Mike Nichols (born Mikhail Igor Peschkowsky in UsefulNotes/{{Berlin}}; November 6, 1931 -- November 19, 2014) was an American film, television, and stage director.

He began his career as a comedian, teaming with Creator/ElaineMay (another future director) to form the acclaimed ComedyDuo Nichols & May. Afterwards, he notably worked as a director for 49 years. He began in 1960, directing stage productions of ''Theatre/TheImportanceOfBeingEarnest'' and ''Theatre/StJoan'' in UsefulNotes/{{Vancouver}}, and provided original material for the 1962 Creator/{{CBS}} Carnegie Hall special starring Creator/JulieAndrews and Creator/CarolBurnett. In 1963, he made his Broadway debut with Creator/NeilSimon's ''Theatre/BarefootInThePark'', then moved into films. He was also notable as one of eleven people to have won an Oscar, an Emmy, a Tony, and a Grammy--in other words, all four of the major American entertainment awards. It took him 51 years to collect all four, the longest of the group.

Music/CarlySimon often did the songs for his films, most notably the UsefulNotes/AcademyAward-winning song "Let the River Run" for ''Working Girl'' and "Coming Around Again" for ''Heartburn''.

He passed away at the age of 83 in November 2014.

Not to be confused with the American director Creator/JeffNichols.

Most notable works:
* The film adaptation of ''Theatre/WhosAfraidOfVirginiaWoolf'' from 1966. He also later directed a revival of the play in 1980.
* The film adaptation of ''Film/TheGraduate'', for which he won his Best Director Oscar, from 1967.
* ''Film/CatchTwentyTwo'' (1970)
* ''Film/CarnalKnowledge'' (1971)
* ''Film/DayOfTheDolphin'' (1973)
* ''Film/TheFortune'' (1975)
* ''Film/{{Silkwood}}'' (1983)
* ''Film/{{Heartburn}}'' (1986)
* ''Film/BiloxiBlues'' (1988)
* ''Film/WorkingGirl'' (1988)
* ''Film/PostcardsFromTheEdge'' (1990)
* ''Film/RegardingHenry'' (1991)
* ''Film/{{Wolf}}'' (1994)
* ''Film/TheBirdcage'' (1996)
* ''Film/PrimaryColors'' (1998)
* ''Film/WhatPlanetAreYouFrom'' (2000)
* The ''Theatre/AngelsInAmerica'' MiniSeries for {{Creator/HBO}} in 2003.
* ''Film/{{Closer}}'' (2004)
* The original Broadway production of ''Creator/MontyPython's Theatre/{{Spamalot}}'' in 2004.
* ''Film/CharlieWilsonsWar'' (2007)