Victor Marie Hugo (26 February 1802 22 May 1885) is one of France's most famous writers. In the English-speaking world, he is best known for his novels ''Literature/LesMiserables'' and ''Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''.

His play ''Le roi s'amuse'' (''Theatre/TheKingAmusesHimself'') was the basis of the Verdi opera ''Theatre/{{Rigoletto}}''.

!!Works by Victor Hugo with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''
* ''Theatre/TheKingAmusesHimself''
* ''Literature/TheLastDayOfACondemnedMan''
* ''Literature/TheManWhoLaughs''
* ''Literature/LesMiserables''
* ''Literature/NinetyThree''
!!Other works by Victor Hugo provide examples of:

* ErmineCapeEffect: The play ''Ruy Blas'' was criticized for having the Queen in full regalia when she confessed her love to the eponymous character. Since it was a climax, he got away by invoking the RuleOfCool.
* GiantEyeOfDoom: In the poem "The Conscience", [[CainAndAbel Cain]] is followed everywhere by an eye.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: ''Lucrezia Borgia'', and many others
* NastyParty: ''Lucrezia Borgia''
* OlderThanTheyThink: His ''preface to Cromwell'' (a [[ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin preface to his early play]] ''Cromwell''), Hugo, by then 25 years of age, showed himself as an excellent troper. In 53 pages, he described a lot of tropes in literature and theatre to be found his time, and all the way back to Homer.
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVsCynicism: More on the cynical end especially in atmosphere in tone, even if there are kind and sympathetic characters.