Shirley Temple (April 23, 1928 -- February 10, 2014) is arguably the most famous child actress in film history. She was the top box office draw for four straight years, 1935-38, a record no other child star has come close to.

She was very popular during the desperate times of TheGreatDepression, but those viewing her films today are more likely to have a reaction of TastesLikeDiabetes due to most of her films being sugary goop, and ValuesDissonance, due to her blackface scene in ''The Littlest Rebel'', though the many times she was paired with Bill "Bojangles" Robinson can be considered one of the few times that a black man and a white girl could be seen on film together during the days of UsefulNotes/TheHaysCode, which didn't allow interracial pairings (especially if they were sexual and/or romantic; this one got a free pass since it was obviously platonic)

Temple's career tailed off as she approached adulthood, partly because she wasn't getting many good roles and possibly in part because audiences weren't comfortable with cute little Shirley Temple growing into a very pretty young woman. She retired from show business at age 21. After leaving the stage, Temple entered politics, serving terms as chief of protocol and the U.S. Ambassador to both Ghana and Czechoslovakia.

Temple died at the age of 85 in February 2014.

For some reason, characters based off her tend to be {{Spoiled Brat}}s, despite Shirley never really doing that in her films or real life.[[note]]She was, however, chastised by her mother for being "brattish" when she was spanked in 1938 for hitting Eleanor Roosevelt with a slingshot.[[/note]] Be careful not to confuse her with [[Film/TheLittleRascals Darla Hood]].

!!Shirley Temple films listed on this wiki include:
* ''Film/BrightEyes'' (1934)
* ''Film/TheLittleColonel'' (1935)
* ''Film/TheLittlestRebel'' (1935)
* ''{{Film/Dimples}}'' (1936)
* ''[[Literature/ALittlePrincess The Little Princess]]'' (1939)
* ''Theatre/TheBlueBird'' (1940)
* ''Film/SinceYouWentAway'' (1944)
* ''Film/TheBachelorAndTheBobbySoxer'' (1947)
* ''Film/FortApache'' (1949)

!!This actress provides examples of:

* {{Blackface}}: At one point in ''The Littlest Rebel'', Shirley's character dons blackface to disguise herself as a slave. In ''Dimples'', Shirley herself doesn't wear blackface, but her character participates in a ShowWithinAShow based on ''Literature/UncleTomsCabin'' with white actors in blackface playing the black characters (Shirley's character is playing Little Eva, naturally).
* CheerfulChild: Ms. Temple's usual role.
** Shirley's mother wanted her to be able to play sassy little brats, maybe even [[EnfantTerrible Enfants Terribles]], and Shirley herself wanted to play more ActionGirl type roles, but the studio (Creator/TwentiethCenturyFox) wouldn't allow either one.
* CuteButCacophonic: A mild example: she couldnít carry a tune and her singing voice was rather mediocre, but she didnít sound much worse than your average child, and it just made her come off as adorable.
* TheDanza: In four of her early films.[[note]] Including ''Bright Eyes'', the first movie written specifically with her in mind.[[/note]]
* IfItTastesBadItMustBeGoodForYou: In ''Poor Little Rich Girl'', Temple's character, Barbara, is forced to eat spinach, and says something along the lines of this. Barbara even performs a song on the radio based around this.
* GeorgeLucasAlteredVersion: With the exception of ''The Little Princess'', all of Shirley Temple's 1930s films were shot in black-and-white. Almost all of them are available in color now. Some were colorized twice, first in the 1980s and again in the early twenty-first century. Typically, the DVD/Blu-Ray lets you choose between watching the original black-and-white version and a colorized version.
* HeartwarmingOrphan: She often (but not always) played these in her films.
* HoleInFlag: Her ambassadorship to Czechoslovakia coincided with the Velvet Revolution, when the country peacefully transitioned from communism to democracy. In fact, she was the second-to-last U.S. ambassador to Czechoslovakia before it split into the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Didn't know that, did you?
* PrettyInMink: She wore a white rabbit fur coat in one movie, and that's been the most common real fur choice for girls' coats since.
* TheRedStapler: Temple set a lot of trends for girls, notably the hairstyle.
** And the first name "Shirley", which was originally a boys' name (among others, the name is given to one of Anne's sons in ''Literature/AnneOfGreenGables''). To this day, Shirley is a time capsule name dated to the peak of Temple's popularity that makes it very difficult for a woman to [[http://www.babynamewizard.com/voyager#prefix=shirley&ms=false&exact=false lie about her age]].
* RegalRinglets
* SheIsAllGrownUp: Her later films, like ''Since You Went Away'' and ''The Bachelor and the Bobbysoxer''. Audiences of the time didn't take it well.
* StrawmanPolitical: A lot of people hate her for her {{Blackface}} scene in ''Film/TheLittlestRebel'' even though she was seven at the time of filming and seven year olds, especially in that era, can only really do what adults tell them to do. There was a massive flare of {{Website/Tumblr}} hatedom at the time of her death because of her partaking in blackface.
* WhatCouldHaveBeen: She was considered for the role of Dorothy in ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' before the part was given to Creator/JudyGarland. Temple was age-appropriate, while Garland was a good six years older than the Dorothy of Baum's novel.
** The reason Garland was chosen over Temple was due to the fact that, back in those days, creative talent had to sign long-term contracts with specific film studios that usually forbade them from taking work from elsewhere (penalties for moonlighting were ''harsh''). ''Oz'' was an MGM film, but Temple was signed to 20th Century Fox, who refused to release her. Also, there was the little issue of ''Oz'' being a musical and Shirley's poor singing ability.