[[quoteright:350:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/Rudyard_Kipling_from_John_Palmer_4988.jpg]]

->''If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue''
->''Or walk with kings, nor lose the common touch''
->''If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you''
->''If all men count with you, but none too much''
->''If you can fill the unforgiving minute''
->''With sixty seconds worth of distance run''
->''Yours is the Earth, and everything that's in it''
->''And, which is more, you'll be a man, my son.''
-->--'''If...'''

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (1865-1936) is an English writer and Nobel prize winner, born in India. These days Kipling is perhaps best known as the creator of Mowgli, star of ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', though he wrote many other stories.

Many of Kipling's works, including ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', are set in British India, and popularised most of the associated tropes. His other works include some early ScienceFiction, while his literary style, particularly indirect exposition, was a significant influence on Campbell, Creator/BertoltBrecht and Creator/RobertAHeinlein.


'''Kipling's stories include:'''

* ''TheManWhoWouldBeKing''
* ''Literature/TheJungleBook'', introduced Mowgli
* ''Literature/CaptainsCourageous''
* ''Literature/StalkyAndCo''
* ''Literature/{{Kim}}'', novel capping Kipling's India stories.
* ''Puck of Pook's Hill'' and the sequel, ''Rewards and Fairies''.
* "With the Night Mail" and "As Easy as ABC," SF involving {{Cool Airship}}s run by the [[FunWithAcronyms Aerial Board of Control]].
* The ''Literature/JustSoStories'', tales written for his children based on Eastern and African myths and folktales.

'''Poems include:'''

* "The White Man's Burden"
* "If--" ("If you can keep your head when all about you / Are losing theirs and blaming it on you" -- one of his most famous poems, much quoted. A portion of the poem can be seen by players entering Centre Court at Main/{{Wimbledon}}.)
* "My Boy Jack"
* "The Female Of The Species"
* "The Thousandth Man"
* "Recessional"
* "Literature/TheThreeDecker"
* "Gunga Din" (from ''The Barrack-Room Ballads'')

He lost a son in Main/WorldWarOne and was responsible for choosing two of the common phrases associated with Remembrance in the UK: "Their Name Liveth For Evermore" and "Known Unto God" (on the graves of Unknown Soldiers). And... referred to it in DoubleEntendre of all ways:
---> If any question why we died,
---> Tell them, because our fathers lied.
---> -- ''Epitaphs of the War'', "Common Form"

Poems from Kipling, sometimes set to music, are popular references in any military fiction or SciFi; the fans of the latter have a tradition of using Kipling's poems as '[[FilkSong Found Filk]]', especially Leslie Fish and Joe Bethancourt, who released an album (''Our Fathers of Old'') of Kipling derived or influenced songs.

----
!!Kipling's work includes the TropeNamer of:

* JustSoStory
* MoreDeadlyThanTheMale ("The Female of the Species" poem)
* TheVamp: [[http://www.online-literature.com/donne/921/ "The Vampire"]]
* WhiteMansBurden

!!Kipling's works with their own trope pages include:

* ''Literature/CaptainsCourageous''
* ''Literature/TheJungleBook''
* ''Literature/JustSoStories''
* ''Literature/{{Kim}}''
* ''Literature/StalkyAndCo''

!!Other works by Kipling provide examples of:
* AfterActionHealingDrama: "The Married Man" -- is more conscientous about saving your life here than the bachelor would be.
* AlasPoorYorick
** The ending of ''The Man Who Would Be King''.
** A rather... unconventional scene in ''The Ballad of Boh Da Thone''.
* AllBeerIsAle: Apparently averted in ''Literature/PuckOfPooksHill'', where Hal o' the Draft asserts that "Turkeys, heresy, hops and beer/Came into England all in one year."
* AlternateCharacterInterpretation: A common trick [[{{in-universe}} of Kipling's]] was to follow up a short story with a poem looking at it from the point of view of a secondary character or villain. The results can be startlingly different -- compare 'The Knife and the Naked Chalk' to 'The Song of the Men's Side'.
* {{Astrologer}}: His poem "An Astrologer's song".
* AuthorTract. Be grateful for the common workers and soldiers that hold the empire together, not least the soldiers who, just before Kipling's time had been looked down upon by middle-class British.
-->''For it's tommy this and tommy that and shuck him out the brute''
-->''But it's savior of his country when the guns begin to shoot''
* AwfulTruth: "The Prayer Of Miriam Cohen"
* BadassCreed: For Indian postmen in "The Overland Mail":
-->Is the torrent in spate? He must ford it or swim.\\
Has the rain wrecked the road? He must climb by the cliff.\\
Does the tempest cry halt? What are tempests to him?\\
The service admits not a "but" or and "if."\\
While the breath's in his mouth, he must bear without fail,\\
In the Name of the Empress, the Overland Mail.
* BadCopIncompetentCop: Not much, but... one meets CoolAndUnusualPunishment in ''Steam Tactics''.
* BadLiar: The weather in "Danny Deever" is -- odd.
* BegoneBribe: Warned against in "The Dane-Geld"
* BoldExplorer: His poem "The Explorer" is basically an analysis of this trope.
* ColdIron: In "Cold Iron"
* CreatorBreakdown: Kipling was an ardent imperialist. Then his only son died in WorldWarOne, after dad had pulled some strings to get him into the service when medical conditions might otherwise have kept him out. His "Epitaphs of War" afterwards were extremely bitter about the nature of the conflict, including the famous "our fathers lied" segment.
** Not to mention:
--->''I could not dig, I dared not rob;''
--->''Therefore I lied to please the mob.''
--->''Now all my lies are proved untrue''
--->''And I must face the men I slew.''
--->''[[MyGodWhatHaveIDone What tale shall serve me here among]]''
--->''[[MyGodWhatHaveIDone Mine angry and defrauded young?]]''
* CultureClash: Several of his short stories are jokes about this.
* {{Defictionalization}}: Some of the dialect of [[BritsWithBattleships the British Army]] was actually made up by Kipling. Originally it was a device to give the atmosphere of how soldiers talked without using the words [[MoralGuardians soldiers actually used]]. In WorldWarI a lot of boys entered the army brought up on Kipling and imported the dialect they thought was "soldierly".
* {{Discussed Trope}}s: Lots of. E.g.
** {{Demonization}}
---> What is the sense of 'ating those
---> 'Oom you are paid to kill?
* DontYouDarePityMe: "[[http://www.poetryloverspage.com/poets/kipling/comforters.html The Comforters]]".
-->So, when thine own dark hour shall fall,\\
Unchallenged canst thou say:\\
"I never worried ''you'' at all,\\
For God's sake go away!"
* FramingDevice: Kipling makes extensive and careful use of framing devices in his short stories and narrative verse, sometimes doubly framing stories (a story within a story within a story).
* FunnyForeigner: Played with in nearly every way possible.
* GentlemenRankers: The poem "Gentlemen-Rankers" (arguably the trope namer, almost certainly the source of the term's widespread recognition) is a lament written from the perspective of a gentleman-ranker in India, detailing his feelings of detachment and despair.
* GodGuise: ''The Man Who Would Be King''.
* GreedyJew: Subverted in ''The Treasure and the Law''.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: The gist of [[http://www.poemhunter.com/poem/the-thousandth-man "The Thousandth Man".]]
* KnightInSourArmor: The protagonist of ''Tommy''. Also a DeadpanSnarker.
* LockedOutOfTheLoop: "Marklake Witches" plays with the trope by having it narrated by the character who's locked out of the loop -- and who, at the close of the story, still hasn't realised there's a secret being kept from her, let alone learned what it is. Recognising that her various moments of bemusement are connected, and figuring out the nature of the connection, is left as an exercise for the reader, and if achieved alters the tone of the story significantly.
* LooseLips / YouDidntSeeThat: That's what ''[[http://www.kipling.org.uk/poems_kingsjest.htm The Ballad of the King's Jest]]'' plot is about, as applied to the Great Game.
* MamaBear: "The Female of the Species"
* MerchantCity: Peshawar in ''The Ballad of the King's Jest''
* MightMakesRight: The Baron's philosophy in "Cold Iron"
* MightyWhitey: Sometimes. Mostly they get to meet white guys who aren't.
** The [[MightyWhitey White Seal]] brings enlightenment back to [[UnfortunateImplications all those darker-colored seals,]] and has to [[AuthorityEqualsAsskicking knock some sense into their heads]] besides.
* MoreDeadlyThanTheMale: Kipling's thesis was this stemmed from woman's role in preserving the species:
-->She who faces Death by torture for each life beneath her breast\\
May not deal in doubt or pity—must not swerve for fact or jest.
* NeverLiveItDown: InUniverse in ''A Code of Morals'', a tongue-in-cheek cautionary tale about communications security. A moment of chatter on the heliograph line results in:
-->But the tale is on the Frontier, and from Michni to Mooltan\\
They know the worthy General as "that most immoral man."
* NonNaziSwastika: Most editions of Kipling's books published before the 1930s often have left-hand swastikas on the title pages.
* NostalgiaAintLikeItUsedToBe: Discussed in ''The King''.
* NotSoDifferent: Zig-zagged. Sometimes he described Europeans as just another tribe, sometimes as superior. Perhaps the summation was that he in fact thought Europeans ''were'' another tribe (and thus shouldn't make too much heavy weather) but that, by chance they happened to be a tribe that had a lot to teach other tribes. Though better off not falling into narcissism out of this.
** Also Kipling was a good character writer and had a great fascination for how other people lived. His characters seem like real people that happen to be following the customs of their respective tribe/caste/whatever and not merely extensions of stereotypes.
** ''The Roman Centurion's Song'' is about a Roman Centurion pleading not to be sent home to Rome, as he has lived among the 'primitives' of Britain so long that he has gone native. Kipling was making the obvious comparison of how many British soldiers felt after living in India, and pointing out that once upon a time it was the Britons that were the subject of colonial ambitions by a 'more civilised' power and were viewed as savages by their colonial masters.
* ObstructiveBureaucrat: Kipling poured over these enough of acid to dissolve a battleship or two. From ''Pagett, M.P.'' to ''Mesopotamia'' and ''Stellenbosh'' to ''[[http://www.telelib.com/authors/K/KiplingRudyard/verse/p1/lesson.html The Lesson]]'':
--> [[SecondBoerWar We have spent two hundred million pounds]] to prove the fact once more,
--> [[HitAndRunTactics That horses are quicker than men afoot]], since two and two make four;
--> And horses have four legs, and men have two legs, and two into four goes twice,
--> And nothing over except our lesson--and very cheap at the price.
* POVSequel: Several, including ''The Pirates in England'' vs. ''A Pict Song''.
* PragmaticHero / PragmaticVillainy : Depending on how you look at it. His idea of Imperialism was not so much to change local culture but to competently do mundane chores like economic development, policing and so on. Chesterton in ''Heretics'' noted that the key to understanding him is to remember that he romanticized [[ConsummateProfessional discipline and competence.]]
* TheRaj: The setting for most of his works. Kipling is largely responsible for spreading awareness of TheRaj as a literary setting outside the former British Empire, and popularising it within the Empire.
* RapeAndRevenge: "Raped and Revenged" in "Epitaphs of the War."
* RatedMForManly: His poem simply entitled "''If--''" is about as good a summary as you can get for what it takes to be a virtuous and well-adjusted manly man. Also a good account of what it takes to be a KnightInShiningArmour in the modern world.
* RealityEnsues: ''The Gods of the Copybook Headings''.
* RealityIsUnrealistic: Invoked in ''Light That Failed''. ''The Return ''.
* RecycledInSpace: some sci fi is affected by Kipling.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: Invoked in ''Ballad of East and West'' when a British subaltern surrounded by Pathans warns the Pathan chieftain that his tribe will be ravaged by the British Army if he is killed.
** In "The Grave of the One Hundred Head", the men of the First Shikari build a tomb for their dead Lieutenant from the skulls of all the men in the village his killer came from.
* ScrewThisImOuttaHere: ''Wilful-Missing''
* SecondBoerWar
* {{Settings}}: Kipling is best at this. His characters are quite good, and his plots are serviceable. However it is his ability to describe settings that really made him.
* SilentRunningMode: They call it ''The Trade''.
* StarCrossedLovers: ''In Flood Time''
* StiffUpperLip: "If..." is one of the [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]].
* TooDumbToLive: A lot of characters, e.g. Pagett, M.P.:
--> He spoke of the heat of India as the "Asian Solar Myth";
--> Came on a four months' visit, to "study the East," in November,
--> [[CoolAndUnusualPunishment And I got him to sign an agreement vowing to stay till September.]]
* {{Troperiffic}}: "[[http://www.poetryloverspage.com/poets/kipling/three_decker.html The Three-Decker]]" is a defense of the Troperific three-volume novel.
* TrueArt: [[{{in-universe}} ''In the Neolithic Age'']] elaborately mocked {{flamewar}}s over styles.
** LighterAndSofter: ''The Light that Failed'':
-->'''Nilghai''': It’s a chromo,’ said he,--’a chromo-litholeo-margarine fake!
** ExecutiveMeddling: ''The Light that Failed'', the same incident.
-->'''Dick''': Then the art-manager of that abandoned paper said that his subscribers wouldn’t like it. It was brutal and coarse and violent,--man being naturally gentle when he’s fighting for his life. They wanted something more restful, with a little more colour. I could have said a good deal, but you might as well talk to a sheep as an art-manager.
* TrueCompanions: ''The Galley-Slave'' is about the brotherhood between a crew of galley slaves.
--> To the bench that broke their manhood, they shall lash themselves and die.
* UnableToSupportAWife: "The Post That Fitted"
* UnreliableNarrator: "The Gardener" has an omniscient {{narrator}}, but when he starts talking about what "every one in the village knew", you have to pay close attention to what he's actually saying.
* UnusualEuphemism: [[strike:Deserters]] ''Wilful-Missing''.
* UriahGambit: "The Story of Uriah", funnily enough.
* YouAreACreditToYourRace: Sort of. Kipling while regarding Europeans(or at least British) as made to rule, admired colonial soldiers, railray workers, mailmen and other such blue collar people. They were, like ordinary whites in similar jobs, the ones that he believed really kept TheEmpire together. And most important of all, they were colorful and romantic.
* WorthyOpponent: ''The Ballad of East and West''


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