[[caption-width-right:287:Goscinny by Floc'h.]]

René Goscinny (14 August 1926 5 November 1977) is one of the most famous scenarists of the French-Belgian school of comic books. He is the creator, among other series, of ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'', ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'' and ''Les Dingodossiers'' (with Creator/{{Gotlib}}), and significantly contributed to the success of ''ComicBook/LuckyLuke''.

Born of Jewish parents who had moved to France from Poland shortly before UsefulNotes/WW1 (Gościnny means hospitable in Polish), Goscinny spent his early years in Argentina (several of his relatives who had stayed in Europe were killed by the Nazis) where, at age 18, he started working as a writer and illustrator for a French newsletter in Buenos Aires. He moved to the US in 1945, came back to France for his military service, and returned to New York where he got to work alongside the founders of ''Magazine/{{MAD}}''.

He met Morris, creator of ''ComicBook/LuckyLuke'', in 1949, and in 1955 started writing ''Le Petit Nicolas'', a series of short stories about a schoolboy's daily life. Illustrated by Sempé, ''Literature/LePetitNicolas'' became a perennial favorite of the French readership; it was [[TheFilmOfTheBook adapted]] to movie format in 2009. In 1959, with illustrator Albert Uderzo, he created what would remain his most famous series, ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}''.

In the 1960s and 1970s, he was a key figure of the weekly illustrated magazine ''Pilote'' and wrote the scenarios of ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'', ''Les Dingodossiers'' and other series. His sudden death in 1977 resulted in several cases of AuthorExistenceFailure; of those series that went on without him, most never regained the level of creative quality that he had provided.

Whatever he was working on, his favorite tropes included AnachronismStew, AffectionateParody, RunningGag, ShoutOut, HurricaneOfPuns[[note]]He was actually noted to adapt his wordplay DependingOnTheArtist. Morris wasn't too fond of puns so ''ComicBook/LuckyLuke'' was fairly low on them, Uderzo enjoyed them and ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'''s tone reflects that, and Tabary's outright love of it turned ''ComicBook/{{Iznogoud}}'' into a puniverse.[[/note]], IneffectualSympatheticVillain, and VillainousBreakdown. He is also responsible for a noted WeirdAlEffect, when his parody of ''ComicBook/BarbeRouge'' in ''ComicBook/{{Asterix}}'' (the hapless pirates whose ship always gets sunk) ended up becoming more famous than the original. He was himself victim of one, as his short, manic, bloodthirsty alter ego in ''ComicBook/AchilleTalon'' fits the DaEditor image so well people often thought it was true to life.