[[caption-width-right:275: From back row to front, going from left to right: Clare Quilty (''Film/{{Lolita}}''), Grand Duchess Gloriana XII (''Film/TheMouseThatRoared''), Chief Inspector Jacques Clouseau (''Film/ThePinkPanther''), Chance the Gardener (''Film/BeingThere''), ''Film/DrStrangelove'', and the actual (?) Peter Sellers]]

->''"There is no me. I do not exist. There used to be a me, but I had it surgically removed."''
-->-- '''Peter Sellers''', ''Series/TheMuppetShow''

Born '''Richard Henry Sellers''' but ultimately adopting his nickname, the actual name of his parents' short-lived first child, '''Peter Sellers''' (September 8, 1925 -- July 24, 1980) is widely regarded as one of Britain and cinema's great comic actors.

Sellers first attracted attention on BBC radio in the late 1940s; he was an excellent impersonator, capable of a wide variety of accents, and was particuarly gifted at [[TalkingToHimself taking on multiple roles]], making the individual characters distinct. In fact, his talent for impersonation got him his first job: he rang a BBC producer and used the voice of Kenneth Horne, a respected radio talent, [[ButHeSoundsHandsome to wax enthusiastic about the talented young performer called Peter Sellers whom he, Horne, had just seen on stage.]] He then confessed that he was Sellers, using Horne's voice to make a point. The producer, who had been taken in completely, was impressed and offered Sellers a contract. Joining up with Creator/HarrySecombe and Creator/SpikeMilligan (and MichaelBentine, who left after the first two years), he was a key member of ''Radio/TheGoonShow'' in the 1950s, staying with it even as he started seeking film roles and expanding on his talents. Also during this period, a few television variants on the show's absurdity, such as ''A Show Called Fred'', were made and launched the career of director Richard Lester. (Music/TheBeatles were quite fond of the Goons.)

His film breakthrough was a supporting role to Creator/AlecGuinness in ''Film/TheLadykillers'' in 1955.[[note]]Sellers made his own tape recording of the film's audio track, performing every role himself in all of the actors' voices, and then played it to the unsuspecting cast and crew over a loudspeaker. Producer Michael Falcon recalled it was spooky to listen to.[[/note]] He became firmly established as a film star in 1959 with two of his biggest successes. One was ''I'm All Right, Jack'', for which he won the British Academy Award for Best Actor - and he wasn't even the lead. ''Film/TheMouseThatRoared'' was his first international hit in which he played ''three'' lead roles.

The early 1960s yielded his best-known work. On the one hand, he worked with Creator/StanleyKubrick twice: as Clare Quilty in ''Lolita'' and as three leads in ''[[DrStrangelove Dr. Strangelove, or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb]]'' [[labelnote:Note]]Notably, Kubrick, who was otherwise known for being a notorious perfectionist and keeping actors on a very tight leash, allowed Sellers to freely improvise and even kept a camera on him at all times during filming, just in case he would suddenly say or do something funny.[[/labelnote]] for which he received an Oscar nomination for Best Actor. LoadsAndLoadsOfRoles were a constant throughout his career; indeed, if Sellers wasn't playing multiple roles in a film, there was a good chance his character was a MasterOfDisguise or at least a wannabe, leading a double life, or some combination thereof. In ''The Naked Truth'' his character disguised himself to protect his double life; in ''The Fiendish Plot of Dr. FuManchu'', he played two roles, one of whom used the occasional PaperThinDisguise.

On the other hand, he originated a BreakoutCharacter, Inspector Jacques Clouseau, in the first two entries of ThePinkPanther series. Clouseau and some of his other characters were excellent examples of TheFool, but Sellers was adept at making them sympathetic. Clouseau is also a typical example of Sellers' gift for playing different nationalities and ethnicities, in this case a Frenchman. While he played plenty of different Brits in his career (and could convincingly essay a variety of UK accents), he also played American, German, Indian, Spanish, Italian, Japanese, and Chinese characters. Some boiled down to [[FunnyForeigner funny foreigners]] but others didn't.

Sellers' facility with accents and tendency to [[LostInCharacter lose himself in his characters]], and his personal insecurities and lack of a stable self-image, are uncomfortably reflected in an old interview he did on British TV. After Sellers had demonstrated various accents and character types, at one point the interviewer asked if he was now speaking with his real voice. Sellers pauses, looks genuinely confused, and responds, "I don't know." What some might have seen as a throwaway joke was viewed as a serious and genuine response, and a very telling one, by those who knew him.

Sellers was a notorious ManChild, partially because he had an [[MyBelovedSmother overbearing stage mother]] and was used to being coddled; stories of on-and-off-set tantrums are legion. He was also something of a fabulist and fantasist. In the modern Internet age he might well be called a Catfish. It appears absolutely certain now that Sellers never had the affair he claimed he had with Italian actress Sophia Loren. He was deeply infatuated with her after they filmed together, and she was taken with his comic persona. To this day, she adamantly denies what Sellers adamantly asserted: her marriage has been happy and monogamous, and Loren had no reason to be unfaithful. Sellers was again acting as what, today, would be termed a stalker, and this would put an end to his own first marriage, which was having enough problems as it was. The worst stories told about that period and his second marriage to Creator/BrittEkland claim he was a DomesticAbuser.

Another point debunking Sellers' claims of the Loren affair is that he made similar claims about ''at least'' two more co-stars later in his career (Dany Robin and Shirley [=MacLaine=], to be specific). However, despite official denials, there ''is'' rather more truth to Sellers' proud assertion that he had an affair with the Queen's sister, Princess Margaret. At the time he was in-between wives and her marriage to Lord Snowdon was breaking down amid infidelities and recriminations on all sides.

In 1964, not long after the release of most of the above, he suffered multiple heart attacks that left him clinically dead for 2 and 1/2 minutes. He was eager upon recovery to go back into film work, but as popular as he had become, he did an increasing number of projects unworthy of his talent or simply uncommercial (e.g., ''Film/TheMagicChristian''). Worse, his demanding style and resultant disagreements with directors and producers, particuarly on ''Film/CasinoRoyale1967'', got him a lot of bad press. He was also notorious for his gratuitous bad behaviour on the sets of TV commercials -- he and Milligan behaved with true outstanding brattishness on the set of a cigarette commercial, to a point where observers asserted they were trying to out-do each other for sheer rudeness and bad behaviour. Nevertheless, he did have the clout to encourage the release of Creator/MelBrooks' ''Film/TheProducers'' when its studio tried to meddle in 1968. And he collaborated successfully with Creator/BlakeEdwards on a standalone film project, ''Film/TheParty'', which became known for its minimal script and reliance on {{Improv}}.

Even though the actual quality of his performances remained surprisingly high throughout the late 60s/early 70s, and he kept working if only for [[MoneyDearBoy money]], by 1974 his career was almost DeaderThanDisco. During this period he had to rely on cameo appearances in the TV shows of old mates like Creator/EricSykes and Spike Milligan to keep in the public eye. The original GoonShow team also reformed, to celebrate a significant anniversary. However, he was approached with an offer to revive the ''Pink Panther'' series and, realizing the potential gains, decided to reprise the Inspector Clouseau character. The resultant film, 1975's ''The Return of the Pink Panther'', was so popular that two more sequels were made within the next three years. Beyond the Clouseau films, he followed that up the following year with his comical portrayal of Chinese detective Sidney Wang (as well as a few other roles that were ultimately cut) in ''MurderByDeath'', and made a [[SelfParody guest appearance]] on an episode of the ''Series/TheMuppetShow'' which was the source of the now-iconic page quote. With all this, his career spectacularly recovered even as his health declined (the aftereffect of the 1964 attacks).

Finally he moved on to a pet project, a film version of Jerzy Kosinski's satire ''Film/BeingThere''. Peter identified so strongly with its lead character, Chance the Gardener, that he had wanted to play him since reading the book circa 1972; the resultant Oscar-nominated performance became, at least for him, his MomentOfAwesome. The film was released in December 1979; Sellers made only one more film (''Film/TheFiendishPlotOfDrFuManchu'') before his death from one last heart attack in July 1980 at the age of 54.

Although his life was abbreviated and bittersweet, Sellers made over 50 feature films, hundreds of radio episodes, many TV appearances, four solo comedy albums and more. His is a legacy of unique, three-dimensional performances that remain the envy of many of today's comic actors, including Creator/RobinWilliams, Creator/EddieMurphy, Mike Myers, and Creator/SachaBaronCohen. Creator/GeoffreyRush won an Emmy Award for playing Sellers in a 2004 {{Biopic}}, ''Film/TheLifeAndDeathOfPeterSellers''.

Not to be confused with [[WallaceAndGromit Peter]] ''[[LastOfTheSummerWine Sallis]]''.

!! Tropes associated with him:

* EnforcedMethodActing: He would stay in character most of the time and it would drive everyone crazy. They wanted to talk to Peter, but instead they got the character he was playing.
* FunnyCharacterBoringActor: See the quote above.
* GenerationXerox: He and his son Michael both died from heart attacks exactly 26 years apart at almost the same age. Peter was 54, Michael was 52.
* HairTriggerTemper: He was ''notoriously'' sensitive. According to son Michael, Peter once threw a drink in his (Peter's) daughter Victoria's face over her well-intentioned comment about his character's appearance in ''Film/BeingThere'' -- it was a part he'd gained a significant amount of weight for only because he felt it fit the character, and he hated how he looked that way. [[note]] It didn't help that, according to Michael, Peter's then-wife Lynne Frederick effectively encouraged him to take that personally, as she didn't care for his children, all of whom were from previous marriages...and Michael and Sarah were already Lynne's age or ''older''.[[/note]]
* JerkWithAHeartOfGold: To his friends and certain collaborators. (Others often thought considerably less of him.)
* LeslieNielsenSyndrome: Hardly anybody remembers any of his dramatic work.
* LostInCharacter: He could be best described as a chameleon who felt comfortable in any skin but his own.
* ManChild: For better and for worse.
* ManOfAThousandVoices: He couldn't turn it off. Many of his costars noted that after a few minutes, he'd talk to you in your own voice, and wouldn't even notice unless you pointed it out.
* MyBelovedSmother: Peg Sellers does deserve a fair deal of the blame for how Peter turned out, to the point that she gets a HistoricalVillainUpgrade in ''Life and Death of...''
* ThePrimaDonna: He was known for acting like this on movie sets later in his career. Depending on the account, he either walked off or was fired from ''Film/CasinoRoyale1967'', and not before he got into a ''fistfight'' with one of the directors (Joe [=McGrath=], though they made up afterward).
** Either that or being the OnlySaneMan: The movie was going to be a ''straight'' adaptation when he signed on to it, and it eventually had six directors (one uncredited) and was all in all a mess shooting. He was playing opposite OrsonWelles who tried to upstage and belittle him (but seeing as Sellers also had a big ego, it's possible he might have had it coming). According to friend/frequent co-star Graham Stark, who was brought in for a brief scene with Sellers, the script was still being written ''on set'', coming in a page at a time. After Sellers left/was fired, things only got '''worse'''.
* SadClown: Like most comedians, Peter suffered from depression because he had a hard time getting serious roles, and the few he got didn't go over well with audiences.
* TalkingToHimself: In ''Dr. Strangelove'', the title character and Muffley talk to each other - in ''Film/TheMouseThatRoared'', Duchess Gloriana XII, Count Rupert of Mountjoy, and Tully Bascomb all talk to each other. This also turned up a lot on ''Radio/TheGoonShow'' and on all of his solo comedy albums.
* WithFriendsLikeThese: With Creator/BlakeEdwards, writer-director-producer of ''Film/ThePinkPanther'' series. He and Blake had '''many''' CreativeDifferences. Blake said that "At times, Peter was more or less great fun. The other times he was Hell."