[[caption-width-right:300:Crumb, with a pair of female fans.]]

Robert Dennis Crumb (born August 30, 1943) is an UndergroundComics creator best known for ''Zap Comix'', "Keep on Truckin'", ''ComicBook/FritzTheCat'', ''Mr. Natural'' and the album cover for Big Brother and the Holding Company's ''Music/CheapThrills (1968)''. He began his career working for Topps and the American Greetings corporation; there, he drew several of the earliest ''Fritz the Cat'' comics and the graphic novel ''Oggie and the Beanstalk''. He had some work published by Harvey Kurtzman in ''Help!'' magazine, but [[EverybodyMustGetStoned experiences with LSD]] led him to create some of his best-known comics, which he either published himself or submitted to other underground publications.

Some of this work earned him a lot of criticism from other underground cartoonists and social commentators. Works depicting {{Blackface}}-inspired imagery and [[NWordPrivileges use of the N-Word]] earned Crumb false accusations of racism, even though the comics were actually a ''satire'' of racism, not racist work in of itself. Harder to deny, however, was Crumb's [[HeManWomanHater rampant misogyny]]: his comics frequently featured women being beaten up and raped, and even enjoying being sexually assaulted. Crumb commentators have associated this viewpoint with Crumb's then-unhappy marriage, noting that after remarrying and having a daughter, Crumb has drawn significantly more feminist-themed material since the 1980s.

Became famous again in the 1990s as the subject of the critically-acclaimed biopic ''Crumb'', which is similar in many ways to ''ComicBook/AmericanSplendor'', the semi-autobiographical adaptation of the life of fellow underground cartoonist Harvey Pekar, which Crumb also contributed to. Crumb is a character in the movie adaptation of ''American Splendor'', played by James Urbaniak. Other artists heavily influenced by Crumb include [[ComicStrip/ZippyThePinhead Bill Griffith]], [[ComicBook/TheCartoonHistoryOfTheUniverse Larry Gonick]], and (early) [[ComicBook/{{Maus}} Art Spiegelman]].

Crumb's earliest comics could also be considered an early example of UsefulNotes/FurryFandom, being that he and his brother mostly enjoyed reading FunnyAnimal comics and drew these kinds of comics as children.

He also illustrated album covers, the most noteworthy example being ''Music/CheapThrills'' ([[Music/JanisJoplin Big Brother and the Holding Company]]).

Most recently, Crumb illustrated a comic book adaptation of the Book of Genesis. In his notes in the back of the volume, the agnostic Crumb points out with some pride that his comic book version of the Book of Genesis contains the whole Book, while most Christian comic book versions heavily abridge it.

!!R. Crumb provides examples of these tropes:

* AllMenArePerverts and AllWomenAreLustful: In Crumb's comics, anyway.
* ArtEvolution: Crumb's art style has become more realistic over time.
* ArtShift: After Crumb began using [[EverybodyMustGetStoned LSD]].
* AuthorAppeal: Crumb explains his ideal female body type [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7fu0OW5tLy0 here.]]
** Crumb's work is highly personal and deals with many of his own interests, including his love for 1920s and 1930s music and his own sexual fantasies.
* {{Blackface}}: This imagery is frequently satirized in Crumb's work, which was ironically accused of being racist itself, even though the intent was actually to ''satirize'' racism. Considering ''ComicBook/AmericanSplendor'' and his more realistic portrayals of African-Americans (including portraits of blues musicians he admired), Crumb did not use blackface imagery outside of his satires (including "Angelfood [=McSpade=]" and the parody ad for "Nigger Hearts").
* BatmanGambit: Mr. Natural uses this, making people even angrier because they realize how predictable they are.
* ''Literature/TheBible'': Adapted and drew ''The Book of Genesis Illustrated''. Played straight throughout. Initially, Crumb planned to parody it but found the original text far stranger, weirder and more brilliantly written than he expected so he decided to ''illustrate'' it using the exact same words in the text, without alteration for narrative convenience.
* BornInTheWrongCentury: Crumb is very fond of the 1920s and 1930s and generally hates almost any aspect of modern life after the 1940s. It's a theme that can be found in his work as well.
** {{Irony}}: And yet he makes comics that probably would have gotten him arrested back then.
* ButtMonkey: [[UpToEleven Flakey Foont]]
** Angelfood Mcspade too, hell, most women in his work.
*** And let's not forget Crumb himself.
* ComicBookAdaptation: Crumb has drawn comics about a variety of topics, including biopics of Creator/FranzKafka, blues singer Charlie Patton and the Book of Genesis.
* CreatorThumbprint: Among his non-sexual interests include classic cartoons and comics, blues and jazz music. He has an express dislike for modern-sounding music, recounting that he "fell asleep" at Music/TheGratefulDead and Music/JimiHendrix concerts, and thought that certain modern blues musicians would be more appealing to him if they played ''acoustic'' guitars, finding the sound of the electric guitar to be intolerable. Crumb also founded a retro-based band, the Cheap Suit Serenaders, which plays 1920s jazz, blues, country, Hawaiian and pop songs, although he hasn't played with them since the late 70s. (Another known member of the band, Terry Zwigoff, later directed the documentary ''Crumb'', and some mainstream films like ''ComicBook/GhostWorld'', ''ComicBook/ArtSchoolConfidential'', and ''Film/BadSanta''.)
* DeliberatelyMonochrome: Most of his work is in black-and-white.
* DudeShesLikeInAComa: A recurring theme in many of his ''funny'' comics, where the male often takes advantage of sleeping women to get his away. In most cases they don't even notice or care.
* DysfunctionalFamily: As seen in the documentary ''Crumb'', Robert Crumb is easily the most normal, socially gifted, and level-headed of the Crumb brothers. Think about that for a moment.
* EverybodyMustGetStoned: Many of his best-known UndergroundComics were created under the influence of LSD use, which significantly affected his art style.
* FanService and FanDisservice: Readers may rejoice, because Crumb draws a lot of pornographic scenes. The bad news is: he does it mostly to please himself, so many scenes will feature huge women with heavy thighs and thick legs and/or furry cartoon characters. Some scenes are examples of RapeAsComedy, IncestIsRelative and even Necrophilia, all done more to shock his audience than anything else. It's a wonder whether anyone except himself ever got aroused reading this {{Squick}} stuff?
* FurriesAreEasierToDraw: Mostly enjoyed and drew only FunnyAnimal comics when he was younger, and claimed that ''Fritz'' allowed him a certain degree of separation from reality that he couldn't get with humans. He eventually lost interest in this and rarely, if ever, drawn anthropomorphic characters these days.
* HeManWomanHater: Many of Crumb's comics were blatantly misogynistic, depicting abuse, assault and rape of women. His portrayals of women got better in the 1980s, however.
* HermitGuru: ''Mr. Natural''.
* HonorBeforeReason: Crumb has refused many commercial offers, despite sometimes needing the money, because he detested "selling out" and only took illustrating jobs he personally liked.
* IncestIsRelative: One of Crumb's most infamous stories, "Joe Blow," depicts this in father/daughter mother/son variance.
* JesusWasWayCool: "Cheezis K. Reist in: Hamburger Hi-Jinx", in which an AngelUnaware learns about the Circle of Life from a talking hamburger and relish.
* JournalComic: ''Dirty Laundry'', which he co-wrote with his wife.
* LighterAndSofter: Crumb's work has been significantly less politically incorrect since his second marriage and especially since the birth of his daughter, featuring far more sympathetic depictions of women and virtually no tongue-in-cheek satires of racism. When he moved to France in the early 90s, many fans complained that Crumb was "too happy" to produce anything interesting any more.
* LoveableSexManiac
* MatzoFever: Frequently references his love of Jewish women in his comics.
* MyCountryTisOfTheeThatISting: Criticized the U.S.A. several times, most notably in "Why I Hate the U.S.A."
* MushroomSamba
* NewAgeRetroHippie: Mr. Natural and his friends are the ur-example. Especially as they were stereotyped as such in R. Crumb's comics before anyone outside San Francisco knew what a hippie was.
* NonstandardCharacterDesign: Aline Kominsky-Crumb would draw herself in ''Dirty Laundry'', while almost everything else was drawn by Robert. This led to an in-comic argument over her art skill. In a few ''Dirty Laundry'' stories, their daughter Sophie drew herself as well. (Also counts as SharedUniverse.)
* {{Parody}}: Often, due to the ''Magazine/{{Mad}}'' influence.
** The comic ''The Adventures of 'Wichita' the Rat Dancer'' satirizes "[[ComicBook/OmahaTheCatDancer a really nice comic]]" by injecting fetishism into SoapOpera.
* PopCulturalOsmosis: Even if you've never heard of his work, you've seen "Mr. Natural" and his famous motto, ''"Keep on Truckin'!!"'' and other big-footed Crumb characters on the mudflaps of hippie truckers and bikers everywhere. Fritz the Cat is also well known to many people, mostly thanks to the movie adaptations which Crumb hates to these day.
* RapeAsComedy: Another controversial theme in his comics.
* TheSixties: Icon of the 1960s and 1970s, but broke into mainstream attention again with the movie ''Crumb''.
* UndergroundComics: Considered by many to be the TropeCodifier.
* {{Zeerust}}: Many of Crumb's early comics are drawn in a style deliberately imitative of old 1920's-1930's era comics and advertisements, right down to the [[ValuesDissonance racial caricatures]].