[[caption-width-right:340:Smoking from [[GoodSmokingEvilSmoking a pipe]] and wearing a NiceHat… How more intellectual can you get?]]
->''“Laughter is the language of the soul.”''
-->-- '''Pablo Neruda''' (and '''[[WesternAnimation/TheSimpsons Lisa Simpson]]''')
Born Neftalí Reyes, '''Pablo Neruda''' (1904-1973) was one of the most famous and acclaimed poets of the 20th century. And maybe of all time.
An ardent communist, he became drawn to it during the Spanish Civil War. He was also an admirer of Stalin, but became disillusioned when he learned all the horrors of his regime and his cult of personality. He didn’t abandon communism, though.
He also was a diplomatic and a political figure in his native Chile, visiting a lot of countries which inspired some of his poems. When communism was declared illegal in 1948 he flew to return in 1952. He tried to run for president in 1970, but eventually gave his support to socialist Salvador Allende, who won but eventually got deposed and died in a coup d’etat in September 11th, 1973. A little more than a week later, he died of a heart failure.
His poems tend to be very erotic, surrealistic, historical or even political (guess on which side of the political spectrum), and a lot of them are known worldwide. He even won the NobelPrizeInLiterature a couple of years before his death.
He also collected houses; the three of them are open for tourists in Chile, with all the [[CollectorOfTheStrange weird things he collected]] on display.
Some works made by the poet are:
* ''Book of Twilights''.
* ''Twenty Love Poems and a Song of Despair''.
* ''Residence on Earth''.
* ''Spain in the Heart''.
* ''General Song''.
* And many more.
By the way, if you ask, his penname Neruda came from the Czech poet Jan Neruda. Who knows about Pablo (TheOtherWiki says it could be from Paul Verlaine, though).
!!Tropes associated with him:
* ArchEnemy: He had a very personal animosity towards Chilean President Gabriel González Videla (if you read his poems insulting the president, even without naming him, you can be sure Neruda is talking about him). This, because González Videla passed a law that made the Communist Party illegal, despite the fact that he won the election ''only'' thanks to their support[[note]]Initially, the communists were given places on the cabinet. However, they still felt shortchanged and, with the climate of the Cold War above them, were losing participation in the government. They tried to protest being as unsupportive as possible inside the government and he responded ''banning the whole part''[[/note]]. Neruda even capaigned for him during the election period.
* AuthorTract: Many poems seem to contrive to touch his thoughts about workers, capitalism, oppresion and similar stuff.
* BadassBoast: “Look around. There’s only one thing of danger for you here: poetry.” The fact that he said it to the armed forces searching through his house makes it even more badass.
* BigFancyHouse: Three of them, actually, all in different cities. You can visit them if you want.
** More exactly, two of them ("La Sebastiana" and "La Chascona") are in Valparaíso and Santiago respectively. The third is in Isla Negra (and it's named after the place), a small coastal area. The three are open for tourist visits, and they're ''very'' famous.
* CollectorOfTheStrange: To name a few:
* ConstantlyCurious: His ''Book of Questions'' deals with him asking all kinds of stuff (metaphorical and nonsensical).
* [[DirtyCommunists Dirty Communist]]: That’s how the CIA saw him.
-->''“I want to do with you what spring does with the cherry trees.”''
* NiceHat: Never left home without it.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: ''Incitement to [[RichardNixon Nixon]]icide''.
* RuleOfThree: He had three women on his life: his first wife Maryka (mother of his IllGirl daughter, Malva Marina), his second wife Delia del Carril, and the singer and nurse Matilde Urrutia.
** He had 3 houses in Chile: La Chascona in Santiago, La Sebastiana in Valparaíso, and his most famous one in Isla Negra.
** He also died three days after being hospitalized because of his long-time cancer.