[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/spielberg_4933.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:Before most of you were born, his name had to be attached to the project.]]

->''"I dream for a living."''

Every so often someone emerges in a field and manages to not only revolutionize it, but do so several times. Steven Allan Spielberg (born December 18, 1946) is one of those people, with a career that has gone uninterrupted since the mid-70's. To put it simply, he is one of the most influential powers in Hollywood.

After playing with his father's 8mm camera as a kid, he enrolled in a community college with a small film program and used those connections to get work directing TV episodes (including ''Series/{{Columbo}}'') until he got his big break, a low-budget, cult hit TV film ''Film/{{Duel}}''. ''Duel'' was an expertly made, taut thriller that was such a hit on TV that he was allowed to shoot more scenes to give it a cinema release in Europe. It got him a lot of attention, enough to be brought on as the director for the film that would launch him into the stratosphere, ''Film/{{Jaws}}'', the [[UrExample first]] summer blockbuster (setting the record for highest grossing movie just before ''Franchise/StarWars: Film/ANewHope'' came out, pushing the record up even further. It remains one of the most critically acclaimed films of all time).

With basically a blank check, he followed this with benign AlienInvasion ''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind'', the 30's serial throwback ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'' (the first of the ''Franchise/IndianaJones'' films; he directed all the sequels as well) and the family favourite ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'', which became the highest grossing film of all time in its day (his ''second'' time achieving that milestone).

In 1985, he branched into directing drama, with his ultra-serious ''Film/TheColorPurple'', which was nominated for several Oscars; it would not be his last excursion into this genre.

He is also known for being a collaborator with other very popular films including ''Film/{{Poltergeist}}'' and ''Film/TheGoonies'' (a team effort with Creator/RichardDonner and Creator/ChrisColumbus). Even today he is found working in mega-blockbusters like ''Film/{{Transformers}}''.

Steven is a long time friend of Creator/GeorgeLucas, ever since they met at a film festival when both were in college (Spielberg said he was insanely jealous of Lucas' student film that eventually became ''Film/THX1138''). While their only official collaborations are ''Franchise/IndianaJones'', and to a lesser extent ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'' (Spielberg was supposed to direct ''Film/ReturnOfTheJedi'', issues with the Directors Guild of America stopped that from happening), they frequently spend time together and discuss each other's projects. Spielberg was also a frequent collaborator with Creator/StanWinston, the puppeteer and makeup virtuoso who brought the dinosaurs of ''Franchise/JurassicPark'' and the robots of ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence'' marvelously to life. He's also famously collaborated with Music/JohnWilliams, with the composer providing the scores for virtually all of Spielberg's films.

In 1994, he was a co-founder of the studio [[Creator/DreamWorks DreamWorks SKG]] alongside Creator/{{Disney}} studio chairman Jeffrey Katzenberg and record producer David Geffin. Dreamworks and Spielberg (as producer) would later go on to make the first ''VideoGame/MedalOfHonor'' video game, widely regarded as the [=PS1=]'s ''[[VideoGame/GoldenEye1997 GoldenEye]]''. He still runs [[VanityPlate Amblin]] [[Creator/AmblinEntertainment Entertainment]]. Now works on a live-action ''Film/GhostInTheShell'' adaption, a work he has said he is fond of.

Spielberg went on to make ''Film/{{Hook}}'' in 1991, and ''Film/JurassicPark'' in 1993 (his ''third'' time making the most successful movie of all time), which revolutionized the use of CG animation in film. ''Film/SchindlersList'' in the same year won the Best Picture Oscar and is treasured all over the world to this day, ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan'' won a handful of Oscars itself, and the controversial ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence'' saw him taking over directorial reins from his good friend Creator/StanleyKubrick, who died in mid-production. ''Film/CatchMeIfYouCan'' re-teamed him with Creator/TomHanks from ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan'', and became another acclaimed hit.

Spielberg has also done television work. He directed part of the pilot of ''Creator/RodSerling's Series/NightGallery'' as well as a few TV movies in addition to ''Duel'', and has produced television shows such as ''Series/AmazingStories'', ''Series/SeaQuestDSV'', ''Series/{{ER}}'', and ''Series/UnitedStatesOfTara''.

He's also delved into animation. He collaborated with Creator/DonBluth in the 1980's to produce box office successes like ''WesternAnimation/AnAmericanTail'' and ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime'', also starting his own animation studio, Creator/{{Amblimation}}, which would go on to produce the somewhat less successful ''WesternAnimation/WereBackADinosaursStory'', ''WesternAnimation/AnAmericanTail: Fievel Goes West'', and ''WesternAnimation/{{Balto}}''; it and Bluth would be spiritually replace by Katzenberg's [=DreamWorks=] Animation (he also had input in DWA's first ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' movie). He is also known as the executive producer for (and mistakenly believed to have created, thanks to InCaseYouForgotWhoWroteIt) Creator/WarnerBros Silver Age cartoons ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Animaniacs}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Freakazoid}}'', ''WesternAnimation/PinkyAndTheBrain'', and some lesser known works, such as ''WesternAnimation/{{Histeria}}!''[[note]]an educational sketch show parodying historical figures and events -- and pushing the limits of what can and can't be done on kids' TV, just like ''Animaniacs''[[/note]], ''WesternAnimation/{{Toonsylvania}}'' (one of his first animated projects when he created [=DreamWorks=] Studios), and the much-reviled ''Pinky and the Brain'' spinoff ''WesternAnimation/PinkyElmyraAndTheBrain''.

On top of everything else, he has also worked extensively with the Ride/UniversalStudios parks as a creative consultant. He helped oversee the development of both Universal Studios Florida and Islands of Adventure, as well as many attractions; including ''Ride/ETAdventure'' [[note]]which he also appears in AsHimself[[/note]], ''Ride/{{JAWS}}'', ''Ride/{{Kongfrontation}}'', ''Ride/BackToTheFutureTheRide'', ''Ride/JurassicParkRiverAdventure'', ''Ride/TheAmazingAdventuresOfSpiderMan'', ''Ride/MenInBlackAlienAttack'', ''Ride/TransformersTheRide'', and so on.

Has said that his Oscar awards pale in comparison to the honor of being selected as a bearer of the Olympic Flag in the Salt Lake City games of 2002.

He has been married to Creator/KateCapshaw since 1991, and was married to Creator/AmyIrving from 1985-1989. He has seven children: one son by Irving, two [[Music/SashaSpielberg daughter]]s and a son by Capshaw, an adopted son and daughter with Capshaw, and [[Creator/JessicaCapshaw a stepdaughter]] from Capshaw's previous marriage.

In 2018 he became the first ever director to have his total worldwide box office cross $10 billion.
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[[folder:Films]]
[[index]]
* ''Film/{{Duel}}'' (1971 made for TV movie, later released theatrically in Europe)
* ''Film/TheSugarlandExpress'' (1974)
* ''Film/{{Jaws}}'' (1975)
* ''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind'' (1977)
* ''Film/NineteenFortyOne'' (1979)
* ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'' (1981)
* ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' (1982)
* ''Film/TwilightZoneTheMovie'' (1983, "Kick The Can" segment)
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheTempleOfDoom'' (1984)
* ''Film/TheColorPurple'' (1985)
* ''Film/EmpireOfTheSun'' (1987)
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheLastCrusade'' (1989)
* ''Film/{{Always}}'' (1989)
* ''Film/{{Hook}}'' (1991)
* ''Film/JurassicPark'' (1993)
* ''Film/SchindlersList'' (1993)
* ''Film/TheLostWorldJurassicPark'' (1997)
* ''Film/{{Amistad}}'' (1997)
* ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan'' (1998)
* ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence'' (2001)
* ''Film/MinorityReport'' (2002)
* ''Film/CatchMeIfYouCan'' (2002)
* ''Film/TheTerminal'' (2003)
* ''Film/WarOfTheWorlds'' (2005)
* ''Film/{{Munich}}'' (2005)
* ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'' (2008)
* ''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfTintin: Secret of the Unicorn'' (2011)
* ''Literature/WarHorse'' (2011)
* ''Film/{{Lincoln}}'' (2012)
* ''Film/BridgeOfSpies'' (2015)
* ''Film/TheBFG'' (2016)
* ''Film/ThePost'' (2017)
* ''Film/ReadyPlayerOne2018'' (2018)
* ''Indiana Jones 5'' (2019)
* ''Theatre/WestSideStory'' (2019)
* ''ComicBook/{{Blackhawk}}'' (TBA)
[[/folder]]

[[folder:Works he didnít direct, but was involved in]]

* ''{{Film/Poltergeist}}''
* ''{{Film/Gremlins}}''
* ''Franchise/BackToTheFuture''
* ''Film/TheGoonies''
* ''Film/AnAmericanTail''
* ''Film/TheMoneyPit''
* ''{{Film/Innerspace}}''
* ''Film/WhoFramedRogerRabbit''
* ''WesternAnimation/TheLandBeforeTime''
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures''
* ''Film/JoeVersusTheVolcano''
* ''Film/CapeFear''
* ''[[WesternAnimation/WereBackADinosaursStory We're Back! A Dinosaur's Story]]''
* ''{{WesternAnimation/Animaniacs}}''
* ''Series/SeaQuestDSV''
* ''{{Series/ER}}''
* ''{{Film/Casper}}''
* ''{{Film/Balto}}''
* ''WesternAnimation/PinkyAndTheBrain''
* ''{{Film/Twister}}''
* ''Franchise/MenInBlack''
* ''{{WesternAnimation/Freakazoid}}''
* ''Film/ThePrinceOfEgypt'' (uncredited)
* ''Film/VanillaSky''
* ''Series/BandOfBrothers''
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Shrek}}'' (uncredited)
* ''Film/RoadToPerdition'' (uncredited)
* ''[[Film/RevengeOfTheSith Star Wars EPISODE III: Revenge of the Sith]]'' (uncredited)
* ''Film/MemoirsOfAGeisha''
* ''Film/FlagsOfOurFathers''
* ''Film/LettersFromIwoJima''
* ''{{Franchise/Transformers}}''
* ''Film/TheLovelyBones''
* ''Series/UnitedStatesOfTara''
* ''Film/TrueGrit''
* ''Film/Super8''
* ''Film/CowboysAndAliens''
* ''Series/TerraNova''
* ''Film/TheWolfOfWallStreet'' (uncredited [co-directed one scene])
* ''Film/{{Spielberg}}''
[[/index]]
[[/folder]]
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!!Tropes associated with Spielberg's filmography
* AdolfHitlarious: After applying it in some level on films like ''Film/NineteenFortyOne'' and the first three ''Indiana Jones'' movies, he put on record that he swore off ever using this Trope again after filming ''Film/SchindlersList'', thinking that portraying the Nazis as anything else but pure unmockable evil was just in poor taste. This is one of the various RealLifeWritesThePlot elements that forced ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'' to use Communist Russia as the BigBad.
* AssociatedComposer: All those {{leitmotif}}s you currently have [[EarWorm stuck in your head]] are composed by Music/JohnWilliams, who has scored all but two of Spielberg's films. (The sole exceptions are ''Film/BridgeOfSpies'' due to a health issue, and ''Film/TheColorPurple'', which they mutually agreed would be better served with music by Music/QuincyJones.)
* AuthorAppeal: In most of Spielberg's films, fathers or father-figures are either [[DisappearedDad absent]] or [[ParentalIssues aloof]]. [[http://voices.yahoo.com/steven-spielbergs-daddy-issues-manifested-film-1499577.html Several]] [[http://www.hollywood.com/news/movies/42791504/how-steven-spielberg-s-daddy-issues-influenced-every-film-from-e-t-to-lincoln?page=all essays]] have analyzed this as a manifestation of Steven's childhood getting projected into his art (his own [[FantasyForbiddingFather father strongly disapproved of his interest in movies]], though he admitted [[WellDoneSonGuy he was wrong after Steven's incredible success]]).
* BittersweetEnding: A good chunk of his movies have either this or happy endings, if the hero dies it will be a dignified HeroicSacrifice or be remembered in the end for what they've done.
* BrokenPedestal: An unfortunate meta-example. Despite being a well-respected filmmaker and even viewed as the benevolent BigGood of Hollywood filmmaking in general to some, even Spielberg is not above to making enemies, even those who worked with him before when it was a dream come true to them only to come crashing down, some think of him is either a creative-wise inept BadassDecay MilesGloriosus FallenHero SellOut or at worse just another BitchInSheepsClothing PrimaDonnaDirector:
** Creator/CrispinGlover had worked on Spielberg's produced work ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', but when he learned Spielberg was part of a production conspiracy against him by using his likeness without his permission and pay on TheOtherDarrin for his character George [=McFly=] in ''Film/BackToTheFuturePartII'', Glover successfully sues Spielberg that changed Screen Actors Guild privileges from that point on, while [[ThisIsUnforgivable never forgiving Spielberg for doing that in the first place]], [[KickThemWhileTheyAreDown leading him years after the lawsuit to later write]] TheReasonYouSuckSpeech critique [[KickThemWhileTheyAreDown that derides his films lacking depth and not taking risks]].
** Creator/ShiaLaBeouf started out feeling like a dream come true when working with Steven on ''Film/{{Transformers}}'', however he has gradually become disillusioned with him following his experience on ''Film/TransformersFilmSeries'' sequels, ''Film/{{Disturbia}}'', ''Film/EagleEye'' and ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull'', realizing how much of an creativity-wise inept filmmaker and SellOut he has become at that time, with the first ''Transformers'' film being the only Spielberg project he liked. He also viewed Spielberg as a failure of a human being when after the reception to ''Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull'' he gave Shia advise not to read about himself in the media, but [=LaBeouf=] felt irritated by what he perceived to be non-advice and a lack of understanding, saying "Thereís no way to not do that. For me to not read that means I need to not take part in society. The generation previous to mine didnít have the immediate response [of the internet]. If you were Creator/MarkHamill [in ''Film/StarWars''], you could lie to yourself. You could find the pockets of joy, and turn a blind eye to the shit over there." Shia also implies he blames Spielberg for one of the factors of his [[StarDerailingRole acting career going south]], [[NeverMyFault besides his own off-screen]] HairTriggerTemper NiceCharacterMeanActor antics reported by the media.
** Creator/DanHarmon of ''Series/{{Community}}'' worked with Spielberg on ''WesternAnimation/MonsterHouse'', but then following the release, he has denounced Spielberg as a moron for his ExecutiveMeddling and considered his collaboration as an OldShame.
** Subverted with Creator/BenStiller, while he accounted the time when his hero Spielberg grabbed the JerkassBall towards him and went PrimaDonnaDirector on him during the production of ''Film/EmpireOfTheSun'' when Stiller messes up and says "cut," only for Spielberg to give out an angry WhatTheHellHero lecture towards him for not being in the position of saying "cut" which only the director can say. However, that did not stop him from working on two films for Spielberg's company Creator/{{Dreamworks}}, ''Film/TheRuins'' and ''Film/TropicThunder'', later when he became an established star.
** In a reversal role, Spielberg has considered Creator/JohnLandis and Creator/MeganFox this to him, at first treating them as fellow innovators to have a healthy working relationship, only to realize their true colors. During the production of ''Film/TwilightZoneTheMovie'', Spielberg [[WeUsedToBeFriends ended his friendship]] with Landis after realizing his irresponsibility that claimed the lives of Vic Morrow and two child actors, while Landis blamed everyone for the accident, [[NeverMyFault but himself]]. You cannot blame Spielberg for falling out with Landis. Then, Fox, who had worked on the initial installments for the ''TransformersFilmSeries'', acted like an UngratefulBitch despite the films' financial success and compared Creator/MichaelBay to UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler, enough of a BerserkButton for Spielberg, especially since he is Jewish and having made movies featuring UsefulNotes/NaziGermany as the antagonistic force such as ''Film/SchindlersList'' which prompted Spielberg to stop satirizing the Nazis in future genre projects, to order Bay to fire her, leading to her career slump from that point on. Even though it became a CreatorKiller for Landis and a StarDerailingRole for Fox for their fallouts with Spielberg, it was their own fault rather then Spielberg's for their careers phasing out afterwards.
* CentralTheme: Spielberg's films touch upon several recurring themes, depending on the film. These films include coming across the extraordinary, faith, and tension of parent-child relationships (especially difficult father-son relationships)
** His family-friendly films often deal with themes of growing up, family, and feelings of wonder and the power of imagination.
* CreatorCameo: Spielberg has a brief cameo at the end of ''Film/TheBluesBrothers'', where he plays the Assessor of Cook County, Illinois (i.e. the guy they actually need to pay the $5000 bucks to save the orphanage to). He also has a small appearance in his 1972 MadeForTVMovie ''Something Evil'' (a rare non-Creator/{{Universal}} TV effort) and in ''Film/{{Gremlins}}'' as the guy driving the trolley while Billy's dad is on the phone.
* EmotionalTorque: [[http://youtu.be/kBN9jpooZoM?t=10m18s His main motivation in filmmaking]].
* {{Fanservice}}: Almost totally averted in Spielberg's works. Sexuality is usually offscreen, nudity is rarely seen, and when nudity ''is'' seen it's usually for FanDisservice, as with a murder scene in ''Munich'' or concentration camp prisoners in ''Schindler's List''.
** One of the very rare straight examples (combined with NakedPeopleAreFunny) is actually a parody of a FanDisservice scene in an earlier Spielberg film. In the opening scene of ''Film/{{Jaws}}'', a young woman goes skinny-dipping on a beach in the early hours of the morning, only to be eaten by a shark. In the opening scene of ''Film/NineteenFortyOne'', a young woman goes skinny-dipping on a beach in the early hours of the morning [[spoiler: only to be rather surprised by a surfacing Japanese submarine; unlike in the previous scene, she escapes after suffering nothing more than a NakedFreakOut.]] Bonus points because it was the same actress in both scenes.
* FirstContact: Spielberg made four films with this theme: ''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind'', ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'', * ''Film/WarOfTheWorlds'', and ''Film/IndianaJonesAndTheKingdomOfTheCrystalSkull.'' Only the third one shows the aliens as clear villains.
* GenreRoulette: He directed monster movies (''Film/{{Jaws}}'', ''Film/JurassicPark''), science fiction (''Film/CloseEncountersOfTheThirdKind'', ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'', ''Film/ArtificialIntelligence'', ''Film/MinorityReport'', ''Film/WarOfTheWorlds''), action adventure (''Franchise/IndianaJones''), comedy (''Film/NineteenFortyOne''), war drama (''Film/SchindlersList'', ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan'', ''Literature/WarHorse''), fantasy (''Film/{{Hook}}''), biopics (''Film/{{Lincoln}}''), racial drama (''Film/TheColorPurple'', ''Film/{{Amistad}}'', ''Film/{{Munich}}''), comic book movies (''WesternAnimation/TheAdventuresOfTintin''),...
* {{Gorn}}: "Gorn" might be too strong a word, but ''Schindler's List'', ''Saving Private Ryan'' and ''Munich'' don't shy away from what happens when people suffer violent deaths.
* GreyAndGrayMorality:
* GrowingUpSucks: Many of Spielberg's films thrive on innocent, naïve and escapist adventure stories, often shown from a child's point of view. Half of the time they are boyish fantasies. This has lead many movie critics to compare him to a cinematic ''Peter Pan'' character, whose films never touch upon real adult issues. Conincidentally Spielberg even made a Peter Pan film, ''Film/{{Hook}}''! The criticism has died out a little from the moment Spielberg started making more adult films such as ''Film/TheColorPurple'', ''Film/SchindlersList'', ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan'', ''Film/{{Munich}}'' and ''Film/{{Lincoln}}'', but even in these serious films you'll find lighthearted and comedic moments. Creator/TerryGilliam once (quite unfairly) criticized Spielberg for always wanted to leave his audience with ''happy endings and answers to everything.''
* HeroicSacrifice: When good people die in Spielberg's films, they often sacrifice themselves to a greater cause. See Eddie Carr in ''Film/TheLostWorldJurassicPark'', Miller in ''Film/SavingPrivateRyan''
* KidHero: Children are often cast as heroes in Spielberg's films or they are at least deemed very important to the progression of the story.
* MilitarySuperHero: In Spielberg's work soldiers are always cast as brave ordinary people one should look up to, especially if they are American. They won't be perfect people, but they always live up to their duty and do ''what is right''. There's also a strong theme in his more recent work of joining the army ''for the greater good''. In ''Film/WarOfTheWorlds'' and ''Film/{{Lincoln}}'' a youngster wants to join the army, in both occasions because he wants to do his patriotic duty and help his country out. Needless to say, in both cases the boys survive.
* TheOner: Unlike many other directors, Spielberg's oners are on the short end of the scale (averaging about 1-1:30), and he rarely calls attention to them. Many of them are more "invisible coverage" of a scene, essentially moving around actors, the camera and action to create "separate shots" but without breaking up the action. Some great examples includes Marcus and Indy's dialogue at Indy's home in ''Film/RaidersOfTheLostArk'' (1:36) or the dialogue above the ferry in ''Film/{{Jaws}}'' (1:43).
* OddFriendship: With Creator/StanleyKubrick. They were polar opposites in terms of style and tone. However, they deeply respected each others works. They would often collaborate. When Kubrick thought he couldn't deliver the film Film/AiArtificialIntelligence the way he pictured it, he gave Spielberg his blessing to direct it after his death. Spielberg made sure the film was true to Kubrick's style as possible.
* ParentalIssues: In Spielberg's work a lot of troubled father-son relations can be found or adults who don't like children. These two tropes keep reappearing in almost every film he makes.
* PatrioticFervor: Spielberg is quite proud of his home country and likes to show it in his work, especially when American soldiers fight Nazis. However he is also critical of blind patriotism as in ''1941'', racism (''Amistad, The Color Purple, Lincoln'') and the RedScare (''Bridge of Spies''), anti-immigrant attitudes (''The Terminal''), and also corruption (''The Post'').
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVsCynicism: There is a lot of optimism and wonder in his films, even in his films portraying the harsh realities of war.
* SummerBlockbuster: He invented and popularized the genre after ''Film/{{Jaws}}'' became the best-selling film of all time in 1975. He broke his own record twice with the release of ''Film/ETTheExtraTerrestrial'' (1982) and ''Film/{{Jurassic Park}}'' (1993).
* SpecialEffects: Spielberg's films are known for their technical achievements in the fields of special effects, most notably in ''E.T.'' and ''Jurassic Park''. However, they always complimented the stories and the characters instead of the other way around.
* TearJerker: Despite being a special effects innovator Spielberg is known for his emotional depth in his stories and has a great sense of CharacterDevelopment, though sometimes he is accused of taking it to [[TastesLikeDiabetes over-the-top]] levels.
* WhiteAndGrayMorality
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