Sergio Leone (3 January 1929 30 April 1989) was an Italian film director who almost single-handedly launched (and directed the most memorable movies of) the mid-sixties/early-seventies cycle of {{Spaghetti Western}}s.

His major films:
* ''Film/AFistfulOfDollars'' -- An inspired rip-off of ''Film/{{Yojimbo}}''[[note]]which was ''itself'' an adaptation of Creator/DashiellHammett's novel ''Literature/RedHarvest''[[/note]], which [[{{Recycled In Space}} effectively transplanted]] [[Creator/AkiraKurosawa Kurosawa]]'s JidaiGeki to TheWildWest (and made Creator/ClintEastwood a star). Together with the next two, it makes up the [[Film/DollarsTrilogy "Dollars" Trilogy]].
* ''Film/ForAFewDollarsMore'' -- The sequel. It has Eastwood's "[[NoNameGiven man with no name]]" and Creator/LeeVanCleef's "man in black" as rival [[BountyHunter Bounty Hunters]] going after a [[Film/BlueVelvet Frank Booth]]-esque bad guy played by Gian Maria Volonté again. For one of them, ItsPersonal.
* ''Film/TheGoodTheBadAndTheUgly'' -- The {{Prequel}}, and one of the greatest films of the Western genre ever. GoldFever, UsefulNotes/TheAmericanCivilWar, ''lots'' of FoeYay between the VillainProtagonist and the SupportingProtagonist, and an Music/EnnioMorricone theme that has since become a StandardSnippet. Creator/LeeVanCleef plays a completely different character, this time, the BigBad.
* ''Film/OnceUponATimeInTheWest'' -- Leone's {{deconstruction}} of the entire [[TheWestern Western]] genre, including his own previous films. Best known among film buffs for its stroke-of-genius casting: Creator/CharlesBronson as another "man with no name," smoky Claudia Cardinale as the [[WesternCharacters Determined Widow]] whose fortunes drive the plot, and Creator/HenryFonda as [[PlayingAgainstType the villain]]. Best known to the rest of the world as the title that launched a thousand snowclones, including Tsui Hark's ''Film/OnceUponATimeInChina'', and Creator/RobertRodriguez's ''Film/OnceUponATimeInMexico''.
* ''Film/AFistfulOfDynamite'' -- Takes place during the Mexican Revolution in 1913, undoubtedly his most overlooked film. Suffered badly from Leone's conviction that Americans have ever used the phrase "Duck, you sucker!" (its original title).
* ''Film/MyNameIsNobody'' -- Leone's farewell to the genre he helped to create. Leone is credited as the producer, but directed several scenes himself. He also produced a follow-up, the InNameOnly sequel called ''Nobody's the Greatest'' (or ''A Genius, Two Partners, and a Dupe'').
* ''Film/OnceUponATimeInAmerica'' -- Epic gangster movie set in New York during TheRoaringTwenties. Follows the rise of four boys in the criminal underworld.