->"But down these mean streets a man must go who is not himself mean, who is neither tarnished nor afraid."
-->-- ''[[http://www.en.utexas.edu/amlit/amlitprivate/scans/chandlerart.html The Simple Art of Murder]]'' (1944)

Chicago-born and London-raised, Raymond Thornton Chandler (18881959) was and is one of the most influential writers of and on HardboiledDetective fiction, through seven novels, many short stories, and a number of essays, of which the most famous is 1944's "The Simple Art of Murder". He also had an influence on the developing FilmNoir, both indirectly through adaptations of his novels, and more directly through a stint as a Hollywood screenwriter (he wrote the screenplays for ''Film/DoubleIndemnity'', ''Film/TheBlueDahlia'', and ''Film/StrangersOnATrain'').

His most famous creation is Los Angeles private detective Literature/PhilipMarlowe, the central character of his novels: ''The Big Sleep'' (1939), ''Farewell, My Lovely'' (1940), ''The High Window'' (1942), ''The Lady in the Lake'' (1943), ''The Little Sister'' (1949), ''The Long Goodbye'' (1953), and ''Playback'' (1958).

!!Chandler's works with their own trope pages include:

* Literature/PhilipMarlowe novels
** ''Literature/TheBigSleep''
** ''Literature/FarewellMyLovely''
** ''Literature/TheLongGoodbye''
!!Chandler's other works provide examples of:

* BitterAlmonds: In "Nevada Gas", when a crooked lawyer is murdered with cyanide gas.
* TheButlerDidIt: "Trouble Is My Business". An interesting spin on this trope, as Chandler has the private eye and the butler share drinks and a laugh over being the only "average joes" involved in the case. Of course, that's over when the private eye figures everything out.
* ChandlersLaw: TropeNamer
* ChandlerAmericanTime: via pastiches.
* ComeAlone: In "Pearls Are a Nuisance", the protagonist is instructed to come to a remote location with the ransom money, alone. His friend insists on coming along, hidden in the back of the car, in case there's trouble. The other side don't show up, [[spoiler:but then they were never going to anyway, because the friend was behind the whole thing and it was a set-up to get the protagonist somewhere quiet and rob him of the ransom money]].
* EmpathicEnvironment: The wind and heat in "Red Wind", rain in ''The Big Sleep.''
* {{Expy}}: Philip Marlowe, protagonist of Chandler's novels, is pretty much John Dalmas, protagonist of Chandler's stories for ''Dime Detective'' magazine, who is pretty much Carmady, protagonist of Chandler's stories for ''Black Mask'' magazine. To the extent that the Dalmas and Carmady stories were subsequently collected and reprinted [[DolledUpInstallment with Marlowe's name substituted for theirs]].
* FriendOnTheForce: Bernie Ohls, chief investigator for the DA's office. Also, [[UnseenCharacter Violets M'Gee]].
* GambitPileup
* GasChamber: "Nevada Gas" uses the well-sealed backseat of a limousine.
* HandCannon: Inverted in the novellas "Trouble Is My Business" and "Red Wind". Both stories feature hard guys carrying .22 target pistols. As Chandler puts it: "This guy uses a twenty-two. He uses it because he's good enough to get by with that much gun. That means he's good."
* HardboiledDetective: Chandler basically codified the genre for once and for all.
* HeatWave: "Red Wind"
-->"There was a desert wind blowing that night. It was one of those hot dry Santa Anas that come down through the mountain passes and curl your hair and make your nerves jump and your skin itch. On nights like that every booze party ends in a fight. Meek little wives feel the edge of the carving knife and study their husbands' necks. Anything can happen."
* {{Kneecapping}}: In one of his short stories, the protagonist stops one of the crooks from escaping by shooting in the most painful spot he could think of that wouldn't kill him: the back of the knee.
* PatchworkStory[=/=]SelfPlagiarism: Chandler cannibalised previous short stories of his when creating his first two novels, and used elements of them for further novels. The level of cannibalisation varied, from whole plots to select passages and descriptions. Chandler would usually try to build on what he had previously written.
* PrivateEyeMonologue
* PurpleProse: subverted. Chandler's descriptive writing evokes this, but his own skill makes it rise above that trope. Attempts to copy or parody his way with descriptive words tend to turn into Purple Prose.
* WarriorPoet: Chandler dabbled as a romantic poet before enlisting in WorldWarOne. As noted above under PurpleProse, his hard-boiled detective fiction is essentially prose poetry about violence.
* WeatherReportNarration: The opening of "Red Wind".