->''"Story is king."''
-->-- '''Pixar company motto'''

Pixar began when Creator/GeorgeLucas used some of his money to form a new division at Lucasfilm known as "Graphics Group". The company originally did this and that for a while, most notably the Genesis planet simulation from ''Film/StarTrekIITheWrathOfKhan'' and the stained-glass knight from ''Film/YoungSherlockHolmes''. Working there was one John Lasseter, who created a CGI short entitled ''The Adventures of Andre and Wally B'' in his downtime, with the assistance of computer genius Ed Catmull.

Seeking money for his divorce costs (and also because of the failure known as ''Film/HowardTheDuck''), Lucas eventually sold it to Creator/SteveJobs for ten million dollars. The company was named Pixar after their first product, a video rendering computer for medical use. Though it didn't sell very well, Steve Jobs continued to pour money into it, and Pixar repurposed itself as a firm creating computer-animated commercials for companies such as Listerine Mouthwash and Lifesavers candies.

At the same time, John Lasseter continued to use CGI to make short films and showed them around at conventions, specifically the computer-graphics convention SIGGRAPH. While other people were showing landscapes and technical demos, Lasseter's short ''Luxo Jr.'' was a masterpiece in storytelling that established several new CGI tricks and demonstrated the narrative ability of the art. [[PixarShorts Pixar's subsequent shorts]] secured their status as the leader in computer animation.

In short order, Pixar moved away from medical imaging, instead continuing to refine their [=RenderMan=] digital rendering software while making commercials even as they set out to accomplish a very lofty goal -- to make the [[WesternAnimation/ToyStory first ever feature-length all-CGI film]]. The rest is history: Pixar signs a distribution deal with Franchise/{{Disney| Animated Canon}}, Pixar makes a lot of hits, Pixar and Disney boss Michael Eisner have issues, Disney gets a new boss (whose wife was also Steve Jobs' wife's roommate in college), Pixar and Disney kiss and make up, Disney buys Pixar for more than '''$7 billion''' (for scale, when they bought the entire Marvel empire it cost $4 billion), making Jobs' ten-million-dollar purchase a real steal considering the purchase made him a major shareholder in Disney, and all is well.

And finally, things come full circle with Disney's acquisition of Lucasfilm, bringing it under the same umbrella as its own former division. Though, with John Lasseter in charge, you could look at it as Pixar itself now owning its former owner (kinda like how SBC Communications ultimately bought former owner AT&T).

In mid-July 2014, technology news website Pando Tech revealed that PIXAR, as well as Disney Animation Studios, [=LucasFilm=], Ltd. and even rival studios Creator/DreamWorksAnimation and Creator/BlueSkyStudios were involved in a pact in which they fixed the salaries of their employees.

When Pixar makes a movie, more often than not, it will be well done ''at worst''. 12 out of the 15 films released so far (''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}} 2'' and ''Monsters University'' being the exceptions and ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut'' being too recent) have been nominated for at least one Oscar; in 2010, ''WesternAnimation/{{Up}}'' became the second animated film (and first CGI film) to be nominated for Best Picture, and the next year, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' became the third animated (and second CGI film) to get that nomination. Only one of the studio's films (''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}} 2'') has really failed critically; on RottenTomatoes, the first two ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' films have ''perfect scores'' (the third has a 99% rating, tying it with ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' for second place) and their fifth-lowest rated movie (''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'') has a 92% rating. Many of their films sit on the Internet Movie Database's "top 250 films" list, and Pixar is usually topping that site's "50 best animated films" list (''WesternAnimation/InsideOut'', their highest-rated film on the site, currently has a score of 8.6/10). Nearly all of their films take their subjects and [[{{Deconstruction}} turn them]] [[{{Reconstruction}} on their heads]] ([[WesternAnimation/MonstersInc friendly monsters who only scare for their day jobs]], [[WesternAnimation/{{Cars}} race cars who learn to take it slow and that there's more to life than winning]], [[WesternAnimation/WallE robots who teach humans how to feel emotions again]], etc.) and in doing so pack them full of humor (including [[Radar/{{Pixar}} jokes that go way over the heads of kids]]) and drama.

Of course, if you think they're not business-minded, keep in mind that their films have never failed financially, either. Out of their films, only three (''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', ''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars 2}}'') have failed to break the $200 million dollar mark in the US, and none of them failed to break the $200 million mark in foreign box office take; the studio's highest-grossing film, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' made over a billion dollars worldwide (becoming the highest-grossing animated film of all time until ''Disney/{{Frozen}}'' and ''WesternAnimation/{{Minions}}'' exceeded it, as well as the first animated film to earn a billion). The average domestic box office take of a Pixar film is around $250 million, and all of their films have made over six billion dollars in combined domestic and foreign box office take. Also worth noting: every single Pixar film has opened at the #1 spot in the weekend box office [[BrokenStreak until]] ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut's'' release in 2015 [[note]]Though it ended up being Pixar's second highest grossing opening weekend behind Toy Story 3, and had THE largest opening for an original film so far in Hollywood; it didn't get #1 because Comcast/Universal's ''Film/JurassicWorld'' opened the previous weekend, but the two films together bulldozed most of their competition.[[/note]]. Sans ''Brave'' (while still a respectable #13), all of Pixar's films are among the top ten highest-grossing films of the year they've been released.

Lest you think that they're just a bunch of artists, though, you should know that their first Academy Award wasn't for a movie -- it was for [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PhotoRealistic_RenderMan PhotoRealistic RenderMan]], the software that they make and license to other filmmakers that fuels an innumerable amount of [=CG=] in films. It was the first Academy Award given out for ''a piece of software''.

They also seem to be a very personal and humble company:
* 10-year old Colby Curtin was a young girl who was dying of vascular cancer; her dying wish was to see the movie ''WesternAnimation/{{Up}}'', so a family friend cold-called Pixar, [[http://www.huffingtonpost.com/mobileweb/2009/06/20/colby-curtin-california-g_n_218451.html which eventually led to them flying out an employee with a specially-pressed DVD for a private screening of the film]] just hours before the young girl passed away. Again, Pixar did this [[HumbleHero without any promotion or comments to the press]] in any way. This simple event is simultaneously selfless and [[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming heartwarming]].
* They did a [[http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4a4MR8oI_B8 video]] for the ''It Gets Better'' project that really shows the diversity of their staff and their commitment to helping the community.
* Some Pixar employees visited Creator/JasonSegel and Nick Stoller for a few days and gave input on the screenplay for ''Film/TheMuppets'', which became a hit.
* They tracked down John Morris, who voiced Andy in the first two ''Toy Story'' films and is all grown up, so he could reprise the role for the third one, 11 years after his last acting role.

Pixar itself is located in Emeryville, California on a huge campus of the type more commonly associated with tech companies in nearby Silicon Valley-- complete with a high-quality cafeteria (with dedicated chef), an exercise facility, a soccer field, and hallways lined with concept art, employee projects, and life-size statues of Pixar characters (including a 2-story-tall Luxo lamp). The best part: it is possible (though difficult) to get tours.
!Pixar's filmography
Film series:
* ''Franchise/ToyStory'':
** ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' (1995) (First {{Creator/Disney}}[=/=]Pixar project; this movie featured a special Walt Disney Pictures logo that was Pixar-designed [[note]]It starts with the camera zooming out the gates of a CGI castle, followed by the standard opening with the corporate signature and "Pictures" flashing in and the starburst going in an arc over the castle from right to left; a different, march-band type jingle played instead of the "[[Disney/{{Pinocchio}} When You Wish Upon A Star"]] jingle, which segways into the opening of the movie; this WDP logo would be used up to ''Ratatouille'', which was slated to be the final Disney/Pixar film prior to the studio getting purchased[[/note]]. This is the one Pixar film to not have the Pixar logo. Re-released [[ThreeDMovie in 3-D]] in theaters in October 2009)
** ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory2'' (1999) (Same re-release as ''Toy Story'')
** ''WesternAnimation/BuzzLightyearOfStarCommand'' (2000-2001) -- Spinoff TV series not made by Pixar, though they did animate the CGI intro sequences for the PilotMovie and the series proper.
** ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' (2010)
** ''WesternAnimation/ToyStoryOfTerror'' (2013) -- TV special.
** ''WesternAnimation/ToyStoryThatTimeForgot'' (2014) -- TV special.[[/index]]
** ''Toy Story 4'' (2018) -- A third sequel to the franchise to be directed by John Lasseter. Revealed at the 2015 [=D23=] Expo to be a love story focused on Woody being reunited with Bo Peep who was absent (and implied to be thrown out) from ''Toy Story 3''.
* ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc'' (2001) (Re-released [[ThreeDMovie in 3-D]] Dec. 19, 2012 with a Blu-Ray release February 19, 2013)
** ''WesternAnimation/MonstersUniversity'' (2013) (Pixar's first {{Prequel}} film)
* ''Franchise/{{Cars}}'':
** ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'' (2006) (Last Pixar movie to have the marching band music over the studio's Walt Disney Pictures logo, which has 2 extra beats on it.)
** ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars 2}}'' (2011)[[/index]]
** ''Cars 3'' (2017)

Other films:
* ''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'' (1998) (This is the first Pixar movie to have the Pixar Animation Studios logo, which features Luxo Jr. hopping in from the right, turning, looking at the I, and hopping on it and squishing it, replacing the I and looking right into the camera as the screen fades out; the end logo at Pixar movies is the exact same sequence, except it has Luxo's light blub remain on as the screen fades out, only for it to turn off a second later, concluding the film; the Pixar logo was not on Toy Story due to different distribution agreements at the time.)
* ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'' (2003) (Rereleased in 3D on Sep. 14, 2012 with a Blu-Ray release Dec. 4 of the same year)
* ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'' (2004)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}}'' (2007) (This is the last Pixar Animated Classic to feature the original CGI castle Disney logo, which does not have the march music on it, due to being the final release in the original agreement; all Pixar movies after this use the 2006 Walt Disney Pictures logo; to be re-released in 3-D, date TBD)
* ''WesternAnimation/WallE'' (2008) (First Pixar Animated Classic to forgo the older Toy Story Walt Disney Pictures logo; to symbolize Pixar's integration into Disney, it instead uses the fully-animated 2006 Walt Disney Pictures logo with the "When You Wish Upon A Star" excerpt; the end logo features Luxo Jr's light bulb go out before the screen fades out, and Wall-E shows up, screws a new one in, and knocks over the R on the way out, forcing HIM to replace the R; the logo then ends normally before TheStinger that this movie has.)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Up}}'' (2009) (The first Pixar film released in 3D)
* ''WesternAnimation/{{Brave}}'' (2012) (First Pixar Animated Classic to use the alternate 2006 Walt Disney Pictures logo that just says "Disney")
* ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut'' (2015)
* ''WesternAnimation/TheGoodDinosaur'' (2015)
* ''WesternAnimation/FindingDory'' (2016)
* ''Coco'' — a story set during the Mexican holiday of Dia De Los Muertos, by Lee Unkrich. (2017)
* ''The Incredibles 2'' (2019; Creator/BradBird will return as a writer)
* WesternAnimation/PixarShorts -- a list of the studio's shorts.

* ''Film/ThePixarStory'' (2007) -- about Pixar's early history. Produced by Leslie Iwerks Productions and distributed by Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures.
* To get a little information about the people behind the 'toons, see Creator/PixarRegulars.
* ''Kinect Rush: A Disney Pixar Adventure'': An ''XBox360 {{Kinect}}'' video game featuring characters from ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}}'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Up}}'', and the ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' franchise.
!{{Trope}}s associated with Pixar include:
* ThreeDMovie: Starting with ''Up''.
* AllCGICartoon: TropeMaker, with ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory''.
* AnimationBump: Pixar often make noticeable technology developments in between films, such as animation of fur in ''WesternAnimation/MonstersInc'' and water in ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo''.
** Just take a look at the difference between ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' and ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory2'', with only four years and one movie between them; the improvement is astronomical. For comparison, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory3'' doesn't look ''that'' much better than ''2'' - no need to fix what wasn't broken.
*** ''3'' does look significantly less artificial due to ''eleven'' years and ''seven'' films between them, but also out of necessity: their software had become so sophisticated with those films that they ''could't recognize the old software,'' meaning the characters had to be remade from scratch.
* ArcNumber: A113, See More Below.
* [[ArchEnemy Arch-Competitor:]] With Creator/DreamworksAnimation, though greatly exaggerated by Dreamworks' {{Hatedom}}.
** FriendlyEnemy: As noted above, both of them (and third competitor [[Creators/BlueSkyStudios Blue Sky]], among others) were involved in a pact to fix the wages of their employees in 2014.
* ArtEvolution: Invoked. "Art challenges technology, technology inspires art" is one of their mottos for a reason.
** Someone [[http://aboltoutoftheblue.tumblr.com/post/113918784683/tumbleupondisney-allons-y-el-buzzo-please-take-a compared]] their first attempt at animating a baby in 1988's ''Tin Toy'' to the scene of Riley as a baby in 2015's ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut''. "World of difference" doesn't even begin to describe it.
* AuthorAppeal: Butt-pinching comes up in ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'' (Mr. and Mrs. Parr), ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'' and the "El Materador" short (the old lady car slapping "Nice Butte" stickers on cars' behinds, Mater and the two Miatas, via yanking their rear bumpers with his crane), and ''WesternAnimation/{{Brave}}'' (The King and Queen Elinor).
* AvoidTheDreadedGRating: Averted; at present, of their many films, [[WesternAnimation/InsideOut only]] [[WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles four]] [[WesternAnimation/{{Up}} of]] [[WesternAnimation/{{Brave}} them]] are rated PG in the US.
** It should also be noted that the rating has not affected their films' successes or reputations, as they still do well at the box office and usually garner multiple accolades.
* BlackAndWhiteMorality: Most Pixar films thus far.
** WhiteAndGreyMorality: ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'', ''WesternAnimation/FindingNemo'', ''WesternAnimation/{{Brave}}'', and ''WesternAnimation/MonstersUniversity'' (and arguably ''WesternAnimation/WallE'', as the villain there was [[JustFollowingOrders just following]] [[PunchClockVillain his programming]] [[WellIntentionedExtremist way too seriously]]).
** NoAntagonist: ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut''. There's no a main villain or even an ''[[WesternAnimation/FindingNemo unintentional]]'' [[WesternAnimation/ToyStory bad guy]]. The conflict arises from Sadness accidentally creating a sad core memory, which ends up causing Joy and Sadness to be stranded away from Headquarters when Joy tries to prevent it, leaving the other three emotions at a loss as to how to stabilize Riley's mind. Though some characters briefly act antagonistic, there is no outright antagonistic character in this film. [[spoiler:The antagonistic ''force'' is the concept of depression, but it's not given an AnthropomorphicPersonification like the other emotions.]]
* BreakthroughHit: ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory''
* BrokenStreak: After 11 consecutive films with a Certified Fresh rating on RottenTomatoes, ''[[WesternAnimation/{{Cars}} Cars 2]]'' is released to 39% on RT. Cue InternetBackdraft.
** Also, ever since the Academy Awards established the "Best Animated Feature" category in 2001, Pixar films have been inevitably nominated... until ''Cars 2''.
** ''WesternAnimation/InsideOut'', facing competition with ''Film/JurassicWorld'', was the first Pixar film to not debut at #1 in the box office… though it still broke box office records for Pixar, being their third-highest grosser and the highest non-sequel or remake opening of all time.
* CashCowFranchise: Merchandise for the ''Cars'' series has been noted to sell extremely well.
* CrapsaccharineWorld: Like Creator/{{Disney}}, most Pixar movies, despite some of the bright colors, actually tend to be pretty dark. But despite that, there are still plenty of people who still grew up with Pixar movies much like Disney.
* ContinuityNod: They frequently reference past productions, from shorts ([[{{Mascot}} Luxo Jr.'s]] ball is a frequent sight) to movies ([[OnceAnEpisode the Pizza Planet truck]] being the most blatant example)
* DoingItForTheArt: Steve Jobs spent a fortune on this small company that no one knew about for a decade ''before'' they exploded into fame.
* DubNameChange[=/=]ThemeNaming: The release of Pixar movies in Chinese-speaking countries often leads to them being renamed "X Team" in Mandarin, a practice that even spreads to some non-Pixar CGI animated movies. Hence, ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' = "Toys Team", ''WesternAnimation/ABugsLife'' = "Insects Team" etc. This sometimes leads to a TitleDrop in the Mandarin dubs, like at the end of ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}''.
* DuelingMovies: [[DefiedTrope Averting this trope]] is the reason Pixar stopped production on ''Newt'' (Blue Sky's ''WesternAnimation/{{Rio}}'' had roughly the same plot).
** Retroactively played straight three times: [[WesternAnimation/{{Antz}} ant]] [[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife movies]], [[WesternAnimation/FindingNemo fish]] [[WesternAnimation/SharkTale movies]] and [[WesternAnimation/{{Ratatouille}} rat]] [[WesternAnimation/FlushedAway movies]].
** And it looks like it's going to happen again — ''The Book of Life'' is a Creator/ReelFXCreativeStudios film about Dia de los Muertos. ''ˇHijole!''
* EarnYourHappyEnding: In several cases, notably the Toy Storymfilms.
* GenreBusting: Their films tend towards this.
* InkSuitActor: Generally averted. Pixar prefer to cast the actor according to the character, not the other way around, but that's not to say they're occasionally guilty of this: several of the characters in the ''WesternAnimation/{{Cars}}'' films are based on a certain vehicle associated with their actor (i.e. [[Series/DeadliestCatch Sig Hansen]] as a sentient version of the ''Northwestern'').
** And then of course [[WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles Frozone]] basically is Creator/SamuelLJackson
* KilledOffForReal: [[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife Hopper,]] [[WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles Syndrome,]] [[WesternAnimation/{{Up}} Charles Muntz,]] and [[WesternAnimation/{{Brave}} Mor'Du]] are the only four villains to actually die at the end of their respective films. Well, five if you count [[WesternAnimation/{{WALL-E}} Auto's]] deactivation at the end on his film.
* MostWritersAreMale: John Lasseter on why Pixar hasn't had a female main character before ''WesternAnimation/{{Brave}}'': "We're a bunch of guys".
* NotSoAboveItAll: Literal example: ''Cars 2'' is the first Pixar movie to ever receive a "Rotten" rating on Rotten Tomatoes.
* OnceAnEpisode[=/=]RunningGag[=/=]EarlyBirdCameo: The Pizza Planet truck, giving a role to John Ratzenberger in every film, putting a cameo of a character from the next film to be released, and the one listed in ShoutOut.
* {{Otaku}}: Watch some of their movies and just look at how many references they make to Japan. Lasseter is a long time admirer of Creator/HayaoMiyazaki, they've become professional friends, and Miyazaki's stamp of approval was instrumental in helping ''WesternAnimation/ToyStory'' catch on in Japan. Disney, under the direction of a Pixar-related employee, is the only studio Miyazaki blesses with English dubs of his work.
** Lassetter even flew Japanese girl group Music/{{Perfume}} to the premiere of ''Cars 2'' and surprised them with full knowledge of their back catalogue during lunch together. They recorded a J-Pop single for the film in which the characters visit Tokyo.
* PapaWolf: About half of Pixar's male leads are fathers ([[WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles Bob Parr]], [[WesternAnimation/FindingNemo Marlin]]) or substitute fathers ([[WesternAnimation/MonstersInc Sulley]], [[WesternAnimation/{{Up}} Carl]], arguably [[WesternAnimation/ToyStory Woody and Buzz]]) whose main conflict in their respective movies is involves and/or affects their children, as well as dealing with the physical and emotional baggage of that responsibility. Considering that many of Pixar's Regulars were starting to have families of their own during Pixar's earlier filmmaking years, it makes more than enough sense.
* ProductionForeshadowing: Happens enough times for a Pixar movie being the page image.
* SerendipityWritesThePlot: By the early 1990s, everything CG was kinda plastic... so Pixar did [[WesternAnimation/ToyStory a film starring plastic characters]]. Then computer technology allowed to depict living animals better ([[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife bugs]], [[WesternAnimation/MonstersInc furry/scaly creatures]], [[WesternAnimation/FindingNemo fish]], and then [[WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles humans]]).
* SceneryPorn: ''The Incredibles'''s commentary mentions having ''[[SeriousBusiness entire meetings]]'' [[LudicrousPrecision devoted to the placement of the food]] at the dinner table during one scene.
* ShoutOut: [[http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/A113 A113]] shows up in every Pixar film.
* ShownTheirWork: While Pixar does mix some things around for the sake of ArtisticLicense, it plays this ''very'' straight.
* TheSmurfettePrinciple: Despite their allocates, one major complaint about Pixar is the lack of films that have a notable number of prominent female characters. There have been [[WesternAnimation/{{Brave}} attempts to]] [[WesternAnimation/InsideOut remedy this]] as of late, to [[BrokenBase varying degrees of success]].
* SpotlightStealingSquad: Pixar's sidekicks tend to be [[EnsembleDarkhorse more memorable than their leads]]. You can see from their sequels that they embrace it: ''Cars 2'' centered on Mater, ''Monsters University'' on Mike, and ''Finding Dory'' will be about Dory. Averted, however, with the ''Toy Story'' films: despite Buzz Lightyear arguably being more famous and recognizable, Woody remains the focus of the sequels.
* StuntCasting: Subverted! Pixar certainly has commendable star power for each film, but make it a point to match the actor to the character, not [[InkSuitActor vice versa]].
** With one half-exception. While Frozone is generally his own self, they couldn't resist giving SamuelLJackson the opportunity to [[HamAndCheese ham it up]] just for fun.
* TeethClenchedTeamwork: Many a Pixar hero doesn't get along well with his co-protagonist or {{sidekick}} for most the film.
* TheVerse: With each of the films making all kinds of countless Shout Outs to previous movies and shorts and even a few characters making [[CharacterOverlap overlaps]] and {{cameo}}s here and there, this trope is almost impossible to ignore.
** This may not apply to all films however since ''WesternAnimation/TheIncredibles'' is seemingly set in an [[AlternateUniverse alternate]] PresentDay RetroUniverse and ''Cars'', well, for obvious reasons.
** Then there's ''[[http://jonnegroni.com/2013/07/11/the-pixar-theory/ The Pixar Theory]]'' by Joe Negroni which goes into great detail about how each film is possibly connected.
* WellIntentionedExtremist: Even though the morality is clear, the villains usually have a good motivation (or a FreudianExcuse) to make them less straight-up evil. Pete Docter said that a regular "doing evil for evil" villain is not a "real" one.
** The only real exceptions to the rule are [[WesternAnimation/ToyStory Sid]] and [[WesternAnimation/ABugsLife Hopper]]. Sid was just a kid who was very destructive with his toys. We don't really know why, nor do we need to. And even then, he's doing this to ''toys'' - he has no idea he's doing all this to sentient beings. Hopper is also really hard on the ants not for some real excuse, but because he doesn't want to do any of the work himself (seeing as how they based the story on the Aesop fable of the Ants and the Grasshopper). However, this doesn't make them any less of good villains.