical, and Allison Janney, Mrs Pingleton of the 2007 film, were both in ''Film/AmericanBeauty'' - but Janney with the larger part.
* TheCastShowoff: Several members of the cast were picked either because their musical talents were largely unknown to the general public (Marsden, Walken, Bynes) or had simply been forgotten about in recent years (Travolta, Pfeiffer)
* CavalierCompetitor: Amber after losing; quickly in the 2007 film, gradually as "You Can't Stop The Beat" goes on in the musical. Also counts as GracefulLoser.
* ChekhovsGun : The large, hollow hairspray canister in the foreground while Corny and Velma are arguing about putting Tracy on the show.
* ChekhovsGunman: Two examples from the 2007 film that are related to each other:
** When Velma switches the Miss Teenage Hairspray votes at the end of the movie, Edna, in disguise, is the only one to see her do it; later, it's Edna who orchestrates the EngineeredPublicConfession described below.
** Early in the movie, Velma harasses a cameraman for not giving Amber enough screen time during the Corny Collins Show. Guess who helps Edna and Wilbur expose Velma's cheating by letting them use his camera?
* CivilRightsMovement: Maybelle and the black dancers' plight.
* ClimacticMusic: "You Can't Stop the Beat", the climactic number that coincides with the climactic dance showdown.
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: Penny, somewhat. Tracy can come off as this too.
* ConspicuousCG: Many of the buildings in the opening shot are CGI recreations, and it's not hard to tell that.
* ContinuityNod: The 2007 film makes several references to scenes from the 1988 movie that don't happen in the new version. During one song montage, Tracy is knocked in the head during dodge ball. One of the nasty rumors Amber tries to start is about Tracy getting put into Special Ed.
* CostumePorn
* CreatorCameo: John Waters as "...the flasher who lives next door."
* CrosscastRole: Edna is always played by a man.
* CurtainClothing: An extremely subtle one: In the film, the dress Penney wears during "You Can't Stop The Beat" is made from the curtains in her room (see "Shout Out" below).
* CutSong: "The New Girl in Town" was cut from the stage musical, but put into the 2007 film. Some songs from the stage version were cut from the film, too.
* DarkHorseVictory: [[spoiler:In the 2007 film, Little Inez's victory in the Miss Teenage Hairspray contest.]]
* DarkReprise: In the Broadway musical, Tracy sings a reprise of "Good Morning Baltimore" after she finds out she won't be granted any bail.
** And while "[[VillainSong Miss Baltimore Crabs]]" was already dark, "Velma's Revenge" is much darker.
* DeadpanSnarker: Corny, big time.
** Penny has her moments as well:
--->'''Maybelle'''(after seeing that Penny and Seaweed were in love): So this is love. Well, love is a gift, but a lot of people don't remember that. So, you two better brace yourselves for a whole lotta ugly comin' at you from a neverending parade of stupid. \\
'''Penny''': So, you met my mom.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance : Many tongue in cheek examples in the 2007 film, particularly during "Welcome to the Sixties." Two pregnant women smoking and drinking martinis, a [[CarloadOfCoolKids carful of children standing up on the seats,]] and so on. Also, the circular pins worn by a couple of the girls, that indicated a girl was a virgin. Brenda was wearing one in the "Just nine months" scene, made even more ironic by the possibility that Corny is the father (look closely, you'll see them arguing in a Funny Background Event).
* DemotedToExtra: Poor Link doesn't get to shine in the 2007 film as much as he did in the stage show.
* DirtyCop: The lead police officer who's working for Velma in the 2007 film.
* TheDogBitesBack: The cameraman who lets the Turnblads use his camera for Velma's EngineeredPublicConfession in the 2007 film is the same one that she had belittled and threatened in the beginning of the movie.
* EngineeredPublicConfession: In the 2007 film, Velma admits to cheating to ensure her daughter the crown, to find out a camera has been on her the whole time.
* FatAndSkinny: Tracy and Penny are a gender inversion.
* FoodPorn: "Big, Blonde, and Beautiful" is this trope in song form. Then we see Maybelle's soul food spread in the movie...
* FourTemperamentEnsemble: Tracy is Sanguine, Penny is Leukine, Link is Choleric, Amber is Melancholic, and Seaweed is Phlegmatic.
* FreudianSlip: Velma von Tussle: "We've got to lead kids in the white direction...I mean...you know what I mean."
* GenkiGirl: Tracy.
* GenreSavvy: In the stage musical, Velma realizes that someone is hiding in the [[spoiler:giant hairspray can and she orders her guards to prevent anyone from touching it]]. It turns out that she is [[spoiler:WrongGenreSavvy because Edna is in the can and Tracy just comes in through the front door while the guards are distracted by guarding the can. It helps that the guards are really Motormouth Maybelle and many of the other black cast members in disguise.]]
* GirlishPigtails: Penny.
* GoodParents: Edna and Wilbur Turnblad to Tracy.
* GracefulLoser: In the second movie, Amber was surprisingly mature about her defeat, indicating CharacterDevelopment.
** She and her mother ''both'' become graceful losers in the stage show as well, after much sulking, they give in and realize that they "can't stop the beat". See HeelFaceTurn below.
* HamToHamCombat: "(You're) Timeless to Me", especially on Broadway where the actors playing Edna and Wilbur seemed to be in a contest over who will corpse first.
* HappilyMarried: Edna and Wilbur
* HeelFaceTurn: Amber and Velma in the musical; just Amber seems to get one in the film (walking out on her mother and getting along with a black dancer), even after the unnecessary HumiliationConga.
* [[HenpeckedHusband Henpecked Boyfriend]]: Link is henpecked by his girlfriend Amber.
* TheHeroDies: Definitely doesn't happen in the musical or the movie, but the final lines of the song "New Girl in Town" imply that the new girl mentioned in the lyrics (Tracy?) was ran over by a moving van and died:
-->Hey, look out for that moving van\\
Look out, look out, look out, look out!\\
[{{Beat}}]\\
[[MoodWhiplash She was the new girl in]]... [[AndThereWasMuchRejoicing to-oo-own]]!
* HistoricalInJoke: When Penny rushes to show the Turnblads Tracy's TV debut, Edna misunderstands and thinks she's trying to show them the footage of John Glenn's space trip. She chastises her, saying "Oh, I've seen it! It's all some studio out in Hollywood. Do they really expect me to believe he's up there?"
** In the stage version, it's "Oh no, don't tell me Khrushchev has his shoes off again!"
* [[HotGuyUglyWife Hot Guy, Average Wife]]
* HumiliationConga: In the 2007 movie, [[spoiler:Amber has Tracy steal her thunder and her boyfriend, gets hoisted above the set, tears her dress and sprains her ankle getting down, and loses her crown to a child on live TV]]. And then she's surprisingly good natured about it in the end, possibly making this a subversion. Played straight with Velma, though, whose humiliation is more thorough and ''not'' taken well.
* ITakeOffenseToThatLastOne:
-->'''Link Larkin:''' I shoulda been there, beside her. I can't sleep. I can't eat...\\
'''Edna Turnblad:''' You can't eat? Well, come on in and worry with us. I'll make you some pork.
** Or, in the stage version,
-->'''Link:''' I couldn't sleep, I couldn't eat, I couldn't even concentrate!\\
'''Tracy:''' You couldn't eat?
* IWantSong: "Good Morning Baltimore" and "I Can Hear The Bells".
* ImplausibleDeniability: Edna refuses to believe that First Lady Jackie Kennedy's hairstyle has anything to do with hairspray.
-->"I believe it is just naturally stiff."
* ImprobableHairstyle
* IndyPloy: Corny Collins isn't responsible for any of the events of the movie, but damned if he isn't ready to use them to his advantage. In the movie, he knows Inez Stubb's name and the very specific clause to let her win, implying that he's been waiting and preparing for any kind of situation for him to push his agenda.
* InformedAbility: Inez's dancing in the 2007 movie. [[spoiler:She's not appreciably better than the rest of the talented cast, yet we're supposed to believe that she alone was impressive enough to win Miss Teen Hairspray after just one (short) dance. It's implied she won because she was the only black contestant (ever) and the whole community voted for her, even though there'd still be alot of racism in the community, making this very improbable.]]
** [[spoiler:Inez's age could may have been a factor. She can hold her own with kids significantly older than her. Plus, she is adorable and people like kids.]]
** [[spoiler: The implication was likely that the entire ''black'' or otherwise POC community, which is very large in Baltimore, voted for her.]]
** [[spoiler: Link also brought her on stage, bringing his popularity in to help her as well.]]
* {{Jerkass}}: Velma Von Tussle in the musical and even more so in it's film adaptation (where she's less LaughablyEvil), and Amber Von Tussle for a good while due to emulating her mother.
** The whole Von Tussle family takes this to ridiculously extreme levels in the original 1988 film. Tracy and (especially) Edna have their moments there too, in stark contrast to the kind people they are in the musical and 2007 film.
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: Corny Collins is very smarmy and egotistical ("The only thing better than Hairspray...that's ''me!''), but his [[ReasonableAuthorityFigure heart is shown to be in the right place]].
* KickTheDog: Almost every scene Velma appears in, though racism lends itself easily to this trope.
* LaserGuidedKarma: Velma Von Tussle get struck by this at the end of the 2007 movie.
* LeanAndMean: "[[VillainSong I never drank one chocolate malt / No desserts for Miss Baltimore Crabs]]..."
** "[[HoneyTrap I bet you're tired of heavy lifting / Get your hands on something small]]."
* TheMakeover: Tracy and Edna get one in "Welcome to the Sixties"; Tracy gets another [[spoiler:when she crashes the beauty contest.]]
** Penny gets one in the finale as well, and Edna [[spoiler:comes out of the Hairspray Can in the musical with clothing she made herself.]]
* MightyWhitey: in the 2007 film, the fact that Tracy, a white high school girl obsessed with dancing who has no real understanding of the sociopolitical scene or the importance of integration - she spends all day at school sleeping and has no knowledge of American history either - comes up with the idea to do a "march" to save the 'Negro Day' TV show while all the black people who have been fighting and striving to make a difference just stand around accepting being forced out from TV, is a little painful. A little white girl with limited social awareness who adopts 'Negro dancing' and leads them to save their show... Please make way for the UnfortunateImplications.
* MorningRoutine: The 2007 movie starts with one. The musical too, but in less detail.
* {{Nice G|uy}}irl: Tracy, of course. Plus Penny too.
* NiceGuy: Link.
* NiceJobBreakingItHero: When Tracy participates at the march and hits a cop on the head with her sign and runs away, it gives Velma a good opportunity to stop Tracy from participating in the pageant by having the same police guard the entrance,[[spoiler: making Tracy and the others devise a plan to sneak into the pageant. If Tracy had been bailed out along with Maybelle, she wouldn't have had to hide from the cops and sneak into the pageant!]]
* NiceJobFixingItVillain: After Amber [[spoiler: loses the Miss Teenage Hairspray Competition, Velma then admits to Amber that she rigged the votes. Edna then informs Velma that her confession was broadcasted on camera, which causes Velma to lose her job.]]
** Playing right into Tracy and friends' plans, Velma forces all the security guards outside despite ample security outside in response to the bait (Wilbur dressed as Tracy), getting them locked out. The guards then beat down the door with a hairspray battering ram with Tracy inside. Once Velma realizes what they've done, they all rush to it, only for all of them to get locked out once again.
* NoCelebritiesWereHarmed: The Dynamites (The Supremes), Corny Collins (Dick Clark)
** Actually, Corny Collins was ''explicitly'' based on [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Buddy_Deane_Show Buddy Deane]].
* NotSoDifferent: Tracy, Penny, and Amber all have radically different personalities, but are the same when it comes to their mother issues, as shown in the "Mama, I'm a big girl now" number.
* OneHeadTaller: Inverted with Penny and Seaweed. She is noticeably taller than him.
** Only in the 2007 movie. In the 1988 movie, Penny is of average height while Seaweed is very tall indeed.
* ParentalHypocrisy: In the 2007 version, Penny's mother, Prudy, forbids Penny from watching the Corny Collins Show, yet Prudy watches the show herself.
* ThePlan: How the main characters get Tracy into the Miss Teenage Hairspray pageant in the end of the stage musical and newer movie.
* PoliticallyIncorrectVillain: Velma Von Tussle is quite blatantly racist in the second movie, where she seems to revel in her own misdeeds. In the first film, she's more of a Lawful Selfish StageMom who's willing to court segregationist attitudes to look respectable.
* PoorCommunicationKills: When Link doesn't want to join in the march for fear of ruining his career.
--> '''Link:''' I'm sorry, Trace. I just think that this adventure's...a little too big or me.
--> '''Tracy:''' *gasps and backs away with a hurt look*
--> '''Link:''' [[ThatCameOutWrong ...oh, God]]. Nonono, that's not what I-
--> '''Tracy:''' I-I get it, Link. It's your shot.
--> '''Link:''' No, Trace! That's not what I-
--> '''Tracy:''' Bye.
* PopularIsDumb: The openly embraced creed of the Nicest Kids in Town:
-->''Who cares about sleep, when you can snooze in school?''\\
''You'll never get to college but you sure look cool!''\\
''Don't need a cap or a gown''\\
''When you're the Nicest Kids in Town!''
* ReasonableAuthorityFigure: Corny Collins, the dance show host, who is very open to bending the rules and doing away with segregation.
* RoseTintedNarrative
* RunningGag: In the first film, the kids run into a beatnik couple, and the woman says she uses a straightening iron to get her hair so silky. This leads to a couple scenes where the girls are using a ''[[LiteralMinded clothing]]'' iron to straighten their hair complete with laying their heads on an ironing board[[note]]the electric flat iron wasn't available commercially to buy until the 1990s, so women in the [[ShownTheirWork sixties did use their clothing iron to straighten their hair]][[/note]].
** This is given a subtle shout-out in the second movie at the end, where Tracy and Penny have straightened their hair for the big show as if out of protest.
* SassyBlackWoman: Motormouth Maybelle, the Dynamites
* SatelliteLoveInterest: Link in the original 1988 film, and to a lesser extent in the 2007 film. Delibarately subverted in the stage musical, where his CharacterDevelopment is about stopping being a shallow tool and doing things for himself.
* SavvyGuyEnergeticGirl: Link and Tracy, Seaweed and Penny.
* ShoutOut: For the 2007 film, director Adam Shankman included several homages to and winks at the films that were his inspiration. The opening shot is a mix of the opening shots for ''Film/WestSideStory'' and ''TheSoundOfMusic''. Penny's dress at the end of the film is made from her curtains, just like the Von Trapp childrens' play clothes that Maria makes out of old curtains in ''The Sound of Music''. Several of Tracy's scenes - such as her ride atop the garbage truck - are taken from the Barbra Streissand film version of ''FunnyGirl''. Link singing to Tracy's photograph, which sings back, is directly inspired from ''The Broadway Melody of 1938'', in which JudyGarland sings to a photo of Clark Gable.
** The stage musical contains a few references to Theatre/{{Gypsy}}. In the beginning, these references were quite timely, as Hairspray premiered on Broadway in the same season as a revival of Gypsy starring Bernadette Peters. By the time Hairspray closed, these references would again become timely, as a new revival starring Patti [=LuPone=] had just started its run.
* SidekickSong: "Run and Tell That" and "Big, Blonde, and Beautiful"
** Depending on whether or not you think of Wilbur and Edna as leads, "Timeless To Me", as well.
* SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan: A {{gender inverted|Trope}} version with Link and Tracy.
** Similarly inverted with Seaweed and Penny
* SmallNameBigEgo: Amber,[[spoiler: at first]] and Velma.
* SmarmyHost: Corny is a borderline example.
* SmugSnake: Velma in the 2007 film.
* StigmaticPregnancyEuphemism: Dancer Brenda must take time off from Corny's show, thus prompting the audition. How long will she be gone? "[[TeenPregnancy Just nine months...]]"
* TakeThat:
-->'''Tracy:''' Where do you go after special ed?\\
'''Everybody:''' Congress!
* TeenPregnancy: The reason The Corny Collins Show needs a new dancer in the first place.
-->'''Corny:''' And speaking of the unexpected, our own fun-loving, freewheeling Brenda will be taking a leave of absence from the show. How long will you be gone, Brenda?
-->'''Brenda:''' ''(giant smile unwavering)'' Just nine months.
-->'''Corny:''' ...So, it seems we have an opening for a girl who's just as fun-loving, [[DeadpanSnarker but maybe not quite as freewheeling.]]
* TheThemeParkVersion: Of TheSixties, particularly the anti-segregation movement. [[TropesAreNotBad Doesn't mean the movie's bad, though]].
* ThemeTwinNaming: Noreen and Doreen (who only appear in the 2007 movie)
* TheyveComeSoFarSong: "I Know Where I've Been," which is about the continuing fight against prejudice as much as it is about the progress of the characters and plot.
** And another song called "Come So Far (Got So Far to Go)" was written for the 2007 film adaptation. However, unlike "I Know Where I've Been," it lacks the narrative significance typically associated with this trope, as it is played over the credits rather than as part of the film.
* TookALevelInKindness: Tracy and Edna could be pretty surly and offputting on several occasions in the original film (Edna in particular due to being played by Divine, the inspiration for [[Disney/TheLittleMermaid Ursula]], and it shows), but are very nice people in the musical.
* UglyHeroGoodLookingVillain: The Turnblads and the Von Tussles, except that Tracey's not exactly ugly.
* VictoriasSecretCompartment: Where Velma hides the official votes when rigging the pagent in the 2007 film.
* VillainSong: In addition to Velma's "Miss Baltimore Crabs" above, Amber gets "Cooties" or "New Girl in Town". The other members of the Corny Collins Show council contribute to all of these, as well.
* WeightWoe: Edna has to work through this.
* WhereDaWhiteWomenAt: Seaweed and Penny.
** Implied with [[spoiler:Amber at the end of the film. She can be seen making eyes at one of the black dancers and then, after walking away from her mother, chit chatting coyly with him in the finale.]]
** Implied nothing. [[spoiler: Check the left side of the second-to-last shot of the movie. Amber can actually be seen jumping into his arms on the dance floor!]]
* WhiteDwarfStarlet: Velma Von Tussle, who never lets anyone forget that she was once [[VillainSong Miss Baltimore Crabs]].
* WhoNamesTheirKidDude: ''Corny? Link?? Seaweed???''
* WoundedGazelleGambit: Velma pulls this when she's trying to hit on Wilbur and Edna walks in.
* WritersCannotDoMath: According to the script, the show begins in "early June" on a Monday and ends on June 6th, 1962. Schools did not run into June in 1962, especially in Baltimore, because there was no air conditioning and it was oppressively hot and humid.
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