[[caption-width-right:260:Armchair warrior]]

Rosemary Sutcliff (1920-1992) was a British writer of [[HistoricalFiction historical fiction]], mainly for [[YoungAdult children]], who published some fifty books between 1950 and 1997. She is best-known for her novels set in Roman Britain, particularly ''[[Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth The Eagle of the Ninth]]''. She was awarded Commander of the British Empire for her services to children's literature.

Sutcliff was the daughter of a Royal Navy commander, and much of her work focuses on military officers and the life of the service. At two years old, she developed juvenile arthritis which partially crippled her; she spent much of her childhood in and out of hospital and used a wheelchair in later life. Medicine and disabled characters play a prominent role in her fiction. She was educated largely at home by her mother, who introduced her to literature, especially CelticMythology and [[KingArthur the Matter of Britain]]. She also became a great admirer of Creator/RudyardKipling, who strongly influences her prose, settings, and themes. As a young adult, she trained as an artist, working as a painter of miniatures. A vivid evocation of visual detail later translated to her writing.

She published her first books, ''The Chronicles of Robin Hood'' and ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'', with Oxford University Press in 1950. They were followed by three more novels before her breakout bestseller ''[[Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth The Eagle of the Ninth]]'', which as [[SchoolStudyMedia a set text in schools]] became the TropeCodifier of the LostRomanLegion for generations of children, and has inspired several adaptations including the 2011 film ''Film/TheEagle''. It was eventually followed by seven loosely linked sequels sometimes known as "The Eagle of the Ninth Chronicles" or "the Dolphin Ring sequence", after the signet ring [[GenerationalSaga passed down through the generations]] of a Roman British family.

Works with their own pages:
* ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''
* ''Film/TheEagle''
* ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord''
* ''Literature/FrontierWolf''

The official site of her literary estate is [[http://rosemarysutcliff.com/ rosemarysutcliff.com]]. An interview with Sutcliff can be read [[http://d.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/text/interview-with-rosemary-sutcliff here]].

!! Rosemary Sutcliff's work includes examples of:


[[folder:Recurring Tropes]]

* ActionFilmQuietDramaScene: Her calling-card, too many to list.
* AnyoneCanDie: Protagonists, best friends, dads, mentors, dogs, horses, babies...no one is safe.
* AuthorAppeal: Every trope listed below this one, pretty much.
* AuthorCatchphrase: Lots, including the coinages "woodshore" (the edge of the woods) and "house-place" (pointless alliteration).
** The North "went up in flames" about once per book
** "It is in my heart that" this is a long way to say "I think"
** Leaf-buds are like green flame or smoke, fire is like a flower, white flowers are like curds, and sea-foam is like cream
** "stirabout": [[Literature/TheToughGuideToFantasyland because "stew" is cliche]]
** "wave-lift": also known as a hill, usually the Downs of southern England
** A Celtic woman invariably "carried herself like a queen". She may also wear braids "as thick as a swordsman's wrist" and her love interest may be able to "warm my hands at you". If she's really into him it's probably a case of "whistle and I'll come to you my lad" (a line stolen from Creator/RobertBurns' poem.)
** The green plover is always calling. Always.
*** To say nothing of the curlew.
* BasedOnATrueStory: Most of her HistoricalFiction is set in the context of true events. Though her protagonists are usually fictional characters on the ground, they often cross paths with a HistoricalDomainCharacter.
* BittersweetEnding: Victory is fleeting, but HeroicSacrifice is forever. They'll [[EarnYourHappyEnding Earn Their Happy Ending]] at the least; at worst TheHeroDies. And the dog dies. And the horse.
* BuryYourDisabled: Is constantly averted along with other disability tropes. This is RealitySubtext - Rosemary Sutcliff used a wheelchair for most of her life. Her soldier protagonists are prone to CareerEndingInjury.
** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Drem was born with an undeveloped right arm.
** ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'': Aracos has a heart murmur that disqualifies him from the Roman cavalry.
** ''The Fugitives'': Lucian's legs were crippled by a childhood epidemic, probably polio.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Clubfooted Vadir Cedricson is perhaps her only [[EvilCripple disabled antagonist]].
** ''The Shining Company'': Conn walks with a limp.
** ''Sword Song'': The warrior Onund Treefoot is named for his wooden leg.
** ''The Witch's Brat'': Lovel is born with a crooked back and foot, becomes an infirmarian monk, and more or less invents physiotherapy to help a man who crippled his leg in a fall.
** ''The Queen Elizabeth Story''
** ''Lady in Waiting'': Bess's friend and HistoricalDomainCharacter Robin Cecil is hunchbacked.
** ''The Capricorn Bracelet''
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Artos's Companion Gwalchmai is clubfooted, but it doesn't stop him from being a cavalryman and a surgeon.
** CareerEndingInjury
*** ''The Eagle of the Ninth'': [[spoiler:Marcus is discharged from the army for a maimed leg.]]
*** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Midir was blinded to make him ritually unfit for kingship.
*** ''Blood Feud'': [[spoiler:Jestyn's leg is maimed; he becomes a physician.]]
*** ''Simon'': Simon's dad loses a leg in battle.
*** ''Bonnie Dundee'': [[spoiler:Hugh loses an arm; becomes a one-armed painter.]]
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: The bodyguard of the Byzantine emperor is featured in several novels as a kind of French Foreign Legion analogue. Jestyn, Thormod, and Anders are part of the founding of the Varangian Guard in ''Blood Feud''; Prosper and Cynan ride off into the sunrise to join it at the end of ''The Shining Company''; and Bedwyr is on his way to join it when he meets Artos and takes up with him instead in ''Sword at Sunset''. And Sir Everard d'Aguillon says he'd join it if he were young in ''Knight's Fee''.
** Allectus has a Saxon bodyguard/secret police/private army in ''The Silver Branch''.
** Thomas Keith, the BraveScot servant of the Albanian rulers of Ottoman Egypt, in ''Blood and Sand''. Considering he once fought off ten assassins single-handed and became a general and the governor of Medina, he might count as a cadre.
* CanineCompanion: Sutcliff HeroesLoveDogs, [[AuthorAppeal as she did]]. Besides most of her protagonists having one, several human characters are [[AnimalMotif explicitly identified with dogs]], and many Celtic characters have names including the word for dog, ''cu''.
** ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'': Perdita and her friends rescue a puppy.
** ''Brother Dusty-Feet'': BigFriendlyDog Argos, whom Hugh runs away from home with to protect. [[Literature/TheSongOfRoland Roland and Oliver]] are apparently each other's.
** ''{{The Eagle of the Ninth}}'': Cub, the tame wolf pup caught by Esca.
** ''Outcast'': Canog, a mistreated mongrel like her owner Beric; his childhood dog Gelert.
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Artos's dog(s) Cabal, original to KingArthur mythos.
** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Whitethroat, for whose sake Drem fights a duel; Fand the Beautiful; various sheepdogs.
** ''The Bridge-Builders'': Math the Hibernian wolfhound
** ''Knight's Fee'': Joyeuse, named for a sword, to Bevis.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Dog the PostApocalypticDog, the other SoleSurvivor of Owain's LastStand.
** ''Swallows in the Spring'': Dexius's dim-witted hound, who crossed a warzone to find him.
** ''Blood Feud'': Brindle the cattle dog, whose death Jestyn tries to avenge on Vikings who then capture him.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Caspar the rescue dog is instrumental in reuniting the hero with his love interest.
** ''The Shining Company'': Gelert the loyal but dim
** ''Sword Song'': Astrid, whom Bjarni murders a man for kicking, and Hugin, who follows him home from Dublin.
** AnimalMotif:
*** ''{{The Eagle of the Ninth}}'': Esca Mac Cunoval – "I am the Centurion's hound, to lie at the Centurion's feet."
*** ''The Silver Branch'': Cullen, the hound of Curoi, who sleeps on the floor and wears a dog's tail.
*** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Drem fights a metaphorical dog fight to keep his dog out of an actual one.
*** ''Knight's Fee'': Randal, erstwhile kennel boy, who calls himself Herluin's and Sir Everard's dog
*** ''The Hound of Ulster'': Nobody uses Cú Chulainn's real name after he becomes the smith's watchdog, per the legends.
*** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn, a "lone wolf" – "he had whistled me to heel like a hound; and like a hound I had followed."
*** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Aquila is likewise nicknamed "lone wolf"
*** ''Literature/FrontierWolf'': The Frontier Scouts, who wear wolfskins, call themselves a pack and wolves their "four-footed brothers".
*** Saxons are invariably "the Sea Wolves"
* CapitalLettersAreMagic
* CelticMythology: Most of Sutcliff's fiction is set in the British Isles and Ireland, in a period when most of the population is Celtic. She wrote two volumes of Celtic legends, and referenced elements of Celtic mythology in many of her novels.
** ''The Hound of Ulster'': retells the life of Cú Chulainn, including the [[Literature/TainBoCuailnge Táin Bó Cúailnge]].
** ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool'': retells the life of Fionn Mac Cumhail, including [[Literature/TheExileOfTheSonsOfUisnech the Exile of the Sons of Uisnech]].
** ''The Shining Company'' is based on the semi-historical Welsh epic ''Y Gododdin''.
** In ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'', an Irish great-aunt retells "[[Literature/TheChildrenOfLir The Children of Lir]]".
** The Washer at the Ford, a forerunner of death, appears (or is thought to appear) in ''The Hound of Ulster'', ''Song for a Dark Queen'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', and ''Bonnie Dundee'', and is perhaps alluded to in ''Flowering Dagger'' and ''The Changeling''.
** The Roman and Viking heroes of ''Frontier Wolf'' and ''Sword Song'' are familiar with Cuchulainn, and the Viking also hears about [[Literature/TheChildrenOfLir Fionoula]] and Iseult.
* ChildhoodFriendRomance: Romance is not a prominent element in most of Sutcliff's stories, so if anyone does get together, it's probably two longtime platonic friends, and it's probably via LastMinuteHookup.
** ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'': Perdita and her brother's best friend
** ''The Armourer's House'': Tamsyn and her cousin Piers make a ChildhoodMarriagePromise to be merchant adventurers together.
** ''Simon'': Simon and Susanna; Amias and Simon's sister Mouse
** ''{{The Eagle of the Ninth}}'': Marcus and Cottia, who is [[SheIsAllGrownUp All Grown Up]].
** ''The Shield Ring'': Frytha and Bjorn, PlatonicLifePartners since age six.
** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Drem and Blai, his not-quite adopted sister.
** ''Knight's Fee'': Randall and Gisella
** ''Dawn Wind'': Owain and Regina
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Gault and Levin, previously HeterosexualLifePartners
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Hugh and Darklis
** ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta'': Damaris and Peter
** ''The Shining Company'': Conn and Luned
* ConflictingLoyalties: Perhaps the most characteristic conflict in Sutcliff's work, probably most often ToBeLawfulOrGood, between duty and personal loyalties, or between two cultures to which a character belongs.
* CultureClash: Individuals connecting across cultural barriers is Sutcliff's bread and butter.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: The colonization of Roman Britain (or Norman England) and the crumbling of the Roman Empire evoke TheBritishEmpire, particularly TheRaj, to the point of anachronism. Most of these novels were written during the dismantling of the British Empire and following in the footsteps of RudyardKipling.
** The looming threat of the Saxon invasions and the imminent [[DarkAgeEurope Dark Ages]] also evokes [[TheHomeFront the Battle of Britain]], which Sutcliff lived through in her early twenties.
* EndOfAnAge: [[TropeCodifier The decline and fall of the Roman Empire]] in Britain, with the Dark Ages in the role of AfterTheEnd.
* FailureIsTheOnlyOption: For the Celts against the Romans; the Britons against the Saxons; and the Saxons against the Normans. Versus history, basically.
* GrayAndGreyMorality: Despite frequently using light versus dark as shorthand for OrderVersusChaos, most stories acknowledge that the protagonists and antagonists are just people with opposing goals or incompatible worldviews, and the cultural perspective shifts from Roman to Celt to Saxon to Viking to Norman from book to book.
* TheGreatWall: Hadrian's Wall ("the Wall") and the Antonine Wall ("the Northern Wall") hold off the Picts and allow the Romans to monitor traffic between Roman Britain and the semi-lawless territory of Valentia. In narrative terms, many a Sutcliff protagonist crosses the Wall to have adventures beyond the pale, and the Wall is [[TrappedBehindEnemyLines a refuge/plot goal that they must reach or prevent someone else from reaching]].
** Crossing and coming back: ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'', ''Sword at Sunset''
** Garrison duty: ''The Capricorn Bracelet'', ''The Silver Branch'', "Swallows in the Spring"
** Building: ''The Capricorn Bracelet''
* HumanSacrifice: A common thematic and plot point in pagan settings, often as a form of HeroicSacrifice associated with kingship (an idea borrowed from Sir James Frazer's influential ''The Golden Bough''.)
** ''The Changeling'': Tethra was saved from ritual infanticide by being switched with Murna's son.
** ''Flowering Dagger'': Brychan was conceived for the purpose of ritual infanticide.
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Alkibiades who (allegedly) sacrifices himself for Athens is identified with Adonis, a fertility god who symbolically dies every year.
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': the Horse Lords are expected to commit some form of HeroicSuicide if hard times require a HumanSacrifice.
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Ditto the High King Ambrosius's death
** ''Dawn Wind'': Ditto the Saxon kings in former times
** ''Knight's Fee'': The unexplained death of William II in the New Forest is suggested to have been ditto.
** ''The Chief's Daughter'': Nessan tags in for the friend who's supposed to be the victim, because she's the king('s daughter)
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': The horse has to be dedicated with a sacrifice. Of the guy who is sort of king.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: If it's not the central relationship of the book, the protagonist probably has one in the background. ([[OneThingLedToAnother Inevitably leads to]] HoYay - deliberate in ''Sword at Sunset''; presumably conscious in YA novels like ''The Mark of the Horse Lord''.)
** ''Simon'': Simon and Amias are are symbolised by a pair of sabres and compared to [[Literature/TheBible David and Jonathan]].
** ''The Eagle of the Ninth'': Marcus and Esca, whose eyes met across a crowded gladiatorial arena.
** ''The Silver Branch'': Justin and Flavius, long-lost cousins.
** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Drem and Vortrix
** ''The Bridge-Builders'': Androphon and Cador
** ''Knight's Fee'': Randal and Bevis, a squire and knight.
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Artos and Bedwyr
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn and Thormod, blood-brothers, compared to [[Literature/TheIliad Achilles and Patroclus]].
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': Lubrin and Dara
** ''Blood and Sand'': {{Historical Domain Character}}s Thomas Keith and Tussun Bey
** ''The Shining Company'': Prosper and Conn
** ''We Lived in Drumfyvie'': Eckie Brock and Donal Dhu
* {{Historical Domain Character}}s: Usually limited to cameos, but several novels are based on the lives of real (or [[KingArthur allegedly real]]) people.
** ''Lady in Waiting'': Sir Walter Raleigh
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Sir Thomas Fairfax
** ''Sword At Sunset'': Artos
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Alcibiades
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': Boudicca
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': John Graham of Claverhouse
** ''Blood and Sand'': Thomas Keith
* HistoryMarchesOn: Not all of her research has held up against later discoveries and interpretations - most egregiously, the Ninth Legion might or might not have been [[LostRomanLegion lost.]]
* KingArthur: Sutcliff wrote four volumes of Arthurian legends, as well as making him a real person in her historical continuity, who is nostalgically invoked by characters of later ages.
** ''Tristan and Iseult''
** ''The Sword and the Circle'': Excalibur and the Round Table
** ''The Light Beyond the Forest'': the quest for the Holy Grail
** ''The Road to Camlann''
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': the young Artos appears as a secondary character.
** ''Sword At Sunset'': the adult Artos unites Britain against the Saxons.
** ''The Shining Company'': Artos's unified Britain has broken into smaller kingdoms.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Artos's last successors are defeated by the Saxons.
* MadeASlave: Happens with some regularity to her protagonists or their sidekicks.
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'': Esca
** ''Outcast'': Beric, Jason
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Midir
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn
** ''The Shining Company'': Conn
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Timandra; the entire (surviving) Sicilian expedition
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': the entire (surviving) Epidi tribe
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Aquila, in Jutland.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Both Owain and Regina in separate Saxon households.
** ''Sword Song'': Muirgoed and her son Erp Mac Meldin were royalty, enslaved by Jarl Sigurd.
* TheMedic: One of the professions Sutcliff was most interested in, along with soldiers and artists. Several of her protagonists are medics, though usually the CombatMedic:
** ''The Silver Branch'': Justin the Roman army surgeon
** ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'': Aracos is a Roman army orderly
** ''The Witch's Brat'': Lovel is an infirmarian monk
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn is a cow-doctor who becomes a physician
* MixedAncestry: As Britain is made of intermingled peoples, so too are Sutcliff's protagonists. (Alternatively, they might be adopted, giving them a mixed cultural heritage.) [[HalfBreedDiscrimination Rarely does anyone let them forget it.]]
** ''Outcast'': Beric is of indeterminate Roman and British ancestry, raised by Britons and then by Romans; each side considers him to be the other.
** ''The Shield Ring:'' Bjorn is a Norseman with a Romano-Welsh ancestress.
** ''The Silver Branch'': Carausius is Romano-Hibernian; his Irish name is Curoi. The Flavius family are naturalised Romano-British.
** ''Warrior Scarlet'': Blai's mother was Irish, and there are people of mixed parentage among the Half People.
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Flavia's son Mull is a Saxon who looks Roman like her, while Aquila's son Minnow is half-Welsh.
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Artos is half-Romano-British, half-Celtic, which is one of the reasons he's able to unite the two peoples.
** ''Knight's Fee'': Randal is the son of a Saxon soldier and a Norman lady.
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Phaedrus is the son of a Greek merchant and his British slavewoman, while Liadhan is the daughter of a Dalriad king and a Caledone princess.
** ''The Changeling'': The title character is an indigenous Little Dark Person raised in a Celtic tribe.
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn Englishman is the son of a Celtic father and an Anglo-Saxon mother.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Darklis Ruthven is the descendant of a Scottish noblewoman and a Romani king.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Uncle Widreth is the illegitimate son of a Saxon father and a British mother. [[ChangelingFantasy He likes to claim she was a selkie.]]
* NarrativeFiligree
* NominalImportance: Averted.
* OfficerAndAGentleman: Most of Sutcliff's heroes are their culture's equivalent, be it Roman army officers, chieftains' sons, or English knights. This is unsurprising, as Sutcliff's father was an officer and she grew up on Royal Navy bases (what is perhaps surprising is that she never wrote about WoodenShipsAndIronMen).
* OneSteveLimit: Aversion. Though there's generally only one per work, characters' names are among the many elements Sutcliff liked recycling. There are, for instance, at least eight major and minor characters named "Cordaella".
* OrderVersusChaos: Romans and Roman Britons representing order and the Celts and Saxons representing chaos. Since the SympatheticPOV is usually on the Romans, order is generally seen as a good thing, but they're also shown to be at fault for inflexibility in dealing with their Celtic subjects.
* OurFairiesAreDifferent: The Little Dark People are [[{{Demythtification}} demythtified]] aboriginal Britons in her HistoricalFiction. The Sidhe appear in her myth retellings like ''The Hound of Ulster'' and ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool''.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: TruthInTelevision compels some aristocratic characters into ArrangedMarriage, but it inevitably turns out all right for them, after perhaps a little BelligerentSexualTension. Truly unpalatable matches always end up prevented.
** ''The Shield Ring'': Gille to Gerd
** ''Outcast'': Lucilla
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Aquila to Ness
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Anne to Thomas
** ''Knight's Fee'': Philip de Braose to Aanor
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Artos to Guenhumara
** ''TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'': Phaedrus to Murna
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': Boudicca to Prasutagus
** ''Sword Song'': Aud to Olaf the White, Aesa to Onund Tree-foot, Groa to Dungadr
* PeopleOfHairColour: Romans, Picts, and Little Dark People are (you guessed it) mostly dark, while Celts, Saxons, and Norsemen are fair, and characters of MixedAncestry tend to look tellingly like the side of their parentage they identify less with.
* ProudWarriorRace: Celts, Romans, Irish, Saxons, Vikings, Normans, Scots. . . all of them, in fact.
* TheQueensLatin: There are no accents in text, but Roman characters clearly speak British English... in contrast to ''British'' characters.
* Creator/RudyardKipling: Sutcliff reused several of the settings visited in Kipling's ''[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/puck/contents.html Puck of Pook's Hill]]'' and its sequel ''[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/rewards/contents.html Rewards and Fairies]]'' (in which two children are told stories of England's past by various ghosts) in her novels, and directly lifted several of his turns of phrase. She also wrote a monograph about his writing for children ([[http://rosemarysutcliff.com/2010/04/25/3772/ condensed version here]].)
** Marcus Flavius Aquila of ''The Eagle of the Ninth'' was directly inspired by Parnesius, the similarly bushy-browed young Romano-British officer of auxiliaries from ''Puck of Pook's Hill''.
** The Dacian Cavalry, who appear in ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''The Capricorn Bracelet'', ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'' and ''Swallows in the Spring'', was not a historical unit. It's the outfit Parnesius wanted to join in "A Centurion of the Thirtieth".
** Parnesius and Pertinax's participation in the [[MysteryCult cult of Mithras]], which Kipling treats like his beloved Freemasonry, is probably the reason why Marcus, Flavius, Alexios, and Ambrosius are Mithrans.
** "The Men's Side" and "the Women's Side", which appear in all Sutcliff's British tribes, are inspired by "The Knife and the Naked Chalk"'s accompanying verse, "Song of the Men's Side".
** "Seisin", a ritual dedication that appears in ''Brother Dusty-Feet'' and ''Knight's Fee'', is performed by the children in ''Puck''.
** The phrase "a singing magic", used by Flavia and Aquila in ''The Lantern Bearers'' and Ia in ''The Changeling'', is taken from "[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/justso/chapter11.html#chapter11 The Cat Who Walked By Himself]]" in the ''Just So Stories''.
** Jestyn's rowing song ("A long pull for Miklagard!") in ''Blood Feud'' is inspired by "Thorkild's Song" ("A long pull for Stavanger!") in ''Puck''.
** Sutcliff's ''The Bridge-Builders'', in which no literal bridges are built, is presumably named in tribute to Kipling's ''[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/days/chapter1.html#chapter1 The Bridge-Builders]]'', in which one is.
* SceneryPorn: Prone to DescriptionPorn of all kinds, especially in her most SliceOfLife stories, but SceneryPorn is most abundant. Usually involves BritishWeather. Consider a typical description of Scotland in late winter:

--> "They mounted the waiting ponies, and with hounds loping on in front, headed down the steep slope to the river crossing, where the black stone that the troops called the Lady stood in the sere winter grass beside the ford. They splashed across it and headed on up the estuary, past the faint track that Alexios had ridden with the old Commander on their courtesy visit to the Lord of Six Hundred Spears, and still on towards the ruins of Credigone and the eastern end of the old Northern Wall. Presently they turned inland, with no track to follow this time, leaving the narrowing estuary with its gulls and its crying and calling shore-birds behind them, and heading up a side glen where alder and hazel crowded the banks of a small fast burn. The burn was coming down in spate, running green with melting snow-water from the high moors, so that they must follow the bank a good way before they could come to a good crossing-place; but between the darkly sodden wreck of last year's bracken and the soft grey drift of the sky, the catkins were lengthening on the hazel bushes, making a kind of faint sunlight of their own, and in one especially sheltered place, as the two young men brushed past, the first pollen scattered from the whippy sprays so that they rode through a sudden golden mist. Even here at the world's end, spring was remembering the way back, and for a moment a sense of quickening caught almost painfully at Alexios somewhere below the breastbone." – '''''Literature/FrontierWolf''', ch. 5''

* ShownTheirWork: Most of her stories are situated quite precisely in time and geography, though this is usually indicated via CrypticBackgroundReference in her work for children. Her five adult novels are much more explicit about "kings, dates, and battles" (sometimes at the expense of character and plot, which may explain why they're generally less beloved.)
* {{Supporting Protagonist}}s: [[HeterosexualLifePartners Heterosexual Life Partnerships]] are often seen from the perspective of the less dynamic (and/or socially inferior) of the pair. {{Historical Domain Character}}s are almost invariably presented through a Supporting Protagonist.
* SubordinateExcuse
* TryingNotToCry: MenDontCry, and neither do women or children if they have any self-respect.
* TheVerse: Despite a dearth of direct sequels, WordOfGod [[http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/intrvws/sutcliff.htm has it]] that "it is all part of the same series, really", as borne out by consistent world-building and a few recurring details.
** The Flavius family's signet ring, a dolphin on a flawed emerald, is passed down through ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''The Silver Branch'', ''Frontier Wolf'', ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Sword At Sunset'', ''Dawn Wind'', ''Sword Song'', and ''The Shield Ring''.
** A song called "The Girl I Kissed At Clusium" is referenced in ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'', and ''Eagle's Egg''.
** ''Knight's Fee'' takes place in the same valley as ''Warrior Scarlet'', featuring the Hill of Gathering. Lewin the shepherd's left-handed flint hand-axe is implied to have belonged to one-handed Drem.
* VestigialEmpire: Britain, where most of her books are set, is of course cut loose from the crumbling Western Roman Empire and its inhabitants left to fend for themselves. ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Sword at Sunset'', ''The Shining Company'', and ''Dawn Wind'' are set in the immediately post-Roman period, but even 400 years later the Viking protagonist of ''Sword Song'' can recognise Roman ruins.
* UndyingLoyalty


[[folder: The Eagle of the Ninth Series]]

!!'''''{{The Eagle of the Ninth}}'''''
[[TheEagleOfTheNinth Has its own tropes page.]] 126-9 CE. [[AnOfficerAndAGentleman Marcus]] and Esca search Caledonia for the eagle standard of the [[LostRomanLegion lost Ninth Legion]].
!!'''''The Silver Branch'''''
290s CE. Justin and Flavian stumble upon a [[TheCoup conspiracy to assassinate]] the emperor Carausius and join LaResistance against the Saxon-allied usurper of Britain.
* BattleAmongstTheFlames: The Saxons set Calleva on fire while they loot it after fleeing Asklepiodotus's army. The flames eventually reach the basilica where the civilians have taken refuge and the Lost Legion has rushed in the defend them.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: Allectus's Saxon Guard, who seem to operate as a secret police.
* CoolOldLady: Flavius and Justin's straight-talking cosmetic disaster Great Aunt, Honoria.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: [[DayOfTheJackboot Huge blond Teutonic barbarians marching through the streets of Britain]] were [[UsefulNotes/WorldWarII a fairly recent concern]] when the book was written.
* FaceYourFears: Paulinus hides Justin and Flavian in a tiny secret room in the old theatre. Justin, it turns out, is claustrophobic.
* HappinessInSlavery: The curious case of Cullen the Fool, who likes to think of himself as a hound, to the point of sleeping on the floor, wearing a dog's tail ''and wagging it'', and UndyingLoyalty to his master. He eventually explains to Justin and Flavius that he was BornIntoSlavery and to him, being ownerless is like being unemployed.
* HeroicSacrifice: Paulinus [[spoiler: lets himself be cut down by the Saxon Guard to allow the others time to escape]]. Evicatos [[spoiler: dies defending Cullen in the basilica]].
* JustBeforeTheEnd: Saxon invasions and the breakup of of the Roman empire, which overshadow all the later Roman novels, are first invoked here.
* LaResistance: A somewhat ironic version, given that they're Carausius's followers supporting Constantius as a liberator from Allectus, who overthrew Carausius, who rebelled against Constantius in the first place.
** FiveManBand: Flavius is TheHero, Justin is TheLancer, Anthonius is TheSmartGuy, Pandarus is TheBigGuy, Cullen is TheChick ''and'' TeamPet, Honoria is TheTeamBenefactor, Myron is the TagalongKid, and Evicatos is TheSixthRanger.
** RagtagBunchOfMisfits: Flavius's "Lost Legion", including two deserted centurions and a surgeon, a freed gladiator, and a jester, who use a battered and wingless legionary eagle as their standard.
** TheSpymaster: Paulinus, the [[Creator/JohnLeCarre George Smiley]] of Portus Adurni. A small – ahem – plump, timid tax collector with an – ahem – VerbalTic, who enjoys {{Creator/Euripides}}.
* LegendFadesToMyth: Flavius knows there's a vague family story about their ancestor Marcus [[TheEagleOfTheNinth having some adventure in the North]]; he suspects it may have had something to do with the Ninth Legion. Justin thinks this is far-fetched.
* ReassignedToAntarctica: Justin and Flavius are KickedUpstairs to Hadrian's Wall after accusing Allectus of conspiracy. They realise later that Carausius put them out of Allectus's reach.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Carausius did make himself the emperor of Britain and was betrayed by Allectus. History is silent on whether he was warned by a couple of junior officers who later led a resistance with the help of a ProudWarriorRaceGuy and a guy who thought he was a dog.
* WellDoneSonGuy: Justin believes he's a disappointment to his father, who wanted him to follow in his footsteps as a soldier. He eventually receives a letter assuring him that no, his father is just terrible at showing affection.

Has its own page. 340s CE. Alexios, a disgraced officer, is ReassignedToAntarctica to command the [[ArmyOfThievesAndWhores irregular]] [[SurprisinglyEliteCannonFodder Frontier Scouts]] in a precarious border outpost.

!!'''''The Lantern Bearers'''''
5th century CE. Aquila deserts from the departing legions and devotes his life to holding off the Saxons from Roman Britain.
* AntiHero: Aquila is a bitter, angry JerkassWoobie with no friends, an ArrangedMarriage, and a distant son, who enjoys nothing but killing as many Saxons as he can reach.
* AwkwardFatherSonBondingActivity: Aquila lets his son the Minnow ride his warhorse for the first time to make up for reprimanding him too sternly (yet again.) He realises he's tainted the experience for Minnow by making it a compensation instead of a triumph. Then the horse throws and nearly kills him, and they have a brief moment of closeness when Minnow wakes up days later, until Aquila is called away to battle (yet again.)
* BelligerentSexualTension: Aquila and Ness eventually achieve a PerfectlyArrangedMarriage, but they conceive their only child the Minnow in the first year of their marriage when they still resent each other.
* BigBrotherInstinct: Aquila is so close to his sister Flavia that their tutor jokes they were twins born apart through cosmic error. Unfortunately the only thing he can do for her when they're separately abducted by Saxons is [[HonorBeforeReason pray that she's dead]] instead of DefiledForever. Twenty years later he saves the life of her Saxon son for her sake.
** Aquila offends Ness on their first meeting because he mocks her sister.
* ChronicBackstabbingDisorder: Hengest, the warlord of the invading Jutes, makes a deal with Vortigern to fend off other Saxons in return for in southeast Britain. After marrying his daughter Rowena to Vortigern, [[SacredHospitality he murders all his escort and holds him hostage for more land]] on "the Night of the Long Knives". After Ambrosius and Hengest fight to a standstill and reluctantly make terms, he spends the period of peace building up for a surprise attack just before the armistice is due to expire.
* CynicismCatalyst: Aquila is a friendly, generous, optimistic soul until Saxon raiders murder his entire household, abduct his beloved little sister, and enslave him. And then he finds out that the king of Britain sent the raiders, because his father's co-conspirator betrayed him. And then his sister decides to stay with the guy who kidnapped her rather than get rescued by Aquila.
* DaddysLittleVillain: Aquila happens to be in Hengest's burg just in time to see Hengest's beautiful daughter Rowena seduce Vortigern, whom she will shortly marry to tie him closer to her family's interests.
* DarkerAndEdgier: ''The Lantern Bearers'' is markedly grimmer and more adult than its predecessors in the Dolphin Ring series.
* DistinguishingMark: Invoked by Aquila and Flavia when he shows her his new dolphin tattoo and says that she could recognise him by it after twenty years apart: "Look, I'm your long-lost brother." She replies that anyone could get a bad tattoo and she'd know him by his beaky nose. The Saxons later name him Dolphin after the tattoo, and his wife points out that [[MamasBabyPapasMaybe he can be sure his son is his]] because he's inherited the nose. When Aquila sends Flavia's son back to her, he makes him tell her about the tattoo and [[SomethingOnlyTheyWouldSay everything they did on the night they first talked about it]].
* DoomedHometown: Aquila's family villa, where the household makes a LastStand against a Saxon raiding party, and his fort at Rutupiae, which the Auxiliaries abandon and the Saxons later occupy.
* EndOfAnAge: The book begins with the final withdrawal of Roman soldiers from Britain around 450 CE. The usual cutoff date for Roman Britain is 410, but Sutcliff fudges it by making them Auxiliaries in order to fit her theme of [[OrderVersusChaos civilization vs. barbarian]] into a timeframe that fits with traditional dates for KingArthur.
* FateWorseThanDeath: Flavia is abducted by the Saxon raiders who kill the rest of their household and leave him for dead, and he spends the next three years hoping that she's dead. Not only is she not dead, she married her captor and declines to run away from him, and Aquila's character arc for the rest of the book is about coming to terms with this perceived betrayal.
* IdenticalGrandson: Aquila saves the life of Flavia's son because he looks unmistakably like her.
* MadeASlave: The raiders who attack Aquila's villa leave him unconscious for the SavageWolves, but a second group happens along and someone takes him home as a present for his grandpa. Rechristened "Dolphin", Aquila spends the next three years as a Homer-reading thrall in Jutland until the entire village decides to up sticks for greener pastures in Hengest's Britain. Meanwhile Flavia has been not-enslaved with the original raiders in Hengest's burg.
* AMatchMadeInStockholm: Flavia herself can't say exactly how she feels about the Saxon chieftain's son who abducted her from the raid on their villa, then married her and gave her back their father's ring, but she isn't afraid of him and doesn't run away from him at the first opportunity. Aquila never learns any more about him or their relationship.
* RuleOfThree: Invoked by Aquila and Brother Ninnias, who share an uncannily accurate feeling that they will meet three times, though their middle meeting has no particular plot significance except to establish the possibility of a third.
* SiblingYinYang: Ambrosius orders Aquila to marry one of the two daughters of a Welsh ally: pretty, blond, sweet-natured Rhyannidd or dark, sharp-tongued Ness. He chooses Ness, because he prefers people he doesn't have to be nice to.
* TangledFamilyTree: The main political players in the novel are all linked in kinship by Vortigern's marriage to Rowena. Ambrosius's father and Artos's grandfather Constantine is the brother of Severa, the first wife of Vortigern and the mother of his rebellious sons, Ambrosius's allies Vortimer, Catigern and Pascent. Rowena is, of course, the daughter of Hengest. Aquila's family, meanwhile, also links the Roman, Welsh, and Saxon factions: his wife Ness is the daughter of a Welsh chieftain while Flavia's husband's family are Saxon chiefs under Hengest.
* ThereAreNoTherapists: It's the fifth century. There are priests, but Aquila loses his faith along with his family.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Vortigern, Hengest, Rowena, Ambrosius and much of the rest of the story are based on the ''Literature/HistoriaBrittonum'' and ''Literature/HistoriaRegumBritanniae'', the earliest pseudo-historical accounts of KingArthur and the fifth century in Britain.
* WhatHappenedToTheMouse: Aquila never goes to see what became of his family's land, despite the fact that's it's quite close to the British headquarters and he's short of income.
!!'''''Sword at Sunset''''' (adult novel)
5th century CE. A generation after the withdrawal of Roman forces from Britain, KingArthur struggles to unite Romano-Britons, Celtic tribes, and the elusive Little Dark People against the Saxon invasions.
* AnyoneCanDie: Pretty much everyone does, because the story covers forty years of warfare and Dark Age medical expertise.
* AuthorFilibuster: Artos makes a point of telling the reader that he'd prefer his Companions to form stable {{Battle Couple}}s, [[AncientGreece a la Theban Band]], than to fight over women or divide their loyalties with their wives (a point eventually exemplified by his situation with Bedwyr and Guenhumara). Since the book was published the year before homosexuality was decriminalised in the UK, the timing is suspicious.
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: Artos is spontaneously acclaimed the Emperor of the West at the White Horse of Uffington using the rituals of all the allied British war host after the Battle of Badon Hill.
* BandOfBrothers: Artos's Company, or Brotherhood, of three hundred cavalrymen. Their unity eventually weakens and a youthful faction follows Medraut into the last battle.
* BastardBastard: Artos's son by his insane sister, herself a BastardBastard, has been raised to hate and undermine him, and engineers Guenhumara's downfall as well as giving Artos his mortal wound. He can pose as a loyal follower, however, because illegitimacy per se isn't the issue – Artos himself is a HeroicBastard.
* BattleCouple: Gault and Levin, [[ThoseTwoGuys two of Artos's warband]] who tried out SituationalSexuality and never looked back. They become a captain and second of a squadron and the subject of a [[BringHelpBack heroic subplot]].
** LookalikeLovers: Artos finds their resemblance symbolic of being equal and perfectly-balanced and having unity of purpose, unlike a relationship to someone outside the Company (e.g. a woman). Being already members of the Brotherhood, it also gives them a faint zest of IncestSubtext.
* BecauseDestinySaysSo: Artos never does much to avert the evil he anticipates from Medraut, like kill him, because he's convinced that he and Medraut are meant to make an end of each other as his punishment for committing incest.
* BringHelpBack: Levin disappears from starving, snowbound Trimontium in an apparent (but unconvincing because he's a DeathSeeker) ScrewThisImOuttaHere, but actually travels cross-country in the dead of winter to summon the supply train back weeks early with desperately-needed food, after dying to get there.
* ChangingOfTheGuard: Almost the only direct sequel Sutcliff ever wrote, ''Sword at Sunset'' takes up where ''The Lantern Bearers'' leaves off, with Artos as the point of view character. Aquila, Ambrosius, and various others remain secondary characters in ''Sword''.
* CharacterizationMarchesOn: In ''The Lantern Bearers'', Artos is a cheerful and charismatic secondary character. In his own narration in ''Sword at Sunset'', he's a joyless martyr to duty and his crippling psychological issues.
* CelibateHero: Artos's [[SurpriseIncest long-lost half-sister]] Ygerna [[RapeAsBackstory tricks him into sleeping with her]], and he's [[ParalyzingFearOfSexuality so traumatised]] he loses interest in sex. Their difficulty in conceiving strains his marriage with Guenhumara.
** DefiledForever: Artos's feeling about himself after unwittingly committing incest, partly because of DoubleStandardRapeFemaleOnMale.
** GoodPeopleHaveGoodSex: Averted. The problem isn't explicitly described, but Artos and Guenhumara's sex life is. . .lacking.
** GladToBeAliveSex: Except that one time. An inversion, because they think they're about to die of scurvy in a snowbound fortress.
* CoolHorse: The first part of the story is taken up with the difficulty of aquiring enough horses large enough to carry Artos's heavy cavalry, which are critical for the mobile force he intends to deploy, and he meets Bedwyr because he's the only person who can control a prize stud horse called The Black One. Artos's WhiteStallion Signus is The Black One's son, and he fights the greatest victory of his career in the White Horse Vale and is crowned on the White Horse itself. The Saxons, meanwhile, also fight under the banner of a white horse, and one of them tells Artos that their ancestors served in the Second Legion, whose badge was the winged horse {{Pegasus}}.
* DarkerAndEdgier: ''Sword at Sunset'' is the only book in the Dolphin Ring sequence written for adults. Besides the sexual content (or ''dis''content), it's more pessimistic and depressing, which is saying something.
* DeathSeeker: Levin, after Gault's death. Artos also observes that Ygerna reveals her EvilPlan partly because she wouldn't mind if he just killed her.
* DefiledForever: Guenhumara begs Artos to marry her because if he rejects her father's very public offer, everyone will think he'd already slept with her...and not found her worth marrying.
* {{Demythtification}}: No Merlin, no Round Table, no shining armour, no magic, no French guys.
* DiedInYourArmsTonight: It's implied after the final scene, in which Bedwyr holds the dying Artos.
* DividedWeFall: Persuading local rulers to support a united front (led by him) against the invaders rather than protecting their own territories is the ongoing struggle of Artos's life.
* DueToTheDead: After taking Trimontium, the Companions find the body of a Little Dark Woman who had been gang-raped. Artos solves their concerns about her ghost by burying her with honour in the fortress that night under nine dead warhorses.
* FlorenceNightingaleEffect: Guenhumara and Bedwyr fell in love while she nursed him with a life-threatening injury he received in the battle of Badon. But averted when Guenhumara nursed Artos before their marriage.
* GambitRoulette: Ygerna's epic scheme to get {{Revenge}} on her (dead) absentee father is to have a one night stand with her long-lost half-brother when he wanders unknowingly and at random into her clutches, get pregnant, have a son, teach that son to hate his father, and unleash him on Artos, but only after she dies. Justified in that she's quite mad.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Artos and Bedwyr, until Bedwyr falls in love with Guenhumara.
* HomoeroticSubtext: Also Artos and Bedwyr.
* InfantImmortality: Averted.
* ItHasBeenAnHonor:
-->'''Bedwyr:''' I have always been one to choose with care the company I die in.
* LoadsAndLoadsOfCharacters: Well over a hundred named characters, many of them mere extras, for an average of more than one every five pages. There are four {{Mauve Shirt}}s introduced in the last chapter alone.
* LonelyAtTheTop: Invoked. Artos never wished to become king because he dreads loneliness, and he gets it after Bedwyr and Guenhumara leave him.
* MixedAncestry: Artos's Roman and Celtic background helps him to understand both cultures to get them to work for him.
-->'''Artos:''' At worst it is to be torn between two horses, but even at best it is to be always a little in exile.
* OurFairiesAreDifferent: The Little Dark People, secretive subterranean-dwelling aboriginal Britons whom Artos befriends by paying one the respect DueToTheDead, who become his scouts and messengers. Guenhumara is convinced that they steal Hylin's life after she is forced to give birth in one of their villages.
* PlainJane: Bedwyr's face is noticeably asymmetrical and fantastically ugly, and in old age he's almost TheGrotesque. Guenhumara is unremarkable looking aside from her blond hair. Ironically the member of the love triangle described as beautiful is Artos, as are Ygerna and Medraut.
* SecretStabWound: Gault dies of blood loss after leading his patrol home with an arrow in his ribs, unbeknownst to them.
* SecretlyDying: Ambrosius, of cancer.
* SelfSacrificeScheme: Ambrosius, who is [[ConvenientTerminalIllness dying of cancer]], arranges a HuntingAccident to make himself a HumanSacrifice.
* ShadowArchetype: Medraut to Artos. Medraut looks uncannily like Artos and has his skill as a soldier, but none of his morals.
* AStormIsComing: Invoked. The night before Ambrosius's death there is a massive display of the northern lights. The eve of the final battle has a flaming sunset.
* SuccessionCrisis: Ambrosius deliberately creates one, because he needs to leave Britain to Artos but can't do it legally. So he kills himself without naming an heir and leaves Artos to reluctantly seize power.
* ThreeSuccessfulGenerations: Aquila, Ambrosius's cavalry commander and the hero of prequel ''The Lantern Bearers'', here has his adult son Flavian, one of Artos's squadron captains, and Flavian's teenage son the Minnow. [[spoiler: Aquila dies at Badon Hill, while Flavian falls in the last battle, which Artos sends the Minnow away from with the family ring.]] Artos's own line is a subversion, since Artos loves and succeeds his uncle and foster-father Ambrosius, but his own son Medraut is his enemy.
* TriangRelations: Artos and Guenhumara enter into an ArrangedMarriage, to his best friend Bedwyr's dismay. Artos falls in love with Guenhumara, but his sexual dysfunction hurts their marriage and Guenhumara blames him for the death of their only child. Guenhumara and Bedwyr fall in love, and Artos repudiates them both. Years later, Bedwyr leaves Guenhumara behind to rejoin Artos.
** A platonic, filial version in which Medraut is jealous of Artos's regard for Cerdic son of Vortigern, their enemy kinsman whom Artos would have liked to have as a son.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The Battle of Badon is associated with King Arthur and Ambrosius, a HistoricalDomainCharacter, but no one knows the true details.
* WellDoneSonGuy: Medraut, sometimes, but Artos is too suspicious of him to respond to it.
* YouAreWorthHell:
-->'''Bedwyr:''' You fool, Artos! Don't you know that if you were deservedly frying in your Christian's Hell for every sin from broken faith to sodomy, you could count on my buckler to shield your face from the flames?
-->'''Artos:''' I believe I could. You are almost as great a fool as I.
** and
-->'''Artos:''' You would take this stain [of murder] on your soul?
-->'''Bedwyr:''' Yes. But you must say the word.
* YourCheatingHeart: Artos says that he'd always resolved not to object if Guenhumara had a lover, because he's impotent. It's the fact that ''she and Bedwyr'' cheated on him that he can't bear.
!!'''''Dawn Wind'''''
585-597 CE. Owain, a Briton, [[MadeASlave becomes a Saxon thrall]] and is drawn into the affairs of a Saxon family.
* AfterTheEnd: The novel takes place in the gap between the Saxon defeat of the British and the conversion of the Saxons by Saint Augustine of Canterbury. The British resistance to the Saxon invasion having finally broken, Britons turn on each other and Owain and Regina scavenge to survive in the abandoned city of Viroconium.
* ArcWords: "What else could I do?" Owain says it twice to Einon Hen – while explaining how he surrendered to the Saxons to save Regina, then how he postponed his freedom to protect his ex-owner's children. Little though he wishes to live in the Saxon world, common humanity outstrips HonorBeforeReason.
* CoolOldLady: Priscilla the no-nonsense hill farmer.
* DawnOfAnEra: The alliance of Saxons and Britons and the arrival of St. Augustine "the Dawn Wind" of Canterbury.
* DeathOfTheOldGods: Three-fold. British ''Christianity'' is thought by Rome to have been wiped out by the pagan Saxon conquest, and the reader knows that St. Augustine "the Dawn Wind" is going to show up any day now to convert the Saxons. However the Saxon religion, though civilizing (no more HumanSacrifice unless it's really, really important) is still going strong, and everyone knows that the Saxon king tolerates Augustine with an eye to political expediency. Meanwhile, the trope is played straight with the mostly-forgotten Roman pagan gods like Pan Sylvanus.
* EndOfAnAge: Opens on the defeat of Kyndylan and British resistance to the Saxon conquest.
* EverybodysDeadDave: The aftermath of the Battle of Dyrham, in which the book opens.
* FullBoarAction: Owain's hotheaded charge Bryni throws himself into a boar hunt to get the attention of the king, his dead father's foster-brother.
* GhostTown: Viroconium and the other Roman cities that the British abandon.
* GoodShepherd: The fiery little hill preacher Priscilla drags Owain to listen to is the book's main example of the survival of native Christianity in Britain before the coming of Augustine.
* HumanSacrifice: On the night Teitri the foal is born, Vadir Cedricson explains to Owain that Saxon kings used to sacrifice themselves for the sake of their people, and though the Saxons no longer sacrifice men, they do sacrifice the "king" of their horse herds, a WhiteStallion like Teitri. When Teitri later kills a man who tried to ride him, the Saxons interpret it as their still-powerful gods claiming a sacrifice in spite of the Christians' arrival.
* IronicName: Regina the thieving, whining, louse-ridden beggar girl, whose name means 'queen' in Latin.
* KnowWhenToFoldEm: Owain and Regina would rather cross the sea than stay in Saxon England, but Regina develops a lung infection on their trek to the coast. Owain has to decide that giving themselves up to a Saxon household is better than letting her die in the woods.
* PostApocalypticDog: His name is Dog.
* TheRustler: Owain and Regina are finally convinced to leave Viroconium by an ugly encounter with a band of British cattle thieves.
* ShellShockedVeteran: Owain walks from Dyrham to Glevum in something of a fugue.
* SoleSurvivor: Owain and Dog. He goes looking for the retreated war host, but there isn't one.
* YankTheDogsChain: Owain is freed after eight years, then almost immediately has to promise he'll stick around for another four to look after his ex-master's family. Then he has to promise his widow another year.
!!'''''Sword Song'''''
8th century CE. Bjarni Sigurdson, a Norwegian Viking, is exiled from his British settlement for killing the man who kicked his dog and sells his sword as a mercenary, embroiling himself in the feuds of Viking earls from Dublin to the Orkneys.
* ArrangedMarriage: The aristocrats in the story all have political marriages: Onund marries the daughter of one of his fellow sea lords, and Groa marries a Pict chief to ensure the safety of Thorstein's Caithness settlements. None of the women are overjoyed at the prospect, but they expect to be reasonably happy when they've [[BabiesEverAfter settled in their new lives]].
* AuthorExistenceFailure: ''Sword Song'' was Sutcliff's last book, first published five years after her death, based on the second of three intended drafts.
* TheBerserker: Everything tends to disappear behind a red mist for Bjarni whenever someone [[BerserkButton threatens]] either [[{{Protectorate}} his dog or his employer]]. Strategically ''not'' killing someone is the [[OOCIsSeriousBusiness apex of his character arc]].
* BreakHisHeartToSaveHim: Bjarni's beloved captain Onund chops off two of Hugin's toes to disqualify him as a sacrifice and throws Bjarni off his island to save him from a knife in the back. Bjarni [[IdiotHero does not immediately put this together]].
* BurnTheWitch: Angharad's neighbours suspect she's a witch, because she uses Latin prayers in her doctoring, and because her hired sword Bjarni is clearly a white-haired, [[ASinisterClue left-handed]] sea demon. They burn down her farm at the behest of her cousin who wants to steal her land.
* CallToAgriculture: Bjarni leaves a blue glass dolphin in a likely-looking glen before he leaves Rafnglas. When his five years are up and he brings the homeless Angharad back, he plans to make a land-take there.
* ComingOfAgeStory: Bjarni is exiled at sixteen and has the next five years to debate whether he ever wants to go back. There is running commentary on the progress of his beard.
* CoolBoat: Several, as you expect from island-dwelling Vikings: Onund's vixen-headed longship ''Sea Witch'' and the rest of the Barra fleet; Lady Aud's galleys ''Fionoula'' and ''Seal Maiden''; and the merchantman ''Sea Cow'', while not precisely cool, does Bjarni several solids.
* CycleOfRevenge: Three separate blood feuds in the course of the novel, all based on historical accounts: Onund Treefoot ambushes Vestnor and Vigibjord for killing his younger brother; Onund kills the man who was given his land, then kills the man who killed his grandfather in retaliation, then defeats the man sent to avenge that man; Melbrigda's son tries to kill Guthorm for his father's improper burial, gets killed by Thorstein, and then his brother kills Thorstein and Bjarni kills him.
* GuileHero: Onund Treefoot is a HandicappedBadass who commands a Viking fleet. He lures his old enemies into battle where their numerical superiority is nullified and kills their commander while wearing a milking stool as a wooden leg. He later forces Jarl Sigurd to water his ships by foisting his infant only son on him as a foster-child.
* PinballProtagonist: Bjarni is merely the employee of the characters who actually drive the story, like Onund, Thorstein, Groa, and Aud. It's justified in that the plot is based on incidents of their real lives. And when he takes up with the fictional Angharad, the crux of his character growth requires him to be restrained and passive.
* PlotTriggeringDeath: Bjarni's accidentally drowning [[AssholeVictim the missionary]] gets him [[TheExile exiled]] from his settlement to walk the earth, because his chief [[TheOathBreaker guaranteed safety]] to Christians in his lands. Bjarni eventually runs into the chief's Christian foster-brother and conveys his forgiveness back to the chief.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: Bjarni is a fictional character, but his bosses Onund Treefoot, Thorstein the Red and CoolOldLady [[AwesomeMcCoolname Aud the Deep-Minded]] are {{Historical Domain Character}}s who turn up in Literature/TheIcelandicSagas.
* WelcomeToTheBigCity: In one day in Dublin Bjarni gets laughed out of a job, robbed of his purse, and loses the rest of his possessions. He claims to have [[RefugeInAudacity traded them for a stray dog]].
!!'''''The Shield Ring'''''
1090-1100s CE. {{Tomboy}} Frytha and WarriorPoet Bjorn defend the last hidden Norse stronghold against the Normans.
* TheAce: Bjarni is not only a ProudWarriorRaceGuy, he's a better harper than the guy who does it for a living. As a kid he can beat up a rival two years older than him. He has one great fear (because he's ''more imaginative'' than other people), which he volunteers to face for the sake of his country and overcomes with flying colours, then no-big-deals it back to fight the climactic battle while injured, side-by-side with his won-over childhood enemy. And he does all this with a "faintly mocking gaze."
* ActionGirl: The Norse women are archers and fight in the last battle in direct defence of the Dale.
* AnAxeToGrind: Gille Butharson's weapon of choice, which is why [[spoiler:Wave-flame is buried with Aikin the Beloved.]]
* ColdBloodedTorture: Bjorn and Frytha learn their highest duty – never to give away the Dale's location – from the story of Ari Knudsen's friend who was tortured to death by the Normans. [[DevelopingDoomedCharacters Ari Knudsen is then tortured to death]] shortly thereafter, and Bjorn gets a complex. Then, of course, [[WhyDidItHaveToBeSnakes Bjorn gets tortured]].
* DeadGuyOnDisplay: Red William's army use the Norse envoys' bodies as standards in their first battle. The ordinary Norman soldiers are more unnerved by it than the Norse.
* DoomedHometown: Frytha's family farm in Lancashire gets burned in reprisal for a Norman knight's death, leaving her ConvenientlyAnOrphan and refugee to the Dale.
* FaceYourFears: Bjorn develops a fear of torture, but volunteers to spy on the Normans. Sure enough...
* ForcedToWatch: Frytha, whose turn is next, and then Bjorn gets to watch her! It's treated as heroic, however, that Bjorn has no intention of talking no matter what they do to Frytha. (The possibility of Frytha talking to protect Bjorn never comes up, because plotwise it's Bjorn's big moment, and watching without affecting the plot is kind of Frytha's job in the story.)
* JustBeforeTheEnd: Invoked. The people of the Dale will either get slaughtered or defeat the Normans and go home to their old lands, but either way it's the end of the secret settlement.
* LadyLooksLikeADude: Frytha looks like a boy when she wears trousers and cuts her hair during the fighting season, and has a husky voice. She goes to the Norman camp as a SweetPollyOliver named Erik.
* LastBastion: Butharsdale in the Lake Land is the last corner of England remaining outside Norman control.
* LuredIntoATrap: The Norse know that the Normans will eventually attack the Dale from the North, so they reroute their northern road into a narrow dead-end side-glen killing zone, which they call the Road to Nowhere.
* MasterApprenticeChain: Ari "Grey Wolf" Knudsen and his foster-son Aikin the Beloved, then Aikin and his nephew Gille Butharson.
* NamedWeapons: Wave-flame, the famous sword Ari Knudsen leaves to Aikin the Beloved.
* OopNorth: The Dale is in "Lake Land", or the Lake District, in the Cumberland Fells.
* PlatonicLifePartners: Bjorn and Frytha, who meet when they're five and six and stick together ever afterwards. They eventually get a RelationshipUpgrade via LastMinuteHookup, or at least, they answer a CallToAgriculture together, so [[MaybeEverAfter we assume they do]].
* PostVictoryCollapse: Bjorn, who fights the last battle with a burnt hand and then spends the rest of the summer recovering.
* SignatureItemClue: Bjorn is rustled in the Norman camp because a young knight whom he had failed to kill recognises the emerald signet ring that flashed in his eyes when they fought six years before.
* SupportingProtagonist: Frytha is the default point-of-view character, but most of the time she's just observing Bjorn, who is pretty clearly the actual protagonist. Frytha doesn't influence the plot except by discovering the mazelin.
* TomboyAndGirlyGirl: Frytha, who sometimes wishes she were a boy, and her "soft" friend Gerd, who nevertheless works alongside her in the war camps.
* TranquilFury: Aikin the Beloved, Ari Knudsen's foster-son and the leader of the Sword-band, spends the rest of the book very quietly hating the Normans.
* WistfulAmnesia: The Norman ShellShockedVeteran whom Frytha and Bjorn rescue can only recall that he once had a very nice orchard in Picardy.


[[folder:Prehistoric Britain]]

!! '''''Shifting Sands''''' (short story)
Orkney, 2000-1000 BCE. [[OldManMarryingAChild A twelve-year-old girl is promised to the tyrannical chief]] of her prehistoric village, who proposes to [[HumanSacrifice sacrifice]] the [[MurderTheHypotenuse boy she prefers]] to the gods who protect [[ChekhovsVolcano the great sand dune on which the village sits]].
* AStormIsComing: It's a foregone conclusion to the reader, but Moon Eye warns Long Axe about the rising winds. Unfortunately, Long Axe practices HeadInTheSandManagement.
* RescueRomance: Blue Feather and Singing Dog get together when she hurts her foot on the beach.
* FullBoarAction: Singing Dog attracts Long Axe's notice when he disputes the credit for killing a ferocious sow. Unfortunately for his survival prospects, this is regarded as tantamount to ChallengingTheChief.
* ChekhovsGift: The hairpin Long Axe gives to Moon Eye is the only weapon allowed into the sacrificial gathering.
!! '''''Warrior Scarlet'''''
Britain, 900 BCE. [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy Drem]] must pass a [[RiteOfPassage warrior initiation ceremony]] with an [[HandicappedBadass atrophied right arm]], or be [[TheExile cast out]] of his tribe to live among [[SlaveRace the people they conquered]].
* AwesomeMomentOfCrowning: Two chapters are devoted to the accession of the king of the tribe, who is never given a name or heard from before or afterwards.
* BecauseYouWereNiceToMe: Drem accidentally wins Blai's undying loyalty by showing her some when her father rejects her. Later, however, she ''hesitates'' to marry him because she thinks he's merely being kind.
* BirthDeathJuxtaposition: Drem kills three wolves defending a mortally-injured shepherd and the labouring ewe they were searching for. At the Feast of the New Spears, each boy ritually "dies" and is "reborn" as a man.
* CharacterDevelopment
* ComingOfAgeStory: Drem spends half his life preparing for the RiteOfPassage that he fails, then spends the next year as a shepherd learning skills he hadn't trained for as a warrior, like "patience" and "compassion".
* CoolOldGuy: Doli the senior shepherd, who doesn't give a shit that Drem is one of the Golden People.
* DisappearedDad: Blai's travelling blacksmith dad, who left her behind in Drem's village after her mother's DeathByChildbirth. Blai constantly tells the other children that he'll come back for her someday and is mocked for it. After he makes his disappointing return, she denies that he is her real father.
* GrumpyOldMan: Drem and Drustic's grandfather, the Grandfather, an old warrior who fancies himself a BadassGrandpa and figures ScrewPolitenessImASenior, who's outlived all his contemporaries and his sons.
* HandicappedBadass: Talore the Hunter, who lost his hand but still manages to hunt and fight like the rest of the Men's Side. He advises Drem on what he can and can't do as a one-armed warrior. And Drem himself, obviously.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Drem and his {{Blood Brother|s}} Vortrix, who cries in his arms when they're about to be separated forever.
* HiddenDepths: The point of the chapter in which pale, silent, but occasionally fierce Blai is juxtaposed with her father's iron dagger, a cold silvery metal that nonetheless strikes sparks.
* LastMinuteHookup: Lampshaded. Drem is ObliviousToLove until it suddenly dawns on him in the final scene of the book that he and Blai are BirdsOfAFeather and asks her to marry him roughly five seconds later.
* MyGreatestSecondChance: Drem was supposed to kill a wolf within one day in order to pass his initiation, and no wolf he killed later in the usual course of guarding the sheep would ever count for it. But because he kills the very same wolf, Vortrix persuades the tribe that it had always been unfinished business.
* RedHeadedHero: Drem's a FieryRedhead, but so are his entire family and many of his Tribe. Blai is visibly foreign because she's an EeriePaleSkinnedBrunette.
* SavageWolves: The Men's side mounts the Wolf Guard of the sheep every winter, and each New Spear has to kill a wolf single-handed to join the Men's side. Drem screws it up, but he kills the same wolf a year later while guarding the sheep as one of the shepherds.
* SnowMeansDeath: Drem's battle against the wolves happens in the snow, after he and Doli follow a sheep into a snowstorm. Images of scarlet on white throughout the book, like the blood on the breast of his swan, foreshadow blood on the snow.
* SorryBillyButYouJustDontHaveLegs: Drem was born with his undeveloped right arm (and boundless self-confidence), and doesn't realise that other people consider him handicapped until he overhears his grandfather complaining that he'll never wear the [[RedIsHeroic Warrior Scarlet]].
* ThisIsSomethingHesGotToDoHimself: Zig-zagged. Each New Spear is required to kill his wolf unaided. When Drem slips, Vortrix stabs his wolf to keep it from killing him, which Drem isn't entirely grateful for. When Drem does kill the wolf a year later, Vortrix identifies it by the scar of his spear and uses it to convince the rest of the clan that Drem has passed his test.
!!'''''Flowering Dagger''''' (short story)
Bronze Age Britain. [[StarCrossedLovers A chief's daughter and a hostage from another tribe]] fall in love, before discovering an even more insurmountable obstacle.
* FourthDateMarriage: After being distantly acquainted for more than a year, Saba and Brychan suddenly notice each other for the first time, then immediately acknowledge [[LoveAtFirstSight a powerful sense of connection]]. They pledge their devotion to each other and make plans to elope during their second conversation.
* MosesInTheBullrushes: Brychan was a DoorstopBaby. The titular dagger is his OrphansPlotTrinket, which combined with his DistinguishingMark leads to the revelation of his parentage.
* SuddenlySuitableSuitor: Subverted. Yes, they're from the same tribe after all. That's not all they're both from!
* [[spoiler:SurpriseIncest]]: Whoops.
* [[spoiler:TogetherInDeath: Good thing they've got this dagger handy.]]
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Pervasive. Aside from the characters' conscious hints in dialogue, we have:
** The first paragraphs describe what the scene doesn't yet look like so early in the year, with full growth and beauty still to come, just as Saba and Brychan aren't yet mature (and never will be.)
** Cuckoos aren't just a sign of spring
** The women washing at a ford in the first scene is probably another of Sutcliff's references to the Washer at the Ford, a harbinger of death from CelticMythology.
** The observation that Cordaella's husband was of the correct degree of kinship to marry, and that Saba is more free to choose, is ironic. Cordaella and Garim's sibling interaction is a marked contrast to Saba and Brychan in the same scene.
** The death of the bee by the sting that's compared to the dagger, the superstitious associations of the elder flower the bee is sitting on, and Saba's remark that she doesn't care if Brychan hurts her removing the sting.
** The observation that Brychan's parents' relationship didn't get enough time for "flowering and fruiting", just as his won't.
** The symbolism of flowering dagger, whose blade holds both life (the flower design) and death, and which is both beautiful and fatal, like Saba and Brychan's love for each other.
!!'''''The Chief's Daughter''''' (short story)
Bronze Age Wales. Nessan [[AirVentPassageway frees]] a prisoner intended for {{human sacrifice}} and [[HeroicSacrifice volunteers]] to take his place.
* TheChiefsDaughter: Averted; the protagonist ''is'' the chief's daughter. And she's ten.
* CargoCult: Nessan's people worship a standing stone called the Black Mother. The negotiation of sacred debt that causes the characters so much mental agony is all done in the name of a rock.
* EquivalentExchange: Nessan initially saved Dara from HumanSacrifice by offering a glass bracelet to the Black Mother. When the stream dries up and the priest decides they need to sacrifice him after all, she engineers his escape knowing that [[BalancingDeathsBooks someone will have to take his place]]. His guard knows he'll have to take the fall, until Nessan [[HeroicSacrifice volunteers]] in his place. When Dara comes upon the Black Mother and finds a spear left as an offering, he takes it in exchange for all his food, inadvertently undamming the stream. When the water returns, the priest concludes that Nessan's ''willingness'' to die was an acceptable sacrifice.
* RidiculouslyDifficultRoute: Nessan sends Dara down the cliff face that's usually covered by the water of the stream.
!! '''''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'''''
100 BCE. Lubrin Dhu, the Iceni chief's BlackSheep artist son, [[YouAreInCommandNow finds himself the spokesman of his clan]] when they are conquered by the Attribates. He ransoms his SlaveRace with the design and construction of a great boundary marker [[spoiler: and his own HeroicSacrifice]].
* BecauseDestinySaysSo: As Lubrin puts it, "it is the pattern of things."
* FriendlyEnemy: Lubrin and Cradock might have been friends, if Cradock hadn't conquered his tribe and enslaved him.
* HumanSacrifice: The White Horse must be dedicated with a death, and a chieftain must die for the good of his people.
* LandmarkOfLore: The Iceni's building project is the famous prehistoric chalk drawing the White Horse of Uffington.
* {{Matriarchy}}: Almost. The patriarchal Attribates assume Lubrin, the chief's surviving son, is the new chief of the Iceni. They're actually matrilineal, so the rightful leader is his sister's husband Dara.
* SolarAndLunar: The Iceni worship a moon goddess and the Atribates a sun god. The White Horse secretly symbolises both.
* WhiteStallion: What the White Horse was supposed to be. Cradock remarks after it's finished that he may not be an artist, but he can recognise a mare when he sees one.
!!'''''The Changeling''''' (short story)
Prehistoric Argyll. Tethra, a [[ChangelingTale changeling child]] adopted by the chief of the Epidi, is driven out to rejoin the Little Dark People. When his father is mortally wounded, he must choose between his two tribes.
* MosesInTheBullrushes: Complete with OrphansPlotTrinket, in order to escape HumanSacrifice. He is HappilyAdopted by a MamaBear and PapaWolf.
* OfThePeople: Other Epidi claim that he isn't, and Tethra has to choose whether to throw in his lot with his biological mother or the father who raised him. [[spoiler: He decides that UpbringingMakesTheHero.]]


[[folder: Classical Greece]]

!!'''''The Flowers of Adonis''''' (adult novel)
[[AncientGreece Greece, 415-404 BCE]]. The rise and fall (and rise and fall and rise and fall) of Alkibiades, the notorious Athenian politician - and of Athens - through the eyes of his companions as he sets out on the Sicilian Expedition, reignites UsefulNotes/ThePeloponnesianWar, seduces the queen of Sparta, escapes to the Persians, is welcomed back with open arms by the Athenians, and then loses it all again.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Alkibiades; Antiochus; Timandra (loosely); Timea; Agis; Endius; Pharnobazus; Creator/{{Socrates}}; many others.
* SupportingProtagonist: At least eleven, including one from beyond the grave: the Citizen, the Soldier, the Seaman, the Dead, the Priest, the Queen, the King, the Spartan, the Rower, the Whore, the Satrap.
* ProtagonistCenteredMorality: Sympathetic character = forgives Alkibiades anything.
* ButNotTooGay: Alkibiades is said by Antiochus to be strictly a ladies' man, though he was noted for his beauty in a society where bisexuality was normal (this is consistent with Plutarch's remark that he spurned all his admirers but Socrates.) Arcadius ("The Soldier") falls in love with a comrade who dies before they can do anything about it, and then is never interested in another man.
!!'''''The Truce of the Games''''' / '''''A Crown of Wild Olive''''' (short story)
Greece, 412 BCE. A young Athenian runner [[NotSoDifferent befriends]] his [[WorthyOpponent Spartan competitor]] at the OlympicGames in the middle of UsefulNotes/ThePeloponnesianWar.
* ToBeLawfulOrGood: Amyntas is torn between his duty to represent his city and honour the gods, and his feeling that NoChallengeEqualsNoSatisfaction after Leon is injured.
* DontYouDarePityMe: It's TheSpartanWay. Leon refuses to acknowledge to Amyntas that his injury might affect his performance. [[spoiler: Leon is trying to validate the race for Amyntas, as Amyntas did for him by competing in earnest.]]
* SuckOutThePoison: In a gratuitous, poison-free example, Amyntas washes the dirt out of Leon's cut foot, then sucks it just to be sure.
* MyCountryRightOrWrong: After the Olympic truce expires, Athens and Sparta will resume their war and Amyntas and Leon will return home and enter opposing armies. There is no [[TakeAThirdOption third option]], and they have no realistic hope of meeting again without bitterness.


[[folder: Roman Britain]]

!! '''''Song for a Dark Queen'''''
20s-61 CE. Boudicca, young queen of the Iceni, eventually makes her peace with her bitterly-resented requirement of a male chieftain and a [[ArrangedMarriage political marriage]]. But when the Roman authorities plan to annex her entire kingdom, she leads the British tribes [[KillEmAll in a bloody uprising]].
* AntiHero: She killed seventy or eighty thousand people, most of them civilians, in real life.
* BasedOnATrueStory
* BelligerentSexualTension: Boudicca is the only belligerent, because Prasutagus is a patient DoggedNiceGuy.
* DefiledForever: The Princesses Essylt and Nessan are part of the line of sacred and untouchable priest-queens, so when there's a danger of the tribe perceiving them this way after they're raped ([[ScreamDiscretionShot off-screen]]) by the Romans, their mother Boudicca stamps down hard. The tactless young warriors who try to take liberties with them narrowly escape HumanSacrifice.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: The Iceni have uncongenial attitudes to murder. Killing someone completely harmless without making them suffer too much or mounting a WorthyOpponent's head on a stick are noted as gestures of mercy and respect. In the most marked example, Boudicca kills some Roman women in a way that even the narrator finds unspeakable, then is horrified. . . that she might have profaned the ritual because she got some political gain out of it.
* DividedWeFall: The Iceni and other surrounding tribes choose not to support the Catuvellauni, the powerful tribe embattled by the Romans, because they've already suffered the Catuvellauni's expansionist policy. It turns out TheRomanEmpire is worse than the devil you know.
* ElectiveMonarchy: The Iceni [[{{Matriarchy}} head of state]] is the hereditary Queen, but her husband the King is chosen for her by her parents' Council of chieftains and priests (all of whom seem to be men).
* EpistolaryNovel: Partially – starting about halfway through the novel, the chapters are ended by letters written by [[YoungFutureFamousPeople Gnaeus Julius Agricola]] to his mother, explaining events from the Roman perspective. The main body of the text is narrated off the cuff by the Iceni's official historian, a harper, as he lies dying under a tree at the end of the story.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Boudicca, Prasutagus, their daughters; Caratacus; Agricola, Suetonius Paulinus, Claudius, and other Roman officials and officers.
* HumanSacrifice: Boudicca has the captured women of Camulodunum sacrificed to her mother goddess in some manner [[GoryDiscretionShot too brutal for the narrator to describe]]. She's also interrupted in sacrificing a couple of presumptuous young warriors who hit on her daughters.
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: The first sign of Prasutagus's heart defect and the fever that kills him.
* RapeAsDrama: Boudicca's teenage daughters are raped by the Romans as punishment for the death of a Roman who harassed them, while Boudicca is given ATasteOfTheLash. The incident is part of the Roman traditions about Boudicca's motivations for the uprising.
* RescueRomance: Boudicca rejects Prasutagus until he nearly dies protecting her during a stampede, whereupon she suffers a LoveEpiphany and nurses him back to health, and it turns out they have a PerfectlyArrangedMarriage after all.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: In return for Roman offenses, Boudicca reduced Camulodunum, Verulamium and Londinium to smoking ruins, before Suetonius delivered a NoHoldsBarredBeatDown.
* SupportingProtagonist: The two narrators, a bard with an avuncular relationship to Boudicca who reveals virtually nothing about himself otherwise, and a Roman observer who doesn't affect the plot in any way.
* ThisIsMySide: Boudicca divides her marriage-bed. The line is her drawn sword. Prasutagus has no intention of forcing her to do anything, so this state of affairs continues for months.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: Agricola, later the Governor and conqueror of the farthest extent of Roman Britain, happens to have also been around during the Boudiccan Revolt, but not doing too much and free to narrate some of the novel for us.
!! '''''The Capricorn Bracelet'''''
Six short stories of a Romano-British family, linked by an heirloom military decoration, from the Boudiccan Rebellion to the end of the Roman occupation.
* "Death of a City" 61 AD: LastStand
* "Rome Builds a Wall" 123 AD: OneLastJob
* "Outpost Fortress" 150 AD: EnsignNewbie, FaceYourFears
* "Traprain Law" 196 AD: MaybeMagicMaybeMundane
* "Frontier Scout" 280 AD: BringHelpBack
* "The Eagles Fly South" 383 AD: GreatOffscreenWar
!! '''''Eagle's Egg''''' (short story)
80-83 CE. Quintus, a standard-bearer, can't marry Cordaella without a promotion to Centurion, but it will take Agricola's three-year Caledonian campaign, a mutiny, and the battle of Mons Graupius to get it.
* FramingDevice: How I Met Your Grandmother
* UnableToSupportAWife: Quintus, a junior officer, isn't allowed to marry before reaching the centuriate.
* TheMutiny: One is brewing in Quintus's fort when a few men are given ATasteOfTheLash for stealing wine during their third miserable winter in Scotland.
* TensionCuttingLaughter: Quintus makes an incredibly lame joke about the eagle standard and a duck egg that the troops decide through ContagiousLaughter is SoUnfunnyItsFunny. Cue EverybodyLaughsEnding to the mutiny.
* [[AlasPoorVillain Alas, Poor Antagonist]]: Quintus sees Calgacus only once, when his body is lying on the battlefield of Mons Graupius after his LastStand. He also points out that DoomedMoralVictor Calgacus's famous "Rome makes a desolation and calls it peace" RousingSpeech was [[WrittenByTheWinners written by Tacitus]].
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The Caledonian campaign is closely based on Tacitus's account in his ''Life of Agricola'' (including the {{Historical Domain Character}}s Agricola, Calgacus, and the dead GlorySeeker), even quoting it, but Quintus and his experiences are fictional.
!! '''''The Bridge-Builders''''' (short story)
Androphon, the son of a fort commander on the western border of Roman Britain, is held hostage by Britons during a territorial dispute.
* [[IHaveYourWife I Have Your Son]]: Kyndylan the Chief plans to use Androphon as leverage for persuading the Commander to abandon the construction of the signal tower.
* SheWillComeForMe: Androphon threatens Kyndylan with his father's DisproportionateRetribution, but he's bluffing, as the Romans don't know where Kyndylan's village is, and Kyndylan is planning to move him somewhere better hidden anyway.
* ShameIfSomethingHappened: The story is bookended by two indirectly threatening conversations. Kyndylan claims that his hotheaded young warriors will be upset by the building of a signal tower in the tribe's lands, leading the Commander to predict a series of fatal accidents during the construction. Then Androphon pointedly doesn't accuse his "host" of kidnapping him, so that the Commander can spare the British village and Kyndylan can cooperate in return.
!!'''"Swallows in the Spring"''' (short story)
Circa 130 CE. A survivor of the Ninth Legion returns to Eburacum.
* LostRomanLegion: The vanished Ninth Legion casts a long shadow over their replacements the Sixth Victrix, even a dozen years after their disappearance. No one knows whether they were really destroyed, or worse, deserted.
* ShellShockedVeteran: Fulvius, who was [[SurvivorGuilt left behind by the Ninth]] and then kept in the same fort as part of the Sixth; Stripey; and to some extent the narrator, Dexius, who claims that a lifetime in the frontier garrisons would drive anyone mad.
* StrangerInAFamiliarLand: Stripey was one of Fulvius's men from the Ninth Legion, but he's so covered in [[GoingNative Pict tattoos]] he's unrecognisable, and so [[TraumaInducedAmnesia traumatised]] that he [[TheSpeechless can't tell anyone]].
150s CE. Beric, a Roman {{foundling}}, is cast out of his adoptive British tribe and [[MadeASlave enslaved]] in Rome.
* BecauseYouWereNiceToMe: After a few months as a slave, Beric just wants to recognised as a human being. He reverses his opinion of Lucilla after she's kind to him.
* ButForMeItWasTuesday: Beric eventually meets the Roman legate who indirectly got him and Jason beaten half to death, while working on the dyke. The legate naturally enough does not remember him.
* ButtMonkey: Virtually every terrible thing than could happen to Beric happens: His parents die in a shipwreck, other children harass him for being Roman, his father's enemies [[PersonaNonGrata make him a scapegoat and get him exiled]], he is kidnapped and enslaved, bought by a venal master, given to a worse one with a grudge against him, helps his only friends leave him forever, gets caught and arrested as a bandit, is sent to be a GalleySlave, has his only friend die, and gets beaten and thrown overboard. On the other hand, he never quite dies, either.
* DefeatMeansFriendship: Beric becomes best friends with Cathlan, at Cathlan's instigation, shortly after beating the crap out of him for teasing him about being Roman.
* TheEngineer: Justinius, the Builder of Roads and Drainer of Marshes. Alternatively he has "a straight road for a son and a marsh for a wife."
* FromBadToWorse: Exiled? Stoned! Enslaved? Sold to the mines! Arrested? Sentenced to the galleys! Beaten? Tossed overboard and friend dies!
* GalleySlave: Beric spends two years in the army's Rhenus fleet, chained to a rowing bench alongside his oar-mate Jason.
* HostileWeather: The novel is bookended by two great storms: the one that orphans Beric, and the one that threatens to destroy his adoptive father's engineering project, the dyke that protects Romney Marsh from the sea. There's also the one in the middle that indirectly kills Jason.
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: Beric's beloved oar-mate, Jason.
* LukeIMightBeYourFather: Justinius takes an interest in Beric because he resembles his dead wife. Beric proudly disabuses him of the notion that he might be the long-lost kid and tries to slink off, but Justinius asks him to stay on as an adopted son anyway.
* OneLastJob: Justinius is leaving Rome forever to complete the Rhee Wall in Britain and then retire there. His friends in Italy are appalled that he'll spend the rest of his life [[ItWillNeverCatchOn in such a forsaken backwater]].
* ATasteOfTheLash: Jason gets whipped for malingering after he collapses at his oar. Then he gets tossed overboard, so Beric attacks the overseer. Then ''Beric'' gets flogged and tossed overboard.
* WelcomeToTheBigCity: The recently-burned-down Roman border town Beric arrives in is the biggest he's ever seen. He thinks the basilica is a private dwelling and gets suckered by a crew of Greek slave-traders.
* YankTheDogsChain: Beric meets helpful friends in Isca Dumnoniorum: they enslave him. A kind young soldier wants to buy him: he can't afford it. Lucilla asks her father for Beric as a wedding present: Glaucus already asked for him. Beric meets Justinius: Glaucus decides to sell him to the mines. A farmer shelters him on his escape: the cops raid the place and arrest him. Beric's galley sails for Britain: Jason gets worked to death and Beric gets tossed overboard. Justinius's people shelter him: it's a case of mistaken identity. Everything works out in the end, though!
!!'''''A Circlet of Oak Leaves''''' (short story)
150s CE. Aracos, a medical orderly, turns a battle against British tribesmen while disguised as a standard bearer.
* EmergencyImpersonation: Aracos takes the place of nearly-IdenticalStranger Felix, a ShellShockedVeteran, so Felix won't be charged with desertion.
* BattleAmongstTheFlames: The valour of the auxiliary cavalry is at issue in the tavern because they stampeded when the Picts fired the heather. Only the Dacian cavalry, which Aracos led, rode through the flames because they train their mounts to charge through fire in a trick riding display. Aracos collapses afterward from smoke inhalation.
* ScrapHeapHero: Aracos, two or three times over – rejected from the cavalry for a heart defect, left to join the medical corps; invalided out of the army, ending up an obscure horse-breaker in Britain; and by the end of the story, believed to have lied about winning the Corona Civica by everyone in his local pub.
!!'''''The Mark of the Horse Lord'''''
[[Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord Has its own tropes page.]] 180s CE. Phaedrus, a freed gladiator, plays the role of [[RightfulKingReturns lost heir]] to the patriarchal Dalriads in their war of succession against the matriarchal Caledones.
!! "The Fugitives" (short story)
Lucian, an army officer's paralysed son, hides a deserter from the men sent to recapture him.
* FaceYourFears: Lucian hates acknowleding his disability to other people. The deserter has to decide whether army life is worse than life on the run.
* ThrowingOffTheDisability: An aversion, which is the whole point. Lucian has fled from acknowledging, until he has to to protect the deserter, that SorryBillyButYouJustDontHaveLegs.


[[folder: The Dark Ages]]
!!'''''The Shining Company'''''
600 CE. Prosper, a Welsh shieldbearer, recounts the mustering and destruction of the Gododdin host against the Saxons of Catraeth.
* AlliterativeFamily: Cynan, Cynran, and Cynri Mac Clydno, who originate in Welsh legend.
* AnAssKickingChristmas: Mynyddog's second equipment-giving feast is at Midwinter. The Company and the Teulu, the king's bodyguard, fall to arguing about the Champion's portion of the roast and end up in a mead-fuelled brawl and nearly burn down Dyn Eidin.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: Prosper and Cynan ride off into the sunrise to join the Emperor of Constantinople's Varangian Guard.
* CallingTheOldManOut: Aneirin and Prosper's account of the battle in the Hall in Dyn Eidin turns into calling Mynyddog to account for his failure to reinforce them.
* DefeatMeansFriendship: Zig-zagged. Prosper accidentally shames a shieldbearer named Faelinn during a test, and Faelinn resents it until another test exposes the same weakness in Prosper to him. They fall together during the siege of Catraeth and become Cynan's replacement shieldbearers, and though still not exactly friends, they'd rather go into the LastStand together than not.
* DueToTheDead: The earlier dead are buried in mass graves, stripped of their precious equipment but left their personal ornaments. There's no one left to bury the last of the Company, but their memorial will be the song of Aneirin, ''Y Gododdin''.
* EverybodysDeadDave: Prosper and Cynan are the {{Sole Survivor}}s of the Shining Company, and that's by accident.
* HeroicBastard: Ceredig the Fosterling, captain of the Teulu and the Company. Prosper speculates that Mynyddog may never have publically acknowledged him as his son until sending him off on his SuicideMission.
* ItHasBeenAnHonor: Part of Ceredig the Fosterling's RousingSpeech.
* KingArthur: Artos (as seen in ''Sword at Sunset'') is the optimistic precedent for the effectiveness of a Company of three hundred. The other precedent is the Spartans at Thermopylae. ''Y Goddodin'' happens to be the earliest record of Arthur.
* LastStand: When two-thirds of the Company are dead and their reinforcements fail to materialise, the Fosterling decides on a SelfDestructiveCharge in the hopes of TakingYouWithMe, since they have no chance of escaping the encircling Saxons.
* LineInTheSand: The Fosterling offers everyone (still alive) the chance to OptOut of the SelfDestructiveCharge, judgement-free. No one does, of course.
* TheMarvelousDeer: Prosper, Conn, and Luned are the first to sight the white hart that they decide to protect from the prince Gorthyn's hunting. Gorthyn calls off the hunt himself on seeing the deer and thereby wins Prosper's loyalty and his services as shieldbearer.
* ShellShockedVeteran: Cynan is one part concussion, one part the deaths of his brothers, and one part betrayal.
* TheSiege: The Company takes Catraeth to hold it in advance of the British war hosts' arrival. TheCavalry doesn't come, and they find themselves trapped in their ruined fortress.
* SingleGirlSeeksMostPopularGuy: Ladies' man Cynan and his very devoted old friend, the Princess Niamh. He's too damaged to requite her, but he rides away wearing TheLadysFavour.
* TheStoryteller: Aneirin, the poet of ''Y Gododdin'', whose job it is to immortalise the Company in song.
* SuicideMission: Mynyddog knows almost as soon as the Company has left that no help is coming from his neighbours and he can't afford to waste the rest of his war host rescuing them. He doesn't recall them, on the off chance that they might manage to kill the expansionist Saxon king. They have no idea.
* TwoGuysAndAGirl: Prosper's two childhood friends are his cousin Luned with whom he's LikeBrotherAndSister, and his bondservant Conn. Prosper thinks at one point that his father might marry him to Luned, but Conn and Luned are more attracted to each other, and in the end he sends Conn home as a free man to marry her if he can.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The novel is based on ''Y Gododdin'', an elegiac poem allegedly written by an eyewitness of the battle, but since the major drama of the poem is that [[EverybodysDeadDave all the heroes die]], the novel focuses on their unnamed supporters, the shieldbearers like Prosper.
!!'''''Blood Feud'''''
985-990 CE. Jestyn, an English Christian, joins his Viking [[BloodBrothers blood brother]] on a pagan feud that takes them to the ByzantineEmpire.
* AluminumChristmasTrees: Hunting with tame cheetahs. It was a thing, apparently.
* BloodBrothers: Jestyn makes Thormod make them blood brothers so that Thormod won't leave him behind on his blood feud. This has the downside that Jestyn actually has to ''carry out'' Thormod's blood feud.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: Jestyn, Thormod, Anders, and the rest of their crews are part of the founding of the Byzantine emperor's Varangian Guard.
* CombatMedic: Jestyn starts his career as a cow doctor, then becomes a Viking and a mercenary, then becomes a physician's orderly who's vowed to kill somebody.
* ConvenientlyAnOrphan: Jestyn's parents die when he's a child, which makes the decision to follow Thormod to Denmark and settle in Byzantium simple. He says that his wife worries he's nostalgic for England, but he has no reason to ever return there.
* CycleOfRevenge: Thormod and Jestyn return home to find that Thormod's father has accidentally killed a neighbour and his sons, Thormod's best friends, have duly killed him, and expect Thormod to hunt them down in Miklagard for a DuelToTheDeath. Jestyn's blood brotherhood with Thormod obligates him to carry on the feud, and the conflict with his beliefs as a [[TurnTheOtherCheek Christian]] and a [[InconvenientHippocraticOath doctor]] is the ethical crux of the novel.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Khan Vladimir of Kiev, Basil II and Anna of Byzantium
* MixedAncestry: Jestyn Englishman has a Saxon mother and a wandering Celtic blacksmith father. Erland Silkbeard is an early Russian, half Scandinavian and half easterner.
* RescueRomance: When Jestyn meets Alexia, he doesn't just save her from a marauding cheetah, he proceeds to deliver her pet gazelle's fawn by caesarian section. She then takes him in off the street when he's out of a job.
** [[HoYay Platonically speaking]], Thormod "rescued" Jestyn from the slave-market, and Jestyn "rescued" him from a tavern fight, which is why Thormod freed him.


[[folder: Norman England]]

!!'''''Knight's Fee'''''
1094-1106 CE. Randall, a half-Saxon dog-boy, is raised as a squire by the Norman lords of a feudal manor.
* AnimalMotifs: Randal grows up in a kennel and is frequently likened to a hound himself, including ''by'' himself.
--> '''Herluin:''' He has lived so long with hounds that along with most of their faults he has learned the hound's chief virtue of faithfulness.
* BecauseYouWereNiceToMe: Randall's stated reason for his devotion to Herluin and to Everard d'Aguillon, although Herluin disclaims any actual kindness on his part. It's also the reason Sir Everard 's Saxon villeins love their Norman overlord.
--> '''Sir Everard:''' Randal–do you love me then?
--> '''Randal:''' If you take a half-starved dung-hill whelp and bring it up to be your hunting dog and hearth companion, you're likely to find that the silly brute loves you!
* {{Blackmail}}: Randal threatens to expose Thiebaut de Coucy as a conspirator against Red William in order to keep him from taking Dean.
* BurnTheWitch: In one of the story's unlikelier twists, de Coucy dons a PaperThinDisguise to incite a mob with TorchesAndPitchforks against Ancret and the manor in order to attack Randal.
* ComingOfAgeStory
* DarkSkinnedBlond: Randal's colouring shows his [[MixedAncestry half-Saxon heritage]] and contrasts with his Norman foster brother, white-skinned dark-haired Bevis d'Aguillon.
* DawnOfAnEra: Of a shared English nationality united against [[FrenchJerk further invasions]].
* DiedInYourArmsTonight: [[spoiler: Bevis in Randal's after Tenchebrai]].
* FamousLastWords: The dying William de Braose's message to his equally dying friend and liegeman Everard d'Aguillon:
-->'''de Braose:''' ''I am away; see that you follow my banner as close as you did at Senlac.''
* FieryRedhead: King William the Second, "Red William"; Hugh Goch and his brother Robert de Belleme; and Gisella.
--> "Hugh Montgomery, whom the Welsh called Hugh Goch–Hugh the Red–from the colour of his hair and perhaps for other reasons also."
* ForWantOfANail: Randal's life changes course entirely because he accidentally dropped a fig off the battlements of Arundel Castle...onto the lord of Arundel Castle.
* HeroicBastard: Randal, the son of a Saxon lady and a Breton man-at-arms.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Randal and Bevis, foster brothers who plan to spend the rest of their lives as squire and knight.
--> '''Philip de Braose:''' God forbid that I should part [[Literature/TheSongOfRoland Roland and Oliver!]]
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Red William, Duke Robert and Henry of Coutances; Hugh Goch and Robert de Belleme, notably.
* IdenticalGrandson: Everard and Bevis d'Aguillon, as the characters lampshade.
* IntrepidMerchant: Sir Everard's old friend Laef Thorkelson, with whom he made a voyage to the far north.
* TheJester: Herluin the minstrel of Robert de Belleme, who is able to protect Randal from Hugh Goch through socially-acceptable insolence.
* KnightInShiningArmour: The d'Aguillons, notably.
* TheLadysFavour: Gisella gives Randal a sprig of rosemary before his first campaign, which he tucks away with his lump of amber. He gives it to Bevis after Tenchebrai.
* LastMinuteHookup: The narrator notes that it hasn't yet occurred to Randal in the last scene that he's eligible to marry Gisella, but it will.
* LostHimInACardGame: Herluin wins Randal off Hugh Goch in a game of chess. Because SmartPeoplePlayChess.
* PropheciesAreAlwaysRight: Ancret the wise-woman's prophetic dreams and the random old woman Randal meets in the woods on the eve of Tenchebrai are uncannily accurate about future developments.
* RescueRomance: Randal rescues Gisella from the midst of a dog fight the second time they meet. [[SingleWomanSeeksGoodMan She's extra impressed]] because she'd slapped and insulted him the first time.
* SecretTestOfCharacter: After Tenchebrai Randal's liege-lord gives him the choice of Dean or the chance to ransom the captive Herluin. Randal chooses his debt to Herluin. His lord then remarks that he'd like to have a liegeman who's faithful to the point of stupidity, and gives him both. Naturally he wins Randal's UndyingLoyalty on the spot.
* StockWeaponNames: Bevis names his dog Joyeuse after Charlemagne's sword and his horse Durandal after Roland's.
* ZeroPercentApprovalRating: King William II is widely unpopular among his Barons, which is probably why he ended up dead in his deer park in the middle of a hunting party.
!!'''''The Witch's Brat'''''
12th century CE. Lovel, an orphan with a crooked back and foot, becomes an infirmarian monk and helps found St. Bartholomew's hospital.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Rahere
* TheMedic: Lovel invents physical therapy.


[[folder: Tudor England]]

!!'''''Brother Dusty-Feet'''''
16th century CE. A runaway headed for Oxford joins a troupe of travelling entertainers.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: Sir Walter Raleigh
!!'''''The Armourer's House'''''
1634 CE. Tamsyn Caunter, who desperately wishes she could be a merchant venturer, must instead go to live with her uncle in London. She settles into the colourful life of the household and city while sharing the secret of their mutual seafaring ambition with her quiet cousin Piers.
* DescriptionPorn
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn make a cameo appearance.
* IntrepidMerchant: The "merchant venturers" like Tamsyn's uncle Martin who are exploring the New World in search of new profits.
* SliceOfLife
* ShowWithinAShow: Most of one chapter is an in-story telling of Literature/TamLin.
!!'''''The Queen Elizabeth Story'''''
16th century CE. Perdita Pettle, who can see "[[OurFairiesAreDifferent Pharisees]]", is granted her wish to see the Queen's Grace in a year and a day. The year passes through the adventures of Elizabethan country childhood.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Elizabeth I.
* SliceOfLife
* DescriptionPorn
* ShowWithinAShow: Two chapters are given over to in-story recountings of "[[KingArthur Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady]]" and Literature/TheChildrenOfLir.
!!'''''Lady In Waiting''''' (adult novel)
1566-1618 CE. Sir Walter [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Ralegh]] spends his life courting royal support for his expeditions to the New World, and his wife Bess spends hers supporting her husband's all-consuming dream.
* HappilyMarried: Despite the fact that their whole family life revolves around Ralegh's dangerous, time-consuming career, they love each other and she doesn't resent it.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Elizabeth Throckmorton, Sir Walter Raleigh, their family; Elizabeth I; Sir Robert Cecil; Henry Stuart; many others.


[[folder: Stuart & Hanover]]

!!'''''The Rider of the White Horse''''' (adult novel)
EnglishCivilWar. Sir Thomas Fairfax, followed by his wife Anne, commands Parliamentarian forces in the northern campaign of the war, culminating in the battle of Marston Moor.
* ArrangedMarriage: Anne and Thomas. She eventually fell in love with him, and he feels bad that he didn't.
* BasedOnATrueStory
* FlorenceNightingaleEffect
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Anne Fairfax, Sir Thomas Fairfax, etc.
* OopNorth
* WhiteStallion
1640s. {{Heterosexual Life Partner}}s Simon Carey and Amias Hannaford join up on opposite sides of the EnglishCivilWar. Simon's estrangement from Amias, and his corporal [[AerithAndBob Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf]]'s vendetta against a treacherous friend, are ultimately tested in the battle of Torrington.
* FightingTheLancer: Simon is TheLancer to [[HeroOfAnotherStory Amias]], and their years-long estrangement forces Simon to become independent of him and weighs their personal against their political loyalties.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: The novel's major subplot. Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf, though a fanatical believer in the Puritan cause, goes AWOL from the the Parliamentarian army to avenge himself on a former friend and neighbour who has stolen from him, deserts ''again'' after being recaptured and given ATasteOfTheLash, and then joins the Royalist army in order to get close enough to the traitor to kill him. He genuinely doesn't understand why he isn't allowed to do any of this.
* SeriousBusiness: The thing that the neighbour stole from Zeal-for-the-Lord is... a fancy tulip bulb he'd bred.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The church really did blow up, and no one knows who did it.
* ContrivedCoincidence: Much of the plot depends on improbable reunions and InfallibleBabble, though admittedly it all takes place in [[ItsASmallWorldAfterAll Devon]].
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Sir Thomas Fairfax, Col. Ireton, Maj. Disbrow, Sir Philip "Daddy" Skippon, Oliver Cromwell, Dr. David Morrison, Chaplain Joshua Sprigg, and other Parliamentarian officers and pastors; Royalist commanders
!!'''''Bonnie Dundee'''''
1680s Scotland. Hugh Herriot becomes galloper to Claverhouse, leader of government forces against the Scottish Covenanters. When William of Orange takes the English throne, Claverhouse's men become rebels in turn.
* AnArmAndALeg: Hugh retires from soldiering in France when he loses an arm. So the obvious thing to do is take up painting instead.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee; other lords and officers.
!!'''''Flame-Coloured Taffeta'''''
18th century. Damaris and Peter shelter a wounded Jacobite smuggler.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: The events of the novel are an episode in passing among Tom Wildgoose's adventures.
!!'''''Blood and Sand''''' (adult novel)
NapoleonicWars. Thomas Keith, a Scottish prisoner of war, is befriended by Tussun, son of the governor of Egypt, and serves them through a deadly power struggle in their court and a war in Arabia, rising to become governor of Medina.
* BasedOnATrueStory: Thomas and company were {{Historical Domain Character}}s. According to the afterword, the only thing made up was his wife Anoud.
* RescueRomance: Thomas rescues Anoud from being assaulted in the street.


[[folder:Myths and Legends]]

* ''Black Ships Before Troy'': TheTrojanWar.
* ''The Wanderings of Odysseus'': ''Literature/TheOdyssey''.
* ''The Hound of Ulster'': the exploits of Cuchulainn.
* ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool''
* ''Beowulf: Dragonslayer''
* ''Tristan and Iseult''
* ''The Sword and the Circle'': KingArthur
* ''The Light Beyond the Forest'': KingArthur
* ''The Road to Camlann'': KingArthur
* ''The Chronicles of RobinHood''

[[folder:Picture Books]]
* ''People of the Past: A Saxon Settler''
* ''The Roundabout Horse''
* ''A Little Dog Like You''
* ''Little Hound Found''
* ''The Minstrel and the Dragon Pup''
* ''Chess-dream in a Garden''


* ''Blue Remembered Hills'': Autobiography of her life up to the beginning of her writing career.
* ''Rudyard Kipling'': A monograph on Kipling's works for children.
* ''Houses and History''
* ''Heroes and History''