[[caption-width-right:300:Blood! '''Blood! BLOOD!''']]
''Captain Blood'' is a 1935 Creator/WarnerBrothers {{Swashbuckler}} of [[{{Pirate}} piracy on the Caribbean]], directed by Creator/MichaelCurtiz, and starring Creator/ErrolFlynn and Creator/OliviaDeHavilland, based on the 1922 novel ''Literature/CaptainBloodHisOdyssey'' by Creator/RafaelSabatini. The film was nominated for an UsefulNotes/AcademyAward as Best Picture; interestingly, though Michael Curtiz was not nominated, he nevertheless received the second highest number of votes for best director as a write-in candidate.

Sabatini's wildly popular novel had already been filmed as a silent in 1924. The 1935 film was originally intended as a vehicle for English actor Creator/RobertDonat, who had had a great success as Edmond Dantes in ''The Count of Monte Cristo'' the previous year, but had to bow out of ''Blood'' due to health problems. Flynn, whose most important part to date had been in a wordless flashback in the ''Franchise/PerryMason'' mystery, ''Film/TheCaseOfTheCuriousBride'', was tapped by Jack Warner himself to replace Donat; the devil-may-care Tasmanian of Irish extraction had exactly the quality he desired for the adventurous [[{{Oireland}} Irishman]], [[TheCaptain Captain]] [[AwesomeMcCoolname Peter Blood]]. Olivia de Havilland, having enjoyed a notable success as the feisty Hermia in the Warners' film of Creator/WilliamShakespeare's ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream,'' was assigned the part of the equally spirited [[TheChick Arabella Bishop]]. The fine dramatic actor Lionel Atwood played TheHeavy part of Arabella's uncle, and Creator/BasilRathbone displayed a fine talent for fencing and sneering villainy (if rather less at imitating a French accent) as the evil {{pirate}} Levasseur. Henry Stephenson played the [[CoolOldGuy kindly Lord Willoughby]], and Ross Alexander made a striking impression as the ship's navigator, Jeremy Pitt.

The script, by Casey Robinson, was a skillful adaptation of Sabatini's picaresque novel. Much of Sabatini's own prose was included, but several events and characters were omitted or conflated, notably Lord Willoughby and a rival for Arabella's hand, Lord Julian Wade. It is perhaps notable that the script [[PoliticallyCorrectHistory toned down]] [[HollywoodHistory to some extent]] the religious and national rivalries that are emphasized in Sabatini's more historically grounded novel. Moreover, the script somewhat changed Blood's character, in an effort to increase his level of badass at the expense of the more complex, touchy-feely aspects of his personality. Thus, fans of the book may see it as inferior, despite the film's undisputed status as a classic.

Notable Austrian composer Music/ErichWolfgangKorngold had been requested by the respected co-director Max Reinhardt of ''Theatre/AMidsummerNightsDream'' to adapt Music/FelixMendelssohn's incidental music for the play as a [[PublicDomainSoundtrack motion-picture score]]; at the same time the Warner Brothers engaged him to compose an original score for ''Captain Blood''. Korngold's fine Late Romantic score, characterized by [[Music/RichardWagner Wagnerian]] themes and {{Leitmotif}}s, was a write-in candidate at the UsefulNotes/{{Academy Award}}s, despite the fact that the composer had not the time to complete an entirely original score before the début, but was forced to [[PublicDomainSoundtrack adapt]] some of the music from Franz Liszt's symphonic poem ''Mazeppa''.

Other notable talents engaged for the film included fencing master Fred Cavens to [[{{Flynning}} choreograph]] the [[SwordFight duels]]. During the famous duel on the rocks, director Michael Curtiz insisted that Creator/ErrolFlynn and Creator/BasilRathbone should not use "buttons" on the end of their foils, for greater realism; the actors were thus in actual danger of injury, or possibly even death. This was possibly the beginning of Flynn's lifelong detestation of Curtiz, despite the fact that many of his most notable films were made with the hard-driving Hungarian.

In the reign of [[UsefulNotes/TheHouseOfStuart King James II]] of [[UsefulNotes/{{Britain}} England]] a rebellion to place the Duke of Monmouth on the throne breaks out. Rebel [[TheWoobie Jeremy Pitt]] (Ross Alexander) comes to seek the aid of Irish physician and retired soldier, Dr. Peter Blood (Creator/ErrolFlynn), to tend on his friend, Lord Gildoy, wounded in battle against the King's Men. While Blood is tending to his patient, he is arrested; brought before HangingJudge [[HistoricalDomainCharacter Lord Jeffreys]] (a creepily memorable performance by Leonard Mudie). Blood and all the rebels are condemned to death.

King James (Vernon Steele), however, prompted by the [[DeadlyDecadentCourt venal Lord Sunderland]], [[MadeASlave sells them into slavery]] in Jamaica instead, where brutal Colonel William Bishop (Lionel Atwill) buys most of the men and his sprightly niece, Arabella (Olivia de Havilland), purchases the humiliated Blood. Arabella suggests Blood as a replacement for the gouty governor's bumbling doctors. Blood takes advantage of this to plot escape for himself and his fellow slaves. Bishop, suspecting, whips Jeremy for information, then prepares to whip Blood for interfering, when the town is attacked by Spanish pirates. In the confusion, Blood and the slaves escape and seize the Spanish ship (with the ransom taken from the colonists), and set forth on a career of {{pira|te}}cy.

In order to curb Blood's activity, King James makes Colonel Bishop Governor; meanwhile, Arabella sails to England on a visit. On her return, she and Lord Willoughby, who has been sent by the King to deal with Blood, are captured by the evil French pirate Levasseur, with whom Peter has unwillingly gone into partnership on the condition that Levasseur will abide by his humane rules. When Peter discovers Arabella's capture, he "purchases" her; the furious Levasseur refuses to give her up, and they DuelToTheDeath -- Levasseur's. His love rejected by Arabella, Peter decides in a fury to take her and Willoughby on to Jamaica, though he knows that Governor Bishop has sworn to hang him.

When he gets there, the capital is under attack by the French, and the protecting English fleet is out pirate-hunting under the command of the Governor; Lord Willoughby entreats Peter to save the town, saying he has been sent by the King to offer him a pardon and a commission. Blood and his crew reject the offer with scorn -- until they realize that the king in question is not the hated James, but William of Orange, who has seized the throne. They battle the French and win.

Arabella, finding Peter at the Governor's palace, begs him to escape; he forces her to admit that she loves him. Bishop meanwhile returns and is arrested; Lord Willoughby informs him that the new Governor will decide whether he is to be hanged or not. Bishop goes to find Arabella pleading for his life with that official, only to find that he is -- Peter Blood, who greets him with a "Good morning, Uncle!"

Not to be confused with the Wiki/TVTropes contributor Tropers/CaptainBlood. Or the [[http://www.mobygames.com/game-group/captain-blood-series video game series]].


!!This film provides examples of the following tropes:

* {{Ambadassador}}: Lord Willoughby is not the physical type, but any envoy who can recruit a whole pirate crew into loyal privateers for the new King in under five minutes is really good at his job. He's also perfectly willing to accept torture so that Arabella won't have to go through it herself.
* AsTheGoodBookSays: One of the slaves/pirates talks like this, with some additions to fit the context or simply for laughs.
* AwesomeMcCoolname: ''Captain Blood''.
* BadBadActing: Arabella's acting is, how we should say, exaggerated.
* BoardingParty: An old example, with plenty of rope-swinging action.
* BreakTheHaughty: The very last scenes are this for Bishop. He is stripped of his post and is even threatened of severe punishment after leaving Port Royal unprotected in war times. To make things worse (for ''him''), Blood is the new governor.
* TheCavalierYears: The film begins with Monmouth's rebellion in 1685 and ends with the deposition of James II in 1688.
* ChairReveal: "Uncle -- this is the governor!" Sort of, anyway. The chair doesn't swivel; instead, Flynn has his face buried in his hands when Bishop comes into the room.
* CharacterExaggeration: Compared to Sabatini's novel, Blood has become much more of a FlatCharacter in order to better fit an archetypal ActionHero role. Key moments (and lengthy segments) of the book that helped establish him as a sensitive, complex character [[CompressedAdaptation were cut]], and many parts that were left ''in'' were changed as well: At least two of the Captain's pivotal scenes with Arabella, for example, were kept in, but drastically altered to ''reverse completely'' the tone they had in the book, making Blood appear more traditionally ''macho''.
* CharacterTitle
* ColdBloodedTorture: Colonel Bishop whips Jeremy Pitt for information, and leaves him hanging up without water in the broiling Jamaican sun. (See also SlaveBrand, below.)
* CompositeCharacter:
** Arabella Bishop was combined with Madamoiselle d'Onefoys from the book to save money for the production.
** Lord Willoughby is a combination of Lord Julian Wade and Lord Willoughby, the two nobleman characters from Rafael Sabatini's book.
* CompressedAdaptation: Parts cut from the book include, amongst others, a long stretch of time when Blood drank heavily due to depression, and a very powerful scene in which he cried at [[spoiler:the loss of his ship]]. This was part of a general re-interpretation of his character for the film (from a nuanced, sensitive man to a straight up action hero).
* CoolOldGuy: Lord Willoughby. He may be an old English windbag at first, but anyone with only a silver tongue and some good news as leverage who can turn a pirate crew who scoff at sailing for the King into loyal fighting sailors for the British Navy in five minutes is a force to be reckoned with.
* CouldHaveAvoidedThisPlot: A mild example when Willoughby offers Blood and his men a commission from the King, they spend several minutes refusing and putting the King down. When Blood snaps they don't want to follow James, a stunned Willoughby tells them that the Glorious Revolution has taken place, James deposed and it's King William offering the deal.
-->'''Blood''': Willoughby, it's the long-winded fellow, you are, why didn't you tell us this in the first place!
* DiesWideOpen: Levasseur.
* DuelToTheDeath: Between Peter and Levasseur over Arabella.
* EpicShipOnShipAction: The climax involves Peter Blood and his pirate ship, having agreed to fight on behalf of the British against the French, attacking the French warship and winning.
* {{Fanfare}}: Notably, Korngold uses a repeated [[{{Leitmotif}} horncall]] to symbolize Peter's ship, at least once explicitly performed as [[LeftTheBackgroundMusicOn source-music]] by a bugler in the crew.
* {{Flynning}}: The philosophy of Fred Cavens, who choreographed the duels, was to take the basic fencing moves and to exaggerate them, to make them more spectacular for film audiences.
* GracefulLoser: Bishop seems to accept the fact Blood is the new governor with surprising humility.
* HangingJudge: The [[HistoricalDomainCharacter historical]] Baron Jeffreys, played chillingly by gaunt, reedy-voiced Leonard Mudie, makes it plain that anyone who defends himself in his court is indulging in "a useless effort to keep his own neck from the halter."
* HeroicTeamRevolt: Happens briefly after Peter wants to take his crew to Port Royal where the vengeful governor and the entire English fleet is waiting to string them up. He manages to talk them round.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: George Jeffreys; King James II; Robert Spencer, Earl of Sunderland.
* HistoricalVillainUpgrade: James II is generally considered now not to have been so much a cruel tyrant, as a rather stupid, stubborn man with an exaggerated sense of his own rights; his faults have been exaggerated in the cause of partisan religious and political propaganda.
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: Blood spots that Judge Jeffreys is suffering from this.
* JustAStupidAccent: Creator/BasilRathbone as a French pirate.
* KangarooCourt: Lord Jeffreys refuses to let Peter defend himself properly during his trial, and literally instructs the jury to "bring in a verdict of 'Guilty.'"
* KubrickStare: Peter shoots one at Col. Bishop after being whipped.
* {{Leitmotif}}: Korngold employs several in the score, including the {{Fanfare}} mentioned above, a sweeping love theme for Arabella, and a jaunty tune to represent the Jamaican capital, Port Royal -- which he deploys to stunning effect when Peter orders the crew to sail there, presumably to their deaths.
* LovableRogue: Captain Blood.
* MadeASlave: The Monmouth rebels are sold into slavery at the suggestion of Lord Sunderland, and Peter is sold along with them.
* MOHSScaleOfViolenceHardness: It scores a 3.
* NamesToRunAwayFromReallyFast: Sure he's the hero, but "Doctor Blood" does not inspire confidence.
* NoCelebritiesWereHarmed: The character of Captain Peter Blood is almost certainly based partly on Colonel ''Thomas'' Blood, a 17th century Irish rogue who nearly succeeded in stealing the Crown Jewels from the Tower of London and ''did'' succeed in gaining the favor of Charles II, and especially on Captain Henry Morgan, who, like Peter Blood, was a pirate who wound up as (lieutenant) governor of Jamaica.
* NotEvenBotheringWithTheAccent:
* NotableOriginalMusic: Korngold's first original Hollywood score is a beautiful evocation of the sea, and helped launch his career as one of the dominant figures of film music.
* OffstageVillainy: Flynn and his crew are never shown attacking a ship or stealing anything. In fact, their entire piratical career in the movie is one scene in which they are dividing booty from an unseen attack, and a later scene where Peter shows Arabella some of his booty. When she straight-out asks him how many people he's killed to get all that treasure Peter says "No more than was necessary", indirectly admitting that yes, he and his crew have killed people. Presumably this was done so the audience would continue to view Captain Blood and his fellow pirates as the good guys.
* OohMeAccentsSlipping: Creator/BasilRathbone's French pirate has dialogue of the "Zees so vairy 'andsome Engleesh prize say, « ''Bonjour, Monsieur le Capitaine Levasseur'' ! »" variety.
* {{Pirate}}
* PirateBooty: Peter shows Annabella all his booty in an effort to impress her. It doesn't work.
* ThePiratesWhoDontDoAnything: Blood is the greatest pirate in the world, but the only people he ever kills on screen are members of foreign armies and one perverted French captain. He's also never shown stealing or sinking other ships unless it's against enemies of England (Which would make sense if they'd said that he was a privateer sailing under a British letter of marque rather than a genuine pirate), and the other members of his crew are all rough, roguish, and jovial rather than a bunch of cutthroats. Even when the main villain, who abused them as slaves, is in their grasp, they happily just comically throw him overboard rather than kill him. The movie only barely glosses over his life as a pirate and thief, and it comes off as rather jarring when the love interest refuses to be with him because he's committed crimes we've never seen.
* PropertyOfLove: Inverted for both genders. Blood gets sold as a slave and bought by his eventual love interest. Later she gets taken prisoner and is sold to him in a similar fashion. They both find the experience to be humiliating in a bad way, and a total turnoff to the point of stopping them from admitting their feelings for each other. It is only later, when they are both free, that their love for each other can bloom.
* ShownTheirWork: Averted to an extent. Sabatini's novel incorporated dialogue from historical sources (such as transcripts from trials conducted by Judge Jeffreys); the film largely ignores these historical touches.
* SlapSlapKiss: The perfect description of Peter and Arabella's relationship.
* SlaveBrand: Colonel Bishop has slaves who attempt to escape branded on the face with an '''FT''' for "Fugitive Traitor."
* StockFootage: Portions of the battle scenes are lifted from earlier Warners' silents; the attentive viewer can catch glimpses of Napoleonic ship design and costumes among the 17th century piracy.
* SwordFight: Notably, Peter's duel with Levasseur on the slippery rocks of Virgen Magra, ending with a very dead French pirate being splashed by the sea-foam.
* ATasteOfTheLash: Col. Bishop seems to like to whip his slaves.
* ThoseTwoGuys: Bronson and Whacker, two physicians that treated the governor's gout before Blood came along.
* WelcomeToTheCaribbeanMon: Not that it seems all that welcoming to Peter Blood, at least at first.
* WhamLine: "James? This commission has been sent by King William."
* WheelOfPain: Peter and the other slaves are forced to turn one of these on Bishop's plantation, which is explicitly contrasted with their turning of the capstan of the ship on which they escape.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: In the climatic battle at sea when Captain Blood's ship is sinking and the crew has to board one of the enemy ships, what exactly was the elderly Lord Willoughby doing during all this?
* TheWomenAreSafeWithUs: Blood's ship has it as an explicit rule that no one will mistreat any woman, nor take them prisoner in the first place. He kills one of his partners over it.
* WoodenShipsAndIronMen: Much of the film takes place on-board ship; some aspects of this are {{lampshade|Hanging}}d when Peter reveals that he has not heard of the Glorious Revolution in England because he has "been at sea, out of touch with the world."