William Hope Hodgson (1877 1918) was an Englishman who held many careers throughout his short life: sailor, soldier, personal trainer, and so on. However, he is ''best'' remembered for his career as an author - specifically, an author of horror, fantasy and SF works, particularly the novels ''Literature/TheHouseOnTheBorderland'' and ''Literature/TheNightLand''.

At age 40, while serving in UsefulNotes/WorldWarI, he was killed by an exploding shell.

!!Works by William Hope Hodgson with their own trope page include:

* ''Literature/CarnackiTheGhostFinder''
* ''Literature/TheHouseOnTheBorderland''
* ''Literature/TheNightLand''

!!Other works by William Hope Hodgson provide examples of:

* ActionGirl / ActionMom: The ship's cook in ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"''; [[spoiler:the captain's widow too, to an extent]].
* AlienKudzu: The lichen from "The Voice In The Night".
* AllFirstPersonNarratorsWriteLikeNovelists:
** ''The Ghost Pirates''
** Averted in ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"''. The narrator is relating the story to his son, and actually tells it how you would expect someone to tell it in those circumstances; for example, there is no actual dialogue in the book itself.
* ApocalypticLog: One is found in ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"''
* CosmicHorrorStory: A notable forerunner of the genre, with ''Literature/TheHouseOnTheBorderland'' and ''Literature/TheNightLand'' especially significant.
* DamselInDistress: As well as the occasional DamselOutOfDistress.
* DeadpanSnarker: Hodgson himself in his private letters to his friends. Had he wanted to, he probably could have made a living writing comedy instead of horror and speculative fiction.
* EldritchAbomination: ''Out of the Storm'' turns the ''ocean'' into one.
* EverybodyLives: [[spoiler:''Demons of the Sea'' and ''The Thing in the Weeds'']]
* AFatherToHisMen: A recurring character type in his works.
* FramingDevice: Fond of these.
* HeAlsoDid:
** He wrote about 5 short romance stories aimed specifically at female readers.
** He also wrote numerous adventure stories that had no fantastic or supernatural elements at all.
* InnOfNoReturn: "The Inn of the Black Crow".
* LivingShip: "The Derelict" has a monstrous AttackOfTheKillerWhatever version.
* PurpleProse: Some sections of his private letters to friends are intentionally written this way for comedic effect.
* RatedMForManly: A large chunk of his output consisted of stories best classified as "Action-Horror" rather than simply "Horror"; these stories typically featured small groups of men (often experienced sailors with a fatherly, badass leader) who faced off against {{Eldritch Abomination}}s (or, in the case of ''The House on the Borderland'', it's just ''one'' man (and his faithful dog) who faces off against the horrors). Even in the yarns where they didn't win (or died), they sure didn't go down without a fight.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Different stories occupied different parts of the scale, with ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"'' being far on the idealism side and ''The House on the Borderland'' (which was a precursor to the CosmicHorrorStory) being as far on the cynicism side as a work of fiction can be. ''The Night Land'' and most of his other stories fall somewhere between the extremes of these two novels.
* SoleSurvivor: [[spoiler:''A Tropical Horror'' and ''The Ghost Pirates'']].
* StockShoutOuts: The plot concept of "The Voice in the Night" was subsequently used as a Shout Out for single-episode plots in many works, in many different media, although some of them may have been inspired by the much-expanded Japanese film version of the story, ''Film/{{Matango}}'' aka ''Attack of the Mushroom People''.
* ThematicSeries: Hodgson wrote that three of his four novels -- ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"'', ''The House on the Borderland'', and ''The Ghost Pirates'' -- made up "what, perhaps, may be termed a trilogy; for, though very different in scope, each of the three books deals with certain conceptions that have an elemental kinship".
* UrbanFantasy: A lot - but not all - of his horror/fantasy output fell under this.
* WhenTreesAttack: The first section of ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"'' involved a land full of prehensile-branched flesh-eating trees.
* YourPrincessIsInAnotherCastle: The climax of ''The Boats of the "Glen Carrig"'' initially seems to be our heroes racing against the clock as they try repair their new ship so they can escape the island before its EldritchAbomination inhabitants get another chance to attack them. Then, [[spoiler:when they're finally out to sea, the monsters suddenly reappear and board the ship, and a final battle - the ''real'' climax - ensues.]]