[[quoteright:141:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Gainax_9758.PNG]]

->''"''['''Gainaxy'?'']'' I never know what people mean when they say that. It started out to mean [[{{Gainaxing}} big, bouncy breasts]], then became [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion existentialist angst]], then became [[Anime/{{FLCL}} hyper-kinetic psycho-sexual slapstick]]. What's it mean now?"\\
"[[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann All of that, at once]]."''
->-- '''[[http://forum.rpg.net/showthread.php?t=350079#post7705763 Forum thread]]'''

Founded in 1984[[note]]The studio originally established in 1981 as Daicon Film by six former ''[[SuperDimensionFortressMacross Macross]]'' animators (Including Creator/HideakiAnno and ''VampirePrincessMiyu'' co-creators Narumi Kakinouchi and Toshiki Hirano). Gainax itself didn't come into being until December 24 1984 when Daicon Film was reformed into Gainax by Ex-Creator/{{Topcraft}} staff after said staff got to know Hideaki Anno after working on Manga/NausicaaOfTheValleyOfTheWind with him and having different views of anime then Creator/HayaoMiyazaki who stoled most of their staff when Topcraft became Creator/StudioGhibli in 1985[[/note]], [[http://www.gainax.co.jp/ Studio Gainax]] is one of the better-known {{anime}} studios, having created such series as ''Anime/NadiaTheSecretOfBlueWater'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'', ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''. Which caused the creation of terms such as {{Gainaxing}} and the GainaxEnding.

Gainax is known for impressive visuals, gripping storylines, confusing plot points, and running out of money before the series is finished. This last tendency has been a particular problem in the past; the last episodes of Gainax series tend to be [[OffModel lower in quality]] and take a lot of shortcuts. The last two episodes of ''Evangelion'' were produced when the studio had been cut off by the main sponsor, and mostly [[StockFootage reused clips from previous episodes]] with different dialogue. Still shots are frequent as well. The final episode of ''Top o Nerae!'' (also known as ''Anime/GunBuster'') is due to the black and white presentation often thrown into this bin, a common misconception as the black and white animation was actually more expensive. Thankfully, they seemed to have learned their lesson by ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' (see below).

[[http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/kerai/1098691714073.jpg A crowd picture]] for some of the many characters created by Gainax over its lifetime is available.[[note]]made by Production I.G[[/note]]

As a small note, they have a good relationship with ProductionIG, who did quite a lot of work on ''[[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion End of Evangelion]]'' and ''Anime/{{FLCL}}''. The director of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'', ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt'', and one episode of ''Anime/{{FLCL}}'' also worked with ProductionIG on ''Anime/DeadLeaves''.

They seemed to have switched to doing [[Manga/MedakaBox shonen anime with smaller budgets and routine animation, rather than the expressive style they were known for]], due to most if not all of their best animators quitting and moving to other studios like Creator/StudioTrigger and to do work for themselves.
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!!Studio Gainax has created the following:

'''Daicon Film era (pre Gainax).'''
* Two original animated introductory films for ''Daicon III'' and ''Daicon IV'', two iterations of a major {{science fiction}} convention in Japan. These were their first creations, before they had really formed the studio. Due to the truly staggering amounts of shoutouts to both anime and American science fiction in both, plus the latter using Music/ElectricLightOrchestra's song "Twilight", any release above and beyond a laserdisc version in the early '80s have been [[ScrewedByTheLawyers vetoed by pretty much every license holder.]]
[[index]]
* ''Film/AikokuSentaiDaiNippon'', a parody of the ''Franchise/SuperSentai'' series. The first of several [[{{Toku}} tokusatsu]] parodies made by them in the '80s. At this point, they weren't called Gainax yet, but Daicon Film.
[[/index]]
* ''Kaiketsu Noutenki'', a parody of ''Series/KaiketsuZubat'', made in 1982.
* ''Series/ReturnOfUltraman'', a parody of the ''Franchise/UltraSeries'' of [[NamesTheSame the same name]], featuring Creator/HideakiAnno as Ultraman!
* ''Yamata no Orochi no Gyakushu'' (''The Revenge of Yamata no Orochi''), a {{direct to video}} {{kaiju}} movie made when Gainax was still Daicon Film, featuring {{ancient astronauts}} and a giant cybernetic Yamata no Orochi. Special effects by Creator/ShinjiHiguchi.

'''Pre-Evangelion Gainax'''
[[index]]
* ''Anime/RoyalSpaceForceTheWingsOfHonneamise'', Gainax's first feature film. Like the Daicon shorts, the short pilot version of this was animated and shot on 8mm film in Hiroyuki Yamaga's garage.
* ''Top wo Nerae! (Aim for the Top!)'', a.k.a. ''Anime/GunBuster''
** There is also a sequel - ''Top wo Nerae 2!'' (a.k.a. ''Anime/DieBuster'' or ''[=GunBuster=] 2'') which was released 16 years after the original.
* ''{{Manga/Appleseed}}'' - The original 1988 {{OVA}}. Produced in cooperation with Creator/{{AIC}}.
* ''Sakyo Komatsu's Animation Theater'' - Produced in cooperation with AIC.
* ''Beat Shot!!'', a one shot OVA based on a Manga of the same name. Also produced in cooperation with AIC.
* ''Circuit no Ohkami II: Modena no Tsurugi''
* ''Anime/NadiaTheSecretOfBlueWater'', animation co-produced with GroupTAC and Korean studio Creator/SeiYoung.
* The ''VideoGame/PrincessMaker'' videogame series, which had the player take responsibility for raising an orphaned girl to adulthood.
** The anime ''Anime/PetitePrincessYucie'' was [[TheAnimeOfTheGame an adaptation]] of several of the games in the series. Also produced in cooperation with AIC.
** Gainax also released variations of the game focused around ''Evangelion'' characters, such as ''The Rei Ayanami/Shinji Ikari Raising Project''.
* ''Anime/OtakuNoVideo'', a {{mockumentary}}-style look at {{otaku}} in Japan interspersed with an animated story about the life of one budding ''Otaking'' (Otaku King), whose company is a parody of Gainax itself.
[[/index]]
** Otaking is a real person -- Toshio Okada, one of the Gainax founders, who left the studio in TheNineties for academia and now is a moderately renowned anime scholar (and an epic troll to boot).
* ''Route 20 - Galactic Airport'' - An unfinished movie based on a Manga of the same name. Originally set for 1993, the only thing ever released was a three minute trailer.

'''Golden Age Gainax'''
[[index]]
* ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', notable for its {{Deconstruction}} of the mecha genre at the time, colossal impact on Japanese pop culture, and popularization of the GainaxEnding. A co-production with Production I.G and TatsunokoProductions. Also provided assistance to the ''RebuildOfEvangelion'' movies.
* ''Koume-chan ga Iku!'' a.k.a. ''Here Comes Koume!'' - Produced in cooperation with Group TAC.
* ''Anime/{{FLCL}}''
** The OVA was rumored to have started life as something to cheer up the staff after the fear and angst storm that was ''The End of Evangelion''.
* ''Manga/KareKano''
* ''Anime/OruchubanEbichu''
* ''Manga/{{Mahoromatic}}'' - produced in cooperation with Creator/StudioShaft.
* ''Anime/AbenobashiMahouShoutengai'', a.k.a. ''Magical Shopping Arcade Abenobashi'', produced with Creator/{{Madhouse}}.
* ''Anime Tenchō'', a promotional video for Animate.
* ''Anime/ThisUglyYetBeautifulWorld'' - also produced in cooperation with Shaft.
* ''[[Anime/CuteyHoney Re: Cutie Honey]]'', a re-imagining of of [[GoNagai Go Nagai's]] classic magical girl series. Produced in association with ToeiAnimation.
* ''Manga/HeIsMyMaster'' - also produced in cooperation with Shaft.
* ''MelodyOfOblivion'' - Produced in Cooperation with JCStaff.
* ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann''
** Spectacularly avoided the studio's typical money problems; a substantial portion of the show's budget (''[[MemeticMutation 40%!]]'') was reserved for the final episodes.
* ''Shikabane Hime'', a.k.a. ''Manga/CorpsePrincess''
* ''Manga/HanamaruKindergarten''
* ''Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt''
** Allegedly created when the crew headed to a spa for a get together and got drunk while telling stories to each other. They found the ideas hilarious and used that for the show.

'''Post-Trigger Gainax'''
* ''Anime/HoukagoNoPleiades'' - A MagicalGirl collaboration between Gainax and Subaru.
* ''LightNovel/BibliothecaMysticaDeDantalian''
* ''Manga/MedakaBox''
* ''Manga/TokureiSochiDantaiStellaJogakuinKoutoukaC3Bu''
* ''Mahou Shoujo Taisen''
[[/index]]

!!The company has also done minor work in the following:
* ''Franchise/DotHack'' (Franchise Collaboration)
* ''Anime/ALetterToMomo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/AfroSamurai: Resurrection'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/AgentAika'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/AhMyGoddess: The Movie'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Akira}}'' (Animation Cooperation)
* ''VideoGame/AlisiaDragoon'' (Art and Story)
* ''Anime/AllPurposeCulturalCatGirlNukuNuku'' (Animation, OVA)
* ''Anime/AngelBeats'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/TheAnimatrix'' (In-Between Animation for Studio4C's ''Second Renaissance'' and ''Beyond'')
* ''Manga/ArpeggioOfBlueSteel'' (In-Between Animation; Digital Paint)
* ''Anime/{{Avenger}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''{{Manga/Bastard}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/TheBigO'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BlackCat'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BlackLagoon'' (Key Animation for ''Second Barrage'')
* ''Manga/BladeofTheImmortal'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/BloodTheLastVampire'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/BloodPlus'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BrokenBlade'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/BusoRenkin'' (Key Animation)
* ''Manga/TheCaseFilesOfYakushijiRyoko'' (In-Between Animation, Animation Assistance)
* ''Anime/CasshanRobotHunter'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/CodeBreaker'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/CodeGeass'' (2nd Key Animation, ''R2'' season)
* ''Manga/CromartieHighSchool'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/DeadLeaves'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''LightNovel/DirtyPair: Project Eden'' (In-Between Cooperation)
* ''LightNovel/DragonCrisis'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/EdenOfTheEast'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/EurekaSeven'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/EurekaSevenAO'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Eyeshield 21}}'' (Animation)
* ''Manga/FairyTail'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/FushigiboshiNoFutagoHime'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Gantz}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GenesisOfAquarion'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GhostHound'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GhostStories'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/GiantRobo'' (Key Animation, though Hideaki Anno and Mahiro Maeda)
* ''Manga/{{Gintama}}'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/GirlsUndPanzer'' (Photography)
* ''[[WesternAnimation/GreenLanternFirstFlight Green Lantern: First Flight]]'' (Production Assistance; Key & Assistant Animation. With StudioJungleGym, Creator/AnimeSpot & MizoPlanning, uncredited)
* ''Manga/GuiltyCrown'' (2nd Key Animation; Photography Cooperation)
* ''Anime/GunXSword'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/GunsmithCats'' (Opening Animation for the OVA, through Mahiro Maeda)
* ''Manga/{{Heroman}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/HighSchoolOfTheDead'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/HouseOfFiveLeaves'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/IGPXImmortalGrandPrix'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/InitialD'' (In-Between Animation, ''Fourth Stage'')
* ''VideoGame/JeanneDArc'' (In-Between Animation Support)
* ''Manga/{{Jormungand}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Kurokami}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/KurokoNoBasuke'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/LastExileFamTheSilverWing'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/LibraryWar'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/LittleBusters'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LupinIIIElusivenessOfTheFog'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Madox-01'' (Key Animation)
* ''{{Manga/Major}}'' (Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/MichikoToHatchin'' (In-Between Animation; Production Cooperation for episode 8)
* ''Anime/MobileFighterGGundam'' (Key Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundam00'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamCharsCounterattack'' (Mechanical Design)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitGundamUnicorn'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/MobileSuitVictoryGundam'' (Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''VideoGame/MusashiSamuraiLegend'' (animation and movie production)
* ''Manga/{{Naruto}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/NegimaSecondSeason'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/NodameCantabile'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/{{Noein}}'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/NogizakaHarukaNoHimitsu: Purezza'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/OuranHighSchoolHostClub'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/OutbreakCompany'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/PandoraHearts'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''{{Anime/Pokemon}} Movies''
** ''Anime/{{Pokemon 2000}}'' (Digital Animation Assistance)
** ''Anime/{{Pokemon 3}}'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/PokemonHeroes'' (Animation Assistance)
** ''Anime/PokemonDestinyDeoxys'' (In-Between Animation)
** ''Anime/PokemonGiratinaAndTheSkyWarrior'' (Animation Assistance)
* ''VideoGame/PrismArk'' (Production Cooperation)
* ''Anime/ProjectAKo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/RahXephon'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/RealDrive'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/RanmaOneHalf'' (Animation Assistance, [=OVAs=])
* ''Anime/RedLine'' (2nd Key Animation Cooperation)
* ''Restol, The Special Rescue Squad'' (Distribution)
* ''Anime/RobotCarnival'' (Production Cooperation)
* ''Anime/RODTheTV'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/RurouniKenshin'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''LightNovel/ShakuganNoShana'' (Key & 2nd Key Animation)
* ''Manga/SilverSpoon'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/SkyGirls'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/{{Slayers}} Great'' (Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/SoltyRei'' (Photography)
* ''Manga/SoraNoManimani'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/SpecialA'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/SpiritedAway'' (Supporting Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Spriggan}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''VisualNovel/SteinsGate'' (In-Between Animation Cooperation)
* ''Anime/StrikeWitches'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/SummerWars'' (Special Thanks)
* ''Anime/SuperDimensionCenturyOrguss 02'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfSymphonia'' (Animation Support)
* ''VideoGame/TalesOfVesperia: The First Strike'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/TekkonKinkreet'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''WesternAnimation/ThunderCats'' (Opening Animation, though Masayuki Yamaguchi)
* ''Manga/{{Tokko}}'' (Composite)
* ''LightNovel/{{Toradora}}'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''LightNovel/TrinityBlood'' (Animation)
* ''Anime/TweenyWitches: The Adventures'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/UchuuKyoudai'' (2nd Key Animation)
* ''Anime/UnGo'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/UruseiYatsura: The Final Chapter'' (Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/ValkyriaChronicles'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Anime/ValvraveTheLiberator'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/{{Working}}'' (2nd Key & In-Between Animation; Production Assistance)
* ''Anime/WolfsRain'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/TheWorldGodOnlyKnows'' (Disclaimer Illustration Cooperation)
* ''{{Manga/XxxHolic}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Manga/YoureUnderArrest'' (Animation Assistance for the OVA, In-Between Animation for the second season and Key Animation for ''Full Throttle'')
* ''Manga/{{Zetman}}'' (In-Between Animation)
* ''Zoku Manga/SayonaraZetsubouSensei'' (In-Between Animation; Production Assistance)

!! Studio Gainax provides examples of the following tropes:
* AuthorAppeal: In relationship to JapanTakesOverTheWorld, no studio (besides TMSEntertainment and Creator/StudioGhibli) has ever done it with more boldness.
* AnimationBump: Most (if not all) of their series exhibit this.
* AscendedFanboy: The studio was founded by a bunch of young anime fans.
* AsskickingPose: The BadassArmFold. Technically only used in [[Anime/GunBuster two]] [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann series]] and a [[Anime/DieBuster continuation]], it's done memorably enough to be known as the [[FanNickname Gainax Stance]] in Japan.
* DeconReconSwitch: A meta example: they made ''Anime/GunBuster'', ''Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion'', and ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' (in that order).
* DevelopmentHell
** The ''Evangelion'' Movie they, Creator/ADVFilms and Creator/{{WETA}} were supposed to make.
** They were also supposedly working on some other ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' projects which ended up in DevelopmentHell.
** Still ''nothing'' beats ''Aoki Uru'', a planned sequel to ''Anime/RoyalSpaceForceTheWingsOfHonneamise'', which supposedly started initial pre-production ''back in 1988''. So far the only output from this project seems to be a brief scenario draft and the couple of (admittedly spectacular) artbooks by Yoshiyuki Sadamoto. They still reportedly plan to make it somewhere in the future.
* FanNickname: The Gainax Pose, which is where the giant robot arms from ''Anime/GunBuster'' and ''Anime/DieBuster'' are crossed in a BadAss way (given a ShoutOut in ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' with the Super Galaxy Gurren Lagann).
* {{Fanservice}}: Tons and tons of it.
-->[[Webvideo/EvangelionAbridged "It's Gainax! Fanservice adds to our character development!"]]
* LimitedAnimation: [[UpToEleven Taken to extremes]] in the last two episodes of ''Evangelion''.
* OffModel: Episode four of ''Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann'' changed [[ArtShift its entire art style]], The fans were pissed off to say the least.
* PlayingAgainstType: Out of all the Japanese animation studios available to adapt the ''Manga/HanamaruKindergarten'' manga into a TV show, the choice of Gainax comes as something of a surprise. Then again, does Gainax even have a type? Even considering [[Anime/PantyAndStockingWithGarterbelt their]] [[Anime/GunBuster most]] [[Anime/NeonGenesisEvangelion popular]] [[Anime/TengenToppaGurrenLagann creations]], it's ''very hard'' to find an overarching theme. Blurring the line between {{Deconstruction}} and {{Reconstruction}}, somewhat thoughtful explorations of human nature, and tons and tons of [[{{Gainaxing}} big breasted women]] running, really tons of sexual humor in general. The fact that Gainax would adapt ''Manga/HanamaruKindergarten'' is itself [[MindScrew Gainaxian]]. The overaching theme of Gainax is [[MindScrew Nothing]] [[GainaxEnding makes sense]].
* {{Postmodernism}}: A staple of nearly all of their works.
* PromotedFanboy
* ShoutOut: To the brim, being a studio of [[PromotedFanboy promoted fanboys]], hency why some of their works are also filled with [[MythologyGag self-references]].
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