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'''Victor Hugo''' (1802 1885) is one of France's most famous writers. In the English-speaking world, he is best known for his novels ''Literature/LesMiserables'' and ''Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''.

His play ''Le roi s'amuse'' was the basis of the Verdi opera ''Theatre/{{Rigoletto}}''.

!!Works by Victor Hugo with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/TheHunchbackOfNotreDame''
* ''Literature/TheLastDayOfACondemnedMan''
* ''Literature/TheManWhoLaughs''
* ''Literature/LesMiserables''
* ''Literature/{{Ninety-Three}}''
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!!Other works by Victor Hugo provide examples of:

* ErmineCapeEffect: The play ''Ruy Blas'' was criticized for having the Queen in full regalia when she confessed her love to the eponymous character. Since it was a climax, he got away by invoking the RuleOfCool.
* GiantEyeOfDoom: In the poem "The Conscience", [[CainAndAbel Cain]] is followed everywhere by an eye.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: ''Lucrezia Borgia'', ''Ninety-Three'', and many others
* HistoricalInJoke: ''Ninety-Three'', among others
* NastyParty: ''Lucrezia Borgia''
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