For a discussion on how {{disco}} itself relates to this trope, see [[DeaderThanDisco/{{Disco}} here]].

'''Note:''' A musician/group is not Deader Than Disco if they've had one or two underperforming songs/albums or are seen as SnarkBait by the general public. Otherwise, just about ''every'' mainstream musician or musical group in existence would be this trope! For a musician or group to be DeaderThanDisco, they need to have irreparably fallen into mainstream obscurity, either through career-damaging behavior or simple shifts in cultural taste.
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[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder:General]]
* Rock in general was actually thought to be this in the early 1960s. By this time, Music/ElvisPresley had been drafted, Music/BuddyHolly and Music/RitchieValens had died, etc. Meanwhile, thanks to the success of such groups as Music/TheShirelles, female-fronted pop and dance music were quickly overtaking rock and roll in terms of popularity. By about 1962, rock had been largely written off as a passing teen fad... and then Music/TheBeatles played on ''Series/TheEdSullivanShow''. And the rest, as they say, is history...\\
\\
...until, ironically, the birth of Disco. The then-emerging genre took a significant bite out of rock's mainstream dominance. And even after it had become a public mockery (hence its status as the TropeNamer), it paved the way for competing genres, like bubblegum pop. And then rap/hip-hop along with a resurgence in the popularity of R&B took an even larger chunk out of rock's mainstream dominance. Not to mention the rise in non-musical forms of entertainment among teenagers, such as video games and teen-oriented television programming. While it's unlikely that rock will ever become DeaderThanDisco (how ironic that would be!), most will agree that the genre no longer has the cultural impact or significance that it had during the 1960s and 1970s. Rather, it's now seen merely as one of many genres of popular music.
* A little Genre existed in the 1960s called "Raga Rock". For those who don't know, Raga Rock was Indian-inspired rock music that mainly focuses on using Indian instruments and music structure (like "Love You To" by the Beatles, "The Sunset" by Music/TheMoodyBlues, and "White Summer" by the Yardbirds). Besides a few hits, it never really caught on, and it didn't stick around as by the 1970s everyone had abandoned the Counter-Culture and Hippie movements.
* HairMetal, the genre with the honor of being to TheNineties what the TropeNamer was to TheEighties -- i.e., the subject of mockery for an entire generation. After big success in the '80s, hair metal went into rapid decline at the start of the '90s, when Music/{{Nirvana}}'s 1991 album ''Nevermind'' set the world on fire and turned grunge into the next big thing by providing a heavier alternative. For years afterward, hair metal was stereotyped as the music of {{low|erClassLout}}lifes, [[DiscoDan stuck-in-the-'80s housewives]], and [[AmazinglyEmbarrassingParents your uncool parents]]. While '80s nostalgia has caused its popularity to increase, at least in the mainstream, it has never climbed back to its former heights, and it is still treated as a subject of mockery by metalheads (as seen in ''VideoGame/BrutalLegend''). Still, considering that it at least ''sounds'' like hard rock, it is far more respected amongst metal purists and classic hard rock fans [[NuMetal than other forms]] [[{{Metalcore}} of rock/metal]].
** 1970s and '80s HeavyMetal in general actually fell victim to this trope in the 1990s. Though Music/{{Metallica}}, Music/{{Megadeth}}, and (to a lesser extent) Music/OzzyOsbourne remained popular, acts like Music/RonnieJamesDio, Music/JudasPriest, Music/IronMaiden, and even Music/BlackSabbath were all seen as no longer relevant compared to the likes of acts like Danzig, Pantera, Music/TypeONegative, and Music/MarilynManson. Ironically, the "no longer relevant" acts gained a resurgance in popularity in the 2000s while the "newer" bands either broke up or are much less popular.
* Grunge music itself significantly declined in popularity in the mid-1990s with the rise in popularity of AlternativeMetal bands like Korn and Music/{{Deftones}} resulting in many grunge bands changing their style to adapt. The suicide of Nirvana's Kurt Cobain didn't help.
* Many, many, ''many'' novelty songs and {{one hit wonder}}s. Even though people expect them to be fads and fade out, there's still an amazing jump between "cute, fun fluff" and "anyone who sings this gets a punch in the nose." Good examples include "Achy Breaky Heart" and the Macarena.
** And line-dancing itself...
* Arguably the alternative hip-hop and jazz-rap crossover craze from the early '90s. From 1992-'94, De La Soul, The Pharcyde, Arrested Development, Us3, and Digable Planets won critical acclaim, had hit singles, and collected awards. They were hailed as the new face of hip-hop. But their popularity has waned and their style has few critical supporters today. In fact at the time some was criticized for not doing anything special besides sample jazz records. Some created records that are still highly praised though, like the aforementioned artists. Other hip-hop artists from that same era namely gangsta rap, political rap, and hardcore hip hop artists, such as Nas, Dr. Dre, the Wu Tang Clan, Tupac Shakur, The Notorious B.I.G., Bone Thugs N Harmony, and Snoop Dogg stood the test of time far better. On the other hand those genres created some great records, but it's also the reason many people hate rap.
** New jack swing also suffered a similar backlash around this time, with some critics calling the scene watered down cookie cutter R&B/Hip Hop and slowly driving them out.
*** Although you could make the argument that over saturation might have been the real culprit. All the new jack swing songs started to sound the same.
** There is a second wave of alternative rap which includes rappers like P.O.S., Aesop Rock and El-P, but it's mostly targeted at fans of alternative and indie rock, who are mostly enthusiastic supporters of them. Rap radio stations, on the other hand, still avoid the genre entirely.
** Interestingly enough there was a time when Alt/Rap was played along side Hardcore Hip Hop, Political Rap, and Gangsta Rap. Which is one of the reasons why TheGoldenAgeOfHipHop is so fondly remembered.
** Opinions vary, but, at least in the mainstream's eyes, pretty much any hip-hop that isn't Lil Wayne, Drake or Eminem is now considered "alt-rap" by ''default''.
** Some are saying that Hip-Hop ''groups'' are dead. [[http://www.hiphopdx.com/index/editorials/id.1985/title.disappearing-acts-the-decline-of-hip-hop-groups Discussed on this hip-hop blog called Disappearing Acts: The Decline of Hip Hop Groups]].
* Speaking of rap, GangstaRap is no longer the mainstream force that it was in TheNineties. The deaths of Music/TheNotoriousBIG and Music/TupacShakur, at the height of gangsta rap's mainstream success, brought it screeching to a halt. Gangsta rap's popularity came from its anti-establishment themes and its [[DarkerAndEdgier violent lyrical content]] (especially in comparison to clean-cut artists like Music/RunDMC and Creator/WillSmith), but the second that the people rapping about these things ''literally'' took it seriously and started killing each other, artists started [[RatedGForGangsta distancing themselves from that image]]. In the 2000s, this style of rap is pretty much no longer present, having been largely driven underground and supplanted by BoastfulRap and GlamRap. Only a small handful of "gangsta" artists, like Music/FiftyCent and Creator/TheGame, have had much mainstream success since, and even they have had to adjust to the sensibilities of modern rap.
* And like gangsta rap, PoliticalRap is also pretty much back underground. At one point a large movement right besides both alt/rap and gangsta/hardcore hip-hop in the early to mid-1990s. Now it's basically none existent on terrestrial radio, and music channels. Some believe the genre and artists have been "blacklisted". In fact, some not-too-unbelievable conspiracy theories maintain that Political Rap was ''intentionally'' subverted to make its largely African American fanbase buy into various self-defeating and negative social stereotypes.
* NuMetal. The concept of referring to certain superficially similar, but otherwise very different forms of music (AlternativeMetal, HardRock, rap metal, Music/HeavyMetal), as "nu metal" is itself DeaderThanDisco, but so are many of the bands that got lumped together under that label. Some bands only managed to stay relevant by abandoning their old rap-metal style in favor of one that wasn't being endlessly mocked (LinkinPark's {{U2}}-esque arena rock style, Papa Roach's mainstream hard rock sound), and most of the rest have been pretty much forgotten outside of their diehard fanbases. While it still has some influence (namely in deathcore, which incidentally is something of a spiritual successor), its stigma of "downtuned jumpdafuckup riffs and [[{{Wangst}} ineffectual adolescent angst]] for white trash and angry tweens" is still unlikely to go away any time soon.
** Music/KidRock has, interestingly enough, remained commercially relevant by switching to a Southern/heartland rock style during the mid-2000's.
* A lot of the {{Britpop}} bands of 1993-97 have gone from hugely popular and making the cover of NME to widely derided. The movement itself has come in for a lot of revisionism but bands like Shed Seven are nowadays little more than the butt of jokes.
* Intelligent drum'n'bass, an offshot of sample-based dance music that was extremely trendy in the UK during the mid-1990s. Following the success of Goldie's ''Timeless'' and LTK Bukem's ''Logical Progression'' in 1995 and 1996, intelligent drum'n'bass was latched onto by the British music press as the hot new sound of inner-city black Britain. At a time when the ''NME'' and ''Melody Maker'' almost exclusively covered skinny white teenage guitar bands, it was the acceptable face of urban music; it was "intelligent". The musical formula - slow build-up, double bass, skittery drums - quickly became a ubiquitous feature of television commercials, and it seemed that every CD single released in 1996 time had a drum'n'bass mix near the end of the tracklisting. It peaked in 1997, when Roni Size's Reprazent won the Mercury Music Award for ''New Forms'' and even Music/DavidBowie built much of ''Earthling'' around drum'n'bass, at which point the novelty wore off. Goldie's second album was slammed for self-indulgence - the first track was over ''60 minutes long'' - and the genre as a whole was quickly displaced in the affections of music critics by trip-hop, which deserves a separate entry of its own.
* Most digital synthesisers and drum machines of the 1980s and early 1990s were extremely hard to program, and so producers simply used the preset sounds over and over again. As a consequence, several machines from the era wore out their welcome and have completely fallen from fashion. Examples include the warm electric piano and slap bass sounds of the Yamaha DX7; the Phil Collins-esque sound of the Simmonds SDS and Linn drum machines; the chimes and breathy pads of the Roland D-50; and the house piano and bassy organ of the Korg M1. Several of the aforementioned produced a sound that crossed the UncannyValley, a broken imitation of reality that was good enough for the time but has dated badly. Ironically, the more obviously electronic sound of previous analogue synthesisers and drum machines (themselves DeaderThanDisco after digital synths became widespread) - such as the Roland Juno, and the TR-808 - came back into fashion during the 1990s and has never really gone away.
** As of 2012, the D-50 (via a card made for Roland's V-Synth), Korg M1 and Wavestation (Korg Legacy software), DX-7 (FM7, FM8) and the Fairlight CMI (Fairlight Pro app on iTunes) have been revitalized in software and hardware formats, and Korg's MOD-7 software for its Korg Kronos workstation can emulate FM and vector synthesis, too. So even early digital synths are coming up for reappraisal.
* The BoyBand's DistaffCounterpart, the GirlGroup, never experienced ''quite'' the backlash of boy bands, probably due to them having a solid PeripheryDemographic [[TestosteroneBrigade driven by the fanservice on display]]. But once again, it's telling that {{Beyonce}}'s time with Music/DestinysChild is almost never brought up when people talk about her career, and that the only major girl groups to have much popularity in the last several years are the Pussycat Dolls (in America) and Music/GirlsAloud (in Britain). And most girl groups have to sell on their sex appeal alone, which prevents things like Music/AKB48 from ever happening anywhere outside of Asia given how tame they are in comparison to Western pop.
** Music/GirlsAloud [[CyclicTrope experience cyclic popularity]], much as Music/FleetwoodMac have done over the years.
** Related to the above, British listeners had pop groups like the Music/SpiceGirls (more on them below), SClub7, AllSaints and Steps, which were usually manufactured by record labels or the first {{talent show}}s (''Pop Idol'', ''Popstars'', etc.) to appeal almost exclusively to a younger demographic. They ruled the UK and U.S. Top Forty airwaves in the [[TheNineties mid-late '90s]], but now they're mostly forgotten with the exception of the Spice Girls, who have had succesful reunion tours and somewhat succesful solo careers.
* The Easy Listening genre. Also known as Elevator Music and sometimes (incorrectly) Muzak, Easy Listening featured bland, unthreatening covers of forty-year-old pop songs performed by string orchestras and choruses, the members of which must have needed a direct pipeline to the No-Doz Corporation to get through their days' work. The genre was popular not just in offices and shops but also with senior citizens who apparently enjoyed the extremely sanitized versions of the songs they enjoyed as teens. The genre died out as its primary audience did - and as businesses either ditched music entirely or hired companies such as {{Muzak}} to provide a more marketing-directed music feed (which, today, is used mostly by telephone holding systems). Nowadays the average senior citizen only remembers such predecessors of Easy Listening as Perry Como and Mitch Miller as remnants of ''their'' parents' youth, and are more likely to listen to oldies from the early days of rock, when they themselves were young. Similarly, businesses and offices have mostly switched to classic (pre-MTV) rock and adult contemporary.
* Related to the above, Beautiful Music and its noteworthy successors, Exotica and Space Age Pop, are far beyond dead. BM itself mostly morphed into Easy Listening, Space Age Pop went on to influence electronic music, and Exotica still clings on, as it's popular with the Tiki subculture (you know, tiki bars, Hawaiian shirts), and a handful of revivalists do still play the music. But it's hard to believe that there was a time when Les Baxter and Martin Denny were anything close to big names. Some of this has to do with Exotica being rather [[ValuesDissonance insensitive]] by modern standards.
** However, Baxter has gather a small cult following in recent years due to limited releases of his work as a film composer (he was one of American International Pictures' favorite composers in the 1960s).
* {{Ambient}} electronic music was quite popular in the 1970s and '80s. It found a niche due to it's atmospheric, dreamlike quality. It found frequent use as the soundtracks of a significant number of radio shows, TV series, animated series, documentaries, planetarium shows, computer games, and theatrical films. This gained some artists a cult status that exists to this day, even if in some cases it may be a case of RetroactiveRecognition with respect to the artist's name. Some examples include Brian Eno, Jean Michael Jarre, Vangelis, Kitaro, Paddy Kingsland, Shuki Levy, the MOS Technology SID chip, Rob Hubbard, and Tangerine Dream. This genre of music seemed to experience a backlash by the 1990s, but this backlash was mostly limited to North America. The fact that most of these electronic artists were British, European or Japanese may have played a part in a large percentage of Americans turning their back on it in the interest of embracing more acoustic classic rock, [[FolkMusic "back to their roots"]] [[CountryMusic Americana]] style music.
* SurfRock. Even when it ''was'' popular, it eventually mutated into "Hot Rod Rock" after the people singing it changed subject matter. A few revivalist bands like ManOrAstroMan became popular in the 1990s, but even they distance themselves from the label now. Psychobilly is the closest you'll generally come to it nowadays; while never a popular genre, it has always had a highly devoted cult following.
* "Shock rock", rock music whose main allure was how shocking and offensive it was to MoralGuardians (such as Music/AliceCooper, Music/BlackSabbath, and Music/{{GWAR}}), has largely died out. The big reason is cultural desensitization to such musical flamboyance -- mainstream pop singers like Music/LadyGaga, Music/NickiMinaj, Music/AdamLambert, Music/MileyCyrus ([[ContractualPurity post-]]''Series/HannahMontana''), and others have made shock value such a major part of their routines that it's become, well, routine to expect musicians to push the envelope, while the internet has made far more extreme bands and genres ({{gangsta rap}}, {{death metal}}, {{horrorcore}}) accessible to young people wishing to rebel against their parents. Furthermore, the MoralGuardians that once railed against shock rock, and [[NoSuchThingAsBadPublicity gave it much of its allure]] in the process, are nowadays seen as ineffectual jokes. The last true shock rock band to make it big was Music/MarilynManson in the '90s, and since then, this once-controversial style of rock music has turned into joke fodder.
* Straightforward R&B, slow jams, ballads, and pure Soul music is almost non-existent on urban radio. There was the revival of {{Retraux}} soul called Neo-Soul but it burned out possibly due to mislabeling and HypeBacklash.
* Various styles of CountryMusic, such as:
** The "Nashville sound" of the 1950s-60s, a slick and often orchestral sound that owed more to pop than country. In the 1970s, it was renamed "countrypolitan" and sometimes snuck in a little bit of a disco flavor. By the early 80s, pop-leaning country began shifting towards "soft rock with a steel guitar", and it's pretty much stayed there ever since.
** And its antithesis, the Bakersfield sound, driven by tight rhythms and up-front Telecaster picking, often with a very ThreeChordsAndTheTruth feel. It was popularized in the 1960s and 1970s by Music/MerleHaggard and Music/BuckOwens. Music/DwightYoakam kept the torch through the 1980s, but took on a more eclectic influence in TheNineties.
** "Outlaw country" of the 1970s. A more unkempt and raw style with rock influences, gruff vocals, and lyrics about drugs, alcohol, etc. Examples were Music/WillieNelson, Music/WaylonJennings, and Music/HankWilliamsJr and in many cases, they really were as rough and tumble as they professed until it caught up with them. Many modern artists throw around the word "outlaw" when describing themselves, but they really can't hold a candle, as they didn't live nearly as rough a life as Willie, Waylon, and company. Music/HankWilliamsIII is the closest you'll generally find to a modern-day torchbearer, but that's largely due to crossover appeal with metal and hardcore, which he has strong connections to.
** Pop-country and traditional country have been cycling through this trope for decades. In TheEighties, the Outlaw and Bakersfield style of country became outpaced by pop crossover-friendly acts such as Music/KennyRogers, Music/RonnieMilsap, and Music/{{Alabama}}, who dominated the decade with slick songs that were as conducive to AC and Top 40 playlists as country. Then by about the mid-80s, a more traditional-leaning batch of artists began to emerge, including Music/RebaMcEntire, Music/GeorgeStrait, Music/RandyTravis and Ricky Skaggs. By 1989, the so-called "Class of '89" emerged, a group of artists who all debuted that year (including Music/ClintBlack, Music/AlanJackson, and Music/GarthBrooks) who managed to make a new brand of country that was clearly traditionally influenced with plenty of honky-tonk fiddle and steel, but still marketable to the masses; i.e., "neo-traditionalist". Fueling the fire was Music/BrooksAndDunn, a honky-tonk influenced duo whose smash "Boot Scootin' Boogie", combined with Billy Ray Cyrus's "Achy Breaky Heart" (although an anomaly with its blatant 80s rock overtones), helped spark a renewed interest in line dancing.\\
''Then'' in 1995, Music/ShaniaTwain emerged from nowhere and led a shift back toward country-pop crossovers, typically dominated by female artists such as her, Music/FaithHill, and Martina [=McBride=] although it was also in this time period that Music/DixieChicks managed considerable success despite a clear bluegrass influence. Even some acts who had debuted in the "neo-traditionalist" peak years attempted to change their style with varying degrees of success, most notably in Mark Chesnutt scoring a massive crossover hit with a not-remotely-traditional cover of Music/{{Aerosmith}}'s "I Don't Want to Miss a Thing" and Music/{{Lonestar}}'s 1999 hit "Amazed" becoming the first song since 1983 to top both the country and pop charts. All of ''those'' artists then fell off in the first few years of the 2000s, particularly the Chicks (whose fall from grace is further explained below), and Faith, who alienated herself from country radio in 2002 with her 100% pop-based album ''Cry''. Ever since, country has occupied a middle ground that is neither overtly indebted to its roots nor overtly primed for pop crossover appeal, so with few exceptions, not a lot of country artists have achieved the mainstream exposure and crossover smashes of the acts mentioned above.
*** The "hat act" craze, a subset of the early-mid 90s "neo-traditionalist" boom. Many of the aforementioned "Class of '89" were fairly young men in cowboy hats, and such men came to flood the country market. While some actually proved to be talented, many others were criticized as bland copycats, and "hat act" came to be a derogatory term. The craze died off in the late 1990s as country shifted back to a more pop influence. One of the few "hat acts" who survived into the 21st century is Music/KennyChesney, who managed to move beyond the "young hunk in a cowboy hat" image to his own unique sounds. Meanwhile, Rhett Akins moved from a fourth-string "hat act" to become a popular songwriter in the mid-late 2000s, in addition to supporting the budding singer-songwriter career of his son, who goes by Music/ThomasRhett.
* In the 1980s and early 1990s, tape trading (the practice making copies of audio cassettes and sending them via mail to other fans of the music) was practiced by fans of extreme music such as heavy metal and hardcore punk, allowing fans all over the world to hear bands that they'd normally never hear on the radio or [=MTV=]. Tape trading allowed many bands to garner fanbases far from their homes despite being ignored by mainstream media outlets, and is credited with contributing to the early success of bands such as Music/{{Metallica}} and Music/{{Slayer}}. In the mid '90s, the rise of digital media and Internet file sharing made tape trading obsolete, as fans could download high-quality mp3s of songs in less than an hour rather than waiting days or weeks for tapes to arrive in the mail. These days tape trading is only practiced by a small number of heavy metal fans as a nostalgia hobby rather than a practical way of getting new music.
* Blues-based rock. Thanks mainly to the surge of AlternativeRock, anything that sounds like BluesRock is automatically considered 'old-timey' rock and roll (even though blues rock only found major mainstream success for a short period of time) for better or for worse. Many modern rock stations won't even play anything that sounds like it doesn't come from PostGrunge-NuMetal-AlternativeRock-AlternativeMetal unless it's a major band (i.e. Metallica; Guns N Roses; Led Zeppelin).
** Doubly for Psychedelic Rock, although AlternativeRock and Stoner Rock have been keeping it as an important part of their sounds.
** Interestingly, a growing trend in rock music as a whole has been the shifting eversoslightly towards psychedelia and the blues. While it's unlikely that they will take over the world, it's possible that a full-fledged revival may be imminent.
* Try to find a single major metal band that sounds anything like Music/BlackSabbath. [[DoomMetal There is a genre that glorifies them,]] but this genre's mainstream high point ''was'' Black Sabbath. That style of metal, while definitely not dead and in fact is rising in popularity, essentially died the second metal discovered PunkRock and HardRock and ran with it.
* ProgressiveRock fell ''hard'' in the late '70s, thanks to both PunkRock and disco. Both Music/{{Yes}} and Music/{{Genesis}} managed to avert this in the '80s by retooling their sound to fit the new decade.
* In the late 2000s and early 2010s, {{dubstep}}[[note]]While the genre originated in the UK in 1998, it didn't break into the mainstream until around 2008[[/note]] was a very popular music genre. It dominated the dance music charts and became a staple of action video games (to the point where "dubstep trailers" for games were the subject of memes and parody), and almost everyone, from teenagers to adults, was listening to it. By 2013, however, a tide of backlash swept over the genre, and today, mention of dubstep (especially on the internet) is more likely to bring up attacks on the genre and its leading artists than it is to bring supporters.
* Jam bands such as the GratefulDead and Phish. Nowadays jam bands are mostly remembered for having a grand example of FanDumb, fans who follow the bands around everywhere and essentially nothing else related to them.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Specific artists (hip-hop)]]
Hip-hop/rap music is especially known for being a very cutthroat industry, even by pop music standards, and is full of stories of artists who released a hit radio single, became wildly popular for a brief period, and then [[OneHitWonder promptly faded back into obscurity]] (as the examples below demonstrate). In fact, the success stories of long-running rappers such as Music/{{Eminem}}, Music/SnoopDogg, Music/KanyeWest, and Music/JayZ are major exceptions to the rule. The vicious nature of the rap industry has been the subject of many a rap single; one of the most famous examples is Music/CypressHill's [[https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=C7D27mL2JkI "(Rap) Superstar"]].
* Music/MCHammer is a notable example of a single musician succumbing to this trope. In the early '90s, he was one of the biggest rap stars in the world, with the album ''Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em'' going diamond (ten million sold -- the first rap album to accomplish that feat) and "U Can't Touch This" becoming a sensation. He made flaunting flashy clothes and lifestyle fashionable (rather than the strictly "hood" styles of most rappers of the time), and was on the leading edge of rappers acting as commercial pitchmen. Then, however, came three factors that derailed his success and caused him to fall harder and faster than even MichaelJackson, turning him into an almost overnight punchline:
** Switching his sound to GangstaRap in order to stay relevant. Whilst his 1994 album ''The Funky Headhunter'' was a platinum-selling success upon its release, and spawned the MemeticMutation "it's all good", not only did it get him labeled a sellout by other rappers (the fact that he recorded several dis tracks probably didn't help), it [[ContractualPurity ruined the clean-and-wholesome image]] that he had cultivated (he was, and still is, a Pentecostal minister, and included a Christian song on every one of his albums), which had allowed him to sell rap to mainstream America [[LighterAndSofter without the controversy raised by the more hardcore artists]].
** [[WolverinePublicity Overexposure.]] Even at his height, rivals like Music/LLCoolJ were dissing him for what they saw as over-the-top commercialization, which included shoes, T-shirts, Hammer pants and his SaturdayMorningCartoon ''WesternAnimation/{{Hammerman}}''. This may have actually provoked his switch to gangsta rap, as it's possible that he felt he needed to prove to his detractors that he wasn't a one-trick pony.
** Redefining the phrase "ConspicuousConsumption" for [[TheNineties Generation X]]. There was his infamous mansion, for starters. Then there were his expensive music videos, which set records at the time. Throw in the cars, the thoroughbred racehorses, an entourage that ballooned up to nearly 200 people at one point (allegedly, he would "hire" friends and relatives who needed a job to basically do nothing as a form of charity) and to top it all off, the ''gold chains for his Rottweilers''. He had to file for bankruptcy in 1996 as a result of this, and he remains a symbol of living beyond one's means. This is referenced in {{Nelly}}'s song "Country Grammar (Hot S**t)", where he talks about how he's going to "blow 30 mil like I'm Hammer."
* MC Hammer's contemporary, Music/VanillaIce, had what was then the fastest-selling hip-hop album ever with ''To the Extreme'', and for a time "Ice Ice Baby" was as omnipresent as "U Can't Touch This". However, his film ''Film/CoolAsIce'' bombed, his ganja-themed follow-up album ''Mind Blowin'' was a dud, and he soon fell into drug addiction and at one point tried to kill himself. Not to mention that he made a public mockery of himself by awkwardly denying that "Ice Ice Baby" sampled the main riff from [[Music/{{Queen}} Under Pressure]]. Now, while he's back to recording new music (with Creator/PsychopathicRecords!), and has made a small fortune [[http://www.cracked.com/article_20317_the-7-most-wtf-post-fame-careers-famous-musicians.html flipping houses]], of all things, to most people in America he is ''the'' [[PrettyFlyForAWhiteGuy punchline]] about white rappers.
** ''WesternAnimation/BeavisAndButtHead'' glaring in disgust when the video for "Ice Ice Baby" came on and then abruptly switching channels probably sealed the deal (they would do the same thing with Music/MilliVanilli - see their entry below for further details).
* Music/FiftyCent was one of the hottest rappers of the early 21st century. His 2003 debut ''Get Rich or Die Tryin[='=]'' was one of the most popular rap albums of all time (more than 8 million albums sold in the United States alone), and thanks to his business savvy, he appeared to be on top of the world. Unfortunately, however, his rap career steadily declined not long after, thanks to both a [[BaseBreaker polarizing fan reaction]] to his second album ''The Massacre'' and his rather pretentious, over-the-top public demeanor.\\
\\
The latter in particular seriously damaged his music career in 2007, when it was revealed that Kanye West would release his third album ''Graduation'' on the same day 50 released his third album ''Curtis''. This led him to boastfully declare that if Kanye's album sold more copies than his, he would officially retire from rapping. [[TemptingFate Sure enough]], ''Graduation'' outsold ''Curtis'' by a landslide, and while 50 [[OhCrap hastily retracted his declaration]], the damage had already been done. His most recent album, 2009's ''Before I Self Destruct'', garnered mediocre reviews and just barely managed to reach Gold certification, and his follow-up ''Street King Immortal'' is stuck in DevelopmentHell. While ''Get Rich or Die Tryin[='=]'' is still highly regarded by professional critics and hip hop fans, 50 Cent is not nearly as popular as he once was, and now he seems to be concentrating more on acting than his music career.
* The same applies to 50 Cent's one-time rival, Ja Rule. After being mentored by Jay-Z on the hit song "Can I Get A..." (which was also popularized by the film ''Film/RushHour''), Ja Rule followed up with an extremely successful solo album and quickly rose to become one of hip-hop's biggest stars of the late '90s and early '00s. He would release a multi-platinum album every year from 1999 to 2002, and also started a short-lived acting career.\\
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However, his fall came swiftly and precipitously in the year 2003, primarily for two reasons. The first was the rise of the aforementioned Fifty, who was a long-time underground rival from Queens, NY and seemed to make antagonizing Ja Rule and his Murder Inc. record label the main goal of his early career. Furthermore, the fact that Ja Rule had started out with a tough GangstaRap attitude but then [[RatedGForGangsta softened his image]] over the years (by the peak of his career, he was primarily known for performing pop-oriented love ballads/duets with female R&B singers) only made his critics' attacks on him all the easier to stick. Ja Rule responded to the critics with several attack albums, but they were mostly critical and commercial disappointments and a far cry to his earlier success. By 2005, he had disappeared from the public eye, which was further compounded by the collapse of Murder Inc. due to various legal issues. He has since released a few independent albums, but the only time he has really been relevant in the news was for going to jail on a gun-possession charge.
* Another of 50 Cent and Ja Rule's contemporaries to fall victim to this was Music/{{DMX}}, who in TheNineties was once one of the best-selling artists in hip-hop. He released numerous platinum-selling albums, peaking with his MagnumOpus ''...And Then There Was X'' in 1999, which included the SignatureSong "Party Up" ([[MemeticMutation Up in here! Up in here!]]). He also collaborated with many other rappers (including legends such as Music/IceCube, Music/JayZ, Music/{{Eminem}}, and Music/{{Nas}}) and became one of the best-known examples of WolverinePublicity in hip-hop singles. And like Fifty and Ja, he briefly dabbed into an acting career as well.\\
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Unfortunately, [=DMX=] would also become infamous for his ''other'' [[IncrediblyLamePun rap sheet]] and soon found himself unable to stay out of trouble with the law as his fame rose. Although he initially was able to still sell well in spite of his legal troubles, his arrest record and jail sentences eventually took their toll in preventing him from being able to record music and by the latter half of the 2000s, he was widely regarded as a has-been laughingstock. 2008 was a particularly bad year for X when he was arrested over a dozen times for various offenses and also embarrassed himself in a [[http://www.xxlmag.com/news/2008/03/dmx-here-i-am/ bizarre interview]] in which he professed ignorance over who then-presidential candidate BarackObama was ([[ArsonMurderAndJaywalking and made fun of Obama's name]]). He attempted a bit of a comeback in 2012, releasing a new album for the first time in 6 years, but he has recently also filed for bankruptcy ([[ChronicVillainy after being arrested several more times]]), showing that he still has quite a bit to recover from.
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Specific (other genres)]]
* Liberace, the flamboyant piano player, was one of the most popular and highest paid music performers of TheFifties. He was especially popular among teenage girls who [[{{Squee}} swooned]] over him the way their big sisters used to swoon over the young FrankSinatra. His popularity extended well into TheSixties, as a pleasant alternative to [[RockAndRoll rock 'n' roll]]. Most popular non-rock music performers of the Fifties are forgotten today, but not Liberace, oh no. He's still remembered, all right... as a ridiculously {{camp}} figure, a joke on that era's cluelessness of his ''[[TransparentCloset obvious]]'' [[TransparentCloset closet homosexuality]]. If a character refers to Liberace (''[[Film/{{Superman}} Superman II]]'', ''WebVideo/YuGiOhTheAbridgedSeries''), they're AmbiguouslyGay. His fall from grace appeared complete when his Las Vegas museum closed due to waning popularity in TheNewTens.
** The fact that Liberace now has a PeripheryHatedom from the LGBT community due to him being an ArmoredClosetGay during his lifetime[[note]]And even after his death, his estate and personal physician went through great efforts to cover up his cause of death from AIDS-related complications.[[/note]] probably hasn't helped his legacy in [[ValuesDissonance contemporary times]] either.
* The entire city of [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Branson,_Missouri Branson, Missouri]], owes its existence to this trope. When Music/GarthBrooks and other younger stars took over CountryMusic in the early '90s, they brought in new fans and, more importantly, new Nashville record execs who didn't care about most of the established stars of country (although a few, like Music/RebaMcEntire and Music/GeorgeStrait, managed to cross generational lines). Almost literally overnight, singers like Charley Pride and Barbara Mandrell went from having #1 hits to not even making the charts. Branson was pretty much the only place they could get anyone to pay to see their shows. So they all just moved there and opened up theaters. As ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'' put it...
-->'''Nelson''': What ''is'' this place?
-->'''Bart''': Branson, Missouri. My dad says it's like Vegas, if it were run by Ned Flanders.
* The Darkness: They were huge in 2004, won loads of awards, album sold over a million copies in the United Kingdom alone. Then the follow-up album arrived in 2005, sold less well and the band subsequently split. Now, despite probably still having a copy of ''Permission To Land'' kicking-around, most people pretend they never liked them in the first place.
** Others did enjoy the second album, the follow-up bands Hot Leg and Stone Gods (of singer Justin Hawkins and of the rest of the band + new singer, respectively) and are looking forward to the upcoming [[http://www.iwantrock.com/the-darkness-reunion reunion]].
* The Music/SpiceGirls were one of the few British pop groups, especially after TheEighties, to successfully cross ThePond and make it big in the United States. At their peak from 1996 to 1998, they were ''everywhere''. "Wannabe" and "Spice Up Your Life" were inescapable, "Girl Power" was the slogan of a whole generation of tween girls, and the movie ''Film/SpiceWorld'' was an inexplicable blockbuster hit. [[Wiki/{{Wikipedia}} Dr. Wiki's]] article on them refers to that period of time, unironically, as [[Music/TheBeatles "Spicemania"]]. They remain the highest-selling GirlGroup of all time even after their backlash... and oh, what a backlash. By 2000 Geri Halliwell was long gone from the group, their album ''Forever'' was shaping up to be nothing short of a disappointment, and all of the remaining members were pursuing solo careers. Today, the band is chiefly remembered for its campiness and flamboyance, and its members are better known for their work and lives after the Spice Girls.
* The [[OrchestraHitTechnoBattle orchestra hit]]. A recording of same was included with the Fairlight CMI digital sampling workstation of the early 1980s, and was quickly exploited by producer Trevor Horn for Yes' ''Owner of a Lonely Heart'' and anything else Horn produced over the next few years. It became a cliche of 80s synth pop, appearing on records by Duran Duran, Pet Shop Boys and New Order. The sound was resurrected in cartoon form by the rave and acid house crowd in the early 1990s - notably by Altern-8 and The Immortals for their ''Mortal Kombat'' theme - but was killed stone dead forever by its association with 2 Unlimited. It hasn't come back since, not even ironically.
* The 90s vogue for Gregorian chants and/or New Agey music mixed in with modern instruments. Canto Gregoriano, Adiemus, Enigma and the like sold ridiculous amounts of discs back then but soon receded back into semi-obscurity.
* In 1989 and 1990, German pop duo Music/MilliVanilli was one of the biggest pop acts on the planet. Best known for their hit single "Blame It On The Rain", the group managed to sell over six million copies of their North American debut album ''Girl You Know It's True'' over the course of a few months. In February of 1990 they were awarded the Grammy Award for Best New Artist. They were on top of the world.\\
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There was just one problem, though: the duo's members, Rob Pilatus and Fabrice "Fab" Morvan, didn't actually sing their own material on the album. Over the course of 1990, after a series of onstage lip-synching mistakes (highlighted by a RepetitiveAudioGlitch) and an MTV interview in which they displayed a spectacularly poor grasp of the English language (much worse than on their album), rumors began to circulate that Pilatus and Morvan weren't the real singers. When their manager confessed in November 1990 that the rumors were true, there was a ''huge'' public backlash against the band, with 27 lawsuits demanding refunds being filed, their Grammy Award being revoked, and Arista Records deleting their music from their archives, putting them out of print (probably the highest-selling act to do so). Milli Vanilli's popularity collapsed overnight, and for the next several years they were only brought up as the butt of jokes by stand-up comedians. They would not make headlines again until 1998, when Pilatus was found dead of an apparent drug overdose in a hotel room. Morvan continues to pursue pop stardom, on his own terms, to this day.
* The Brazilian heavy metal band Music/{{Sepultura}} was one of the most popular and critically acclaimed metal bands in existence during the '90s. However, the departure of their charismatic lead vocalist (Max Cavalera), coupled with the band's perceived pandering to the NuMetal trend of that era (ironic when you consider that ''Roots'' came out a little before the Nu-Metal movement really took off), caused a rapid decline in their popularity. Today, the band is pretty much forgotten by all but a few loyal and dedicated fans, despite how popular and influential they were during the 90's.
** Their first four albums are almost universally revered among metal fans, however, and ''Chaos A.D.'' (despite being a bit of a BaseBreaker) also has many fans - some of which even consider it to be their overall best album despite the [[TheyChangedItNowItSucks stylistic shift]]. ''Roots'', on the other hand, is now remembered mostly for the nostalgia factor present among those who loved it when it came out.
* The Music/DixieChicks were among the biggest acts in CountryMusic in the late '90s and early '00s. They had an eclectic style that mixed mainstream country and bluegrass with just enough pop edge and "girl power" attitude to be cool outside the typical country demographic. Then in late 2002 and early '03, lead singer Natalie Maines got in a feud with Music/TobyKeith over his post-9/11 PatrioticFervor anthem "Courtesy of the Red, White and Blue", and later (in the weeks before the [[TheWarOnTerror invasion of Iraq]]) said in a concert that she was ashamed that then-President GeorgeWBush was from her home state of Texas.\\
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This went over ''very'' badly in the country music fandom, much of which was pro-Bush and pro-war. Overnight, country radio dropped the Chicks like a hot potato their then-current single "Travelin' Soldier" plummeted from #1, their next single went nowhere, Maines received death threats over her comment, and one station organized an event where people could bring their Dixie Chicks albums and merchandise to be [[BookBurning destroyed by a bulldozer]]. Their only subsequent album, ''Taking the Long Way'' in 2005, was largely made in response to the backlash, and while it did receive critical acclaim and go double-platinum, that was in spite of a total rejection from the country fandom and radio stations. Notably, their Accidents & Accusations Tour in 2006 was most successful in Canada and the northeastern US, two areas with a strong reputation for political liberalism, while in much of the South and "[[FlyoverCountry middle America]]" (the heart of the country fandom) many tour dates, even in major cities like UsefulNotes/{{Houston}}, were canceled due to poor sales and boycotts.\\
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Since then, the other two members, Martie Maguire and Emily Robison, formed a side project, the Court Yard Hounds, while Maines released a solo album in 2013. While they still have a fanbase in Canada and the American "blue states", it's hard to deny that they are largely gone from the American country music genre, with most people's opinions of them largely correlating to their political beliefs. Furthermore, a solid case could be made that the backlash against the Dixie Chicks (along with Music/ShaniaTwain taking a break from recording around the same time) marked the beginning of the end of "girl power" country music; in the ensuing years, LighterAndSofter artists like Music/TaylorSwift and Music/CarrieUnderwood became the most popular female country singers.
* Before performing a cover of Madonna's "Material Girl" in one of her 2009 concerts, Sarah Slean remarked that it was a song emblematic of 1980s greed and that it sounded grotesque in the era of The Great Recession.
* Music/NeilYoung's 1979 song "Hey Hey, My My (Into the Black)" was the source of the line "It's better to burn out than to fade away", which was quickly [[MemeticMutation memetically mutated]] into a popular BadassBoast and ShoutOut both in music and beyond (e.g. ''Film/{{Highlander}}''). But that ended after it was used in the suicide note of Music/KurtCobain in 1994. Since then, Neil places greater emphasis on the line "Once you're gone, you can't come back."
* While never overly popular, Anita Bryant had a notable career in music during the 1960s. Come the '70s, she became better-known as a vocal, pretentious HeteronormativeCrusader. This pretty much killed any chance of future interest in Bryant's music. Fans of her music today are extremely rare, even among elderly people, to the point where many people now are unaware that she was once a singer. Maybe she should have stuck to music...
* Country Joe and the Fish was considered one of the seminal rock groups of the 1960s, with their contributions to the psychedelic rock genre and their lyrics relating to the issues of the time (the band was even a major highlight of Woodstock). After they broke up in 1971, their music managed to date horribly and today is nothing more than a footnote of the history of rock music.
* During TheFifties, Pat Boone was one of the biggest pop performers in America. He explicitly served as TheMoralSubstitute to the edgy RockAndRoll artists of the day by singing {{Bowdlerise}}d covers of their songs, with a number of them (such as his versions of Music/LittleRichard's "Tutti Frutti" and Music/FatsDomino's "Ain't That a Shame") actually [[CoveredUp making it higher on the charts]] than the originals. Nowadays, though, the original songs serve as the FirstAndForemost versions, while his covers have faded into obscurity. When he is remembered, it's usually as a symbol of the buttoned-up cultural conservatism of '50s pop culture; the fact that he's since found steady work as a right-wing Christian commentator hasn't done much to challenge that image.
** He does have a cult following among metalheads for his album ''In a Metal Mood: No More Mr. Nice Guy'', which featured covers of classic metal songs in his big-band style. (Music/RonnieJamesDio even sang backing vocals on Boone's cover of "Holy Diver"!) Even then, though, it's chiefly an ironic fandom, akin to that of Creator/ChuckNorris.
* Related to (or, perhaps, [[GenreKiller responsible for]]) NuMetal above: Music/LimpBizkit. Around the TurnOfTheMillennium, they were one of the most popular bands in America, garnering tremendous commercial success with their 1999 album ''Significant Other'' and 2000 follow-up ''Chocolate Starfish And The Hot Dog Flavored Water''. However, the band's popularity rapidly collapsed circa 2005, and never recovered; their 2011 "comeback" ''Gold Cobra'' went mostly unnoticed and barely managed to sell 100,000 copies by year's end. Nobody really knows for certain what caused them to collapse in popularity, but there are several different theories: the spectacle they made at {{Woodstock}} '99, Fred Durst's notorious ego, the brutally negative critical reception of their 2003 flop ''Results May Vary'' (even Music/LizPhair's widely derided SelfTitledAlbum was better reviewed), and audience tastes shifting more towards the so-called [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/New_Wave_of_American_Heavy_Metal New Wave of American Heavy Metal]]. Today, the band is largely forgotten, only being mentioned in Woodstock retrospectives and as the butt of numerous Y2K jokes.
** It should be noted though that the band is doing very well [[GermansLoveDavidHasselhoff overseas,]] playing to large audiences at European festivals and selling out venues on recent tours. An American resurgence looks doubtful, though.
* Music/JustinBieber appears to be heading in this direction. He was one of the first major musicians to become a mainstream success chiefly through internet fame, having started out posting Website/YouTube videos of himself singing covers of R&B songs in the late '00s. He was a pop music sensation among teenage girls, known as [[FanCommunityNickname "Beliebers"]], and while he also had a massive Hatedom (mostly revolving around his high-pitched singing voice, his {{bish|onen}}ie appearance, and of course [[FanHater his fans themselves]]), it did little to slow his popularity.\\
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Things changed in 2012. Bieber's sales were starting to slip, and his sophomore album "Believe" sold an underwhelming 374,000 copies in its opening week and took nearly half a year to be certified platinum. Only later in the year did it become obvious what was happening. British/Irish boy band Music/OneDirection was undergoing a meteoric rise in American popularity not unlike the Beatles in 1964. A large chunk of Bieber's faithful following abandoned him to support the UK heart-throbs. Things took a turn for the worse when Bieber and One Direction were nominated against each other in a series of awards, and their fan bases had to compete against each other. One Direction won every single one of the awards, and Bieber's sales continued to slide.\\
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Over the following year, his increasing {{jerkass}} demeanor took a heavy toll on his public image and turned many of his fans against him (which benefitted the red-hot quintet even more). By the end of 2013, he was better known for his tabloid antics and his on-and-off relationship with Music/SelenaGomez than for his music and following. It's telling that his second concert film released that year was a BoxOfficeBomb compared to his first one just two years prior, which was a smash hit, and furthermore did far worse than One Direction's movie, while his album ''Journals'', released for only a limited time on iTunes, bombed both critically and commercially.\\
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In 2014, Bieber continued to be in the news for all the wrong reasons, such as egging his neighbor's house and getting arrested for DUI. Sales and profits continued to go down the drain for the Canadian singer, while One Direction continued to have huge success.
[[/folder]]
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