[[caption-width-right:260:Armchair warrior]]

Rosemary Sutcliff (1920-1992) was a British writer of YoungAdult HistoricalFiction, who published some fifty books between 1950 and 1997. She is best-known for her novels set in Roman Britain, particularly ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''. She was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire for her services to children's literature.

Sutcliff was the daughter of a Royal Navy commander, and much of her work focuses on military officers and the life of the service. At two years old, she developed juvenile arthritis which partially crippled her; she spent much of her childhood in and out of hospital and used a wheelchair in later life. Medicine and disabled characters play a prominent role in her fiction. She was educated largely at home by her mother, who introduced her to literature, especially Myth/CelticMythology and [[KingArthur the Matter of Britain]]. She also became a great admirer of Creator/RudyardKipling, who strongly influences her prose, settings, and themes. As a young adult, she trained as an artist, working as a painter of miniatures. A vivid evocation of visual detail later translated to her writing.

She published her first books, ''The Chronicles of Robin Hood'' and ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'', with Oxford University Press in 1950. They were followed by three more novels before her breakout bestseller ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'', which as SchoolStudyMedia became the TropeCodifier of the LostRomanLegion for generations of children, and has inspired several adaptations including the 2011 film ''Film/TheEagle''. It was eventually followed by seven loosely linked sequels sometimes known as "The Eagle of the Ninth Chronicles" or "the Dolphin Ring series", after the signet ring [[GenerationalSaga passed down through the generations]] of a Roman British family.

Sutcliff was commended six times for the UK's most prestigious award for children's writing, the UsefulNotes/CarnegieMedal. ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'' (1954), ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Shield Ring]]'' (1956), ''The Silver Branch'' (1957), and ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'' (1958) were shortlisted before ''The Lantern Bearers'' won in 1959. After a rule change that allowed repeat winners, she received her final commendation for ''Tristan and Iseult'' in 1971.

The official site of her literary estate is [[http://rosemarysutcliff.com/ rosemarysutcliff.com]]. A 1983 [[Creator/TheBBC BBC]] Radio ''[[Radio/DesertIslandDiscs Desert Island Discs]]'' interview with Sutcliff can be heard [[http://www.bbc.co.uk/radio4/features/desert-island-discs/castaway/cf9decb8 here]]; a 1986 interview can be read [[http://d.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/text/interview-with-rosemary-sutcliff here]].

!!Works with their own pages:
* 900 BC: ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'' (1958)
* 126 CE: ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'' (1954)
** ''Film/TheEagle'' (2011)
* 130 CE: ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'' (1955)
* 180 CE: ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'' (1965)
* 290 CE: ''The Silver Branch'' (1957), see Literature/TheDolphinRing
* 341 CE: ''Literature/FrontierWolf'' (1980)
* 450 CE: ''The Lantern Bearers'' (1959), see Literature/TheDolphinRing
* 480 CE: ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'' (1963)
* 585 CE: ''Dawn Wind'' (1961), see Literature/TheDolphinRing
* 890 CE: ''Sword Song'' (1997), see Literature/TheDolphinRing
* 1090 CE: ''The Shield Ring'' (1956), see Literature/TheDolphinRing
* 1094 CE: ''Literature/KnightsFee'' (1960)
!! Other works include examples of:


[[folder:Recurring Tropes]]
* ActionFilmQuietDramaScene: Her calling-card, too many to list.
* AnimalMotifs: In keeping with her broader focus on nature, lots of people get compared to symbolic animals:
** CanineCompanion: Esca "the Centurion's hound" in ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Cullen "the Hound of Curoi" in ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Silver Branch]]''; Drem is a "Hound of Dumnorix in ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Randal the dog-boy in ''Literature/KnightsFee''; ''The Hound of Ulster'', Cú Chulainn; Jestyn in ''Blood Feud''; Hugh Herriot in ''Bonnie Dundee''.
** SavageWolves: Saxon raiders, or "Sea Wolves"; the Frontier Scouts of ''Literature/FrontierWolf''; Ari "Grey Wolf" Knudsen of ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Shield Ring]]''; "lone wolves" Aquila of ''The Lantern Bearers'' and Jestyn again.
** Foxes: [[Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth Cottia]]; Vortigern and sons in ''The Lantern Bearers''; Vedrix of ''Eagle's Egg''.
** NobleBirdOfPrey: the Roman Legions, or the Eagles; [[Literature/TheDolphinRing the Aquila family]]; the Grandfather of ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Captain Faa of ''Bonnie Dundee''; [[Literature/KnightsFee the Montgomery brothers]]; [[Literature/SwordAtSunset Pharic and Maelgwn]].
** HeroicDolphin: The titular Dolphin House in ''The Armourer's House''; the Aquila family signet Literature/TheDolphinRing; Aquila's nickname and Bruni's crest in ''The Lantern Bearers''.
* AnyoneCanDie: Protagonists, best friends, dads, mentors, dogs, horses, babies...no one is safe.
* AuthorAppeal: Every trope in this folder, pretty much, but HeroicSacrifice, UndyingLoyalty, DescriptionPorn, HeterosexualLifePartners and a CanineCompanion are a good start.
* AuthorCatchphrase: Lots, including the coinages "woodshore" (the edge of the woods) and "house-place" (pointless alliteration).
** The North "went up in flames" about once per book
** "It is in my heart that" this is a long way to say "I think"
** Leaf-buds are like green flame or smoke, fire is like a flower, white flowers are like curds, and sea-foam is like cream
** "stirabout": [[Literature/TheToughGuideToFantasyland because "stew" is cliche]]
** "wave-lift": the shape a hill reminds one of, usually the Downs of southern England
** A Celtic woman invariably "carried herself like a queen". She may also wear braids "as thick as a swordsman's wrist" and her love interest may be able to "warm my hands at you". If she's really into him it's probably a case of "whistle and I'll come to you my lad" (a line stolen from Creator/RobertBurns' poem.)
** The green plover is always calling. Always.
*** To say nothing of the curlew.
** Young men and dogs who "plunge joyfully" into fights.
** "Juicy" wounds.
* BasedOnATrueStory: Most of her HistoricalFiction is set in the context of true events. Though her protagonists are usually fictional characters on the ground, they often cross paths with a real HistoricalDomainCharacter.
** ''Shifting Sands'' dramatises the abandonment of Orkney's prehistoric Skara Brae site.
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'' and ''A Crown of Wild Olive'': the career of Alkibiades and the Peloponnesian War.
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'' is the story of the Iron Age artist who designs the White Horse of Uffington.
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': the Roman conquest of Britain and the rebellion of [[UsefulNotes/{{Boudica}} Boudicca]].
** ''Eagle's Egg'': Agricola's Caledonian campaigns and the Battle of Mons Graupius.
** ''The Silver Branch'': the Carausian rebellion.
** ''Literature/FrontierWolf'' is reportedly an incident from the 3rd Anglo-Afghan War RecycledInSpace
** ''The Lantern Bearers'' and ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': the Anglo-Saxon settlement of Britain and the possible historical KingArthur
** ''Dawn Wind'': the landing of Augustine of Canterbury, apostle to the English.
** ''The Shining Company'': the Battle of Catraeth.
** ''Sword Song'': the unification of Norway and Viking exodus to Scotland and Iceland.
** ''Blood Feud'': the foundation of Russia and Byzantine conquest of Bulgaria.
** ''The Shield Ring'': the Norse resistance against the Normans.
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': the battle of Tenchebrai.
** ''The Witch's Brat'': the founding of St. Bartholomew's Hospital.
** ''Lady in Waiting'': the career of Walter Raleigh
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'' and ''Simon'': the Civil War campaigns of Sir Thomas Fairfax.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': the campaigns of Lord Dundee in the Covenanter and Jacobite rebellions.
** ''Blood and Sand'': Ottoman campaigns in Arabia and the career of Thomas Keith.
* BittersweetEnding: Victory is fleeting, but HeroicSacrifice is forever. They'll [[EarnYourHappyEnding Earn Their Happy Ending]] at the least; at worst TheHeroDies. And the dog dies. And the horse.
* BuryYourDisabled: Averted, along with other disability tropes. Sutcliff was physically disabled from early childhood, and wrote many characters who work around congenital defects, CareerEndingInjury, chronic illnesses, and in a few cases mental illness, as well as the odd disability-adjacent issue like stammering or disfigurement.
** Congenital physical defects: Adam Hilyarde, ''The Queen Elizabeth Story''; Robert Cecil, ''Lady in Waiting''; Drem, ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Vadir Cedricson, ''Dawn Wind''; Gwalchmai, ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Lovel, ''The Witch's Brat''.
** Acquired physical disabilities: John Carey, ''Simon''; Marcus, ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Talore, ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Midir, ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord''; Lucian, ''The Fugitives''; Timotheus, ''The Flowers of Adonis''; Lucius Calpurnius, ''The Capricorn Bracelet''; Rory the Dirk, ''We Lived in Drumfyvie''; Jestyn, ''Blood Feud''; Hugh Herriot, ''Bonnie Dundee''; Conn, ''The Shining Company''; Onund Treefoot, ''Sword Song''.
** Invisible physical conditions: Sir Thomas Fairfax, ''The Rider of the White Horse''; Aracos, ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves''; Prasutagus, ''Song for a Dark Queen''.
** Mental irregularities: The Tom-o'-Bedlam, ''Brother Dusty-Feet''; the mazelin, ''The Shield Ring''; Cullen, ''The Silver Branch''; Stripey, ''Swallows in the Spring''; Daft Fergie, Old Nannie, and Geordie Breck, ''We Lived in Drumfyvie''.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: The bodyguard of the Byzantine emperor is featured in several novels as a kind of French Foreign Legion analogue. Jestyn, Thormod, and Anders are part of the founding of the Varangian Guard in ''Blood Feud''; Prosper and Cynan ride off into the sunrise to join it at the end of ''The Shining Company''; and Bedwyr is on his way to join it when he meets Artos and takes up with him instead in ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''. Sir Everard d'Aguillon says he'd join it if he were young in ''Literature/KnightsFee''.
** Allectus has a Saxon bodyguard/secret police/private army in ''The Silver Branch''.
** Thomas Keith, the BraveScot servant of the Albanian rulers of Ottoman Egypt, in ''Blood and Sand''. Considering he once fought off ten assassins single-handed and became a general and the governor of Medina, he might count as a cadre.
* CallToAgriculture: Part-time occupation or ultimate destiny of many characters, true to their pre-industrial and often rural settings: Adam Hilyarde, ''The Queen Elizabeth Story''; Simon Carey, ''Simon''; Marcus et al., ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Beric and Justinius (as horse-breeders), ''Literature/{{Outcast}}''; Bjorn and Frytha, ''The Shield Ring''; Flavius, ''The Silver Branch''; Drem, ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Aquila (as a slave), ''The Lantern Bearers''; Sir Thomas Fairfax, ''The Rider of the White Horse''; Randal and the d'Aguillons, ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Owain, ''Dawn Wind''; Artos (horse-breeding), ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Aracos, ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves''; Lovel (physic gardening), ''The Witch's Brat''; Jestyn (cow herd), ''Blood Feud''; Damaris Crocker and Peter Ballard, ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta''; Bjarni and Angharad, ''Sword Song''.
* CanineCompanion: Sutcliff HeroesLoveDogs, [[AuthorAppeal as she did]]. Besides most of her protagonists having one, several human characters are [[AnimalMotif explicitly identified with dogs]], and many Celtic characters have names including the word for dog, ''cu''.
** Bran and Peterkin, ''The Queen Elizabeth Story''; Bunch, ''The Armourer's House''; Argos, [[Literature/TheSongOfRoland Roland and Oliver]], ''Brother Dusty-Feet''; Jillot and Joram, ''Simon''; Cub, ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Gelert and Canog, ''Literature/{{Outcast}}''; Garm, ''The Shield Ring''; Whitethroat, ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Cabal, ''The Lantern Bearers'' and ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Math, ''The Bridge-Builders''; Bran and Gerland, Joyeuse, Matilda, Math and Mathonwy, ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Boatswain, ''Houses and History''; Dog, ''Dawn Wind''; Syrius, ''The Fugitives''; Dexius's hound, ''Swallows in the Spring''; Brindle, ''Blood Feud''; Caspar, ''Bonnie Dundee''; Gelert, ''The Shining Company''; Astrid and Hugin, ''Sword Song''.
* CapitalLettersAreMagic
* Myth/CelticMythology: Most of Sutcliff's fiction is set in the British Isles and Ireland, in a period when most of the population is Celtic. She wrote two volumes of Celtic legends, and referenced elements of Celtic mythology in many of her novels.
** ''The Hound of Ulster'': retells the life of Cú Chulainn, including the [[Literature/TainBoCuailnge Táin Bó Cúailnge]].
** ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool'': retells the life of Fionn Mac Cumhail, including [[Literature/TheExileOfTheSonsOfUisnech the Exile of the Sons of Uisnech]].
** ''The Shining Company'' is based on the semi-historical Welsh epic ''Y Gododdin''.
** In ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'', an Irish great-aunt retells "[[Literature/TheChildrenOfLir The Children of Lir]]".
** The Washer at the Ford, a forerunner of death, appears (or is thought to appear) in ''The Hound of Ulster'', ''Song for a Dark Queen'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', and ''Bonnie Dundee'', and is perhaps alluded to in ''Flowering Dagger'' and ''The Changeling''.
** The Roman and Viking heroes of ''Literature/FrontierWolf'' and ''Sword Song'' are familiar with Cuchulainn, and the Viking also hears about [[Literature/TheChildrenOfLir Fionoula]] and Iseult.
* ChildhoodFriendRomance: Romance is not a prominent element in most of Sutcliff's stories, so if anyone does get together, it's probably two longtime platonic friends, and it's probably via LastMinuteHookup.
** ''The Queen Elizabeth Story'': Perdita Pettle and Adam Hilyarde
** ''The Armourer's House'': Tamsyn and her cousin Piers make a ChildhoodMarriagePromise to be merchant adventurers together.
** ''Simon'': Simon and Susanna; Amias and Simon's sister Mouse
** ''Literature/{{The Eagle of the Ninth}}'': Marcus and Cottia, who is [[SheIsAllGrownUp All Grown Up]].
** ''The Shield Ring'': Frytha and Bjorn, PlatonicLifePartners since age six.
** ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'': Drem and Blai, his not-quite adopted sister.
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Randall and Gisella
** ''Dawn Wind'': Owain and Regina
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Gault and Levin, previously HeterosexualLifePartners
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Hugh and Darklis
** ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta'': Damaris and Peter
** ''The Shining Company'': Conn and Luned
* ConflictingLoyalties: Though their [[HonorBeforeReason duty is usually clear]], Sutcliff's characters are often challenged with personal ties to enemy friends or the other side of a MixedAncestry.
** ''The Chief's Daughter'': Ness arranges the escape of a captive she's befriended.
** ''The Truce of the Games'': Athenian Amyntas befriends Spartan Leon and debates whether ToBeLawfulOrGood.
** ''The Changeling'': Tethra chooses between his adopted father's and his birth mother's peoples.
** ''The Eagle of the Ninth'': Esca, a British rebel, owes his life and personal service to Marcus, a Roman soldier.
** ''The Bridge-Builders'': Androphon and Cador force a truce between Roman garrison and Celtic tribe.
** ''Frontier Wolf'': Alexios fights his best friend in a blood feud and the Arcani desert to the tribes.
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Flavia and Ness marry into the enemy and Aquila spares the life of his Saxon nephew.
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Bedwyr and Guenhumara leave Artos over their TriangRelations.
** ''Dawn Wind'': British thrall Owain serves a Saxon family.
** ''Blood Feud'': Christian and doctor Jestyn swears a pagan blood feud.
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'' and ''Simon'': the English Civil Wars.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Hugh fights his rebel family as a redcoat.
** ''Blood and Sand'': Thomas Keith converts to Islam.
* CultureClash: Individuals connecting across cultural barriers is Sutcliff's bread and butter.
** Briton vs. Briton: ''The Changeling'', ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'', ''The Mark of the Horse Lord''
** Celts vs. Romans: ''Song for a Dark Queen'', ''Eagle's Egg'', ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''Frontier Wolf'', ''The Bridge-Builders''
** Roman Britons vs. Anglo-Saxons: ''The Silver Branch'', ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Sword at Sunset'', ''Dawn Wind''
* DatedHistory: Not all of her research has held up against later discoveries and interpretations most egregiously, the Ninth Legion might or might not have been [[LostRomanLegion lost.]]
** The galley slaves in ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'' owe more to ''Literature/BenHur'' than to history.
* DidTheResearch: Nevertheless.
* DoesThisRemindYouOfAnything: The colonization of Roman Britain (or Norman England) and the crumbling of the Roman Empire evoke UsefulNotes/TheBritishEmpire, particularly UsefulNotes/TheRaj, to the point of anachronism. Most of these novels were written during the dismantling of the British Empire and following in the footsteps of Creator/RudyardKipling.
** The looming threat of the Saxon invasions and the imminent [[DarkAgeEurope Dark Ages]] also evokes [[TheHomeFront the Battle of Britain]], which Sutcliff lived through in her early twenties.
* EndOfAnAge: [[TropeCodifier The decline and fall of the Roman Empire]] in Britain, with the Dark Ages in the role of AfterTheEnd.
* FailureIsTheOnlyOption: For the Celts against the Romans; the Britons against the Saxons; and the Saxons against the Normans. Versus history, basically.
* GrayAndGreyMorality: Despite frequently using light versus dark as shorthand for OrderVersusChaos, most stories acknowledge that the protagonists and antagonists are just people with opposing goals or incompatible worldviews, and the cultural perspective shifts from Roman to Celt to Saxon to Viking to Norman from book to book.
* TheGreatWall: Hadrian's Wall ("the Wall") and the Antonine Wall ("the Northern Wall") hold off the Picts and allow the Romans to monitor traffic between Roman Britain and the semi-lawless territory of Valentia. In narrative terms, many a Sutcliff protagonist crosses the Wall to have adventures beyond the pale, and the Wall is [[TrappedBehindEnemyLines a refuge/plot goal that they must reach or prevent someone else from reaching]].
** Crossing and coming back: ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'', ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''
** Garrison duty: ''The Capricorn Bracelet'', ''The Silver Branch'', "Swallows in the Spring"
** Building: ''The Capricorn Bracelet''
* HeterosexualLifePartners: If it's not the central relationship of the book, the protagonist probably has one in the background. ([[OneThingLedToAnother Inevitably leads to]] HoYay.)
** ''Simon'': Simon and Amias are are symbolised by a pair of sabres and compared to [[Literature/TheBible David and Jonathan]].
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'': Marcus and Esca, whose eyes met across a crowded gladiatorial arena.
** ''The Silver Branch'': Justin and Flavius, long-lost cousins.
** ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'': Drem and Vortrix
** ''The Bridge-Builders'': Androphon and Cador
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Randal and Bevis, a squire and knight.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Artos and Bedwyr
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn and Thormod, blood-brothers, compared to [[Literature/TheIliad Achilles and Patroclus]].
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': Lubrin and Dara
** ''Blood and Sand'': {{Historical Domain Character}}s Thomas Keith and Tussun Bey
** ''The Shining Company'': Prosper and Conn
** ''We Lived in Drumfyvie'': Jamie and Johnnie Douglas; Eckie Brock and Donal Dhu; Johnnie Forsyth and Hugh Maitland
** ''Literature/FrontierWolf'': Alexios and Cunorix
** ''A Crown of Wild Olive'': Amyntas and Leon
* {{Historical Domain Character}}s: Usually limited to cameos, but several novels are based on the lives of real (or [[KingArthur allegedly real]]) people.
** ''Lady in Waiting'': Sir Walter Raleigh
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Sir Thomas Fairfax
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Artos
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Alcibiades
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': [[UsefulNotes/{{Boudica}} Boudicca]]
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee
** ''Blood and Sand'': Thomas Keith
* HonorBeforeReason: Ubiquitous, usually in a heady combination of UndyingLoyalty, HeroicSacrifice, BecauseDestinySaysSo, and GiveMeLibertyOrGiveMeDeath
** ''The Eagle of the Ninth'': "Let's search the entirety of Scotland for the symbol of my father's lost honour!"
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': "I shall dedicate my masterpiece with my ritual suicide"
** ''Sword at Sunset'': "I can't possibly assassinate him, it's his destiny to kill me, for my sins. Also I shall let the vengeful children of my defeated enemies go free."
** ''Blood Feud'': "I will nurse my sworn enemy though tuberculosis"
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': "We must fight to the death for our rightful king, who has abdicated"
* HumanSacrifice: A common thematic and plot point in pagan settings, often as a form of HeroicSacrifice associated with kingship (an idea borrowed from Sir James Frazer's influential ''The Golden Bough''.)
** ''The Changeling'': Tethra was saved from ritual infanticide by being switched with Murna's son.
** ''Flowering Dagger'': Brychan was conceived for the purpose of ritual infanticide.
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Alkibiades who (allegedly) sacrifices himself for Athens is identified with Adonis, a fertility god who symbolically dies every year.
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': the Horse Lords are expected to commit some form of HeroicSuicide if hard times require a HumanSacrifice.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Ditto the High King Ambrosius's death
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': The unexplained death of William II in the New Forest is suggested to have been ditto.
** ''The Chief's Daughter'': Nessan tags in for the friend who's supposed to be the victim, because she's the king('s daughter)
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': The horse has to be dedicated with a sacrifice. Of the guy who is sort of king.
* KillTheOnesYouLove: Sutcliff heroes, always making the hard choices.
** HeterosexualLifePartners Roundhead Simon and Cavalier Amias [[spoiler:try and fail to kill each other]] in battle in ''Simon''.
** Roman Marcus kills [[spoiler:his British might-have-been friend Cradoc]] in battle in ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''.
** Owain euthanises [[spoiler:his injured CanineCompanion, Dog]], in ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing Dawn Wind]]''.
** Gladiator Phaedrus fights his only friend Vortimax to the death in the arena in ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord''.
** HeterosexualLifePartners Cuchulainn and Ferdia duel to the death in ''The Hound of Ulster'', as in [[Literature/TainBoCuailnge the legends on which it's based.]]
** [[spoiler:Lubrin Dhu]] is sacrificed by Cradoc, who would have been his friend if he hadn't conquered his tribe, in ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse''.
** WeUsedToBeFriends Thormod and Anders swear a blood feud over the deaths of their fathers in ''Blood Feud''.
** Alexios mercy-kills [[spoiler: his best friend Cunorix's brother Connla, then fights Cunorix to the death]] in ''Literature/FrontierWolf''.
** Redcoat Hugh kills [[spoiler:his rebel cousin Alan, whom he had once idolised, and later puts down his wounded horse Jock]], in ''Bonnie Dundee''.
** Cynan Mac Clydno mercy-kills [[spoiler:his youngest brother, Cynran]] at the battle of Catraeth in ''The Shining Company''.
** Killing the wounded is considered more merciful than leaving them to the enemy by most of her soldier characters.
* KingArthur: Sutcliff wrote four volumes of Arthurian legends, as well as making him a real person in her historical continuity, who is nostalgically invoked by characters of later ages.
** ''Tristan and Iseult''
** ''The Sword and the Circle'': Excalibur and the Round Table
** ''The Light Beyond the Forest'': the quest for the Holy Grail
** ''The Road to Camlann''
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': the young Artos appears as a secondary character.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': the adult Artos unites Britain against the Saxons.
** ''The Shining Company'': Artos's unified Britain has broken into smaller kingdoms.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Artos's last successors are defeated by the Saxons.
* MadeASlave: Happens with some regularity to her protagonists or their sidekicks. See also SlaveLiberation.
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'': Esca
** ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'': Beric, Jason
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Midir
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn
** ''The Shining Company'': Conn
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': Timandra; the entire (surviving) Sicilian expedition
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': the entire (surviving) Epidi tribe
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Aquila in Jutland.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Both Owain and Regina in separate Saxon households.
** ''Sword Song'': Muirgoed and her son Erp Mac Meldin were royalty, enslaved by Jarl Sigurd.
** ''Blood and Sand'': Thomas Keith is taken prisoner and sold to Tussun Bey.
* TheMedic: One of the professions Sutcliff was most interested in, frequently in conjunction with soldiering.
** Jonathan Whiteleafe, ''Brother Dusty-Feet''; Marcus (posing as an occulist), ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Justinius, ''Literature/{{Outcast}}''; Brother Ninnias, ''The Lantern Bearers''; Lovel, Brother Eustace, and Brother Peter, ''The Witch's Brat''; Wattie Aiken, ''We Lived in Drumfyvie''; Brother Pebwyr, ''The Shining Company''.
** CombatMedic: Amias and Odysseus Hannaford, ''Simon''; Justin, ''The Silver Branch''; Gwalchmai, ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Aracos, ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves''; Jestyn, ''Blood Feud''.
** Wise-women: Tiffany Simcock, ''The Armourer's House''; Mother Trimble, ''Simon''; Rowena, ''The Lantern Bearers''; Ancret, ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Ia, ''The Changeling''; Genty Small, ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta''; Old Nurse, the Queen and Princess Niamh, ''The Shining Company''; Angharad, ''Sword Song''.
* MixedAncestry: As Britain is made of intermingled peoples, so too are Sutcliff's protagonists. (Or they might be adopted, giving them a mixed cultural heritage.) [[HalfBreedDiscrimination Rarely does anyone let them forget it.]]
** ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'': Beric is of indeterminate Roman and British ancestry, raised by Britons and then by Romans; each side considers him to be the other.
** ''The Shield Ring:'' Bjorn is a Norseman with a Romano-Welsh ancestress.
** ''The Silver Branch'': Carausius is Romano-Hibernian; his Irish name is Curoi. The Flavius family are naturalised Romano-British.
** ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'': Blai's mother was Irish, and there are people of mixed parentage among the Half People.
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Flavia's son Mull is a Saxon who looks Roman like her, while Aquila's son Minnow is half-Welsh.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Artos is half-Romano-British, half-Celtic, which is one of the reasons he's able to unite the two peoples.
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Randal is the son of a Breton soldier and a Saxon lady.
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Phaedrus is the son of a Greek merchant and his British slavewoman, while Liadhan is the daughter of a Dalriad king and a Caledone princess.
** ''The Changeling'': The title character is an indigenous Little Dark Person raised in a Celtic tribe.
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn Englishman is the son of a Celtic father and an Anglo-Saxon mother.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Darklis Ruthven is the descendant of a Scottish noblewoman and a Romani king.
** ''Dawn Wind'': Uncle Widreth is the illegitimate son of a Saxon father and a British mother. [[ChangelingFantasy He likes to claim she was a selkie.]]
* MostWritersAreWriters: Sutcliff was both a writer and a painter. Her creative types include draughtsmen, painters, and sculptors; musicians, storytellers, actors, and medieval jesters, and memoirists.
** Artists: Piers in ''The Armourer's House''; Jason in ''{{Outcast}}''; Lucian in ''The Fugitives''; Nick Redpoll and Brother Luke in ''The Witch's Brat''; Lubrin Dhu in ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse''; and Hugh Herriot, his father, and Cornelius van Meere in ''Bonnie Dundee''.
** TheStoryteller: Deborah Caunter in ''The Armourer's House''; Jonathan Whiteleafe in ''Brother Dusty-Feet''.
** WanderingMinstrel: The Palmer in ''Brother Dusty-Feet''; Pentecost in ''Simon''; Rhiada in ''Literature/{{Outcast}}''; Bjorn and Haethcyn in ''The Shield Ring''; Cullen in ''The Silver Branch''; Herluin in ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Bedwyr in ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Rahere in ''The Witch's Brat''; Cadwan of the Harp in ''Song for a Dark Queen''; Shadow Mason in ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta''; Aneirin in ''The Shining Company''.
* NarrativeFiligree
* OfficerAndAGentleman: Most of Sutcliff's heroes are their culture's equivalent, be it Roman army officers, chieftains' sons, or English knights. This is unsurprising, as Sutcliff's father was an officer and she grew up on Royal Navy bases (what is perhaps surprising is that she never wrote about WoodenShipsAndIronMen).
* OrderVersusChaos: Romans and Roman Britons representing order and the Celts and Saxons representing chaos. Since the SympatheticPOV is usually on the Romans, order is generally seen as a good thing, but they're also shown to be at fault for inflexibility in dealing with their Celtic subjects.
* OurFairiesAreDifferent: The Little Dark People are [[{{Demythtification}} demythtified]] aboriginal Britons in her HistoricalFiction. The Sidhe appear in her myth retellings like ''The Hound of Ulster'' and ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool''.
* PerfectlyArrangedMarriage: TruthInTelevision compels some characters into ArrangedMarriage, but it inevitably turns out all right, after perhaps a little BelligerentSexualTension.
** ''The Shield Ring'': Gille to Gerd
** ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'': Lucilla to Valarius Longus
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Aquila to Ness
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Anne to Thomas
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Philip de Braose to Aanor
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Artos to Guenhumara
** ''TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'': Phaedrus to Murna
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': Boudicca to Prasutagus
** ''Sword Song'': Aud to Olaf the White, Aesa to Onund Tree-foot, Groa to Dungadr
* PeopleOfHairColour: Romans, Picts, and Little Dark People are (you guessed it) mostly dark, while Celts, Saxons, and Norsemen are fair, and characters of MixedAncestry tend to look tellingly like the side of their parentage they identify less with.
* ProudWarriorRace: Celts, Romans, Irish, Saxons, Vikings, Normans, Scots. . . all of them, in fact.
* TheQueensLatin: There are no accents in text, but Roman characters clearly speak British English... in contrast to ''British'' characters.
* SatelliteLoveInterest: To a degree. Female love interests are rounded characters, but their story function is to be the hero's female friend they're seldom involved in the main events of the plot or connected to main characters other than the hero. Sutcliff's few female protagonists tend to have {{Deuteragonist}} male love interests.
** ''Simon'': Simon meets Susanna Killigrew for a single chapter. She doesn't come into contact with the rest of the cast until the epilogue.
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'': Marcus literally forgets about Cottia while he's off on his quest, and she is completely absent from TheFilmOfTheBook.
** ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Lantern Bearers]]'': Ness is a critical part of Aquila's CharacterDevelopment, but has no scenes with other main characters.
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Gisella appears in three scenes and interacts only with Randal.
** ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing Dawn Wind]]'': Regina is off-screen for most of the book and interacts only with Owain.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Guenhumara is a vital component of TriangRelations, but not of the rest of the plot and seldom interacts with anyone but her love interests.
** ''Blood Feud'': Alexia has no involvement in the A-plot and interacts primarily with Jestyn.
** ''Blood and Sand'': While the rest of the cast are based on real people, Thomas's wife Anoud was invented as a StandardHeroReward.
** ''The Shining Company'': Princess Niamh's role in the story is to have an unrequited crush on Cynan Mac Clydno.
** ''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing Sword Song]]'': The other plot arcs are based on real people and events, but Angharad's arc is invented to introduce a love interest for Bjarni.
* SceneryPorn: Prone to DescriptionPorn of all kinds, especially in her most SliceOfLife stories, but SceneryPorn is most abundant. Usually involves UsefulNotes/BritishWeather. Consider a typical description of Scotland in late winter:

--> "They mounted the waiting ponies, and with hounds loping on in front, headed down the steep slope to the river crossing, where the black stone that the troops called the Lady stood in the sere winter grass beside the ford. They splashed across it and headed on up the estuary, past the faint track that Alexios had ridden with the old Commander on their courtesy visit to the Lord of Six Hundred Spears, and still on towards the ruins of Credigone and the eastern end of the old Northern Wall. Presently they turned inland, with no track to follow this time, leaving the narrowing estuary with its gulls and its crying and calling shore-birds behind them, and heading up a side glen where alder and hazel crowded the banks of a small fast burn. The burn was coming down in spate, running green with melting snow-water from the high moors, so that they must follow the bank a good way before they could come to a good crossing-place; but between the darkly sodden wreck of last year's bracken and the soft grey drift of the sky, the catkins were lengthening on the hazel bushes, making a kind of faint sunlight of their own, and in one especially sheltered place, as the two young men brushed past, the first pollen scattered from the whippy sprays so that they rode through a sudden golden mist. Even here at the world's end, spring was remembering the way back, and for a moment a sense of quickening caught almost painfully at Alexios somewhere below the breastbone." '''''Literature/FrontierWolf''', ch. 5''

* ShoutOut:
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'''s Esca is borrowed from George Whyte-Melville's ''The Gladiators''.
** To Creator/RudyardKipling alone:
*** Sutcliff reused several of the settings visited in Kipling's ''Literature/PuckOfPooksHill'' and its sequel ''Literature/RewardsAndFairies'' (in which two children are told stories of England's past by various ghosts) in her novels, and directly lifted several of his turns of phrase. She also wrote a monograph about his writing for children ([[http://rosemarysutcliff.com/2010/04/25/3772/ condensed version here]]).
*** Marcus Flavius Aquila of ''The Eagle of the Ninth'' was inspired by Parnesius, the similarly bushy-browed young Romano-British officer of auxiliaries from ''Puck of Pook's Hill''.
*** ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'''s Justinius is inspired by "The Roman Centurion's Song".
*** The Dacian Cavalry, who appear in ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''The Capricorn Bracelet'', ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'' and ''Swallows in the Spring'', was not a historical unit. It's the outfit Parnesius wanted to join in "A Centurion of the Thirtieth".
*** Parnesius and Pertinax's participation in the [[MysteryCult cult of Mithras]], which Kipling treats like his beloved Freemasonry, is probably the reason why [[Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth Marcus]], [[Literature/{{Outcast}} Justinius]], [[Literature/TheDolphinRing Flavius]], [[Literature/FrontierWolf Alexios]], and [[Literature/SwordAtSunset Ambrosius]] are Mithrans.
*** "The Men's Side" and "the Women's Side", which appear in all Sutcliff's British tribes, are inspired by "The Knife and the Naked Chalk"'s accompanying verse, "Song of the Men's Side", from ''Rewards and Fairies''.
*** "Seisin", a ritual dedication that appears in ''Brother Dusty-Feet'' and ''Literature/KnightsFee'', is performed by the children in ''Puck''.
*** The phrase "a singing magic", used by Flavia and Aquila in ''The Lantern Bearers'' and Ia in ''The Changeling'', is taken from "[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/justso/chapter11.html#chapter11 The Cat Who Walked By Himself]]" in the ''Literature/JustSoStories''.
*** "Oar-thresh", a word used by Bruni in ''The Lantern Bearers'', is coined by a character in "[[http://www.online-literature.com/kipling/3775/ The Finest Story in the World]]".
*** Jestyn's rowing song ("A long pull for Miklagard!") in ''Blood Feud'' is inspired by "Thorkild's Song" ("A long pull for Stavanger!") in ''Puck''.
*** Sutcliff's ''The Bridge-Builders'', in which no literal bridges are built, is presumably named in tribute to Kipling's ''[[http://ebooks.adelaide.edu.au/k/kipling/rudyard/days/chapter1.html#chapter1 The Bridge-Builders]]'', in which one is.
* ShownTheirWork: Most of her stories are situated quite precisely in time and geography, though this is usually indicated via CrypticBackgroundReference in her work for children. Her five adult novels are much more explicit about "kings, dates, and battles" (sometimes at the expense of character and plot, which may explain why they're generally less beloved.)
* SlaveLiberation: With few exceptions, characters who are MadeASlave tend to get out of it again.
** Esca in ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth''; Beric in ''Literature/{{Outcast}}''; Drem in ''Literature/WarriorScarlet''; Aquila and Flavia in ''The Lantern Bearers''; Randal (as a villein) in ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Owain and Regina in ''Dawn Wind''; the citizens of Eburacum in ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Phaedrus in ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord''; Dara in ''The Chief's Daughter''; Arcadius and Timandra in ''The Flowers of Adonis''; Jestyn in ''Blood Feud''; the Iceni in ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse''; Thomas Keith in ''Blood and Sand''; Conn and Aneirin in ''The Shining Company''; Muirgoed and Erp Mac Meldin in ''Sword Song''.
* SupportingLeader: Powerful and high-ranking people, particularly {{Historical Domain Character}}s, are almost invariably seen through a SupportingProtagonist.
** Sir Thomas Fairfax in ''Simon'' and ''The Rider of the White Horse''; Jarl Buthar and Aikin the Beloved in ''The Shield Ring''; Carausius in ''The Silver Branch''; Ambrosius in ''The Lantern Bearers'' and ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''; Philip de Braose in ''Literature/KnightsFee''; Aethelbert and Augustine in ''Dawn Wind''; Alkibiades in ''The Flowers of Adonis''; Rahere in ''The Witch's Brat''; Sir James Douglas in ''We Lived in Drumfyvie''; Vladimir of Kiev in ''Blood Feud''; Constans in ''Literature/FrontierWolf''; John Graham of Claverhouse in ''Bonnie Dundee''; Mynyddog, Ceredig, Gorthyn, and Cynan Mac Clydno in ''The Shining Company''; Onund Treefoot, Thorstein the Red, and Aud the Deep-Minded in ''Sword Song''.
* {{Supporting Protagonist}}s: [[HeterosexualLifePartners Heterosexual Life Partnerships]] are often seen from the perspective of the less dynamic (or [[SubordinateExcuse socially inferior]]) of the pair.
** ''Shifting Sands'': Blue Feather is the DamselInDistress over which her love interest and the villain clash.
** ''The Flowers of Adonis'': the entire novel is narrated by characters who cross paths with protagonist Alkibiades.
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': Lubrin is the BlackSheep best friend of the future chief.
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': the life of Boudicca and her family as witnessed by her harper.
** ''The Silver Branch'': Justin is TheLancer to his cousin Flavius
** ''The Shining Company'': Prosper is shield-bearer to knight Cynan
** ''Sword Song'': Bjarni is a hired sword to various real-life Viking lords
** ''Blood Feud'': Jestyn follows his blood brother to Constantinople
** ''The Shield Ring'': Frytha follows Bjorn around
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': Randal is squire to the d'Aguillons
** ''Lady in Waiting'': Elizabeth Throckmorten supports the career of her husband Sir Walter Ralegh
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Anne Fairfax follows her husband Sir Thomas through the English Civil Wars
** ''Simon'': Simon is the follower to Amias's leader
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': Hugh and Darklis are attendants to Lord and Lady Dundee
** ''Flame-Coloured Taffeta'': two children shelter a Jacobite adventurer
* TryingNotToCry: MenDontCry, and neither do women or children if they have any self-respect.
* TurbulentPriest: There's a palpable aversion to religious fanaticism in many of Sutcliff books. Though there are as many good religious figures as not, the inimical ones are, unsurprisingly, more likely to affect the plot.
** ''Simon'': Though the Puritans are on the hero's side of the English Civil War, the extremely pious Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf uses scripture as an excuse for his private vendetta, and the ascetic Mistress Killigrew has rather crushed her daughter Susanna.
** ''Literature/TheEagleOfTheNinth'': A wandering druid stirs up the tribal revolt at Isca Dumnoniorum.
** ''Literature/{{Outcast}}'': The village druid objects to the adoption of a Roman foundling because the Romans destroyed the druids.
** ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'': The druid Midir, though eccentric, is highly respected and instrumental in reestablishing Drem in his tribe.
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': Brother Ninnias, a monk, helps Aquila on his escape and the rescue of his nephew, and helps him put his emotional problems into perspective.
** ''Dawn Wind'': The defeated Britons cling stubbornly to their Christian faith, unbeknownst to St. Augustine of Canterbury, the rather arrogant apostle to the Anglo-Saxons.
** ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'': Artos clashes with the landowning Church, who object to paying him to defend God (partly because they're already supporting the local people.) The Archbishop, however, is instrumental in appointing Artos leader of the Britons.
** ''The Fugitives'': Lucius makes a personal sacrifice to put the fugitive's fate in the hands of the gods.
** ''The Chief's Daughter'': The priest, though he initially requires a HumanSacrifice, reinterprets the signs so that Nessam doesn't have to die.
** ''The Truce of the Games'': Amyntas solves his moral dilemma by remembering his duty to the gods.
** ''The Witch's Brat'': Lovel becomes an infirmarian brother of the order that took him in as an orphan; Rahere changes careers from jester to monk.
** ''We Lived in Drumfyvie'': One Drumfyvie priest faces down the Sheriff to plead for a condemned prisoner; another nurses his flock through the plague; another loses his ministry for refusing to impose the Anglican ritual on his Presbyterian parishoners.
** ''Shifting Sands'': The despotic priest-king uses supernatural threats to keep the village in line.
** ''Song for a Dark Queen'': Boudicca's druid advisors encourage her to reject an alliance with the Catuvellauni out of revenge.
** ''Literature/FrontierWolf'': Morvidd the druid encourages the Votadini to rebel against the Romans.
** ''Bonnie Dundee'': The Scottish Covenanters are a fanatical insurgency against King James, who unhesitatingly kill defenseless soldiers and perceived collaborators. Dundee himself, however, marries into a Covenanter family.
** ''Sword Song'': Bjarni kills an arrogant Christian missionary who kicks his dog. He also runs afoul of a priest of Thor whose daughter has a grudge against him. He later works for the Christian Aud the Deep-Minded and meets his pagan chief's Christian foster-brother, and accepts prime-signing out of respect for them. Aud ends a blood feud by refusing to exact further revenge on her son's killers.
* TheVerse: Despite a dearth of direct sequels, WordOfGod [[http://www.lib.rochester.edu/camelot/intrvws/sutcliff.htm has it]] that "it is all part of the same series, really", as borne out by consistent world-building and a few recurring details.
** Literature/TheDolphinRing: The Flavius family's signet ring, a dolphin on a flawed emerald, is passed down through ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''The Silver Branch'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'', ''Dawn Wind'', ''Sword Song'', and ''The Shield Ring''.
** Artos, or KingArthur, in ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'', ''Dawn Wind'', and ''The Shining Company''.
** Frontier Wolves in ''Literature/TheMarkOfTheHorseLord'', ''The Capricorn Bracelet'', ''Literature/FrontierWolf'', and ''The Shining Company''.
** A song called "The Girl I Kissed At Clusium" in ''The Eagle of the Ninth'', ''A Circlet of Oak Leaves'', and ''Eagle's Egg''.
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'' takes place in the same valley as ''Literature/WarriorScarlet'', featuring the Hill of Gathering. Lewin the shepherd's left-handed flint hand-axe is implied to have belonged to one-handed Drem.
* VestigialEmpire: Britain, where most of her books are set, is of course cut loose from the crumbling Western Roman Empire and its inhabitants left to fend for themselves. ''The Lantern Bearers'', ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'', ''The Shining Company'', and ''Dawn Wind'' are set in the immediately post-Roman period, but even 400 years later the Viking protagonist of ''Sword Song'' can recognise Roman ruins.
* UndyingLoyalty: A major source of AuthorAppeal.
** ''The Eagle of the Ninth'': "I am the Centurion's hound, to lie at the Centurion's feet."
** ''The Silver Branch'': "I am the Hound of Curoi"
** ''The Lantern Bearers'': "I never had a sister, but if I had, I hope I would be as loyal to her after twenty years"
** ''Sword at Sunset'': "I ran off with your wife but left her to come back to you"
** ''Literature/KnightsFee'': "along with most of their faults he has learned the hound's chief virtue of faithfulness"
** ''Blood Feud'': "he had whistled me to heel like a hound; and like a hound I had followed"
** ''Blood and Sand'': "My boss sent an assassination squad after me, but we're still best friends"
* WhiteStallion: A favourite symbol of leadership (and therefore HeroicSacrifice)
** ''The Rider of the White Horse'': Sir Thomas Fairfax, Parliamentarian general, rides them
** ''Dawn Wind'': the Saxons set white stallions as the 'kings' of the horse herds and sacrifice them in place of men
** ''Sword at Sunset'': Artos rides white stallions and is crowned on the White Horse of Uffington
** ''The Mark of the Horse Lord'': Phaedrus sacrifices a white stallion at his coronation
** ''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'': a prince ransoms his tribe with the White Horse of Uffington

[[folder:Prehistoric Britain]]
!! '''''Shifting Sands''''' (short story)
Orkney, 2000-1000 BCE. [[OldManMarryingAChild A twelve-year-old girl is promised to the tyrannical chief]] of her prehistoric village, who proposes to [[HumanSacrifice sacrifice]] the [[MurderTheHypotenuse boy she prefers]] to the gods who protect [[ChekhovsVolcano the great sand dune on which the village sits]].
* ChekhovsGift: The CombatHaircomb Long Axe gives to Moon Eye is the only weapon allowed into the sacrificial gathering.
* FullBoarAction: Singing Dog attracts Long Axe's notice when he disputes the credit for killing a ferocious sow. Unfortunately for his survival prospects, this is regarded as tantamount to ChallengingTheChief.
* RescueRomance: Blue Feather and Singing Dog get together when she hurts her foot on the beach.
* AStormIsComing: It's a foregone conclusion to the reader, but Moon Eye warns Long Axe about the rising winds. Unfortunately, Long Axe practices HeadInTheSandManagement.
!! '''''Literature/WarriorScarlet'''''
Britain, 900 BCE. [[ProudWarriorRaceGuy Drem]] must pass a [[RiteOfPassage warrior initiation ceremony]] with an [[HandicappedBadass atrophied right arm]], or be [[TheExile cast out]] of his tribe to live among [[SlaveRace the people they conquered]].
!!'''''Flowering Dagger''''' (short story)
Bronze Age Britain. [[StarCrossedLovers A chief's daughter and a hostage from another tribe]] fall in love, before discovering an even more insurmountable obstacle.
* FourthDateMarriage: After being distantly acquainted for more than a year, Saba and Brychan suddenly notice each other for the first time, then immediately acknowledge [[LoveAtFirstSight a powerful sense of connection]]. They pledge their devotion to each other and make plans to elope during their second conversation.
* MosesInTheBulrushes: Brychan was a DoorstopBaby. The titular dagger is his OrphansPlotTrinket, which combined with his DistinguishingMark leads to the revelation of his parentage.
* SuddenlySuitableSuitor: Subverted. Yes, they're from the same tribe after all. That's not all they're both from!
* [[spoiler:SurpriseIncest]]: Whoops.
* [[spoiler:TogetherInDeath: Good thing they've got this dagger handy.]]
* {{Foreshadowing}}: Pervasive. Aside from the characters' conscious hints in dialogue, we have:
** The first paragraphs describe what the scene doesn't yet look like so early in the year, with full growth and beauty still to come, just as Saba and Brychan aren't yet mature (and never will be.)
** Cuckoos aren't just a sign of spring
** The women washing at a ford in the first scene is probably another of Sutcliff's references to the Washer at the Ford, a harbinger of death from Myth/CelticMythology.
** The observation that Cordaella's husband was of the correct degree of kinship to marry, and that Saba is more free to choose, is ironic. Cordaella and Garim's sibling interaction is a marked contrast to Saba and Brychan in the same scene.
** The death of the bee by the sting that's compared to the dagger, the superstitious associations of the elder flower the bee is sitting on, and Saba's remark that she doesn't care if Brychan hurts her removing the sting.
** The observation that Brychan's parents' relationship didn't get enough time for "flowering and fruiting", just as his won't.
** The symbolism of flowering dagger, whose blade holds both life (the flower design) and death, and which is both beautiful and fatal, like Saba and Brychan's love for each other.
!!'''''The Chief's Daughter''''' (short story)
Bronze Age Wales. Nessan [[AirVentPassageway frees]] a prisoner intended for {{human sacrifice}} and [[HeroicSacrifice volunteers]] to take his place.
* TheChiefsDaughter: Averted; the protagonist ''is'' the chief's daughter. And she's ten.
* CargoCult: Nessan's people worship a standing stone called the Black Mother. The negotiation of sacred debt that causes the characters so much mental agony is all done in the name of a rock.
* EquivalentExchange: Nessan initially saved Dara from HumanSacrifice by offering a glass bracelet to the Black Mother. When the stream dries up and the priest decides they need to sacrifice him after all, she engineers his escape knowing that [[BalancingDeathsBooks someone will have to take his place]]. His guard knows he'll have to take the fall, until Nessan [[HeroicSacrifice volunteers]] in his place. When Dara comes upon the Black Mother and finds a spear left as an offering, he takes it in exchange for all his food, inadvertently undamming the stream. When the water returns, the priest concludes that Nessan's ''willingness'' to die was an acceptable sacrifice.
* RidiculouslyDifficultRoute: Nessan sends Dara down the cliff face that's usually covered by the water of the stream.
!! '''''Sun Horse, Moon Horse'''''
100 BCE. Lubrin Dhu, the Iceni chief's BlackSheep artist son, [[YouAreInCommandNow finds himself the spokesman of his clan]] when they are conquered by the Attribates. He ransoms his SlaveRace with the design and construction of a great boundary marker [[spoiler: and his own HeroicSacrifice]].
* BecauseDestinySaysSo: As Lubrin puts it, "it is the pattern of things."
* FriendlyEnemy: Lubrin and Cradock might have been friends, if Cradock hadn't conquered his tribe and enslaved him.
* HumanSacrifice: The White Horse must be dedicated with a death, and a chieftain must die for the good of his people.
* LandmarkOfLore: The Iceni's building project is the famous prehistoric chalk drawing the White Horse of Uffington.
* {{Matriarchy}}: Almost. The patriarchal Attribates assume Lubrin, the chief's surviving son, is the new chief of the Iceni. They're actually matrilineal, so the rightful leader is his sister's husband Dara.
* TheMigration: The novel purports to explain the coincidence of both the Scottish Epidi tribe's and the East Anglian Iceni's names meaning "horse people" by having Lubrin's conquered Iceni depart for greener pastures in Argyll that Lubrin and Dara once heard of from a wandering trader.
* SolarAndLunar: The Iceni worship a moon goddess and the Atribates a sun god. The White Horse secretly symbolises both.
* WhiteStallion: What the White Horse was supposed to be. Cradock remarks after it's finished that he may not be an artist, but he can recognise a mare when he sees one.
!!'''''The Changeling''''' (short story)
Prehistoric Argyll. Tethra, a [[ChangelingTale changeling child]] adopted by the chief of the Epidi, is driven out to rejoin the Little Dark People. When his father is mortally wounded, he must choose between his two tribes.
* MosesInTheBulrushes: Complete with OrphansPlotTrinket, in order to escape HumanSacrifice. He is HappilyAdopted by a MamaBear and PapaWolf.
* OfThePeople: Other Epidi claim that he isn't, and Tethra has to choose whether to throw in his lot with his biological mother or the father who raised him. [[spoiler: He decides that UpbringingMakesTheHero.]]

[[folder: Classical Greece]]
!!'''''The Flowers of Adonis''''' (adult novel)
[[AncientGreece Greece, 415-404 BCE]]. The rise and fall (and rise and fall and rise and fall) of Alkibiades, the notorious Athenian politician - and of Athens - through the eyes of his companions as he sets out on the Sicilian Expedition, reignites UsefulNotes/ThePeloponnesianWar, seduces the queen of Sparta, escapes to the Persians, is welcomed back with open arms by the Athenians, and then loses it all again.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Alkibiades; Antiochus; Timandra (loosely); Timea; Agis; Endius; Pharnobazus; Creator/{{Socrates}}; many others.
* SupportingProtagonist: At least eleven, including one from beyond the grave: the Citizen, the Soldier, the Seaman, the Dead, the Priest, the Queen, the King, the Spartan, the Rower, the Whore, the Satrap.
* ProtagonistCenteredMorality: Sympathetic character = forgives Alkibiades anything.
* ButNotTooGay: Alkibiades is said by Antiochus to be strictly a ladies' man, though he was noted for his beauty in a society where bisexuality was normal (this is consistent with Plutarch's remark that he spurned all his admirers but Socrates.) Arcadius ("The Soldier") falls in love with a comrade who dies before they can do anything about it, and then is never interested in another man.
!!'''''The Truce of the Games''''' / '''''A Crown of Wild Olive''''' (short story)
Greece, 412 BCE. A young Athenian runner [[NotSoDifferent befriends]] his [[WorthyOpponent Spartan competitor]] at the UsefulNotes/OlympicGames in the middle of UsefulNotes/ThePeloponnesianWar.
* ToBeLawfulOrGood: Amyntas is torn between his duty to represent his city and honour the gods, and his feeling that NoChallengeEqualsNoSatisfaction after Leon is injured.
* DontYouDarePityMe: It's TheSpartanWay. Leon refuses to acknowledge to Amyntas that his injury might affect his performance. [[spoiler: Leon is trying to validate the race for Amyntas, as Amyntas did for him by competing in earnest.]]
* SuckOutThePoison: In a gratuitous, poison-free example, Amyntas washes the dirt out of Leon's cut foot, then sucks it just to be sure.
* MyCountryRightOrWrong: After the Olympic truce expires, Athens and Sparta will resume their war and Amyntas and Leon will return home and enter opposing armies. There is no [[TakeAThirdOption third option]], and they have no realistic hope of meeting again without bitterness.

[[folder: Roman Britain]]
!! '''''Song for a Dark Queen'''''
20s-61 CE. [[UsefulNotes/{{Boudica}} Boudicca]], young queen of the Iceni, eventually makes her peace with her bitterly-resented requirement of a male chieftain and a [[ArrangedMarriage political marriage]]. But when the Roman authorities plan to annex her entire kingdom, she leads the British tribes [[KillEmAll in a bloody uprising]].
* AntiHero: She killed seventy or eighty thousand people, most of them civilians, in real life.
* BasedOnATrueStory
* BelligerentSexualTension: Boudicca is the only belligerent, because Prasutagus is a patient DoggedNiceGuy.
* DefiledForever: The Princesses Essylt and Nessan are part of the line of sacred and untouchable priest-queens, so when there's a danger of the tribe perceiving them this way after they're raped ([[ScreamDiscretionShot off-screen]]) by the Romans, their mother Boudicca stamps down hard. The tactless young warriors who try to take liberties with them narrowly escape HumanSacrifice.
* DeliberateValuesDissonance: The Iceni have uncongenial attitudes to murder. Killing someone completely harmless without making them suffer too much or mounting a WorthyOpponent's head on a stick are noted as gestures of mercy and respect. In the most marked example, Boudicca kills some Roman women in a way that [[GoryDiscretionShot even the narrator finds unspeakable,]] then is horrified. . . that she might have profaned the ritual because she got some political gain out of it.
* DividedWeFall: The Iceni and other surrounding tribes choose not to support the Catuvellauni, the powerful tribe embattled by the Romans, because they've already suffered the Catuvellauni's expansionist policy. It turns out UsefulNotes/TheRomanEmpire is worse than the devil you know.
* ElectiveMonarchy: The Iceni [[{{Matriarchy}} head of state]] is the hereditary Queen, but her husband the King is chosen for her by her parents' Council of chieftains and priests (all of whom seem to be men).
* EpistolaryNovel: Partially starting about halfway through the novel, the chapters are ended by letters written by [[YoungFutureFamousPeople Gnaeus Julius Agricola]] to his mother, explaining events from the Roman perspective. [[AllFirstPersonNarratorsWriteLikeNovelists The main body of the text is narrated off the cuff by the Iceni's official historian,]] Cadwan of the Harp, as he lies dying under a tree at the end of the story.
* HeirClubForMen: Inverted. Prasutagus won't come into his full power as King until he provides the Queen with a female heir, another reason to be frustrated that Boudicca is having none of him.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Boudicca, Prasutagus, their daughters; Caratacus; Agricola, Suetonius Paulinus, Claudius, and other Roman officials and officers.
* HumanSacrifice: Boudicca has the captured women of Camulodunum sacrificed to her mother goddess in some manner [[GoryDiscretionShot too brutal for the narrator to describe]]. She's also interrupted in sacrificing a couple of presumptuous young warriors who hit on her daughters.
* IncurableCoughOfDeath: The first sign of Prasutagus's heart defect and the fever that kills him.
* RapeAsDrama: Boudicca's teenage daughters are raped by the Romans as punishment for the death of a Roman who harassed them, while Boudicca is given ATasteOfTheLash. The incident is part of the Roman traditions about Boudicca's motivations for the uprising.
* RescueRomance: Boudicca rejects Prasutagus until he nearly dies protecting her during a stampede, whereupon she suffers a LoveEpiphany and nurses him back to health, and it turns out they have a PerfectlyArrangedMarriage after all.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: In return for Roman offenses, Boudicca reduced Camulodunum, Verulamium and Londinium to smoking ruins, before Suetonius delivered a NoHoldsBarredBeatDown.
* SupportingProtagonist: The two narrators, a bard with an avuncular relationship to Boudicca who reveals virtually nothing about himself otherwise, and a Roman observer who doesn't affect the plot in any way.
* TagalongChronicler: The narrator Cadwan of the Harp has the useful function of following the protagonist Boudicca around on campaign as her official historian, but also of witnessing moments with Prasutagus and Nessan that Boudicca isn't present for. Other than serving as a camera, he is self-effacing.
* ThisIsMySide: Boudicca divides her marriage-bed. The line is her drawn sword. Prasutagus has no intention of forcing her to do anything, so this state of affairs continues for months.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: Agricola, later the Governor and conqueror of the farthest extent of Roman Britain, happens to have also been around during the Boudiccan Revolt, but not doing too much and free to narrate some of the novel for us.
!! '''''The Capricorn Bracelet'''''
Six short stories of a Romano-British family, linked by an heirloom military decoration, from the Boudiccan Rebellion to the end of the Roman occupation.
* "Death of a City" 61 AD: LastStand
* "Rome Builds a Wall" 123 AD: TheEngineer, OneLastJob
* "Outpost Fortress" 150 AD: EnsignNewbie, FaceYourFears
* "Traprain Law" 196 AD: ForWantOfANail, MaybeMagicMaybeMundane
* "Frontier Scout" 280 AD: BringHelpBack
* "The Eagles Fly South" 383 AD: GreatOffscreenWar, EndOfAnEra
!! '''''Eagle's Egg''''' (short story)
80-83 CE. Quintus, a standard-bearer, can't marry Cordaella without a promotion to Centurion, but it will take Agricola's three-year Caledonian campaign, a mutiny, and the battle of Mons Graupius to get it.
* FramingDevice: How I Met Your Grandmother
* UnableToSupportAWife: Quintus, a junior officer, isn't allowed to marry before reaching the centuriate.
* TheMutiny: One is brewing in Quintus's fort when a few men are given ATasteOfTheLash for stealing wine during their third miserable winter in Scotland.
* TensionCuttingLaughter: Quintus makes an incredibly lame joke about the eagle standard and a duck egg that the troops decide through ContagiousLaughter is SoUnfunnyItsFunny. Cue EverybodyLaughsEnding to the mutiny.
* [[AlasPoorVillain Alas, Poor Antagonist]]: Quintus sees Calgacus only once, when his body is lying on the battlefield of Mons Graupius after his LastStand. He also points out that DoomedMoralVictor Calgacus's famous "Rome makes a desolation and calls it peace" RousingSpeech was [[WrittenByTheWinners written by Tacitus]].
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The Caledonian campaign is closely based on Tacitus's account in his ''Life of Agricola'' (including the {{Historical Domain Character}}s Agricola, Calgacus, and the dead GlorySeeker), even quoting it, but Quintus and his experiences are fictional.
!! '''''The Bridge-Builders''''' (short story)
Androphon, the son of a fort commander on the western border of Roman Britain, is held hostage by Britons during a territorial dispute.
* [[IHaveYourWife I Have Your Son]]: Kyndylan the Chief plans to use Androphon as leverage for persuading the Commander to abandon the construction of the signal tower.
* SheWillComeForMe: Androphon threatens Kyndylan with his father's DisproportionateRetribution, but he's bluffing, as the Romans don't know where Kyndylan's village is, and Kyndylan is planning to move him somewhere better hidden anyway.
* ShameIfSomethingHappened: The story is bookended by two indirectly threatening conversations. Kyndylan claims that his hotheaded young warriors will be upset by the building of a signal tower in the tribe's lands, leading the Commander to predict a series of fatal accidents during the construction. Then Androphon pointedly doesn't accuse his "host" of kidnapping him, so that the Commander can spare the British village and Kyndylan can cooperate in return.
126-9 CE. [[AnOfficerAndAGentleman Marcus]] and Esca search Caledonia for the eagle standard of the [[LostRomanLegion lost Ninth Legion]].
!!'''"Swallows in the Spring"''' (short story)
Circa 130 CE. A survivor of the Ninth Legion returns to Eburacum.
* LostRomanLegion: The vanished Ninth Legion casts a long shadow over their replacements the Sixth Victrix, even a dozen years after their disappearance. No one knows whether they were really destroyed, or worse, deserted.
* ShellShockedVeteran: Fulvius, who was [[SurvivorGuilt left behind by the Ninth]] and then kept in the same fort as part of the Sixth; Stripey; and to some extent the narrator, Dexius, who claims that a lifetime in the frontier garrisons would drive anyone mad.
* StrangerInAFamiliarLand: Stripey was one of Fulvius's men from the Ninth Legion, but he's so covered in [[GoingNative Pict tattoos]] he's unrecognisable, and so [[TraumaInducedAmnesia traumatised]] that he [[TheSpeechless can't tell anyone]].
140s CE. Beric, a Roman {{foundling}}, is cast out of his adoptive British tribe and [[MadeASlave enslaved]] in Rome.
!!'''''A Circlet of Oak Leaves''''' (short story)
150s CE. Aracos, a medical orderly, turns a battle against British tribesmen while disguised as a standard bearer.
* EmergencyImpersonation: Aracos takes the place of nearly-IdenticalStranger Felix, a ShellShockedVeteran, so Felix won't be charged with desertion.
* BattleAmongstTheFlames: The valour of the auxiliary cavalry is at issue in the tavern because they stampeded when the Picts fired the heather. Only the Dacian cavalry, which Aracos led, rode through the flames because they train their mounts to charge through fire in a trick riding display. Aracos collapses afterward from smoke inhalation.
* ScrapHeapHero: Aracos, two or three times over rejected from the cavalry for a heart defect, left to join the medical corps; invalided out of the army, ending up an obscure horse-breaker in Britain; and by the end of the story, believed to have lied about winning the Corona Civica by everyone in his local pub.
* SlaveGalley: Beric spends two years in the army's Rhenus fleet, chained to a rowing bench alongside his oar-mate Jason.
!! "The Fugitives" (short story)
Lucian, an army officer's paralysed son, hides a deserter from the men sent to recapture him.
* FaceYourFears: Lucian hates acknowleding his disability to other people. The deserter has to decide whether army life is worse than life on the run.
* ThrowingOffTheDisability: An aversion, which is the whole point. Lucian has fled from acknowledging the DreamCrushingHandicap until he has to to protect the deserter.
180s CE. Phaedrus, a freed gladiator, plays the role of [[RightfulKingReturns lost heir]] to the patriarchal Dalriads in their war of succession against the matriarchal Caledones.
!!'''''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Silver Branch]]'''''
290s CE. Justin and Flavian stumble upon a [[TheCoup conspiracy to assassinate]] the emperor Carausius and join LaResistance against the Saxon-allied usurper of Britain.
340s CE. Alexios, a disgraced officer, is ReassignedToAntarctica to command the [[ArmyOfThievesAndWhores irregular]] [[SurprisinglyEliteCannonFodder Frontier Scouts]] in a precarious border outpost.

[[folder: The Dark Ages]]
!!'''''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Lantern Bearers]]'''''
450-470s CE. Aquila deserts from the departing legions and devotes his life to holding off the Saxons from Roman Britain.
!!'''''Literature/SwordAtSunset''''' (adult novel)
480-510s CE. A generation after the withdrawal of Roman forces from Britain, KingArthur struggles to unite Romano-Britons, Celtic tribes, and the elusive Little Dark People against the Saxon invasions.
!!'''''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing Dawn Wind]]'''''
585-597 CE. Owain, a Briton, [[MadeASlave becomes a Saxon thrall]] and is drawn into the affairs of a Saxon family.
!!'''''The Shining Company'''''
595-600 CE. Prosper, a Welsh shieldbearer, recounts the mustering and destruction of the Gododdin host against the Saxons of Catraeth.
* AllFirstPersonNarratorsWriteLikeNovelists: The Company's has a TagalongChronicler, HistoricalDomainCharacter Aneirin the bard, who will eventually compose the elegiac poem ''Y Gododdin'' in its memory. It is therefore somewhat amusing that an anonymous shieldbearer like Prosper is apparently equally capable of writing a novel about it.
* AlliterativeFamily: Cynan, Cynran, and Cynri Mac Clydno, who originate in Welsh legend.
* AnAssKickingChristmas: Mynyddog's second equipment-giving feast is at Midwinter. The Company and the Teulu, the king's bodyguard, fall to arguing about [[SeriousBusiness the Champion's portion]] of the roast and end up in a mead-fuelled brawl and nearly burn down Dyn Eidin.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: Prosper and Cynan ride off into the sunrise to join the Emperor of Constantinople's Varangian Guard, on the pretext of a MacguffinEscortMission.
* CallingTheOldManOut: Aneirin and Prosper's account of the battle in the Hall in Dyn Eidin turns into calling Mynyddog to account for his failure to reinforce them.
* ContinuityNod: Prosper and Co. spend their wakefulness test in the wolf-haunted ruins of Castellum in a Shout Out to ''Literature/FrontierWolf''. The various references to KingArthur are also specifically to ''Literature/SwordAtSunset''.
* DefeatMeansFriendship: Zig-zagged. Prosper accidentally shames a shieldbearer named Faelinn during a TrustBuildingBlunder, and Faelinn [[TheResenter resents it]] until another test exposes the same weakness in Prosper to him. They fall together during the siege of Catraeth and become Cynan's replacement shieldbearers, and though still not exactly friends, they'd rather go into the LastStand together than not.
* DividedWeFall: Mynyddog of the Gododdin is trying to unite a warhost of the kingdoms of the northwest, in the tradition of Artos, to check the expanding Saxon kingdom of Deira. His fellow rulers decline to send troops to his support, and the Shining Company is sacrificed in the hope of killing the dynamic king of Deira.
* DueToTheDead: The earlier dead are buried in mass graves, stripped of their precious equipment but left their personal ornaments. There's no one left to bury the last of the Company, but their memorial will be the song of Aneirin, ''Y Gododdin''.
* EverybodysDeadDave: Prosper and Cynan are the {{Sole Survivor}}s of the Shining Company, and that's by accident.
* FogOfWar: The ability to conjure a concealing fog is said to be an ability of druids, of which Aneirin is one. He actually manages to do it on the night of the LastStand.
* HeroicBastard: Ceredig the Fosterling, captain of the Teulu and the Company. Prosper speculates that Mynyddog may never have publicly acknowledged him as his son until sending him off on his SuicideMission.
* ItHasBeenAnHonor: Part of Ceredig the Fosterling's RousingSpeech.
* KingArthur: Artos (as seen in ''Literature/SwordAtSunset'') is the optimistic precedent for the effectiveness of a Company of three hundred. The other precedent is the Spartans at Thermopylae. ''Y Gododdin'' happens to be the earliest record of Arthur.
* LastStand: When two-thirds of the Company are dead and their reinforcements fail to materialise, the Fosterling decides on a SelfDestructiveCharge in the hopes of TakingYouWithMe, since they have no chance of escaping the encircling Saxons.
* LineInTheSand: The Fosterling offers everyone (still alive) the chance to OptOut of the SelfDestructiveCharge, judgement-free. No one does, of course.
* TheMarvelousDeer: Prosper, Conn, and Luned are the first to sight the white hart that they decide to protect from the prince Gorthyn's hunting. Gorthyn calls off the hunt himself on seeing the deer and thereby wins Prosper's loyalty and his services as shieldbearer.
* ShellShockedVeteran: Cynan is one part concussion, one part the deaths of his brothers, and one part betrayal.
* TheSiege: The Company takes Catraeth to hold it in advance of the British war hosts' arrival. TheCavalry doesn't come, and they find themselves trapped in their ruined fortress.
* SingleGirlSeeksMostPopularGuy: Ladies' man Cynan and his very devoted old friend, the Princess Niamh. He's too damaged to requite her, but he rides away wearing TheLadysFavour.
* TheStoryteller: Aneirin, the poet of ''Y Gododdin'', whose job it is to immortalise the Company in song.
* SuicideMission: Mynyddog knows almost as soon as the Company has left that no help is coming from his neighbours and he can't afford to waste the rest of his war host rescuing them. He doesn't recall them, on the off chance that they might manage to kill the expansionist Saxon king. They have no idea.
* TwoGuysAndAGirl: Prosper's two childhood friends are his cousin Luned with whom he's LikeBrotherAndSister, and his bondservant Conn. Prosper thinks at one point that his father might marry him to Luned, but Conn and Luned are more attracted to each other, and in the end he sends Conn home as a free man to marry her if he can.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The novel is based on ''Y Gododdin'', an elegiac poem allegedly written by an eyewitness of the battle, but since the major drama of the poem is that [[EverybodysDeadDave all the heroes die]], the novel focuses on their unnamed supporters, the shieldbearers like Prosper.
* WeHaveReserves: Subverted. Mynyddog is forced to cut his losses with the Shining Company precisely because, lacking reinforcements from his neighbours, he can't afford to commit the Gododdin host to bail them out and leave his territory defenseless.
!!'''''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing Sword Song]]'''''
890s CE. Bjarni Sigurdson, a Norwegian Viking, is exiled from his British settlement for killing the man who kicked his dog and sells his sword as a mercenary, embroiling himself in the feuds of Viking earls from Dublin to the Orkneys.
!!'''''Blood Feud'''''
985-990 CE. Jestyn, an English Christian, joins his Viking [[BloodBrothers blood brother]] on a pagan feud that takes them to the UsefulNotes/ByzantineEmpire.
* AllFirstPersonNarratorsWriteLikeNovelists
* AluminumChristmasTrees: Hunting with tame cheetahs. It was a thing, apparently.
* BloodBrothers: Jestyn makes Thormod make them blood brothers so that Thormod won't leave him behind on his blood feud. This has the downside that Jestyn actually has to ''carry out'' Thormod's blood feud.
* CadreOfForeignBodyguards: Jestyn, Thormod, Anders, and the rest of their crews are part of the founding of the Byzantine emperor's Varangian Guard.
* CombatMedic: Jestyn starts his career as a cow doctor, then becomes a Viking and a mercenary, then becomes a physician's orderly who's vowed to kill somebody.
* ConvenientlyAnOrphan: Jestyn's parents die when he's a child, which makes the decision to follow Thormod to Denmark and settle in Byzantium simple. He says that his wife worries he's nostalgic for England, but he has no reason to ever return there.
* CycleOfRevenge: Thormod and Jestyn return home to find that Thormod's father has [[HuntingAccident accidentally killed a neighbour]], and his sons, [[WeUsedToBeFriends Thormod's best friends,]] have duly killed him, and expect Thormod to hunt them down in Miklagard for a DuelToTheDeath. Jestyn's blood brotherhood with Thormod obligates him to carry on the feud, and the conflict with his beliefs as a [[TurnTheOtherCheek Christian]] and a [[InconvenientHippocraticOath doctor]] is the ethical crux of the novel.
* ForWantOfANail: Jestyn goes east from his village instead of west because the wind is behind him. It affects the whole outcome of his life.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Khan Vladimir of Kiev, Basil II and Anna of Byzantium
* LoopholeAbuse: Though he's put off his InconvenientHippocraticOath for just this moment, when Anders staggers to his door to assassinate him, Jestyn can't bring himself to murder a guy who's already dying of [[IncurableCoughOfDeath tuberculosis.]] He does his best to save him, but assures Anders that he'll still get to Valhalla because Thormod killed him in battle when he stabbed him in the lung and pushed him into the river it just took longer than usual.
* MixedAncestry: Jestyn Englishman has a Saxon mother and a wandering Celtic blacksmith father. Erland Silkbeard is an early Russian, half Scandinavian and half easterner.
* NeverLearnedToRead: Jestyn speaks Cornish, English, Norse, and Greek, but can't read, so Alexia teaches him with ''Literature/TheIliad'' as setup for an [[HeterosexualLifePartners Achilles and Patroclus]] metaphor.
* PragmaticAdaptation: ''Blood Feud'' was adapted into a 1990 mini-series called ''The Sea Dragon'', a British and Scandinavian co-production. The scenes in Greece and Russia were revised to take place in Scandinavia.
* RescueRomance: When Jestyn meets Alexia, he doesn't just save her from a marauding cheetah, he proceeds to deliver her pet gazelle's fawn by caesarian section. She then takes him in off the street when he's out of a job.
** [[HoYay Platonically speaking]], Thormod "rescued" Jestyn from the slave-market, and Jestyn "rescued" him from a tavern fight, [[IOweYouMyLife which is why Thormod freed him.]]
* ShoutOut: Jestyn's rowing-song, with the chorus "A long pull for Miklagard!" is a riff on Creator/RudyardKipling's "Thorkild's Song" in ''Puck of Pook's Hill.''

[[folder: Norman England]]
!!'''''[[Literature/TheDolphinRing The Shield Ring]]'''''
1090-1103 CE. {{Tomboy}} Frytha and WarriorPoet Bjorn defend the last hidden Norse stronghold against the Normans.
1094-1106 CE. Randall, a half-Saxon dog-boy, is raised as a squire by the Norman lords of a feudal manor.
!!'''''The Witch's Brat'''''
12th century CE. Lovel, an orphan with a crooked back and foot, becomes an infirmarian monk and helps found St. Bartholomew's hospital.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Rahere
* TheMedic: Lovel invents physical therapy.

[[folder: Tudor England]]
!!'''''The Armourer's House'''''
1534 CE. Tamsyn Caunter, who desperately wishes she could be a merchant venturer, must instead go to live with her uncle in London. She settles into the colourful life of the household and city while sharing the secret of their mutual seafaring ambition with her quiet cousin Piers.
* ChekhovMIA: Piers's hopes of becoming a sailor went down with his elder brother Kit's ship, which disappeared in the Mediterranean.
* ChildhoodMarriagePromise: Tamsyn and Piers agree to marry so Tamsyn can also sail on Piers's theoretical future ship.
* DescriptionPorn
* FantasySequence: Tamsyn and Piers reimagine the attic as the deck of their ship.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn make a cameo appearance.
* IntrepidMerchant: The "merchant venturers" like Tamsyn's uncle Martin who are exploring the New World in search of new profits.
* SliceOfLife
* ShowWithinAShow: Most of one chapter is an in-story telling of Literature/TamLin.
!!'''''Brother Dusty-Feet'''''
1580s CE. A runaway headed for Oxford joins a troupe of strolling players.
* FiveManBand: The Joyous Company, with Hugh as their TagalongKid.
* YoungFutureFamousPeople: Captain Walter Raleigh
!!'''''The Queen Elizabeth Story'''''
16th century CE. Perdita Pettle, who can see "[[OurFairiesAreDifferent Pharisees]]", is granted her wish to see the Queen's Grace in a year and a day. The year passes through the adventures of Elizabethan country childhood.
* EarlyInstallmentWeirdness: This first novel is the only one of Sutcliff's HistoricalFiction to have unambiguous magical elements, the wish-granting garden fairies.
* FantasySequence: The chapter in which Perdita and her friend imagine the tapestry figures as their party guests.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Elizabeth I.
* SliceOfLife
* DescriptionPorn
* ShowWithinAShow: Two chapters are given over to in-story recountings of "[[KingArthur Sir Gawain and the Loathly Lady]]" and Literature/TheChildrenOfLir.
!!'''''Lady In Waiting''''' (adult novel)
1566-1618 CE. Sir Walter [[SpellMyNameWithAnS Ralegh]] spends his life courting royal support for his expeditions to the New World, and his wife Bess spends hers supporting her husband's all-consuming dream.
* HappilyMarried: Despite the fact that their whole family life revolves around Ralegh's dangerous, time-consuming career, they love each other and she doesn't resent it.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Elizabeth Throckmorton, Sir Walter Raleigh, their family; Elizabeth I; Sir Robert Cecil; Henry Stuart; many others.

[[folder: Stuart & Hanover]]
!!'''''The Rider of the White Horse''''' (adult novel)
UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar. Sir Thomas Fairfax, followed by his wife Anne, commands Parliamentarian forces in the northern campaign of the war, culminating in the battle of Marston Moor.
* ArrangedMarriage: Anne and Thomas. She eventually fell in love with him, and he feels bad that he didn't.
* BasedOnATrueStory
* FlorenceNightingaleEffect
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Anne Fairfax, Sir Thomas Fairfax, etc.
* OopNorth
* ShoutOut: The "young Relf" mentioned is, if not Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf from ''Simon'', written six years before, at least a reference to him.
* WhiteStallion
1640s. HeterosexualLifePartners Simon Carey and Amias Hannaford join up on opposite sides of the UsefulNotes/EnglishCivilWar. Simon's estrangement from Amias, and his corporal [[AerithAndBob Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf]]'s vendetta against a treacherous friend, are ultimately tested in the battle of Torrington.
* FightingTheLancer: Simon is TheLancer to [[HeroOfAnotherStory Amias]], and their years-long estrangement forces Simon to become independent of him and weighs their personal against their political loyalties.
* RoaringRampageOfRevenge: The novel's major subplot. Zeal-for-the-Lord Relf, though a fanatical believer in the Puritan cause, goes AWOL from the the Parliamentarian army to avenge himself on a former friend and neighbour who has stolen from him, deserts ''again'' after being recaptured and given ATasteOfTheLash, and then joins the Royalist army in order to get close enough to the traitor to kill him. He genuinely doesn't understand why he isn't allowed to do any of this.
* SeriousBusiness: The thing that the neighbour stole from Zeal-for-the-Lord is... a fancy tulip bulb he'd bred.
* VeryLooselyBasedOnATrueStory: The church really did blow up, and no one knows who did it.
* ContrivedCoincidence: Much of the plot depends on improbable reunions and InfallibleBabble, though admittedly it all takes place in [[ItsASmallWorldAfterAll Devon]].
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: Sir Thomas Fairfax, Col. Ireton, Maj. Disbrow, Sir Philip "Daddy" Skippon, Oliver Cromwell, Dr. David Morrison, Chaplain Joshua Sprigg, and other Parliamentarian officers and pastors; Royalist commanders
!!'''''Bonnie Dundee'''''
1680s Scotland. Hugh Herriot becomes galloper to Claverhouse, leader of government forces against the Scottish Covenanters. When William of Orange takes the English throne, Claverhouse's men become rebels in turn.
* AnArmAndALeg: Hugh retires from soldiering in France when he loses an arm. So the obvious thing to do is take up painting instead.
* ConflictingLoyalties: Young Hugh initially wavers between his extremist Scottish Covenanter family and the forces of law and order, which his FieryRedhead cousin Alan quickly resolves for him by executing a wounded Government soldier in front of him. He feels some misgivings about following Claverhouse back into his native country in a red coat, but quickly resolves that for himself by killing Alan in battle.
* ForWantOfANail: Happens with great regularity to Hugh the news of his grandfather's death on a particular day sends him into Jean's household; replacing a sick rider one day makes him Claverhouse's galloper; the sight of a beggarwoman's hands holding a flower leads him to his second career and his reunion with Darklis.
* FreakierThanFiction: "Roof falls; everybody dies"
* GiveMeLibertyOrGiveMeDeath: The Scottish Covenanters complain about Claverhouse attacking poor farmers who only want freedom of religion. Claverhouse's men retort that if they want to be left in peace, they should stop shooting at government troopers.
* HeterosexualLifePartners: Jean and Darklis, an unusual female example for Sutcliff.
* HistoricalDomainCharacter: John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee; other lords and officers.
* IShouldWriteABookAboutThis: Hugh writes his account of the career of his beloved commander Bonnie Dundee at the behest of his wife, who wants to defend the reputation of their erstwhile employer. Dundee also has a TagalongChronicler, real person James Phillip of Amryclose, who wrote ''The Graemiad'' on which the novel is partly based.
* TheLadysFavour: The pin Darklis gives to Hugh for a token is also what shows the Tinklers that he's under her protection.
* LiteraryAllusionTitle: The title and epigraph come from the version of the folk-song ''Bonnie Dundee'' written specifically about Claverhouse by Creator/WalterScott.
* ManInAKilt: Highlander Coll [=MacDonald=] of Keppoch, an anachronism even in 1689.
* MixedAncestry: Darklis's family background is based on a ballad about a Scottish noblewoman who ran off with a Tinkler (gypsy). Though she lives with her kinswoman Jean, her Tinkler kinsman Captain Faa keeps a protective eye on her.
* PropheciesAreAlwaysRight: Darklis has a vision of the collapse of the Castle of Antwerp Inn in a pool under an elder tree on Midsummer's Eve about a decade before it happens. Given the freak nature of the accident, which really happened, the novel needed something to set it up.
* SupportingProtagonist: Hugh and his LoveInterest Darklis are both the SideKick to Claverhouse and ''his'' LoveInterest Jean respectively. Darklis needles Hugh about being too much of a follower, and he retorts that she's no different. They don't commit to each other until their prior obligations to the first objects of their loyalty are moot.
!!'''''Flame-Coloured Taffeta'''''
18th century. Damaris and Peter shelter a wounded Jacobite smuggler.
* HeroOfAnotherStory: The events of the novel are an episode in passing among Tom Wildgoose's adventures.
* LiteraryAllusionTitle: A ShoutOutToShakespeare from ''Theatre/HenryIVPart1'', in a rather different context.
!!'''''Blood and Sand''''' (adult novel)
UsefulNotes/TheNapoleonicWars. Thomas Keith, a Scottish prisoner of war, is befriended by Tussun, son of the governor of Egypt, and serves them through a deadly power struggle in their court and a war in Arabia, rising to become governor of Medina.
* BasedOnATrueStory: Thomas and company were {{Historical Domain Character}}s. According to the afterword, the only thing made up was his wife Anoud.
* FreakierThanFiction: The author's note highlights the "single-handedly fought off ten assassins" scene as too implausible to invent.
* RescueRomance: Thomas rescues Anoud from being assaulted in the street.

[[folder:Myths and Legends]]
* ''Black Ships Before Troy'': UsefulNotes/TheTrojanWar.
* ''The Wanderings of Odysseus'': ''Literature/TheOdyssey''.
* ''The Hound of Ulster'': the exploits of Cuchulainn.
* ''The High Deeds of Finn Mac Cool''
* ''Beowulf: Dragonslayer''
* ''Tristan and Iseult''
* ''The Sword and the Circle'': KingArthur
* ''The Light Beyond the Forest'': KingArthur
* ''The Road to Camlann'': KingArthur
* ''The Chronicles of RobinHood''

[[folder:Picture Books]]
* ''People of the Past: A Saxon Settler''
* ''The Roundabout Horse''
* ''A Little Dog Like You''
* ''Little Hound Found''
* ''The Minstrel and the Dragon Pup''
* ''Chess-dream in a Garden''

* ''Blue Remembered Hills'': Autobiography of her life up to the beginning of her writing career.
* ''Rudyard Kipling'': A monograph on Kipling's works for children.
* ''Houses and History''
* ''Heroes and History''