Shirley Temple (April 23, 1928 -- February 10, 2014) is arguably the most famous child actress in film history. She was the top box office draw for four straight years, 1935-38, a record no other child star has come close to.

Her specialty: tap dancing orphans who strike it rich. Rarely do her parents actually die onscreen as in ''Bright Eyes'', which is [[WhatDoYouMeanItsForKids ironically one of her darker films]] despite the "Good Ship Lollipop" song. She was very popular during the desperate times of TheGreatDepression, but her brand of sugary goop is likely to cause [[TastesLikeDiabetes Diabetic overload]] today. So successful was the formula that 20th Century Fox changed the titular character from ''Wee Willie Winkie'' [[GenderFlip to a girl.]] Expect a [[TheCasanova suave man about town]], a [[EvilMatriarch lemon-faced aunt]], and a CoolTeacher to also make an appearance.

A triple threat at age 10, she was most often paired with Bill "Bojangles" Robinson, one of the few times that a black man got a free pass during the days of UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode (which didn't allow interracial pairings). You'd be hard-pressed to find a more winning picture of {{values dissonance}} than these two. Temple and Robinson became close friends and were considered something of a DreamTeam in their day, yet the on-screen relationship was [[UncleTomfoolery clearly not an equal one]]. Dynamic duo or capitalist tools? Your mileage may very. Poor Shirley also had a memorable blackface scene in the ''The Littlest Rebel'', a film which manages to out-cringe even Al "My Mammy in Alabammy" Jolson, one of her contemporaries.

Temple's career trailed off as she approached adulthood, partly because she wasn't offered any good roles, and possibly because audiences [[SheIsAllGrownUp weren't too comfortable]] with Shirley "Dimples" Temple being replaced with a very foxy young lady. She retired from show business at age 21. After leaving the stage, Temple entered politics, serving terms as chief of protocol and the U.S. Ambassador to both Ghana and Czechoslovakia.

Temple died at the age of 85 in February 2014.

For some reason, characters based on her tend to be {{Spoiled Brat}}s, despite Shirley not really being prone to misbehaving in films or real life. She was, however, chided by her mother for being "brattish" in 1938 when she hit Eleanor Roosevelt with a slingshot.

Be careful not to confuse her with [[Film/TheLittleRascals Darla Hood]].

!!Shirley Temple films listed on this wiki include:
* ''Film/BrightEyes'' (1934)
* ''Film/LittleMissMarker'' (1934)
* ''Film/TheLittleColonel'' (1935)
* ''Film/TheLittlestRebel'' (1935)
* ''{{Film/Dimples}}'' (1936)
* ''Film/{{Stowaway}}'' (1936)
* ''Film/WeeWillieWinkie'' (1937)
* ''[[Literature/ALittlePrincess The Little Princess]]'' (1939)
* ''Theatre/TheBlueBird'' (1940)
* ''Film/SinceYouWentAway'' (1944)
* ''Film/TheBachelorAndTheBobbySoxer'' (1947)
* ''Film/FortApache'' (1949)

!!This actress provides examples of:

* {{Blackface}}: At one point in ''The Littlest Rebel'', Shirley's character dons blackface to disguise herself as a slave. In ''Dimples'', Shirley herself doesn't wear blackface, but her character participates in a ShowWithinAShow based on ''Literature/UncleTomsCabin'' with white actors in blackface playing the black characters (Shirley's character is playing Little Eva, naturally).
* CheerfulChild: Ms. Temple's usual role.
** Shirley's mother wanted her to be able to play sassy little brats, maybe even [[EnfantTerrible Enfants Terribles]], and Shirley herself wanted to play more ActionGirl type roles, but the studio (Creator/TwentiethCenturyFox) wouldn't allow either one.
* CuteButCacophonic: A mild example: she couldnít carry a tune and her singing voice was rather mediocre, but she didnít sound much worse than your average child, and it just made her come off as adorable.
* TheDanza: In four of her early films.[[note]] Including ''Bright Eyes'', the first movie written specifically with her in mind.[[/note]]
* IfItTastesBadItMustBeGoodForYou: In ''Poor Little Rich Girl'', Temple's character, Barbara, is forced to eat spinach, and says something along the lines of this. Barbara even performs a song on the radio based around this.
* GeorgeLucasAlteredVersion: With the exception of ''The Little Princess'', all of Shirley Temple's 1930s films were shot in black-and-white. Almost all of them are available in color now. Some were colorized twice, first in the 1980s and again in the early twenty-first century. Typically, the DVD/Blu-Ray lets you choose between watching the original black-and-white version and a colorized version.
* GoshDarnItToHeck: "You mean ol' pumpkin!" She should have offered some ointment for that burn.
* HeartwarmingOrphan: She often (but not always) played these in her films.
* HoleInFlag: Her ambassadorship to Czechoslovakia coincided with the Velvet Revolution, when the country peacefully transitioned from communism to democracy. In fact, she was the second-to-last U.S. ambassador to Czechoslovakia before it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Didn't know that, did you?
* PrettyInMink: She wore a white rabbit fur coat in one movie, and that's been the most common real fur choice for girls' coats since.
* TheRedStapler: Temple set a lot of trends for girls, notably the hairstyle.
** And the first name "Shirley", which was originally a boys' name (among others, the name is given to one of Anne's sons in ''Literature/AnneOfGreenGables''). To this day, Shirley is a time capsule name dated to the peak of Temple's popularity that makes it very difficult for a woman to [[http://www.babynamewizard.com/voyager#prefix=shirley&ms=false&exact=false lie about her age]].
* RegalRinglets
* SheIsAllGrownUp: Her later films, like ''Since You Went Away'' and ''The Bachelor and the Bobbysoxer''. Audiences of the time didn't take it well.
* StrawmanPolitical: A lot of people hate her for her {{Blackface}} scene in ''Film/TheLittlestRebel'' even though she was seven at the time of filming and seven year olds, especially in that era, can only really do what adults tell them to do. There was a massive flare of {{Website/Tumblr}} hatedom at the time of her death because of her partaking in blackface.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: She was considered for the role of Dorothy in ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' before the part was given to Creator/JudyGarland. Temple was age-appropriate, while Garland was a good six years older than the Dorothy of Baum's novel.
** The reason Garland was chosen over Temple was due to the fact that, back in those days, creative talent had to sign long-term contracts with specific film studios that usually forbade them from taking work from elsewhere (penalties for moonlighting were ''harsh''). ''Oz'' was an MGM film, but Temple was signed to 20th Century Fox, who refused to release her. Also, there was the little issue of ''Oz'' being a musical and Shirley's poor singing ability.