''Enemy at the Gates'' (also known as ''Stalingrad: Enemy at the Gates'') is a 2001 war movie directed by Jean-Jacques Annaud and starring Jude Law as a Russian sniper in the [[UsefulNotes/RedsWithRockets Soviet Red Army]] in the [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII Great Patriotic War]], during the battle of Stalingrad. At the time it came out it was the most expensive film ever produced by an European studio. It's VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory, that of the real-life sniper [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vasily_Zaytsev Vasily Zaytsev]], with the basic plot based off a subplot in the non-fiction book ''Enemy at the Gates: The Battle for Stalingrad''.

In the movie, Zaytsev (Law) is a young, slightly naive shepherd from the Urals press-ganged into serving in the Battle of Stalingrad during the German invasion of the South of Soviet Union in 1942. He barely manages to survive a futile charge at the German positions and encounters a political commissar, Danilov (Creator/JosephFiennes), who witnesses him expertly take out five enemy officers single-handedly with just an abandoned rifle and five bullets. Impressed by the young man's gifted marksmanship, Danilov has him reassigned to the sniper division and uses his propaganda connections to spread the story of his exploits, turning him into a hero and restoring the broken morale of the Soviet defenders. Unfortunately, the friendship between the two becomes strained when both fall in love with Tania (Creator/RachelWeisz), a beautiful young woman who crosses the paths of both, and when the Germans, themselves now increasingly demoralized thanks to the stories of Zaytsev's exploits, introduce the cold, ruthless Major König (Creator/EdHarris) into the battle. Himself a brilliant sniper, König has only one order -- kill Vasily Zaytsev.

!!This film provides examples of:

%%* AdaptationalAttractiveness
* AdaptationExpansion: The book the movie is based off of is a non-fiction book chronicling the entire Battle of Stalingrad. Although Tania and Zaytsev do appear in the book (the former much more so than the latter), the movie's plot is based on a brief segment less than three pages long.
%%* AffablyEvil: Major Erwin König, especially when dealing with Sacha.
* AntiVillain: Major König. He's hunting down Vasily and killing his friends, but he's involved in a brutal war which naturally requires him to kill, doesn't engage in atrocities himself [[spoiler:until he hangs Sacha, and that's for being a spy]], disapproves of torture as shown when he's told of Volodya's capture, and has only come to Stalingrad to avenge the death of his son.
* AnyoneCanDie: Not surprising, considering it's war and based somewhat on events that happened. [[spoiler: A number of supporting characters, including Sacha, are killed by König]].
* AristocratsAreEvil: Sort of. König is a Nazi, but at first he's less evil than cold and ruthless in pursuing his task, and his motivation is not personal glory but revenge for the death of his son in the very first days of the battle. Up until [[spoiler:he hangs Sacha]], he comes off as just a guy doing a job, and he does try to avoid unnecessary evil acts: [[spoiler:he knows the whole time that Sacha's selling him out to Vasili, but he tells the kid to stay home where he belongs (and thus out of the way), implying he'd rather not kill him. It just doesn't stop him when Sacha doesn't listen.]]
* BasedOnAGreatBigLie: Law and Weisz played real people but both Major König and the main plot (German sniper sent to Stalingrad specifically to get Zaytsev) are now believed to be inventions of Soviet wartime propagandists. This isn't that surprising, really, since a Soviet propagandist is one of the main characters.
** It's also debatable as to how great a sniper the real Zaystev actually was. As shown in the movie, the Soviet propaganda machine worked overtime to build him up to a god like status.
* BattleCouple: Two of the snipers working with Zaytsev early in the film. [[WarIsHell They both die soon after being introduced.]]
** Tanya and Vasily themselves become this later on. This is especially evident during one encounter with Major Konig, as she manages to help him defeat the Major (non-lethally).
* BeautyIsNeverTarnished: Averted. Tania and the other women soldiers are just as filthy and unkempt as the men.
* BetterToDieThanBeKilled: The "Disgraced Officer" version was done in this film. Khruschev is brought into Stalingrad to replace the General who had commanded Soviet forces in their initial disastrous counter-attack against the Germans. Khruschev hands him a pistol and asks "Perhaps you'd prefer to cut through the red tape?" He leaves the office, we hear a gunshot, and then Khruschev introduces himself as the new commander.
* BoomHeadshot: The preferred method of killing by both Zaytsev and Konig. Practically all of their kills on-screen have them shot in the head, one way or another.
* CacophonyCoverUp: Used straight in Vasily Zaytzev's EstablishingCharacterMoment where he dispatches five Germans with five shots purposefully timed to coincide with artillery explosions.
%%* CannedOrdersOverLoudspeaker: Used during the battle of Stalingrad by the Red Army as a means to bolster morale.
* {{Chickification}}: In the book, Tania is a borderline SociopathicSoldier with a mild infatuation with Zaitsev. In the movie, she's a lovesick DamselInDistress and love interest who occasionally is implied to do some soldiering.
* ChildrenAreInnocent: Not quite. Sacha [[spoiler:feeds Vasili all the information he gets out of König, and gives König slightly inaccurate intel on Vasili, but seems to have no idea just how dangerous a situation he's got himself into and volunteered to be a spy because he hero-worships Vasili.]] Given that the kid's grown up in a war zone and has presumably lost his father to the war, his relative lack of innocence is understandable.
* ChummyCommies: The Soviet Russians are [[VillainProtagonist Villain Protagonists]] of a sort, and it's sorta okay to cheer for them because they're battling the just as despicable Nazi Germany, who are invading their homeland. The film even [[ButNotTooForeign demystifies Russians for Western audiences by having British actors portray them]]. However, it still points out the problems with the Soviet Union.
* ColdSniper: {{Averted}}. Vasily is most certainly not cold and unemotional. {{Played straight}} with Major König.
* DeathByAdaptation: You wouldn't believe Kulikov is anything more than a MauveShirt, but in fact he is the first person to contribute to the "Zaitsev versus Elite German Sniper" story and lived well past the war.
* DemotedToExtra: In the book, Tania is the main "character" of the subplot the movie is based on (the real-life Tania was the one interviewed for the book, after all), with Zatsev serving as her mentor; the movie focuses entirely on Zeytsev, and demotes Tania to a supporting character. General Paulus is arguably ''the'' main character of the book (being the German commander and all), but only has a few seconds of screen time.
* DiesWideOpen: Tania has an OhCrap moment when she sees a German soldier staring at her, until a doctor pulls a blanket over the man's eyes.
* FaceDeathWithDignity: [[spoiler:When König realizes at the end that he fell into a trap and Vasily has his sights locked on him, he doesn't panic or try to fight it with a futile attempt to dodge it. He just surrenders to the notion, drops his gun, and looks at Vasily before he shoots him.]]
* FriendlySniper: Jude Law's portrayal of Soviet sniper Vasily Zaitsev. He's pretty affable and chatty towards fellow soldiers and civilians alike. [[ColdSniper On the battlefield, however...]]
%%* GoodIsNotNice
* GreyAndGrayMorality: The factions are pretty brutal, but the morality of the main characters edges more towards this. They're mostly just duty-bound soldiers trying to survive a war or to avenge/protect loved ones, even when they do bad things. Also, neither Vasily or König ever demonstrate any real conviction in respectively Stalinist or National-Socialist ideology.
* HeroicSuicide: In the middle of a sniper stalemate in between main protagonist Vasily and the German ColdSniper, Vasily's friend-slash-sentimental-rival, quite jealous that the LoveInterest (now presumed dead) has chosen Vasily over him and disillusioned with the communist cause, [[spoiler:exposes himself to the enemy's field of fire as a final act of friendship and gets a bullet in the head as a result; this allows Vasily to pinpoint the bad guy's position and kill him]].
--> '''Danilov''': I want to help you, Vassili. Let me do one last thing, something useful for a change.[[spoiler: ''(Takes off his helmet)'' Let me show you where the Major is]].
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Zaytsev is portrayed as the epitome of the freedom fighter, a peasant pressed into the military at its darkest hour. In RealLife, he had been an experienced hunter, had some education and had previously been a technical clerk in the Soviet Navy in the Pacific Fleet, though he was eventually transferred to the army as a senior warrant officer in 1942.
* IcyBlueEyes: König. Annaud said in the commentary that a big part of why he cast Ed Harris was because of his icy, unusually blue eyes.
* IdealizedSex: {{Averted}}. There's a realistically awkward sex scene between the main protagonist and the love interest. It's awkward because they do it in the subways below Stalingrad, surrounded by sleeping people because it's being used as a bomb shelter, and so they have to try to not wake anybody up and don't have much room for themselves. So they just kinda roll over each other, try to take pull down each others' pants and get his penis into her without waking up a guy sleeping a foot away.
* ImprobableAimingSkills: Although it's justified in that the whole movie is about two exceptional snipers. The [[ColdSniper German major]] in particular has some insane skills, including the ability to ''shoot through a piece of string'' the hero is trying to use to retrieve his out-of-reach rifle.
* InnocentBlueEyes: Vasili also has blue eyes, but his are the innocent, good-guy variety.
* ItsPersonal: König's entire reason for going out to Russia to hunt Vasili. His [[spoiler:son]] had died in Stalingrad early on in the war, and König wants revenge.
* LeaveBehindAPistol
--> '''Khrushchev:''' "I have to report to [[UsefulNotes/JosefStalin The Boss]]. Shall we cut through the red tape?"
* MoeGreeneSpecial: [[spoiler: Vasily finally kills König by shooting him straight through his right eye.]]
* TheModestOrgasm: [[JustifiedTrope Justified]] as Vasily and Tania are trying not to wake up the soldiers sleeping all around them as they have sex.
* MortonsFork: "Here the men's only choices are between German bullets and ours."
* NaziNobleman: {{Subverted}} in that, while König ''is'' an aristocrat, he's just in it because he wants revenge for his son, who was killed in the first days of the battle.
* NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent: The director justifies this in the commentary track by invoking a variant of the TranslationConvention; since there are many, many different regional accents in both Russian and German, it's reasonable that a Ural Mountains boy sounds like Jude Law. Ed Harris at least muted his New Jersey accent, which would have been glaringly out-of-place.
* OfficerAndAGentleman: König, insofar as it's possible to be in Stalingrad. He's unfailingly polite (which gets downright creepy in his last scenes with [[spoiler:Sacha, telling the kid he doesn't blame him for being a spy on behalf of his country. This just before he hangs the boy to draw out Vasily).]] And, as Rex Reed said, he seems to be the only character in the entire movie who has access to a bar of soap.
* OhCrap: The last two Germans Vasily kills certainly get one when they realize that in the span of less then thirty seconds, three of their comrades were killed, and they had little idea where the shots came from. The final one definitely qualifies when he realized his weapon was not within arms reach (something that EVERY army from UsefulNotes/WW1 on drills into its soldiers from the moment they start training-NEVER leave your weapon where you can not quickly grab it, and use it).
* OnlyAFleshWound: Zaitsev shoots König at the base of the index finger of his left hand with a 7.62mm rifle from less than 100 meters. We see a little splotch of blood, and König spends the rest of the movie with his hand wrapped in gauze. In reality, a shot from a rifle of that caliber at a range that close would have taken his index finger off, and very likely the middle finger with it.
* TheOnlyOneAllowedToDefeatYou:
--> '''Konig:''' ''(regarding Vasily)'' He's not dead. And do you know why? Because I haven't killed him yet.
* PetTheDog: Konig tells Sascha to stay home, so he won't have to kill him for being a spy. [[spoiler: Sascha doesn't listen, and Konig [[KickTheDog kills him and hangs him out for bait.]]]]
* PlayingPossum: {{Played straight}} with two characters both pretending to be dead in order to eliminate a German officer. On the other hand, the German soldiers were bayoneting corpses just in case.
* ThePoliticalOfficer: Several political officers are seen [[WeHaveReserves shooting anyone attempting to retreat]].[[note]] This is actually TruthInTelevision as Stalin made it very clear that no retreat of any kind was allowed and specifically ordered the NKVD (predecessor of the KGB) to shoot anyone who retreated.[[/note]] The deuteragonist Danilov is a reasonably nice person, though.
* PrettyLittleHeadshots: There is no way that German or Soviet rifles of those calibers would create a small hole in someone's head and nothing more.
* PropagandaHero: Vassily's backstory and [[FriendlySniper natural talent]] are eagerly exploited by the Russian war department, who are desperate for a way to boost morale.
* PunctuatedForEmphasis: Krushchev wants his soldiers to "Stop! [[BringMyBrownPants Shitting! Their Pants!]]"
* RealityIsUnrealistic: Many critics loudly protested the presence of a love story between Jude Law and Creator/RachelWeisz in the movie, which they felt was [[RomanticPlotTumor an unnecessary 'Hollywood' addition]] to the gritty sniper duel action. Ironically, the love story actually happened while the sniper duel did not.
* RedemptionEqualsDeath: [[spoiler: Danilov exposes himself to draw out König, as one final act of friendship towards Vasily, after trying to destroy his image with the Soviets]].
* RightThroughHisPants: There's an extremely awkward sex scene where the only flesh shown is a brief shot of the woman's butt as she pulls her pants down. All other clothing stays on. This one is justified, since they were in the midst of an army camp in Russia and were trying not to attract any attention, and it was ''cold''.
* ScrewTheWarWerePartying: The Russian soldiers party because they're happy they're alive for another day and may be dead tomorrow.
%%* SniperDuel: What the plot and center of the action is.
* SpreadingDisasterMapGraphic: The film opens with a graphic showing the German conquest of Europe, ending as the wave of advance gets to Stalingrad. Curiously, they show Nazi Germany [[ArtisticLicenseHistory starting out with its mid-war borders]] and invading their allies (Italy, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria[[note]]Those first two did happen historically later on, but that's not what they're showing[[/note]]) and several neutral countries (Switzerland, Spain, Turkey) as well. This might be handwaved though if you simply think of the expanding boundary as Germany's "Influence" rather then its actual military conquest, which it did indeed gain over its allies and even the neutrals, as Spain, Turkey, and arguably even Switzerland were at least sympathetic to the Axis cause.
* TakeAThirdOption: "Give them hope. Here the men's only choices are between German bullets and ours. But there is another way - a way of courage. [[MyCountryRightOrWrong A way of love of the Motherland]]".
* TastesLikeFriendship: {{Subverted}}, where the German ColdSniper was paying a child spy in Chocolate bars (to be fair to the kid, it was ''German'' Chocolate.) [[spoiler: The kid was actually a DoubleAgent, working with the Soviets to feed false information to the German sniper to try and put him in TheHero's scope. [[TearJerker It ends badly for him.]]]]
** The really harsh part is that Konig ''knew'' Sasha [[spoiler:was a double agent]] the entire time. Vasili's smart enough to realize he would, and that sooner or later it was going to end badly: it's why he blows up at Danilov for encouraging the kid.
%%* ThoseWackyNazis
* TranslationConvention: The Soviets tend to speak in British English and the Germans tend to speak in American English. Tania was actually from America and would be even less likely to speak British English.
* TruthInTelevision: While the opening scene is over the top, the Soviets did have to ship men and material over the river while subjected to heavy air and artillery fire. The Germans came close to taking the western bank of the river, and the Soviets poured in men and material into the vicious urban combat to keep the Germans in place while they prepared their counter-offensive.
* UrbanWarfare: The film is set during the battle of Stalingrad, with the main characters fighting through the bombed out ruins of the city.
* TheUriahGambit: When Danilov makes a point to put Vasily on the front lines during the German offensive.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Besides the Based On A Great Big Lie main plot, other liberties were taken.
** The film makes a common error in the Western view of the Battle of Stalingrad, and even the whole war (perhaps in large part because of this movie)--the worst equipped units in the Red Army, including those in Stalingrad, did not lack ''rifles'' but the ''ammunition'' for them. This becomes pretty obvious in hindsight, once you consider the logistical nightmare of war in general, and the fact that the Soviet Union, following the German invasion, was practically swimming in guns.
** The real-life Tania was wounded and was separated from Zaytsev. She later found out (correctly) that he had been injured by a landmine, and that (incorrectly) he had died of his wounds. She only discovered that Zaytsev had survived and married someone else when she was interviewed by the book's author. The news devastated her, for she never married and still loved Zaytsev. In a sickeningly ironic twist, Tania had also been wounded by a landmine on an assassination mission, and Zaytsev was told that she had died. Since the author never interviewed him, it's likely that he never found out unless he read the book.
** Zaystev is the only character who's portrayal matches the more accurate ones documented in the book; Tania is portrayed as a slightly sociopathic ColdSniper, König is not seeking revenge (and likely didn't exist), and several other characters from the movie weren't real.
** The film takes considerable liberties with future First Secretary Nikita Khrushchev's role at Stalingrad.
** Vasily's rank is given as private in the film, whereas the real Vasily was a navy Chief who was given the rank of Senior Warrant Officer upon transfer to the army.
** The snow in the mouth trick from Vasily's backstory is cribbed from UsefulNotes/SimoHayha's backstory.
* WarIsGlorious: "We must publish the army newspaper again and tell magnificent stories - stories that exalt sacrifice, bravery. We must make them believe in a victory. We must give them hope, pride, a desire to fight. Yes, we need to make examples, but examples to follow. What we need are heroes."
* WarIsHell: Despite the above quote by Danilov and pals. After all, it's the [[SceneryGorn freaking Battle of Stalingrad]]...
* WorkingClassHero: Played straight with Vasily and invoked by Danilov and the Soviet propaganda machine. Vasily honestly wants nothing more than to work in a factory, being a foreman.
* YouHaveFailedMe: Khrushchev: "I have to report you to the boss. Perhaps you'd prefer to cut out the red tape?" In this case, this is done [[GoodIsNotNice by the good guys]], as DeliberateValuesDissonance.
* YouHaveOutlivedYourUsefulness:
** Subverted. [[spoiler:Commissar Danilov has a report written on Zaitsev's disloyalty, defeatist statements and disillusionment with the Communist cause, but Zaitsev survives and becomes a war hero.]]
** Played straight when Khrushchev hands a gun to an officer that has [[YouHaveFailedMe failed]] to achieve a mission.
** Also played straight in one early scene where poorly equipped Soviet soldiers are ordered to rush towards a German line. Their assault fails, and the ones who attempt to retreat back are then cut down by their own forces due to Stalin's infamous "Not one step back!" [[https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Order_No._227 Order 227.]]