[[caption-width-right:330:''[[PrettyBoy Fabulous.]]'']]
->''"All that I desire to point out is the general principle that {{Life imitates Art}} far more than {{Art imitates Life}}."''
-->-- '''Oscar Wilde'''

Oscar Wilde (1854-1900) was an Irish[[note]]Traditionally, the British like to say Wilde was a British author but [[NoTrueScotsman an Irish convict]][[/note]] playwright and journalist of the Victorian Era; he lived in VictorianLondon. A huge celebrity of his day, known for his wit and social commentary. He habitually made perverse and snarky quips, and often immortalized them in his work. His most celebrated play, ''Theatre/TheImportanceOfBeingEarnest,'' is still often performed today. He also wrote poetry, most famously ''The Ballad of Reading Gaol'', one novel (''Literature/ThePictureOfDorianGray'') and several beautiful fairy tales, including ''Literature/TheHappyPrince''. He once wrote a break-up letter that became world-famous (''[[http://upword.com/wilde/de_profundis.html De Profundis]]'').

His fun was interrupted when he sued for libel over being called homosexual. He was indeed homosexual (or maybe [[BiTheWay bisexual]]) as a significant number of young men testified at his trial. British law would still have found for him if that had been considered irrelevant.[[note]]Unlike U.S. law, where truth is considered an absolute defence against libel[[/note]] Instead, he lost, and since homosexuality was illegal... yeah. RealLife DownerEnding, there.

Famous for producing an enormous body of quotable wit -- enormous enough that of the hundreds of quotes ''attributed'' to him, as many as half may resemble things he actually said. This tendency to gather misattributions is the root of his status as Wiki/{{Uncyclopedia}}'s MemeticBadass in chief. Not to be confused with the other "[[Webcomic/WildeLife Oscar Wilde]]".
!!'''Works with their own pages:'''

* ''Theatre/AnIdealHusband''
* ''Theatre/TheImportanceOfBeingEarnest''
* ''Theatre/LadyWindermeresFan''
* ''Literature/{{The Picture of Dorian Gray}}''
* ''Theatre/{{Salome}}''
* ''Literature/TheHappyPrince''
* ''Literature/TheCantervilleGhost''
!!'''Other works provide examples of:'''

* AuthorAvatar: The character with all the good lines generally is this.
* AuthorsOfQuote: Even within his own lifetime
* AuthorTract: Nearly everything he wrote, to some extent.
* BalladOfX: "The Ballad of Reading Gaol".
* BlackComedy: "Lord Arthur Savile's Crime".
* {{Cloudcuckoolander}}: His comment on the wallpaper, dressing like prince Rupert for a costume party then wearing the same costume everyday, holding only a lily in a blue vase in his rooms, wanting to satisfy his blue porcelain set.
* DeadpanSnarker: Everyone in his plays. '''Everyone'''. The man himself as well.
* DoubleStandard: Several of his plays at least touch upon the unfairness of women's reputations being ruined by activities that men are allowed to get away with.
* DownerEnding: Various works, to say nothing of the last few years of his own life, which border on DiabolusExMachina territory.
* FalseWidow: Mrs. Arbuthnot from ''A Woman of No Importance''.
* GloveSlap: Discussed in ''A Woman of No Importance'':
-->'''Mrs Allonby:''' Miss Worsley would not let you kiss her.\\
'''Lord Illingworth:''' Are you sure?\\
'''Mrs Allonby:''' Quite.\\
'''Lord Illingworth:''' What do you think she'd do if I kissed her?\\
'''Mrs Allonby:''' Either marry you, or strike you across the face with her glove. What would you do if she struck you across the face with her glove?\\
'''Lord Illingworth:''' [[SlapSlapKiss Fall in love with her, probably.]]\\
'''Mrs Allonby:''' Then it is lucky you are not going to kiss her!\\
'''Lord Illingworth:''' Is that a challenge?
* TheHeartless: In "The Fisherman and His Soul", a Fisherman cuts his shadow (which holds his soul) free from his body so that he can live in the sea with his love, a mermaid. The soul, lacking a heart, becomes evil.
* HellholePrison: ''The Ballad of Reading Gaol'' details the horrors he experienced during his imprisonment in Reading Gaol. He writes of the inedible food, back-breaking hard labor, and crushing misery that makes prisoners worse instead of rehabilitating them.
-->''The vilest deeds like poison weeds\\
Bloom well in prison air.\\
It is only what is good in man\\
That wastes and withers there.\\
Pale Anguish keeps the heavy gate\\
And the Warder in Despair.''
* HomoeroticSubtext: Played with in ''[[http://www.kingkong.demon.co.uk/gsr/portmrwh.htm The Portrait Of Mr. W. H.]], where the characters debate over supposed Homoerotic Subtext in Shakespeare's sonnets. Wilde plays with EveryoneIsJesusInPurgatory, and even the reader starts wondering if the assumptions could be true.
* HotWitch: In "The Fisherman and his Soul", the one who tells the Fisherman how to get rid of his soul so he can court a mermaid is a beautiful red-headed witch. She bitterly lampshades the trope via lamenting how the Fisherman is hung up on the mermaid when he should be smitten with her due to her own beauty.
* InsaneTrollLogic: "The Devoted Friend", "The Remarkable Rocket", "The Crime of Lord Arthur Savile".
* InterspeciesRomance: "The Fisherman and His Soul" has a Handsome Fisherman who catches a cute little mermaid in his fishing nets, and releases her when she promises to sing every day so he can catch more fish. Within a few days he falls head over heels in love, and while she likes him back, she can't accept his feelings because he has a soul, unlike non-humans like her. And so the young Fisherman begins to work on getting rid of his own soul...
* ItsAllAboutMe: The title character in "The Remarkable Rocket."
-->"What right have you to be happy? You should be thinking about others. In fact, you should be thinking about me. I am always thinking about myself, and I expect everybody else to do the same. That is what is called sympathy. It is a beautiful virtue, and I possess it in a high degree."
* MasterPoisoner: Thomas Griffiths Wainewright, according to ''Pen, Pencil, and Poison''
* OldBeggarTest: In the short story "The Star-Child", a child is found in a forest just after a shooting star is seen in the sky. One of the woodcutters who finds the child takes him home and convinces his wife to help raise him along with their own children. The boy is handsome, but grows to be rude and arrogant. His birth mother appears on the scene in the guise of a beggar, and he rejects her. Then he turns ugly and is rejected by his friends, prompting him to go in search of his mother. Along the way, he is enslaved and aids a man with leprosy three times, though each time his master beats him for it. After the third occasion, he magically recovers his good looks and meets the leper and the beggar woman again. It turns out the leper is his father in disguise, just as his mother appeared to be a beggar woman, and both of them the wealthy rulers of a kingdom (and he of course is their son and heir).
* OurSoulsAreDifferent: In "The Fisherman and his Soul", a Fisherman gives up his soul in order to be with the mermaid he loves. His soul is shown as being intellectually completely different from himself. In fact, his life only changes for the worse once his soul returns. The spell the Fisherman performs to separate himself from his soul involves cutting his shadow free from his body, whereupon it is animated by the soul and goes about getting into misadventures. The soul, left on its own, is apparently [[TheHeartless Heartless]].
* PatrickStewartSpeech: "[[CrowningMomentOfHeartwarming We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars]]."
* PeopleOfHairColor: In "The Star Child", the child stands out among his adopted family and village because he is blond while they all have dark hair and eyes.
* PrettyBoy: Bosie.
* TheReasonYouSuckSpeech: ''De Profundis'', a 50,000-word letter written in prison from Wilde to his onetime lover Lord Alfred Douglas, is the "The Reason You Suck" Speech raised to the level of great art. Simultaneously played straight and inverted, in that for Wilde it's also a "The Reason I Suck" Speech.
* SelfPlagiarism: Some of the same bits of dialogue appear in more than one of his plays.
* ShakespeareInFiction: "The Portrait of Mr. W.H."
* ShapedLikeItself: From ''The Fisherman and his Soul'' -- "They tempt me with temptations".
* ShootTheShaggyDog: Several of Wilde's fairy tales.
** "The Nightingale and the Rose": Young man is mopey because some girl doesn't like him, wants to give her a red rose, and can't find one. A nightingale feels sorry for him and travels around the world looking for a rose, and can't find one either. The nightingale sacrifices her life, brutally and painfully, to create a red rose from her own blood. The young man finds it and gives it to the girl, but she dumps him anyway, and he throws it in the gutter and decides love is stupid. End of story.
** "The Star Child": Through suffering, the arrogant boy learns the error of his ways and is restored to his former handsome self -- and is crowned king. It's mentioned that he was the most benevolent ruler they'd ever had...too bad he only ruled for three years and was succeeded by a cruel tyrant. The end.
* SillyRabbitCynicismIsForLosers: Once called a cynic "a man who knows the price of everything and the value of nothing".
* TheSoulless: Subverted in "The Fisherman and his Soul". A young fisherman is magically separated from his soul, which takes on human guise and travels around without him -- and the fisherman is largely unaffected, while the ''soul'' becomes a typical "soulless" monster-in-human-form. It's explained that this is because the fisherman still has a loving heart, while the soul is both literally and metaphorically heartless.
* TakeThat: To various cultures, places, and people for his satirical works.
* TitleDrop: ''A Woman of No Importance''.