Norman Milton Lear (born July 27, 1922) is an Emmy and Peabody Award winning and AcademyAward nominated television writer, producer, screenwriter and occasional voice actor best known for being the creator, producer or developer of a number of [[SitCom sitcom]] megahits in [[TheSeventies 1970s]] including ''Series/AllInTheFamily'', ''Series/TheJeffersons'', ''Series/{{Maude}}'', ''Series/GoodTimes'' and ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' (with Bud Yorkin) among others. Lear's sitcoms are fondly remembered amongst the best of era and as revolutionary [[TropeCodifier trope codifiers]] of the socially conscious SitCom as his shows often dealt frankly (even by today's standards) with social issues of the day and breaking taboos of the day (everything from ''AllInTheFamily'' having the first audible toilet to ''Series/{{Maude}}'' featuring the first sitcom character to get an abortion) without being overly preachy. Lear's various production companies continued pumping out sitcoms through TheEighties and into TheNineties (''Series/DiffrentStrokes'', ''Series/WhosTheBoss'' and ''Series/TheFactsOfLife'' among them) before hitting a bit of a lull with a string of shows that got ScrewedByTheNetwork after only a few episodes and generally aren't as highly regarded (or well remembered) as his early work.

Lear is also known for being a social and political activist for liberal causes (often of the 1st Amendment variety) having founded the progressive advocacy group People For the American Way and often contributing to Democrat campaigns. He's also credited by Rob Reiner (who had acted on Lear's ''All in the Family'') as having helped jump start his directing career by fronting the money for ''Film/ThisIsSpinalTap''. As of late he's become close friends with Creator/TreyParkerAndMattStone of ''WesternAnimation/SouthPark'' fame having voice acted in a couple episodes, being credited as a consultant on a few others and even officiating Trey Parker's wedding.
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!!List of Works
[[foldercontrol]]

[[folder: Films Written ]]

* ''Come Blow Your Horn'' (1963)
* ''Divorce American Style'' (1967) - AcademyAward nomination for Best Original Screenplay
* ''The Night They Raided Minsky's'' (1968)
* ''Film/ColdTurkey'' (1971)

[[/folder]]

[[folder: TV Shows Created or Produced ]]

* ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' (1971-1979)
* ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' (1972-1977)
* ''Series/{{Maude}}'' (1972-1978)
* ''Series/GoodTimes'' (1974-1979)
* ''Series/TheJeffersons'' (1975-1985)
* ''Series/OneDayAtATime'' (1975-1984)
* ''Series/MaryHartmanMaryHartman'' (1976-1977)
* ''Series/FernwoodTonight'' (1977)
* ''Sunday Dinner'' (1991)
* ''The Powers That Be'' (1992)
* ''704 Hauser'' (1994)
* ''Channel Umptee-3'' (1997)
* ''Maggie Bloom'' (2000)

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!!This writer's work contains examples of:
* AfterShow[=/=]FromTheAshes: ''All in the Family'' had one in the form of ''Series/ArchieBunkersPlace'', and ''Sanford and Son'' had ''two'' in the form of ''Series/TheSanfordArms'' and ''Series/{{Sanford}}'', but Lear wasn't involved with either of them.
* CerebusSyndrome: Every now and then, individual episodes of Lear's show would get this. The ''Series/GoodTimes'' episode "The Big Move" probably had the cruelest case.
* CulturalTranslation: ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' and ''Sanford And Son'' were adaptations of the {{Brit Com}}s ''Series/TilDeathDoUsPart'' and ''Series/SteptoeAndSon'', respectively.
* DownerEnding: Quite a few memorable episodes of Lear's shows would start off pretty light, but drop one of these on the audience's lap.
* ExecutiveMeddling: Lear intended to end ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' after season 8 and gave the show a fitting SeriesFauxnale that resolved the main plotline but CBS decided to carry the show on for another season and four more seasons as the retooled ''Series/ArchieBunkersPlace'' without Lear.
* GrandFinale: ''Series/GoodTimes'', ''Series/OneDayAtATime'' and ''Series/{{Maude}}'' all received these.
* LongRunners: ''Series/TheJeffersons'' (11 seasons, 253 episodes), ''Series/OneDayAtATime'' (9 seasons, 209 episodes) and ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' (9 seasons, 208 episodes)[[note]] That stretches out to 13 seasons and 305 episodes if you count ''Series/ArchieBunkersPlace'' and its 4 seasons that contained 97 episodes.[[/note]]. Though only the first two were under his supervision for the entire duration.
* OnlySaneMan: Lamont of ''Sanford And Son''.
* PerpetualPoverty: ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' and ''Series/GoodTimes'' both ran on this trope. Any time it seemed like the characters were going to get out of their situation StatusQuoIsGod would kick in put them back in their place.
* PoorlyDisguisedPilot: ''Series/{{Maude}}'' and ''Series/TheJeffersons'' both got these on ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' in the second and fifth seasons respectively.
** The short lived ''Gloria'' received one on ''Series/ArchieBunkersPlace''.
* ReTool: Both ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' and ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' received these without Lear's involvement.
** Lear tried to initiate one of these to save ''Series/{{Maude}}'' by ending the sixth season with most of the supporting cast being PutOnABus, Maude winning a seat in Congress and moving to Washington DC with her husband. It was never tried out beyond the initial setup though since the network decided to end the show and Creator/BeaArthur decided to move on to other projects at about the same time. As such, the set up ends up working pretty well as an accidental GrandFinale for the series.
* ScrewedByTheNetwork: ''TheJeffersons'' never received a proper series finale and was cancelled without warning (lead actor Sherman Hemsley didn't even know until he read it in the paper) despite being Lear's longest running sitcom. ''Series/{{Maude}}'' was also killed by a combination of this due to its plummeting ratings and Creator/BeaArthur deciding to move on from the role.
* SeriesFauxnale: "The Stivics Go West" for ''Series/AllInTheFamily''.
* SignatureStyle: Sitcoms that often touched on issues of the time with little sugarcoating, featuring [[UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist unsympathetic male protagonists]] with sympathetic long suffering wives (or a long suffering son in the case of ''Series/SanfordAndSon''), sets that more resembled those stage plays than sitcoms, the occasional VerySpecialEpisode and usually opening credits that featured an EarWorm ThematicThemeTune and cameras panning over whatever city or town the series took place in.
* SpinOff: ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' was the launching pad for more than any other show in TV history, its spin-offs even had their spin-offs! The mothership spun off several successful shows including ''Series/{{Maude}}'', ''Series/TheJeffersons'' and a ReTool[=/=]AfterShow called ''Series/ArchieBunkersPlace'' (without Lear's involvement). Then ''Maude' spun off ''Series/GoodTimes'', ''The Jeffersons'' spun off ''Checking In'' and ''ArchieBunkersPlace'' spun off ''Gloria'' but ''Good Times'' was the only one of these to be successful or even last more than a few episodes.
** ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' had three ill fated and forgotten ones (''Grady'', ''The Sanford Arms'' and ''Series/{{Sanford}}'') but none of these had Lear's involvement and were the brain children of his producing partner Bud Yorkin.
* TropeCodifier: Lear's shows, especially ''Series/AllInTheFamily'', were this for socially conscious sitcoms.
** You can also thank him for pretty much creating the high quality African American sitcom with ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' and continuing to spearhead the movement with ''Series/GoodTimes'' and ''Series/TheJeffersons'' (which still holds the record after a quarter of a century as the longest running TV series with a primarily black cast).
* UnsympatheticComedyProtagonist: Archie Bunker of ''Series/AllInTheFamily'' and Fred Sanford of ''Series/SanfordAndSon'' are two of the most famous examples of this trope, George Jefferson of ''Series/TheJeffersons'' also qualifies. To Lear's credit though all of these characters had HiddenDepths and over time developed into fairly sympathetic characters.
* VerySpecialEpisode: All of Lear's shows had these from time to time but they often managed to avoid coming off as Anvilicious. The most famous ones are probably the ''AllInTheFamily'' episode where Edith is nearly raped and the episode of ''Series/{{Maude}}'' where she gets an abortion.
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