[[caption-width-right:350:Mishima: Author, actor, stud, samurai worshipper, [[TheLastOfTheseIsNotLikeTheOthers failed coup leader]].]]

Yukio Mishima (三島 由紀夫, ''Mishima Yukio'', real name 平岡 公威, ''Hiraoka Kimitake'', January 14, 1925 November 25, 1970) was one of the greats of post-[[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII war]] Japanese literature. A ManlyGay given to bodybuilding and Samurai worship, he unfortunately was also a Japanese ultranationalist who longed for the days of [[UsefulNotes/ImperialJapan genuine Imperial rule]] and a [[UsefulNotes/KatanasOfTheRisingSun strong Japanese military]]. And [[HarsherInHindsight curiously]], a girl he once went out with via an arranged date was Michiko Shouda... the future Empress Michiko of Japan.

Despite being mentioned as a potential nominee for the UsefulNotes/NobelPrizeInLiterature even before his fortieth birthday, he is more famous for his ill-advised attempt to incite a pro-Imperial coup against the government of Japan at a [[UsefulNotes/KaijuDefenseForce JSDF]] base in 1970, at the end of which he and his NumberTwo Masakatsu Morita committed {{Seppuku}}.

It should be noted that, technically speaking, Mishima's intended 'coup' was nonsense. By 1970, no popular movement had any pretension of overthrowing the government to resurrect a UsefulNotes/WorldWarII-era order. The American equivalent of this would be if someone addressed a random group of soldiers and announced they needed to overthrow the illegitimate government in Washington so they could properly return to their rightful position as subjects of the British Crown. [[ThanatosGambit It's very likely he knew this and it was merely a spectacle to preface his long-planned suicide.]]

In 1985, Paul Schrader (most famous for writing ''Film/TaxiDriver'') co-wrote and directed a movie based on Mishima's life, appropriately called ''Film/MishimaALifeInFourChapters''. The film earned critical accolades, despite completely tanking financially, though that's not entirely unexpected when one considers how famous [[SmallReferencePools Yukio Mishima]] is in Schrader's native [[NoExportforYou America]], and the fact that the film is IN Japanese, with subtitles.

As a final interesting note, Mishima himself made a short, silent film called ''Patriotism'' in 1966, in which [[AuthorAvatar he plays the main character]]: a disgraced military officer [[spoiler: who [[{{Foreshadowing}} graphically commits seppuku]]]].

!Works by Yukio Mishima
* ''Literature/TheSoundOfWaves''
* ''The Sea of Fertility'' tetralogy (Spring Snow, Runaway Horses, the Temple of Dawn, the Decay of the Angel)
* ''Literature/ConfessionsOfAMask''
* ''The Sailor who Fell from Grace with the Sea''
* ''Patriotism''
* ''The Temple of the Golden Pavilion''
* ''Sun and Steel''
* A series of 8 modern ''Noh'' plays. The first five below are collected in ''Five Modern Noh Plays'', trans. Donald Keene.
** ''Kantan''
** ''The Damask Drum'' (''Aya no tsuzumi'')
** ''Sotoba Komachi''
** ''The Lady Aoi'' (''Aoi no ue'')
** ''Hanjo''
** ''Dojoji'' (collected in ''Death in Midsummer: and other stories'', trans. Donald Keene)
** ''Yuya''
** ''Yoroboshi''