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[[caption-width-right:250:The man at work.]]

->''"Horror films don't create fear. They release it."''

Wesley Earl [[MeaningfulName Craven]] (born August 2, 1939) is an American film director, producer and writer, and is the creator of many iconic and genre-defining horror films. He is probably best known for his creation of Freddy Krueger, the dream-haunting villain introduced in ''Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984''. He also found great success a decade later with the movie ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'', a {{deconstruction}} of the [[SlasherMovie slasher sub-genre]] that launched a [[FollowTheLeader slew of late 90's imitation horror films]].

Born in Cleveland, Ohio, Craven was raised by a Baptist family and was reportedly a target for bullies (including one with [[NamesTheSame the same name]] as his most famous creation). After leaving home, he gained an education in English Literature, Psychology, and Writing; he then married, and started a family. His marriage ended after five years, and his children left with his ex-wife. He moved to New York, and eventually directed ''Film/TheLastHouseOnTheLeft'', followed five years later by ''Film/TheHillsHaveEyes''. The success of these movies made him a seminal name in horror cinema.

Additionally, he directed a lot of episodes of ''Series/TheTwilightZone'' in the 80's and, quite bizarrely, the {{biopic}} ''MusicOfTheHeart''. Craven joked that he went "from violence to violins" in directing a movie about a music educator played by MerylStreep.

His personal website is located [[http://www.wescraven.com/ here]].
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[[folder: Notable Films: ]]

* ''Film/TheLastHouseOnTheLeft'' (1972)
* ''Film/TheHillsHaveEyes'' (1977), and its original sequel (1985).
* ''Deadly Blessing'' (1981)
* ''Film/SwampThing'' (1982)
* ''[[Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984 A Nightmare on Elm Street]]'' (1984) and its sixth sequel, ''Film/WesCravensNewNightmare'' (1994).
* ''Film/DeadlyFriend'' (1986)
* ''Film/TheSerpentAndTheRainbow'' (1988)
* ''Film/{{Shocker}}'' (1989)
* ''Film/ThePeopleUnderTheStairs'' (1991)
* ''Film/VampireInBrooklyn'' (1995)
* ''[[Film/{{Scream 1996}} Scream]]'' (1996), and all of its respective sequels.
* ''Film/MusicOfTheHeart'' (1999) (his only PG-rated movie to date)
* ''Film/{{They}}'' (2002)
* ''Film/{{Cursed 2005}}'' (2005)
* ''Film/RedEye'' (2005)
* ''Film/MySoulToTake'' (2010)
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!Common Tropes in Craven's Work Include:
* ActionGirl: Nancy Thompson and Sidney Prescott being the most notable examples.
* AdultsAreUseless: Either that, or the adults are a serious part of the problem.
* {{Deconstruction}}: ''Film/{{Scream 1996}}'' was so successful that it made [[TheEighties the 80's]] [[SlasherMovie slasher]] [[GenreKiller impossible to take seriously anymore]]. It did however lead to a resurgence of slasher movies in the late 1990s and the 2000s, typically self-aware or at least lampshading several genre tropes.
* FamilyUnfriendlyViolence: Virtually all of his movies.
* FinalGirl: In most films, although ''Film/{{Shocker}}'' features a Final Guy.
* {{Gorn}}: ''Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984'', in particular.
* {{Now I Lay Me Down To Sleep}} - On ''Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984'', ''Film/ThePeopleUnderTheStairs'' and ''Film/MySoulToTake''.
* PostModernism: ''Film/WesCravensNewNightmare'' and the ''Franchise/{{Scream}}'' movies take this UpToEleven.
* RapeAsDrama: His characters tend to either be raped, are implied to be raped, are raped as a backstory, or are rapists themselves.
* ShoutOut: ''Film/TheLastHouseOnTheLeft'' is a loose retelling (with a SettingUpdate) of Creator/IngmarBergman's ''The Virgin Spring''.
** In one scene during ''Film/ANightmareOnElmStreet1984'', Creator/SamRaimi's ''[[Film/TheEvilDead1987 The Evil Dead]]'' is playing on a TV in the background, which itself is a ShoutOut to Sam Raimi putting a poster of Craven's ''The Hills Have Eyes'' in the background of ''The Evil Dead''.
* SlasherMovie: Two of the most famous examples, too.
* TakeThat: One of the working titles for ''The Last House on the Left'' was ''Krug & Company.'' That title and the name "Freddy Krueger" were both taken from a bully from Craven's childhood.
* TooSpicyForYogSothoth: He once walked out of ''Film/ReservoirDogs'' because the extreme violence disgusted him. Wrap your brains around THAT.
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