Square Enix is the result of a 2003 merger between two video game companies (Squaresoft and Enix, naturally). They are primarily known for their work on {{RPG}}s, and several of their franchises have gone on to sell millions upon millions across the world. Their merger was a huge event at the time. Squaresoft and Enix had been major rivals for years; both were known for their [=RPGs=], with Square being behind the world-dominating ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' franchise, and Enix responsible for the sales-record-smashing ''VideoGame/DragonQuest'' games. By [[RivalsTeamUp combining forces]], they created a game-industry juggernaut which is a force to be reckoned with, especially in the Japanese market.

Enix was the older of the two merging companies, and it found success earlier. Founded in 1975 as the Eidansha Boshu Service Center, it changed its name to Enix in 1982, just before it entered the video game market. In 1982, Enix held the Game Hobby Program Contest, whose ten winning entries became Enix's first published games; the winning game authors included Koichi Nakamura and Yuji Horii. Enix would remain exclusively a video game publisher and depend on the cooperation of independent developers, primarily Chunsoft (the company founded by Koichi Nakamura and Yuji Horii, now Spike Chunsoft), Heart Beat (a spinoff of Chunsoft and forerunner of Creator/GeniusSonority exclusively devoted to developing ''VideoGame/DragonQuest'' sequels and remakes), Quintet, Almanic (later known as Givro), Produce and Creator/TriAce. Enix's early games (which included some {{eroge}}) were released principally on the Japanese [[UsefulNotes/{{PC88}} NEC PC-8801]] and Fujitsu FM-7 computers. Though games such as ''The PORTOPIA Serial Murder Case'' were quite popular in Japan, ''VideoGame/{{Dragon Quest|I}}'' was Enix's first game to be released internationally, under the MarketBasedTitle ''Dragon Warrior''.

Square's early years were leaner; they began as a division of the software company Denyusha. In 1984 they released their first game, ''The Death Trap'', whose modest success led them to create a few more original games, as well as technically unimpressive ports of ''VideoGame/DragonSlayer'' for the {{UsefulNotes/MSX}} and ''VideoGame/{{Thexder}}'' for the NES. After Square Co., Ltd. became independent in 1986, they formed the Disk Operating Group (DOG) with six other computer game companies (Micro Cabin, Thinking Rabbit, Carry Lab, System Sacom, Xtalsoft, Hummingbird Soft) and published a variety of forgettable games for the Famicom Disk System, and were not doing too well when, a year and a half after ''Dragon Quest'', they released an [=RPG=] called ''VideoGame/{{Final Fantasy|I}}''...

After the merger, fans were divided on how to refer to the company, as "Square Enix" was too unwieldy. Although some tried "Squarenix", it's now almost universally referred to as "Squeenix". Square Enix has even gotten in on this with their line "Squex Toys" in Japan, and their katakana PortmanteauCoupleName スクエニ ([=SukuEni=]) has appeared in Japanese promotional screenshots as a stand in for a player name.

In 2005, Square Enix acquired Taito Corporation. Taito has mostly remained independent, retaining its games' copyright and self-publishing its games in Japan, though its parent company began to publish its games (such as ''VideoGame/SpaceInvaders Extreme'' and ''[[VideoGame/{{Arkanoid}} Arkanoid DS]]'') elsewhere (with the label "Taito - A Square Enix Company" on the cover). See the Creator/{{Taito}} page for a list of its games.

In 2009, Square Enix took over Creator/EidosInteractive (best known for ''Franchise/TombRaider'', and also published the [[PortingDisaster PC versions]] of Square's ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVII'' and ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyVIII'' as well as the first of Enix's ''VideoGame/DragonQuestMonsters'' games for the UsefulNotes/GameBoyColor in North America). Eidos was then renamed to "Square Enix Europe". Seems like a rather boring name until you look at [[{{Squee}} the word they were getting at.]]

Shortly before the start of TheNewTens, Square Enix started publishing and even developing gritty, [[{{Typecasting}} out-of-character]] shooters such as ''VideoGame/KaneAndLynch'', ''VideoGame/JustCause2'' and ''VideoGame/{{MindJack}}'', and they have been publishing the Japanese localizations of {{Creator/Activision}}'s games. It seems that their strategy for entering the Western market is to publish promising Western-developed titles-- which causes existing fans of those series some trepidation and provides [[MisBlamed a convenient scapegoat]] for perceived flaws in the final releases.

Square Enix is also a {{manga}} publisher, continued from its Enix days. Its published works include ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist'' and ''[[Manga/SixSixSixSatan 666 Satan]]'', and a variety of manga based on its video game properties. Their monthly magazines are the ''Gangan'' titles.

They're also known for having a ''very'' [[UnpleasableFanbase unpleasable fanbase]]. The article even had its own example displaying the unpleasability of their fanbase, as well as the arrant hatedom that resulted. Similar to Creator/{{Nintendo}}, they're also criticized for spinoffs and sequels of existing franchises and not coming up with new ones. This is despite all of the new [=IPs=] they develop or publish, most of which (think ''VideoGame/InfiniteUndiscovery'') were ignored, and they are then called out for ''not'' working on the next ''Franchise/FinalFantasy''. There are some exceptions, such as ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'', which actually ''wasn't'' glossed over.

Around the late 1990s and first half of the 2000s, quite a few of Square's key members left. Writer Masato Kato went freelance, as did Creator/YasunoriMitsuda and Creator/NobuoUematsu; Testuya Takahasi and a large portion of the ''VideoGame/{{Xenogears}}'' and ''VideoGame/ChronoCross'' team formed Monolith Soft, which initally was owned by Namco until they were sold to [=Nintendo=] around 2007; Kameoka Shinichi and Kouji Tsuda of the ''Mana'' series founded Brownie Brown, another first party subsidiary of Nintendo. As for Hironobu Sakaguchi, he founded Mistwalker.

Square Enix is also known for having one of the textbook examples of "[[ScapegoatCreator Quarterback Syndrome]]", in which the quarterback is Creator/TetsuyaNomura. Partly reinforced by how he had managed to misblame himself from various interviews, but it was still played straight when the InternetBackdraft of ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIII'' somehow treated him like he was the sole person involved in the game design (for the record, he only designed some of the characters and he wasn't even the art director).


!Pre-merger games:
!!Games originally published/developed by Square:
* ''VideoGame/The3DBattlesOfWorldRunner'' (published by Creator/{{Acclaim}} in the U.S. as ''3-D Worldrunner'')
* ''VideoGame/BahamutLagoon''
* ''VideoGame/TheBouncer''
* ''VideoGame/BraveFencerMusashi''
* ''VideoGame/BushidoBlade''
* ''VideoGame/ChronoTrigger''
** ''VisualNovel/RadicalDreamers''
** ''VideoGame/ChronoCross'' (Developed by a team that would later become Creator/MonolithSoft)
* ''VideoGame/{{Ehrgeiz}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Einhander}}''
* ''Franchise/FinalFantasy'' series
* ''VideoGame/FrontMission''
* ''VideoGame/HanjukuHero''
* ''Franchise/KingdomHearts'' series
* ''VideoGame/KingsKnight''
* ''VideoGame/LiveALive''
* The ''[[VideoGame/WorldOfMana Mana]]'' series (''Seiken Densetsu'' in Japan)
* ''VideoGame/ParasiteEve''
* ''VideoGame/RadRacer''
* The ''Franchise/SaGaRPG'' series
* ''VideoGame/SecretOfEvermore'' (published and developed entirely by Squaresoft USA)
* ''[[VideoGame/SuperMarioRPG Super Mario RPG: Legend of the Seven Stars]]'' (developed by Square, published by Creator/{{Nintendo}})
* ''VideoGame/ThreadsOfFate''
* ''VideoGame/{{Tobal}}'' series
* ''VideoGame/TreasureHunterG''
* ''VideoGame/TreasureOfTheRudra''
* ''VideoGame/VagrantStory''
* ''VideoGame/{{Xenogears}}'' (Developed by a team that would later become Creator/MonolithSoft)

!!Games originally published/developed by Enix:
* ''VideoGame/The7thSaga''
* ''VideoGame/ActRaiser''
* ''VideoGame/BrainLord''
* ''VideoGame/BustAGroove'' (called ''Bust-A-Move'' in Japan, but that title was given to ''[[VideoGame/BubbleBobble Puzzle Bobble]]'' in some other countries)
* ''VideoGame/DragonQuest'' series (Called ''Dragon Warrior'' in North America until the rights to that name were procured in 2005)
* ''VideoGame/EVOSearchForEden''
* ''VideoGame/GrandiaXtreme''
* ''VideoGame/IllusionOfGaia''
* ''VideoGame/ItadakiStreet'' series
* ''VideoGame/MischiefMakers''
* ''VideoGame/PaladinsQuest''
* ''VisualNovel/ThePortopiaSerialMurderCase''
* ''VideoGame/RakugakiShowtime''
* ''[[VideoGame/RobotAlchemicDrive R.A.D: Robot Alchemic Drive]]''
* ''VideoGame/{{Robotrek}}''
* ''VideoGame/SoulBlazer''
* ''VideoGame/StarOcean''
* ''VideoGame/{{Terranigma}}''
* ''VideoGame/ValkyrieProfile''
* ''VideoGame/WonderProjectJ''

!Post-merger games:
* ''VideoGame/BravelyDefault'' (co-developed with Silicon Studio)
* ''VideoGame/BravelySecond'' (co-developed with Silicon Studio)
* ''Franchise/ChaosRings'' series ([=iPhone=] and Android)
** ''VideoGame/ChaosRingsI''
** ''VideoGame/ChaosRingsOmega''
** ''VideoGame/ChaosRingsII''
* ''VideoGame/ChildrenOfZodiarcs'' (developed by Cardboard Utopia, released under the Square Enix Collective program)
* ''VideoGame/ChousokuHenkeiGyrozetter''
* ''VideoGame/{{Drakengard}}'', ''VideoGame/{{Drakengard 2}}'' and ''VideoGame/{{Drakengard 3}}'' (Developed by Cavia and Access)
* ''VideoGame/{{Drakerider}}''
* ''VideoGame/DungeonSiegeIII'' (developed by Creator/ObsidianEntertainment, franchise bought from Creator/GasPoweredGames)
* ''VideoGame/GrandiaIII''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gyromancer}}'' (collaboration with Creator/PopCapGames)
* ''VideoGame/IAmSetsuna'' (developed by Tokyo RPG Factory)
* ''VideoGame/InfiniteUndiscovery'' (the trademark and part of the copyright are held by Microsoft)
* ''VideoGame/KnightsOfTheCrystal''
* ''VideoGame/TheLastRemnant''
* ''VideoGame/LeftAlive''
* ''VideoGame/LordOfArcana''
* ''Mario Hoops 3-on-3'' (developer; published by Nintendo)
* ''VideoGame/MarioSportsMix'' (same as above)
* ''VideoGame/{{Mindjack}}''
* ''VideoGame/MurderedSoulSuspect'' (developed by Airtight Games)
* ''VideoGame/MusashiSamuraiLegend''
* ''VideoGame/NanashiNoGame''
* ''VideoGame/{{NieR}}'' (developed by Cavia)
** ''VideoGame/NierAutomata'' (co-developed by Creator/PlatinumGames and the director of the original game)
* ''VideoGame/OctopathTraveler''
* ''VideoGame/OrderOfWar''
* ''VideoGame/PopUpStory''
* ''VideoGame/ProjectSylpheed''
* ''VideoGame/RadiataStories''
* ''VideoGame/SchoolgirlStrikers''
* ''VideoGame/SigmaHarmonics''
* ''VideoGame/SINoALICE''
* ''VideoGame/SongSummoner'' ([=iPod=])
* ''VideoGame/{{Spelunker}} World'' (UsefulNotes/PlayStation4; developed by Tozai Games)[[/index]]
** ''Spelunker Party'' (PC, UsefulNotes/NintendoSwitch; same developer)[[index]]
* ''VideoGame/SupremeCommander II'' (in collaboration with GasPoweredGames)
* ''[[VideoGame/{{Thexder}} Thexter Neo]]''
* ''VisualNovel/TokyoDark'' (developed by Cherrymochi, released under the Square Enix Collective program)
* ''VideoGame/ValkyrieProfile2Silmeria''
** ''VideoGame/ValkyrieProfileCovenantOfThePlume''
* ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou''
* ''VideoGame/{{Yosumin}}''

!Online games provided by Square Enix:
* ''VideoGame/ConcertoGate''
* ''VideoGame/CrossGate''
* ''VideoGame/DragonQuestX''
* ''VideoGame/FantasyEarthZero''
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXI''
* ''VideoGame/FinalFantasyXIV''

!Games published by Eidos and its subsidiary labels:
* ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamAsylum'' (Released only for all countries except Japan)
* ''VideoGame/{{Conflict}}'' (published by former parent company [=SCi=])
* ''VideoGame/DeusEx''
** ''VideoGame/DeusExHumanRevolution''
** ''VideoGame/DeusExMankindDivided''
* ''VideoGame/FearEffect''
* ''VideoGame/{{Gex}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Hitman}}''
* ''VideoGame/JustCause''
** ''Videogame/JustCause2''
** ''VideoGame/JustCause3''
* ''VideoGame/KaneAndLynch'' (For all countries except Japan, with Part 1 published by Spike)
* ''VideoGame/LegacyOfKain''
** ''VideoGame/{{Nosgoth}}''
* ''VideoGame/LifeIsStrange'': (Although Creator/DontnodEntertainment mostly worked on the game)
** ''VideoGame/LifeIsStrangeBeforeTheStorm''
* ''VideoGame/MiniNinjas''
* ''VideoGame/ProjectSnowblind''
* ''VideoGame/{{Shellshock 2}}''
* ''VideoGame/SleepingDogs''
* ''VideoGame/{{Startopia}}''
* ''VideoGame/{{Thief 2014}}''
* ''VideoGame/TimeSplitters''
* ''Franchise/TombRaider'':
** ''Tomb Raider Trilogy'' (''[[VideoGame/TombRaiderLegend Legend]]'' + ''[[VideoGame/TombRaiderAnniversary Anniversary]]'' + ''[[VideoGame/TombRaiderUnderworld Underworld]]'')
** ''VideoGame/TombRaider2013''
** ''VideoGame/RiseOfTheTombRaider''
* ''VideoGame/TotalOverdose''
* ''VideoGame/UrbanChaos''
* ''VideoGame/UrbanChaosRiotResponse''
* ''VideoGame/{{Warzone 2100}}'' (now open-source)
* ''VideoGame/{{Whiplash}}''

!Western-developed games published by Square Enix in Japan:
* ''VideoGame/BatmanArkhamAsylum'' (Only for Japan)
* ''VideoGame/CallOfDuty'' (post-''Call of Duty 3'')
** ''VideoGame/ModernWarfare''
** ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps''
** ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyBlackOps2''
** ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyGhosts''
** ''VideoGame/CallOfDutyAdvancedWarfare''
* ''VideoGame/KaneAndLynch'' (For Kane and Lynch 2: Dead Men, only for Japan)
* ''VideoGame/{{Overwatch}}''

!Eastern-developed games published by Square Enix in Europe:
* ''VideoGame/{{Persona 4}}''

!Manga published by Square Enix's ''Gangan Comics'' imprint:
* ''Manga/AkameGaKill''
* ''Manga/BambooBlade''
* ''Manga/{{Barakamon}}''
* ''Manga/BitterVirgin''
* ''Manga/BlackButler''
* ''LightNovel/ACertainMagicalIndex''
* ''Manga/CaheDetectiveClub''
* ''Manga/TheCaseStudyOfVanitas''
* ''Manga/ChroniclesOfTheGoingHomeClub''
* ''Manga/TheComicArtistAndHisAssistants''
* ''Manga/CorpsePrincess''
* ''Manga/DailyLivesOfHighSchoolBoys''
* ''Manga/{{Dear}}''
* ''Manga/DuskMaidenOfAmnesia''
* ''Manga/FullmetalAlchemist''
* ''Anime/HareGuu''
* ''Manga/HeIsMyMaster''
* ''Manga/HeroTales''
* ''Manga/HinowaGaCrush''
* ''Manga/ImGreatPriestImhotep''
* ''LightNovel/IsItWrongToTryToPickUpGirlsInADungeon''
* ''Manga/{{Mahoraba}}''
* ''Manga/{{Megalomania}}''
* ''Manga/MonthlyGirlsNozakiKun''
* ''Manga/TheMoroseMononokean''
* ''Manga/MyBrideIsAMermaid''
* ''Manga/MythicalDetectiveLokiRagnarok''
* ''Manga/NabariNoOu''
* ''Manga/NagasareteAirantou''
* ''Anime/NatsuiroKiseki''
* ''Manga/{{Nicoichi}}''
* ''Manga/NightmareInspector''
* ''Manga/NoMatterHowILookAtItItsYouGuysFaultImNotPopular''
* ''Manga/OneWeekFriends''
* ''Manga/PandoraHearts''
* ''Anime/PaniPoniDash''
* ''Manga/SakiAchigaHen''
* ''Manga/{{Sekirei}}''
* ''Manga/SixSixSixSatan''
* ''Manga/SoulEater''
* ''Manga/{{Spiral}}''
* ''Manga/SumomomoMomomo''
* ''Manga/TentaiSenshiSunred''
* ''Manga/TheRecordOfAFallenVampire''
* ''Manga/ViolinistOfHameln''
* ''Manga/UntilDeathDoUsPart''
* ''Manga/{{Working}}''
* ''Manga/ZombieLoan''

!Miscellaneous projects:
* ''Anime/AgnisPhilosophy''

!! Tropes associated with Square Enix:

* AnimeHair: Several heroes ''and'' villains have this. In fact, many of SE's games give their characters an [[{{Anime}} anime-like]] look overall.
* ImpossiblyCoolClothes: Many games, especially the Final Fantasy'' series, feature amazing outfits that would give a {{cosplay}}er a run for his money.
* [[EasternRPG Japanese RPG]]: The company's main genre. Whichever division of [=JRPG=] they use varies from series to series.
* OneWingedAngel: The TropeNamer coming from ''Final Fantasy VII''. It's almost a requirement for every game to have a One Winged Angel. Square Enix even has its own folder on the trope page.
* OrchestralVersion: Plenty of the games' soundtracks are mixed into orchestral versions and albums, and the advent of more sophisticated sound technology has lead to several game soundtracks that are orchestral in nature.
* RivalsTeamUp: The merger between Square and Enix.
* TechDemoGame: The company has stated recently that all of their major titles were done just to show off. And it doesn't even stop there, as some of their niche titles get similar treatment.
* TooManyBelts: Common when Creator/TetsuyaNomura is the character designer of a game.
* UpdatedRerelease: The reason their NoExportForYou cases are some of the most well-known.
* {{Zipperiffic}}: Once again, when Tetsuya Nomura is the character designer. The quote of this trope's page (which comes from ''VideoGame/TheWorldEndsWithYou'') [[LampshadeHanging lampshades]] this.

''You weren't thinking of something naughty, were you? [[DevelopersRoom That's]] [[VideoGame/FinalFantasyIV right]]! It's SQUARE ENIX!''