[[quoteright:300:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/kubrick-100_5608.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:300:This man cares about his work. [[KubrickStare His eyes say so.]]]]

->'"When I made my first film, I think the thing [that] probably helped me the most was that it was such an unusual thing to do in the early 50s for someone to actually go and make a film. People thought it was impossible. It really is terribly easy. All anybody needs is a camera, a tape recorder, and some imagination."
-->-- '''Kubrick in an interview with East Village Eye in 1968'''

'''Stanley Kubrick''' (July 26, 1928 -- March 7, 1999) was a controversial director. [[TropesAreNotBad In a good way]]. His films spanned nearly every genre he could get his hands on -- but start in the wrong place.

Originally a New York photographer, Mr. Kubrick wormed his way into film making with little difficulty. He made documentaries, which provided him the technical skill for turning stills into real movies. He never left England during his last forty years due to a [[WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes fear of flying]].

People he had worked with have described him as [[NotGoodWithPeople acidic to others but amazingly fond of animals, particularly cats]], and very close to his wife and children. However, he treated pretty much all of the actors in his movies like crap. Some liked him anyway: Creator/MalcolmMcDowell thoroughly enjoyed working with him on ''Film/AClockworkOrange'', but was [[WhatHaveYouDoneForMeLately snubbed after shooting was complete]]. Equally abrasive individuals such as Creator/JackNicholson and Creator/RLeeErmey, however, remained friends with Kubrick until his death.

On average, however, his relationships could be defined by the making of ''Film/DoctorStrangelove''; Actors that did exactly as he said walked away with their paychecks (unless they were named Peter Sellers or R. Lee Ermey, who got to do a surprising amount of {{Improv}}). Slim Pickens [[EnforcedMethodActing was never told he was making a comedy]], implying that his character was the hero of the film, heroically delivering the bomb that ''ends the world''. Pickens was okay with it in the long run, spinning the publicity into a highly successful career. On the other hand, GeorgeCScott wanted to play General Turgidson as a dignified WellIntentionedExtremist, so Kubrick tricked him by telling him to do a few over the top takes as "practice" and that they would never be [[BlatantLies put into the real movie.]] Kubrick used all of them. Scott swore he would never work with Kubrick again.

[[OddFriendship He also had a long-time friendship with]] Creator/StevenSpielberg, and in spite of their radically different styles, the two would often have extended talks on the art of filmmaking and other subjects. Because of the England-Los Angeles time difference he would often call the latter up in the middle of the night, and the two would have conversations over the phone for ''hours''. He dismissed Spielberg's ''Film/SchindlersList'' for having a happy ending, but possibly he was miffed because he was planning to make his own film about the Holocaust and Spielberg beat him to it. After Kubrick's death Spielberg finished the last movie project that he had been working on as a token to him (although Kubrick had already pretty much given the reins of that project to Spielberg prior to his death), resulting in ''Film/AIArtificialIntelligence''.

Because of his tendency for blazingly original iconography (his background in photography really shows in his work), his films are ripe for AffectionateParody. Because his films include some of the bleakest and harshest ever made, it is completely impossible to do a cruel one.

His work, due to the controversy it has provoked, has often been VindicatedByHistory. Many of his films including ''PathsOfGlory'', ''DoctorStrangelove'', ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' and ''TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'' are now viewed as among the greatest ever made.

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'''Famous Films:'''

* ''Fear And Desire'' (1953) - his first real film, which he considered his OldShame. Kubrick and his first wife were the only crew on-set during production. Recently restored and released on video via [=BluRay=].
* ''Killer's Kiss'' (1955) - Kubrick's second wife cameos in this one.
* ''Film/TheKilling'' (1956) - the archetypal FilmNoir, famous for its Non-Linear Plot.
* ''PathsOfGlory'' (1957) - the first of two anti-war films starring Kirk Douglas. Set in WWI. The woman who would later become Kubrick's third wife (who would stay with him until his death) appears in this film. Also very underrated, Kirk Douglas once said "There's a picture that will always be good, years from now. I don't have to wait 50 years to know that; I know it now.". In 1959!
* ''Film/{{Spartacus}}'' (1960) - the second of two anti-war films starring Kirk Douglas. Set in Rome. Not really a Kubrick movie; he came in at the last minute as a favor to Mr. Douglas.
* ''Literature/{{Lolita}}'' (1962)- [[FilmOfTheBook Adaptation of the novel]]. Theoretically starred James Mason. ''Really'' starred PeterSellers.
* ''Film/DrStrangelove'' (1964) - A comedy that ends with [[KillEmAll the whole world dying]]. Starred PeterSellers in three brilliant and very different roles. Also features Sterling Hayden, AntiHero from ''The Killing''.
* ''Film/TwoThousandOneASpaceOdyssey'' (1968) - An episodic film that is probably about the evolution of man. Starred special effects wizard Douglas Trumbull and was stolen (just as Lolita was stolen by Peter Sellers) by a computer named HAL.
* ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' (1971) - A bit of the old ultraviolence. Words can not describe how controversial this was when first released.
* ''BarryLyndon'' (1975) - Just about the most detailed and beautiful period piece in movie history. Creator/MartinScorsese's personal favourite.
* ''Film/TheShining'' (1980) - Lost what made the book great, it is a great horror movie in its own right. This movie cemented Kubrick's reputation as a perfectionist.
* ''Film/FullMetalJacket'' (1987) - War movie set in Vietnam. Starred Matthew Modine as Private Joker, really starred RLeeErmey as Gunnery Sergeant Hartman.
* ''Film/EyesWideShut'' (1999) - Starring Creator/TomCruise and Creator/NicoleKidman. Has a [[BrokenBase mixed]] reputation, but its [[VindicatedByHistory not as divisive as it once was]].

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!!His movies provide examples of:

* AmbiguousDisorder: Its is now widely suspected that he may have had UsefulNotes/AspergerSyndrome or High-Functioning Autism.
* BannedInChina:
** ''Paths of Glory'' was banned in France until 1970 due to its critical and [[HollywoodHistory inaccurate]] depiction of the French Army.
** Mixed with CreatorBacklash after accusations of LifeImitatesArt: ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' was withdrawn from distribution in the UK at Kubrick's request - he did not believe it had actually inspired the crimes blamed on it, but his family received threats and saw protests staged outside their home. It remained unavailable in the UK until after Kubrick's death in 1999.
* BigApplesauce: Despite being his home, only two of his films were set there.
* BittersweetEnding: This is as happy as his films get.
** Kubrick was forced to shoot a happy ending for ''Killer's Kiss'' due to ExecutiveMeddling.
* BlackComedy: His stories often include this kind of humour as an integral and natural part of the events. ''Dr. Strangelove'' is built around it.
* BrooklynRage
* BunnyEarsLawyer: Kubrick was ungodly eccentric, but the quality and impact of his films speak for themselves.
* TheCameo: His daughter Vivian plays minor uncredited roles in four of his movies. She also wrote the soundtrack of ''Full Metal Jacket'' under the name of Abigail Mead.
* TheChessmaster: Both literally and figuratively. He once attempted to assert himself over an uncooperative GeorgeCScott by challenging him to a chess game. Scott unwisely accepted. He also tended to see his actors and staff as pieces to be placed in his compositions.
* ChildrenAreInnocent: During the filming of ''The Shining'', Kubrick didn't expose Danny Lloyd to the disturbing elements of the movie, and severely re-edited it to cut out anything scary. It got to the point where Lloyd thought he was starring in a boring drama about a family doing nothing in a hotel. A major PetTheDog moment for Kubrick, seeing how it was happening simultaneously with his treatment of Shelley Duvall...
* TheConspiracy: Kubrick's entire filmography shows a huge distrust of people and institutions.
* ControlFreak: One of the most insane perfectionists in movie history, sometimes requiring dozens of takes for very minor scenes. Very few actors got to ad-lib a single word in his movies, but the exceptions are remarkable, see ThrowItIn below.
* CreatorThumbprint: [[http://kubrickfilms.tripod.com/id35.html Bathroom scenes]], often ominous.
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Every film up to ''2001'', with the exception of ''Spartacus'' where he didn't have creative control.
* DoingItForTheArt: This was the man who converted lenses from NASA to shoot in natural candlelight in ''BarryLyndon'' looking right. Perhaps more impressive was getting an entire fleet of the Spanish army to be extras in ''Film/{{Spartacus}}''.
* EnforcedMethodActing: Invoked in many of his films.
* ExecutiveMeddling:
** ''Film/AClockworkOrange'' suffered this. It was banned in some places because censors were afraid it would incite violence. Some claim it did.
** ''Film/BarryLyndon'' almost got this when executives wanted to film to be "zanier" with more slapstick comedy and songs. Kubrick sent back with an [[CrowningMomentOfAwesome awesome]] response about how William Makepeace Thackeray (upon whose book the film is based) was known for his wit and satire but not for his zaniness, pratfalls, or musical numbers.
* TheFilmOfTheBook. Every Kubrick feature film after the first two was an adaptation of a book or short story. ''2001'' is a partial exception, as the original Arthur C. Clarke story only dealt with Heywood Floyd's trip to the Moon, and the rest of the story was written by Kubrick and Clarke in collaboration.
* HobbesWasRight
* HumansAreBastards: Kubrick's films show mankind at its worst, especially political and military institutions and organisations. A telling moment in ''Film/TwoThousandAndOneASpaceOdyssey'' is that one of the first things apeman does with his higher intelligence is bashing the head of his fellow apemans in with a huge bone.
* InsufferableGenius: Despite his perfectionist tendencies, Kubrick did not actually have much in common with this trope. He did poorly in school and even stated that his IQ was below average. However, rumor has it that his IQ is actually 200.
* KubrickStare: TropeNamer; a lot of his films used it.
* OddFriendship: Kubrick and Spielberg were polar opposites as far as film styles go. They had a close friendship and Kubrick handpicked Spielberg to direct [[Film/AIArtificialIntelligence his final film]].
* ThePerfectionist: In preparation of each new project Kubrick read every possible book about topics concerning the story that he could lay his hands on. One has to see this to believe it, because he also categorized the information in files and tried to find answers to really odd problems that seemed trivial to others. Nevertheless the end results were often staggering, with officials often wondering how on Earth he was able to get his facts and details so accurately precise? Quite amusingly, Kubrick denied being considered such.
* PetTheDog: Several. Especially during the filming of ''Film/TheShining''.
** Since the movie was Danny Lloyd's first acting job and that he was very young, Kubrick was genuinely concerned and highly protective of the child. Kubrick treated Danny's scenes like a little game, and kept him from discovering the true nature of the film. During the filming, Lloyd was under the impression that Kubrick was making a drama. He only realized the truth several years later, when he was shown a heavily edited version of the film. He did not see the uncut version of the film until he was 17 - eleven years after he had made it.
** Despite his reported abuse of Shelley Duvall on set, Kubrick spoke very highly of her ability in multiple interviews and found himself quite impressed by her performance in the finished film.
* '''PrimaDonnaDirector''': TropeCodifier. After earning his AuteurLicense, every of his movies were productions which extended for years where he controlled every tiny of detail and forced the actors to over 20 takes ''at minimum''. [[TropesAreNotBad This resulted in great films]].
* ProductionThrowback: Re-insertions of "CRM 114", originally the comunication device onboard the bombers of ''Dr. Strangelove''
* PublicDomainSoundtrack: A prominent use of classical music from ''2001'' onwards.
* ReclusiveArtist: After he went to the UK, helped by his fear of flying.
* SceneryPorn.
** Kubrick really "composed" his backgrounds. Many rooms and settings have an almost photographic quality to them. They have been carefully constructed, built or put in the frame in a way that they too become interesting to look at. Small significant and symbolic details can be spotted by the observant viewer.
** A scene in or just outside a bathroom. Or both. Involving someone breaking into the bathroom.
** Shots down long paths with parallel walls.
** Later in his career, extensive {{Steadicam}} use. Kubrick was one of the first filmmakers to really embrace the technology. Interestingly, he was also known for personally handling the camera whenever an handheld (shaky) shot was necessary. Examples are ''2001'' (when descending the ramp on the moon), and ''The Killing'', which is notable because it creates a JitterCam effect (meant to portray the chaos after a gunfight) in a ''black and white'' movie, in '''1956'''.
* ShroudedInMyth: Due to Kubrick's reluctance to talk about the hidden meanings of his films he's probably one of the most analyzed and discussed film directors of all time. There are still scenes in his work that remain mysterious and are open for interpretation.
* SignatureStyle: Very far on the cynicism side for SlidingScaleOfCynicismVersusIdealism, lots of hallways and tracking shots (he was particularly fond of the Steadicam), almost always an adaption of a book, mentally unstable protagonists, classical music ([[SoundtrackDissonance many times used for ironic effect]]), tons of black humor, the Kubrick Stare, at least one scene involving a toilet and above all meticulous attention to detail.
* SmartPeoplePlayChess: Kubrick was an avid chess player, and it forced him to be slow, methodical and deliberate with his actions, as seen in his movies.
* SoundtrackDissonance: Kubrick often used well known classical music and pop melodies and put them in an ironic new context. This has led to PopCulturalOsmosis in some cases where one can't hear the original piece without associating it with a Kubrick film instead.
* TheSpartanWay: Curiously and disconcertingly applied to filming up to Jerkass levels. Kubrick was a hardened and noted perfectionist, and the lengths he went to get the results he wanted were extreme. Jack Nicholson in particular swore off working with him after ''Film/TheShining'' because of the way he treated the cast and crew.
* ThrowItIn: Despite his reputation for being a perfectionist and retaking shots over and over, many of Kubrick's films' most iconic moments were unscripted, including:
** Much of Peter Sellers' dialogue in ''Film/DoctorStrangelove''.
** Much of R. Lee Ermey's dialogue in ''Film/FullMetalJacket''.
** The inclusion of "Singing in the Rain" in ''Film/AClockworkOrange''.
** Jack Nicholson's "Here's Johnny!" line in ''Film/TheShining'' (due to his long residence in the UK, Kubrick [[PopculturalOsmosisFailure had no idea what the line meant]] and had to be talked out of using a different shot).
* VerbalTic: A lot of the dialog in his movies [[SelfDemonstratingArticle goes... very... slowly...]] sometimes with lots of [[PunctuatedForEmphasis pauses within a line]], or more commonly, characters pausing before EVERY reply, sometimes causing a conversation of four or five lines to take nearly a minute.
* WagTheDirector:
** In a bit of EarlyInstallmentWeirdness and in a non-hostile manner during the production of ''Spartacus''. Creator/KirkDouglas fired AnthonyMann and hired Stanley Kubrick, and though directing the film made Kubrick famous, he later claimed that almost everything was really controlled by Kirk Douglas, who was also the producer. The two of them were very good friends and Kubrick did it as a favor to Douglas.
*** Although [[WeUsedToBeFriends they weren't friends by the end,]] as both tried to control the film creatively, and the picture really wasn't big enough for both of them. Douglas later went on to describe Kubrick as "a talented shit."
** Kubrick quit the production of MarlonBrando's vehicle ''One Eyed Jacks'' (1961) after it became clear that Brando wanted to direct the film himself and Kubrick would be the director in name only.
* WorthyOpponent: In chess, according to GeorgeCScott. It's why he still respected him after what Kubrick did to him in ''Strangelove''.
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