[[quoteright:248:http://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/1REH-armsfoldedinfrontofwindow-Keeganscan_6206.jpg]]
[[caption-width-right:248:''"Money and muscle, thatís what I want; to be able to do any damned thing I want and get away with it. Money wonít do that altogether, because if a man is a weakling, all the money in the world wonít enable him to soak an enemy himself; on the other hand, unless he has money he may not be able to get away with it."'']]
'''Robert E. Howard''' (January 22, 1906 - June 11, 1936) was a writer and poet from Texas, USA. He wrote short stories and poems spanning several genres, including HeroicFantasy, {{Western}}, CosmicHorror and historical fiction. He was the TropeMaker for the genres LowFantasy, DarkFantasy and SwordAndSorcery -- which, in fact, received its name from a discussion of what the genre that a Howard story was should be called. Along with Creator/JRRTolkien, he is one of the most influential writers in modern fantasy. His life was the subject of the 1996 film ''TheWholeWideWorld''.

Howard was a friend and correspondent of Creator/HPLovecraft and one of the contributors to the original CthulhuMythos.

His most well-known creation is Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian, a character that has greatly overshadowed his creator.

Howard committed suicide with a gun at the age of 30, after his ailing mother fell into an irrecoverable coma.
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!!Works

Notable characters created by Howard include (sorted by approximate internal chronology):

* {{Kull}}, exile of Atlantis and king of Valusia.
* [[Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian Conan]], a barbarian from Cimmeria who would become king of Aquilonia. Many other works have been written about him, but the complete, canonical stories are:
** Literature/ThePhoenixOnTheSword
** "Literature/TheFrostGiantsDaughter"
** "Literature/TheGodInTheBowl"
** "Literature/TheScarletCitadel"
** "Literature/TheTowerOfTheElephant".
** "Literature/BlackColossus"
** "Literature/XuthalOfTheDusk"
** "Literature/ThePoolOfTheBlackOne"
** "Literature/TheValeOfLostWomen"
** "Literature/RoguesInTheHouse"
** "Literature/IronShadowsInTheMoon"
** "Literature/QueenOfTheBlackCoast".
** "Literature/TheDevilInIron"
** "Literature/ThePeopleOfTheBlackCircle"
** "Literature/AWitchShallBeBorn"
** "Literature/TheBlackStranger"
** "Literature/TheServantsOfBitYakin"
** "Literature/BeyondTheBlackRiver"
** "Literature/ManEatersOfZamboula"
** ''Literature/TheHourOfTheDragon''
** "Literature/RedNails"
* ''Literature/BranMakMorn'', king of the Picts.
* Cormac Mac Art: An Irish pirate during the time of KingArthur.
* Turlogh Dubh [=O'Brien=], a Gaelic outlaw.
* Comicbook/RedSonja was not actually created by Howard, but she inhabits the [[HyborianAge Hyborian]] {{Verse}} together with Conan and is inspired by a "Red Sonya" who hailed from Russia in Howard's story ''The Shadow of the Vulture''.
* SolomonKane, a British Puritan explorer in Africa.
* Esau Cairn, an Earthman who became a hero on the distant planet of ''Almuric''.
* Black Terrence Vulmea, an Irish pirate.
* Breckenridge Elkins: A 19th century MountainMan, PlayedForLaughs and, although not well known now, at the time of his death, Howard's most popular character.
* The Sonora Kid, a Western [[TheGunslinger gunslinger]]

Many of Howard's works (including some juvenalia) are available [[https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikisource/en/wiki/Author:Robert_Ervin_Howard here]]
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!!Artists that were influenced by Robert Howard's works include

* Music/BalSagoth, whose name is derived from the Howard short story ''The Gods of Bal-Sagoth''.
* Creator/FritzLeiber in the description of lush, sensuous oriental civilizations which he employed to great effect in his Lankhmar stories.
* Creator/KarlEdwardWagner, who can be considered a SpiritualSuccessor of sorts to Howard.
* Creator/TerryPratchett who created the famous Cohen the Barbarian for Literature/{{Discworld}}
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!!Tropes common to many of Robert Howard's stories (that do not fit nicely into any articles about specific characters or stories that might already exist)

* ActionGirl: Dark Agnes, Red Sonya of Rogatino
* AntiHero: Pretty much every main character in anything he wrote.
* AuthorExistenceFailure: Many of Howard's incomplete drafts were picked up by other writers such as Creator/LSpragueDeCamp and turned into complete stories.
* BarbarianHero: Essentially created the modern version of this trope.
* BlackAndGrayMorality
* BornInTheWrongCentury: Esau Cairn of ''Almuric'' is a Conan-like figure who is described by Howard as being born out of his epoch, a man of great strength and intelligence who was nevertheless ill-fitted to life in a "machine-made civilization."
* TheButcher: Skol the Butcher from "The Blood of Belshazzar".
* CanonWelding: Howard did this a lot with his historical, horror and fantasy stories. Just to name a few examples: {{Kull}} was explicitly tied with ConanTheBarbarian in the essay "The Hyborian Age". Both was tied with the historical-fantasy character BranMakMorn through the Kull-Bran crossover "Kings of the Night". The ring of Thoth-Amon, from the Conan stories, and worshipers of Bran are featured in Howard's modern horror stories, while both Bran and Kull are mentioned in one of his Turlogh Dubh O'Brien stories set in 1200's. It wouldn't be unreasonable to consider all of Howard's speculative fiction to be part of [[TheVerse the same verse]], even if Howard [[AuthorExistenceFailure never lived]] to point it out himself. And of course Howard and HPLovecraft making references to each-others in their works was the foundation of the CthulhuMythos.
* CrossOver: The story ''Kings of the Night'' stars Kull crossing over into the world of Brak Mak Morn.
* DespairEventHorizon: Pushed over this by his mother's illness although he suffered all his life from what he called "black moods" that were probably what is now called clinical depression.
* DrivenToSuicide
* DuelToTheDeath
* FeministFantasy: Dark Agnes de Chastillon's stories in particular can be seen as early examples of this trope, but a lot of Howard's other heroines may also qualify.
* GoneSwimmingClothesStolen: Happens to Breckenridge Elkins, leading to a situation where he gets [[MistakenForSpecialGuest mistaken for a prizefighter]].
* InHarmsWay
* LoinCloth
* LonersAreFreaks: SolomonKane, poster child for this trope, has a few interactions on rare occasions with the WitchDoctor N'Longa, but that's about it. Most of the other characters in the Kane stories are just there to die violently (often at the hands of Kane himself).
** Franchise/ConanTheBarbarian is a loner a lot of the time too.
* MightyWhitey
* MountainMan: Breckenridge Elkins
* OutlawTown: Bab-el-Shaitan ("the Gate of the Devil") in the story "The Blood of Belshazzar".
* OurZombiesAreDifferent: "Pigeons From Hell" featured a [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zuvembie "zuvembie"]], which name was later used by Creator/MarvelComics for its voodoo-based zombie-like creatures (who couldn't be called such due to UsefulNotes/TheComicsCode.)
* PlanetaryRomance: ''Almuric''. An Creator/EdgarRiceBurroughs-style adventure, but with a Howard hero.
* ProudWarriorRaceGuy: Conan and several others.
* RatedMForManly: Howard's distinctive writing style practically drips testosterone.
* ReptilesAreAbhorrent: Many stories feature snakes as monsters. Howard even wrote a short essay hailing snakes for their deadliness. (Can be read at [[http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/With_a_Set_of_Rattlesnake_Rattles Wikisource]].)
* SlidingScaleOfIdealismVersusCynicism: Comes down heavily on the cynical side of things.
* TheTropeKid: The Sonora Kid
* TheVerse: Conan and Kull both exist in the same history. Also, in "Kings of Night" Kull is brought forward to help Bran Mac Morn who is implied to be the reincarnation of Kull's friend Brule. And many of Howard's stories touch upon their place in the CthulhuMythos.
* WalkingTheEarth: SolomonKane. Constantly.
* YouImaginedIt: The supernatural is not believed in by many of the people of Howard's tales, so Howard's heroes usually get this a lot. Usually, though, they have some physical evidence on hand that proves them right.
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