-> “Everything can happen. Everything is possible and probable. Time and space do not exist. On a flimsy framework of reality, the imagination spins, weaving new patterns.”

''Fanny and Alexander'' is a 1982 film by Creator/IngmarBergman. The story centers around the filthy rich Ekhdahl family in Sweden, from 1907 to 1909. Matriarch Helena Ekhdahl is a widow who has maintained a long-term affair with Jewish shopkeeper Isak Jacobi. Helena's son Carl is unhappily married and deeply in debt. Her son Gustav is happily married to Alma, despite the fact that he's also having an affair with Maj the maid and everyone knows it. Helena's son Oscar has the simplest home life, married to the lovely Emelie, with two children, Fanny and Alexander (the film is from Alexander's point-of-view). Unfortunately Oscar and Emelie's happiness is cut short when Oscar suddenly dies from a stroke. Emelie winds up marrying the local Protestant bishop, Edvard Vergerus--a marriage that both she and her children quickly regret.

''Fanny and Alexander'' was the last theatrical film of Bergman's career, although he wrote and directed for television for another 20 years. In fact, it was originally conceived as a television miniseries, and exists as both a 188-minute theatrical cut (the first to be released) and a 312-minute television cut. It is commonly regarded as one of his masterpieces.


* AllThereInTheManual: Or rather, all there in the television cut. In the theatrical version, it's not clear if Alexander is making up the story of seeing the ghosts of Edvard's wife and children. The television version includes a scene where the ghosts of the mother and daughters appear and yell at Alexander for making things up.
* BetaCouple: Several. The affair between Gustav and Maj is the primary subplot (played for laughs), while Carl and Alma's marriage is the secondary (tragic) one. Helena and Isak is a background couple.
* BigFancyHouse: The Ekhdahls live in an absurdly ornate mansion filled with fancy furniture, art, and statuary. If SceneryPorn is possible in an indoor drama, this is it.
* BitchInSheepsClothing: Bishop Vergerus, a pillar of his community--he's the bishop, for cripes's sake--is revealed to be a cruel, domineering sadist. He locks the kids up in their room, viciously canes Alexander, and apparently was indirectly responsible for the death of his first wife and children, when they drowned in the river while trying to escape his tyranny.
* ChildishPillowFight: Played straight, with Fanny, Alexander, some other kids, and the maid engage in a standard pillow fight on Christmas, including feathers from exploding pillows.
* CrossCastRole: For no obvious reason, but possibly to make the character even more creepy, the role of Mr. Jacobi's disturbed young son Ismael is played by a woman.
* FartsOnFire: Averted. All Carl does when he farts at a candelabra is put out the candles.
* GoodCopBadCop: Carl and Gustav when negotiating with to the bishop. [[spoiler: It doesn't work.]]
* GreedyJew: Deconstructed with Isak, to the point of being a StereotypeFlip. Though outwardly he has all of the classical attributes he is not portrayed as greedy or selfish, however it is clear that most of the ''other'' characters see him this way. The sequence where he saves the children from the bishops house shows that he usually plays along with it to confuse his opponents.
* GrayRainOfDepression: Opens the second part, as Emilie in her children are trapped in the grim Vergerus home while Helena sits at home alone, depressed.
* GuessWhoImMarrying: Bishop Vergerus practically radiates "evil" from his first scene, in which he grills Alexander about the fanciful stories Alexander tells at school. This trope is played with, however, in that their mother realizes pretty quickly what a monster she married, and the kids do not save themselves (they are spirited out in a trunk by Mr. Jacobi).
* HollywoodAtheist: The children suffer quite a bit in Bishop Vergerus's prison-like home. After they finally escape, Alexander muses "If there is a god, then he's a shit, and I'd like to kick him in the butt."
* {{Intermission}}: "''Fanny and Alexander'' will continue in a moment."
* MagicRealism: Mostly a realistic setting, but with fairy-tale aspects. Alexander sees a statue move, and sees ghosts. A mummy somehow breathes. Mr. Jacobi casts a spell to make images of Fanny and Alexander appear when smuggling them out of the Vergerus home. Mr. Jacobi's disturbed son Ismael seems to bring about the death of Edvard and his aunt by some sort of psychic link, with the events transpiring in RealLife just as Ismael describes them to Alexander.
* ManOnFire: Edvard's aunt after she knocks over an oil lamp.
* MatchCut: From a shot of the weird breathing mummy in Aron Jacobi's puppet show turning his head, to Edvard's creepy bedridden aunt turning her head in the exact same way.
* MathematiciansAnswer: Alexander tries this when being grilled by Bishop Vergerus.
--> '''Edvard''': Can you explain to me why one lies?\\
'''Alexander''': Because you don't want to tell the truth.
* TheMistress: Maj is this to Gustav. Alma is perfectly OK with it, even going so far as to have a pleasant conversation with Gustav and Helena about what to do with Maj after Gustav knocks her up.
* NameAndName: Although somewhat of an odd example of this trope, since the whole film is from Alexander's point of view and his sister Fanny is insignificant.
* OurGhostsAreDifferent: They seem content to just hang around. Oscar's ghost appears periodically in the Ekhdahl mansion, and talks to both his mother and his son. Edvard's ghost appears at the end, knocks Alexander down, and promises to haunt him.
* SinisterMinister: Emilie's alarm bells do not go off when Edvard demands that she and the children rid themselves of '''all''' their possessions before coming to his household. Sure enough, Edvard is a monstrous sadist whose home is very much like a prison, complete with bars on the windows, and solitary confinement in the attic for Alexander after Edvard beats him.
* SlippingAMickey: How Emilie escapes Edvard's house, by dumping some sleeping pills in his drink.
* TableSpace: Used for a gag. As the extended Ekhdahl clan is having dinner, Helena beckons to a maid and says "Tell the children they may leave the table. The maid then walks down the long, long table to a second maid, and delivers the message. That maid then walks down to a ''third'' maid, who goes to the other end of the table (which may be in Finland) and tells Fanny and Alexander they may leave.
* ATasteOfTheLash: Edvard canes Alexander after Alexander makes up that story about seeing the ghosts of Edvard's first family.
* WeddingDay: An appropriately ominous one between Edvard and Emilie right before intermission.
* YourCheatingHeart: Gustav with Maj, although it doesn't seem like it should count when your wife is giving the thumbs up.