[[quoteright:209:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/United_Artists_3179.jpg]]

->''"The proudest name in entertainment"''\\
--Slogan of United Artists Records during [[TheSixties the 1960's]]

United Artists is a film studio from Hollywood.

The company was founded in 1919, one year after the founding of Creator/WarnerBros They stood out from the other Hollywood studios at the time for two reasons:

1. As the name "United Artists" indicates, UA was founded not by executives, but actors and directors--namely, Creator/CharlieChaplin, Douglas Fairbanks, Creator/DWGriffith, and Mary Pickford, all major names in the era's film industry.[[note]]Cowboy star William S. Hart was involved at the very beginning, [[ThePeteBest but left before the studio got off the ground]].[[/note]] The founders intended to avoid ExecutiveMeddling by taking control of their own work. To date, Creator/{{Dreamworks}} is the only other big studio formed by creators.

2. UA were never much more than backer-distributors (most other studios at the time made their own movies). Because of this, they were usually the ButtMonkey of the studio system's eight biggest studios during TheGoldenAgeOfHollywood. In fact, sometimes it was like there was [[MyFriendsAndZoidberg seven big studios and United Artists]].

This all changed with the collapse of the studio system in the 1950's. While the other studios suffered as a result of this (''especially'' RKO and MetroGoldwynMayer), UA prospered, with a system that bankrolled outside production companies, giving them more freedom than most of its other rivals wanted to. In the 1960s, this paid off with the company with releasing more hits every year, especially with the ''Film/JamesBond'' series. UA was purchased by Transamerica (an insurance company) in 1967, which they did to strengthen themselves to form a conglomerate in the veins of General Electric or RCA. This worked well for them, and soon nearly every studio was following their example (Creator/{{Disney}} was still making its own films).

United Artists was successful enough to diversify during TheFifties. The company started a TV production division in 1956. UA also launched United Artists Records in 1957; like other labels owned by film studios, it was initially an outlet for soundtrack albums, but evolved into a major name in the music industry.

Unfortunately, this idyllic lifestyle came to a screeching halt in 1980, when UA distributed ''Film/HeavensGate''. It had a big budget, but it ended up one of the most notorious [[CreatorKiller creator-killing]] failures in history. So much that Transamerica's aforementioned ambition was dashed, and they were forced to sell the studio to MetroGoldwynMayer. Meanwhile, the record label got sold to EMI.

At first, MGM treated UA as an equal in the business. However, they fell out of favor when MGM began getting their hands on other libraries left and right. They then became more of an arthouse distributor.

A comeback was anticipated in 2006, when TomCruise and Paula Wagner joined forced to revitalize UA. Unfortunately, the comeback never materialized due to a combination of MGM's financial problems and Paula Wagner's departure, and MGM has since reclaimed full ownership.

Today, like MGM, United Artists is pretty much little more than a production company, getting its films distributed by other entities.

!!United Artists films with Wiki/TVTropes pages:
[[index]]
* ''Film/TwelveAngryMen'' (1957)
* ''Film/TwentyFourHourPartyPeople''
* ''Film/TwoHundredMotels''
* ''Film/TheAfricanQueen''
* ''WesternAnimation/AllDogsGoToHeaven''
* Creator/WoodyAllen films:
** ''Film/{{Bananas}}''
** ''Film/{{Sleeper}}''
** ''Film/LoveAndDeath''
** ''Film/AnnieHall''
* ''Film/TheApartment''
* ''Film/ApocalypseNow''
* ''Literature/AroundTheWorldInEightyDays'' (1956)
* ''ComicBook/ArtSchoolConfidential''
* ''Film/BattleOfBritain''
* Music/TheBeatles' films:
** ''Film/AHardDaysNight''
** ''Film/{{Help}}''
** ''WesternAnimation/YellowSubmarine''
** ''Film/LetItBe''
* ''Film/BeingThere''
* ''Film/TheBirdcage''
* ''Film/BirdmanOfAlcatraz''
* ''Film/BrightLightsBigCity''
* ''Film/BrokenBlossoms''
* ''Film/{{Capote}}''
* ''{{Carrie}}'' (1976)
* ''Theatre/TheChildrensHour''
* ''Film/ChildsPlay''
* ''Film/ChittyChittyBangBang''
* ''Film/TheCircus''
* ''Film/CityLights''
* ''Film/ColdTurkey''
* ''Film/ComingHome''
* ''Film/{{Convoy}}''
* ''Film/{{DOA}}''
* The Film/DollarsTrilogy:
** ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars''
** ''Film/ForAFewDollarsMore''
** ''Film/TheGoodTheBadAndTheUgly''
* ''Literature/ElmerGantry''
* ''Theatre/{{Equus}}''
* ''Film/{{Exodus}}''
* ''Film/{{Fame}}''
* ''Theatre/FiddlerOnTheRoof''
* ''Film/TheFinalCountdown''
* ''Film/ForeignCorrespondent''
* ''Film/TheFortuneCookie''
* ''Theatre/AFunnyThingHappenedOnTheWayToTheForum''
* ''Film/TheGeneral''
* ''Film/TheGoldRush''
* ''ComicBook/GhostWorld''
* ''Film/TheGreatDictator''
* ''Film/TheGreatEscape''
* ''Film/TheGreatestStoryEverTold''
* ''Film/{{Hackers}}''
* ''Film/HangEmHigh''
* ''Film/HeavensGate''
* ''Film/HighNoon''
* ''Film/TheHospital''
* ''Film/HotelRwanda''
* ''Film/HotTubTimeMachine''
* ''Theatre/HowToSucceedInBusinessWithoutReallyTrying''
* ''[[Literature/AdventuresOfHuckleberryFinn Huckleberry Finn]]'' (1974 film)
* ''Film/IMarriedAWitch''
* ''Film/ImGonnaGitYouSucka''
* ''Film/InTheHeatOfTheNight''
* ''Theatre/InheritTheWind''
* ''Film/InvasionOfTheBodySnatchers'' (1978)
* ''Film/ItsAMadMadMadMadWorld''
* ''Film/JackTheGiantKiller''
* The ''Film/JamesBond'' series between 1962 and 1981 [[note]]United Artists is credited as a copyright holder on all Bond films produced to the present.[[/note]]:
** ''Film/DrNo''
** ''Film/FromRussiaWithLove''
** ''Film/{{Goldfinger}}''
** ''Film/{{Thunderball}}''
** ''Film/YouOnlyLiveTwice''
** ''Film/OnHerMajestysSecretService''
** ''Film/DiamondsAreForever''
** ''Film/LiveAndLetDie''
** ''Film/TheManWithTheGoldenGun''
** ''Film/TheSpyWhoLovedMe''
** ''Film/{{Moonraker}}''
** ''Film/ForYourEyesOnly''
* ''Film/LastTangoInParis''
* ''Film/LordLoveADuck''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLordOfTheRings'' (the 1978 animated film)
* ''Film/TheMagnificentSeven'' and its [[{{Sequelitis}} sequels]]
* ''ManOfLaMancha''
* ''Literature/TheManchurianCandidate'' (1962)
* ''Film/{{Marty}}''
* ''Film/MidnightCowboy''
* ''Film/ModernTimes''
* ''[[Literature/TheMouseThatRoared The Mouse on the Moon]]''
* ''Film/TheNightOfTheHunter''
* ''Film/{{Novecento}}'' (aka ''1900''; distributor in Australia, France and Germany)
* ''Literature/OfMiceAndMen'' (1939)
* ''Literature/OnTheBeach'' (1959)
* ''Literature/OneFlewOverTheCuckoosNest''
* ''Film/OneTwoThree''
* ''Film/OrphansOfTheStorm''
* ''Film/PathsOfGlory''
* The ''[[Franchise/ThePinkPanther Pink Panther]]'' series
* ''Literature/ThePlagueDogs'' (UK distributor)
* ''Literature/ThePrisonerOfZenda'' (1937)
* The first two ''Franchise/{{Quatermass}}'' films (US distributor, both under {{Market Based Title}}s):
** ''The Quatermass Xperiment'' (as ''The Creeping Unknown'')
** ''Quatermass II'' (as ''Enemy from Space'')
* ''Film/RagingBull''
* ''Film/RainMan''
* ''Film/RedDawn1984''
* ''Film/RedRiver''
* The ''Franchise/{{Rocky}}'' series
* ''Film/TheRussiansAreComingTheRussiansAreComing''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSecretOfNIMH''
* WesternAnimation/SillySymphonies shorts (distributor, July 1932--May 1937)
* ''Film/SinceYouWentAway''
* ''Film/SomeLikeItHot''
* ''Film/{{Stagecoach}}'' (1939)
* ''Film/SteamboatBillJr''
* ''Film/SupportYourLocalSheriff''
* ''Film/SweetSmellOfSuccess''
* ''Film/ThunderboltAndLightfoot''
* ''Film/ThingsToCome''
* ''Film/ToBeOrNotToBe'' (1942)
* ''[[Literature/TheHistoryOfTomJonesAFoundling Tom Jones]]'' (1963)
* ''Film/{{Valkyrie}}''
* ''Film/WarGames''
* ''Film/WayDownEast''
* ''Film/WestSideStory''
* ''Literature/WutheringHeights'' (1939)
[[/index]]

!!United Artists TV series with Wiki/TVTropes pages:
[[index]]
* ''Series/TheFugitive''
* ''Series/GilligansIsland''
* ''Series/ItsAboutTime''
* ''Series/MyMotherTheCar''
* ''Series/TheOuterLimits''
* ''ThePattyDukeShow''
* ''Series/TheRatPatrol''
[[/index]]

!!United Artists Records performers with Wiki/TVTropes pages:
[[index]]
* Creator/FredAstaire
* Music/ShirleyBassey
* Music/{{Buzzcocks}} (UK only)
* Music/ElectricLightOrchestra (US only)
* Music/DukeEllington
* Music/{{Hawkwind}}
* Music/TheIsleyBrothers
* Music/GeorgeJones
* Music/KennyRogers
[[/index]]
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