[[caption-width-right:332:[[Music/IggyAzalea First things first, I'm surrealist.]]]]

->''"The only difference between myself and a madman is that I am not mad."''

[[OverlyLongName Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dalí i Domènech, 1st Marqués de Dalí de Pubol]] (11 May 1904 23 January 1989), better known as Salvador Dalí or "the guy with crazy mustaches who painted melting clocks and elephants with giant thin legs", was a Spanish man who worked in many fields but is most renowned for his surreal paintings.

He is seen as one of the most important artists of the 20th century and is easily one of the most influential figures in the genre of surrealism, which involves painting dreamlike images which are left to the viewer to interpret as they wish.

He didn't just paint surrealism, though. [[CrazyAwesome He]] ''[[CrazyAwesome lived]]'' [[CrazyAwesome it]]. He became almost as well known for his bizarre behavior as his paintings, and may be largely responsible for the belief that artistic genius comes with insanity (see the page quote for his thoughts on the matter).
!! Dali's work provides examples of:
* BadassMustache: Without a doubt, his most distinctive physical feature. There was a whole book of photos of him with extra-crazy mustaches.
** He claimed it was a pair of antennae he used to pick up ideas.
** When he appeared on ''What's My Line'', the winner made sure it was him by asking if he had a distinctive mustache.
** It was discovered to still be intact when his body was exhumed to test a paternity claim in 2017.[[note]]It was negative.[[/note]]
* BerserkButton: Dalí was a notorious perfectionist, such that he once smashed apart one of his art projects displayed in a window ''just because some tiny adjustments had been made to it''.
* BookDumb: Subverted. Dalí would rather daydream than pay attention, to the point where he could neither read nor write after his first year. After his father Salvador Dalí i Cusí started encouraging his son's love of art, Salvador began getting better grades.
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: Many people thought he was insane. He cultivated this image to the press, though.
* CoolPet:
** He had a pet [[http://25.media.tumblr.com/tumblr_lxeyveFHc21qcpgr3o1_500.jpg ocelot]] named "Babou."
** And a pet [[http://cdn1.sbnation.com/imported_assets/327357/dali_anteater.jpg anteater]].
* ExactlyWhatItSaysOnTheTin: Sometimes he gave his paintings ridiculously specific titles, like "Face of Creator/MaeWest Which May Be Used as an Apartment" or "Slave Market with the Disappearing Bust of Creator/{{Voltaire}}".
* EyeScream: A famous example in the film ''Film/UnChienAndalou,'' in which he collaborated with similarly surrealist director [[Creator/LuisBunuel Luis Buñuel]]. The effect of a human eye being sliced with a razor blade was replicated with a cow's.
* GRatedDrug: One of Dalí's claims was that he ate a large quantity of Camembert cheese to give himself vivid dreams to serve as inspiration for his paintings. It's unknown whether or not he actually did so, and it's also unknown whether or not this would work, wouldn't work, or would work due to the PlaceboEffect.
** His famous "The Persistence of Memory" was inspired by deliberately sleep-depriving himself, and letting disorientation do the rest.
* HitlerAteSugar: Fell victim to this a little, mainly because he was fascinated by [[UsefulNotes/AdolfHitler Hitler]] (but didn't actually support him).
* IAmTheNoun: His legendary "I ''am'' drugs" line.
* IfItsYouItsOkay: Subverted, with his friendship with Creator/FedericoGarciaLorca. According to Dalí's account, Lorca was madly in love with him. Dalí claimed they even tried to have sex one time but had to stop because "it hurt too much."
* LongTitle: He sometimes gave his paintings titles like this, such as "Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening" or "Creator/ShirleyTemple, The Youngest, Most Sacred Monster of the Cinema in Her Time".
* MadArtist: Does this ''really'' need any explanation?
** ''Film/UnChienAndalou'' was deliberately designed to offend and anger the audience into attacking him - to the point that he carried rocks in his pockets to defend himself after the premiere - and he was deeply disappointed when that was not the case.
* MindScrew: As if the inherent weirdness of his paintings wasn't enough, many of them also employ perspective tricks and optical illusions, so you get different images depending on how far you are from them and what angle you view them at. He gave himself sleeping problems to "help" his creative process. He usually slept in an armchair holding a spoon over a metal plate; that way, as soon as he had slept enough to relax his muscles, he would wake himself up. He claimed that this prevented him from dreaming while asleep, which forced his mind to dream while he was awake...
* NobleBigot: For all his sensible artistic finesse, Dalí was an outspoken sexist, up to the point where he told a woman at the dinner table that he didn't want to even see her art because of her gender.
* TheRival: Creator/PabloPicasso, certainly in terms of fame.
* RuleAbidingRebel: Despite being the ''quintessential'' surrealist in terms of his paintings, Dali was politically conservative and claimed to be Catholic. This naturally irritated his fellow surrealists like Creator/LuisBunuel and Andre Breton who regarded him as a sell-out. Breton later noted that Salvador Dali was "[[SignificantAnagram Avida Dollars]]" ("Greedy for Money").
* ShapedLikeItself: The page quote.
* {{Sequel}}: His famous "Persistence of Memory" picture had a follow-up after [=WW2=], ''The Disintegration of the Persistence of Memory'', which shows everything shattering into pixel-like fragments, which was meant to represent the impact of the theory of relativity and the atom bomb upon perception, splitting apart the flowing picture of time, space, and matter into discrete, quantified units.
* SurrealHorror: A ''lot'' of his works fall into this territory.
* TarotMotifs: He provided illustrations for a 72 card Tarot deck. Naturally "The Magician" was a self-portrait.
* ThirdPersonPerson: At times.
* {{Troll}}: His intention for ''Film/UnChienAndalou'' (see MadArtist).
* TheTysonZone
* WhatDoYouMeanItWasntMadeOnDrugs: In-universe. He famously declared, "I don't do drugs. I ''am'' drugs."
* WorldOfChaos: Most of his paintings are set there, and helped inspire many later uses of the trope.

!!Salvador Dali in popular culture:
* Music/FrankZappa lists him as one of his influences in his ''Music/FreakOut'' album liner notes.
* The instrumental "Dali's Car" from Music/CaptainBeefheart's ''Music/TroutMaskReplica'' was inspired after the band went to an exhibition with Dali's work.
* Dali's painting "The Temptation of St. Anthony" was used on the album cover of Music/JohnZorn's "On the Torment of Saints, the Casting of Spells and the Evocation of Spirits" (2013).
* Creator/AdrienBrody plays him in ''Film/MidnightInParis''.
* In [[Music/{{OFWGKTA}} Tyler, the Creator]]'s song "Fin", he mentions Dali as one of his influences.