''Cocaine Cowboys'' is a 2006 documentary about the rise of the illegal cocaine trade in Miami, Florida and the resultant crime epidemic during the 1970s and 80s. The movie chronicles the development of the illegal drug trade in Miami during the 70s and 80s, focusing on the immense and easy riches as well as the resulting gangland violence and bloodshed. The story is told primarily from the perspectives of Jon Roberts and Micky Munday, who helped transport cocaine for the Medellin Cartel as well as Jorge "Rivi" Ayala, the main enforcer for notorious Cartel drug lord Griselda Blanco AKA "The Godmother".

The 2008 sequel InNameOnly, ''Cocaine Cowboys II: Hustlin' with the Godmother'', documented the relationship between Oakland crack dealer Charles Cosby and Griselda Blanco against a backdrop of the early 90s crack cocaine scene. The second film is smaller in scope, dealing primarily with Cosby and Blanco's relationship as opposed to the first film's assorted cast of characters.

A HBO TV series and feature film based on the first documentary are reportedly in development (see RecycledTheSeries).

!!Provides Examples Of:

* AffablyEvil: Roberts, Munday and even Rivi.
* CorruptCop: Police corruption was endemic, to the point that an ''entire academy year'' of the Miami PD ended up dead or in jail over drug-related corruption.
* DamnItFeelsGoodToBeAGangster: Played straight for most of the first film, until it all falls apart.
* DoNotDoThisCoolThing: Both movies spend a good deal of time showcasing the considerable amounts of money, power and notoriety that drug dealing brings. They even get [[MiamiVice Jan Hammer]] to do the first film's score for that extra coat of gloss.
* TheDragon: Rivi, hitman and enforcer for Blanco.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: In the first film, Rivi and his men had just successfully carried out a hit on a man who failed to pay Blanco when Rivi learns that Blanco had promised his men a bonus for [[KickTheDog killing the wife and kids as well]]. Even though his men had already shot the wife, Rivi ''ordered his own men out of the house at gunpoint'' to stop them from killing the children. Additionally, the accidental death of a rival dealer's son during a drive-by shooting is one of the only killings for which Rivi shows any apparent regret.
* EveryManHasHisPrice: Discussed by Roberts to show the corrupting effect of drug money on businesses and police.
* {{Gorn}}: The first film has quite a few explicit shots of dead men killed as a result of the drug wars.
* InfantImmortality: Zigzagged in the first film. Averted with the son of Chucho, a drug dealer who had disrespected Blanco's son, Michael Corleone Blanco, but played straight when Rivi orders his men to spare another target's children (see EvenEvilHasStandards). Averted in the second with a memorial wall showing the many young deaths from drug gang violence.
* {{Irony}}: A moment of situational irony occurred when a South Florida preacher's sermon on the evils of drugs was interrupted by half a million dollars worth of cocaine crashing through the church roof.
* KarmaHoudini: Zig zagged in the first film. Averted in that at the time of filming, almost all of the criminals featured were either dead, in jail or had been released from jail. Zig zagged with Griselda Blanco, who managed to keep her cocaine business going despite being arrested in 1985 (an additional case that was made against her became a subplot in the sequel), was released from jail and deported in 2004 and eventually gunned down in Columbia in 2012. Subverted with Max Mermelstein, who escaped prosecution by informing on the Cartel and who ended up living in witness protection under an assumed name until his eventual death from liver, lung, and bone cancer in 2008. Played straight in the second film with Cosby.
* KnowWhenToFoldEm: Cosby directly credits this for his survival at the end of the sequel.
* [[ManOfWealthAndTaste Woman Of Wealth and Taste]]: Griselda Blanco.
* PragmaticVillainy: Discussed by Roberts as a major difference between Colombian and Italian organised crime - the Colombians would kill someone if they didn't get paid, whereas the Italians felt that it was easier to get their money back from a living person.
* RecycledTheSeries: A TV series loosely based on the first film has been is [[http://www.slashfilm.com/michelle-ashford-write-hbo-drama-cocaine-cowboys-produced-jerry-bruckheimer-michael-bay/ currently in development for HBO]] with JerryBruckheimer and Creator/MichaelBay producing and a pilot script from [[ThePacific Pacific]] writer Michelle Ashford. A film based on the documentary is also in development with [[Film/ThreeKings David O. Russell]] as the current director.
* TheStoolPigeon: Max Mermelstein becomes a Betrayer Barry after getting busted for possession and taking a PleaBargain. His testimony helped put Roberts & Munday away and effectively crippled the Medellin cartel's Miami operation.
* TitleDrop: In the first film, the title is used to describe the gunmen from rival gangs shooting each other on the streets.
* [[VillainProtagonist Villain Protagonists]]: Roberts, Munday and Rivi in the first film. Cosby in the sequel.
* WitnessProtection: Max Mermelstein (see KarmaHoudini).
* WouldntHurtAChild: Rivi refusing to let his men kill a target's children.