->''"You're only given a little spark of madness. You mustn't lose it."''

Robin [=McLaurin=] Williams (July 21, 1951 August 11, 2014) was an American actor and master comedian. Although he studied drama at Julliard (where his roommate was the late Creator/ChristopherReeve), Robin's preferred stage was to be found in standup comedy clubs. There he was discovered (several times) by TV producers and agents. Technically first appearing on TV in a failed revival of ''Series/RowanAndMartinsLaughIn'' and ''[[Creator/RichardPryor The Richard Pryor Show]]'', Robin rose to fame as the zany alien star of ''Series/MorkAndMindy'', a role he quickly got in a way that was so distinctively him; when producer Creator/GarryMarshall asked him to take a seat for the audition interview, Williams immediately sat on his head on the chair. At that move, Marshall needed no more convincing that he found his alien.

In that series, his [[RapidFireComedy comedic brilliance at improvisation]] was so irresistible, the writers decided to bank time in the scripts for [[HarpoDoesSomethingFunny Robin to cut loose]]. During this time he struggled through addictions to cocaine and alcohol, and made his first major movie, ''Film/{{Popeye}}'', in 1980 -- which proved to be a TroubledProduction and a box-office disappointment. (His first film was actually a sketch movie called ''Can I Do It Till I Need Glasses''. His scenes were cut out after the film's first release but restored for re-release just before ''Popeye'' came out.)

After ''Mork and Mindy'' was cancelled, Robin still struggled on the big screen, through ''Film/TheWorldAccordingToGarp'', ''Film/MoscowOnTheHudson'', and the ''very'' poorly received ''Film/ClubParadise''. It wasn't until ''Film/GoodMorningVietnam'' that people started taking this comic seriously, and he got his first Academy Award nomination for Best Actor. He was nominated again for ''Film/DeadPoetsSociety'' two years later, and yet again for ''Film/TheFisherKing'' two years after that. He didn't win either time. He continued to churn out classic roles, like a grown up Literature/PeterPan in ''Film/{{Hook}}'', the Genie in ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' (which helped establish the CelebrityVoiceActor as the "star" of an animated film) and the title role in ''Film/MrsDoubtfire''. In 1996, he starred in the Creator/FrancisFordCoppola dramedy ''Film/{{Jack|1996}}'' and starred alongside Nathan Lane in the hit comedy ''Film/TheBirdcage''. In 1997, he finally won his rightfully-deserved Oscar for ''Film/GoodWillHunting''. After that, he went through a period of overly-maudlin films such as ''Film/WhatDreamsMayCome'', ''Film/PatchAdams'', ''Film/JakobTheLiar'' and ''Film/BicentennialMan''.

When these films became critical failures (and even gave him a disturbingly sizable {{Hatedom}}), he went into another period in 2002, one no one would have expected: [[TomHanksSyndrome his dark period]]. ''Film/DeathToSmoochy'', ''Film/{{Insomnia}}'', and ''Film/OneHourPhoto'' established that he wasn't always so cute and cuddly, and all but ''Smoochy'' got rave reviews. Although he returned to the stand-up stage that same year, he continued to make films of all sorts of genres. Dramas like ''House of D'', comedies like ''RV'', and animated family films like ''WesternAnimation/HappyFeet'' prove that he could somehow still make terrible movies worse and good movies amazing.

In 2014, he was diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. Suffering from worsening depression for years, he [[DrivenToSuicide took his own life]]. An autopsy revealed that he really had "diffuse Lewy body dementia", an even nastier condition which may have been misdiagnosed as Parkinson's, and was likely an aggravating factor in his depression.

Often dubbed by Creator/KoichiYamadera for Japanese releases of his films.

Not to be confused with English singer-songwriter Music/RobbieWilliams, or [[NamesTheSame that chick who writes the computer books]], or [[NamesTheSame the American folk singer-songwriter who tours with his wife as Robin and Linda Williams and appears on]] ''Radio/APrairieHomeCompanion'', Roger Williams, the founder of Rhode Island, or the animator Creator/RichardWilliams. Also not the lead singer of Music/{{U2}}, [[CelebrityResemblance despite the oft-noted resemblance]].

!!Tropes and trivia related to his career:

* AmbiguouslyJewish: While Robin wasn't Jewish (he was Episcopal, which he once described as "Catholic lite. Same religion, half the guilt."), he often sprinkled a bunch of Jewish references and Yiddish in his comedy act and in his film characters. In one of his last tweets, he dressed up as a rabbi and suggested a career change. He even claimed himself to be an "Honorary Jew".
* BeardOfSorrow: He typically grew a beard for his dramatic roles.
* BlackComedy: His stock in trade.
* BlitheSpirit: A common trait among his characters.
* ButtMonkey: He seemed to play either this or [[PlayingAgainstType the villain]] in his later films.
* CarpetOfVirility: One of the most luxuriant in Hollywood, visible as many of his films have a ShirtlessScene. Notably absent from his Peter Pan scenes in ''Film/{{Hook}}'', though. One hell of a wax job that must've been. Also missing in the film version of ''Film/TheWorldAccordingToGarp,'' where Robin played a college-age Garp. Twenty years later, author John Irving fondly recalled the matinal screams of Robin being waxed in his trailer.
* CentralTheme: A lot of his movies are tied to childhood and growing up.
* ClusterFBomb: His stand-up routines were ''very'' salty.
** One side-splitting EasterEgg on his ''Live from Broadway'' DVD was a rapid-fire montage of all the cuss words he used in the routine.[[note]]To find it, scroll all the way down through the menu screen then hit the right arrow button at the last option (or click [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OqS_g2RYrFE here)]]; if a Parental Advisory symbol comes up, have fun.[[/note]]
** In one routine, he notes that the parents in his audience apparently ignored the "18 and up" label on the performance flyers.
--->Kids, you're going to learn some new words today!
** Pierce Brosnan, in remembrance, told of how Robin would watch his language around the children on the set of ''Film/MrsDoubtfire'' but when the kids left, it was like a switch was flicked on and Brosnan knew that there was no way he would be able to keep a straight face because Robin would launch into the most profane and obscene routines simply to mess with the cast and crew.
* CloudCuckoolander: Played one in more then half of his films.
* DirtyOldMan: Often referenced sex and porn in his stand-up routines. The final stretch of his last televised special, 2009's ''Weapons of Self Destruction'', has him imagining what porno versions of some of his own movies would be like!
* DrugsAreBad: A staple of his later stand-up shows, often drawing from his own experiences (particularly involving cocaine and alcohol).[[note]]Even after getting clean, he routinely went for rehab "check ups" later in his life.[[/note]] One exception seems to be marijuana: while he brutally mocked stoners in 1986's ''Live At The Met'', in ''Live On Broadway'' and ''Weapons of Self Destruction'' he was more favorable towards pot (one routine in ''Broadway'' is about how pot is less harmful than alcohol). One of his one-liners in particular stands out:
-->Cocaine is God's way of telling you that you're making too much money.
* DieLaughing: Not the man himself, but an audience member during his appearance ''Inside The Actor's Studio'' had a close call when he had to be taken out by paramedics for a hernia as a result of laughing too hard.
* TheGenieKnowsJackNicholson: The TropeNamer. Williams' off-script riffing meant several of his kid-oriented roles were rife with references only the older viewers would get; hence, the trope references his Creator/JackNicholson bit in ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}''.
%%* ICallHimMisterHappy: TropeNamer!
* {{Improv}}: Billy Crystal said that you couldn't take him anywhere because he would riff on ''everything.''
* {{Irony}}: Known as a MotorMouth, he also spent time as a mime.
* IWantMyMommy: In his comedy skit "Shakespeare (A Meltdowner's Nightmare)" from ''Reality, What A Concept'', his character (a night watchman at a nuclear power plant) cries out "WHERE IS MY MOTHER?" when he inadvertently creates a chain reaction by pulling the control rods of the reactor core.
* LargeHam: Perhaps most noticeable when he appeared as the bit character Osric in Kenneth Branagh's ''Film/{{Hamlet}}''.
* ManOfAThousandVoices: Williams was known for his wide range of voices, as demonstrated in ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' and ''Film/MrsDoubtfire''.
* NeverTrustATrailer: Whenever he starred in a {{dramedy}}, you can bet the trailers would play up his comedic scenes.
* PaintingTheMedium: As he does his bit about Doc Ellis and LSD in ''Weapons of Self Destruction'', the screen blurs out and adds motion trails to him to simulate the effects.
* ParodyReligion: His comedy album ''Reality, What A Concept'' has a segment where he plays the character [[NoCelebritiesWereHarmed Reverend Earnest Angry]], imitating popular televangelists of the day and promoting the religion of Comedy.
* RapidFireComedy: It was often said of him that "his mouth moved as quickly as his mind." Williams is widely recognized as a master of this craft, almost all of which was improvised.
* SadClown: As with most successful comedians, his love of comedy came from his personal struggles with depression. His tragic suicide was partially the result of learning that he was in the early stages of Parkinson's.
* SelfDeprecation: Did this a lot in his stand-up and interviews.
** One bit from TheEighties had him imagining an argument with his future son.
--->'''Robin:''' What, ''Film/{{Popeye}}'' wasn't good enough for you?\\
'''Son:''' ''Popeye'' wasn't good for anyone! Who are you kidding?
** Jimmy Fallon recalled a time when he was on a bus with several other comedians, when it got pulled over to search for bombs. Robin's immediate response was to tell everyone to throw all the copies of ''Popeye'' in his luggage out the window.
* SesameStreetCred: Along with his appearances on the trope-naming show, he did plenty of family-friendly roles and works alongside the more adult ones, particularly in TheNineties.
* SophisticatedAsHell: Was frequently like this when doing stand-up.
* {{Troll}}: ''Oh hell yes''. From messing around with the cameramen on the set of Johnny Carson's ''Tonight Show'', to buying Creastor/ConanOBrien a bicycle, ''bright green and orange with shamrocks on it'', just so Conan would look silly riding it. There are legends that speak of his time on ''Series/MorkAndMindy'', of goading costar Pam Dawber into {{Corpsing}} and, [[TropeMaker of course]], GettingCrapPastTheRadar.
-->'''Robin:''' They finally had to get a Vietnamese censor who spoke yiddish, 'cause the other censors are just going "I dunno what he's saying! He's saying things that are obscene I just don't know what they are!"

!!Like any celebrity, Robin has been parodied or caricatured a lot in popular media:


[[folder: Live Action Television ]]

* ''Series/SaturdayNightLive'':
** A "Celebrity Jeopardy" sketch in 2000. Robin is played by Creator/JimmyFallon, who does a pretty good voice impression. (When Williams died, Fallon, who by then was hosting ''Series/TheTonightShow'', did a tribute to him on the show that aired the night after, including excerpts of Williams' first ''Tonight Show'' appearance in TheSeventies.)
** Robin actually engaged in some self-mockery in a 1986 episode he hosted in a sketch where he played himself as an Shakespearean actor who can't stop going into his improvisational routines, enraging Creator/WilliamShakespeare himself. In another skit, Dana Carvey played his hyperactive son years in the future.
--> '''Elderly Robin:''' I don't have the heart to tell him he's adopted.
** To celebrate the 25th anniversary of ''Film/BackToTheFuture'', there was a sketch of previously unseen "audition tapes" for the film, in which Jon Hamm played Williams, auditioning for the part of Doc Brown.
* ''Series/InLivingColor'' featured a 1994 sketch where Creator/JimCarrey played an obnoxious, hyperactive Robin at the Academy Awards. He was seen to make light of the Oscar statuette and the late film producer Irving G. Thalberg and interrupting actors playing Creator/JamesEarlJones and Creator/WhoopiGoldberg (the latter of which grows tried of Robin's annoying antics and beats him about the head with an Oscar). HilariousInHindsight, as this skit aired just after Carrey's own career took off.
* Non-parody example: In NBC's MadeForTVMovie ''Behind the Camera: The Unauthorized Story of Mork & Mindy'', Robin was portrayed by Chris Diamantopoulos, who did an uncanny vocal impersonation.
* ''Series/{{Community}}'':
** It featured a teacher who thought he was John Keating, telling the class to "seize the day", "carpe diem" and the like. His class assignments are things like "tell 10 people you love them today". The kicker? He's an ''accounting'' teacher.
** There's also a point in that same episode where Jeff is wearing a [[Series/MorkAndMindy Mork]] costume.
---> '''Jeff:''' ''Shazbot!''
* An episode of ''Series/TimAndEricAwesomeShowGreatJob!'' had Eric giving Tim his own Robin Williams (played by professional Robin impersonator David Born), who goes out of control and runs away.


[[folder: Music ]]

* In 2015, Music/IronMaiden dedicated the song "Tears of a Clown" from their 16th studio album to Williams.


[[folder: [[Recorded And Stand Up Comedy Stand-up ]]
* Frank Caliendo has a very brief Robin Williams impression that he's been known to do. It goes something like "Joke not working, just switch voices." He even did a whole routine where Williams is in a remake of ''Film/TheWizardOfOz'' starring him (in ''all'' the roles) and directed by Creator/QuentinTarantino.
-->''"And the tornado comes! Sucks up the house, it's in the air, spinning like Barishnikov [[ThisIsYourPremiseOnDrugs on amphetamines]]-I don't care if you didn't laugh at that joke, ''[[AuthorAppeal I did it just for me!]]''


[[folder: Video Games ]]

* A posthumous tribute to Williams was added to ''VideoGame/WorldOfWarcraft'', where a genie-like character based on him can be found on an island off the southern coast of Draenor's Nagrand.


[[folder: Webcomics ]]

* Though he doesn't appear on-panel, ''Webcomic/DorkTower'' had him as a member of The League of Extraordinary [=GentleGamers=][[note]]Along with Creator/WilWheaton, Curt Schilling, and Creator/VinDiesel[[/note]], pestering game store owners about his tabletop gaming characters.


[[folder: Web Media ]]

* ''Website/TheOnion'' poked fun at him occasionally -- he vanished on a "free association" bender during the shoot of a movie version of ''Series/MyThreeSons'' when his improv got out of hand, and in the book ''Our Dumb Century'' we learn that scientists warned the U.S. government about "encroaching Robin Williams body hair" in the late 1970s.
* When the orcs attack Balin's Tomb in ''Film/TheFellowshipOfTheRing'', the Podcast/RiffTrax claims that they're actually something worse-"Morks! Hundreds of Robin Williamses!"-and goes into a brief impression.


[[folder: Western Animation ]]

* Robin popularized the InkSuitActor trope with ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'', so when ''WesternAnimation/TheCritic'' had to suffer through a remake of ''Pinocchio'' with an AllStarCast of such, it was only natural that he be spoofed with the "Beige Fairy". Said Fairy is the Genie in all but name and color, GettingCrapPastTheRadar in the name of ParentalBonus.
* ''WesternAnimation/TinyToonAdventures'':
** In "Buster and Babs Go Hawaiian", in a rather dated reference, [[Film/{{Hook}} Robin as]] PeterPan is seen flying around outside Amblin studios. He says "I can fly. Look ma, no wires!" before crashing into something offscreen.
** A short in "Henny Youngman Day" had Babs going to a local club's Open Mic Night to try to spark a career in RecordedAndStandUpComedy, only to find out that [[LawyerFriendlyCameo the in-world version]] of Robin Williams had stopped in for a surprise engagement. Babs choked out on stage until Robin (who had been told he was the final perfomer of the night) comes back out to give her an assist. Doubly touching, since it was the kind of thing Robin himself would have actually done in that situation.
** Robin (the "real" Robin) had a cameo at the very end of "[[http://www.platypuscomix.net/hollywood/misfit18.html It's A Wonderful Tiny Toons Christmas Special]]"...still dressed as Peter Pan.
* ''WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons'':
** The episode "Special Edna" had a brief scene parodying ''Film/DeadPoetsSociety'' with a John Keating lookalike appropriately voiced by Dan Castellaneta, [[ThePoorMansSubstitute who replaced Robin as The Genie]] in ''Return of Jafar'' and the ''Disney/{{Aladdin}}'' TV series.
** The episode "Mypods and Boomsticks" featured [[Disney/{{Aladdin}} The Genie]] in Homer's dream sequence (voiced by Dan but obviously a caricature of Robin's version). This was mainly a ShoutOut to ''Disney/AladdinTheReturnOfJafar,'' in which Dan Castellaneta took over the role of the Genie when Williams refused to sign on due to contract violations on Disney's part.
** In one of the comics, the family has just gotten a new satellite dish and is channel surfing with Bart. They come across a show called ''Celebrity Alien Autopsies'' and features, you guessed it, Mork on the autopsy table, wisecracking as usual.
** In one episode, a hole in the ozone layer forces everyone in Springfield to stay indoors. Kent Brockman reports that the only people who're safe enough to go outside without risk of being harmed are extremely hairy people, bringing up Williams as an example.
* ''WesternAnimation/DrawnTogether'': Xandir's genie boyfriend is an obvious parody.
--> "[[LargeHam Hey-hey-hey!]] [[Creator/MarxBrothers I'm Groucho Marx!]] [[Series/YouBetYourLife What's the secret word?]] [[{{Popeye}} Now I'm a wacky sailor!]] [[Film/MrsDoubtfire Now I'm a cross-dressing nanny.]] [[PatchAdams And now I'm a wacky doctor who kills cancer with laughter and a big red nose!]] {{Jumanji}}! [[Series/MorkAndMindy Nanu nanu!]]"
* ''WesternAnimation/FamilyGuy'' often mocked him.
** Pre-renewal, "Stewie Griffin: The Untold Story" had a man in the future gets an episode of ''Series/MorkAndMindy'' beamed into his brain, and laughs like a moron.
---> "Ha ha ha! Oh, Mork, that's not how you sit in a chair."
** Not a portrayal, but the episode "Petergeist", the first thing Peter does with the dead Native American skull is use it as a puppet, saying thusly:
---> "Hey, check it out, Chris, it's Robin Williams. 'BlahBlahBlah, black preacher voice. Blah blah blah, gay [[WesternAnimation/LooneyTunes Elmer Fudd]]."
** "[=McStroke=]" showed Peter as Robin's "Jumping off point".
** In "Baby Not On Board", a cutaway shows Robin as Patch Adams, doing his routine. One of the kids in the hospital pulls his IV out to kill himself.
** Stewie outright says he hates Robin Williams in "The Juice Is Loose".
*** As fate would have it, that episode aired as previously scheduled on TBS the night Robin died.
** "You knew it was going to be a touching comedy, because Robin Williams had a beard." - Brian in "Love, Blactually"
** In "Brian's Got A Brand New Bag", ''Film/WhatDreamsMayCome'' is one of the [=DVDs=] that no one wants to buy.
** In "Family Guy Viewer Mail 2", Peter gains the ability to turn everything and everyone he touches into Robin Williams. HilarityEnsues.
** It is worth noting that in spite of all the parodies and digs at him, [[https://twitter.com/SethMacFarlane/status/499063991617212416 Seth MacFarlane did join in the mourning]].
* ''WesternAnimation/RobotChicken'' has had two sketches with Mork in them. The first is a brief appearance during "[[http://www.milkandcookies.com/link/48339/detail/ Swedish Chef's Jaunt]]" (cute), and the second is in "[[http://robotchicken.wikia.com/wiki/Top_100_Final_Episodes_Ever The Top 100 Final Episodes Ever]]".
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Futurama}}'':
** Episode "Bendin' In The Wind'' featured robot Patchcord Adams. Bender wanted to kick his ass.
** The movie ''Bender's Game'' featured a scene where Mork from Ork is referenced with [[OurOrcsAreDifferent Orcs as Mork]]. Then the party kills them while telling them to shut up. It doesn't work.
* The first episode of ''Bob & Doug'' (the animated series about [[Series/{{SCTV}} The McKenzie Brothers]]) had yet another spoof of [[Film/DeadPoetsSociety John Keating]], who does the typical shtick before two police officers show up to take him back to "the home".
-->'''Teacher''': They can't catch me, not while I have this! *''points to shoe, leaps out the window''* CARPE DIIIEEEEM!