''Cocaine Cowboys'' is a 2006 documentary about the rise of the illegal cocaine trade in Miami, Florida and the resultant crime epidemic during the 1970s and 80s. The movie chronicles the development of the illegal drug trade in Miami during the 70s and 80s, focusing on the immense and easy riches as well as the resulting gangland violence and bloodshed. The story is told primarily from the perspectives of Jon Roberts and Micky Munday, who helped transport cocaine for the Medellin Cartel as well as Jorge "Rivi" Ayala, the main enforcer for notorious Cartel drug lord Griselda Blanco AKA "The Godmother".

The 2008 sequel InNameOnly, ''Cocaine Cowboys II: Hustlin' with the Godmother'', documented the relationship between Oakland crack dealer Charles Cosby and Griselda Blanco against a backdrop of the early 90s crack cocaine scene. The second film is smaller in scope, dealing primarily with Cosby and Blanco's relationship as opposed to the first film's assorted cast of characters.

!!Provides Examples Of:

* AffablyEvil: Roberts and even Rivi.
* AxCrazy: Griselda Blanco, who is credited with starting the Miami drug war in the first place. Her violence gets so extreme and senseless that she is alienated from the rest of the Medellín Cartel, who makes multiple attempts on her life and forces her to move to California. By the time she is caught, she is estimated to have been responsible for the deaths of 200 people.
* CorruptCop: Police corruption was endemic, to the point that an ''entire academy year'' of the Miami PD ended up dead or in jail over drug-related corruption.
* DamnItFeelsGoodToBeAGangster: Played straight for most of the first film, until it all falls apart.
* {{Dedication}}: The ''Reloaded'' cut is dedicated to the memory of [[TheCoroner Medical Examiner]] Dr. Joeseph Davis, who died in 2013.
* DepravedBisexual: Griselda Blanco
* TheDragon: Rivi, hitman and main enforcer for Blanco.
* EvenEvilHasStandards: In the first film, Rivi and his men had just successfully carried out a hit on a man who failed to pay Blanco when Rivi learns that she had also promised his men a bonus for [[KickTheDog killing the wife and kids as well]]. Even though his men had already shot the wife, Rivi ''ordered his own men out of the house at gunpoint'' to stop them from killing the children. Additionally, the accidental death of a rival dealer's son during a drive-by shooting is one of the only killings for which Rivi shows any apparent regret.
* EveryManHasHisPrice: Roberts mentions this as proof of the corrupting effect of drug money on businesses and police.
* {{Gorn}}: The first film has quite a few explicit shots of dead men killed as a result of the drug wars.
* FreakierThanFiction: In ''2'', the prosecution believes that there's no way that Griselda Blanco will get anything less than a life sentence, and will most likely get a death sentence, as Rivi agreed to testify against her. The problem? A secretary in the Florida State Attorney's office ends up establishing a phone sex relationship with Rivi, compromising any testimony he could give and blowing the prosecution's case open. Fittingly, this segment is called "Beyond Bizarre".
* FromNobodyToNightmare: Griselda Blanco, who grew up poor in Colombia and started her criminal career as a prostitute and pickpocket. She later became a drug lord of the Medellín Cartel, started the Miami drug war and was responsible for up to 200 murders.
** Rivi started his criminal career as a car thief in Chicago and later became a assassin for Griselda.
* InfantImmortality: Zigzagged in the first film. Averted with the son of Chucho, a drug dealer who had disrespected Blanco's son, Michael Corleone Blanco, but played straight when Rivi orders his men to spare another target's children (see EvenEvilHasStandards). Averted in the second with a memorial wall showing the many young deaths from drug gang violence.
* {{Irony}}: A moment of situational irony occurred when a South Florida preacher's sermon on the evils of drugs was interrupted by half a million dollars worth of cocaine crashing through the church roof.
* ItGetsEasier: Discussed by Rivi in regards to his killings.
* KarmaHoudini: Averted for most in the first film. Roberts & Munday were arrested soon after Max Mermelstein but were eventually released from prison, with Roberts dying of cancer in 2011. Rivi is still serving a life sentence for three murders. Griselda Blanco was arrested and imprisoned in 1985 (an subsequent case against her became a subplot in the sequel), but was released from jail & deported in 2004 and eventually gunned down in Colombia in 2012. Subverted with Max Mermelstein, who went into WitnessProtection until he died of cancer in 2008. Played straight in the second film with Cosby, who retired from the drug trade after his involvement in Blanco's prosecution.
* KnowWhenToFoldEm: Cosby directly credits this for his survival at the end of the sequel.
* [[ManOfWealthAndTaste Woman Of Wealth and Taste]]: Griselda Blanco.
* MightAsWellNotBeInPrisonAtAll: Even though Blanco was arrested in 1985, she still ran her cocaine empire from prison and enjoyed a $50 million annual income.
* PragmaticVillainy: Discussed by Roberts as a major difference between Colombian and Italian organized crime - the Colombians would kill someone if they didn't get paid (or sometimes even if they did), whereas the Italians would just beat them up because they wouldn't be able to get any more money from them if they were dead.
* PoliceAreUseless: Initially, the Miami-Dade police are overwhelmed by the level of violence and crime due to the Miami drug war, with murders happening so often that officers spent most of their time responding to crime scenes instead of investigating them. Their initial attempts to get enough officers on the streets to properly patrol them results in a massive amount of corruption, as noted above. They avert this later on as they get a grip on the situation.
* ProfessionalKiller: Rivi.
* {{Recut}}: An updated and extended version of the original, ''Cocaine Cowboys: Reloaded'', was released in April 2014.
* TheStoolPigeon: Max Mermelstein becomes a Betrayer Barry after getting busted for possession and taking a PleaBargain. His testimony helped put Roberts & Munday away and effectively crippled the Medellin cartel's Miami operation.
* TitleDrop: In the first film, the title is used to describe the gunmen from rival gangs shooting each other on the streets.
* [[VillainProtagonist Villain Protagonists]]: Roberts, Munday and Rivi in the first film. Cosby in the sequel.
* WhereAreTheyNowEpilogue: The last few minutes of ''Reloaded'' details the eventual fate of most of the main players (see also KarmaHoudini) including events that occurred since the original film's release (such as the deaths of Roberts and Blanco).
* WitnessProtection: Max Mermelstein entered the program after testifying against the others and the Cartel.
* WouldntHurtAChild: Rivi refusing to let his men kill a target's children. He accidentally averts this when a failed hit against Chucho ends up killing Chucho's son instead, which deeply affected Rivi when he found out.
* WretchedHive: Does a good job of painting 1980's Miami as this.
* YourCheatingHeart: Cosby cheats on Blanco with a white woman and ends up getting shot at as a "warning".