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-> ''Gallipoli was the birth of a nation. It was the shattering of a dream for Australia. They had banded together to fight the Hun and died by the thousands in a dirty little trench war.''
--> -- '''Mel Gibson.'''

'''''Gallipoli''''' is a 1981 Australian film set during UsefulNotes/WorldWarI and focuses on the failure that was the [[UsefulNotes/AussiesWithArtillery Gallipoli landings.]] Well, there's a bit more to it than that. The film completely avoids glorifying war by showing how boring it can be - from slow moving training, to months at sea, to the endless waiting before battle.

The movie follows a young man, Archy (Mark Lee) with an incredible talent for running who lives in the outback. He dreams of going off to the city or joining the army to fight in a far off country. But he's too young and his parents and running coach say no. Archy heads off to an athletics carnival where he beats another man - Frank Dunne (Creator/MelGibson) - and they become friends. After a bit of dilly-dallying and good old fashioned Aussie fun, they decide to go down to the city where no one knows them, and enlist in the army. They hop a freight train but get kicked off and have to walk across the desert, which nearly kills them.

Archy and Frank get accepted into the army, but Archy is accepted into the Light Horse Brigade (due to his bitching riding skills) and Frank becomes an infantry man. They are sent to Egypt on separate troopships but meet up again in Cairo. They spend a few months training, having sex education classes, frequenting brothels and stealing from market stalls.

Frank transfers into the Light Horse Brigade, as they're being sent to Gallipoli in Turkey, where they don't need horses. They arrive at Anzac Cove and for the next few days experience the boredom that is trench warfare. They hear about other injured infantrymen who are slaughtered at the Battle of Lone Pine and work as runners for the higher-ups, carrying messages from the British generals to the Australian leaders when the phone lines are down. Which is often.

Archy and Frank's platoon is ordered to take part in the Charge of the Nek, which is to distract the Turks from the British landing at nearby Suvla Bay. However, Archy is asked to run a message for their commander, but he asks Frank to do it. And off Frank runs, along the many miles to the British command.

The plan is that the 8th and 10th Light Horse Brigades will charge in three waves, over land held by Turkish Machine Gunners, Archy being in the last wave of men. The first wave will be at 4.30 AM, after the Brits bombard the Turks to give the Australians the best possible chance of making it across. The Commanders [[ForWantOfANail watches are unsynchronized]] and the bombardment ends far too early. The first wave is ordered to go over the top with the Turk gunners ready and waiting for them. They're cut down and the second wave goes over the top, barely making it 10 metres. Meanwhile, Frank is told that they've rethought the attack, but the phone lines are down and there is no way for them to tell the Australians to stop. So he must run all the way back to the trenches and stop the third wave.

The Australian commander is also rethinking the attack but has his previous orders to push on. Archy and his friends pin their medals, photos, letters and diaries to the trench wall, gather their rifles and prepare to run to their death. The order comes and they go over the top, Frank arriving just after they run out into No Mans Land, where he lets out a scream of anguish.

The film ends with Archy losing his rifle and running as hard as he can toward the Turkish trenches, until he is shot in the chest. Roll credits.
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!!This film provides examples of:

* ArtisticLicenseHistory:
** Archy got into the Light Horse without having any horses. In fact you had to bring your own.
** The movie's treatment of the British contingent as lazy and incompetent. The reverse is true:
*** The attack on the Nek was a diversion for the Kiwi landing at Sair Bair, not the British landing at Sulva.
*** Thus, the British were not drinking tea on the beach whilst the Australians died for them - in fact, the British sent two companies of Royal Welsh Fusiliers (whom they could ill-afford to lose) to help when they heard the attack had stalled. These Welshmen suffered very heavy losses trying to support the Aussie attack. During the whole campaign, the British 29th Division ("the Incomparables") suffered 34,000 dead, the highest of any single unit at Gallipoli, and earned 12 Victoria Crosses. Although this was the belief in Australia at the time.
*** There was very little British command and control at the Nek - it was primarily the incompetence of two Australian officers, Brigadier Hughes and Colonel Antill, that caused the heavy losses. While the film's fictional Colonel Robinson is indeed wearing an Australian uniform, this detail may be lost on foreign viewers.
* CannonFodder: The Australian soldiers are slaugtered almost to the last man, within fifteen yards of going over the top of their trench.
* ChildSoldiers: Archy is underage, and there were many boys at Gallipoli all signing up for the "glory" of it. One was 14 and died a week after he arrived.
* CityMouse: Frank is from Melbourne and thus hopeless on a horse. He is bounced from the Australian Light Horse when he can't even get his to move, but he joins back up after the Light Horse leaves their horses behind.
* CreatorCameo: Screenwriter David Williamson is tackled during the rugby game the soldiers play in Egypt.
* DefeatMeansFriendship: After Frank loses a 100-yard-dash to Archy, as well as the twenty quid he bet on himself, they become friends.
* DoomedByCanon: For Australians. American audiences were reportedly surprised Archy didn't survive.
* DownerEnding: Frank howls in anguish after realizing he's too late. The film ends on a freeze frame of Archy being cut down by machine gun fire.
* {{Fanservice}}: Naked young Mel Gibson! Ruined by an artillery bombardment, but still.
* FatalFamilyPhoto: Soldiers are pulling out photos of their loved ones before the final attack. Subverted in that they all know perfectly well that they're going to die.
* ForWantOfANail: Because two watches were a few minutes apart, Archy and hundreds of young men just like him are shot.
* HighClassGlass: A British officer on horseback wears one. The Australians mock him.
* ImpededMessenger: Major plot point. Just as the soldiers are about to go over the top to attack the Turks in a futile attempt to gain ground, the order is rescinded. Frank can't quite make it back in time to save his friends from annihilation.
* MeaningfulEcho: "What are your legs? Springs. Steel springs. What are they going to do? Hurl me down the track. How fast can you run? As fast as a leopard. How fast are you going to run? As fast as a leopard. Then let's see you do it!"
* MoodShift: A SmashCut from the bright lights and cheerful music of an officers' dance in Cairo, to pitch black darkness as landing craft carry the Australians to the beach at ANZAC Cove.
* OneLastSmoke: The soldiers about to go over the top start lighting up.
* OneSidedBattle: Once the Turks return to their trenches, due to the mis-timed bombardment, the whole attack is doomed. Three waves of Australians are each cut down as soon as they go over the top.
* PatrioticFervor: As happens all too often, used to convince young men to go off and die in war.
** One scene lampshades this, with Frank chuckling about how because Britain is at war with Germany the Australians have to go fight in Turkey
* RagtagBunchOfMisfits: The soldiers.
* ShootTheShaggyDog: The whole story. In real life, the whole mission. There really was no point, tactically or to 'win hearts and minds.'
* ThirstyDesert: Frank and Archy cross fifty miles of Australian desert in order to make it to a town.
* UnusualEuphemism: An officer warns the men about diseases they might catch from "horizontal refreshment" when they are on liberty in Cairo.
* WarIsHell: With a large helping of War Is Boring, too.
* ZergRush: Not a lot of strategy in the charges that end the film.

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