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->"''You know, it's possible, [[UsefulNotes/{{Augustus}} Octavian]], that when you die... you will die without ever having been alive.''"
-->-- '''Mark Antony'''

The film that [[TroubledProduction nearly]] [[BoxOfficeBomb killed]] TwentiethCenturyFox, '''''Cleopatra''''' was released in 1963 and starred Creator/ElizabethTaylor, Creator/RichardBurton and Creator/RexHarrison. It chronicles the tale of UsefulNotes/CleopatraVII, Pharaoh of Egypt, and her long reign over her country. In the beginning, she romances [[Creator/GaiusJuliusCaesar Julius Caesar]], and tries to gain her place in the Roman Empire. Unfortunately, the Ides of March happen, and Cleopatra's dreams hit a roadblock. So, she turns her attention to Mark Antony, who eventually falls to the army of Octavian.

If you are looking for information about the actual Cleopatra, see UsefulNotes/CleopatraVII.

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!!''Cleopatra'' features examples of the following tropes:

* TheAlcoholic: In the second part of the movie, there is hardly a scene where Mark Antony is not drinking. This is HarsherInHindsight given Richard Burton's problems with alcohol.
* AlwaysSecondBest: Mark Antony gets jealous of Caesar after Caesar's death.
* AncientEgypt
* AncientRome
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: Different from the average one; nobody is allowed to watch Cleopatra during it.
* BigEntrance: Rides in on a giant stone sphinx pulled by a hundred slaves.
* BlondGuysAreEvil: Octavian.
* {{Catchphrase}}: Caesar's is "For the time being."
* CoolOldGuy: Caesar, Cicero and Sosigenes.
* CultureClash: Rome and Egypt. Cleopatra the absolutist Queen has a hard time understanding Roman politics and why even a dictator is not fully an Emperor, and why the Romans have a taboo against a King. In the end, [[HoistByHerOwnPetard Cleopatra gets her desire for Rome to have an Emperor but the new Emperor, Augustus, decides to conquer Egypt too]].
* CulturedWarrior: Caesar.
* DeadpanSnarker: Cleopatra and Caesar to a degree. Their exchanges are therefore highly entertaining. Mark Antony, however, is no match for her.
* DeathByIrony: Caesar is stabbed to death at the base of a monument to Pompey, his former arch-rival.
* DisabledLoveInterest: Phoebus, Cleopatra's blind poet.
* DueToTheDead: Brutus gets this from Antony after defeating him at the Battle of Philippi. Antony however faces no such luck from Augustus.
* EpicFail: Mark Antony's "brilliant" decision to branch into naval warfare at Actium.
* EpicMovie: One of the biggest. It cost $44 million to make, which, adjusted for inflation, would be '' $310 million'' in today's dollars. This figure has only been topped (and even then, just barely) by ''[[Film/PiratesOfTheCaribbean Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End]]'' -- 44 years later. To put it into perspective: it remains the only movie to be the highest-grossing film of its year and ''still'' lose money. It would have had to become the third most successful film ''of all time'' just to break even.
* ForgivenessRequiresDeath: Very literal. The girl who offered Cleopatra a poisoned drink begs her forgiveness. Cleopatra grants it, then makes her drink it. Also a Moment of Awesome.
** Cleopatra was very probably genuinely offering her forgiveness, when you think about it. I'm sure the quick, relatively painless death from the poison was a gentler way to go than the one the law would reserve for someone who tried to assassinate the Queen.
* GentlemanSnarker: Caesar. It wouldn't be a stretch to say Rex Harrison plays him as a Roman [[Theatre/MyFairLady Professor Higgins]].
* AGodAmI: {{Discussed}} and {{lampshaded}}. Caesar, Cleopatra, Marc Antony and Octavian all claim divinity and discuss the ramifications of being deified.
* GoingNative: Mark Antony likes "almost all things Greek". It become a big problem when the Romans start taking offense.
* GorgeousPeriodDress
* GoThroughMe: When Octavian demands Antony's head, Cleopatra states he can either have two or none at all.
* HistoricalBeautyUpdate: By all accounts, the real Cleopatra was rather plain-looking (her allure was in her personality).
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Cleopatra, Caear, Mark Antony, Agrippina, Octavian/Augustus, Achillas, Ptolemy, Sosigenes, Brutus, Cassius, Cicero, Calpurnia, Caesarion, Octavia. It's a who's-who's of the Twilight of Republic phase of Ancient Rome.
* HistoricalHeroUpgrade: Brutus is shown in a very sympathetic light. Likewise, the fact that Caesar is painted to have openly sought Imperial titles vindicates and justifies TheConspiracy where earlier accounts at least kept things ambiguous (as it was in history).
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: Octavian, perhaps the most successful ruler in Roman history, is portrayed as an [[SissyVillain effeminate wimp]] and a two-faced schemer with delusions of grandeur.
* InTheBack: One of the most famous examples in history: Brutus killing Caesar.
* KickTheDog: Octavian throwing a spear at Cleopatra's old mentor Sosigenes and killing him.
* KneelBeforeZod: Cleopatra makes Mark Antony kneel when he asks her for a treaty.
** "I ''asked'' it of Julius Caesar - I ''demand'' it of you!"
* LonelyAtTheTop: Cleopatra insists Caesar does not have to be that anymore.
* LoveRuinsTheRealm
* MayDecemberRomance: Caesar and Cleopatra.
* MementoMacGuffin: Cleopatra had a necklace made with only coins of Caesar, which she says she always wears. Mark Antony tears it off.
* MonumentalDamage: Cleopatra is furious when Caesar's troops accidentally burn down the famous Alexandrian Library.
** This includes the baffling part where Sosigenes refers to various books being burned, such as the manuscripts of Aristotle, and the... Testament of the Hebrew god, which he refers to as the Book of Books? When did a Greek philosopher in Egypt convert to Judaism?
* NiceHat: It is Ancient Egypt after all.
* NotHisSled: The original Creator/CecilBDemille film starring Creator/ClaudetteColbert has a scene where Cleo's introduction to Caesar involves her glamorously rolling out of an unfurling rug. In ''this'' film, the rug's brought to Caesar, and the audience who saw the original braces itself...but Caesar turns out to be a bit GenreSavvy, thinking a spy may be in it--and draws his sword. Cleo rolls out all right...[[EpicFail but on her face without the situational control she intended.]]
* OnOneCondition: Octavian is willing to leave the Egyptians alone, but requires a small token of faith that Cleopatra delivers him Antony's head.
* OscarBait: No, duh?
* RecliningReigner: Cleopatra and Caesar be argued as the {{Trope Codifier}}s.
* RequisiteRoyalRegalia: Especially during the Roman triumph.
* RoyalBrat: Ptolemy.
* PurpleIsPowerful: Caesar on his return to rome wears the Purple toga, the picta toga during Cleopatra's arrival to Rome. He also wears this in private. Indeed it was Caesar's decision to irregularly wear such outfits that made conspirators believe he wanted to be King.
* SayMyName: Cleopatra screams Antony's name when she finds out he married Octavia.
* ShiningCity: Rome and Alexandria.
* ShownTheirWork: The film, although no stranger to HollywoodHistory, is remarkably respectful of Classic sources. Many colourful and dramatic episodes (Cleopatra rolled in a carpet, Caesar killed near Pompey's monument, Mark Antony covering Brutus' body with a cloak) are directly lifted from Suetonius, Plutarch, and other ancient writers. Many historical events, place-names and figures are mentioned in the movie, raising its educational value.
* SlapSlapKiss: Antony and Cleopatra.
* TheSpeechless: Flavius, Caesar's loyal manservant.
* StealthInsult: A lot. For example, Cicero quips "Finally I've seen the real extent of Egyptian wealth" (implying that Cleopatra has bribed Roman senators to let her into Rome).
* StraightForTheCommander: Mark Antony attempts this in the final sea battle against Octavian. He sails his ship right at Octavian's flagship because even if he loses the battle, killing Octavian will still win him the war. It fails because Octavian is not actually on his flagship and is instead on another ship away from the fighting.
* SuccessionCrisis: Who should take up Caesar's name and power, Mark Antony or Octavian?
* TagTeamSuicide: Antony and Cleopatra, followed by her maids Iras and Charmian.
* ThatManIsDead: "There is no one here by the name of Mark Antony... alive".
* TrueLoveAutoCorrect: Cleo has a great admiration for Caesar, bears his child, and dedicates herself to his memory, but after meeting Caesar's protege Antony discovers that true love is something greater (and more destructive) than she realized.
* UnlimitedWardrobe: Taylor wore 65 different costumes in the film.
* VillainProtagonist: All three main characters (Cleopatra, Julius Caesar, and Mark Antony) and Octavian/Augustus are portrayed as scheming, power-hungry politicians and brutal warlords, caring nothing for the masses under their rule and seeking only personal gain.
* WiseBeyondTheirYears: Cleopatra
* WomanScorned: Averted. Despite all the public acknowledgements Caesar makes of his relationship to Cleopatra, Calpurnia stays dignified.
** Played straight with Cleopatra after Mark Antony marries Octavia. She humiliates him thoroughly during an audience when he needs a treaty from her.
* TheWomanWearingTheQueenlyMask
* WorldOfHam
* WorldOfSnark: Entire scenes consist of sarcastic exchanges. Caesar probably takes the cake as the ultimate DeadpanSnarker, but Cleopatra is not far behind.
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